Abstract

Acceleration of electrons by a short intense linearly polarized laser pulse in the presence of a pulsed intense axial magnetic field has been studied. The electrons are injected in the direction of laser propagation. Resonance occurs between the electrons and the electric field of the laser pulse for an optimum value of the magnetic field, and the electrons are accelerated to high energy. The value of the optimum magnetic field decreases with initial electron energy. Most of the energy gain is in the longitudinal direction. The acceleration gradient increases with laser intensity.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Artemev, Yu. L. Kalackev, A. M. Prokhorov, and M. V. Fedorov, "Electron acceleration in a strong laser field and a static transverse magnetic field," JETP Lett. 47, 91-94 (1988).
  2. D. Guilietti, M. Guilietti, A. Guilietti, L. A. Gizzi, L. Labate, and P. Torrassini, "The laser-matter interaction meets the high energy physics: laser-plasma accelerators and bright X/gamma-ray sources," Laser Part. Beams 23, 309-314 (2005).
  3. V. Malka and S. Fritzler, "Electron and proton beams produced by ultra short laser pulses in the relativistic regime," Laser Part. Beams 22, 399-405 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. G. Evans, "The light that never was," Nature 333, 296 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Hora, "Particle acceleration by superposition of frequency-controlled laser pulses," Nature 333, 337-338 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Hora, Laser Plasma Physics: Forces and the Nonlinearity Principle (SPIE, 2000).
  7. T. Häuser, W. Scheid, and H. Hora, "Acceleration of electrons by intense laser pulses in vacuum," Phys. Lett. A 186, 189-192 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Hora, M. Hoelss, W. Scheid, J. W. Wang, Y. K. Ho, F. Osman, and R. Castillo, "Principle of high accuracy for the nonlinear theory of the acceleration of electrons in a vacuum by lasers at relativistic intensities," Laser Part. Beams 18, 135-144 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. V. Hartemann, J. R. Van Meter, A. L. Troha, E. C. Landahl, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. A. Baldis, A. Gupta, and A. K. Kerman, "Three-dimensional relativistic electron scattering in an ultrahigh-intensity laser focus," Phys. Rev. E 58, 5001-5012 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. C. Steinhauer and W. D. Kimura, "Slow waves in microchannel metal waveguides and application to particle acceleration," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 6, 061302 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Joshi and T. Katsouleas, "Plasma accelerators at the energy frontier and on tabletops," Phys. Today 56(6), 47-53 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. V. Hartemann, High-Field Electrodynamics (CRC Press, 2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Loeb and L. Friedland, "Autoresonance laser accelerator," Phys. Rev. A 33, 1828-1835 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, "Laser driven electron acceleration in vacuum, gases, and plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 3, 2183-2190 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. W. Hellwarth and P. Nouchi, "Focused one-cycle electromagnetic pulses," Phys. Rev. E 54, 889-895 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. Scheid and H. Hora, "On electron acceleration by plane transverse electromagnetic pulses in vacuum," Laser Part. Beams 7, 315-332 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Cheng and Z. Xu, "Vacuum laser acceleration by an ultrashort, high-intensity laser pulse with a sharp rising edge," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2116-2118 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Zawadzka, D. A. Jaroszynski, J. J. Carey, and K. Wynne, "Evanescent-wave acceleration of ultrashort electron pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2130-2132 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. E. Lin, "Photonic band gap fiber accelerator," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 4, 051301 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Hora, P. Lalousis, and S. Eliezer, "Analysis of the inverted double layers produced by nonlinear forces in a laser-produced plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1650-1652 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. Eliezer and H. Hora, "Double layers in laser-produced plasmas," Phys. Rep. 172, 339-407 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  22. O. Shorokhov and A. Pukhov, "Ion acceleration in overdense plasma by short laser pulse," Laser Part. Beams 22, 175-181 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  23. D. Patin, A. Boundier, and E. Lefevbre, "Stochastic heating in ultra high intensity laser-plasma interaction," Laser Part. Beams 23, 297-302 (2005).
  24. D. N. Gupta and C.-M. Ryu, "Electron acceleration by a circularly polarized laser pulse in the presence of an obliquely incident magnetic field in vacuum," Phys. Plasmas 12, 053103 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  25. S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  26. K. P. Singh, "Electron acceleration by an intense short pulse laser in a static magnetic field in vacuum," Phys. Rev. E 69, 056410 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  27. See http://www.lanl.gov/mst/nhmfl/magnets.shtml.
  28. L. Cicchitelli, H. Hora, and R. Postle, "Longitudinal field components for laser beams in vacuum," Phys. Rev. A 41, 3727-3732 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. H. Liu, X. T. He, and H. Hora, "Additional acceleration and collimation of relativistic electron beams by magnetic field resonance at very high intensity laser interaction," Appl. Phys. B 82, 93-97 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (5)

