Abstract

We performed an investigation on Bragg reflection gratings recorded in blue-sensitive holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals. The use of a position-sensitive detector allows selective measurements of the reflected light, never before reported in these materials, to our knowledge. We can show that by using this experimental technique it is possible to detect the formation of multiple gratings, even when the transmission spectrum does not show multiple peaks. The results are discussed in the frame of existing coupled-wave theory for anisotropic materials, allowing us to obtain the optical characterization of the gratings.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. Sutherland, "Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs)," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83-115 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. T. Pogue, R. Sutherland, M. G. Schmitt, L. V. Natarajan, S. A. Siwecki, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, "Electrically switchable Bragg gratings from liquid crystal/polymer composites," Appl. Spectrosc. 54, 12A-28A (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Marino, F. Vita, A. V. Tkachenko, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and G. Abbate, "Dynamical behaviour of holographic gratings with a nematic film-polymer slice sequence structure," Eur. Phys. J. E 15, 47-52 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, G. Abbate, D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Visible and near-infrared characterization and modeling of nanosized holographic-polymer-dispersed liquid crystal gratings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 11702-1-8 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Determination of small anisotropy of holographic phase gratings," Opt. Lett. 28, 725-727 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Optical characterization of polymer dispersed liquid crystals for holographic recording," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9669-9674 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. L. Sutherland, "Polarization and switching properties of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings. I. Theoretical model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2995-3003 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, S. Chandra, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, S. A. Siwecki, and T. J. Bunning, "Polarization and switching properties of holographic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal gratings. II. Experimental investigations," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 3004-3012 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. N. Sharangovich and E. A. Dovolnov, "Models of holographic record of reflection and transmitted diffraction gratings in optical absorbent photopolymeric materials," Proc. SPIE 5464, 399-410 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, "Light diffraction at mixed phase and absorption gratings in anisotropic media for arbitrary geometries," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035-1047 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Qi, M. E. Sousa, and G. P. Crawford, "Reflective display configurations based on total internal reflection and grating-grating coupling of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLC)," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 433, 267-277 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, "Light amplification by dye-doped holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4893-4895 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, and F. Simoni, "Spectral analysis of shrinkage in holographic materials suitable for optical storage applications," Proc. SPIE 6252, 99 (2006).
  14. L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, F. Simoni, S. Frohmann, and S. Orlic, "Characterization of polymeric materials for microholographic data storage," Proc. SPIE 5939, 1-9 (2005).
  15. D. E. Lucchetta, O. Francescangeli, L. Criante, F. Simoni, L. Pierantoni, T. Rozzi, M. Scoponi, and S. Rossetti, "Optical and mechanical shrinkage effects in dye-doped photonic bandgap structures based on organic materials," Phys. Rev. E 73, 11708-11714 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Qi, M. DeSarkar, G. T. Warren, and G. P. Crawford, "In situ shrinkage measurement of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4795-4800 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Jazbinsek, I. Drevensek-Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, "Characterization of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3831-3838 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Kogelnik, "Filter response of nonuniform almost-periodic structures," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 55, 109-126 (1976).

2006 (2)

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, and F. Simoni, "Spectral analysis of shrinkage in holographic materials suitable for optical storage applications," Proc. SPIE 6252, 99 (2006).

D. E. Lucchetta, O. Francescangeli, L. Criante, F. Simoni, L. Pierantoni, T. Rozzi, M. Scoponi, and S. Rossetti, "Optical and mechanical shrinkage effects in dye-doped photonic bandgap structures based on organic materials," Phys. Rev. E 73, 11708-11714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, F. Simoni, S. Frohmann, and S. Orlic, "Characterization of polymeric materials for microholographic data storage," Proc. SPIE 5939, 1-9 (2005).

J. Qi, M. E. Sousa, and G. P. Crawford, "Reflective display configurations based on total internal reflection and grating-grating coupling of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLC)," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 433, 267-277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, G. Abbate, D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Visible and near-infrared characterization and modeling of nanosized holographic-polymer-dispersed liquid crystal gratings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 11702-1-8 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

S. N. Sharangovich and E. A. Dovolnov, "Models of holographic record of reflection and transmitted diffraction gratings in optical absorbent photopolymeric materials," Proc. SPIE 5464, 399-410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, "Light amplification by dye-doped holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4893-4895 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Marino, F. Vita, A. V. Tkachenko, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and G. Abbate, "Dynamical behaviour of holographic gratings with a nematic film-polymer slice sequence structure," Eur. Phys. J. E 15, 47-52 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Determination of small anisotropy of holographic phase gratings," Opt. Lett. 28, 725-727 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Optical characterization of polymer dispersed liquid crystals for holographic recording," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9669-9674 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

