Abstract

The disordered crystal LiGd0.936Yb0.064(MoO4)2 was grown with high optical quality by the flux method using Li2MoO4 as a solvent. The crystal possesses tetragonal symmetry belonging to the space group I4¯, with two nonequivalent sites occupied by the dopant. Spectroscopic studies at 5 and 300K provided information on the Stark energy-level splitting and the absorption and emission cross sections of the Yb3+ ion. Laser operation of Yb3+ was obtained for the first time in such a Li-containing double tungstate or molybdate. The tuning range with a Ti:sapphire laser pumping extended over 32nm for the σ polarization and 23nm for the π polarization. Without a tuning element the laser performance was similar for the two polarizations. By using a 10% transmission output coupler, a maximum output power of 470mW was obtained with a slope efficiency η=64.5% and the absorbed pump power at threshold was 520mW. Laser operation was also achieved by pumping with a tapered diode laser and a fiber-coupled diode laser module, with a Yb laser output power of 0.66W in the latter case.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  3. J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.
  4. J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, C. Cascales, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth and continuous-wave laser operation of disordered crystals of Yb3+:NaLa(WO4)2 and Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Phys. Status Solidi A 202, R29-R31 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Rico, J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, A. Garcia-Cortés, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous wave and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in disordered NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 621-625 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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  12. V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu. D. Zavartsev, V. A. Kondratyuk, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Y. Jang, S. Chae, and I. Bae, "Diode pumped LiLa1−xNdx(MoO4)2 and Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical/Europe, Conference Digest, paper CTuK54, p. 113.
  13. A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, N. S. Nikonova, M. V. Provotorov, and S. E. Sarkisov, "Stimulated emission from the new LiGd(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 12, K73-K75 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv, "New cw crystal lasers," JETP Lett. 16, 387-389 (1972) A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv,[Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis'ma Red. 16, 548-551 (1972)].
  15. P. V. Klevtsov and L. P. Kozeeva, "Synthesis of double lithium molybdates of rare earths and yttrium," Inorg. Mater. 5, 1571-1572 (1969) P. V. Klevtsov and L. P. Kozeeva,[Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 5, 1842-1843 (1969)].
  16. M. V. Mokhosoev, E. I. Get'man, and F. P. Alekseev, "Double molybdates of the alkali and rare-earth elements with the composition MeLn(MoO4)2," Dokl. Chem. 185, 201-202 (1969) M. V. Mokhosoev, E. I. Get'man, and F. P. Alekseev,[Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 185, 361-362 (1969)].
  17. A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov, "The crystal-structure of LiCe(MoO4)2," Inorg. Mater. 18, 1763-1766 (1982) A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov,[Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 18, 2036-2038 (1982)].
  18. U. Kolitsch, "The crystal structures of phenacite-type Li2(MoO4), and scheelite-type LiY(MoO4)2 and LiNd(MoO4)2," Z. Kristallogr. 216, 449-454 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. F. Klevtsova, "The crystal structure of lithium lanthanum molybdate α-LiLa(MoO4)2," Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 20, 456-458 (1975) R. F. Klevtsova,[Kristallografiya 20, 746-750 (1975)].
  20. V. Volkov, C. Cascales, A. Kling, and C. Zaldo, "Growth, structure, and evaluation of laser properties of LiYb(MoO4)2 single crystal," Chem. Mater. 17, 291-300 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. H. McCaroll and M. Greenblatt, "Preparation of lithium molybdenum oxide bronzes by a temperature gradient flux growth technique," J. Solid State Chem. 54, 282-290 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  22. B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev, "Defect structure and phase transitions in LiR(MoO4)2 compounds (R=Nd, Gd)," Sov. Phys. Solid State 20, 1103-1105 (1978) B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev,[Fiz. Tverd. Tela 20, 1907-1910 (1978)].
  23. P. Porcher, M. Couto dos Santos, and O. Malta, "Relationship between phenomenological crystal field parameters and crystal structure. The simple overlap model," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 397-405 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. Rico, "Espectroscopia óptica del Er3+ y su sensibilización con Yb3+ en monocristales conversores de frecuencia," Ph.D. dissertation (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 2003).
  25. P. Porcher (Laboratoire de Chemie Appliquée, de l'État Solide, CNRS-Ecole Nationale Superieur de Chemie de Paris, Paris, France), is preparing a manuscript titled "Fortran routines REEL and IMAGE for simulation of dN and fN configurations involving real and complex crystal-field parameters" (1989).
  26. D. E. McCumber, "Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra," Phys. Rev. 136, A954-A957 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (4)

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, C. Cascales, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth and continuous-wave laser operation of disordered crystals of Yb3+:NaLa(WO4)2 and Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Phys. Status Solidi A 202, R29-R31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Mandrik, A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, G. N. Klavsut, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "CW and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1119-1121 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Rico, J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, A. Garcia-Cortés, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous wave and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in disordered NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 621-625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Volkov, C. Cascales, A. Kling, and C. Zaldo, "Growth, structure, and evaluation of laser properties of LiYb(MoO4)2 single crystal," Chem. Mater. 17, 291-300 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

