Abstract

Glasses containing copper selenide nanoparticles (CuxSe) reveal an intense absorption band peaking at 1μm (1.24eV). The transient bleaching and intensity-dependent transmission of silica glasses with CuxSe nanoparticles of different stoichiometry are studied with 1.08μm (1.15eV) picosecond pulses. The bleaching relaxation time decreases with a shift in the absorption band maximum to the lower photon energies. The dependence of absorption on the input energy of the pulses is saturationlike at the beginning of the plateau at 40mJcm2. Passive Q-switching of the Nd3+:KGd(WO4)2 laser at 1.067μm is realized with the CuxSe-doped glasses for different x.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2005

C. Flytzanis, "Nonlinear optics in mesoscopic composite materials," J. Phys. B 38, 661-679 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. A. Zolotovskaya, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. S. Gurin, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear properties of phototropic media on the basis of CuxSe nanoparticles in quartz glass," Semiconductors 38, 812-817 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

Y. Lou, X. Chen, A. C. Samia, and C. Burda, "Femtosecond spectroscopic investigation of the carrier lifetimes in digenite quantum dots and discrimination of the electron and hole dynamics via ultrafast interfacial electron transfer," J. Phys. Chem. 107, 12431-12437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, A. A. Alexeenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, S. A. Zolotovskaya, and G. A. Zhavnerko, "Structure and optical properties of CuxO- and CuxSe-doped solgel silica glasses," Mater. Sci. Eng. 23, 1063-1067 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

H. Ueda, M. Nohara, K. Kitazawa, H. Takagi, A. Fujimori, T. Mizokawa, and T. Yagi, "Copper pyrites CuS2 and CuSe2 as anion conductors," Phys. Rev. B 65, 155104-155108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

K. V. Yumashev, V. S. Gurin, P. V. Prokoshin, V. B. Prokopenko, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear optical properties and laser applications of copper chalcogenide quantum dots in glass," Phys. Status Solidi B 224, 815-818 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, S. Wang, K. V. Yumashev, and P. V. Prokoshin, "Solgel silica glasses with nanoparticles of copper selenide: synthesis, optics, and structure," Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3, 493-496 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Yoffe, "Semiconductor quantum dots and related systems: electronic, optical, luminescence and related properties of low dimensional systems," Adv. Phys. 50, 1-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Philips, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, "Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass," Appl. Phys. B 72, 175-178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, and A. V. Frantskevich, "Transformation of porous doped silica xerogels into multicomponent bulk amorphous monoliths with interesting optical properties," J. Mater. Chem. 11, 149-152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, G. I. Ryabtsev, V. A. Orlovich, and A. A. Demidovich, "Simulated Raman scattering in Nd:KGW laser with diode pumping," J. Alloys Compd. 300-301, 300-302 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Z. Zhang, "Interfacial charge carrier dynamics of colloidal semiconductor nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 7239-7253 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, V. G. Savitsky, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Lipovskii, "Glass doped with PbS quantum dots for passive Q-switching of a 1.54 μm laser," Appl. Opt. 39, 4345-4347 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, I. A. Denisov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. P. Mikhailov, V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear optical properties of solgel-derived glasses doped with copper selenide nanoparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 572-579 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

C. N. R. Rao, "Novel materials, materials design and synthetic strategies: recent advances and new directions," J. Mater. Chem. 9, 1-14 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, "Comparison of the cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping," Appl. Phys. B 67, 11-15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

V. I. Klimov and V. A. Karavanskii, "Mechanisms for optical nonlinearities and ultrafast carrier dynamics in CuxS nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. B 54, 8087-8094 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov, P. Haring-Bolivar, H. Kurz, and V. A. Karavanskii, "Optical nonlinearities and carrier trapping dynamics in CdS and CuxS nanocrystals," Superlattices Microstruct. 20, 399-404 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, T. J. Emge, and J. G. Brennan, "Pyridineselenolate complexes of copper and indium: precursors to CuSex and In2Se3," Inorg. Chem. 35, 7339-7344 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

V. I. Klimov, P. Haring-Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. A. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Yu. Korkishko, "Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 653-655 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, and M. Birnbaum, "Tunable Cr4+:YSOQ-switched Cr:LiCAF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657-663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, "Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12," Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505-15513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

1991

L. Brus, "Quantum crystallites and nonlinear optics," Appl. Phys. B 53, 465-474 (1991).

1990

K. C. Sharma, R. P. Sharma, and J. C. Garg, "Opto-electronic properties of polycrystalline copper selenide films," Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys. 28, 590-595 (1990).