2001 (1)

M. Jazbinsek, I. Drevensek-Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, "Characterization of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3831-3838 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. Sutherland, "Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs)," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83-115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Pogue, R. Sutherland, M. G. Schmitt, L. V. Natarajan, S. A. Siwecki, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, "Electrically switchable Bragg gratings from liquid crystal/polymer composites," Appl. Spectrosc. 54, 12A-28A (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, "Light diffraction at mixed phase and absorption gratings in anisotropic media for arbitrary geometries," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035-1047 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

H. Kogelnik, "Filter response of nonuniform almost-periodic structures," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 55, 109-126 (1976).

Abbate, G.

F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, G. Abbate, D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Visible and near-infrared characterization and modeling of nanosized holographic-polymer-dispersed liquid crystal gratings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 11702-1-8 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Marino, F. Vita, A. V. Tkachenko, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and G. Abbate, "Dynamical behaviour of holographic gratings with a nematic film-polymer slice sequence structure," Eur. Phys. J. E 15, 47-52 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beev, K.

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, and F. Simoni, "Spectral analysis of shrinkage in holographic materials suitable for optical storage applications," Proc. SPIE 6252, 99 (2006).

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, F. Simoni, S. Frohmann, and S. Orlic, "Characterization of polymeric materials for microholographic data storage," Proc. SPIE 5939, 1-9 (2005).

Brandelik, D. M.

Bunning, T. J.

Caputo, R.

A. Marino, F. Vita, A. V. Tkachenko, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and G. Abbate, "Dynamical behaviour of holographic gratings with a nematic film-polymer slice sequence structure," Eur. Phys. J. E 15, 47-52 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chandra, S.

Crawford, G. P.

J. Qi, M. E. Sousa, and G. P. Crawford, "Reflective display configurations based on total internal reflection and grating-grating coupling of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLC)," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 433, 267-277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Qi, M. DeSarkar, G. T. Warren, and G. P. Crawford, "In situ shrinkage measurement of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4795-4800 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Jazbinsek, I. Drevensek-Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, "Characterization of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3831-3838 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Criante, L.

D. E. Lucchetta, O. Francescangeli, L. Criante, F. Simoni, L. Pierantoni, T. Rozzi, M. Scoponi, and S. Rossetti, "Optical and mechanical shrinkage effects in dye-doped photonic bandgap structures based on organic materials," Phys. Rev. E 73, 11708-11714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, and F. Simoni, "Spectral analysis of shrinkage in holographic materials suitable for optical storage applications," Proc. SPIE 6252, 99 (2006).

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, F. Simoni, S. Frohmann, and S. Orlic, "Characterization of polymeric materials for microholographic data storage," Proc. SPIE 5939, 1-9 (2005).

F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, G. Abbate, D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Visible and near-infrared characterization and modeling of nanosized holographic-polymer-dispersed liquid crystal gratings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 11702-1-8 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, "Light amplification by dye-doped holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4893-4895 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Optical characterization of polymer dispersed liquid crystals for holographic recording," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9669-9674 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Determination of small anisotropy of holographic phase gratings," Opt. Lett. 28, 725-727 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeSarkar, M.

J. Qi, M. DeSarkar, G. T. Warren, and G. P. Crawford, "In situ shrinkage measurement of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4795-4800 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dovolnov, E. A.

S. N. Sharangovich and E. A. Dovolnov, "Models of holographic record of reflection and transmitted diffraction gratings in optical absorbent photopolymeric materials," Proc. SPIE 5464, 399-410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Drevensek-Olenik, I.

M. Jazbinsek, I. Drevensek-Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, "Characterization of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3831-3838 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fontecchio, A. K.

M. Jazbinsek, I. Drevensek-Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, "Characterization of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3831-3838 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Francescangeli, O.

D. E. Lucchetta, O. Francescangeli, L. Criante, F. Simoni, L. Pierantoni, T. Rozzi, M. Scoponi, and S. Rossetti, "Optical and mechanical shrinkage effects in dye-doped photonic bandgap structures based on organic materials," Phys. Rev. E 73, 11708-11714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, "Light amplification by dye-doped holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4893-4895 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Frohmann, S.

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, F. Simoni, S. Frohmann, and S. Orlic, "Characterization of polymeric materials for microholographic data storage," Proc. SPIE 5939, 1-9 (2005).

Jazbinsek, M.