U. Kolitsch, "The crystal structures of phenacite-type Li2(MoO4), and scheelite-type LiY(MoO4)2 and LiNd(MoO4)2," Z. Kristallogr. 216, 449-454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

P. Porcher, M. Couto dos Santos, and O. Malta, "Relationship between phenomenological crystal field parameters and crystal structure. The simple overlap model," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 397-405 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

W. H. McCaroll and M. Greenblatt, "Preparation of lithium molybdenum oxide bronzes by a temperature gradient flux growth technique," J. Solid State Chem. 54, 282-290 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov, "The crystal-structure of LiCe(MoO4)2," Inorg. Mater. 18, 1763-1766 (1982) A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov,[Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 18, 2036-2038 (1982)].

1978 (1)

B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev, "Defect structure and phase transitions in LiR(MoO4)2 compounds (R=Nd, Gd)," Sov. Phys. Solid State 20, 1103-1105 (1978) B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev,[Fiz. Tverd. Tela 20, 1907-1910 (1978)].

1975 (2)

R. F. Klevtsova, "The crystal structure of lithium lanthanum molybdate α-LiLa(MoO4)2," Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 20, 456-458 (1975) R. F. Klevtsova,[Kristallografiya 20, 746-750 (1975)].

P. V. Klevtsov, L. P. Kozeeva, and L. Yu. Kharchenko, "Study on the crystallization and polymorphism of double potassium and trivalent metal tungstates, KR(WO4)2," Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 20, 732-735 (1975) P. V. Klevtsov, L. P. Kozeeva, and L. Yu. Kharchenko,[Kristallografiya 20, 1210-1215 (1975)].

1974 (1)

A. A. Kaminiskii and S. E. Sarkisov, "Investigation of the stimulated emission due to F3/24—>I13/24 transition in Nd3+ ions in crystals. IV," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 3, 248-249 (1974) A. A. Kaminiskii and S. E. Sarkisov[Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3(15), 106-108 (1973)].
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, S. E. Sarkisov, and M. V. Provotorov, "Investigation of stimulated emission from LiLa(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 17, K115-K117 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, N. S. Nikonova, M. V. Provotorov, and S. E. Sarkisov, "Stimulated emission from the new LiGd(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 12, K73-K75 (1972).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv, "New cw crystal lasers," JETP Lett. 16, 387-389 (1972) A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv,[Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis'ma Red. 16, 548-551 (1972)].

1969 (2)

P. V. Klevtsov and L. P. Kozeeva, "Synthesis of double lithium molybdates of rare earths and yttrium," Inorg. Mater. 5, 1571-1572 (1969) P. V. Klevtsov and L. P. Kozeeva,[Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 5, 1842-1843 (1969)].

M. V. Mokhosoev, E. I. Get'man, and F. P. Alekseev, "Double molybdates of the alkali and rare-earth elements with the composition MeLn(MoO4)2," Dokl. Chem. 185, 201-202 (1969) M. V. Mokhosoev, E. I. Get'man, and F. P. Alekseev,[Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 185, 361-362 (1969)].

1964 (1)

D. E. McCumber, "Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra," Phys. Rev. 136, A954-A957 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Ackermann, L.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, and C. Dupre, "First Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 solid-state laser pumped by Ti:sapphire and diode laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB44.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

Aguiló, M.

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Alekseev, F. P.

M. V. Mokhosoev, E. I. Get'man, and F. P. Alekseev, "Double molybdates of the alkali and rare-earth elements with the composition MeLn(MoO4)2," Dokl. Chem. 185, 201-202 (1969) M. V. Mokhosoev, E. I. Get'man, and F. P. Alekseev,[Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 185, 361-362 (1969)].

Bae, I.

V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu. D. Zavartsev, V. A. Kondratyuk, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Y. Jang, S. Chae, and I. Bae, "Diode pumped LiLa1−xNdx(MoO4)2 and Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical/Europe, Conference Digest, paper CTuK54, p. 113.

Bagdasarov, Kh. S.

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv, "New cw crystal lasers," JETP Lett. 16, 387-389 (1972) A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv,[Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis'ma Red. 16, 548-551 (1972)].

Bursukova, M. A.

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cano-Torres, J. M.

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, C. Cascales, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth and continuous-wave laser operation of disordered crystals of Yb3+:NaLa(WO4)2 and Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Phys. Status Solidi A 202, R29-R31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Rico, J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, A. Garcia-Cortés, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous wave and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in disordered NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 621-625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous-wave diode-pumped operation of an Yb:NaLa(WO4)2 laser at room temperature," Opt. Laser Technol. (to be published).

Cascales, C.