D. Guilietti, M. Guilietti, A. Guilietti, L. A. Gizzi, L. Labate, and P. Torrassini, "The laser-matter interaction meets the high energy physics: laser-plasma accelerators and bright X/gamma-ray sources," Laser Part. Beams 23, 309-314 (2005).

D. Patin, A. Boundier, and E. Lefevbre, "Stochastic heating in ultra high intensity laser-plasma interaction," Laser Part. Beams 23, 297-302 (2005).

D. N. Gupta and C.-M. Ryu, "Electron acceleration by a circularly polarized laser pulse in the presence of an obliquely incident magnetic field in vacuum," Phys. Plasmas 12, 053103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu, X. T. He, and H. Hora, "Additional acceleration and collimation of relativistic electron beams by magnetic field resonance at very high intensity laser interaction," Appl. Phys. B 82, 93-97 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

O. Shorokhov and A. Pukhov, "Ion acceleration in overdense plasma by short laser pulse," Laser Part. Beams 22, 175-181 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Singh, "Electron acceleration by an intense short pulse laser in a static magnetic field in vacuum," Phys. Rev. E 69, 056410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Malka and S. Fritzler, "Electron and proton beams produced by ultra short laser pulses in the relativistic regime," Laser Part. Beams 22, 399-405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

L. C. Steinhauer and W. D. Kimura, "Slow waves in microchannel metal waveguides and application to particle acceleration," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 6, 061302 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Joshi and T. Katsouleas, "Plasma accelerators at the energy frontier and on tabletops," Phys. Today 56(6), 47-53 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

J. Zawadzka, D. A. Jaroszynski, J. J. Carey, and K. Wynne, "Evanescent-wave acceleration of ultrashort electron pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2130-2132 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. E. Lin, "Photonic band gap fiber accelerator," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 4, 051301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. Hora, M. Hoelss, W. Scheid, J. W. Wang, Y. K. Ho, F. Osman, and R. Castillo, "Principle of high accuracy for the nonlinear theory of the acceleration of electrons in a vacuum by lasers at relativistic intensities," Laser Part. Beams 18, 135-144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Y. Cheng and Z. Xu, "Vacuum laser acceleration by an ultrashort, high-intensity laser pulse with a sharp rising edge," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2116-2118 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

F. V. Hartemann, J. R. Van Meter, A. L. Troha, E. C. Landahl, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. A. Baldis, A. Gupta, and A. K. Kerman, "Three-dimensional relativistic electron scattering in an ultrahigh-intensity laser focus," Phys. Rev. E 58, 5001-5012 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, "Laser driven electron acceleration in vacuum, gases, and plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 3, 2183-2190 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Hellwarth and P. Nouchi, "Focused one-cycle electromagnetic pulses," Phys. Rev. E 54, 889-895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

T. Häuser, W. Scheid, and H. Hora, "Acceleration of electrons by intense laser pulses in vacuum," Phys. Lett. A 186, 189-192 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

L. Cicchitelli, H. Hora, and R. Postle, "Longitudinal field components for laser beams in vacuum," Phys. Rev. A 41, 3727-3732 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (2)

W. Scheid and H. Hora, "On electron acceleration by plane transverse electromagnetic pulses in vacuum," Laser Part. Beams 7, 315-332 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Eliezer and H. Hora, "Double layers in laser-produced plasmas," Phys. Rep. 172, 339-407 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Artemev, Yu. L. Kalackev, A. M. Prokhorov, and M. V. Fedorov, "Electron acceleration in a strong laser field and a static transverse magnetic field," JETP Lett. 47, 91-94 (1988).

