Abstract

We present a model for a broadband terahertz (THz) system that employs electro-optic (EO) polymer films for THz generation via optical rectification and THz detection using EO sampling. In this model, we take the laser spectral bandwidth, pulse distortion, and the material properties of the EO medium into consideration, at both the generation and detection sites, and investigate the roles they play in affecting the performance of the THz system. This model provides us with a guide to select suitable EO materials and proper light sources for bright, broadband THz systems.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. A. Cheville and D. Grischkowsky, "Far infrared, THz time-domain spectroscopy of flames," Opt. Lett. 20, 1646-1648 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. D. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. Nuss, "T-ray imaging," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679-692 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  3. G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, "Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450-3452 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, E. Lindahl, and A. G. Davies, "Observation of far-infrared emission from excited cytosine molecules," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011105 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. W. Smye, J. M. Chamberlain, A. J. Fitzgerald, and E. Berry, "The interaction between terahertz radiation and biological tissue," Phys. Med. Biol. 46, R101-R112 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from < 110 > zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  7. Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. Fattinger and D. Grischkowsky, "Terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 490-492 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. Kubler, R. Huber, S. Tubel, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Ultrabroadband detection of multiterahertz field transients with GaSe electro-optic sensors: approaching the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3360-3362 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, "Generation of terahertz radiation from a poled polymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358-1360 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. M. Sinyukov and L. M. Hayden, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation with multilayered electro-optic polymer films," Opt. Lett. 27, 55-57 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. M. Sinyukov and L. M. Hayden, "Efficient electro-optic polymers for THz systems," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8515-8522 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. M. Sinyukov, M. R. Leahy, L. M. Hayden, M. Haller, J. Luo, A. K. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, "Resonance enhanced THz generation in electro-optic polymers near the absorption maximum," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5827-5829 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  14. H. Cao, T. F. Heinz, and A. Nahata, "Electro-optic detection of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses by use of poled polymers," Opt. Lett. 27, 775-777 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  15. X. Zheng, A. M. Sinyukov, and L. M. Hayden, "Broadband and gap-free response of a terahertz system based on a poled polymer emitter-sensor pair," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081115 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. H. Han and J. W. Wu, "Single-beam polarization interferometry measurement of the linear electro-optic effect in poled polymer films with a reflection configuration," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1131-1137 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  17. P. C. M. Planken, H.-K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakker, and T. Wenckebach, "Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 313-317 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  18. Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (sub-1-volt) half wave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. Luo, M. Haller, H. Ma, S. Liu, T.-D. Kim, Y. Tian, B. Chen, S.-H. Jang, L. R. Dalton, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nanoscale architectural control and macromolecular engineering of nonlinear optical dendrimers and polymers for electro-optics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8523-8530 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  20. A. Jen, J. Luo, T. Kim, B. Chen, S. Hau, L. Dalton, J.-W. Kang, D. Park, and W. Herman, "Exceptional electro-optic properties through supermolecular self-assembly," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD1.
  21. D. H. Park, C. H. Lee, W. N. Herman, J. W. Kang, J. D. Luo, T. D. Kim, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nonlinear ellipsometric analysis of the electro-optic effect in poled organic glasses," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD4.
  22. Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, "Design and characterization of traveling wave electro-optic terahertz sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 693-700 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  23. G. Gallot and D. Grischkowsky, "Electro-optic detection of terahertz radiation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1204-1212 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  24. L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, "Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784-1786 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  25. J. Faure, J. van Tilborg, R. A. Kaindl, and W. P. Leemans, "Modelling laser-based table-top THz sources: optical rectification, propagation and electro-optic sampling," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 681-697 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  26. S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  27. D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, "Electro-optical generation and detection of femtosecond electrical transients," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 184-197 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  28. A. Nahata, A. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321-2323 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  29. N. C. J. van der Valk, P. C. M. Planken, A. N. Buijserd, and H. J. Bakker, "Influence of pump wavelength and crystal length on the phase matching of optical rectification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1714-1718 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  30. Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, "Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2924-2926 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  31. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003), pp. 36-37.
  32. L. Duvillaret, F. Garet, and J.-L. Coutaz, "Highly precise determination of optical constants and sample thickness in terahertz time-domain spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 38, 409-415 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  33. F. Salin and A. Brun, "Dispersion compensation for femtosecond pulses using high-index prisms," J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4736-4739 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  34. K. W. Delong, R. Trebino, J. Hunter, and W. E. White, "Frequency-resolved optical gating with the use of second-harmonic generation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2206-2215 (1994).
    [Crossref]