1976

R. M. Murray, and R. D. Heyding, "The crystal structures of Cu1.8Se, Cu3Se2, alpha- and gammaCuSe, CuSe2, and CuSeII," Can. J. Chem. 54, 841-848 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975

R. M. Murray and R. D. Heyding, "The copper-selenium system at temperatures to 850 K and pressures to 50 kbar," Can. J. Chem. 53, 878-887 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1969

K. Okamoto, S. Kawai, and R. Kiriyama, "Electrical and magnetic properties of Cu3Se2 and some related compounds," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 8, 718-724 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1966

R. D. Heyding, "The copper/selenium system," Can. J. Chem. 44, 1233-1236 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1965

A. Szabo and R. A. Stein, "Theory of laser giant pulsing by a saturable absorber," J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1562-1566 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Alexeenko, A. A.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. S. Gurin, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear properties of phototropic media on the basis of CuxSe nanoparticles in quartz glass," Semiconductors 38, 812-817 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, A. A. Alexeenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, S. A. Zolotovskaya, and G. A. Zhavnerko, "Structure and optical properties of CuxO- and CuxSe-doped solgel silica glasses," Mater. Sci. Eng. 23, 1063-1067 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, V. S. Gurin, P. V. Prokoshin, V. B. Prokopenko, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear optical properties and laser applications of copper chalcogenide quantum dots in glass," Phys. Status Solidi B 224, 815-818 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, S. Wang, K. V. Yumashev, and P. V. Prokoshin, "Solgel silica glasses with nanoparticles of copper selenide: synthesis, optics, and structure," Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3, 493-496 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, and A. V. Frantskevich, "Transformation of porous doped silica xerogels into multicomponent bulk amorphous monoliths with interesting optical properties," J. Mater. Chem. 11, 149-152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, I. A. Denisov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. P. Mikhailov, V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear optical properties of solgel-derived glasses doped with copper selenide nanoparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 572-579 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Apai, P.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, "Comparison of the cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping," Appl. Phys. B 67, 11-15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Batay, L. E.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, "Comparison of the cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping," Appl. Phys. B 67, 11-15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

Borrelli, N. F.

J. F. Philips, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, "Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass," Appl. Phys. B 72, 175-178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brennan, J. G.

Y. Cheng, T. J. Emge, and J. G. Brennan, "Pyridineselenolate complexes of copper and indium: precursors to CuSex and In2Se3," Inorg. Chem. 35, 7339-7344 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brus, L.

L. Brus, "Quantum crystallites and nonlinear optics," Appl. Phys. B 53, 465-474 (1991).

Burda, C.

Y. Lou, X. Chen, A. C. Samia, and C. Burda, "Femtosecond spectroscopic investigation of the carrier lifetimes in digenite quantum dots and discrimination of the electron and hole dynamics via ultrafast interfacial electron transfer," J. Phys. Chem. 107, 12431-12437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

Chen, X.

Y. Lou, X. Chen, A. C. Samia, and C. Burda, "Femtosecond spectroscopic investigation of the carrier lifetimes in digenite quantum dots and discrimination of the electron and hole dynamics via ultrafast interfacial electron transfer," J. Phys. Chem. 107, 12431-12437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

Y. Cheng, T. J. Emge, and J. G. Brennan, "Pyridineselenolate complexes of copper and indium: precursors to CuSex and In2Se3," Inorg. Chem. 35, 7339-7344 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chopra, K. L.

K. L. Chopra and S. R. Das, Thin Film Solar Cells (Plenum, 1983).

Danailov, M. B.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, "Comparison of the cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping," Appl. Phys. B 67, 11-15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Das, S. R.

K. L. Chopra and S. R. Das, Thin Film Solar Cells (Plenum, 1983).

Demidovich, A. A.

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, G. I. Ryabtsev, V. A. Orlovich, and A. A. Demidovich, "Simulated Raman scattering in Nd:KGW laser with diode pumping," J. Alloys Compd. 300-301, 300-302 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, "Comparison of the cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping," Appl. Phys. B 67, 11-15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Denisov, I. A.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

J. F. Philips, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, "Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass," Appl. Phys. B 72, 175-178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ehrt, D.

