Abstract

An Nd3+:KY(MoO4)2 crystal with perfect cleavage planes was grown by the Czochralski method. The room-temperature polarized absorption and the infrared-emission and upconversion visible-emission characteristics of the crystal were investigated. The comparison between the radiative and fluorescence lifetimes showed that the nonradiative transition from the F324 multiplet is nearly neglectable for the crystal. The relation among the crystal structure, the spectroscopic parameters, and the laser performances of the crystal were discussed. The cleavage nature and good spectral properties of the Nd3+:KY(MoO4)2 crystal show that it is a promising microchip gain medium.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  41. D. Jaque, J. Capmany, F. Molero, Z. D. Luo, and J. Garcia Sole, "Up-conversion luminescence in the Nd3+:YAB self frequency doubling laser crystal," Opt. Mater. 10, 211-217 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, Q. G. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, "Passively Q-switched laser operation of Nd3+:LaB3O6 cleavage microchip," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 103101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, S. V. Vassiliev, M. E. Doroshenko, V. V. Osiko, V. M. Puzikov, and M. B. Kosmyna, "Laser and self-Raman-laser oscillations of PbMoO4:Nd3+ crystal under laser diode pumping," Opt. Lett. 31, 65-67 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, E. Bovero, and N. Magnani, "Optical spectroscopy of SrWO4:Nd3+ single crystals," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, 6867-6876 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, "Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 747-757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Mendez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, "Optical emission properties of Nd3+ in NaBi(WO4)2 single crystal," Mol. Phys. 101, 941-949 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, M. B. Danailov, H. J. Eichler, A. Bednarkiewicz, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, "Laser operation and Raman self-frequency conversion in Yb:KYW microchip laser," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 75, 795-797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. A. Bursukova, M. C. Pujol, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, F. Guell, J. Massons, T. Kirilov, and F. Diaz, "Laser operation of the new stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 74, 185-189 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, "Efficient laser emission in concentrated Nd laser materials under pumping into the emission level," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 240-245 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. Balda, M. Sanz, A. Mendioroz, J. Fernandez, L. S. Griscom, and J. L. Adam, "Infrared-to-visible upconversion in Nd3+-doped chalcohalide glasses," Phys. Rev. B 64, 144101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

1998 (2)

A. Brignon, G. Feugnet, J. Huignard, and J. P. Pocholle, "Compact Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 amplifiers end-pumped by a high-brightness stacked array," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 577-585 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, F. Molero, Z. D. Luo, and J. Garcia Sole, "Up-conversion luminescence in the Nd3+:YAB self frequency doubling laser crystal," Opt. Mater. 10, 211-217 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

R. Moncorge, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier,E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, "Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications," Opt. Mater. 8, 109-119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Z. Luo, X. Chen, and T. Zhao, "Judd-Ofelt parameter analysis of rare earth anisotropic crystals by three perpendicular unpolarized absorption measurements," Opt. Commun. 134, 415-422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, J. Song, M. Musha, S. N. Bagaev, andA. A. Pavlyuk, "Orthorhombic ferroelectric and ferroelastic Gd2(MoO4)3 crystal: a new many-purposed nonlinear and optical material: efficient multiple stimulated Raman scattering and cw and tunable second harmonic generation," Opt. Mater. 7, 59-73 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, F. Mougel, D. Vivien, F. Salin, P. Coquelin, P. Colin, D. Pelenc, and J. P. Damelet, "Linear- and nonlinear-optical properties of a new gadolinium calcium oxoborate crystal, Ca4GdO(BO3)3," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2238-2247 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

A. A. Kaminskii and S. N. Bagaev, "Ribbon and sheet miniature crystal lasers," Quantum Electron. 24, 1029-1030 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. DeShazer, "Vanadate crystals exploit diode-pumped technology," Laser Focus World 30, 88-90, 92-93 (1994).