M. Rico, J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, A. Garcia-Cortés, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous wave and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in disordered NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 621-625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, C. Cascales, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth and continuous-wave laser operation of disordered crystals of Yb3+:NaLa(WO4)2 and Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Phys. Status Solidi A 202, R29-R31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Volkov, C. Cascales, A. Kling, and C. Zaldo, "Growth, structure, and evaluation of laser properties of LiYb(MoO4)2 single crystal," Chem. Mater. 17, 291-300 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, "Tunable laser operation of ytterbium in disordered single crystals of Yb:NaGd(WO4)2," Opt. Express 12, 5362-5367 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

S. Rivier, M. Rico, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, "Sub-80fs pulses from a mode-locked Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Conference Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CF4-4-THU.

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous-wave diode-pumped operation of an Yb:NaLa(WO4)2 laser at room temperature," Opt. Laser Technol. (to be published).

Chae, S.

V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu. D. Zavartsev, V. A. Kondratyuk, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Y. Jang, S. Chae, and I. Bae, "Diode pumped LiLa1−xNdx(MoO4)2 and Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical/Europe, Conference Digest, paper CTuK54, p. 113.

Couto dos Santos, M.

P. Porcher, M. Couto dos Santos, and O. Malta, "Relationship between phenomenological crystal field parameters and crystal structure. The simple overlap model," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 397-405 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Díaz, F.

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dupre, C.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, and C. Dupre, "First Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 solid-state laser pumped by Ti:sapphire and diode laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB44.

Egorova, A. N.

A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov, "The crystal-structure of LiCe(MoO4)2," Inorg. Mater. 18, 1763-1766 (1982) A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov,[Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 18, 2036-2038 (1982)].

Esteban-Betegón, F.

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, C. Cascales, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth and continuous-wave laser operation of disordered crystals of Yb3+:NaLa(WO4)2 and Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Phys. Status Solidi A 202, R29-R31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, "Tunable laser operation of ytterbium in disordered single crystals of Yb:NaGd(WO4)2," Opt. Express 12, 5362-5367 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous-wave diode-pumped operation of an Yb:NaLa(WO4)2 laser at room temperature," Opt. Laser Technol. (to be published).

S. Rivier, M. Rico, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, "Sub-80fs pulses from a mode-locked Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Conference Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CF4-4-THU.

Galyamov, B. Sh.

B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev, "Defect structure and phase transitions in LiR(MoO4)2 compounds (R=Nd, Gd)," Sov. Phys. Solid State 20, 1103-1105 (1978) B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev,[Fiz. Tverd. Tela 20, 1907-1910 (1978)].

Garcia-Cortés, A.

M. Rico, J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, A. Garcia-Cortés, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous wave and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in disordered NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 621-625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gavaldá, Jna.

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Get'man, E. I.

M. V. Mokhosoev, E. I. Get'man, and F. P. Alekseev, "Double molybdates of the alkali and rare-earth elements with the composition MeLn(MoO4)2," Dokl. Chem. 185, 201-202 (1969) M. V. Mokhosoev, E. I. Get'man, and F. P. Alekseev,[Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 185, 361-362 (1969)].

Greenblatt, M.

W. H. McCaroll and M. Greenblatt, "Preparation of lithium molybdenum oxide bronzes by a temperature gradient flux growth technique," J. Solid State Chem. 54, 282-290 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

M. Rico, J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, A. Garcia-Cortés, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous wave and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in disordered NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 621-625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, C. Cascales, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth and continuous-wave laser operation of disordered crystals of Yb3+:NaLa(WO4)2 and Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Phys. Status Solidi A 202, R29-R31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, "Tunable laser operation of ytterbium in disordered single crystals of Yb:NaGd(WO4)2," Opt. Express 12, 5362-5367 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous-wave diode-pumped operation of an Yb:NaLa(WO4)2 laser at room temperature," Opt. Laser Technol. (to be published).

S. Rivier, M. Rico, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, "Sub-80fs pulses from a mode-locked Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Conference Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CF4-4-THU.

Güell, F.

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, and C. Dupre, "First Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 solid-state laser pumped by Ti:sapphire and diode laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB44.

Jang, Y.

V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu. D. Zavartsev, V. A. Kondratyuk, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Y. Jang, S. Chae, and I. Bae, "Diode pumped LiLa1−xNdx(MoO4)2 and Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical/Europe, Conference Digest, paper CTuK54, p. 113.

Johannsen, J.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, and C. Dupre, "First Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 solid-state laser pumped by Ti:sapphire and diode laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB44.

Kaminiskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminiskii and S. E. Sarkisov, "Investigation of the stimulated emission due to F3/24—>I13/24 transition in Nd3+ ions in crystals. IV," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 3, 248-249 (1974) A. A. Kaminiskii and S. E. Sarkisov[Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3(15), 106-108 (1973)].
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, S. E. Sarkisov, and M. V. Provotorov, "Investigation of stimulated emission from LiLa(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 17, K115-K117 (1973).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv, "New cw crystal lasers," JETP Lett. 16, 387-389 (1972) A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv,[Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis'ma Red. 16, 548-551 (1972)].