J. F. Philips, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, "Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass," Appl. Phys. B 72, 175-178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eilers, H.

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, "Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12," Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505-15513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Emge, T. J.

Y. Cheng, T. J. Emge, and J. G. Brennan, "Pyridineselenolate complexes of copper and indium: precursors to CuSex and In2Se3," Inorg. Chem. 35, 7339-7344 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flytzanis, C.

C. Flytzanis, "Nonlinear optics in mesoscopic composite materials," J. Phys. B 38, 661-679 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Frantskevich, A. V.

V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, and A. V. Frantskevich, "Transformation of porous doped silica xerogels into multicomponent bulk amorphous monoliths with interesting optical properties," J. Mater. Chem. 11, 149-152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fujimori, A.

H. Ueda, M. Nohara, K. Kitazawa, H. Takagi, A. Fujimori, T. Mizokawa, and T. Yagi, "Copper pyrites CuS2 and CuSe2 as anion conductors," Phys. Rev. B 65, 155104-155108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gaponenko, S. V.

S. V. Gaponenko, Optical Properties of Semiconductor Nanocrystals (Cambridge University, 1998).
[CrossRef]

Garg, J. C.

K. C. Sharma, R. P. Sharma, and J. C. Garg, "Opto-electronic properties of polycrystalline copper selenide films," Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys. 28, 590-595 (1990).

Gasmi, T.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, "Comparison of the cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping," Appl. Phys. B 67, 11-15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grabtchikov, A. S.

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, G. I. Ryabtsev, V. A. Orlovich, and A. A. Demidovich, "Simulated Raman scattering in Nd:KGW laser with diode pumping," J. Alloys Compd. 300-301, 300-302 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gribkovskii, V. P.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, "Comparison of the cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping," Appl. Phys. B 67, 11-15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gurin, V. S.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. S. Gurin, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear properties of phototropic media on the basis of CuxSe nanoparticles in quartz glass," Semiconductors 38, 812-817 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, A. A. Alexeenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, S. A. Zolotovskaya, and G. A. Zhavnerko, "Structure and optical properties of CuxO- and CuxSe-doped solgel silica glasses," Mater. Sci. Eng. 23, 1063-1067 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, S. Wang, K. V. Yumashev, and P. V. Prokoshin, "Solgel silica glasses with nanoparticles of copper selenide: synthesis, optics, and structure," Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3, 493-496 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, V. S. Gurin, P. V. Prokoshin, V. B. Prokopenko, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear optical properties and laser applications of copper chalcogenide quantum dots in glass," Phys. Status Solidi B 224, 815-818 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, and A. V. Frantskevich, "Transformation of porous doped silica xerogels into multicomponent bulk amorphous monoliths with interesting optical properties," J. Mater. Chem. 11, 149-152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, I. A. Denisov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. P. Mikhailov, V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear optical properties of solgel-derived glasses doped with copper selenide nanoparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 572-579 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Haring-Bolivar, P.

V. I. Klimov, P. Haring-Bolivar, H. Kurz, and V. A. Karavanskii, "Optical nonlinearities and carrier trapping dynamics in CdS and CuxS nanocrystals," Superlattices Microstruct. 20, 399-404 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov, P. Haring-Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. A. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Yu. Korkishko, "Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 653-655 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Heyding, R. D.

R. M. Murray, and R. D. Heyding, "The crystal structures of Cu1.8Se, Cu3Se2, alpha- and gammaCuSe, CuSe2, and CuSeII," Can. J. Chem. 54, 841-848 (1976).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Murray and R. D. Heyding, "The copper-selenium system at temperatures to 850 K and pressures to 50 kbar," Can. J. Chem. 53, 878-887 (1975).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Heyding, "The copper/selenium system," Can. J. Chem. 44, 1233-1236 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, K. R.

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, "Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12," Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505-15513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hömmerich, U.

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, "Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12," Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505-15513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M. F.

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, and M. Birnbaum, "Tunable Cr4+:YSOQ-switched Cr:LiCAF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657-663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsen, S. M.

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, "Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12," Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505-15513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jia, W.

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, "Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12," Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505-15513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Karavanskii, V. A.