1993 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii and H. R. Verdun, "New high power, high efficient quasi-CW and CW single-mode KY(MoO4)2:Nd3+ laser end-pumped by a GaAlAs laser-diode array," Phys. Status Solidi A 138, K49-K53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

1982 (1)

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, "Vibronic interaction in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross-sections," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925-930 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

J. Hanuza and L. Labuda, "Polarized Raman and infrared spectra of a multilayer KY(MoO4)2 crystal," J. Raman Spectrosc. 11, 231-237 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, S. E. Sarkisov, and L. Li, "Investigation of stimulated emission in the 4F3/2-->4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ ions in crystals (III)," Phys. Status Solidi A 15, K141-K143 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

A. A. Pavlyuk, A. A. Kaminskii, and P. V. Klevtsov, "The solubility of neodymium in crystals of potassium yttrium molybdate KY(MoO4)2," Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 8, 1870-1871 (1972).

1971 (1)

F. Varsanyi, "Surface lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 169-171 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, and P. V. Klevtsov, "Spectroscopic properties of KY(MoO4)2 monocrystals activated by Nd3+ ions," Opt. Spectrosc. 28, 157-160 (1970).

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "Stimulated emission from KY(MoO4)2-Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 1, K91-K94 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, "Electron energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

P. V. Klevtsov and S. V. Borisov, "The X-ray investigation of dimolybdate KY(MoO4)2," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 177, 1333-1336 (1967).

1966 (1)

W. F. Krupke, "Optical absorption and fluorescence intensities in several rare-earth-doped Y2O3 and LaF3 single crystals," Phys. Rev. 145, 325-337 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, "Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions," Phys. Rev. 127, 750-61 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, "Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions," J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511-20 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J. L.

R. Balda, M. Sanz, A. Mendioroz, J. Fernandez, L. S. Griscom, and J. L. Adam, "Infrared-to-visible upconversion in Nd3+-doped chalcohalide glasses," Phys. Rev. B 64, 144101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Aguilo, M.

P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. A. Bursukova, M. C. Pujol, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, F. Guell, J. Massons, T. Kirilov, and F. Diaz, "Laser operation of the new stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 74, 185-189 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Aka, G.

Aull, B. F.

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, "Vibronic interaction in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross-sections," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925-930 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bagaev, S. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, J. Song, M. Musha, S. N. Bagaev, andA. A. Pavlyuk, "Orthorhombic ferroelectric and ferroelastic Gd2(MoO4)3 crystal: a new many-purposed nonlinear and optical material: efficient multiple stimulated Raman scattering and cw and tunable second harmonic generation," Opt. Mater. 7, 59-73 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii and S. N. Bagaev, "Ribbon and sheet miniature crystal lasers," Quantum Electron. 24, 1029-1030 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Balda, R.

Basiev, T. T.

Bednarkiewicz, A.

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, M. B. Danailov, H. J. Eichler, A. Bednarkiewicz, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, "Laser operation and Raman self-frequency conversion in Yb:KYW microchip laser," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 75, 795-797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

Borisov, S. V.

P. V. Klevtsov and S. V. Borisov, "The X-ray investigation of dimolybdate KY(MoO4)2," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 177, 1333-1336 (1967).

Bovero, E.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, E. Bovero, and N. Magnani, "Optical spectroscopy of SrWO4:Nd3+ single crystals," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, 6867-6876 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brignon, A.

A. Brignon, G. Feugnet, J. Huignard, and J. P. Pocholle, "Compact Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 amplifiers end-pumped by a high-brightness stacked array," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 577-585 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bursukova, M. A.

P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. A. Bursukova, M. C. Pujol, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, F. Guell, J. Massons, T. Kirilov, and F. Diaz, "Laser operation of the new stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 74, 185-189 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Butashin, A. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, J. Song, M. Musha, S. N. Bagaev, andA. A. Pavlyuk, "Orthorhombic ferroelectric and ferroelastic Gd2(MoO4)3 crystal: a new many-purposed nonlinear and optical material: efficient multiple stimulated Raman scattering and cw and tunable second harmonic generation," Opt. Mater. 7, 59-73 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, F. Molero, Z. D. Luo, and J. Garcia Sole, "Up-conversion luminescence in the Nd3+:YAB self frequency doubling laser crystal," Opt. Mater. 10, 211-217 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Carnall, W. T.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, "Electron energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Carozzo, V.

Cascales, C.

A. Mendez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, "Optical emission properties of Nd3+ in NaBi(WO4)2 single crystal," Mol. Phys. 101, 941-949 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cavalli, E.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, E. Bovero, and N. Magnani, "Optical spectroscopy of SrWO4:Nd3+ single crystals," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, 6867-6876 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Cavalli, E. Zannoni, C. Mucchino, V. Carozzo, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and M. Bettinelli, "Optical spectroscopy of Nd3+ in KLa(MoO4)2 crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1958-1965 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chambon, B.

