Abstract

We report the production of Er impurity-doped glass nanoparticles (NPs) by laser ablation of doped glass microparticles entrained in a flowing argon aerosol. The NP composition for this process is similar to the starting feedstock material, so the manufacture of impurity-doped NP requires only an impurity-doped feedstock. In experiments, NPs with a relatively large mean size of 20nm were produced to purposely not confine the fluorescence of the impurity; however, other valuable properties of the NPs such as low-temperature sintering were retained. We measured the resulting changes in stoichiometry using energy dispersive spectroscopy in both scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. We measured the spectra from both sparsely deposited regions consisting of individual NPs and clusters of NPs, and densely deposited regions where the deposits formed nanostructured films. The spectra measured from sparse and dense deposits were similar; for samples stored for six months in atmospheric conditions, the fluorescence measured from isolated NPs was quenched, but not the fluorescence measured from the densely deposited nanostructured films. In samples in which the fluorescence was measured within weeks of deposition, the fluorescence lifetimes were found to be only 0.5ms shorter than those of the starting microparticles, indicating that the nanostructure did not significantly influence the defect or impurity quenching of the Er ions.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Danek, K. F. Jensen, C. B. Murray, and M. G. Bawendi, "Synthesis of luminescent thin-film CdSe/ZnSe quantum dot composites using CdSe quantum dots passivated with an overlayer of ZnSe," Chem. Mater. 8, 173-180 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. F. Becker, J. R. Brock, and J. W. Keto, U.S. Patent 5,585,020 (1996).
  3. W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, G. Malyavanatham, M. F. Becker, and H. D. Glicksman, "Large scale production of nanocrystals by laser ablation of aerosols of microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1128-1130 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, M. P. Beam, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Synthesis of nanostructured wc films by supersonic impaction of nanoparticle aerosols," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Nanophase and Nanocomposite Materials III, S.Komarneni, JC.Parker, and H.Hahn, eds. (MRS, 2000) Vol. 581, pp. 193-198.
  5. J. Lee, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Dynamics of laser ablation of microparticles prior to nanoparticle generation," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 8146-8152 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Bimodal nanoparticle size distributions produced by laser ablation of microparticles in aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 4, 423-432 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. W. Keto, W. Nichols, D. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and D. Kovar, "Nanoparticles: building blocks for nanostructured materials," in From the Atomic to the Nano-scale, C.T.Whelan and J.H.McGuire eds. (Old Dominion U., 2003), pp. 54-62.
  8. W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, J. W. Keto, and H. D. Glicksman, "Gas and pressure dependence for the mean size of nanoparticles produced by laser ablation of flowing aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 2, 141-145 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Supersonic nanocrystal deposition for nanostructured materials," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (MRS, 2002), pp. 5.51-5.56.
  10. G. G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. Kovar, S. Euphrasie, T. Loue, and P. Pernod, "Thick films fabricated by laser ablation of PZT microparticles," J. Mater. Process. Technol. 168, 273-279 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Ealesham, R. C. Kisler, and J. M. Poate, "Optical doping of waveguide materials by MeV Er implantation," J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778-3784 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Sloof, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, "Modified spontaneous emission in erbium-doped SiO2 spherical colloids," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3585-3587 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Polman and F. C. J. van Veggel, "Broadband sensitizers for erbium-doped planar optical amplifiers: review," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 871-890 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2005

G. G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. Kovar, S. Euphrasie, T. Loue, and P. Pernod, "Thick films fabricated by laser ablation of PZT microparticles," J. Mater. Process. Technol. 168, 273-279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2002

