Abstract

Coherent-population-trapping resonances within the degenerate two-level system of the F=2F=1 transition of the RbD187 line were investigated in an uncoated Rb vapor cell by means of level-crossing-type experiments. Tuning over the two-photon resonance is achieved sweeping a magnetic field around zero value. The influence of transverse magnetic fields on the amplitude and the width of the resonances, recorded in fluorescence and absorption, were investigated in the cases of excitation with linear, circular, and elliptical laser light polarization. A theoretical analysis was performed for the case of linearly polarized excitation, the results of which are in good agreement with the experiment.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Arimondo, "Coherent population trapping in laser spectroscopy," Prog. Opt. 35, 257-354 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, "Coherent population trapping with losses observed on the Hanle effect of the D1 sodium line," Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710-3718 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yashcuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, "Double resonance atomic magnetometer," Laser Phys. 6, 244-257 (1996).
  5. I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, "A sub-femtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer," Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Dupont-Roc, S. Haroche, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Detection of very weak magnetic field (10-9 G) by 87Rb zero field level-crossing resonances," Phys. Lett. 28A, 638-639 (1969).
  7. G. Bison, R. Wynands, and A. Weis, "A laser pumped magnetometer for the mapping of human cardiomagnetic fields," Appl. Phys. B 76, 325-328 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Wynands and A. Nagel, "Precision spectroscopy with coherent dark states," Appl. Phys. B 68, 1-25 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparancy," Phys. Today 50(7), 36-42 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and H. Sorel, J. Phys. III 4, 401-406 (1994).
  12. F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizo, and G. Modugno, "Line-shape of dark line and laser emission profile in CPT," Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53-59 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Taichanaichev, A. Tumaikin, V. Yudin, M. Stähler, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Holberg, "Nonlinear resonance line shapes: Dependence on the transverse intensity distribution of the light beam," Phys. Rev. A 69, 024501 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Javan, O. Kocharovskaya, H. Lee, and M. Scully, "Narrowing of electromagnetically induced transparency resonance in a Doppler-broadened medium," Phys. Rev. A 66, 013805 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Weis, S. Kanorsky, M. Arndt, and T. W. Hänsch, "Spin physics in solid helium: experimental results and applications," Z. Phys. B: Condens. Matter 98, 319-362 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, "Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs," Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, M. Zubairy, and G. R. Welch, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of elliptically polarized light," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043805 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. V. Brazhnikov, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, and A. V. Taichenachev, "Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency in magneto-optical resonances in elliptically polarized field," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 57-64 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, V. I. Yudin, S. A. Zibrov, Ya. O. Dudin, V. V. Vasil'ev, and V. L. Velichansky, "Features of magneto-optical resonances in an elliptically polarized traveling light wave," JETP Lett. 83, 64-68 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Dyakonov and V. Perel, "On the theory of a gas laser in magnetic field," Opt. Spectrosc. 20, 472-480 (1966).
  21. B. Decomps, M. Dumont, and M. Ducloy, Laser Spectroscopy of Atoms and Molecules (Springer-Verlag, 1976).
  22. M. Dyakonov and V. Perel, "On the resonance scattering of a gase in magnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 47, 1483-1494 (1964).
  23. M. Ducloy and M. Dumont, "Etude du transfert dexcitation par emissionspontanee," J. Phys. (Paris) 31, 419-427 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  24. S. Stenholm, Foundations of Laser Spectroscopy (Wiley-Interscience, 1984).
  25. E. Alipieva, S. Gateva, E. Taskova, and S. Cartaleva, "Narrow structure in the CPT resonance in Rb," Opt. Lett. 28, 1817-1819 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, V. I. Yudin, S. A. Zibrov, Ya. O. Dudin, V. V. Vasil'ev, and V. L. Velichansky, "Features of magneto-optical resonances in an elliptically polarized traveling light wave," JETP Lett. 83, 64-68 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