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, N. S. Nikonova, M. V. Provotorov, and S. E. Sarkisov, "Stimulated emission from the new LiGd(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 12, K73-K75 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kharchenko, L. Yu.

P. V. Klevtsov, L. P. Kozeeva, and L. Yu. Kharchenko, "Study on the crystallization and polymorphism of double potassium and trivalent metal tungstates, KR(WO4)2," Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 20, 732-735 (1975) P. V. Klevtsov, L. P. Kozeeva, and L. Yu. Kharchenko,[Kristallografiya 20, 1210-1215 (1975)].

Kisel, V. E.

A. V. Mandrik, A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, G. N. Klavsut, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "CW and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1119-1121 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Klavsut, G. N.

A. V. Mandrik, A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, G. N. Klavsut, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "CW and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1119-1121 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Klevtsov, P. V.

P. V. Klevtsov, L. P. Kozeeva, and L. Yu. Kharchenko, "Study on the crystallization and polymorphism of double potassium and trivalent metal tungstates, KR(WO4)2," Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 20, 732-735 (1975) P. V. Klevtsov, L. P. Kozeeva, and L. Yu. Kharchenko,[Kristallografiya 20, 1210-1215 (1975)].

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv, "New cw crystal lasers," JETP Lett. 16, 387-389 (1972) A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv,[Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis'ma Red. 16, 548-551 (1972)].

P. V. Klevtsov and L. P. Kozeeva, "Synthesis of double lithium molybdates of rare earths and yttrium," Inorg. Mater. 5, 1571-1572 (1969) P. V. Klevtsov and L. P. Kozeeva,[Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 5, 1842-1843 (1969)].

Klevtsova, R. F.

R. F. Klevtsova, "The crystal structure of lithium lanthanum molybdate α-LiLa(MoO4)2," Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 20, 456-458 (1975) R. F. Klevtsova,[Kristallografiya 20, 746-750 (1975)].

Kling, A.

V. Volkov, C. Cascales, A. Kling, and C. Zaldo, "Growth, structure, and evaluation of laser properties of LiYb(MoO4)2 single crystal," Chem. Mater. 17, 291-300 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Klopp, P.

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kolitsch, U.

U. Kolitsch, "The crystal structures of phenacite-type Li2(MoO4), and scheelite-type LiY(MoO4)2 and LiNd(MoO4)2," Z. Kristallogr. 216, 449-454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kondratyuk, V. A.

V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu. D. Zavartsev, V. A. Kondratyuk, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Y. Jang, S. Chae, and I. Bae, "Diode pumped LiLa1−xNdx(MoO4)2 and Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical/Europe, Conference Digest, paper CTuK54, p. 113.

Kozeeva, L. P.

P. V. Klevtsov, L. P. Kozeeva, and L. Yu. Kharchenko, "Study on the crystallization and polymorphism of double potassium and trivalent metal tungstates, KR(WO4)2," Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 20, 732-735 (1975) P. V. Klevtsov, L. P. Kozeeva, and L. Yu. Kharchenko,[Kristallografiya 20, 1210-1215 (1975)].

P. V. Klevtsov and L. P. Kozeeva, "Synthesis of double lithium molybdates of rare earths and yttrium," Inorg. Mater. 5, 1571-1572 (1969) P. V. Klevtsov and L. P. Kozeeva,[Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 5, 1842-1843 (1969)].

Kuleshov, N. V.

A. V. Mandrik, A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, G. N. Klavsut, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "CW and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1119-1121 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

M. Rico, J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, A. Garcia-Cortés, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous wave and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in disordered NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 621-625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, C. Cascales, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth and continuous-wave laser operation of disordered crystals of Yb3+:NaLa(WO4)2 and Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Phys. Status Solidi A 202, R29-R31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, "Tunable laser operation of ytterbium in disordered single crystals of Yb:NaGd(WO4)2," Opt. Express 12, 5362-5367 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous-wave diode-pumped operation of an Yb:NaLa(WO4)2 laser at room temperature," Opt. Laser Technol. (to be published).

Maier, A. A.

A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov, "The crystal-structure of LiCe(MoO4)2," Inorg. Mater. 18, 1763-1766 (1982) A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov,[Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 18, 2036-2038 (1982)].

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv, "New cw crystal lasers," JETP Lett. 16, 387-389 (1972) A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv,[Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis'ma Red. 16, 548-551 (1972)].

Malta, O.

P. Porcher, M. Couto dos Santos, and O. Malta, "Relationship between phenomenological crystal field parameters and crystal structure. The simple overlap model," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 397-405 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mandrik, A. V.

A. V. Mandrik, A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, G. N. Klavsut, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "CW and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1119-1121 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Massons, J.

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, X.

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mayer, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, S. E. Sarkisov, and M. V. Provotorov, "Investigation of stimulated emission from LiLa(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 17, K115-K117 (1973).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, N. S. Nikonova, M. V. Provotorov, and S. E. Sarkisov, "Stimulated emission from the new LiGd(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 12, K73-K75 (1972).
[CrossRef]

McCaroll, W. H.