R. Moncorge, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier,E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, "Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications," Opt. Mater. 8, 109-119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Z. Luo, X. Chen, and T. Zhao, "Judd-Ofelt parameter analysis of rare earth anisotropic crystals by three perpendicular unpolarized absorption measurements," Opt. Commun. 134, 415-422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Chen, Y. J.

Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, Q. G. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, "Passively Q-switched laser operation of Nd3+:LaB3O6 cleavage microchip," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 103101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. D. Huang, X. Q. Lin, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. F. Lin, "Laser emission from unprocessed cleavage microchip," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Colin, P.

Coquelin, P.

Cornacchia, F.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, E. Bovero, and N. Magnani, "Optical spectroscopy of SrWO4:Nd3+ single crystals," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, 6867-6876 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Damelet, J. P.

Danailov, M. B.

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, M. B. Danailov, H. J. Eichler, A. Bednarkiewicz, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, "Laser operation and Raman self-frequency conversion in Yb:KYW microchip laser," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 75, 795-797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Demidovich, A. A.

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Y. J. Chen, Y. D. Huang, X. Q. Lin, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. F. Lin, "Laser emission from unprocessed cleavage microchip," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021115 (2005).
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A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, and P. V. Klevtsov, "Spectroscopic properties of KY(MoO4)2 monocrystals activated by Nd3+ ions," Opt. Spectrosc. 28, 157-160 (1970).

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "Stimulated emission from KY(MoO4)2-Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 1, K91-K94 (1970).
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Klevtsov, P. V.

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A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, and P. V. Klevtsov, "Spectroscopic properties of KY(MoO4)2 monocrystals activated by Nd3+ ions," Opt. Spectrosc. 28, 157-160 (1970).

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "Stimulated emission from KY(MoO4)2-Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 1, K91-K94 (1970).
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A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, M. B. Danailov, H. J. Eichler, A. Bednarkiewicz, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, "Laser operation and Raman self-frequency conversion in Yb:KYW microchip laser," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 75, 795-797 (2002).
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J. Hanuza and L. Labuda, "Polarized Raman and infrared spectra of a multilayer KY(MoO4)2 crystal," J. Raman Spectrosc. 11, 231-237 (1981).
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R. Moncorge, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier,E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, "Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications," Opt. Mater. 8, 109-119 (1997).
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A. A. Kaminskii, S. E. Sarkisov, and L. Li, "Investigation of stimulated emission in the 4F3/2-->4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ ions in crystals (III)," Phys. Status Solidi A 15, K141-K143 (1973).
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Li, L. E.

Lin, X. Q.

Y. J. Chen, Y. D. Huang, X. Q. Lin, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. F. Lin, "Laser emission from unprocessed cleavage microchip," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021115 (2005).
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Lin, Y.

Lin, Y. F.

Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, Q. G. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, "Passively Q-switched laser operation of Nd3+:LaB3O6 cleavage microchip," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 103101 (2006).
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Y. J. Chen, Y. D. Huang, X. Q. Lin, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. F. Lin, "Laser emission from unprocessed cleavage microchip," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021115 (2005).
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A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, M. B. Danailov, H. J. Eichler, A. Bednarkiewicz, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, "Laser operation and Raman self-frequency conversion in Yb:KYW microchip laser," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 75, 795-797 (2002).
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G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, "Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 747-757 (2004).
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Luo, Z. D.

Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, Q. G. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, "Passively Q-switched laser operation of Nd3+:LaB3O6 cleavage microchip," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 103101 (2006).
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Y. J. Chen, Y. D. Huang, X. Q. Lin, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. F. Lin, "Laser emission from unprocessed cleavage microchip," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021115 (2005).
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V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, "Efficient laser emission in concentrated Nd laser materials under pumping into the emission level," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 240-245 (2002).
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A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, J. Song, M. Musha, S. N. Bagaev, andA. A. Pavlyuk, "Orthorhombic ferroelectric and ferroelastic Gd2(MoO4)3 crystal: a new many-purposed nonlinear and optical material: efficient multiple stimulated Raman scattering and cw and tunable second harmonic generation," Opt. Mater. 7, 59-73 (1997).
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P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. A. Bursukova, M. C. Pujol, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, F. Guell, J. Massons, T. Kirilov, and F. Diaz, "Laser operation of the new stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 74, 185-189 (2002).
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P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. A. Bursukova, M. C. Pujol, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, F. Guell, J. Massons, T. Kirilov, and F. Diaz, "Laser operation of the new stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 74, 185-189 (2002).
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R. Balda, M. Sanz, A. Mendioroz, J. Fernandez, L. S. Griscom, and J. L. Adam, "Infrared-to-visible upconversion in Nd3+-doped chalcohalide glasses," Phys. Rev. B 64, 144101 (2001).
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D. Jaque, J. Capmany, F. Molero, Z. D. Luo, and J. Garcia Sole, "Up-conversion luminescence in the Nd3+:YAB self frequency doubling laser crystal," Opt. Mater. 10, 211-217 (1998).
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Mucchino, C.

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Musha, M.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, J. Song, M. Musha, S. N. Bagaev, andA. A. Pavlyuk, "Orthorhombic ferroelectric and ferroelastic Gd2(MoO4)3 crystal: a new many-purposed nonlinear and optical material: efficient multiple stimulated Raman scattering and cw and tunable second harmonic generation," Opt. Mater. 7, 59-73 (1997).
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M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 68, 187-197 (1999).
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A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, J. Song, M. Musha, S. N. Bagaev, andA. A. Pavlyuk, "Orthorhombic ferroelectric and ferroelastic Gd2(MoO4)3 crystal: a new many-purposed nonlinear and optical material: efficient multiple stimulated Raman scattering and cw and tunable second harmonic generation," Opt. Mater. 7, 59-73 (1997).
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Osiko, V. V.

Pavel, N.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, "Efficient laser emission in concentrated Nd laser materials under pumping into the emission level," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 240-245 (2002).
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A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, J. Song, M. Musha, S. N. Bagaev, andA. A. Pavlyuk, "Orthorhombic ferroelectric and ferroelastic Gd2(MoO4)3 crystal: a new many-purposed nonlinear and optical material: efficient multiple stimulated Raman scattering and cw and tunable second harmonic generation," Opt. Mater. 7, 59-73 (1997).
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A. A. Pavlyuk, A. A. Kaminskii, and P. V. Klevtsov, "The solubility of neodymium in crystals of potassium yttrium molybdate KY(MoO4)2," Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 8, 1870-1871 (1972).

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, and P. V. Klevtsov, "Spectroscopic properties of KY(MoO4)2 monocrystals activated by Nd3+ ions," Opt. Spectrosc. 28, 157-160 (1970).

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "Stimulated emission from KY(MoO4)2-Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 1, K91-K94 (1970).
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G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, F. Mougel, D. Vivien, F. Salin, P. Coquelin, P. Colin, D. Pelenc, and J. P. Damelet, "Linear- and nonlinear-optical properties of a new gadolinium calcium oxoborate crystal, Ca4GdO(BO3)3," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2238-2247 (1997).
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R. Moncorge, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier,E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, "Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications," Opt. Mater. 8, 109-119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. A. Bursukova, M. C. Pujol, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, F. Guell, J. Massons, T. Kirilov, and F. Diaz, "Laser operation of the new stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 74, 185-189 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pocholle, J. P.

A. Brignon, G. Feugnet, J. Huignard, and J. P. Pocholle, "Compact Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 amplifiers end-pumped by a high-brightness stacked array," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 577-585 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Powell, P. C.

P. C. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Laser Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1998).
[CrossRef]

Pujol, M. C.

P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. A. Bursukova, M. C. Pujol, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, F. Guell, J. Massons, T. Kirilov, and F. Diaz, "Laser operation of the new stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 74, 185-189 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Puzikov, V. M.

Rajnak, K.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, "Electron energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Redkin, B. S.

Rico, M.

A. Mendez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, "Optical emission properties of Nd3+ in NaBi(WO4)2 single crystal," Mol. Phys. 101, 941-949 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rivoire, J. Y.

R. Moncorge, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier,E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, "Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications," Opt. Mater. 8, 109-119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roy, S.

R. Moncorge, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier,E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, "Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications," Opt. Mater. 8, 109-119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

Sanz, M.