A. Taichanaichev, A. Tumaikin, V. Yudin, M. Stähler, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Holberg, "Nonlinear resonance line shapes: Dependence on the transverse intensity distribution of the light beam," Phys. Rev. A 69, 024501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (5)

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, M. Zubairy, and G. R. Welch, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of elliptically polarized light," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, "A sub-femtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer," Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Bison, R. Wynands, and A. Weis, "A laser pumped magnetometer for the mapping of human cardiomagnetic fields," Appl. Phys. B 76, 325-328 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Alipieva, S. Gateva, E. Taskova, and S. Cartaleva, "Narrow structure in the CPT resonance in Rb," Opt. Lett. 28, 1817-1819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yashcuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, "Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs," Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Javan, O. Kocharovskaya, H. Lee, and M. Scully, "Narrowing of electromagnetically induced transparency resonance in a Doppler-broadened medium," Phys. Rev. A 66, 013805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizo, and G. Modugno, "Line-shape of dark line and laser emission profile in CPT," Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53-59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. Wynands and A. Nagel, "Precision spectroscopy with coherent dark states," Appl. Phys. B 68, 1-25 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, "Coherent population trapping with losses observed on the Hanle effect of the D1 sodium line," Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710-3718 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparancy," Phys. Today 50(7), 36-42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

E. Arimondo, "Coherent population trapping in laser spectroscopy," Prog. Opt. 35, 257-354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, "Double resonance atomic magnetometer," Laser Phys. 6, 244-257 (1996).

1995 (1)

A. Weis, S. Kanorsky, M. Arndt, and T. W. Hänsch, "Spin physics in solid helium: experimental results and applications," Z. Phys. B: Condens. Matter 98, 319-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and H. Sorel, J. Phys. III 4, 401-406 (1994).

1970 (1)

M. Ducloy and M. Dumont, "Etude du transfert dexcitation par emissionspontanee," J. Phys. (Paris) 31, 419-427 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

J. Dupont-Roc, S. Haroche, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Detection of very weak magnetic field (10-9 G) by 87Rb zero field level-crossing resonances," Phys. Lett. 28A, 638-639 (1969).

1966 (1)

M. Dyakonov and V. Perel, "On the theory of a gas laser in magnetic field," Opt. Spectrosc. 20, 472-480 (1966).

1964 (1)

M. Dyakonov and V. Perel, "On the resonance scattering of a gase in magnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 47, 1483-1494 (1964).

Alexandrov, E. B.

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, "Double resonance atomic magnetometer," Laser Phys. 6, 244-257 (1996).

Alipieva, E.

Allred, J. C.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, "A sub-femtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer," Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreeva, C.

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, "Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs," Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Arimondo, E.

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, "Coherent population trapping with losses observed on the Hanle effect of the D1 sodium line," Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710-3718 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Arimondo, "Coherent population trapping in laser spectroscopy," Prog. Opt. 35, 257-354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Arndt, M.

A. Weis, S. Kanorsky, M. Arndt, and T. W. Hänsch, "Spin physics in solid helium: experimental results and applications," Z. Phys. B: Condens. Matter 98, 319-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Balabas, M. V.

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, "Double resonance atomic magnetometer," Laser Phys. 6, 244-257 (1996).

Bevilacqua, G.

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Biancalana, V.

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, "Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs," Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bison, G.

G. Bison, R. Wynands, and A. Weis, "A laser pumped magnetometer for the mapping of human cardiomagnetic fields," Appl. Phys. B 76, 325-328 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brazhnikov, D. V.

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, V. I. Yudin, S. A. Zibrov, Ya. O. Dudin, V. V. Vasil'ev, and V. L. Velichansky, "Features of magneto-optical resonances in an elliptically polarized traveling light wave," JETP Lett. 83, 64-68 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, and A. V. Taichenachev, "Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency in magneto-optical resonances in elliptically polarized field," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 57-64 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Budker, D.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yashcuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Burchianti, A.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, "Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs," Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cartaleva, S.