2005 (3)

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, E. Lindahl, and A. G. Davies, "Observation of far-infrared emission from excited cytosine molecules," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011105 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Zheng, A. M. Sinyukov, and L. M. Hayden, "Broadband and gap-free response of a terahertz system based on a poled polymer emitter-sensor pair," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081115 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. C. J. van der Valk, P. C. M. Planken, A. N. Buijserd, and H. J. Bakker, "Influence of pump wavelength and crystal length on the phase matching of optical rectification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1714-1718 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (5)

J. Faure, J. van Tilborg, R. A. Kaindl, and W. P. Leemans, "Modelling laser-based table-top THz sources: optical rectification, propagation and electro-optic sampling," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 681-697 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, M. Haller, H. Ma, S. Liu, T.-D. Kim, Y. Tian, B. Chen, S.-H. Jang, L. R. Dalton, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nanoscale architectural control and macromolecular engineering of nonlinear optical dendrimers and polymers for electro-optics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8523-8530 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. M. Sinyukov and L. M. Hayden, "Efficient electro-optic polymers for THz systems," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8515-8522 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. M. Sinyukov, M. R. Leahy, L. M. Hayden, M. Haller, J. Luo, A. K. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, "Resonance enhanced THz generation in electro-optic polymers near the absorption maximum," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5827-5829 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Kubler, R. Huber, S. Tubel, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Ultrabroadband detection of multiterahertz field transients with GaSe electro-optic sensors: approaching the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3360-3362 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

2001 (2)

P. C. M. Planken, H.-K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakker, and T. Wenckebach, "Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 313-317 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. W. Smye, J. M. Chamberlain, A. J. Fitzgerald, and E. Berry, "The interaction between terahertz radiation and biological tissue," Phys. Med. Biol. 46, R101-R112 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (sub-1-volt) half wave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (3)

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, "Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450-3452 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Gallot and D. Grischkowsky, "Electro-optic detection of terahertz radiation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1204-1212 (1999).
[Crossref]

L. Duvillaret, F. Garet, and J.-L. Coutaz, "Highly precise determination of optical constants and sample thickness in terahertz time-domain spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 38, 409-415 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1996 (4)

D. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. Nuss, "T-ray imaging," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679-692 (1996).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, "Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2924-2926 (1996).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, "Design and characterization of traveling wave electro-optic terahertz sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 693-700 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Nahata, A. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321-2323 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (3)

R. A. Cheville and D. Grischkowsky, "Far infrared, THz time-domain spectroscopy of flames," Opt. Lett. 20, 1646-1648 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, "Generation of terahertz radiation from a poled polymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358-1360 (1995).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from < 110 > zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

K. W. Delong, R. Trebino, J. Hunter, and W. E. White, "Frequency-resolved optical gating with the use of second-harmonic generation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2206-2215 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, "Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784-1786 (1992).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

C. Fattinger and D. Grischkowsky, "Terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 490-492 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, "Electro-optical generation and detection of femtosecond electrical transients," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 184-197 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

F. Salin and A. Brun, "Dispersion compensation for femtosecond pulses using high-index prisms," J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4736-4739 (1987).
[Crossref]

Alexander, M.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from < 110 > zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

Auston, D.

A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, "Generation of terahertz radiation from a poled polymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358-1360 (1995).
[Crossref]

Auston, D. H.

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, "Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784-1786 (1992).
[Crossref]

D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, "Electro-optical generation and detection of femtosecond electrical transients," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 184-197 (1988).
[Crossref]

Backus, S.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bakker, H. J.

Bechtel, J. H.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (sub-1-volt) half wave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[Crossref]

Berry, E.

S. W. Smye, J. M. Chamberlain, A. J. Fitzgerald, and E. Berry, "The interaction between terahertz radiation and biological tissue," Phys. Med. Biol. 46, R101-R112 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bliss, D.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from < 110 > zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003), pp. 36-37.

Brun, A.

F. Salin and A. Brun, "Dispersion compensation for femtosecond pulses using high-index prisms," J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4736-4739 (1987).
[Crossref]

Buijserd, A. N.

Cao, H.

Chamberlain, J. M.