W. H. McCaroll and M. Greenblatt, "Preparation of lithium molybdenum oxide bronzes by a temperature gradient flux growth technique," J. Solid State Chem. 54, 282-290 (1984).
[CrossRef]

McCumber, D. E.

D. E. McCumber, "Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra," Phys. Rev. 136, A954-A957 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. A.

V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu. D. Zavartsev, V. A. Kondratyuk, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Y. Jang, S. Chae, and I. Bae, "Diode pumped LiLa1−xNdx(MoO4)2 and Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical/Europe, Conference Digest, paper CTuK54, p. 113.

Mokhosoev, M. V.

M. V. Mokhosoev, E. I. Get'man, and F. P. Alekseev, "Double molybdates of the alkali and rare-earth elements with the composition MeLn(MoO4)2," Dokl. Chem. 185, 201-202 (1969) M. V. Mokhosoev, E. I. Get'man, and F. P. Alekseev,[Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 185, 361-362 (1969)].

Mond, M.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, and C. Dupre, "First Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 solid-state laser pumped by Ti:sapphire and diode laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB44.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

Nevskii, N. N.

A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov, "The crystal-structure of LiCe(MoO4)2," Inorg. Mater. 18, 1763-1766 (1982) A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov,[Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 18, 2036-2038 (1982)].

Nikonova, N. S.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, N. S. Nikonova, M. V. Provotorov, and S. E. Sarkisov, "Stimulated emission from the new LiGd(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 12, K73-K75 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Okonenko, S. A.

B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev, "Defect structure and phase transitions in LiR(MoO4)2 compounds (R=Nd, Gd)," Sov. Phys. Solid State 20, 1103-1105 (1978) B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev,[Fiz. Tverd. Tela 20, 1907-1910 (1978)].

Pavlyuk, A. A.

A. V. Mandrik, A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, G. N. Klavsut, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "CW and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1119-1121 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv, "New cw crystal lasers," JETP Lett. 16, 387-389 (1972) A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv,[Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis'ma Red. 16, 548-551 (1972)].

Petermann, K.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, and C. Dupre, "First Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 solid-state laser pumped by Ti:sapphire and diode laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB44.

Petrosyan, A. G.

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv, "New cw crystal lasers," JETP Lett. 16, 387-389 (1972) A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv,[Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis'ma Red. 16, 548-551 (1972)].

Petrov, V.

M. Rico, J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, A. Garcia-Cortés, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous wave and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in disordered NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 621-625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, C. Cascales, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth and continuous-wave laser operation of disordered crystals of Yb3+:NaLa(WO4)2 and Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Phys. Status Solidi A 202, R29-R31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, "Tunable laser operation of ytterbium in disordered single crystals of Yb:NaGd(WO4)2," Opt. Express 12, 5362-5367 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous-wave diode-pumped operation of an Yb:NaLa(WO4)2 laser at room temperature," Opt. Laser Technol. (to be published).

S. Rivier, M. Rico, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, "Sub-80fs pulses from a mode-locked Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Conference Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CF4-4-THU.

Porcher, P.

P. Porcher, M. Couto dos Santos, and O. Malta, "Relationship between phenomenological crystal field parameters and crystal structure. The simple overlap model," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 397-405 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Porcher (Laboratoire de Chemie Appliquée, de l'État Solide, CNRS-Ecole Nationale Superieur de Chemie de Paris, Paris, France), is preparing a manuscript titled "Fortran routines REEL and IMAGE for simulation of dN and fN configurations involving real and complex crystal-field parameters" (1989).

Provotorov, M. V.

A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov, "The crystal-structure of LiCe(MoO4)2," Inorg. Mater. 18, 1763-1766 (1982) A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov,[Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 18, 2036-2038 (1982)].

B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev, "Defect structure and phase transitions in LiR(MoO4)2 compounds (R=Nd, Gd)," Sov. Phys. Solid State 20, 1103-1105 (1978) B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev,[Fiz. Tverd. Tela 20, 1907-1910 (1978)].

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, S. E. Sarkisov, and M. V. Provotorov, "Investigation of stimulated emission from LiLa(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 17, K115-K117 (1973).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, N. S. Nikonova, M. V. Provotorov, and S. E. Sarkisov, "Stimulated emission from the new LiGd(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 12, K73-K75 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Provotorv, M. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv, "New cw crystal lasers," JETP Lett. 16, 387-389 (1972) A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv,[Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis'ma Red. 16, 548-551 (1972)].

Pujol, M. C.

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rico, M.