R. G. Evans, "The light that never was," Nature 333, 296 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Hora, "Particle acceleration by superposition of frequency-controlled laser pulses," Nature 333, 337-338 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

A. Loeb and L. Friedland, "Autoresonance laser accelerator," Phys. Rev. A 33, 1828-1835 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

H. Hora, P. Lalousis, and S. Eliezer, "Analysis of the inverted double layers produced by nonlinear forces in a laser-produced plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1650-1652 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Andreev, A. A.

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Apollonov, V. V.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Artemev, Yu. L. Kalackev, A. M. Prokhorov, and M. V. Fedorov, "Electron acceleration in a strong laser field and a static transverse magnetic field," JETP Lett. 47, 91-94 (1988).

Artemev, A. I.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Artemev, Yu. L. Kalackev, A. M. Prokhorov, and M. V. Fedorov, "Electron acceleration in a strong laser field and a static transverse magnetic field," JETP Lett. 47, 91-94 (1988).

Baldis, H. A.

F. V. Hartemann, J. R. Van Meter, A. L. Troha, E. C. Landahl, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. A. Baldis, A. Gupta, and A. K. Kerman, "Three-dimensional relativistic electron scattering in an ultrahigh-intensity laser focus," Phys. Rev. E 58, 5001-5012 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boundier, A.

D. Patin, A. Boundier, and E. Lefevbre, "Stochastic heating in ultra high intensity laser-plasma interaction," Laser Part. Beams 23, 297-302 (2005).

Carey, J. J.

J. Zawadzka, D. A. Jaroszynski, J. J. Carey, and K. Wynne, "Evanescent-wave acceleration of ultrashort electron pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2130-2132 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Castillo, R.

H. Hora, M. Hoelss, W. Scheid, J. W. Wang, Y. K. Ho, F. Osman, and R. Castillo, "Principle of high accuracy for the nonlinear theory of the acceleration of electrons in a vacuum by lasers at relativistic intensities," Laser Part. Beams 18, 135-144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

Y. Cheng and Z. Xu, "Vacuum laser acceleration by an ultrashort, high-intensity laser pulse with a sharp rising edge," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2116-2118 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cicchitelli, L.

L. Cicchitelli, H. Hora, and R. Postle, "Longitudinal field components for laser beams in vacuum," Phys. Rev. A 41, 3727-3732 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eliezer, S.

S. Eliezer and H. Hora, "Double layers in laser-produced plasmas," Phys. Rep. 172, 339-407 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. Hora, P. Lalousis, and S. Eliezer, "Analysis of the inverted double layers produced by nonlinear forces in a laser-produced plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1650-1652 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Esarey, E.

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, "Laser driven electron acceleration in vacuum, gases, and plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 3, 2183-2190 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Evans, R. G.

R. G. Evans, "The light that never was," Nature 333, 296 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, M. V.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Artemev, Yu. L. Kalackev, A. M. Prokhorov, and M. V. Fedorov, "Electron acceleration in a strong laser field and a static transverse magnetic field," JETP Lett. 47, 91-94 (1988).

Friedland, L.

A. Loeb and L. Friedland, "Autoresonance laser accelerator," Phys. Rev. A 33, 1828-1835 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fritzler, S.

V. Malka and S. Fritzler, "Electron and proton beams produced by ultra short laser pulses in the relativistic regime," Laser Part. Beams 22, 399-405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gizzi, L. A.

D. Guilietti, M. Guilietti, A. Guilietti, L. A. Gizzi, L. Labate, and P. Torrassini, "The laser-matter interaction meets the high energy physics: laser-plasma accelerators and bright X/gamma-ray sources," Laser Part. Beams 23, 309-314 (2005).