V. I. Klimov, P. Haring-Bolivar, H. Kurz, and V. A. Karavanskii, "Optical nonlinearities and carrier trapping dynamics in CdS and CuxS nanocrystals," Superlattices Microstruct. 20, 399-404 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov and V. A. Karavanskii, "Mechanisms for optical nonlinearities and ultrafast carrier dynamics in CuxS nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. B 54, 8087-8094 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov, P. Haring-Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. A. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Yu. Korkishko, "Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 653-655 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kawai, S.

K. Okamoto, S. Kawai, and R. Kiriyama, "Electrical and magnetic properties of Cu3Se2 and some related compounds," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 8, 718-724 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kiriyama, R.

K. Okamoto, S. Kawai, and R. Kiriyama, "Electrical and magnetic properties of Cu3Se2 and some related compounds," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 8, 718-724 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kitazawa, K.

H. Ueda, M. Nohara, K. Kitazawa, H. Takagi, A. Fujimori, T. Mizokawa, and T. Yagi, "Copper pyrites CuS2 and CuSe2 as anion conductors," Phys. Rev. B 65, 155104-155108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Klimov, V. I.

V. I. Klimov, P. Haring-Bolivar, H. Kurz, and V. A. Karavanskii, "Optical nonlinearities and carrier trapping dynamics in CdS and CuxS nanocrystals," Superlattices Microstruct. 20, 399-404 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov and V. A. Karavanskii, "Mechanisms for optical nonlinearities and ultrafast carrier dynamics in CuxS nanocrystals," Phys. Rev. B 54, 8087-8094 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov, P. Haring-Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. A. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Yu. Korkishko, "Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 653-655 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering, 5th ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1999), p. 27.

Korkishko, Yu.

V. I. Klimov, P. Haring-Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. A. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Yu. Korkishko, "Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 653-655 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krasovskii, V.

V. I. Klimov, P. Haring-Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. A. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Yu. Korkishko, "Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 653-655 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, Y. K.

Y. K. Kuo, M. F. Huang, and M. Birnbaum, "Tunable Cr4+:YSOQ-switched Cr:LiCAF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 657-663 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

V. I. Klimov, P. Haring-Bolivar, H. Kurz, and V. A. Karavanskii, "Optical nonlinearities and carrier trapping dynamics in CdS and CuxS nanocrystals," Superlattices Microstruct. 20, 399-404 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov, P. Haring-Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. A. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Yu. Korkishko, "Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 653-655 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmin, A. N.

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, G. I. Ryabtsev, V. A. Orlovich, and A. A. Demidovich, "Simulated Raman scattering in Nd:KGW laser with diode pumping," J. Alloys Compd. 300-301, 300-302 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, "Comparison of the cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping," Appl. Phys. B 67, 11-15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lipovskii, A. A.

Lisinetskii, V. A.

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, G. I. Ryabtsev, V. A. Orlovich, and A. A. Demidovich, "Simulated Raman scattering in Nd:KGW laser with diode pumping," J. Alloys Compd. 300-301, 300-302 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lou, Y.

Y. Lou, X. Chen, A. C. Samia, and C. Burda, "Femtosecond spectroscopic investigation of the carrier lifetimes in digenite quantum dots and discrimination of the electron and hole dynamics via ultrafast interfacial electron transfer," J. Phys. Chem. 107, 12431-12437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Malyarevich, A. M.

Mikhailov, V. P.

Mizokawa, T.

H. Ueda, M. Nohara, K. Kitazawa, H. Takagi, A. Fujimori, T. Mizokawa, and T. Yagi, "Copper pyrites CuS2 and CuSe2 as anion conductors," Phys. Rev. B 65, 155104-155108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Murray, R. M.

R. M. Murray, and R. D. Heyding, "The crystal structures of Cu1.8Se, Cu3Se2, alpha- and gammaCuSe, CuSe2, and CuSeII," Can. J. Chem. 54, 841-848 (1976).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Murray and R. D. Heyding, "The copper-selenium system at temperatures to 850 K and pressures to 50 kbar," Can. J. Chem. 53, 878-887 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Nohara, M.

H. Ueda, M. Nohara, K. Kitazawa, H. Takagi, A. Fujimori, T. Mizokawa, and T. Yagi, "Copper pyrites CuS2 and CuSe2 as anion conductors," Phys. Rev. B 65, 155104-155108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, S. Kawai, and R. Kiriyama, "Electrical and magnetic properties of Cu3Se2 and some related compounds," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 8, 718-724 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Orlovich, V. A.