M. Rico, J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, A. Garcia-Cortés, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous wave and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in disordered NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 621-625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, C. Cascales, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth and continuous-wave laser operation of disordered crystals of Yb3+:NaLa(WO4)2 and Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Phys. Status Solidi A 202, R29-R31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, "Tunable laser operation of ytterbium in disordered single crystals of Yb:NaGd(WO4)2," Opt. Express 12, 5362-5367 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous-wave diode-pumped operation of an Yb:NaLa(WO4)2 laser at room temperature," Opt. Laser Technol. (to be published).

S. Rivier, M. Rico, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, "Sub-80fs pulses from a mode-locked Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Conference Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CF4-4-THU.

M. Rico, "Espectroscopia óptica del Er3+ y su sensibilización con Yb3+ en monocristales conversores de frecuencia," Ph.D. dissertation (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 2003).

Rivier, S.

S. Rivier, M. Rico, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, "Sub-80fs pulses from a mode-locked Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Conference Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CF4-4-THU.

Roginskaya, Yu. E.

B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev, "Defect structure and phase transitions in LiR(MoO4)2 compounds (R=Nd, Gd)," Sov. Phys. Solid State 20, 1103-1105 (1978) B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev,[Fiz. Tverd. Tela 20, 1907-1910 (1978)].

Rytz, D.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, and C. Dupre, "First Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 solid-state laser pumped by Ti:sapphire and diode laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB44.

Sarkisov, S. E.

A. A. Kaminiskii and S. E. Sarkisov, "Investigation of the stimulated emission due to F3/24—>I13/24 transition in Nd3+ ions in crystals. IV," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 3, 248-249 (1974) A. A. Kaminiskii and S. E. Sarkisov[Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3(15), 106-108 (1973)].
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, S. E. Sarkisov, and M. V. Provotorov, "Investigation of stimulated emission from LiLa(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 17, K115-K117 (1973).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, N. S. Nikonova, M. V. Provotorov, and S. E. Sarkisov, "Stimulated emission from the new LiGd(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 12, K73-K75 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Serrano, M. D.

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, C. Cascales, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth and continuous-wave laser operation of disordered crystals of Yb3+:NaLa(WO4)2 and Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Phys. Status Solidi A 202, R29-R31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, "Tunable laser operation of ytterbium in disordered single crystals of Yb:NaGd(WO4)2," Opt. Express 12, 5362-5367 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

S. Rivier, M. Rico, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, "Sub-80fs pulses from a mode-locked Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Conference Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CF4-4-THU.

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous-wave diode-pumped operation of an Yb:NaLa(WO4)2 laser at room temperature," Opt. Laser Technol. (to be published).

Shcherbakov, I. A.

V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu. D. Zavartsev, V. A. Kondratyuk, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Y. Jang, S. Chae, and I. Bae, "Diode pumped LiLa1−xNdx(MoO4)2 and Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical/Europe, Conference Digest, paper CTuK54, p. 113.

Solé, R.

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Studenikin, P. A.

V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu. D. Zavartsev, V. A. Kondratyuk, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Y. Jang, S. Chae, and I. Bae, "Diode pumped LiLa1−xNdx(MoO4)2 and Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical/Europe, Conference Digest, paper CTuK54, p. 113.

Troshin, A. E.

A. V. Mandrik, A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, G. N. Klavsut, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "CW and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1119-1121 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Venevtsev, Yu. N.

B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev, "Defect structure and phase transitions in LiR(MoO4)2 compounds (R=Nd, Gd)," Sov. Phys. Solid State 20, 1103-1105 (1978) B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev,[Fiz. Tverd. Tela 20, 1907-1910 (1978)].

Volkov, V.

V. Volkov, C. Cascales, A. Kling, and C. Zaldo, "Growth, structure, and evaluation of laser properties of LiYb(MoO4)2 single crystal," Chem. Mater. 17, 291-300 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, C. Cascales, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth and continuous-wave laser operation of disordered crystals of Yb3+:NaLa(WO4)2 and Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Phys. Status Solidi A 202, R29-R31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weyers, M.

S. Rivier, M. Rico, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, "Sub-80fs pulses from a mode-locked Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Conference Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CF4-4-THU.

Yasukevich, A. S.

A. V. Mandrik, A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, G. N. Klavsut, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "CW and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1119-1121 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu. D. Zavartsev, V. A. Kondratyuk, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Y. Jang, S. Chae, and I. Bae, "Diode pumped LiLa1−xNdx(MoO4)2 and Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical/Europe, Conference Digest, paper CTuK54, p. 113.

Zaldo, C.

V. Volkov, C. Cascales, A. Kling, and C. Zaldo, "Growth, structure, and evaluation of laser properties of LiYb(MoO4)2 single crystal," Chem. Mater. 17, 291-300 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Rico, J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, A. Garcia-Cortés, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous wave and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in disordered NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 621-625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, C. Cascales, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth and continuous-wave laser operation of disordered crystals of Yb3+:NaLa(WO4)2 and Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Phys. Status Solidi A 202, R29-R31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, "Tunable laser operation of ytterbium in disordered single crystals of Yb:NaGd(WO4)2," Opt. Express 12, 5362-5367 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

S. Rivier, M. Rico, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, "Sub-80fs pulses from a mode-locked Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Conference Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CF4-4-THU.