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Alipieva, S. Gateva, E. Taskova, and S. Cartaleva, "Narrow structure in the CPT resonance in Rb," Opt. Lett. 28, 1817-1819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, "Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs," Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cheron, B.

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and H. Sorel, J. Phys. III 4, 401-406 (1994).

Cohen-Tannoudji, C.

J. Dupont-Roc, S. Haroche, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Detection of very weak magnetic field (10-9 G) by 87Rb zero field level-crossing resonances," Phys. Lett. 28A, 638-639 (1969).

Dancheva, Y.

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, "Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs," Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Decomps, B.

B. Decomps, M. Dumont, and M. Ducloy, Laser Spectroscopy of Atoms and Molecules (Springer-Verlag, 1976).

Ducloy, M.

M. Ducloy and M. Dumont, "Etude du transfert dexcitation par emissionspontanee," J. Phys. (Paris) 31, 419-427 (1970).
[CrossRef]

B. Decomps, M. Dumont, and M. Ducloy, Laser Spectroscopy of Atoms and Molecules (Springer-Verlag, 1976).

Dudin, Ya. O.

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, V. I. Yudin, S. A. Zibrov, Ya. O. Dudin, V. V. Vasil'ev, and V. L. Velichansky, "Features of magneto-optical resonances in an elliptically polarized traveling light wave," JETP Lett. 83, 64-68 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dumont, M.

M. Ducloy and M. Dumont, "Etude du transfert dexcitation par emissionspontanee," J. Phys. (Paris) 31, 419-427 (1970).
[CrossRef]

B. Decomps, M. Dumont, and M. Ducloy, Laser Spectroscopy of Atoms and Molecules (Springer-Verlag, 1976).

Dupont-Roc, J.

J. Dupont-Roc, S. Haroche, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Detection of very weak magnetic field (10-9 G) by 87Rb zero field level-crossing resonances," Phys. Lett. 28A, 638-639 (1969).

Dyakonov, M.

M. Dyakonov and V. Perel, "On the theory of a gas laser in magnetic field," Opt. Spectrosc. 20, 472-480 (1966).

M. Dyakonov and V. Perel, "On the resonance scattering of a gase in magnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 47, 1483-1494 (1964).

Gateva, S.

Gawlik, W.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yashcuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gilles, H.

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and H. Sorel, J. Phys. III 4, 401-406 (1994).

Godone, A.

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizo, and G. Modugno, "Line-shape of dark line and laser emission profile in CPT," Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53-59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hamel, J.

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and H. Sorel, J. Phys. III 4, 401-406 (1994).

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Weis, S. Kanorsky, M. Arndt, and T. W. Hänsch, "Spin physics in solid helium: experimental results and applications," Z. Phys. B: Condens. Matter 98, 319-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Haroche, S.

J. Dupont-Roc, S. Haroche, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Detection of very weak magnetic field (10-9 G) by 87Rb zero field level-crossing resonances," Phys. Lett. 28A, 638-639 (1969).

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparancy," Phys. Today 50(7), 36-42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Holberg, L.

A. Taichanaichev, A. Tumaikin, V. Yudin, M. Stähler, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Holberg, "Nonlinear resonance line shapes: Dependence on the transverse intensity distribution of the light beam," Phys. Rev. A 69, 024501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Javan, A.

A. Javan, O. Kocharovskaya, H. Lee, and M. Scully, "Narrowing of electromagnetically induced transparency resonance in a Doppler-broadened medium," Phys. Rev. A 66, 013805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kanorsky, S.

A. Weis, S. Kanorsky, M. Arndt, and T. W. Hänsch, "Spin physics in solid helium: experimental results and applications," Z. Phys. B: Condens. Matter 98, 319-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Karaulanov, T.

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kimball, D.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yashcuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kitching, J.

A. Taichanaichev, A. Tumaikin, V. Yudin, M. Stähler, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Holberg, "Nonlinear resonance line shapes: Dependence on the transverse intensity distribution of the light beam," Phys. Rev. A 69, 024501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kocharovskaya, O.