M. Jazbinsek, I. Drevensek-Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, "Characterization of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3831-3838 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, "Filter response of nonuniform almost-periodic structures," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 55, 109-126 (1976).

Lucchetta, D. E.

D. E. Lucchetta, O. Francescangeli, L. Criante, F. Simoni, L. Pierantoni, T. Rozzi, M. Scoponi, and S. Rossetti, "Optical and mechanical shrinkage effects in dye-doped photonic bandgap structures based on organic materials," Phys. Rev. E 73, 11708-11714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, and F. Simoni, "Spectral analysis of shrinkage in holographic materials suitable for optical storage applications," Proc. SPIE 6252, 99 (2006).

F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, G. Abbate, D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Visible and near-infrared characterization and modeling of nanosized holographic-polymer-dispersed liquid crystal gratings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 11702-1-8 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, F. Simoni, S. Frohmann, and S. Orlic, "Characterization of polymeric materials for microholographic data storage," Proc. SPIE 5939, 1-9 (2005).

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, "Light amplification by dye-doped holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4893-4895 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Optical characterization of polymer dispersed liquid crystals for holographic recording," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9669-9674 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Determination of small anisotropy of holographic phase gratings," Opt. Lett. 28, 725-727 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marino, A.

F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, G. Abbate, D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Visible and near-infrared characterization and modeling of nanosized holographic-polymer-dispersed liquid crystal gratings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 11702-1-8 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Marino, F. Vita, A. V. Tkachenko, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and G. Abbate, "Dynamical behaviour of holographic gratings with a nematic film-polymer slice sequence structure," Eur. Phys. J. E 15, 47-52 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Montemezzani, G.

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, "Light diffraction at mixed phase and absorption gratings in anisotropic media for arbitrary geometries," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035-1047 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Natarajan, L. V.

Orlic, S.

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, F. Simoni, S. Frohmann, and S. Orlic, "Characterization of polymeric materials for microholographic data storage," Proc. SPIE 5939, 1-9 (2005).

Pierantoni, L.

D. E. Lucchetta, O. Francescangeli, L. Criante, F. Simoni, L. Pierantoni, T. Rozzi, M. Scoponi, and S. Rossetti, "Optical and mechanical shrinkage effects in dye-doped photonic bandgap structures based on organic materials," Phys. Rev. E 73, 11708-11714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pogue, R. T.

Qi, J.

J. Qi, M. E. Sousa, and G. P. Crawford, "Reflective display configurations based on total internal reflection and grating-grating coupling of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLC)," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 433, 267-277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Qi, M. DeSarkar, G. T. Warren, and G. P. Crawford, "In situ shrinkage measurement of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4795-4800 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rossetti, S.

D. E. Lucchetta, O. Francescangeli, L. Criante, F. Simoni, L. Pierantoni, T. Rozzi, M. Scoponi, and S. Rossetti, "Optical and mechanical shrinkage effects in dye-doped photonic bandgap structures based on organic materials," Phys. Rev. E 73, 11708-11714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rozzi, T.

D. E. Lucchetta, O. Francescangeli, L. Criante, F. Simoni, L. Pierantoni, T. Rozzi, M. Scoponi, and S. Rossetti, "Optical and mechanical shrinkage effects in dye-doped photonic bandgap structures based on organic materials," Phys. Rev. E 73, 11708-11714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, M. G.

Scoponi, M.

D. E. Lucchetta, O. Francescangeli, L. Criante, F. Simoni, L. Pierantoni, T. Rozzi, M. Scoponi, and S. Rossetti, "Optical and mechanical shrinkage effects in dye-doped photonic bandgap structures based on organic materials," Phys. Rev. E 73, 11708-11714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sharangovich, S. N.

S. N. Sharangovich and E. A. Dovolnov, "Models of holographic record of reflection and transmitted diffraction gratings in optical absorbent photopolymeric materials," Proc. SPIE 5464, 399-410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, C. K.

Simoni, F.

D. E. Lucchetta, O. Francescangeli, L. Criante, F. Simoni, L. Pierantoni, T. Rozzi, M. Scoponi, and S. Rossetti, "Optical and mechanical shrinkage effects in dye-doped photonic bandgap structures based on organic materials," Phys. Rev. E 73, 11708-11714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, and F. Simoni, "Spectral analysis of shrinkage in holographic materials suitable for optical storage applications," Proc. SPIE 6252, 99 (2006).

F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, G. Abbate, D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Visible and near-infrared characterization and modeling of nanosized holographic-polymer-dispersed liquid crystal gratings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 11702-1-8 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, F. Simoni, S. Frohmann, and S. Orlic, "Characterization of polymeric materials for microholographic data storage," Proc. SPIE 5939, 1-9 (2005).