S. W. Smye, J. M. Chamberlain, A. J. Fitzgerald, and E. Berry, "The interaction between terahertz radiation and biological tissue," Phys. Med. Biol. 46, R101-R112 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, B.

J. Luo, M. Haller, H. Ma, S. Liu, T.-D. Kim, Y. Tian, B. Chen, S.-H. Jang, L. R. Dalton, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nanoscale architectural control and macromolecular engineering of nonlinear optical dendrimers and polymers for electro-optics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8523-8530 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Jen, J. Luo, T. Kim, B. Chen, S. Hau, L. Dalton, J.-W. Kang, D. Park, and W. Herman, "Exceptional electro-optic properties through supermolecular self-assembly," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD1.

Cheville, R. A.

Coutaz, J.-L.

Dalton, L.

A. Jen, J. Luo, T. Kim, B. Chen, S. Hau, L. Dalton, J.-W. Kang, D. Park, and W. Herman, "Exceptional electro-optic properties through supermolecular self-assembly," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD1.

Dalton, L. R.

J. Luo, M. Haller, H. Ma, S. Liu, T.-D. Kim, Y. Tian, B. Chen, S.-H. Jang, L. R. Dalton, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nanoscale architectural control and macromolecular engineering of nonlinear optical dendrimers and polymers for electro-optics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8523-8530 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. M. Sinyukov, M. R. Leahy, L. M. Hayden, M. Haller, J. Luo, A. K. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, "Resonance enhanced THz generation in electro-optic polymers near the absorption maximum," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5827-5829 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (sub-1-volt) half wave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[Crossref]

Davies, A. G.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, E. Lindahl, and A. G. Davies, "Observation of far-infrared emission from excited cytosine molecules," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011105 (2005).
[Crossref]

Delong, K. W.

Durfee, C. G.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Duvillaret, L.

Fattinger, C.

C. Fattinger and D. Grischkowsky, "Terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 490-492 (1989).
[Crossref]

Faure, J.

J. Faure, J. van Tilborg, R. A. Kaindl, and W. P. Leemans, "Modelling laser-based table-top THz sources: optical rectification, propagation and electro-optic sampling," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 681-697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fitzgerald, A. J.

S. W. Smye, J. M. Chamberlain, A. J. Fitzgerald, and E. Berry, "The interaction between terahertz radiation and biological tissue," Phys. Med. Biol. 46, R101-R112 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallot, G.

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, "Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450-3452 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Gallot and D. Grischkowsky, "Electro-optic detection of terahertz radiation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1204-1212 (1999).
[Crossref]

Garet, F.

Grischkowsky, D.

G. Gallot and D. Grischkowsky, "Electro-optic detection of terahertz radiation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1204-1212 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, "Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450-3452 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. A. Cheville and D. Grischkowsky, "Far infrared, THz time-domain spectroscopy of flames," Opt. Lett. 20, 1646-1648 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Fattinger and D. Grischkowsky, "Terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 490-492 (1989).
[Crossref]

Haller, M.

J. Luo, M. Haller, H. Ma, S. Liu, T.-D. Kim, Y. Tian, B. Chen, S.-H. Jang, L. R. Dalton, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nanoscale architectural control and macromolecular engineering of nonlinear optical dendrimers and polymers for electro-optics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8523-8530 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. M. Sinyukov, M. R. Leahy, L. M. Hayden, M. Haller, J. Luo, A. K. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, "Resonance enhanced THz generation in electro-optic polymers near the absorption maximum," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5827-5829 (2004).
[Crossref]

Han, S. H.

Hau, S.

A. Jen, J. Luo, T. Kim, B. Chen, S. Hau, L. Dalton, J.-W. Kang, D. Park, and W. Herman, "Exceptional electro-optic properties through supermolecular self-assembly," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD1.

Hayden, L. M.

X. Zheng, A. M. Sinyukov, and L. M. Hayden, "Broadband and gap-free response of a terahertz system based on a poled polymer emitter-sensor pair," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081115 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. M. Sinyukov, M. R. Leahy, L. M. Hayden, M. Haller, J. Luo, A. K. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, "Resonance enhanced THz generation in electro-optic polymers near the absorption maximum," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5827-5829 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. M. Sinyukov and L. M. Hayden, "Efficient electro-optic polymers for THz systems," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8515-8522 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. M. Sinyukov and L. M. Hayden, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation with multilayered electro-optic polymer films," Opt. Lett. 27, 55-57 (2002).
[Crossref]

Heinz, T. F.