A. Javan, O. Kocharovskaya, H. Lee, and M. Scully, "Narrowing of electromagnetically induced transparency resonance in a Doppler-broadened medium," Phys. Rev. A 66, 013805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kominis, I. K.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, "A sub-femtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer," Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kornack, T. W.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, "A sub-femtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer," Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H.

A. Javan, O. Kocharovskaya, H. Lee, and M. Scully, "Narrowing of electromagnetically induced transparency resonance in a Doppler-broadened medium," Phys. Rev. A 66, 013805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Levi, F.

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizo, and G. Modugno, "Line-shape of dark line and laser emission profile in CPT," Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53-59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Maichen, W.

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, "Coherent population trapping with losses observed on the Hanle effect of the D1 sodium line," Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710-3718 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Marinelli, C.

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, "Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs," Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mariotti, E.

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, "Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs," Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Matsko, A. B.

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, M. Zubairy, and G. R. Welch, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of elliptically polarized light," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Micalizo, S.

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizo, and G. Modugno, "Line-shape of dark line and laser emission profile in CPT," Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53-59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Modugno, G.

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizo, and G. Modugno, "Line-shape of dark line and laser emission profile in CPT," Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53-59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moi, L.

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, "Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs," Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moreau, O.

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and H. Sorel, J. Phys. III 4, 401-406 (1994).

Nagel, A.

R. Wynands and A. Nagel, "Precision spectroscopy with coherent dark states," Appl. Phys. B 68, 1-25 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nasyrov, K.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, "Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs," Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Novikova, I.

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, M. Zubairy, and G. R. Welch, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of elliptically polarized light," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pasgalev, A. S.

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, "Double resonance atomic magnetometer," Laser Phys. 6, 244-257 (1996).

Perel, V.

M. Dyakonov and V. Perel, "On the theory of a gas laser in magnetic field," Opt. Spectrosc. 20, 472-480 (1966).

M. Dyakonov and V. Perel, "On the resonance scattering of a gase in magnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 47, 1483-1494 (1964).

Renzoni, F.

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, "Coherent population trapping with losses observed on the Hanle effect of the D1 sodium line," Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710-3718 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rochester, S.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yashcuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Romalis, M. V.

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, "A sub-femtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer," Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scully, M.

A. Javan, O. Kocharovskaya, H. Lee, and M. Scully, "Narrowing of electromagnetically induced transparency resonance in a Doppler-broadened medium," Phys. Rev. A 66, 013805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sorel, H.

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and H. Sorel, J. Phys. III 4, 401-406 (1994).

Stähler, M.

A. Taichanaichev, A. Tumaikin, V. Yudin, M. Stähler, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Holberg, "Nonlinear resonance line shapes: Dependence on the transverse intensity distribution of the light beam," Phys. Rev. A 69, 024501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stenholm, S.

S. Stenholm, Foundations of Laser Spectroscopy (Wiley-Interscience, 1984).

Taichanaichev, A.

A. Taichanaichev, A. Tumaikin, V. Yudin, M. Stähler, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Holberg, "Nonlinear resonance line shapes: Dependence on the transverse intensity distribution of the light beam," Phys. Rev. A 69, 024501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taichenachev, A. V.

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, V. I. Yudin, S. A. Zibrov, Ya. O. Dudin, V. V. Vasil'ev, and V. L. Velichansky, "Features of magneto-optical resonances in an elliptically polarized traveling light wave," JETP Lett. 83, 64-68 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, and A. V. Taichenachev, "Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency in magneto-optical resonances in elliptically polarized field," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 57-64 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taskova, E.

Tumaikin, A.

A. Taichanaichev, A. Tumaikin, V. Yudin, M. Stähler, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Holberg, "Nonlinear resonance line shapes: Dependence on the transverse intensity distribution of the light beam," Phys. Rev. A 69, 024501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tumaikin, A. M.