R. Balda, M. Sanz, A. Mendioroz, J. Fernandez, L. S. Griscom, and J. L. Adam, "Infrared-to-visible upconversion in Nd3+-doped chalcohalide glasses," Phys. Rev. B 64, 144101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sarkisov, S. E.

A. A. Kaminskii, S. E. Sarkisov, and L. Li, "Investigation of stimulated emission in the 4F3/2-->4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ ions in crystals (III)," Phys. Status Solidi A 15, K141-K143 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Solans, X.

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sole, R.

P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. A. Bursukova, M. C. Pujol, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, F. Guell, J. Massons, T. Kirilov, and F. Diaz, "Laser operation of the new stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 74, 185-189 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Song, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, J. Song, M. Musha, S. N. Bagaev, andA. A. Pavlyuk, "Orthorhombic ferroelectric and ferroelastic Gd2(MoO4)3 crystal: a new many-purposed nonlinear and optical material: efficient multiple stimulated Raman scattering and cw and tunable second harmonic generation," Opt. Mater. 7, 59-73 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Strek, W.

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, M. B. Danailov, H. J. Eichler, A. Bednarkiewicz, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, "Laser operation and Raman self-frequency conversion in Yb:KYW microchip laser," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 75, 795-797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, "Efficient laser emission in concentrated Nd laser materials under pumping into the emission level," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 240-245 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Taira, A. Mukai, Y. Nozawa, and T. Kobayashi, "Single-mode oscillation of laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 microchip lasers," Opt. Lett. 16, 1955-1957 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tan, Q. G.

Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, Q. G. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, "Passively Q-switched laser operation of Nd3+:LaB3O6 cleavage microchip," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 103101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. D. Huang, X. Q. Lin, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. F. Lin, "Laser emission from unprocessed cleavage microchip," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tateno, M.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, J. Song, M. Musha, S. N. Bagaev, andA. A. Pavlyuk, "Orthorhombic ferroelectric and ferroelastic Gd2(MoO4)3 crystal: a new many-purposed nonlinear and optical material: efficient multiple stimulated Raman scattering and cw and tunable second harmonic generation," Opt. Mater. 7, 59-73 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Titov, A. N.

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, M. B. Danailov, H. J. Eichler, A. Bednarkiewicz, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, "Laser operation and Raman self-frequency conversion in Yb:KYW microchip laser," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 75, 795-797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Toncelli, A.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, E. Bovero, and N. Magnani, "Optical spectroscopy of SrWO4:Nd3+ single crystals," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, 6867-6876 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Cavalli, E. Zannoni, C. Mucchino, V. Carozzo, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and M. Bettinelli, "Optical spectroscopy of Nd3+ in KLa(MoO4)2 crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1958-1965 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, E. Bovero, and N. Magnani, "Optical spectroscopy of SrWO4:Nd3+ single crystals," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, 6867-6876 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Cavalli, E. Zannoni, C. Mucchino, V. Carozzo, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and M. Bettinelli, "Optical spectroscopy of Nd3+ in KLa(MoO4)2 crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1958-1965 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, "Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 747-757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, H. J. Eichier, K. Ueda, N. V. Klassen, B. S. Redkin, L. E. Li, J. Findeisen, D. Jaque, J. Garcia-Sole, J. Fernandez, and R. Balda, "Properties of Nd3+-doped and undoped tetragonal PbWO4, NaY(WO4)2, CaWO4, and undoped monoclinic ZnWO4 and CdWO4 as laser-active and stimulated Raman scattering-active crystals," Appl. Opt. 38, 4533-4547 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, J. Song, M. Musha, S. N. Bagaev, andA. A. Pavlyuk, "Orthorhombic ferroelectric and ferroelastic Gd2(MoO4)3 crystal: a new many-purposed nonlinear and optical material: efficient multiple stimulated Raman scattering and cw and tunable second harmonic generation," Opt. Mater. 7, 59-73 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Unnikrishnan, N. V.

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, "Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 747-757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Varsanyi, F.

F. Varsanyi, "Surface lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 169-171 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Vassiliev, S. V.

Verdun, H. R.

A. A. Kaminskii and H. R. Verdun, "New high power, high efficient quasi-CW and CW single-mode KY(MoO4)2:Nd3+ laser end-pumped by a GaAlAs laser-diode array," Phys. Status Solidi A 138, K49-K53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

Volkov, V.