H. Cao, T. F. Heinz, and A. Nahata, "Electro-optic detection of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses by use of poled polymers," Opt. Lett. 27, 775-777 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Nahata, A. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321-2323 (1996).
[Crossref]

Herman, W.

A. Jen, J. Luo, T. Kim, B. Chen, S. Hau, L. Dalton, J.-W. Kang, D. Park, and W. Herman, "Exceptional electro-optic properties through supermolecular self-assembly," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD1.

Herman, W. N.

D. H. Park, C. H. Lee, W. N. Herman, J. W. Kang, J. D. Luo, T. D. Kim, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nonlinear ellipsometric analysis of the electro-optic effect in poled organic glasses," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD4.

Huber, R.

C. Kubler, R. Huber, S. Tubel, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Ultrabroadband detection of multiterahertz field transients with GaSe electro-optic sensors: approaching the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3360-3362 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hunter, J.

Jacobsen, R. H.

D. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. Nuss, "T-ray imaging," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679-692 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jang, S.-H.

J. Luo, M. Haller, H. Ma, S. Liu, T.-D. Kim, Y. Tian, B. Chen, S.-H. Jang, L. R. Dalton, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nanoscale architectural control and macromolecular engineering of nonlinear optical dendrimers and polymers for electro-optics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8523-8530 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jen, A.

A. Jen, J. Luo, T. Kim, B. Chen, S. Hau, L. Dalton, J.-W. Kang, D. Park, and W. Herman, "Exceptional electro-optic properties through supermolecular self-assembly," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD1.

Jen, A. K. Y.

A. M. Sinyukov, M. R. Leahy, L. M. Hayden, M. Haller, J. Luo, A. K. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, "Resonance enhanced THz generation in electro-optic polymers near the absorption maximum," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5827-5829 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jen, A. K.-Y.

J. Luo, M. Haller, H. Ma, S. Liu, T.-D. Kim, Y. Tian, B. Chen, S.-H. Jang, L. R. Dalton, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nanoscale architectural control and macromolecular engineering of nonlinear optical dendrimers and polymers for electro-optics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8523-8530 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. H. Park, C. H. Lee, W. N. Herman, J. W. Kang, J. D. Luo, T. D. Kim, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nonlinear ellipsometric analysis of the electro-optic effect in poled organic glasses," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD4.

Jeon, T.-I.

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, "Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450-3452 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jin, Y.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from < 110 > zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kaindl, R. A.

J. Faure, J. van Tilborg, R. A. Kaindl, and W. P. Leemans, "Modelling laser-based table-top THz sources: optical rectification, propagation and electro-optic sampling," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 681-697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kang, J. W.

D. H. Park, C. H. Lee, W. N. Herman, J. W. Kang, J. D. Luo, T. D. Kim, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nonlinear ellipsometric analysis of the electro-optic effect in poled organic glasses," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD4.

Kang, J.-W.

A. Jen, J. Luo, T. Kim, B. Chen, S. Hau, L. Dalton, J.-W. Kang, D. Park, and W. Herman, "Exceptional electro-optic properties through supermolecular self-assembly," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD1.

Kapteyn, H.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, T.

A. Jen, J. Luo, T. Kim, B. Chen, S. Hau, L. Dalton, J.-W. Kang, D. Park, and W. Herman, "Exceptional electro-optic properties through supermolecular self-assembly," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD1.

Kim, T. D.

D. H. Park, C. H. Lee, W. N. Herman, J. W. Kang, J. D. Luo, T. D. Kim, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nonlinear ellipsometric analysis of the electro-optic effect in poled organic glasses," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD4.

Kim, T.-D.

J. Luo, M. Haller, H. Ma, S. Liu, T.-D. Kim, Y. Tian, B. Chen, S.-H. Jang, L. R. Dalton, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nanoscale architectural control and macromolecular engineering of nonlinear optical dendrimers and polymers for electro-optics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8523-8530 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kubler, C.

C. Kubler, R. Huber, S. Tubel, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Ultrabroadband detection of multiterahertz field transients with GaSe electro-optic sensors: approaching the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3360-3362 (2004).
[Crossref]

Larkin, J.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from < 110 > zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

Leahy, M. R.

A. M. Sinyukov, M. R. Leahy, L. M. Hayden, M. Haller, J. Luo, A. K. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, "Resonance enhanced THz generation in electro-optic polymers near the absorption maximum," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5827-5829 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. H.