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous-wave diode-pumped operation of an Yb:NaLa(WO4)2 laser at room temperature," Opt. Laser Technol. (to be published).

Zavartsev, Yu. D.

V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu. D. Zavartsev, V. A. Kondratyuk, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Y. Jang, S. Chae, and I. Bae, "Diode pumped LiLa1−xNdx(MoO4)2 and Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical/Europe, Conference Digest, paper CTuK54, p. 113.

Zorn, M.

S. Rivier, M. Rico, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, "Sub-80fs pulses from a mode-locked Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Conference Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CF4-4-THU.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. V. Mandrik, A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, G. N. Klavsut, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, "CW and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 1119-1121 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Rico, J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, A. Garcia-Cortés, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous wave and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in disordered NaLa(MoO4)2," Appl. Phys. B 81, 621-625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

V. Volkov, C. Cascales, A. Kling, and C. Zaldo, "Growth, structure, and evaluation of laser properties of LiYb(MoO4)2 single crystal," Chem. Mater. 17, 291-300 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dokl. Chem. (1)

M. V. Mokhosoev, E. I. Get'man, and F. P. Alekseev, "Double molybdates of the alkali and rare-earth elements with the composition MeLn(MoO4)2," Dokl. Chem. 185, 201-202 (1969) M. V. Mokhosoev, E. I. Get'man, and F. P. Alekseev,[Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 185, 361-362 (1969)].

Inorg. Mater. (2)

A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov, "The crystal-structure of LiCe(MoO4)2," Inorg. Mater. 18, 1763-1766 (1982) A. N. Egorova, A. A. Maier, N. N. Nevskii, and M. V. Provotorov,[Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 18, 2036-2038 (1982)].

P. V. Klevtsov and L. P. Kozeeva, "Synthesis of double lithium molybdates of rare earths and yttrium," Inorg. Mater. 5, 1571-1572 (1969) P. V. Klevtsov and L. P. Kozeeva,[Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Neorg. Mater. 5, 1842-1843 (1969)].

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

W. H. McCaroll and M. Greenblatt, "Preparation of lithium molybdenum oxide bronzes by a temperature gradient flux growth technique," J. Solid State Chem. 54, 282-290 (1984).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv, "New cw crystal lasers," JETP Lett. 16, 387-389 (1972) A. A. Kaminskii, P. V. Klevtsov, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, A. A. Maier, A. A. Pavlyuk, A. G. Petrosyan, and M. V. Provotorv,[Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis'ma Red. 16, 548-551 (1972)].

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

P. Porcher, M. Couto dos Santos, and O. Malta, "Relationship between phenomenological crystal field parameters and crystal structure. The simple overlap model," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 397-405 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

D. E. McCumber, "Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra," Phys. Rev. 136, A954-A957 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. C. Pujol, M. A. Bursukova, F. Güell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldá, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth, optical characterization, and laser operation of a stoichiometric crystal KYb(WO4)2," Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A (3)

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, C. Cascales, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, V. Volkov, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Growth and continuous-wave laser operation of disordered crystals of Yb3+:NaLa(WO4)2 and Yb3+:NaLa(MoO4)2," Phys. Status Solidi A 202, R29-R31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, S. E. Sarkisov, and M. V. Provotorov, "Investigation of stimulated emission from LiLa(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 17, K115-K117 (1973).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Mayer, N. S. Nikonova, M. V. Provotorov, and S. E. Sarkisov, "Stimulated emission from the new LiGd(MoO4)2:Nd3+ crystal laser," Phys. Status Solidi A 12, K73-K75 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. A. Kaminiskii and S. E. Sarkisov, "Investigation of the stimulated emission due to F3/24—>I13/24 transition in Nd3+ ions in crystals. IV," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 3, 248-249 (1974) A. A. Kaminiskii and S. E. Sarkisov[Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3(15), 106-108 (1973)].
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. (2)

P. V. Klevtsov, L. P. Kozeeva, and L. Yu. Kharchenko, "Study on the crystallization and polymorphism of double potassium and trivalent metal tungstates, KR(WO4)2," Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 20, 732-735 (1975) P. V. Klevtsov, L. P. Kozeeva, and L. Yu. Kharchenko,[Kristallografiya 20, 1210-1215 (1975)].

R. F. Klevtsova, "The crystal structure of lithium lanthanum molybdate α-LiLa(MoO4)2," Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 20, 456-458 (1975) R. F. Klevtsova,[Kristallografiya 20, 746-750 (1975)].

Sov. Phys. Solid State (1)

B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev, "Defect structure and phase transitions in LiR(MoO4)2 compounds (R=Nd, Gd)," Sov. Phys. Solid State 20, 1103-1105 (1978) B. Sh. Galyamov, Yu. E. Roginskaya, M. V. Provotorov, S. A. Okonenko, and Yu. N. Venevtsev,[Fiz. Tverd. Tela 20, 1907-1910 (1978)].

