Abstract

We present a quantum teleportation experiment in the quantum relay configuration using the installed telecommunication network of Swisscom. In this experiment, the Bell-state measurement occurs well after the entanglement has been distributed, at a point where the photon upon which data are teleported is already far away, and the entangled qubits are photons created from a different crystal and laser pulse than the teleported qubit. A raw fidelity of 0.93±0.04 has been achieved using a heralded single-photon source.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. H. Bennett, F. Bessette, G. Brassard, L. Salvail, and J. Smolin, "Experimental quantum cryptography," J. Cryptology 5, 3-28 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-151 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Quantum relays and noise suppression using linear optics," Phys. Rev. A 66, 052307 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Collins, N. Gisin, and H. De Riedmatten, "Quantum relays for long distance quantum cryptography," J. Mod. Opt. 52, 735-753 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421, 509-513 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, M. Aspelmeyer, R. Kaltenbek, M. Lindenthal, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum teleportation across the Danube," Nature 430, 849-849 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. van Houwelingen, N. Brunner, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum teleportation with a three-Bell-state analyzer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130502 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, "Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?" Phys. Rev. 47, 777-780 (1935).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594-2597 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Experimental investigation of the robustness of partially entangled qubits over 11km," Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, "Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047904 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. Tittel and G. Weihs, "Photonic entanglement for fundamental tests and quantum communication," Quantum Inf. Comput. 1, 3-56 (2001).
  17. S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163-163 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. Pittman, B. Jacobs, and J. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion," Opt. Commun. 246, 545-550 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. T. Yang, Q. Zhang, T.-Y. Chen, S. Lu, J. Yin, and J.-W. Pan, "Experimental synchronization of independent entangled photon sources," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 110501 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. R. Kaltenbaek, B. Blauensteiner, M. Zukowski, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental interference of independent photons," arxiv.org e-print archive, quant-ph/0603048 (2006), http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0603048.
  21. C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, "Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044-2046 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum interference with photon pairs created in spatially separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 67, 022301 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  23. F. Grosshans and P. Grangier, "Quantum cloning and teleportation criteria for continuous quantum variables," Phys. Rev. A 64, 010301 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  24. D. Bruß, D. DiVincenzo, A. Ekert, C. Fuchs, C. Macchiavello, and J. Smolin, "Optimal universal and state-dependent quantum cloning," Phys. Rev. A 57, 2368-2378 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. van Houwelingen, N. Brunner, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum teleportation with a three-Bell-state analyzer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130502 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yang, Q. Zhang, T.-Y. Chen, S. Lu, J. Yin, and J.-W. Pan, "Experimental synchronization of independent entangled photon sources," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 110501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Collins, N. Gisin, and H. De Riedmatten, "Quantum relays for long distance quantum cryptography," J. Mod. Opt. 52, 735-753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, M. Aspelmeyer, R. Kaltenbek, M. Lindenthal, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum teleportation across the Danube," Nature 430, 849-849 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163-163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Pittman, B. Jacobs, and J. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion," Opt. Commun. 246, 545-550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, "Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum interference with photon pairs created in spatially separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 67, 022301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421, 509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-151 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Quantum relays and noise suppression using linear optics," Phys. Rev. A 66, 052307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Experimental investigation of the robustness of partially entangled qubits over 11km," Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

W. Tittel and G. Weihs, "Photonic entanglement for fundamental tests and quantum communication," Quantum Inf. Comput. 1, 3-56 (2001).

F. Grosshans and P. Grangier, "Quantum cloning and teleportation criteria for continuous quantum variables," Phys. Rev. A 64, 010301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594-2597 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Bruß, D. DiVincenzo, A. Ekert, C. Fuchs, C. Macchiavello, and J. Smolin, "Optimal universal and state-dependent quantum cloning," Phys. Rev. A 57, 2368-2378 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

C. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

C. H. Bennett, F. Bessette, G. Brassard, L. Salvail, and J. Smolin, "Experimental quantum cryptography," J. Cryptology 5, 3-28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, "Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044-2046 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1935 (1)

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, "Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?" Phys. Rev. 47, 777-780 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Alibart, O.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163-163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aspelmeyer, M.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, M. Aspelmeyer, R. Kaltenbek, M. Lindenthal, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum teleportation across the Danube," Nature 430, 849-849 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kaltenbaek, B. Blauensteiner, M. Zukowski, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental interference of independent photons," arxiv.org e-print archive, quant-ph/0603048 (2006), http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0603048.

