Abstract

Polarization analysis reveals the vectorial nature of nonlinear-optical spectral transformations of femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in a highly birefringent photonic-crystal fiber. The birefringence in this fiber is induced by elliptical shape of the core of the size of 2.0μm by 5.7μm. We demonstrate the possibility of polarization control of the blueshifted radiation at the fiber output originating from the Cherenkov emission of dispersive waves induced by solitons that are generated by input 1.25μm laser pulses. Polarization-sensitive, two-color nonlinear-optical processes in such a fiber, pumped by the fundamental-frequency radiation of the Cr:forsterite laser and its second harmonic, are shown to allow the generation of a broadband spectrum covering the range from 430to660nm.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. V. Finazzi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, "The role of confinement loss in highly nonlinear silica holey fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1246-1248 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. A. Foster, K. D. Moll, and A. L. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. M. Zheltikov, "The physical limit for the waveguide enhancement of nonlinear-optical processes," Opt. Spectrosc. 95, 410-415 (2003);
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four wave mixing in higher-order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Self-referencing of the carrier-envelope slip in a 6-fs visible parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 27, 1241-1243 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Rhanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs," Opt. Express 13, 534-544 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express 13, 6550-6557 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. N. Paulsen, K. M. Hilligsøe, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11, 2440-2445 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. J. Steel and J. R. M. Osgood, "Elliptical-hole photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 229-231 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  22. T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghams, and H. Thienpont, "Experimental and theoretical investigations of the birefringent holey fiber with triple defect," Appl. Opt. 44, 2652-2658 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Apolonski, B. Povazay, A. Unterhuber, W. Drexler, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Spectral shaping of a supercontinuum in a cobweb photonic-crystal fiber with sub-20-fs pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2165-2171 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  26. Minglie Hu, Ching-yue Wang, Yanfeng Li, Zhuan Wang, Lu Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. Hu, C. Wang, Y. Li, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-demultiplexed two-color frequency conversion of femtosecond pulses in birefringent photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13, 5947-5952 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency-tunable anti-Stokes line emission by eigenmodes of a birefringent microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 12, 1932-1937 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. F. Lu, Q. Lin, W. H. Knox, and G. P. Agrawal, "Vector soliton fission," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183901 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Femtosecond pulses in nanophotonics" Phys. Usp. 47, 687-704 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  31. P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. A. N. Naumov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. V. Yakovlev, L. A. Mel'nikov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, and A. V. Shcherbakov, "Enhanced chi(3) interactions of unamplified femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in photonic-crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2183-2191 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  35. A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and M. Scalora, "Tuning the frequency of ultrashort laser pulses by cross-phase-modulation-induced shift in a photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1548-1550 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. E. E. Serebryannikov, S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-phase-modulation-induced instability in photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 72, 027601 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  38. P. Champert, V. Couderc, P. Leproux, S. Février, V. Tombelaine, L. Labonté, P. Roy, C. Froehly, and P. Nérin, "White-light supercontinuum generation in normally dispersive optical fiber using original multi-wavelength pumping system," Opt. Express 12, 4366-4371 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (7)

Minglie Hu, Ching-yue Wang, Yanfeng Li, Zhuan Wang, Lu Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. E. Serebryannikov, S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-phase-modulation-induced instability in photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 72, 027601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs," Opt. Express 13, 534-544 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghams, and H. Thienpont, "Experimental and theoretical investigations of the birefringent holey fiber with triple defect," Appl. Opt. 44, 2652-2658 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and M. Scalora, "Tuning the frequency of ultrashort laser pulses by cross-phase-modulation-induced shift in a photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1548-1550 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hu, C. Wang, Y. Li, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-demultiplexed two-color frequency conversion of femtosecond pulses in birefringent photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13, 5947-5952 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express 13, 6550-6557 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (6)

2003 (10)

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Finazzi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, "The role of confinement loss in highly nonlinear silica holey fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1246-1248 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Zheltikov, "The physical limit for the waveguide enhancement of nonlinear-optical processes," Opt. Spectrosc. 95, 410-415 (2003);
[CrossRef]

H. N. Paulsen, K. M. Hilligsøe, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11, 2440-2445 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four wave mixing in higher-order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (5)

2001 (3)

2000 (5)

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agrawal, G. P.

F. Lu, Q. Lin, W. H. Knox, and G. P. Agrawal, "Vector soliton fission," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akimov, D. A.

Alfimov, M. V.

E. E. Serebryannikov, S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-phase-modulation-induced instability in photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 72, 027601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and M. Scalora, "Tuning the frequency of ultrashort laser pulses by cross-phase-modulation-induced shift in a photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1548-1550 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Femtosecond pulses in nanophotonics" Phys. Usp. 47, 687-704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

Arriaga, J.

Baltuska, A.

Beloglazov, V. I.

Berghams, F.

Biancalana, F.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chai, L.

Chai, Lu

Minglie Hu, Ching-yue Wang, Yanfeng Li, Zhuan Wang, Lu Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Champert, P.

Chen, H. H.