Guilietti, A.

D. Guilietti, M. Guilietti, A. Guilietti, L. A. Gizzi, L. Labate, and P. Torrassini, "The laser-matter interaction meets the high energy physics: laser-plasma accelerators and bright X/gamma-ray sources," Laser Part. Beams 23, 309-314 (2005).

Guilietti, D.

D. Guilietti, M. Guilietti, A. Guilietti, L. A. Gizzi, L. Labate, and P. Torrassini, "The laser-matter interaction meets the high energy physics: laser-plasma accelerators and bright X/gamma-ray sources," Laser Part. Beams 23, 309-314 (2005).

Guilietti, M.

D. Guilietti, M. Guilietti, A. Guilietti, L. A. Gizzi, L. Labate, and P. Torrassini, "The laser-matter interaction meets the high energy physics: laser-plasma accelerators and bright X/gamma-ray sources," Laser Part. Beams 23, 309-314 (2005).

Gupta, A.

F. V. Hartemann, J. R. Van Meter, A. L. Troha, E. C. Landahl, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. A. Baldis, A. Gupta, and A. K. Kerman, "Three-dimensional relativistic electron scattering in an ultrahigh-intensity laser focus," Phys. Rev. E 58, 5001-5012 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, D. N.

D. N. Gupta and C.-M. Ryu, "Electron acceleration by a circularly polarized laser pulse in the presence of an obliquely incident magnetic field in vacuum," Phys. Plasmas 12, 053103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hartemann, F. V.

F. V. Hartemann, J. R. Van Meter, A. L. Troha, E. C. Landahl, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. A. Baldis, A. Gupta, and A. K. Kerman, "Three-dimensional relativistic electron scattering in an ultrahigh-intensity laser focus," Phys. Rev. E 58, 5001-5012 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. V. Hartemann, High-Field Electrodynamics (CRC Press, 2001).
[CrossRef]

Häuser, T.

T. Häuser, W. Scheid, and H. Hora, "Acceleration of electrons by intense laser pulses in vacuum," Phys. Lett. A 186, 189-192 (1994).
[CrossRef]

He, X. T.

H. Liu, X. T. He, and H. Hora, "Additional acceleration and collimation of relativistic electron beams by magnetic field resonance at very high intensity laser interaction," Appl. Phys. B 82, 93-97 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R. W.

R. W. Hellwarth and P. Nouchi, "Focused one-cycle electromagnetic pulses," Phys. Rev. E 54, 889-895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ho, Y. K.

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Hora, M. Hoelss, W. Scheid, J. W. Wang, Y. K. Ho, F. Osman, and R. Castillo, "Principle of high accuracy for the nonlinear theory of the acceleration of electrons in a vacuum by lasers at relativistic intensities," Laser Part. Beams 18, 135-144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hoelss, M.

H. Hora, M. Hoelss, W. Scheid, J. W. Wang, Y. K. Ho, F. Osman, and R. Castillo, "Principle of high accuracy for the nonlinear theory of the acceleration of electrons in a vacuum by lasers at relativistic intensities," Laser Part. Beams 18, 135-144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hora, H.

H. Liu, X. T. He, and H. Hora, "Additional acceleration and collimation of relativistic electron beams by magnetic field resonance at very high intensity laser interaction," Appl. Phys. B 82, 93-97 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Hora, M. Hoelss, W. Scheid, J. W. Wang, Y. K. Ho, F. Osman, and R. Castillo, "Principle of high accuracy for the nonlinear theory of the acceleration of electrons in a vacuum by lasers at relativistic intensities," Laser Part. Beams 18, 135-144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Häuser, W. Scheid, and H. Hora, "Acceleration of electrons by intense laser pulses in vacuum," Phys. Lett. A 186, 189-192 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Cicchitelli, H. Hora, and R. Postle, "Longitudinal field components for laser beams in vacuum," Phys. Rev. A 41, 3727-3732 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Scheid and H. Hora, "On electron acceleration by plane transverse electromagnetic pulses in vacuum," Laser Part. Beams 7, 315-332 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Eliezer and H. Hora, "Double layers in laser-produced plasmas," Phys. Rep. 172, 339-407 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. Hora, "Particle acceleration by superposition of frequency-controlled laser pulses," Nature 333, 337-338 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Hora, P. Lalousis, and S. Eliezer, "Analysis of the inverted double layers produced by nonlinear forces in a laser-produced plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1650-1652 (1984).
[CrossRef]

H. Hora, Laser Plasma Physics: Forces and the Nonlinearity Principle (SPIE, 2000).

Jaroszynski, D. A.

