Abstract

The chiral properties of naturally occurring biological or chemical threat agents are usually weak, and the expressions in the constitutive relations associated with charility are relatively small compared with the familiar terms associated with the electric permittivity and magnetic permeability of the medium. Therefore it is necessary to optimize the excitation of the chiral materials in order to detect and identify the threat agents. Moreover chiral materials characterized by positive or negative refractive indices have several novel applications in nanophotonics. For these nanophotonic devices to perform efficiently, it is also necessary to optimize the excitation of these devices. Since the Mueller matrices that relate the scattered to the incident Stokes vectors completely characterize scattered polarized electromagnetic waves, much attention is given to the explicit expressions for the reflection and transmission matrices that also account for the cross-polarized coefficients. To first order, the cross-polarized coefficients are proportional to the chiral parameter. It is therefore important to determine the relationships between the cross-polarized coefficients and the incident angle of excitation, the medium parameters (such as the refractive index and the intrinsic impedance of the achiral host medium), and the wavelength. The optimum polarization and the mode of operation (reflection or transmission) are also important factors that need to be determined.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Bahar, "Mueller matrices for waves reflected and transmitted through chiral materials, waveguide modal solutions, and applications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1610-1619 (2007).
  2. E. Bahar, "Application of the Mueller matrix and near-field measurements to detect and identify trace species in drugs and threat agents," in Advanced Environmental, Chemical and Biological Sensing Technologies III, Proc. SPIE 5993, GI-G8 (2005).
  3. A. H. Carrieri, "Novel network pattern recognition by means of differential absorption, Mueller matrix spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 38, 3759-3766 (1999).
  4. J. B. Pendry, "A chiral route to negative refraction," Science 306, 1352-1355 (2004).
  5. T. G. Mackay, "Plane waves with negative phase velocity in isotropic chiral mediums," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 120-121 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Bahar and N. Ianno, "Complex media characterized by chirality and negative refractive index," presented at the SPIE Conference on Optics and Photonics, Aug. 13-17 2006, San Diego, Calif., paper 6320-22.
  7. Q. Cheng and T. J. Cui, "Negative refractions in uniaxially anisotropic chiral media," Phys. Rev. B 73, 113104-1-113104-4 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Q. Cheng and T. J. Cui, "Negative refractions and backward waves in biaxially anisotropic chiral media," Opt. Express 14, 6322-6332 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Bahar and N. Ianno, "Complex media characterized by chirality and negative refractive index, analysis and applications," J. Nanophotonics 1, 013509 (2007).
  10. P. Crittenden and E. Bahar, "A modal solution for reflection and transmission at a chiral-chiral interface," Can. J. Phys. 83, 1267-1290 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Barron, Molecular Light Scattering and Optical Activity, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2004).
  12. G. Eleftheriades and K. Balmain, Negative Refraction Metamaterials, Fundamental Principles and Applications (IEEE Press, Wiley Interscience, 2005).
  13. "EM Reflection from Chiral Material," Appl. Surf. Sci. 225, 1-409 (2004).
  14. C.-W. Qui, H.-Y. Yao, S. Zouhdi, L.-W. Li, and M.-S. Liong, "On the constitutive relations of G-chiral media and the potential to realize negative-index media," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 482534-2538 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. EM Wave Propagating in Chiral Media via the Born-Fedorov Formalism (Facultad De Ingenieria, 2003), vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 3-9.

2007 (2)

C.-W. Qui, H.-Y. Yao, S. Zouhdi, L.-W. Li, and M.-S. Liong, "On the constitutive relations of G-chiral media and the potential to realize negative-index media," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 482534-2538 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Bahar, "Mueller matrices for waves reflected and transmitted through chiral materials, waveguide modal solutions, and applications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1610-1619 (2007).

2006 (2)

Q. Cheng and T. J. Cui, "Negative refractions and backward waves in biaxially anisotropic chiral media," Opt. Express 14, 6322-6332 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Cheng and T. J. Cui, "Negative refractions in uniaxially anisotropic chiral media," Phys. Rev. B 73, 113104-1-113104-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

E. Bahar, "Application of the Mueller matrix and near-field measurements to detect and identify trace species in drugs and threat agents," in Advanced Environmental, Chemical and Biological Sensing Technologies III, Proc. SPIE 5993, GI-G8 (2005).

P. Crittenden and E. Bahar, "A modal solution for reflection and transmission at a chiral-chiral interface," Can. J. Phys. 83, 1267-1290 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Mackay, "Plane waves with negative phase velocity in isotropic chiral mediums," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 120-121 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

J. B. Pendry, "A chiral route to negative refraction," Science 306, 1352-1355 (2004).

"EM Reflection from Chiral Material," Appl. Surf. Sci. 225, 1-409 (2004).

1999 (1)

Bahar, E.

E. Bahar, "Mueller matrices for waves reflected and transmitted through chiral materials, waveguide modal solutions, and applications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1610-1619 (2007).

E. Bahar, "Application of the Mueller matrix and near-field measurements to detect and identify trace species in drugs and threat agents," in Advanced Environmental, Chemical and Biological Sensing Technologies III, Proc. SPIE 5993, GI-G8 (2005).