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, "Light amplification by dye-doped holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4893-4895 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Optical characterization of polymer dispersed liquid crystals for holographic recording," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9669-9674 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Determination of small anisotropy of holographic phase gratings," Opt. Lett. 28, 725-727 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siwecki, S. A.

Sousa, M. E.

J. Qi, M. E. Sousa, and G. P. Crawford, "Reflective display configurations based on total internal reflection and grating-grating coupling of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLC)," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 433, 267-277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, R.

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. Sutherland, "Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs)," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83-115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Pogue, R. Sutherland, M. G. Schmitt, L. V. Natarajan, S. A. Siwecki, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, "Electrically switchable Bragg gratings from liquid crystal/polymer composites," Appl. Spectrosc. 54, 12A-28A (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, R. L.

Tkachenko, A. V.

A. Marino, F. Vita, A. V. Tkachenko, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and G. Abbate, "Dynamical behaviour of holographic gratings with a nematic film-polymer slice sequence structure," Eur. Phys. J. E 15, 47-52 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tkachenko, V.

F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, G. Abbate, D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Visible and near-infrared characterization and modeling of nanosized holographic-polymer-dispersed liquid crystal gratings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 11702-1-8 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tondiglia, V. P.

Umeton, C.

A. Marino, F. Vita, A. V. Tkachenko, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and G. Abbate, "Dynamical behaviour of holographic gratings with a nematic film-polymer slice sequence structure," Eur. Phys. J. E 15, 47-52 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Veltri, A.

A. Marino, F. Vita, A. V. Tkachenko, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and G. Abbate, "Dynamical behaviour of holographic gratings with a nematic film-polymer slice sequence structure," Eur. Phys. J. E 15, 47-52 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vita, F.

F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, G. Abbate, D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Visible and near-infrared characterization and modeling of nanosized holographic-polymer-dispersed liquid crystal gratings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 11702-1-8 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Marino, F. Vita, A. V. Tkachenko, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and G. Abbate, "Dynamical behaviour of holographic gratings with a nematic film-polymer slice sequence structure," Eur. Phys. J. E 15, 47-52 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warren, G. T.

J. Qi, M. DeSarkar, G. T. Warren, and G. P. Crawford, "In situ shrinkage measurement of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4795-4800 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zgonik, M.

M. Jazbinsek, I. Drevensek-Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, "Characterization of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3831-3838 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, "Light diffraction at mixed phase and absorption gratings in anisotropic media for arbitrary geometries," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035-1047 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. (1)

T. J. Bunning, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and R. Sutherland, "Holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs)," Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 30, 83-115 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, O. Francescangeli, and F. Simoni, "Light amplification by dye-doped holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4893-4895 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, "Filter response of nonuniform almost-periodic structures," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 55, 109-126 (1976).

Eur. Phys. J. E (1)

A. Marino, F. Vita, A. V. Tkachenko, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and G. Abbate, "Dynamical behaviour of holographic gratings with a nematic film-polymer slice sequence structure," Eur. Phys. J. E 15, 47-52 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Optical characterization of polymer dispersed liquid crystals for holographic recording," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9669-9674 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Qi, M. DeSarkar, G. T. Warren, and G. P. Crawford, "In situ shrinkage measurement of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4795-4800 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Jazbinsek, I. Drevensek-Olenik, M. Zgonik, A. K. Fontecchio, and G. P. Crawford, "Characterization of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal transmission gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3831-3838 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

J. Qi, M. E. Sousa, and G. P. Crawford, "Reflective display configurations based on total internal reflection and grating-grating coupling of holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLC)," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 433, 267-277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. E (3)

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, "Light diffraction at mixed phase and absorption gratings in anisotropic media for arbitrary geometries," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035-1047 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Lucchetta, O. Francescangeli, L. Criante, F. Simoni, L. Pierantoni, T. Rozzi, M. Scoponi, and S. Rossetti, "Optical and mechanical shrinkage effects in dye-doped photonic bandgap structures based on organic materials," Phys. Rev. E 73, 11708-11714 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Vita, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, G. Abbate, D. E. Lucchetta, L. Criante, and F. Simoni, "Visible and near-infrared characterization and modeling of nanosized holographic-polymer-dispersed liquid crystal gratings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 11702-1-8 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (3)

S. N. Sharangovich and E. A. Dovolnov, "Models of holographic record of reflection and transmitted diffraction gratings in optical absorbent photopolymeric materials," Proc. SPIE 5464, 399-410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, and F. Simoni, "Spectral analysis of shrinkage in holographic materials suitable for optical storage applications," Proc. SPIE 6252, 99 (2006).