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, V. I. Yudin, S. A. Zibrov, Ya. O. Dudin, V. V. Vasil'ev, and V. L. Velichansky, "Features of magneto-optical resonances in an elliptically polarized traveling light wave," JETP Lett. 83, 64-68 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, and A. V. Taichenachev, "Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency in magneto-optical resonances in elliptically polarized field," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 57-64 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vanier, J.

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizo, and G. Modugno, "Line-shape of dark line and laser emission profile in CPT," Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53-59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vasil'ev, V. V.

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, V. I. Yudin, S. A. Zibrov, Ya. O. Dudin, V. V. Vasil'ev, and V. L. Velichansky, "Features of magneto-optical resonances in an elliptically polarized traveling light wave," JETP Lett. 83, 64-68 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Velichansky, V. L.

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, V. I. Yudin, S. A. Zibrov, Ya. O. Dudin, V. V. Vasil'ev, and V. L. Velichansky, "Features of magneto-optical resonances in an elliptically polarized traveling light wave," JETP Lett. 83, 64-68 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vershovskii, A. K.

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, "Double resonance atomic magnetometer," Laser Phys. 6, 244-257 (1996).

Weis, A.

G. Bison, R. Wynands, and A. Weis, "A laser pumped magnetometer for the mapping of human cardiomagnetic fields," Appl. Phys. B 76, 325-328 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yashcuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Weis, S. Kanorsky, M. Arndt, and T. W. Hänsch, "Spin physics in solid helium: experimental results and applications," Z. Phys. B: Condens. Matter 98, 319-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Welch, G. R.

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, M. Zubairy, and G. R. Welch, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of elliptically polarized light," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Windholz, L.

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, "Coherent population trapping with losses observed on the Hanle effect of the D1 sodium line," Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710-3718 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wynands, R.

A. Taichanaichev, A. Tumaikin, V. Yudin, M. Stähler, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Holberg, "Nonlinear resonance line shapes: Dependence on the transverse intensity distribution of the light beam," Phys. Rev. A 69, 024501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Bison, R. Wynands, and A. Weis, "A laser pumped magnetometer for the mapping of human cardiomagnetic fields," Appl. Phys. B 76, 325-328 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Wynands and A. Nagel, "Precision spectroscopy with coherent dark states," Appl. Phys. B 68, 1-25 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yakobson, N. N.

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, "Double resonance atomic magnetometer," Laser Phys. 6, 244-257 (1996).

Yashcuk, V.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yashcuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yudin, V.

A. Taichanaichev, A. Tumaikin, V. Yudin, M. Stähler, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Holberg, "Nonlinear resonance line shapes: Dependence on the transverse intensity distribution of the light beam," Phys. Rev. A 69, 024501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yudin, V. I.

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, V. I. Yudin, S. A. Zibrov, Ya. O. Dudin, V. V. Vasil'ev, and V. L. Velichansky, "Features of magneto-optical resonances in an elliptically polarized traveling light wave," JETP Lett. 83, 64-68 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, and A. V. Taichenachev, "Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency in magneto-optical resonances in elliptically polarized field," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 57-64 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zibrov, S. A.

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, V. I. Yudin, S. A. Zibrov, Ya. O. Dudin, V. V. Vasil'ev, and V. L. Velichansky, "Features of magneto-optical resonances in an elliptically polarized traveling light wave," JETP Lett. 83, 64-68 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zubairy, M.

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, M. Zubairy, and G. R. Welch, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of elliptically polarized light," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

G. Bison, R. Wynands, and A. Weis, "A laser pumped magnetometer for the mapping of human cardiomagnetic fields," Appl. Phys. B 76, 325-328 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Wynands and A. Nagel, "Precision spectroscopy with coherent dark states," Appl. Phys. B 68, 1-25 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, G. Bevilacqua, V. Biancalana, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, T. Karaulanov, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, "Two-color coherent population trapping in a single Cs hyperfine transition, with application in magnetometry," Appl. Phys. B 76, 667-675 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