D. H. Park, C. H. Lee, W. N. Herman, J. W. Kang, J. D. Luo, T. D. Kim, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nonlinear ellipsometric analysis of the electro-optic effect in poled organic glasses," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD4.

Leemans, W. P.

J. Faure, J. van Tilborg, R. A. Kaindl, and W. P. Leemans, "Modelling laser-based table-top THz sources: optical rectification, propagation and electro-optic sampling," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 681-697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Leitenstorfer, A.

C. Kubler, R. Huber, S. Tubel, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Ultrabroadband detection of multiterahertz field transients with GaSe electro-optic sensors: approaching the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3360-3362 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lindahl, E.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, E. Lindahl, and A. G. Davies, "Observation of far-infrared emission from excited cytosine molecules," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011105 (2005).
[Crossref]

Litz, M.

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, "Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2924-2926 (1996).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

J. Luo, M. Haller, H. Ma, S. Liu, T.-D. Kim, Y. Tian, B. Chen, S.-H. Jang, L. R. Dalton, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nanoscale architectural control and macromolecular engineering of nonlinear optical dendrimers and polymers for electro-optics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8523-8530 (2004).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

J. Luo, M. Haller, H. Ma, S. Liu, T.-D. Kim, Y. Tian, B. Chen, S.-H. Jang, L. R. Dalton, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nanoscale architectural control and macromolecular engineering of nonlinear optical dendrimers and polymers for electro-optics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8523-8530 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. M. Sinyukov, M. R. Leahy, L. M. Hayden, M. Haller, J. Luo, A. K. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, "Resonance enhanced THz generation in electro-optic polymers near the absorption maximum," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5827-5829 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Jen, J. Luo, T. Kim, B. Chen, S. Hau, L. Dalton, J.-W. Kang, D. Park, and W. Herman, "Exceptional electro-optic properties through supermolecular self-assembly," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD1.

Luo, J. D.

D. H. Park, C. H. Lee, W. N. Herman, J. W. Kang, J. D. Luo, T. D. Kim, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nonlinear ellipsometric analysis of the electro-optic effect in poled organic glasses," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD4.

Ma, H.

J. Luo, M. Haller, H. Ma, S. Liu, T.-D. Kim, Y. Tian, B. Chen, S.-H. Jang, L. R. Dalton, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nanoscale architectural control and macromolecular engineering of nonlinear optical dendrimers and polymers for electro-optics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8523-8530 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ma, X. F.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from < 110 > zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

McGowan, R. W.

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, "Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450-3452 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mittleman, D.

D. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. Nuss, "T-ray imaging," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679-692 (1996).
[Crossref]

Murnane, M.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Nahata, A.

H. Cao, T. F. Heinz, and A. Nahata, "Electro-optic detection of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses by use of poled polymers," Opt. Lett. 27, 775-777 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Nahata, A. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321-2323 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, "Generation of terahertz radiation from a poled polymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358-1360 (1995).
[Crossref]

Nienhuys, H.-K.

Nuss, M.

D. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. Nuss, "T-ray imaging," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679-692 (1996).
[Crossref]

Nuss, M. C.

D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, "Electro-optical generation and detection of femtosecond electrical transients," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 184-197 (1988).
[Crossref]

Park, D.

A. Jen, J. Luo, T. Kim, B. Chen, S. Hau, L. Dalton, J.-W. Kang, D. Park, and W. Herman, "Exceptional electro-optic properties through supermolecular self-assembly," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD1.

Park, D. H.

D. H. Park, C. H. Lee, W. N. Herman, J. W. Kang, J. D. Luo, T. D. Kim, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nonlinear ellipsometric analysis of the electro-optic effect in poled organic glasses," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD4.

Planken, P. C. M.

Rice, A.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from < 110 > zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

Robinson, B. H.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (sub-1-volt) half wave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[Crossref]

Salin, F.

F. Salin and A. Brun, "Dispersion compensation for femtosecond pulses using high-index prisms," J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4736-4739 (1987).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y. C.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, E. Lindahl, and A. G. Davies, "Observation of far-infrared emission from excited cytosine molecules," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011105 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (sub-1-volt) half wave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sinyukov, A. M.