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, G. I. Ryabtsev, V. A. Orlovich, and A. A. Demidovich, "Simulated Raman scattering in Nd:KGW laser with diode pumping," J. Alloys Compd. 300-301, 300-302 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pankove, J. I.

J. I. Pankove, Optical Processes in Semiconductors (Prentice-Hall, 1971).

Philips, J. F.

J. F. Philips, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, "Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass," Appl. Phys. B 72, 175-178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Posnov, N. N.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. S. Gurin, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear properties of phototropic media on the basis of CuxSe nanoparticles in quartz glass," Semiconductors 38, 812-817 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, I. A. Denisov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. P. Mikhailov, V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear optical properties of solgel-derived glasses doped with copper selenide nanoparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 572-579 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prokopenko, V. B.

K. V. Yumashev, V. S. Gurin, P. V. Prokoshin, V. B. Prokopenko, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear optical properties and laser applications of copper chalcogenide quantum dots in glass," Phys. Status Solidi B 224, 815-818 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, S. Wang, K. V. Yumashev, and P. V. Prokoshin, "Solgel silica glasses with nanoparticles of copper selenide: synthesis, optics, and structure," Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3, 493-496 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, and A. V. Frantskevich, "Transformation of porous doped silica xerogels into multicomponent bulk amorphous monoliths with interesting optical properties," J. Mater. Chem. 11, 149-152 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, I. A. Denisov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. P. Mikhailov, V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear optical properties of solgel-derived glasses doped with copper selenide nanoparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 572-579 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prokoshin, P. V.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. S. Gurin, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear properties of phototropic media on the basis of CuxSe nanoparticles in quartz glass," Semiconductors 38, 812-817 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, A. A. Alexeenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, S. A. Zolotovskaya, and G. A. Zhavnerko, "Structure and optical properties of CuxO- and CuxSe-doped solgel silica glasses," Mater. Sci. Eng. 23, 1063-1067 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, V. S. Gurin, P. V. Prokoshin, V. B. Prokopenko, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear optical properties and laser applications of copper chalcogenide quantum dots in glass," Phys. Status Solidi B 224, 815-818 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, S. Wang, K. V. Yumashev, and P. V. Prokoshin, "Solgel silica glasses with nanoparticles of copper selenide: synthesis, optics, and structure," Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3, 493-496 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, I. A. Denisov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. P. Mikhailov, V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear optical properties of solgel-derived glasses doped with copper selenide nanoparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 572-579 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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C. N. R. Rao, "Novel materials, materials design and synthetic strategies: recent advances and new directions," J. Mater. Chem. 9, 1-14 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, G. I. Ryabtsev, V. A. Orlovich, and A. A. Demidovich, "Simulated Raman scattering in Nd:KGW laser with diode pumping," J. Alloys Compd. 300-301, 300-302 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, "Comparison of the cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping," Appl. Phys. B 67, 11-15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Samia, A. C.

Y. Lou, X. Chen, A. C. Samia, and C. Burda, "Femtosecond spectroscopic investigation of the carrier lifetimes in digenite quantum dots and discrimination of the electron and hole dynamics via ultrafast interfacial electron transfer," J. Phys. Chem. 107, 12431-12437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R.

J. F. Philips, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, "Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass," Appl. Phys. B 72, 175-178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Savitsky, V. G.

Sharma, K. C.

K. C. Sharma, R. P. Sharma, and J. C. Garg, "Opto-electronic properties of polycrystalline copper selenide films," Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys. 28, 590-595 (1990).

Sharma, R. P.

K. C. Sharma, R. P. Sharma, and J. C. Garg, "Opto-electronic properties of polycrystalline copper selenide films," Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys. 28, 590-595 (1990).

Shkadarevich, A. P.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, "Comparison of the cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping," Appl. Phys. B 67, 11-15 (1998).
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Stein, R. A.

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Szabo, A.

A. Szabo and R. A. Stein, "Theory of laser giant pulsing by a saturable absorber," J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1562-1566 (1965).
[CrossRef]

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H. Ueda, M. Nohara, K. Kitazawa, H. Takagi, A. Fujimori, T. Mizokawa, and T. Yagi, "Copper pyrites CuS2 and CuSe2 as anion conductors," Phys. Rev. B 65, 155104-155108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Topfer, T.