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chudoba, C.

Couderc, V.

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drexler, W.

Dukel'skii, K. V.

Duligall, J.

Efimov, A.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedotov, A. B.

Février, S.

Finazzi, V.

V. Finazzi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, "The role of confinement loss in highly nonlinear silica holey fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1246-1248 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

Froehly, C.

Fuji, T.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Fulconis, J.

Gaeta, A. L.

Genty, G.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, T. P.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hilligsøe, K. M.

Holzwarth, R.

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express 13, 6550-6557 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, M.

Hu, M. L.

Hu, Minglie

Minglie Hu, Ching-yue Wang, Yanfeng Li, Zhuan Wang, Lu Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Husakou, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishii, N.

Ivanov, A. A.

E. E. Serebryannikov, S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-phase-modulation-induced instability in photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 72, 027601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and M. Scalora, "Tuning the frequency of ultrashort laser pulses by cross-phase-modulation-induced shift in a photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1548-1550 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Femtosecond pulses in nanophotonics" Phys. Usp. 47, 687-704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, J. R.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaivola, M.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, M.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keiding, S. R.

Kiefer, W.

Klimek, J.

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, B. Povazay, A. Unterhuber, W. Drexler, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Spectral shaping of a supercontinuum in a cobweb photonic-crystal fiber with sub-20-fs pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2165-2171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knox, W. H.

F. Lu, Q. Lin, W. H. Knox, and G. P. Agrawal, "Vector soliton fission," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knudsen, E.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ko, T. H.

Kobayashi, T.

Köhler, S.

Kondrat'ev, Yu. N.

Konorov, S. O.

E. E. Serebryannikov, S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-phase-modulation-induced instability in photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 72, 027601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and M. Scalora, "Tuning the frequency of ultrashort laser pulses by cross-phase-modulation-induced shift in a photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1548-1550 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11, 2440-2445 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

Labonté, L.

Larsen, J. J.

Lee, Y. C.

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lehtonen, M.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leproux, P.

Li, X. D.

Li, Y.

Li, Yanfeng

Minglie Hu, Ching-yue Wang, Yanfeng Li, Zhuan Wang, Lu Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Libori, S. E. B.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

F. Lu, Q. Lin, W. H. Knox, and G. P. Agrawal, "Vector soliton fission," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, F.

F. Lu, Q. Lin, W. H. Knox, and G. P. Agrawal, "Vector soliton fission," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ludvigsen, H.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Makara, M.

Maksimenka, R.

Mangan, B. J.

Mann, T. P. M.

Martynkien, T.

Mel'nikov, L. A.

Metzger, T.

Moll, K. D.

Monro, T. M.

V. Finazzi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, "The role of confinement loss in highly nonlinear silica holey fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1246-1248 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nasilowski, T.

Naumov, A. N.

Nérin, P.

Nickel, D.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Olszewski, J.

Omenetto, F. G.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Osgood, J. R. M.

Paulsen, H. N.

Povazay, B.

Ranka, J. K.

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Rhanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rarity, J. G.

Reeves, W. H.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rhanta, R. K.

Richardson, D. J.

V. Finazzi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, "The role of confinement loss in highly nonlinear silica holey fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1246-1248 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Roy, P.

Russell, P. St. J.

J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs," Opt. Express 13, 534-544 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, B. Povazay, A. Unterhuber, W. Drexler, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Spectral shaping of a supercontinuum in a cobweb photonic-crystal fiber with sub-20-fs pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2165-2171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scalora, M.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and M. Scalora, "Tuning the frequency of ultrashort laser pulses by cross-phase-modulation-induced shift in a photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1548-1550 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. E. Serebryannikov, S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-phase-modulation-induced instability in photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 72, 027601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, M.

Serebryannikov, E. E.

E. E. Serebryannikov, S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-phase-modulation-induced instability in photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 72, 027601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four wave mixing in higher-order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shcherbakov, A. V.

Shevandin, V. S.

Simonsen, H.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Skibina, N. B.

Skryabin, D. V.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Statkiewicz, G.

Steel, M. J.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szpulak, M.

Taylor, A. J.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teisset, C. Y.

Thienpont, H.

Thøgersen, J.

Tombelaine, V.

Udem, T.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Unterhuber, A.

Urbanczyk, W.

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs," Opt. Express 13, 534-544 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, B. Povazay, A. Unterhuber, W. Drexler, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Spectral shaping of a supercontinuum in a cobweb photonic-crystal fiber with sub-20-fs pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2165-2171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wai, P. A.

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

Wang, C. Y.

Wang, Ching-yue

Minglie Hu, Ching-yue Wang, Yanfeng Li, Zhuan Wang, Lu Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Zhuan

Minglie Hu, Ching-yue Wang, Yanfeng Li, Zhuan Wang, Lu Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Rhanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wójcik, J.

Yakovlev, V. V.

Ye, Jun

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheltikov, A. M.