F. Levi, A. Godone, J. Vanier, S. Micalizo, and G. Modugno, "Line-shape of dark line and laser emission profile in CPT," Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 53-59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. (Paris) (1)

M. Ducloy and M. Dumont, "Etude du transfert dexcitation par emissionspontanee," J. Phys. (Paris) 31, 419-427 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. III (1)

B. Cheron, H. Gilles, J. Hamel, O. Moreau, and H. Sorel, J. Phys. III 4, 401-406 (1994).

JETP Lett. (1)

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, V. I. Yudin, S. A. Zibrov, Ya. O. Dudin, V. V. Vasil'ev, and V. L. Velichansky, "Features of magneto-optical resonances in an elliptically polarized traveling light wave," JETP Lett. 83, 64-68 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, "Double resonance atomic magnetometer," Laser Phys. 6, 244-257 (1996).

Nature (1)

I. K. Kominis, T. W. Kornack, J. C. Allred, and M. V. Romalis, "A sub-femtotesla multichannel atomic magnetometer," Nature 422, 596-599 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

M. Dyakonov and V. Perel, "On the theory of a gas laser in magnetic field," Opt. Spectrosc. 20, 472-480 (1966).

Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Dupont-Roc, S. Haroche, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Detection of very weak magnetic field (10-9 G) by 87Rb zero field level-crossing resonances," Phys. Lett. 28A, 638-639 (1969).

Phys. Rev. A (5)

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, "Coherent population trapping with losses observed on the Hanle effect of the D1 sodium line," Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710-3718 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, "Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs," Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, M. Zubairy, and G. R. Welch, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of elliptically polarized light," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Taichanaichev, A. Tumaikin, V. Yudin, M. Stähler, R. Wynands, J. Kitching, and L. Holberg, "Nonlinear resonance line shapes: Dependence on the transverse intensity distribution of the light beam," Phys. Rev. A 69, 024501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Javan, O. Kocharovskaya, H. Lee, and M. Scully, "Narrowing of electromagnetically induced transparency resonance in a Doppler-broadened medium," Phys. Rev. A 66, 013805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today (1)

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparancy," Phys. Today 50(7), 36-42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Opt. (1)

E. Arimondo, "Coherent population trapping in laser spectroscopy," Prog. Opt. 35, 257-354 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. Kimball, S. Rochester, V. Yashcuk, and A. Weis, "Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153-1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

M. Dyakonov and V. Perel, "On the resonance scattering of a gase in magnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 47, 1483-1494 (1964).

Z. Phys. B: Condens. Matter (1)

A. Weis, S. Kanorsky, M. Arndt, and T. W. Hänsch, "Spin physics in solid helium: experimental results and applications," Z. Phys. B: Condens. Matter 98, 319-362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

S. Stenholm, Foundations of Laser Spectroscopy (Wiley-Interscience, 1984).

B. Decomps, M. Dumont, and M. Ducloy, Laser Spectroscopy of Atoms and Molecules (Springer-Verlag, 1976).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. OSC, oscilloscope; PD, photodiode; FPI, Fabry–Perot etalon; λ m, lambda meter; BS, beam splitter; FG, triangle wave-frequency generator, λ 4 quarter-wave plate; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; B 0 , static MF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

CPT (dots) and EIT (curve) resonances obtained on 5 S 1 2 2 - 5 P 1 2 2 Rb 87 ( F g = 2 F e = 1 ) transition. I las = 57 μ W cm 2 (laser beam diameter 1.5 cm ); compensated laboratory MF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Excitation scheme for level-crossing CPT resonances. Polarization perpendicular to the MF B add .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Amplitude and width of the CPT resonances in dependence on B add (perpendicular to the laser polarization E las ); squares, fluorescence signal; circles, transmission signal; line-Lorentzian fit.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Excitation scheme for level-crossing CPT resonances—polarization parallel to the MF B add . The relative transition probabilities are quoted in the insets.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Amplitude and width of the CPT resonances in dependence on B add (parallel to the laser polarization).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Excitation scheme for level-crossing MF resonances in case of circular polarization.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Amplitude and width of the level-crossing MF resonances in dependence on B add in case of circular laser polarization: squares, fluorescence; circles, transmission.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