J. F. Philips, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, "Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass," Appl. Phys. B 72, 175-178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, H.

H. Ueda, M. Nohara, K. Kitazawa, H. Takagi, A. Fujimori, T. Mizokawa, and T. Yagi, "Copper pyrites CuS2 and CuSe2 as anion conductors," Phys. Rev. B 65, 155104-155108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, S. Wang, K. V. Yumashev, and P. V. Prokoshin, "Solgel silica glasses with nanoparticles of copper selenide: synthesis, optics, and structure," Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3, 493-496 (2001).
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U. Woggon, Optical Properties of Semiconductor Quantum Dots (Springer-Verlag, 1998).

Yagi, T.

H. Ueda, M. Nohara, K. Kitazawa, H. Takagi, A. Fujimori, T. Mizokawa, and T. Yagi, "Copper pyrites CuS2 and CuSe2 as anion conductors," Phys. Rev. B 65, 155104-155108 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yen, W. M.

H. Eilers, U. Hömmerich, S. M. Jacobsen, W. M. Yen, K. R. Hoffman, and W. Jia, "Spectroscopy and dynamics of Cr4+:Y3Al5O12," Phys. Rev. B 49, 15505-15513 (1994).
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A. D. Yoffe, "Semiconductor quantum dots and related systems: electronic, optical, luminescence and related properties of low dimensional systems," Adv. Phys. 50, 1-208 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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S. A. Zolotovskaya, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. S. Gurin, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear properties of phototropic media on the basis of CuxSe nanoparticles in quartz glass," Semiconductors 38, 812-817 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, A. A. Alexeenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, S. A. Zolotovskaya, and G. A. Zhavnerko, "Structure and optical properties of CuxO- and CuxSe-doped solgel silica glasses," Mater. Sci. Eng. 23, 1063-1067 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, S. Wang, K. V. Yumashev, and P. V. Prokoshin, "Solgel silica glasses with nanoparticles of copper selenide: synthesis, optics, and structure," Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3, 493-496 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, V. S. Gurin, P. V. Prokoshin, V. B. Prokopenko, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear optical properties and laser applications of copper chalcogenide quantum dots in glass," Phys. Status Solidi B 224, 815-818 (2001).
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A. M. Malyarevich, I. A. Denisov, V. G. Savitsky, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Lipovskii, "Glass doped with PbS quantum dots for passive Q-switching of a 1.54 μm laser," Appl. Opt. 39, 4345-4347 (2000).
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K. V. Yumashev, N. N. Posnov, I. A. Denisov, P. V. Prokoshin, V. P. Mikhailov, V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear optical properties of solgel-derived glasses doped with copper selenide nanoparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 572-579 (2000).
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V. S. Gurin, A. A. Alexeenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, S. A. Zolotovskaya, and G. A. Zhavnerko, "Structure and optical properties of CuxO- and CuxSe-doped solgel silica glasses," Mater. Sci. Eng. 23, 1063-1067 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zolotovskaya, S. A.

S. A. Zolotovskaya, N. N. Posnov, P. V. Prokoshin, K. V. Yumashev, V. S. Gurin, and A. A. Alexeenko, "Nonlinear properties of phototropic media on the basis of CuxSe nanoparticles in quartz glass," Semiconductors 38, 812-817 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Gurin, A. A. Alexeenko, K. V. Yumashev, P. V. Prokoshin, S. A. Zolotovskaya, and G. A. Zhavnerko, "Structure and optical properties of CuxO- and CuxSe-doped solgel silica glasses," Mater. Sci. Eng. 23, 1063-1067 (2003).
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Adv. Phys.

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Appl. Phys. B

J. F. Philips, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, "Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass," Appl. Phys. B 72, 175-178 (2001).
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Appl. Phys. Lett.

V. I. Klimov, P. Haring-Bolivar, H. Kurz, V. A. Karavanskii, V. Krasovskii, and Yu. Korkishko, "Linear and nonlinear transmission of CuxS quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 653-655 (1995).
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[CrossRef]

R. M. Murray and R. D. Heyding, "The copper-selenium system at temperatures to 850 K and pressures to 50 kbar," Can. J. Chem. 53, 878-887 (1975).
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Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys.