J. Zawadzka, D. A. Jaroszynski, J. J. Carey, and K. Wynne, "Evanescent-wave acceleration of ultrashort electron pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2130-2132 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, C.

C. Joshi and T. Katsouleas, "Plasma accelerators at the energy frontier and on tabletops," Phys. Today 56(6), 47-53 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kalackev, Yu. L.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Artemev, Yu. L. Kalackev, A. M. Prokhorov, and M. V. Fedorov, "Electron acceleration in a strong laser field and a static transverse magnetic field," JETP Lett. 47, 91-94 (1988).

Katsouleas, T.

C. Joshi and T. Katsouleas, "Plasma accelerators at the energy frontier and on tabletops," Phys. Today 56(6), 47-53 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kerman, A. K.

F. V. Hartemann, J. R. Van Meter, A. L. Troha, E. C. Landahl, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. A. Baldis, A. Gupta, and A. K. Kerman, "Three-dimensional relativistic electron scattering in an ultrahigh-intensity laser focus," Phys. Rev. E 58, 5001-5012 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, W. D.

L. C. Steinhauer and W. D. Kimura, "Slow waves in microchannel metal waveguides and application to particle acceleration," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 6, 061302 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kong, Q.

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krall, J.

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, "Laser driven electron acceleration in vacuum, gases, and plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 3, 2183-2190 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Labate, L.

D. Guilietti, M. Guilietti, A. Guilietti, L. A. Gizzi, L. Labate, and P. Torrassini, "The laser-matter interaction meets the high energy physics: laser-plasma accelerators and bright X/gamma-ray sources," Laser Part. Beams 23, 309-314 (2005).

Lalousis, P.

H. Hora, P. Lalousis, and S. Eliezer, "Analysis of the inverted double layers produced by nonlinear forces in a laser-produced plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1650-1652 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Landahl, E. C.

F. V. Hartemann, J. R. Van Meter, A. L. Troha, E. C. Landahl, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. A. Baldis, A. Gupta, and A. K. Kerman, "Three-dimensional relativistic electron scattering in an ultrahigh-intensity laser focus," Phys. Rev. E 58, 5001-5012 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lefevbre, E.

D. Patin, A. Boundier, and E. Lefevbre, "Stochastic heating in ultra high intensity laser-plasma interaction," Laser Part. Beams 23, 297-302 (2005).

Limpouch, J.

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X. E.

X. E. Lin, "Photonic band gap fiber accelerator," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 4, 051301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

H. Liu, X. T. He, and H. Hora, "Additional acceleration and collimation of relativistic electron beams by magnetic field resonance at very high intensity laser interaction," Appl. Phys. B 82, 93-97 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Loeb, A.

A. Loeb and L. Friedland, "Autoresonance laser accelerator," Phys. Rev. A 33, 1828-1835 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luhmann, N. C.

F. V. Hartemann, J. R. Van Meter, A. L. Troha, E. C. Landahl, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. A. Baldis, A. Gupta, and A. K. Kerman, "Three-dimensional relativistic electron scattering in an ultrahigh-intensity laser focus," Phys. Rev. E 58, 5001-5012 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Malka, V.

V. Malka and S. Fritzler, "Electron and proton beams produced by ultra short laser pulses in the relativistic regime," Laser Part. Beams 22, 399-405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, S.

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyanaga, N.

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyauchi, K.

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, S.

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, K.

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nouchi, P.

R. W. Hellwarth and P. Nouchi, "Focused one-cycle electromagnetic pulses," Phys. Rev. E 54, 889-895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Osman, F.