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Bimodal nanoparticle size distributions produced by laser ablation of microparticles in aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 4, 423-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, G. Malyavanatham, M. F. Becker, and H. D. Glicksman, "Large scale production of nanocrystals by laser ablation of aerosols of microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1128-1130 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Dynamics of laser ablation of microparticles prior to nanoparticle generation," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 8146-8152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Sloof, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, "Modified spontaneous emission in erbium-doped SiO2 spherical colloids," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3585-3587 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, J. W. Keto, and H. D. Glicksman, "Gas and pressure dependence for the mean size of nanoparticles produced by laser ablation of flowing aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 2, 141-145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. Danek, K. F. Jensen, C. B. Murray, and M. G. Bawendi, "Synthesis of luminescent thin-film CdSe/ZnSe quantum dot composites using CdSe quantum dots passivated with an overlayer of ZnSe," Chem. Mater. 8, 173-180 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Ealesham, R. C. Kisler, and J. M. Poate, "Optical doping of waveguide materials by MeV Er implantation," J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778-3784 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M. G.

M. Danek, K. F. Jensen, C. B. Murray, and M. G. Bawendi, "Synthesis of luminescent thin-film CdSe/ZnSe quantum dot composites using CdSe quantum dots passivated with an overlayer of ZnSe," Chem. Mater. 8, 173-180 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Beam, M. P.

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, M. P. Beam, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Synthesis of nanostructured wc films by supersonic impaction of nanoparticle aerosols," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Nanophase and Nanocomposite Materials III, S.Komarneni, JC.Parker, and H.Hahn, eds. (MRS, 2000) Vol. 581, pp. 193-198.

Becker, M. F.

G. G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. Kovar, S. Euphrasie, T. Loue, and P. Pernod, "Thick films fabricated by laser ablation of PZT microparticles," J. Mater. Process. Technol. 168, 273-279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Bimodal nanoparticle size distributions produced by laser ablation of microparticles in aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 4, 423-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Dynamics of laser ablation of microparticles prior to nanoparticle generation," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 8146-8152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, G. Malyavanatham, M. F. Becker, and H. D. Glicksman, "Large scale production of nanocrystals by laser ablation of aerosols of microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1128-1130 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, J. W. Keto, and H. D. Glicksman, "Gas and pressure dependence for the mean size of nanoparticles produced by laser ablation of flowing aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 2, 141-145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Supersonic nanocrystal deposition for nanostructured materials," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (MRS, 2002), pp. 5.51-5.56.

M. F. Becker, J. R. Brock, and J. W. Keto, U.S. Patent 5,585,020 (1996).

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, M. P. Beam, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Synthesis of nanostructured wc films by supersonic impaction of nanoparticle aerosols," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Nanophase and Nanocomposite Materials III, S.Komarneni, JC.Parker, and H.Hahn, eds. (MRS, 2000) Vol. 581, pp. 193-198.

J. W. Keto, W. Nichols, D. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and D. Kovar, "Nanoparticles: building blocks for nanostructured materials," in From the Atomic to the Nano-scale, C.T.Whelan and J.H.McGuire eds. (Old Dominion U., 2003), pp. 54-62.

Brock, J. R.

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Bimodal nanoparticle size distributions produced by laser ablation of microparticles in aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 4, 423-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, G. Malyavanatham, M. F. Becker, and H. D. Glicksman, "Large scale production of nanocrystals by laser ablation of aerosols of microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1128-1130 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, J. W. Keto, and H. D. Glicksman, "Gas and pressure dependence for the mean size of nanoparticles produced by laser ablation of flowing aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 2, 141-145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, M. P. Beam, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Synthesis of nanostructured wc films by supersonic impaction of nanoparticle aerosols," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Nanophase and Nanocomposite Materials III, S.Komarneni, JC.Parker, and H.Hahn, eds. (MRS, 2000) Vol. 581, pp. 193-198.

M. F. Becker, J. R. Brock, and J. W. Keto, U.S. Patent 5,585,020 (1996).

Danek, M.

M. Danek, K. F. Jensen, C. B. Murray, and M. G. Bawendi, "Synthesis of luminescent thin-film CdSe/ZnSe quantum dot composites using CdSe quantum dots passivated with an overlayer of ZnSe," Chem. Mater. 8, 173-180 (1996).
[CrossRef]

de Dood, M. J. A.