Z. Kristallogr. (1)

U. Kolitsch, "The crystal structures of phenacite-type Li2(MoO4), and scheelite-type LiY(MoO4)2 and LiNd(MoO4)2," Z. Kristallogr. 216, 449-454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, Yu. D. Zavartsev, V. A. Kondratyuk, P. A. Studenikin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Y. Jang, S. Chae, and I. Bae, "Diode pumped LiLa1−xNdx(MoO4)2 and Nd:Bi4Ge3O12 lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical/Europe, Conference Digest, paper CTuK54, p. 113.

S. Rivier, M. Rico, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Zorn, and M. Weyers, "Sub-80fs pulses from a mode-locked Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe, Conference Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CF4-4-THU.

J. Liu, J. M. Cano-Torres, F. Esteban-Betegón, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Continuous-wave diode-pumped operation of an Yb:NaLa(WO4)2 laser at room temperature," Opt. Laser Technol. (to be published).

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, and C. Dupre, "First Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 solid-state laser pumped by Ti:sapphire and diode laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest CD-ROM (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper MB44.

J. Johannsen, M. Mond, K. Petermann, G. Huber, L. Ackermann, D. Rytz, C. Dupre, M. D. Serrano, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, "Yb:NaGd(WO4)2 tunable solid-state laser operation with Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMS2.

M. Rico, "Espectroscopia óptica del Er3+ y su sensibilización con Yb3+ en monocristales conversores de frecuencia," Ph.D. dissertation (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 2003).

P. Porcher (Laboratoire de Chemie Appliquée, de l'État Solide, CNRS-Ecole Nationale Superieur de Chemie de Paris, Paris, France), is preparing a manuscript titled "Fortran routines REEL and IMAGE for simulation of dN and fN configurations involving real and complex crystal-field parameters" (1989).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Polished LiGd 0.936 Yb 0.064 ( MoO 4 ) 2 plate used in the laser experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Differential thermal analysis (DTA) of the LiGd 0.936 Yb 0.064 ( MoO 4 ) 2 crystal. The first cycle is shown by the black curve, and the second cycle is shown by the gray curve. The decomposition melting character is evident from the complex nature of the endothermic peak at 1000 ° C , its change between the first and second cycles, and by the appearance of new peaks after the first cycle melting.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Low-temperature spectroscopy of Yb 3 + in LiGdMo . (a) Polarized absorption spectra recorded at 5 and 110 K . (b) 5 K photoluminescence after excitation at 973 nm ( 10 , 278 cm 1 ) to the F 5 2 2 ( 0 ) level (dashed curve π-polarized record) and after excitation at 960 nm ( 10 , 417 cm 1 ) to the F 5 2 2 ( 1 ) level (solid curve, unpolarized record).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Room-temperature absorption cross sections ( σ a , black curves) and comparison between the calculated emission cross sections ( σ e , gray curves) and the 300 K photoluminescence (PL, circles).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Schematic of the Yb : LiGdMo laser cavity with the Lyot filter for tuning used with Ti:sapphire and tapered diode lasers as pump sources. (b) Plane–concave cavity without polarization-selecting elements for pumping with the fiber-coupled diode module. OC, output coupler.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Single-pass crystal absorption versus incident pump power without lasing (diamonds) and under laser operation for T OC = 1.2 % (circles), 2.7% (squares), 5.5% (up triangles), and 10%. (right triangles). (a) π polarization and (b) σ polarization.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output power versus absorbed pump power at 975 nm for the cw Yb : LiGdMo laser (symbols) for (a) π polarization and (b) σ-polarization. The linear fits shown give the slope efficiencies η obtained for the indicated output coupler transmissions T OC .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Wavelength tunability of the Yb : LiGdMo laser under Ti:sapphire laser pumping for an incident pump power 1.8 W and the two polarizations. Two different output couplers were used: T OC = 1.2 % and 5.5% and in both cases the tunability was limited on the shortwave side by the transmission characteristics of the output couplers.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Calculated average inversion β necessary to achieve threshold versus wavelength for the two polarizations and two different output couplers ( T OC ) .

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Output power of the π-polarized cw Yb : LiGdMo laser pumped (a) by a TDL at 975 nm and (b) by an unpolarized fiber-coupled diode laser module at 980 nm . The lines are the fits used to calculate the slope efficiencies η corresponding to the used output couplers ( T OC ) .

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Crystal Data at 296±2 K and Structure Refinement for Yb : LiGd ( MoO 4 ) 2

Tables Icon

Table 2 FI ( E 0 and ζ) Parameters and Calculated SOM CFPs ( B 0 2 , B 0 4 , B 4 4 , B 0 6 , B 4 6 , and S 4 6 ) Used to Determine the F 7 2 2 ( n ) and F 5 2 2 ( n ) Energy Levels of Yb 3 + in the 2 b and 2 d Sites of LiGdMo a

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