H. Hora, M. Hoelss, W. Scheid, J. W. Wang, Y. K. Ho, F. Osman, and R. Castillo, "Principle of high accuracy for the nonlinear theory of the acceleration of electrons in a vacuum by lasers at relativistic intensities," Laser Part. Beams 18, 135-144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Patin, D.

D. Patin, A. Boundier, and E. Lefevbre, "Stochastic heating in ultra high intensity laser-plasma interaction," Laser Part. Beams 23, 297-302 (2005).

Postle, R.

L. Cicchitelli, H. Hora, and R. Postle, "Longitudinal field components for laser beams in vacuum," Phys. Rev. A 41, 3727-3732 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prokhorov, A. M.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Artemev, Yu. L. Kalackev, A. M. Prokhorov, and M. V. Fedorov, "Electron acceleration in a strong laser field and a static transverse magnetic field," JETP Lett. 47, 91-94 (1988).

Pukhov, A.

O. Shorokhov and A. Pukhov, "Ion acceleration in overdense plasma by short laser pulse," Laser Part. Beams 22, 175-181 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, C.-M.

D. N. Gupta and C.-M. Ryu, "Electron acceleration by a circularly polarized laser pulse in the presence of an obliquely incident magnetic field in vacuum," Phys. Plasmas 12, 053103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, K.

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scheid, W.

H. Hora, M. Hoelss, W. Scheid, J. W. Wang, Y. K. Ho, F. Osman, and R. Castillo, "Principle of high accuracy for the nonlinear theory of the acceleration of electrons in a vacuum by lasers at relativistic intensities," Laser Part. Beams 18, 135-144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Häuser, W. Scheid, and H. Hora, "Acceleration of electrons by intense laser pulses in vacuum," Phys. Lett. A 186, 189-192 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Scheid and H. Hora, "On electron acceleration by plane transverse electromagnetic pulses in vacuum," Laser Part. Beams 7, 315-332 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shorokhov, O.

O. Shorokhov and A. Pukhov, "Ion acceleration in overdense plasma by short laser pulse," Laser Part. Beams 22, 175-181 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Singh, K. P.

K. P. Singh, "Electron acceleration by an intense short pulse laser in a static magnetic field in vacuum," Phys. Rev. E 69, 056410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sonobe, R.

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sprangle, P.

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, "Laser driven electron acceleration in vacuum, gases, and plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 3, 2183-2190 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Steinhauer, L. C.

L. C. Steinhauer and W. D. Kimura, "Slow waves in microchannel metal waveguides and application to particle acceleration," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 6, 061302 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Torrassini, P.

D. Guilietti, M. Guilietti, A. Guilietti, L. A. Gizzi, L. Labate, and P. Torrassini, "The laser-matter interaction meets the high energy physics: laser-plasma accelerators and bright X/gamma-ray sources," Laser Part. Beams 23, 309-314 (2005).

Troha, A. L.

F. V. Hartemann, J. R. Van Meter, A. L. Troha, E. C. Landahl, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. A. Baldis, A. Gupta, and A. K. Kerman, "Three-dimensional relativistic electron scattering in an ultrahigh-intensity laser focus," Phys. Rev. E 58, 5001-5012 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Van Meter, J. R.

F. V. Hartemann, J. R. Van Meter, A. L. Troha, E. C. Landahl, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. A. Baldis, A. Gupta, and A. K. Kerman, "Three-dimensional relativistic electron scattering in an ultrahigh-intensity laser focus," Phys. Rev. E 58, 5001-5012 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. W.

H. Hora, M. Hoelss, W. Scheid, J. W. Wang, Y. K. Ho, F. Osman, and R. Castillo, "Principle of high accuracy for the nonlinear theory of the acceleration of electrons in a vacuum by lasers at relativistic intensities," Laser Part. Beams 18, 135-144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wynne, K.