Baldi, P.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163-163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, C.

C. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bennett, C. H.

C. H. Bennett, F. Bessette, G. Brassard, L. Salvail, and J. Smolin, "Experimental quantum cryptography," J. Cryptology 5, 3-28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bessette, F.

C. H. Bennett, F. Bessette, G. Brassard, L. Salvail, and J. Smolin, "Experimental quantum cryptography," J. Cryptology 5, 3-28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Beveratos, A.

J. van Houwelingen, N. Brunner, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum teleportation with a three-Bell-state analyzer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130502 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163-163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blauensteiner, B.

R. Kaltenbaek, B. Blauensteiner, M. Zukowski, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental interference of independent photons," arxiv.org e-print archive, quant-ph/0603048 (2006), http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0603048.

Bouwmeester, D.

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brassard, G.

C. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Bennett, F. Bessette, G. Brassard, L. Salvail, and J. Smolin, "Experimental quantum cryptography," J. Cryptology 5, 3-28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Brendel, J.

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594-2597 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Briegel, H.-J.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brunner, N.

J. van Houwelingen, N. Brunner, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum teleportation with a three-Bell-state analyzer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130502 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruß, D.

D. Bruß, D. DiVincenzo, A. Ekert, C. Fuchs, C. Macchiavello, and J. Smolin, "Optimal universal and state-dependent quantum cloning," Phys. Rev. A 57, 2368-2378 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T.-Y.

T. Yang, Q. Zhang, T.-Y. Chen, S. Lu, J. Yin, and J.-W. Pan, "Experimental synchronization of independent entangled photon sources," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 110501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cirac, J. I.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Collins, D.

D. Collins, N. Gisin, and H. De Riedmatten, "Quantum relays for long distance quantum cryptography," J. Mod. Opt. 52, 735-753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, "Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crépeau, C.

C. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Riedmatten, H.

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Collins, N. Gisin, and H. De Riedmatten, "Quantum relays for long distance quantum cryptography," J. Mod. Opt. 52, 735-753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, "Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421, 509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum interference with photon pairs created in spatially separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 67, 022301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

DiVincenzo, D.

D. Bruß, D. DiVincenzo, A. Ekert, C. Fuchs, C. Macchiavello, and J. Smolin, "Optimal universal and state-dependent quantum cloning," Phys. Rev. A 57, 2368-2378 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dür, W.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eibl, M.

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Einstein, A.

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, "Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?" Phys. Rev. 47, 777-780 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Ekert, A.

D. Bruß, D. DiVincenzo, A. Ekert, C. Fuchs, C. Macchiavello, and J. Smolin, "Optimal universal and state-dependent quantum cloning," Phys. Rev. A 57, 2368-2378 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fasel, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163-163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Franson, J.

T. Pittman, B. Jacobs, and J. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion," Opt. Commun. 246, 545-550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Franson, J. D.

B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Quantum relays and noise suppression using linear optics," Phys. Rev. A 66, 052307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, C.

D. Bruß, D. DiVincenzo, A. Ekert, C. Fuchs, C. Macchiavello, and J. Smolin, "Optimal universal and state-dependent quantum cloning," Phys. Rev. A 57, 2368-2378 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

J. van Houwelingen, N. Brunner, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum teleportation with a three-Bell-state analyzer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130502 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Collins, N. Gisin, and H. De Riedmatten, "Quantum relays for long distance quantum cryptography," J. Mod. Opt. 52, 735-753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, "Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163-163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum interference with photon pairs created in spatially separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 67, 022301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421, 509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-151 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Experimental investigation of the robustness of partially entangled qubits over 11km," Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594-2597 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

F. Grosshans and P. Grangier, "Quantum cloning and teleportation criteria for continuous quantum variables," Phys. Rev. A 64, 010301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grosshans, F.

F. Grosshans and P. Grangier, "Quantum cloning and teleportation criteria for continuous quantum variables," Phys. Rev. A 64, 010301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C. K.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, "Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044-2046 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacobs, B.

T. Pittman, B. Jacobs, and J. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion," Opt. Commun. 246, 545-550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jacobs, B. C.

B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Quantum relays and noise suppression using linear optics," Phys. Rev. A 66, 052307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jennewein, T.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, M. Aspelmeyer, R. Kaltenbek, M. Lindenthal, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum teleportation across the Danube," Nature 430, 849-849 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jozsa, R.

C. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaltenbaek, R.

