Abstract

Structural dispersion and nonlinearity management of multicomponent-glass photonic-crystal fibers is shown to allow wavelength-tunable frequency shifting and white-light spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses. Launching 200fs pulses of 1.25μm Cr:forsterite laser radiation into such dispersion-managed soft-glass photonic-crystal fibers in the regime of anomalous dispersion, we demonstrate spectrally tailored supercontinuum generation and frequency upshifting, yielding isolated spectral components with central wavelengths ranging from 400to900nm.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2005 (3)

2004 (5)

2003 (12)

A. M. Zheltikov, "The physical limit for the waveguide enhancement of nonlinear-optical processes," Opt. Spectrosc. 95, 410-415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, and Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four wave mixing in higher-order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Finazzi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, "The role of confinement loss in highly nonlinear silica holey fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1246-1248 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Paulsen, K. M. Hilligsøe, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11, 2440-2445 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Thielen, L. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Nguyen, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, "Small-core As Se fiber for Raman amplification," Opt. Lett. 28, 1406-1408 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Scalar modulation instability in the normal dispersion regime by use of a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 2225-2227 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, W. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 11, 3196-3201 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Petropoulos, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, D. J. Richardson, and T. M. Monro, "Highly nonlinear and anomalously dispersive lead silicate glass holey fibers," Opt. Express 11, 3568-3573 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (7)

A. N. Naumov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. V. Yakovlev, L. A. Mel'nikov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, and A. V. Shcherbakov, "Enhanced chi(3) interactions of unamplified femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in photonic-crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2183-2191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, "Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 10, 1520-1525 (2002).
[PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765-771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Self-referencing of the carrier-envelope slip in a 6-fs visible parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 27, 1241-1243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

2000 (5)

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibers," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

S. R. Friberg and P. W. Smith, "Nonlinear optical glasses for ultrafast optical switches," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 2089-2094 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akimov, D. A.

Alfimov, M.

Alfimov, M. V.

A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Femtosecond pulses in nanophotonics," Phys. Uspekhi 47, 687-704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baltuska, A.

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Self-referencing of the carrier-envelope slip in a 6-fs visible parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 27, 1241-1243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, A. Baltuska, F. Krausz, and A. M. Zheltikov, "All-optical pump-seed synchronization for low-cycle OPCPA," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005).

Beloglazov, V. I.

Biancalana, F.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bilinsky, I.

Birks, T. A.

Bouma, B.

Broderick, N. G. R.

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibers," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chandalia, J. K.

Chau, A. H. L.

Chen, H. H.

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, I.

Chen, P.

Chu, S.

Chudoba, C.

Coen, S.

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delfyett, P.

Diddams, S. A.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dudley, J. M.

Dukel'skii, K. V.

Duligall, J.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Efimov, A.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggleton, B. J.

Fallnich, C.

Fedotov, A. B.

Finazzi, V.

Foster, M. A.

Frampton, K.

Friberg, S. R.

S. R. Friberg and P. W. Smith, "Nonlinear optical glasses for ultrafast optical switches," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 2089-2094 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Self-referencing of the carrier-envelope slip in a 6-fs visible parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 27, 1241-1243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, A. Baltuska, F. Krausz, and A. M. Zheltikov, "All-optical pump-seed synchronization for low-cycle OPCPA," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005).

Fujimoto, J.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Fulconis, J.

Gaeta, A. L.

Genty, G.

George, A. K.

Golubovic, B.

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grossard, N.

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartl, I.

Harvey, J. D.

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hewak, D. W.

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibers," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Hodelin, J.

Holzwarth, R.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hundertmark, H.

Husakou, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, A. Baltuska, F. Krausz, and A. M. Zheltikov, "All-optical pump-seed synchronization for low-cycle OPCPA," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005).

Ivanov, A.

Ivanov, A. A.

A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Femtosecond pulses in nanophotonics," Phys. Uspekhi 47, 687-704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, D.

Jankovic, L.

Jones, D. J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
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H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, W. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 11, 3196-3201 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Scalar modulation instability in the normal dispersion regime by use of a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 2225-2227 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, "Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 10, 1520-1525 (2002).
[PubMed]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knox, W. H.

Ko, T. H.

Kobayashi, T.

Köhler, S.

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, A. Baltuska, F. Krausz, and A. M. Zheltikov, "All-optical pump-seed synchronization for low-cycle OPCPA," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005).

Kondrat'ev, Yu. N.

Konorov, S.

Konorov, S. O.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11, 2440-2445 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Kracht, D.

Krausz, F.

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, A. Baltuska, F. Krausz, and A. M. Zheltikov, "All-optical pump-seed synchronization for low-cycle OPCPA," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005).

Kumar, V. R. K.

Kumar, W. R. K.

Larsen, J. J.

Lee, Y. C.

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lehtonen, M.

Lenz, G.

Leonhardt, R.

Li, X. D.

Lin, B.

Liu, T.

Liu, X.

Ludvigsen, H.

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Maksimenka, R.

Mann, T. P. M.

Mel'nikov, L. A.

Metzger, T.

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, A. Baltuska, F. Krausz, and A. M. Zheltikov, "All-optical pump-seed synchronization for low-cycle OPCPA," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005).