J. Zawadzka, D. A. Jaroszynski, J. J. Carey, and K. Wynne, "Evanescent-wave acceleration of ultrashort electron pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2130-2132 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Y. Cheng and Z. Xu, "Vacuum laser acceleration by an ultrashort, high-intensity laser pulse with a sharp rising edge," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2116-2118 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zawadzka, J.

J. Zawadzka, D. A. Jaroszynski, J. J. Carey, and K. Wynne, "Evanescent-wave acceleration of ultrashort electron pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2130-2132 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. Liu, X. T. He, and H. Hora, "Additional acceleration and collimation of relativistic electron beams by magnetic field resonance at very high intensity laser interaction," Appl. Phys. B 82, 93-97 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Cheng and Z. Xu, "Vacuum laser acceleration by an ultrashort, high-intensity laser pulse with a sharp rising edge," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2116-2118 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Zawadzka, D. A. Jaroszynski, J. J. Carey, and K. Wynne, "Evanescent-wave acceleration of ultrashort electron pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2130-2132 (2001).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Artemev, Yu. L. Kalackev, A. M. Prokhorov, and M. V. Fedorov, "Electron acceleration in a strong laser field and a static transverse magnetic field," JETP Lett. 47, 91-94 (1988).

Laser Part. Beams (7)

D. Guilietti, M. Guilietti, A. Guilietti, L. A. Gizzi, L. Labate, and P. Torrassini, "The laser-matter interaction meets the high energy physics: laser-plasma accelerators and bright X/gamma-ray sources," Laser Part. Beams 23, 309-314 (2005).

V. Malka and S. Fritzler, "Electron and proton beams produced by ultra short laser pulses in the relativistic regime," Laser Part. Beams 22, 399-405 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Hora, M. Hoelss, W. Scheid, J. W. Wang, Y. K. Ho, F. Osman, and R. Castillo, "Principle of high accuracy for the nonlinear theory of the acceleration of electrons in a vacuum by lasers at relativistic intensities," Laser Part. Beams 18, 135-144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Scheid and H. Hora, "On electron acceleration by plane transverse electromagnetic pulses in vacuum," Laser Part. Beams 7, 315-332 (1989).
[CrossRef]

O. Shorokhov and A. Pukhov, "Ion acceleration in overdense plasma by short laser pulse," Laser Part. Beams 22, 175-181 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Patin, A. Boundier, and E. Lefevbre, "Stochastic heating in ultra high intensity laser-plasma interaction," Laser Part. Beams 23, 297-302 (2005).

S. Kawata, Q. Kong, S. Miyazaki, K. Miyauchi, , R. Sonobe, K. Sakai, K. Nakajima, S. Masuda, Y. K. Ho, N. Miyanaga, J. Limpouch, and A. A. Andreev, "Electron bunch acceleration and trapping by ponderomotive force of an intense short-pulse laser," Laser Part. Beams 23, 61-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

R. G. Evans, "The light that never was," Nature 333, 296 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Hora, "Particle acceleration by superposition of frequency-controlled laser pulses," Nature 333, 337-338 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Lett. A (1)

T. Häuser, W. Scheid, and H. Hora, "Acceleration of electrons by intense laser pulses in vacuum," Phys. Lett. A 186, 189-192 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Plasmas (2)

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and J. Krall, "Laser driven electron acceleration in vacuum, gases, and plasmas," Phys. Plasmas 3, 2183-2190 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Gupta and C.-M. Ryu, "Electron acceleration by a circularly polarized laser pulse in the presence of an obliquely incident magnetic field in vacuum," Phys. Plasmas 12, 053103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

S. Eliezer and H. Hora, "Double layers in laser-produced plasmas," Phys. Rep. 172, 339-407 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

L. Cicchitelli, H. Hora, and R. Postle, "Longitudinal field components for laser beams in vacuum," Phys. Rev. A 41, 3727-3732 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Loeb and L. Friedland, "Autoresonance laser accelerator," Phys. Rev. A 33, 1828-1835 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (3)