X. Zheng, A. M. Sinyukov, and L. M. Hayden, "Broadband and gap-free response of a terahertz system based on a poled polymer emitter-sensor pair," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081115 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. M. Sinyukov and L. M. Hayden, "Efficient electro-optic polymers for THz systems," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8515-8522 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. M. Sinyukov, M. R. Leahy, L. M. Hayden, M. Haller, J. Luo, A. K. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, "Resonance enhanced THz generation in electro-optic polymers near the absorption maximum," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5827-5829 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. M. Sinyukov and L. M. Hayden, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation with multilayered electro-optic polymer films," Opt. Lett. 27, 55-57 (2002).
[Crossref]

Smye, S. W.

S. W. Smye, J. M. Chamberlain, A. J. Fitzgerald, and E. Berry, "The interaction between terahertz radiation and biological tissue," Phys. Med. Biol. 46, R101-R112 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steier, W. H.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (sub-1-volt) half wave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tian, Y.

J. Luo, M. Haller, H. Ma, S. Liu, T.-D. Kim, Y. Tian, B. Chen, S.-H. Jang, L. R. Dalton, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nanoscale architectural control and macromolecular engineering of nonlinear optical dendrimers and polymers for electro-optics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8523-8530 (2004).
[Crossref]

Trebino, R.

Tubel, S.

C. Kubler, R. Huber, S. Tubel, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Ultrabroadband detection of multiterahertz field transients with GaSe electro-optic sensors: approaching the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3360-3362 (2004).
[Crossref]

Upadhya, P. C.

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, E. Lindahl, and A. G. Davies, "Observation of far-infrared emission from excited cytosine molecules," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011105 (2005).
[Crossref]

van der Valk, N. C. J.

van Tilborg, J.

J. Faure, J. van Tilborg, R. A. Kaindl, and W. P. Leemans, "Modelling laser-based table-top THz sources: optical rectification, propagation and electro-optic sampling," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 681-697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Weling, A.

A. Nahata, A. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321-2323 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wenckebach, T.

White, W. E.

Wu, C.

A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, "Generation of terahertz radiation from a poled polymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358-1360 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wu, J. W.

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, "Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2924-2926 (1996).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, "Design and characterization of traveling wave electro-optic terahertz sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 693-700 (1996).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525 (1995).
[Crossref]

Xu, L.

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, "Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784-1786 (1992).
[Crossref]

Yardley, J. T.

A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, "Generation of terahertz radiation from a poled polymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358-1360 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (sub-1-volt) half wave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (sub-1-volt) half wave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, "Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450-3452 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. C.

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, "Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2924-2926 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.-C.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, "Design and characterization of traveling wave electro-optic terahertz sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 693-700 (1996).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from < 110 > zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, "Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784-1786 (1992).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X.

X. Zheng, A. M. Sinyukov, and L. M. Hayden, "Broadband and gap-free response of a terahertz system based on a poled polymer emitter-sensor pair," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081115 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (12)

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, "Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2924-2926 (1996).
[Crossref]

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, "Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784-1786 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Nahata, A. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321-2323 (1996).
[Crossref]

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T.-I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, "Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450-3452 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Shen, P. C. Upadhya, E. Lindahl, and A. G. Davies, "Observation of far-infrared emission from excited cytosine molecules," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 011105 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from < 110 > zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324-1326 (1994).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, "Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. Fattinger and D. Grischkowsky, "Terahertz beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 490-492 (1989).
[Crossref]

C. Kubler, R. Huber, S. Tubel, and A. Leitenstorfer, "Ultrabroadband detection of multiterahertz field transients with GaSe electro-optic sensors: approaching the near infrared," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3360-3362 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Nahata, D. Auston, C. Wu, and J. T. Yardley, "Generation of terahertz radiation from a poled polymer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1358-1360 (1995).
[Crossref]

X. Zheng, A. M. Sinyukov, and L. M. Hayden, "Broadband and gap-free response of a terahertz system based on a poled polymer emitter-sensor pair," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081115 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. M. Sinyukov, M. R. Leahy, L. M. Hayden, M. Haller, J. Luo, A. K. Y. Jen, and L. R. Dalton, "Resonance enhanced THz generation in electro-optic polymers near the absorption maximum," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5827-5829 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. H. Auston and M. C. Nuss, "Electro-optical generation and detection of femtosecond electrical transients," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 184-197 (1988).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, "Design and characterization of traveling wave electro-optic terahertz sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 693-700 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. Mittleman, R. H. Jacobsen, and M. Nuss, "T-ray imaging," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 679-692 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Salin and A. Brun, "Dispersion compensation for femtosecond pulses using high-index prisms," J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4736-4739 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