R. Kaltenbaek, B. Blauensteiner, M. Zukowski, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental interference of independent photons," arxiv.org e-print archive, quant-ph/0603048 (2006), http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0603048.

Kaltenbek, R.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, M. Aspelmeyer, R. Kaltenbek, M. Lindenthal, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum teleportation across the Danube," Nature 430, 849-849 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lindenthal, M.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, M. Aspelmeyer, R. Kaltenbek, M. Lindenthal, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum teleportation across the Danube," Nature 430, 849-849 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, S.

T. Yang, Q. Zhang, T.-Y. Chen, S. Lu, J. Yin, and J.-W. Pan, "Experimental synchronization of independent entangled photon sources," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 110501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macchiavello, C.

D. Bruß, D. DiVincenzo, A. Ekert, C. Fuchs, C. Macchiavello, and J. Smolin, "Optimal universal and state-dependent quantum cloning," Phys. Rev. A 57, 2368-2378 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, L.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, "Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044-2046 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcikic, I.

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, "Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421, 509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum interference with photon pairs created in spatially separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 67, 022301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mattle, K.

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ou, Z. Y.

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, "Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044-2046 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, J.-W.

T. Yang, Q. Zhang, T.-Y. Chen, S. Lu, J. Yin, and J.-W. Pan, "Experimental synchronization of independent entangled photon sources," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 110501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peres, A.

C. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pittman, T.

T. Pittman, B. Jacobs, and J. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion," Opt. Commun. 246, 545-550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, T. B.

B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Quantum relays and noise suppression using linear optics," Phys. Rev. A 66, 052307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Podolsky, B.

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, "Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?" Phys. Rev. 47, 777-780 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-151 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rosen, N.

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, "Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?" Phys. Rev. 47, 777-780 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Salvail, L.

C. H. Bennett, F. Bessette, G. Brassard, L. Salvail, and J. Smolin, "Experimental quantum cryptography," J. Cryptology 5, 3-28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Smolin, J.

D. Bruß, D. DiVincenzo, A. Ekert, C. Fuchs, C. Macchiavello, and J. Smolin, "Optimal universal and state-dependent quantum cloning," Phys. Rev. A 57, 2368-2378 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, F. Bessette, G. Brassard, L. Salvail, and J. Smolin, "Experimental quantum cryptography," J. Cryptology 5, 3-28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163-163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Experimental investigation of the robustness of partially entangled qubits over 11km," Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thew, R. T.

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Experimental investigation of the robustness of partially entangled qubits over 11km," Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, "Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421, 509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum interference with photon pairs created in spatially separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 67, 022301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-151 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Experimental investigation of the robustness of partially entangled qubits over 11km," Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Tittel and G. Weihs, "Photonic entanglement for fundamental tests and quantum communication," Quantum Inf. Comput. 1, 3-56 (2001).

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594-2597 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ursin, R.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, M. Aspelmeyer, R. Kaltenbek, M. Lindenthal, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum teleportation across the Danube," Nature 430, 849-849 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Houwelingen, J.

J. van Houwelingen, N. Brunner, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum teleportation with a three-Bell-state analyzer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130502 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Houwelingen, J. A. W.

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Walther, P.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, M. Aspelmeyer, R. Kaltenbek, M. Lindenthal, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum teleportation across the Danube," Nature 430, 849-849 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weihs, G.

W. Tittel and G. Weihs, "Photonic entanglement for fundamental tests and quantum communication," Quantum Inf. Comput. 1, 3-56 (2001).

Weinfurter, H.

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wootters, W.

C. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, T.

T. Yang, Q. Zhang, T.-Y. Chen, S. Lu, J. Yin, and J.-W. Pan, "Experimental synchronization of independent entangled photon sources," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 110501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, J.

T. Yang, Q. Zhang, T.-Y. Chen, S. Lu, J. Yin, and J.-W. Pan, "Experimental synchronization of independent entangled photon sources," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 110501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zbinden, H.

J. van Houwelingen, N. Brunner, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum teleportation with a three-Bell-state analyzer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130502 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, "Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163-163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum interference with photon pairs created in spatially separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 67, 022301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421, 509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-151 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Experimental investigation of the robustness of partially entangled qubits over 11km," Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594-2597 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, M. Aspelmeyer, R. Kaltenbek, M. Lindenthal, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum teleportation across the Danube," Nature 430, 849-849 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Kaltenbaek, B. Blauensteiner, M. Zukowski, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental interference of independent photons," arxiv.org e-print archive, quant-ph/0603048 (2006), http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0603048.