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Sloof, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, "Modified spontaneous emission in erbium-doped SiO2 spherical colloids," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3585-3587 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ealesham, D. J.

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Ealesham, R. C. Kisler, and J. M. Poate, "Optical doping of waveguide materials by MeV Er implantation," J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778-3784 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Euphrasie, S.

G. G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. Kovar, S. Euphrasie, T. Loue, and P. Pernod, "Thick films fabricated by laser ablation of PZT microparticles," J. Mater. Process. Technol. 168, 273-279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Glicksman, H. D.

W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, G. Malyavanatham, M. F. Becker, and H. D. Glicksman, "Large scale production of nanocrystals by laser ablation of aerosols of microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1128-1130 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, J. W. Keto, and H. D. Glicksman, "Gas and pressure dependence for the mean size of nanoparticles produced by laser ablation of flowing aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 2, 141-145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Henneke, D. E.

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Bimodal nanoparticle size distributions produced by laser ablation of microparticles in aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 4, 423-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, G. Malyavanatham, M. F. Becker, and H. D. Glicksman, "Large scale production of nanocrystals by laser ablation of aerosols of microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1128-1130 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, J. W. Keto, and H. D. Glicksman, "Gas and pressure dependence for the mean size of nanoparticles produced by laser ablation of flowing aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 2, 141-145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, M. P. Beam, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Synthesis of nanostructured wc films by supersonic impaction of nanoparticle aerosols," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Nanophase and Nanocomposite Materials III, S.Komarneni, JC.Parker, and H.Hahn, eds. (MRS, 2000) Vol. 581, pp. 193-198.

Jacobson, D. C.

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Ealesham, R. C. Kisler, and J. M. Poate, "Optical doping of waveguide materials by MeV Er implantation," J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778-3784 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, K. F.

M. Danek, K. F. Jensen, C. B. Murray, and M. G. Bawendi, "Synthesis of luminescent thin-film CdSe/ZnSe quantum dot composites using CdSe quantum dots passivated with an overlayer of ZnSe," Chem. Mater. 8, 173-180 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keto, J. W.

G. G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. Kovar, S. Euphrasie, T. Loue, and P. Pernod, "Thick films fabricated by laser ablation of PZT microparticles," J. Mater. Process. Technol. 168, 273-279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Bimodal nanoparticle size distributions produced by laser ablation of microparticles in aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 4, 423-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Dynamics of laser ablation of microparticles prior to nanoparticle generation," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 8146-8152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, G. Malyavanatham, M. F. Becker, and H. D. Glicksman, "Large scale production of nanocrystals by laser ablation of aerosols of microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1128-1130 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, J. W. Keto, and H. D. Glicksman, "Gas and pressure dependence for the mean size of nanoparticles produced by laser ablation of flowing aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 2, 141-145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Supersonic nanocrystal deposition for nanostructured materials," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (MRS, 2002), pp. 5.51-5.56.

M. F. Becker, J. R. Brock, and J. W. Keto, U.S. Patent 5,585,020 (1996).

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, M. P. Beam, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Synthesis of nanostructured wc films by supersonic impaction of nanoparticle aerosols," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Nanophase and Nanocomposite Materials III, S.Komarneni, JC.Parker, and H.Hahn, eds. (MRS, 2000) Vol. 581, pp. 193-198.

J. W. Keto, W. Nichols, D. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and D. Kovar, "Nanoparticles: building blocks for nanostructured materials," in From the Atomic to the Nano-scale, C.T.Whelan and J.H.McGuire eds. (Old Dominion U., 2003), pp. 54-62.

Kisler, R. C.

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Ealesham, R. C. Kisler, and J. M. Poate, "Optical doping of waveguide materials by MeV Er implantation," J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778-3784 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kovar, D.