J. Luo, M. Haller, H. Ma, S. Liu, T.-D. Kim, Y. Tian, B. Chen, S.-H. Jang, L. R. Dalton, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nanoscale architectural control and macromolecular engineering of nonlinear optical dendrimers and polymers for electro-optics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8523-8530 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. M. Sinyukov and L. M. Hayden, "Efficient electro-optic polymers for THz systems," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8515-8522 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Faure, J. van Tilborg, R. A. Kaindl, and W. P. Leemans, "Modelling laser-based table-top THz sources: optical rectification, propagation and electro-optic sampling," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 681-697 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

S. W. Smye, J. M. Chamberlain, A. J. Fitzgerald, and E. Berry, "The interaction between terahertz radiation and biological tissue," Phys. Med. Biol. 46, R101-R112 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, III, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207-1223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, "Low (sub-1-volt) half wave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape," Science 288, 119-122 (2000).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

A. Jen, J. Luo, T. Kim, B. Chen, S. Hau, L. Dalton, J.-W. Kang, D. Park, and W. Herman, "Exceptional electro-optic properties through supermolecular self-assembly," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD1.

D. H. Park, C. H. Lee, W. N. Herman, J. W. Kang, J. D. Luo, T. D. Kim, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Nonlinear ellipsometric analysis of the electro-optic effect in poled organic glasses," in Frontier in Optics 2005/Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper STuD4.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003), pp. 36-37.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simulated THz amplitude spectra corresponding to a transform-limited pump pulse with 90 nm FWHM spectral bandwidth (black solid curve), a non-transform-limited pulse with 90 nm FWHM spectral bandwidth and 1000 fs 3 TOD (thick dashed curve), a transform-limited pulse with 9 nm FWHM spectral bandwidth (gray solid curve), and a non-transform-limited pulse with 9 nm FWHM spectral bandwidth, and 1000 fs 3 TOD (thin dashed curve). In all the cases, an 80 μ m thick EO polymer emitter and a 100 μ m thick EO polymer sensor are assumed. For comparison, the same hypothetical minimum detection level (determined by the detection scheme of the system) is also assumed.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

THz index n THz ( Ω ) of LAPC, measured using THz TDS. For a wide range between 1.5 and 8 THz , n THz ( Ω ) is approximately constant. Because of the low dynamic range for the frequency components below 1.5 THz in our THz TDS experiments based on a LAPC emitter and sensor pair, the extracted THz indices in that range are not reliable and are not shown in the figure.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of simulated THz amplitude spectra for emitters made of EO polymers with different phase-matching conditions and thicknesses when we used a laser pulse of 10 fs FWHM in duration and a 100 μ m thick sensor made of the same material as the emitter. Because of the better phase-matching property of EO polymer 2, the 80 μ m thick emitter (thick dashed curve) shows a broader bandwidth and brighter emission (the area under the spectrum) than the emitter made of EO polymer 1 (thin dashed curve). When the thickness of the THz emitter made of the EO polymer 2 is increased from 80 (thick dashed curve) to 600 μ m , (thick solid curve), there is an apparent brighter THz emission, denoted by the increase of the area under the amplitude spectrum. However, for the emitter made of EO polymer 1, when the thickness is increased from 80 (thin dashed curve), to 600 μ m (thin solid curve), the THz emission brightness is not increased, but spectral dips, due to the phase mismatching, also appear.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

GVD effect on the performance of the emitter–sensor pairs made of EO polymer 2 when (a) 10 fs FWHM transform-limited pulse is used and (b) 100 fs FWHM transform-limited pulse is used. In (a), the inclusion of GVD, or β 2 , causes significant reduction of the THz spectral bandwidth and brightness for both 80 μ m (thin solid curve for β 2 = 0 , thin dashed curve for β 2 = 1.859 fs 3 μ m ) and 400 μ m (thick solid curve for β 2 = 0 , thick dashed curve for β 2 = 1.859 fs 3 μ m ) emitters. In (b), GVD does not play an observable role for both 80 μ m (gray thin solid curve for β 2 = 0 , black thin dashed curve for β 2 = 1.859 fs 3 μ m ) and 400 μ m (gray thick solid curve for β 2 = 0 , black thick dashed curve for β 2 = 1.859 fs 3 μ m ) emitters.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of the simulation (solid curves) with experimental results (dashed curves) when a 120 μ m (effective thickness) LAPC sensor and (a) 85 μ m , (b) 165 μ m , (c) 255 μ m , and (d) 350 μ m (effective thickness) LAPC emitters are used. TOD = 5000 fs 3 is determined from the pulse width and spectrum measurements using our Grenouille and spectrometer. The error of the effective thicknesses of the emitters and the sensor is less than 10%. n THz = 1.73 is selected such that the frequency locations of the phase-mismatching-induced spectral dips and the overall THz bandwidths have the best agreement between the simulations and experiments.