P. Crittenden and E. Bahar, "A modal solution for reflection and transmission at a chiral-chiral interface," Can. J. Phys. 83, 1267-1290 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Bahar and N. Ianno, "Complex media characterized by chirality and negative refractive index," presented at the SPIE Conference on Optics and Photonics, Aug. 13-17 2006, San Diego, Calif., paper 6320-22.

E. Bahar and N. Ianno, "Complex media characterized by chirality and negative refractive index, analysis and applications," J. Nanophotonics 1, 013509 (2007).

Balmain, K.

G. Eleftheriades and K. Balmain, Negative Refraction Metamaterials, Fundamental Principles and Applications (IEEE Press, Wiley Interscience, 2005).

Barron, L.

L. Barron, Molecular Light Scattering and Optical Activity, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2004).

Carrieri, A. H.

Cheng, Q.

Q. Cheng and T. J. Cui, "Negative refractions and backward waves in biaxially anisotropic chiral media," Opt. Express 14, 6322-6332 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Cheng and T. J. Cui, "Negative refractions in uniaxially anisotropic chiral media," Phys. Rev. B 73, 113104-1-113104-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Crittenden, P.

P. Crittenden and E. Bahar, "A modal solution for reflection and transmission at a chiral-chiral interface," Can. J. Phys. 83, 1267-1290 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cui, T. J.

Q. Cheng and T. J. Cui, "Negative refractions and backward waves in biaxially anisotropic chiral media," Opt. Express 14, 6322-6332 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Cheng and T. J. Cui, "Negative refractions in uniaxially anisotropic chiral media," Phys. Rev. B 73, 113104-1-113104-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eleftheriades, G.

G. Eleftheriades and K. Balmain, Negative Refraction Metamaterials, Fundamental Principles and Applications (IEEE Press, Wiley Interscience, 2005).

Ianno, N.

E. Bahar and N. Ianno, "Complex media characterized by chirality and negative refractive index," presented at the SPIE Conference on Optics and Photonics, Aug. 13-17 2006, San Diego, Calif., paper 6320-22.

E. Bahar and N. Ianno, "Complex media characterized by chirality and negative refractive index, analysis and applications," J. Nanophotonics 1, 013509 (2007).

Li, L. W.

C.-W. Qui, H.-Y. Yao, S. Zouhdi, L.-W. Li, and M.-S. Liong, "On the constitutive relations of G-chiral media and the potential to realize negative-index media," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 482534-2538 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liong, M. S.

C.-W. Qui, H.-Y. Yao, S. Zouhdi, L.-W. Li, and M.-S. Liong, "On the constitutive relations of G-chiral media and the potential to realize negative-index media," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 482534-2538 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mackay, T. G.

T. G. Mackay, "Plane waves with negative phase velocity in isotropic chiral mediums," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 120-121 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, "A chiral route to negative refraction," Science 306, 1352-1355 (2004).

Qui, C. W.

C.-W. Qui, H.-Y. Yao, S. Zouhdi, L.-W. Li, and M.-S. Liong, "On the constitutive relations of G-chiral media and the potential to realize negative-index media," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 482534-2538 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yao, H. Y.

C.-W. Qui, H.-Y. Yao, S. Zouhdi, L.-W. Li, and M.-S. Liong, "On the constitutive relations of G-chiral media and the potential to realize negative-index media," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 482534-2538 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zouhdi, S.

C.-W. Qui, H.-Y. Yao, S. Zouhdi, L.-W. Li, and M.-S. Liong, "On the constitutive relations of G-chiral media and the potential to realize negative-index media," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 482534-2538 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

"EM Reflection from Chiral Material," Appl. Surf. Sci. 225, 1-409 (2004).

Can. J. Phys. (1)

P. Crittenden and E. Bahar, "A modal solution for reflection and transmission at a chiral-chiral interface," Can. J. Phys. 83, 1267-1290 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. (2)

C.-W. Qui, H.-Y. Yao, S. Zouhdi, L.-W. Li, and M.-S. Liong, "On the constitutive relations of G-chiral media and the potential to realize negative-index media," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 482534-2538 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Mackay, "Plane waves with negative phase velocity in isotropic chiral mediums," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 120-121 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

Q. Cheng and T. J. Cui, "Negative refractions in uniaxially anisotropic chiral media," Phys. Rev. B 73, 113104-1-113104-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

E. Bahar, "Application of the Mueller matrix and near-field measurements to detect and identify trace species in drugs and threat agents," in Advanced Environmental, Chemical and Biological Sensing Technologies III, Proc. SPIE 5993, GI-G8 (2005).

Science (1)

J. B. Pendry, "A chiral route to negative refraction," Science 306, 1352-1355 (2004).

Other (5)

E. Bahar and N. Ianno, "Complex media characterized by chirality and negative refractive index, analysis and applications," J. Nanophotonics 1, 013509 (2007).

E. Bahar and N. Ianno, "Complex media characterized by chirality and negative refractive index," presented at the SPIE Conference on Optics and Photonics, Aug. 13-17 2006, San Diego, Calif., paper 6320-22.

EM Wave Propagating in Chiral Media via the Born-Fedorov Formalism (Facultad De Ingenieria, 2003), vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 3-9.

L. Barron, Molecular Light Scattering and Optical Activity, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 2004).

G. Eleftheriades and K. Balmain, Negative Refraction Metamaterials, Fundamental Principles and Applications (IEEE Press, Wiley Interscience, 2005).

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