Minglie Hu, Ching-yue Wang, Yanfeng Li, Zhuan Wang, Lu Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. E. Serebryannikov, S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-phase-modulation-induced instability in photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 72, 027601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Hu, C. Wang, Y. Li, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-demultiplexed two-color frequency conversion of femtosecond pulses in birefringent photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13, 5947-5952 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express 13, 6550-6557 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and M. Scalora, "Tuning the frequency of ultrashort laser pulses by cross-phase-modulation-induced shift in a photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1548-1550 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Femtosecond pulses in nanophotonics" Phys. Usp. 47, 687-704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency-tunable anti-Stokes line emission by eigenmodes of a birefringent microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 12, 1932-1937 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Zheltikov, "The physical limit for the waveguide enhancement of nonlinear-optical processes," Opt. Spectrosc. 95, 410-415 (2003);
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11, 2440-2445 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four wave mixing in higher-order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. N. Naumov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. V. Yakovlev, L. A. Mel'nikov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, and A. V. Shcherbakov, "Enhanced chi(3) interactions of unamplified femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in photonic-crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2183-2191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

Minglie Hu, Ching-yue Wang, Yanfeng Li, Zhuan Wang, Lu Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. Finazzi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, "The role of confinement loss in highly nonlinear silica holey fibers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1246-1248 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Nature (2)

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (8)

M. A. Foster, K. D. Moll, and A. L. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs," Opt. Express 13, 534-544 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express 13, 6550-6557 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11, 2440-2445 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Champert, V. Couderc, P. Leproux, S. Février, V. Tombelaine, L. Labonté, P. Roy, C. Froehly, and P. Nérin, "White-light supercontinuum generation in normally dispersive optical fiber using original multi-wavelength pumping system," Opt. Express 12, 4366-4371 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hu, C. Wang, Y. Li, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-demultiplexed two-color frequency conversion of femtosecond pulses in birefringent photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13, 5947-5952 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency-tunable anti-Stokes line emission by eigenmodes of a birefringent microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 12, 1932-1937 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (7)

H. N. Paulsen, K. M. Hilligsøe, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and M. Scalora, "Tuning the frequency of ultrashort laser pulses by cross-phase-modulation-induced shift in a photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1548-1550 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Steel and J. R. M. Osgood, "Elliptical-hole photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 229-231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four wave mixing in higher-order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Rhanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Self-referencing of the carrier-envelope slip in a 6-fs visible parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 27, 1241-1243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

A. M. Zheltikov, "The physical limit for the waveguide enhancement of nonlinear-optical processes," Opt. Spectrosc. 95, 410-415 (2003);
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

E. E. Serebryannikov, S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-phase-modulation-induced instability in photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 72, 027601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Lu, Q. Lin, W. H. Knox, and G. P. Agrawal, "Vector soliton fission," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Usp. (1)

A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Femtosecond pulses in nanophotonics" Phys. Usp. 47, 687-704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Science (3)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM image of the highly birefringent photonic-crystal fiber with (a) indicated coordinate axis, (b) fiber structure reproduced from the SEM image using specially developed software, and (c) distribution of triangular mesh in the central part of the fiber cross section reproducing real shape and location of each hole. To increase the precision of calculations, the mesh was divided into four subareas surrounding the fiber core with gradually increasing average size of the elementary triangle.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity distributions calculated using FEM for (a) x- and (b) y-polarized fundamental mode E 11 , and for (c) x- and (d) y-polarized first-order mode E 21 of the highly birefringent PCF shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Phase and (b) group modal birefringence calculated against the wavelength for the E 11 and E 21 modes of the birefringent PCF shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Confinement losses calculated against the wavelength for (a) x- and (b) y-polarized E 11 and E 21 modes of the birefringent PCF shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Group-velocity dispersion calculated against the wavelength for (a) x- and (b) y- polarized E 11 and E 21 modes of the birefringent PCF shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Intensity spectra of blueshifted radiation generated by Cr:forsterite laser pulses in the birefringent PCF with a length of 10 cm for four different alignments of the transmission azimuth of the input polarizer and the output polarization analyzer: (1) x x , (2) y y , (3) x y , and (4) y x . The input energy of 120 fs Cr:forsterite pulses is 12 nJ . The inset shows the propagation constant mismatch δ between a soliton centered at 1.6 μ m and a dispersive wave of wavelength λ d propagating in the fundamental mode. Curves 1 and 2 in the inset correspond respectively to x x - and y y -polarization alignment.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Blueshifted spectrum at the output of the birefringent PCF with a length of 14 cm , pumped by 120 fs Cr:forsterite laser pulses with an input energy of 20 nJ . Intensity distribution in the output beam is shown in the inset.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Spectral intensity of the second-harmonic pulse from the Cr:forsterite laser transmitted through the birefringent PCF with a length of 12 cm in the presence of the fundamental-wavelength ( 1.25 μ m ) field. The second-harmonic field is polarized along (solid curve) and perpendicular to (dashed curve) the polarization vector of the fundamental-wavelength radiation. The energies of the fundamental and the second-harmonic pulses at the fiber input are 15 and 7 nJ , respectively.

Metrics