Zhang, Q.

T. Yang, Q. Zhang, T.-Y. Chen, S. Lu, J. Yin, and J.-W. Pan, "Experimental synchronization of independent entangled photon sources," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 110501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoller, P.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zukowski, M.

R. Kaltenbaek, B. Blauensteiner, M. Zukowski, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental interference of independent photons," arxiv.org e-print archive, quant-ph/0603048 (2006), http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0603048.

J. Cryptology (1)

C. H. Bennett, F. Bessette, G. Brassard, L. Salvail, and J. Smolin, "Experimental quantum cryptography," J. Cryptology 5, 3-28 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

D. Collins, N. Gisin, and H. De Riedmatten, "Quantum relays for long distance quantum cryptography," J. Mod. Opt. 52, 735-753 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

D. Bouwmeester, J.-W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421, 509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ursin, T. Jennewein, M. Aspelmeyer, R. Kaltenbek, M. Lindenthal, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, "Quantum teleportation across the Danube," Nature 430, 849-849 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163-163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Pittman, B. Jacobs, and J. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion," Opt. Commun. 246, 545-550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, "Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?" Phys. Rev. 47, 777-780 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (6)

R. T. Thew, S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Experimental investigation of the robustness of partially entangled qubits over 11km," Phys. Rev. A 66, 062304 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Jacobs, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, "Quantum relays and noise suppression using linear optics," Phys. Rev. A 66, 052307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum interference with photon pairs created in spatially separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 67, 022301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Grosshans and P. Grangier, "Quantum cloning and teleportation criteria for continuous quantum variables," Phys. Rev. A 64, 010301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Bruß, D. DiVincenzo, A. Ekert, C. Fuchs, C. Macchiavello, and J. Smolin, "Optimal universal and state-dependent quantum cloning," Phys. Rev. A 57, 2368-2378 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, "Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044-2046 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, "Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 047904 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Brendel, N. Gisin, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Pulsed energy-time entangled twin-photon source for quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2594-2597 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, Q. Zhang, T.-Y. Chen, S. Lu, J. Yin, and J.-W. Pan, "Experimental synchronization of independent entangled photon sources," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 110501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crépeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. Wootters, "Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895-1899 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. van Houwelingen, N. Brunner, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Quantum teleportation with a three-Bell-state analyzer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130502 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5932-5935 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Inf. Comput. (1)

W. Tittel and G. Weihs, "Photonic entanglement for fundamental tests and quantum communication," Quantum Inf. Comput. 1, 3-56 (2001).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-151 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

R. Kaltenbaek, B. Blauensteiner, M. Zukowski, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental interference of independent photons," arxiv.org e-print archive, quant-ph/0603048 (2006), http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0603048.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Teleportation protocol. Quantum channels are in plain lines, classical channels are in dashed lines. The state that Bob measures is the same that Alice sent to Charlie up to a unitary transformation. EPR source is a source of entangled states, or Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen states.[11]

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical circuit. PC, Polarization controller; QM, rudimentary quantum memory (fiber spools).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Circles correspond to the number of long path coincidences in the coupler, the squares to short path coincidences. Both show a Mandel dip (with visibilities V 11 = 0.266 and V 00 = 0.255 , respectively), which demonstrates indistinguishability. Both Mandel dips also are at the same location, demonstrating good alignment of the interferometers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

In squares, the number of counts (sum of short and long paths, normalized) without active stabilization. After a few hours, the coincidence rate has risen to a level equal to that outside the Mandel dip. This means that the photons path lengths are different by more than their coherence length and no bunching occurs. In circles, a similar experiment with active stabilization shows that the indistinguishability condition is now stable.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic of the electronic circuit used to compare the photons time of arrival in the BSA. Each time a photon is detected in each detector with a 1.2 ns delay between each photon, which corresponds to a Ψ detection, a triggering signal is sent to Bob.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Teleportation experiment: as we scan the phase of Bob’s interferometer, the number of coincidences oscillates, which shows that the qubit is in the expected superposition state. When subtracting noise, the near-perfect visibility V net = 0.92 ± 0.13 shows that decoherence is minimal. The raw visibility of V raw = 0.46 ± 0.06 is still higher than the classical limit.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

When taking into account the fourth photon, noise is greatly reduced, and we are able to see a raw visibility of V raw = 0.87 ± 0.07 .

Metrics