Moll, K. D.

Monro, T. M.

V. Finazzi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, "The role of confinement loss in highly nonlinear silica holey fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1246-1248 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, D. J. Richardson, and T. M. Monro, "Highly nonlinear and anomalously dispersive lead silicate glass holey fibers," Opt. Express 11, 3568-3573 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibers," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moore, R. C.

Naumov, A. N.

Nguyen, V.

Nickel, D.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Omenetto, F. G.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, "Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 10, 1520-1525 (2002).
[PubMed]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Paulsen, H. N.

Petropoulos, P.

Provino, L.

Pureza, P.

Ranka, J. K.

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Rhanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rarity, J. G.

Reeves, W. H.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, "Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 10, 1520-1525 (2002).
[PubMed]

Rhanta, R. K.

Richardson, D. J.

V. Finazzi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, "The role of confinement loss in highly nonlinear silica holey fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1246-1248 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Petropoulos, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, D. J. Richardson, and T. M. Monro, "Highly nonlinear and anomalously dispersive lead silicate glass holey fibers," Opt. Express 11, 3568-3573 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibers," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
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Rivero, C.

Russell, P. St. J.

J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs," Opt. Express 13, 534-544 (2005).
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J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Scalar modulation instability in the normal dispersion regime by use of a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 2225-2227 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
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H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, W. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 11, 3196-3201 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, "Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 10, 1520-1525 (2002).
[PubMed]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
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Serebryannikov, E. E.

Shaw, L.

Shcherbakov, A. V.

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Skibina, N. B.

Skryabin, D. V.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
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D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

Taylor, A. J.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, "Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 10, 1520-1525 (2002).
[PubMed]

Tearney, G.

Teisset, C. Y.

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, A. Baltuska, F. Krausz, and A. M. Zheltikov, "All-optical pump-seed synchronization for low-cycle OPCPA," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005).

Thielen, P.

Thøgersen, J.

Udem, T.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wai, P. A.

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wandt, D.

West, Y. D.

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibers," Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000).
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Windeler, R. S.

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765-771 (2002).
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I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Rhanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
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S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Xu, C.

Yakovlev, V. V.

Ye, J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
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Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheltikov, A.

Zheltikov, A. M.

A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Femtosecond pulses in nanophotonics," Phys. Uspekhi 47, 687-704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, and Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four wave mixing in higher-order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
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A. M. Zheltikov, "The physical limit for the waveguide enhancement of nonlinear-optical processes," Opt. Spectrosc. 95, 410-415 (2003).
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A. N. Naumov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. V. Yakovlev, L. A. Mel'nikov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, and A. V. Shcherbakov, "Enhanced chi(3) interactions of unamplified femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in photonic-crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2183-2191 (2002).
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C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, A. Baltuska, F. Krausz, and A. M. Zheltikov, "All-optical pump-seed synchronization for low-cycle OPCPA," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005).

Electron. Lett. (1)

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W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM images of soft-glass photonic-crystal fibers. The p axis shows polarization of the input field.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Bottom, GVD as a function of the wavelength for soft-glass PCFs with the cross-section structure shown in Fig. 1 (top) and a core diameter of (1) 1.5, (2) 2, (3) 2.4, and (4) 4 μ m . Material GVD for PCF glass is shown by curve 5. Also shown is the GVD for a fiber consisting of a circular fused-silica core and an air cladding with a core diameter of (crosses, curve 6) 2 μ m and (circles, curve 7) 2.4 μ m . Material GVD for silica is shown by curve 8 (triangles) Top, the nonlinear coefficient γ as a function of the wavelengths for the same type of PCF with a core diameter of (1) 2 and (2) 2.4 μ m , compared with the nonlinear coefficients for circular fused-silica fibers with an air cladding and a core diameter of (crosses) 2 μ m and (circles) 2.4 μ m .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output spectra of a soft-glass photonic-crystal fiber with a cross-section structure shown in Fig. 1 (top) and a core diameter of (a) 2.4 and (b) 2 μ m . The input amplified Cr:forsterite laser pulse has a pulse width of 200 fs and an energy of (a) (1) 10, (2) 16, (3) 25, and (4) 40 nJ and (b) (1) 20, (2) 30, and (3) 40 nJ . The fiber length is 12 cm . Curve 5 in Fig. 3a and curve 4 in Fig. 3b show the propagation-constant mismatch δ between the soliton centered at 1.25 μ m and dispersive waves guided by the fundamental mode of the PCF as a function of the wavelength of the dispersive wave. The horizontal dashed line in Fig. 3b represents the average maximum level formally defined as the half-sum of the amplitudes of the peaks centered at 580 and 860 nm ; δ ω 20 % is the bandwidth of the output radiation measured at the level of 20% of the average maximum. (c) The entire radiation spectrum measured at the output of the first-type PCF with a core diameter of 2.0 μ m and a length of 15 cm . The energy of the input pulse is 32 nJ ; δ ω 20 dB is the width of the total output spectrum measured at the level of 20 dB of the maximum spectral intensity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity spectra of the dispersion-managed blueshifted output of soft-glass PCFs. The wavelength offset δ is 50 nm (1), 110 (2), 150 (3), 190 (4), 220 (5), and 300 nm (6).

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