R. W. Hellwarth and P. Nouchi, "Focused one-cycle electromagnetic pulses," Phys. Rev. E 54, 889-895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. V. Hartemann, J. R. Van Meter, A. L. Troha, E. C. Landahl, N. C. Luhmann, Jr., H. A. Baldis, A. Gupta, and A. K. Kerman, "Three-dimensional relativistic electron scattering in an ultrahigh-intensity laser focus," Phys. Rev. E 58, 5001-5012 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Singh, "Electron acceleration by an intense short pulse laser in a static magnetic field in vacuum," Phys. Rev. E 69, 056410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Hora, P. Lalousis, and S. Eliezer, "Analysis of the inverted double layers produced by nonlinear forces in a laser-produced plasma," Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1650-1652 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams (2)

X. E. Lin, "Photonic band gap fiber accelerator," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 4, 051301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Steinhauer and W. D. Kimura, "Slow waves in microchannel metal waveguides and application to particle acceleration," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 6, 061302 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Today (1)

C. Joshi and T. Katsouleas, "Plasma accelerators at the energy frontier and on tabletops," Phys. Today 56(6), 47-53 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

F. V. Hartemann, High-Field Electrodynamics (CRC Press, 2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Hora, Laser Plasma Physics: Forces and the Nonlinearity Principle (SPIE, 2000).

See http://www.lanl.gov/mst/nhmfl/magnets.shtml.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optimum magnetic field B 0 m (kT) as a function of initial momentum P z 0 m 0 c .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Electron trajectory in a 3-D plane for I = 1.38 × 10 18 [ λ ( μ m ) ] 2 W cm 2 , P z 0 = 3 m 0 c , and B 0 m = 1.67 λ ( μ m ) kT .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Energy K (GeV) as a function of z for (a) I = 1.38 × 10 16 [ λ ( μ m ) ] 2 W cm 2 , (b) I = 1.38 × 10 18 [ λ ( μ m ) ] 2 W cm 2 , (c) I = 3.45 × 10 19 [ λ ( μ m ) ] 2 W cm 2 , and (d) I = 1.38 × 10 20 [ λ ( μ m ) ] 2 W cm 2 . Dotted, dashed, and solid curves are for P z 0 = m 0 c , 3 m 0 c , and 10 m 0 c , and B 0 m = 4.15 kT λ ( μ m ) , 1.67 λ ( μ m ) kT , and 510 T λ ( μ m ) , respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Electron trajectory in the x z plane and (b) electron energy K (GeV) as a function of z 0 . (c) Electron trajectory in the y z plane and (d) electron energy K (GeV) as a function of z 0 for I = 1.38 × 10 18 [ λ ( μ m ) ] 2 W cm 2 , P z 0 = 3 m 0 c , and B 0 m = 1.67 kT λ ( μ m ) .

Equations (11)

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E = x ̂ E x + z ̂ E z ,
E x = E 0 f cos ( ϕ ) exp { [ t ( z z L ) c ] 2 τ 2 r 2 r 0 2 f 2 } .
E z = E 0 f [ 2 x k r 0 2 f 2 sin ( ϕ ) + x z ( 1 + 1 α 2 ) cos ( ϕ ) ] exp { [ t ( z z L ) c ] 2 τ 2 r 2 r 0 2 f 2 } ,
B = y ̂ B y + z ̂ B z ,
B z = E 0 f [ 2 y k r 0 2 f 2 sin ( ϕ ) + y z ( 1 + z Z R ) cos ( ϕ ) ] exp { [ t ( z z L ) c ] 2 τ 2 r 2 r 0 2 f 2 } .
B = z ̂ B 0 exp ( t 2 τ b 2 ) ,
E b = ( x ̂ y + y ̂ x ) t τ b 2 B 0 exp ( t 2 τ b 2 ) .
d P x d t = ( v z c 1 ) e E x e v y B z + e B z y t τ b 2 ,
d P y d t = ( v z c 1 ) e E y + e v x B z e B z x t τ b 2 ,
d P z d t = e c ( v x E x + v y E y ) .
m 0 c 2 d γ d t = e [ v x ( E x y B z t τ b 2 ) + v y ( E y + x B z t τ b 2 ) ] ,

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