A. Mendez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, "Optical emission properties of Nd3+ in NaBi(WO4)2 single crystal," Mol. Phys. 101, 941-949 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, "Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 747-757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, "Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 747-757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zaldo, C.

A. Mendez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, "Optical emission properties of Nd3+ in NaBi(WO4)2 single crystal," Mol. Phys. 101, 941-949 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zannoni, E.

Zayhowski, J. J.

Zhao, T.

Z. Luo, X. Chen, and T. Zhao, "Judd-Ofelt parameter analysis of rare earth anisotropic crystals by three perpendicular unpolarized absorption measurements," Opt. Commun. 134, 415-422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. (3)

P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, M. A. Bursukova, M. C. Pujol, R. Sole, J. Gavalda, M. Aguilo, F. Guell, J. Massons, T. Kirilov, and F. Diaz, "Laser operation of the new stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 74, 185-189 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, M. B. Danailov, H. J. Eichler, A. Bednarkiewicz, W. Strek, and A. N. Titov, "Laser operation and Raman self-frequency conversion in Yb:KYW microchip laser," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 75, 795-797 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pujol, M. Rico, C. Zaldo, R. Sole, V. Nikolov, X. Solans, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, "Crystalline structure and optical spectroscopy of Er3+-doped KGd(WO4)2 single crystals," Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 68, 187-197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. J. Chen, Y. D. Huang, X. Q. Lin, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. F. Lin, "Laser emission from unprocessed cleavage microchip," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Varsanyi, "Surface lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 169-171 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR (1)

P. V. Klevtsov and S. V. Borisov, "The X-ray investigation of dimolybdate KY(MoO4)2," Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 177, 1333-1336 (1967).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

A. Brignon, G. Feugnet, J. Huignard, and J. P. Pocholle, "Compact Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 amplifiers end-pumped by a high-brightness stacked array," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 577-585 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, and T. Taira, "Efficient laser emission in concentrated Nd laser materials under pumping into the emission level," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 240-245 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and N. V. Unnikrishnan, "Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent YAG ceramics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 747-757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, "Vibronic interaction in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross-sections," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925-930 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. (1)

A. A. Pavlyuk, A. A. Kaminskii, and P. V. Klevtsov, "The solubility of neodymium in crystals of potassium yttrium molybdate KY(MoO4)2," Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 8, 1870-1871 (1972).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, Q. G. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, "Passively Q-switched laser operation of Nd3+:LaB3O6 cleavage microchip," J. Appl. Phys. 99, 103101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

G. S. Ofelt, "Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions," J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511-20 (1962).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, "Electron energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, E. Bovero, and N. Magnani, "Optical spectroscopy of SrWO4:Nd3+ single crystals," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, 6867-6876 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

J. Hanuza and L. Labuda, "Polarized Raman and infrared spectra of a multilayer KY(MoO4)2 crystal," J. Raman Spectrosc. 11, 231-237 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Laser Focus World (1)

L. DeShazer, "Vanadate crystals exploit diode-pumped technology," Laser Focus World 30, 88-90, 92-93 (1994).

Mol. Phys. (1)

A. Mendez-Blas, M. Rico, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, "Optical emission properties of Nd3+ in NaBi(WO4)2 single crystal," Mol. Phys. 101, 941-949 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Z. Luo, X. Chen, and T. Zhao, "Judd-Ofelt parameter analysis of rare earth anisotropic crystals by three perpendicular unpolarized absorption measurements," Opt. Commun. 134, 415-422 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (4)

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, F. Molero, Z. D. Luo, and J. Garcia Sole, "Up-conversion luminescence in the Nd3+:YAB self frequency doubling laser crystal," Opt. Mater. 10, 211-217 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Moncorge, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier,E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, "Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications," Opt. Mater. 8, 109-119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, H. J. Eichler, D. Grebe, R. Macdonald, K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, W. Odajima, M. Tateno, J. Song, M. Musha, S. N. Bagaev, andA. A. Pavlyuk, "Orthorhombic ferroelectric and ferroelastic Gd2(MoO4)3 crystal: a new many-purposed nonlinear and optical material: efficient multiple stimulated Raman scattering and cw and tunable second harmonic generation," Opt. Mater. 7, 59-73 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Molva, "Microchip lasers and their applications in optical microsystems," Opt. Mater. 11, 289-299 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, and P. V. Klevtsov, "Spectroscopic properties of KY(MoO4)2 monocrystals activated by Nd3+ ions," Opt. Spectrosc. 28, 157-160 (1970).