L. Criante, K. Beev, D. E. Lucchetta, F. Simoni, S. Frohmann, and S. Orlic, "Characterization of polymeric materials for microholographic data storage," Proc. SPIE 5939, 1-9 (2005).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of the writing setup for high resolution reflection gratings. BS; beam splitter; M; mirror; LS; light source; OF; optical fiber; C; collimator; S; sample (holographic grating); R; rotation stage; SP; spectrometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic representation of the angular-selectivity setup for reflection gratings. P.S.D; position (and light-intensity) sensitive detector; S; holographic grating; R; rotation stage; Pd; photodiode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

k-vector scheme for the general case of slanted grating.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

H-PDLC transmission spectra recorded after different irradiation times, as indicated in the inset (irradiation began at t = 0 ). The large peak visible in the upper left corner at λ = 457 nm is due to scattered light from the writing laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Angular behavior of diffraction efficiency for s- (a) and p- (b) polarized probe light. The continuous curve represents the theoretical fits obtained by using the Montemezzani and Zgonik theory. The dashed part of the curve does not properly fit the experimental data.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Transmission spectra showing the dynamics of the multipeak formation for long exposure times (up to 13.2 s ). Only a few spectra are reported for ease of understanding.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Angular behavior of diffraction efficiency for s-polarized probe light. The continuous curve represents the theoretical curve obtained as a superimposition of the best-fit curves (dashed curves) relative to each reflection peak.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Best-Fit Values of Permittivity Modulation Tensor and Grating Thickness, Relative to the Angular Measurement Reported in Fig. 7

Equations (21)

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η = ν 2 d 2 1 R { sin 2 ( Re [ W ] d ) + sinh 2 ( Im [ W ] d ) } ,
W 2 = ( ν 2 + ξ 2 + i χ 2 ) d 2 ,
ν 2 = k 0 2 A r 2 d 2 16 n s n p g s g p cos θ s cos θ p ,
R = [ ( Δ k r ) 2 4 + ( α s + α p ) 2 4 ] { sinh 2 ( Im [ W ] d ) + sin 2 ( Re [ W ] d ) } + W 2 { cosh 2 ( Im [ W ] d ) sin 2 ( Re [ W ] d ) } + Re [ W ] [ ( α s + α p ) 2 sin ( 2 Re [ W ] d ) + Δ k r 2 sinh ( 2 Im [ W ] d ) ] + Im [ W ] [ ( α s + α p ) 2 sinh ( 2 Im [ W ] d ) Δ k r 2 sin ( 2 Re [ W ] d ) ] ,
ξ 2 = Δ k r 2 ( α s + α p ) 2 4 d 2
χ 2 = Δ k r ( α s + α p ) 2 d 2 .
k p = k s + m K + Δ k r ,
Δ k r = 2 π Λ ( cos θ p cos θ p B 1 ) 2 π Λ Δ θ p tan θ p B ,
A r s pol = ϵ y y 1 ,
A r p pol = ϵ x x 1 cos θ p cos θ s + ϵ z z 1 sin θ p sin θ s ,
n 2 π λ sin θ p = n 2 π λ sin θ s + 2 π Λ sin ϕ ,
n 2 π λ cos θ p = n 2 π λ cos θ s + 2 π Λ cos ϕ + Δ k r ,
sin θ s B = sin θ p B λ n Λ sin ϕ ,
cos θ s B = cos θ p B λ n Λ cos ϕ ,
cos ( θ p B ϕ ) = λ 2 n Λ .
Δ k r = 2 π λ n ( cos θ p cos θ s ) 2 π Λ cos ϕ ,
Δ k r = 2 π λ n [ cos ( θ p B + Δ θ p ) cos ( θ s B + Δ θ s ) ] 2 π Λ cos ϕ 2 π λ n ( cos θ p B cos θ s B Δ θ p sin θ p B + Δ θ s sin θ s B ) 2 π Λ cos ϕ = 2 π λ n ( Δ θ p sin θ p B + Δ θ s sin θ s B ) ,
Δ θ p cos θ p B Δ θ s cos θ s B ,
Δ k r 2 π Λ [ sin ( θ p B ϕ ) cos θ p B λ n Λ cos ϕ ] Δ θ p ,
Δ k r 2 π Λ Δ θ p
Δ k r 2 π Λ Δ θ p tan θ p B ,

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