G. G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. Kovar, S. Euphrasie, T. Loue, and P. Pernod, "Thick films fabricated by laser ablation of PZT microparticles," J. Mater. Process. Technol. 168, 273-279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Keto, W. Nichols, D. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and D. Kovar, "Nanoparticles: building blocks for nanostructured materials," in From the Atomic to the Nano-scale, C.T.Whelan and J.H.McGuire eds. (Old Dominion U., 2003), pp. 54-62.

Lee, J.

J. Lee, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Dynamics of laser ablation of microparticles prior to nanoparticle generation," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 8146-8152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Loue, T.

G. G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. Kovar, S. Euphrasie, T. Loue, and P. Pernod, "Thick films fabricated by laser ablation of PZT microparticles," J. Mater. Process. Technol. 168, 273-279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Malyavanatham, G.

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Bimodal nanoparticle size distributions produced by laser ablation of microparticles in aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 4, 423-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, G. Malyavanatham, M. F. Becker, and H. D. Glicksman, "Large scale production of nanocrystals by laser ablation of aerosols of microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1128-1130 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, J. W. Keto, and H. D. Glicksman, "Gas and pressure dependence for the mean size of nanoparticles produced by laser ablation of flowing aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 2, 141-145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, M. P. Beam, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Synthesis of nanostructured wc films by supersonic impaction of nanoparticle aerosols," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Nanophase and Nanocomposite Materials III, S.Komarneni, JC.Parker, and H.Hahn, eds. (MRS, 2000) Vol. 581, pp. 193-198.

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Supersonic nanocrystal deposition for nanostructured materials," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (MRS, 2002), pp. 5.51-5.56.

Malyavanatham, G. G.

G. G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. Kovar, S. Euphrasie, T. Loue, and P. Pernod, "Thick films fabricated by laser ablation of PZT microparticles," J. Mater. Process. Technol. 168, 273-279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moroz, A.

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Sloof, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, "Modified spontaneous emission in erbium-doped SiO2 spherical colloids," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3585-3587 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Murray, C. B.

M. Danek, K. F. Jensen, C. B. Murray, and M. G. Bawendi, "Synthesis of luminescent thin-film CdSe/ZnSe quantum dot composites using CdSe quantum dots passivated with an overlayer of ZnSe," Chem. Mater. 8, 173-180 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nichols, W.

J. W. Keto, W. Nichols, D. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and D. Kovar, "Nanoparticles: building blocks for nanostructured materials," in From the Atomic to the Nano-scale, C.T.Whelan and J.H.McGuire eds. (Old Dominion U., 2003), pp. 54-62.

Nichols, W. T.

G. G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. Kovar, S. Euphrasie, T. Loue, and P. Pernod, "Thick films fabricated by laser ablation of PZT microparticles," J. Mater. Process. Technol. 168, 273-279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Bimodal nanoparticle size distributions produced by laser ablation of microparticles in aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 4, 423-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, G. Malyavanatham, M. F. Becker, and H. D. Glicksman, "Large scale production of nanocrystals by laser ablation of aerosols of microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1128-1130 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, J. W. Keto, and H. D. Glicksman, "Gas and pressure dependence for the mean size of nanoparticles produced by laser ablation of flowing aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 2, 141-145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, M. P. Beam, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Synthesis of nanostructured wc films by supersonic impaction of nanoparticle aerosols," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Nanophase and Nanocomposite Materials III, S.Komarneni, JC.Parker, and H.Hahn, eds. (MRS, 2000) Vol. 581, pp. 193-198.

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Supersonic nanocrystal deposition for nanostructured materials," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (MRS, 2002), pp. 5.51-5.56.

O'Brien, D.

J. W. Keto, W. Nichols, D. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and D. Kovar, "Nanoparticles: building blocks for nanostructured materials," in From the Atomic to the Nano-scale, C.T.Whelan and J.H.McGuire eds. (Old Dominion U., 2003), pp. 54-62.