Equations (15)

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ϕ ( ω ) = ϕ ( ω o ) + ϕ ( ω o ) ( ω ω o ) + 1 2 ϕ ( ω o ) ( ω ω o ) 2 + 1 6 ϕ ( ω o ) ( ω ω o ) 3 + ,
T ( ω ) = ϕ ( ω ) ω = ϕ ( ω o ) + ϕ ( ω o ) ( ω ω o ) + 1 2 ϕ ( ω o ) ( ω ω o ) 2 + .
E in ( t ) = E o exp ( t 2 2 T o 2 ) exp ( i ω o t ) .
E ̃ in ( ω ) = E o T o exp [ ( ω ω o ) 2 T o 2 2 ] .
E ̃ in ( ω ) = E o T o exp [ ( ω ω o ) 2 T o 2 2 ] exp [ i τ 3 3 ( ω ω o ) 3 ] ,
E ̃ ( z , ω ) = E o T o exp [ ( ω ω o ) 2 T o 2 2 ] exp [ i τ 3 3 ( ω ω o ) 3 ] exp [ i z n g c ( ω ω o ) + i β 2 z 2 ( ω ω o ) 2 ] ,
[ d 2 d z 2 + ϵ ( Ω ) Ω 2 c 2 ] E ̃ THz ( z , Ω ) = 4 π c 2 Ω 2 P NL ( z , Ω ) ,
P NL ( z , Ω ) = χ eff ( Ω ; ω , ω Ω ) E ̃ ( z , ω ) E ̃ * ( z , ω Ω ) d ω .
P NL ( z , Ω ) = χ eff ( Ω ) E ̃ ( z , ω ) E ̃ * ( z , ω Ω ) d ω .
P NL ( Ω ) = π T o 2 E o 2 χ eff ( Ω ) T o 2 i 3 τ 3 3 Ω exp ( T o 2 Ω 2 2 ) exp [ ( T o 2 Ω + i β 2 z Ω i 3 τ 3 3 Ω 2 ) 2 4 ( T o 2 i 3 τ 3 3 Ω ) ] × exp [ i ( n g z c Ω β 2 z 2 Ω 2 + τ 3 3 Ω 3 ) ] .
P NL ( Ω ) = π T o 2 E o 2 χ eff ( Ω ) T o 2 i 3 τ 3 3 Ω exp ( T o 2 Ω 2 2 ) exp [ ( T o 2 Ω + i β 2 z Ω i 3 τ 3 3 Ω 2 ) 2 4 ( T o 2 i 3 τ 3 3 Ω ) ] exp [ i ( n g z c Ω β 2 z 2 Ω 2 + τ 3 3 Ω 3 ) ] exp ( α z ) .
f ( d , Ω ) = C opt ( d , Ω ) χ eff ( ω ; Ω , ω Ω ) exp [ i Ω c d ( n g n THz ) ] 1 i Ω c ( n g n THz ) ,
f ( d , Ω ) = π T o 2 E o 2 χ eff ( ω ; Ω , ω Ω ) T o 2 i 3 τ 3 3 Ω exp ( T o 2 Ω 2 2 ) exp [ ( T o 2 Ω + i β 2 d Ω i 3 τ 3 3 Ω 2 ) 2 4 ( T o 2 i 3 τ 3 3 Ω ) ] × exp [ i ( n g d c Ω β 2 d 2 Ω 2 + τ 3 3 Ω 3 ) ] exp [ i Ω c d ( n g n THz ) 1 ] i Ω c ( n g n THz ) .
Δ n Δ x t + n THz 1 Δ t t ,
τ out = τ in [ 1 + 16 ( β 2 z ) 2 τ in 2 ( ln 2 ) 2 ] 1 2 ,

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