CPT resonance in case of elliptical polarization for B add = 1 , 2 G; lower curve, polarization ellipse oriented vertically; upper curve, polarization ellipse tilted around the z axis by 15°.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Splitting of the CPT resonance obtained with elliptical polarization in dependence on the additional MF B add The arrow indicates the splitting of the CPT resonance shown in Fig. 9 (lower trace).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Shape of the level-crossing MF resonance obtained in circular polarization and the CPT resonances in case of elliptical polarization with 8% deviation from the circular one.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Comparison of the calculated (curve) and experimentally obtained (squares) normalized amplitude and width of the fluorescence signal in dependence on the B add applied perpendicular to the laser beam polarization E las .

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Comparison of the calculated (curve) and experimentally obtained (squares) normalized amplitude and width of the fluorescence signal in dependence on the B add applied parallel to the laser beam polarization E las .

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f ̇ q k + Γ f ( k ) f q k = i μ B g f h 1 { q H 0 f q k + [ 1 2 ( k + q ) ( k q + 1 ) ] 1 2 H 1 f q 1 k [ 1 2 ( k q ) ( k + q + 1 ) ] 1 2 H 1 f q + 1 k } + L q k + ( 2 F f + 1 ) N f W ( v ) δ k 0 δ q 0 ,
φ ̇ q k + Γ φ ( k ) φ q k = i μ B g φ h 1 { q H 0 φ q k + [ 1 2 ( k + q ) ( k q + 1 ) ] 1 2 H 1 φ q 1 k [ 1 2 ( k q ) ( k + q + 1 ) ] 1 2 H 1 φ q + 1 k } + M q k + ( 2 F φ + 1 ) N φ W ( v ) δ k 0 δ q 0 + Γ f φ ( k ) f q k ,
ξ ̇ q k + [ Γ ξ ( k ) + i ω 0 ] ζ q k = i h 1 k k Q ( 1 ) Q H Q ( 1 ) J f + J φ + q ( 2 k + 1 ) ( k 1 k q Q q ) ( μ B g φ ( φ j φ φ ) { F f F φ k 1 k F φ } + ( 1 ) k + k ( μ B g f ( f j f f ) { F φ F f k 1 k F f } ) ξ q k + G q k .
L q k = i h 1 ( 2 F φ + 1 ) 1 2 E Q C q q Q k k [ d ξ q k + d ( ξ q k ) ( 1 ) k + k + q ] ,
C q q Q k k = ( 1 ) 2 J φ + q ( 2 F f + 1 ) 1 2 ( 2 k + 1 ) { k 1 k F f F f F φ } ( k 1 k q Q q ) ,
M q k = i h 1 ( 2 F φ + 1 ) 1 2 E Q B q q Q k k ( 1 ) κ + k [ d ξ q k + d ( ξ q k ) ( 1 ) k + k + q ] ,
B q q Q k k = ( 1 ) 2 J f + q ( 2 F φ + 1 ) 1 2 ( 2 k + 1 ) { k 1 k F φ F φ F f } ( k 1 k q Q q ) ,
G q k = i h 1 ( 2 F f + 1 ) 1 2 d E Q [ S q q Q k k f q k + ( 1 ) k + k R q q Q φ q k ] ,
R q q Q k k = ( 1 ) 2 J φ + 1 ( 2 F f + 1 ) 1 2 ( 2 k + 1 ) { k 1 k F f F φ F φ } ( k 1 k q Q q ) ,
Γ f φ ( κ ) = ( 1 ) F f + F φ + κ + 1 Γ f φ ( 0 ) ( 2 F f + 1 ) ( 2 F φ + 1 ) ( 2 J f + 1 ) × { F f F f κ F φ F φ 1 } { F f F φ 1 J φ J f I } 2 ,

Metrics