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V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, S. Wang, K. V. Yumashev, and P. V. Prokoshin, "Solgel silica glasses with nanoparticles of copper selenide: synthesis, optics, and structure," Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3, 493-496 (2001).
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J. Alloys Compd.

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, G. I. Ryabtsev, V. A. Orlovich, and A. A. Demidovich, "Simulated Raman scattering in Nd:KGW laser with diode pumping," J. Alloys Compd. 300-301, 300-302 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

A. Szabo and R. A. Stein, "Theory of laser giant pulsing by a saturable absorber," J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1562-1566 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem.

V. S. Gurin, V. B. Prokopenko, A. A. Alexeenko, and A. V. Frantskevich, "Transformation of porous doped silica xerogels into multicomponent bulk amorphous monoliths with interesting optical properties," J. Mater. Chem. 11, 149-152 (2001).
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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

X-ray-diffraction pattern of Cu x Se -doped glasses. Bars indicate the reference data, Cu 2 δ Se , JCPDS 06-0680.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical micrograph of the nanoparticles produced in the Cu x Se -doped glasses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption spectra of the silica glasses embedded with Cu x Se nanoparticles. The inset is an energy-level diagram for the Cu x Se nanoparticles.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Kinetics of the bleaching relaxation of the glasses containing Cu x Se nanoparticles at 1.08 μ m ( 1.15 eV ) : Dots, experimental; solid lines, linear fit of the experimental data.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Intensity-dependent absorption of Cu x Se nanoparticles in silica glasses at 1.08 μ m ( 1.15 eV ) for 15 ps pulses from the mode-locked Nd:YAP laser: Dots, experimental data; solid curves, results of simulation. The inset shows the intensity-dependent absorption of the Cu x Se nanoparticles at low-energy fluence.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic of the diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:KGW laser: OC, output coupler; R, radius of curvature; T, output transmittance; LD, laser diode; SA, saturable absorber.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output power for cw and Q-switched (filled circles, 2.5% output coupler; open circles, 7% output coupler) operations of a diode-pumped 1.067 μ m Nd:KGW laser passively Q-switched with Cu x Se -doped glass. The solid lines are guides.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Dependence of the output Q-switched pulse width (filled circles, 2.5% output coupler; open circles, 7% output coupler) and the repetition rate (filled squares, 2.5% output coupler; open squares, 7% output coupler) of a cw diode-pumped 1.067 μ m Nd:KGW laser passively Q-switched with Cu x Se -doped glass.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Results of the numerical simulation of a Nd:KGW laser passively Q-switched with (a) Cr:YAG crystal and (b) Cu x Se -doped glass: solid curves, photon density in the cavity n; dotted curves, the saturable absorber transmittance T, as functions of time.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary Results of the Bleaching Decay and Intensity-Dependent Absorption Measurements of Silica Glasses with Cu x Se Nanoparticles at 1.08 μ m ( 1.15 eV )

Tables Icon

Table 2 Output Parameters of the Q-Switch Operation for cw Diode-Pumped Nd:KGW 1.067 μ m Lasers with Cu x Se -Doped Glasses and Cr:YAG Saturable Absorbers at an Absorbed Pump Power of 395 mW

Tables Icon

Table 3 Spectroscopic Characteristics of Cr:YAG Crystal and Cu x Se -Doped Silica Glass at 1 μ m Used for the Numerical Simulation of a Passively Q-Switched Nd:KGW Laser

Equations (7)

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Δ OD ( t d ) = Δ OD ( 0 ) exp ( t τ ) ,
d E d z = h ν [ ln ( 1 T 0 ) L σ GSA ] [ 1 exp ( σ GSA E h ν ) ] α R E ,
α 0 max α ( ω pump ) = σ max σ ( ω pump ) ,
d n ( t ) d t = { 2 σ GM l GM n GM ( t ) 2 σ GSA l SA n GSA ( t ) 2 σ ESA l SA n ESA ( t ) 2 α R l SA [ ln ( 1 R ) L ] } n ( t ) t c ,
d n GM ( t ) d t = γ σ GM n GM ( t ) c n ( t ) + W p n GM ( t ) τ GM ,
d n GSA ( t ) d t = σ GSA n GSA ( t ) c n ( t ) + n ESA ( t ) τ SA ,
n ESA ( t ) = ln ( T 0 ) l SA σ GSA n GSA ( t ) ,

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