Phys. Rev. (2)

W. F. Krupke, "Optical absorption and fluorescence intensities in several rare-earth-doped Y2O3 and LaF3 single crystals," Phys. Rev. 145, 325-337 (1966).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Judd, "Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions," Phys. Rev. 127, 750-61 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. Balda, M. Sanz, A. Mendioroz, J. Fernandez, L. S. Griscom, and J. L. Adam, "Infrared-to-visible upconversion in Nd3+-doped chalcohalide glasses," Phys. Rev. B 64, 144101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A (3)

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "Stimulated emission from KY(MoO4)2-Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 1, K91-K94 (1970).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, S. E. Sarkisov, and L. Li, "Investigation of stimulated emission in the 4F3/2-->4I13/2 transition of Nd3+ ions in crystals (III)," Phys. Status Solidi A 15, K141-K143 (1973).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii and H. R. Verdun, "New high power, high efficient quasi-CW and CW single-mode KY(MoO4)2:Nd3+ laser end-pumped by a GaAlAs laser-diode array," Phys. Status Solidi A 138, K49-K53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii and S. N. Bagaev, "Ribbon and sheet miniature crystal lasers," Quantum Electron. 24, 1029-1030 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, Crystalline Lasers: Physical Processes and Operating Schemes (Springer-Verlag, 1996).

P. C. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Laser Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Room-temperature polarized absorption spectra of the Nd 3 + : K Y ( Mo O 4 ) 2 crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Room-temperature polarized-emission spectra of the Nd 3 + : K Y ( Mo O 4 ) 2 crystal. The exciting wavelength is 808 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Room-temperature fluorescence decay curve of the Nd 3 + : K Y ( Mo O 4 ) 2 crystal at 1067 nm while it is excited at 808 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Room-temperature polarized upconversion emission spectra of the Nd 3 + : K Y ( Mo O 4 ) 2 crystal. The exciting wavelength is 808 nm .

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Mean Wavelengths and Measured and Fitted Line Strengths of the Nd 3 + : KY ( Mo O 4 ) 2 Cystal for Room-Temperature Polarized Absorption Spectra

Tables Icon

Table 2 Judd–Ofelt Intensity Parameters ( 10 20 cm 2 ) with Different Polarization of the Nd 3 + : KY ( Mo O 4 ) 2 Crystal

Tables Icon

Table 3 Mean Fluorescence Wavelengths, Spontaneous Emission Probabilities, and Fluorescence Branching Ratios with Different Polarizations for Some Transitions of the Nd 3 + : KY ( Mo O 4 ) 2 Crystal

Tables Icon

Table 4 Absorption Cross Sections σ abs at Peak Absorption Wavelengths λ abs and Stimulated-Emission Cross Sections σ em at Peak Fluorescence Wavelengths λ em with Different Polarizations for the Nd 3 + : K Y ( Mo O 4 ) 2 Crystal

Tables Icon

Table 5 Comparison of the Spectroscopic Parameters of the Nd 3 + : K Y ( Mo O 4 ) 2 , Nd 3 + : Pb W O 4 , and Nd 3 + : Y V O 4 Crystals

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S q mea ( J J ) = 3 h c ( 2 J + 1 ) 8 π 3 e 2 λ ¯ q abs 9 n ( n 2 + 2 ) 2 σ q abs ( λ ) d λ ,
S q cal ( J J ) = t = 2 , 4 , 6 Ω t q 4 f n [ α S L ] J U ( t ) 4 f n [ α S L ] J 2 ,
A q ( J J ) = 64 π 4 e 2 3 h ( 2 J + 1 ) λ ¯ em 3 n ( n 2 + 2 ) 2 9 S q cal ( J J ) ,
β q ( J J ) = A q ( J J ) J A q ( J J ) .
σ q em ( λ ) = λ 5 A q ( J J ) I q ( λ ) 8 π c n 2 λ I q ( λ ) d λ ,
A total = J , q A q ( J J ) 3 .

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