O'Brien, D. T.

G. G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. Kovar, S. Euphrasie, T. Loue, and P. Pernod, "Thick films fabricated by laser ablation of PZT microparticles," J. Mater. Process. Technol. 168, 273-279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Supersonic nanocrystal deposition for nanostructured materials," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (MRS, 2002), pp. 5.51-5.56.

Pernod, P.

G. G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. Kovar, S. Euphrasie, T. Loue, and P. Pernod, "Thick films fabricated by laser ablation of PZT microparticles," J. Mater. Process. Technol. 168, 273-279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poate, J. M.

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Ealesham, R. C. Kisler, and J. M. Poate, "Optical doping of waveguide materials by MeV Er implantation," J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778-3784 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

A. Polman and F. C. J. van Veggel, "Broadband sensitizers for erbium-doped planar optical amplifiers: review," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 871-890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Sloof, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, "Modified spontaneous emission in erbium-doped SiO2 spherical colloids," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3585-3587 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Polman, D. C. Jacobson, D. J. Ealesham, R. C. Kisler, and J. M. Poate, "Optical doping of waveguide materials by MeV Er implantation," J. Appl. Phys. 70, 3778-3784 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sloof, L. H.

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Sloof, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, "Modified spontaneous emission in erbium-doped SiO2 spherical colloids," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3585-3587 (2001).
[CrossRef]

van Blaaderen, A.

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Sloof, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, "Modified spontaneous emission in erbium-doped SiO2 spherical colloids," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3585-3587 (2001).
[CrossRef]

van Veggel, F. C. J.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, G. Malyavanatham, M. F. Becker, and H. D. Glicksman, "Large scale production of nanocrystals by laser ablation of aerosols of microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1128-1130 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Sloof, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, "Modified spontaneous emission in erbium-doped SiO2 spherical colloids," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3585-3587 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater.

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[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

J. Lee, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Dynamics of laser ablation of microparticles prior to nanoparticle generation," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 8146-8152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Process. Technol.

G. G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, W. T. Nichols, J. W. Keto, D. Kovar, S. Euphrasie, T. Loue, and P. Pernod, "Thick films fabricated by laser ablation of PZT microparticles," J. Mater. Process. Technol. 168, 273-279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanopart. Res.

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Bimodal nanoparticle size distributions produced by laser ablation of microparticles in aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 4, 423-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, J. W. Keto, and H. D. Glicksman, "Gas and pressure dependence for the mean size of nanoparticles produced by laser ablation of flowing aerosols," J. Nanopart. Res. 2, 141-145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Other

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, D. T. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Supersonic nanocrystal deposition for nanostructured materials," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (MRS, 2002), pp. 5.51-5.56.

J. W. Keto, W. Nichols, D. O'Brien, M. F. Becker, and D. Kovar, "Nanoparticles: building blocks for nanostructured materials," in From the Atomic to the Nano-scale, C.T.Whelan and J.H.McGuire eds. (Old Dominion U., 2003), pp. 54-62.

M. F. Becker, J. R. Brock, and J. W. Keto, U.S. Patent 5,585,020 (1996).

W. T. Nichols, G. Malyavanatham, M. P. Beam, D. E. Henneke, J. R. Brock, M. F. Becker, and J. W. Keto, "Synthesis of nanostructured wc films by supersonic impaction of nanoparticle aerosols," in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Nanophase and Nanocomposite Materials III, S.Komarneni, JC.Parker, and H.Hahn, eds. (MRS, 2000) Vol. 581, pp. 193-198.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Plan-view SEM image of a dense deposition of Er-doped phosphate glass NPs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

TEM of a glass film produced by depositing a NP on a TEM carbon grid.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fluorescence of Er + in a glass NP-deposited film.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 EDS Measurements of Composition Rare-Earth and P Atoms in Atomic Percent and Normalized to 100% for the Metals

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