Abstract

We analyze the physical processes in the nonlinear wavelength conversion stages of a recently demonstrated red–green–blue (RGB) laser source, which generated 8W of average power in each color. The system is based on an infrared femtosecond mode-locked laser and contains a frequency doubler, a parametric generator, a parametric amplifier, and two sum-frequency conversion stages. It does not require any resonant cavities, external laser amplifiers, or nonlinear crystals operated at elevated temperatures; therefore it appears to be more practical than other previously demonstrated RGB laser sources. However, the optimization of the overall system is nontrivial, because pump depletion, birefringence, and temporal walk-off in the first conversion stages lead to spatial and temporal distortion of the interacting beams in the subsequent nonlinear conversion stages. This leads to the interaction of spatially and temporally distorted beams in the later conversion stages. By using a numerical simulation of the nonlinear conversion processes based on a Fourier-space method in one temporal and two transverse spatial dimensions, we can fully take into account these effects. We analyze and discuss the physical effects in the different conversion stages and describe the optimization of the overall system performance.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2004 (2)

2003 (2)

2002 (3)

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and U. Keller, "240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1162-1164 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Kubota, "The grating light valve projector," Opt. Photonics News 9, 50-53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Köhler, U. Bäder, A. Nebel, J.-P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, K. Niwa, V. Gopalan, and T. E. Mitchell, "Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3073-3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, "Soliton modelocking with saturable absorbers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540-556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 363-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (3)

1991 (1)

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, and C. Huang, "Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182-2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

S. Lin, Z. Sun, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "The nonlinear optical characteristics of a LiB3O5 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634-638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

F. Gires and P. Tournois, "Interferometer utilisable pour la compression d'impulsions luminousness modules en frequence," C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 258, 6112-6115 (1964).

Arisholm, G.

Aschwanden, A.

Asom, M. T.

Aus der Au, J.

T. Südmeyer, J. Aus der Au, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, "Novel ultrafast parametric systems: high repetition rate single-pass OPG and fibre-feedback OPO," J. Phys. D 34, 2433-2439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, "16.2 W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 859-861 (2000).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bäder, U.

B. Köhler, U. Bäder, A. Nebel, J.-P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Banfi, G. P.

Biegert, J.

Blau, P.

Bloom, D. M.

Boyd, G. D.

Brauch, U.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 363-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bruner, A.

Brunner, F.

Chen, C.

S. Lin, Z. Sun, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "The nonlinear optical characteristics of a LiB3O5 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634-638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, T. H.

Contag, K.

Danielius, R.

Davis, L.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, and C. Huang, "Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182-2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Di Trapani, P.

Diels, J.-C.

Eger, D.

Erhard, S.

Ferguson, J. F.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, Y.

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, K. Niwa, V. Gopalan, and T. E. Mitchell, "Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3073-3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J.

Giesen, A.

Gires, F.

F. Gires and P. Tournois, "Interferometer utilisable pour la compression d'impulsions luminousness modules en frequence," C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 258, 6112-6115 (1964).

Gopalan, V.

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, K. Niwa, V. Gopalan, and T. E. Mitchell, "Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3073-3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

T. Südmeyer, J. Aus der Au, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, "Novel ultrafast parametric systems: high repetition rate single-pass OPG and fibre-feedback OPO," J. Phys. D 34, 2433-2439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Häring, R.

Hönninger, C.

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Häring, A. Aschwanden, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, C. Hönninger, and M. Kumkar, "60 W average power in 810-fs pulses from a thin-disk Yb:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 367-369 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hövel, R.

Huang, C.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, and C. Huang, "Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182-2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hügel, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 363-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Innerhofer, E.

Ito, H.

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, T. Usami, H. Ito, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Femtosecond optical parametric generation (OPG) in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 with >1 W average power," in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuO4, p. 260.

Jung, I. D.

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, "Soliton modelocking with saturable absorbers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540-556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Karszewski, M.

Kärtner, F. X.

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, "Soliton modelocking with saturable absorbers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540-556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner and U. Keller, "Stabilization of soliton-like pulses with a slow saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 20, 16-18 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katz, M.

Keller, U.

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Häring, A. Aschwanden, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, C. Hönninger, and M. Kumkar, "60 W average power in 810-fs pulses from a thin-disk Yb:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 367-369 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and U. Keller, "240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1162-1164 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Südmeyer, J. Aus der Au, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, "Novel ultrafast parametric systems: high repetition rate single-pass OPG and fibre-feedback OPO," J. Phys. D 34, 2433-2439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, "16.2 W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 859-861 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, "Soliton modelocking with saturable absorbers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540-556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner and U. Keller, "Stabilization of soliton-like pulses with a slow saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 20, 16-18 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, and M. T. Asom, "Solid-state low-loss interactivity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: an antiresonant semiconductor Fabry-Perot saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 17, 505-507 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Marchese, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Room temperature femtosecond optical parametric generation in MgO-doped stoichiometric LiTaO3," to appear in Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, T. Usami, H. Ito, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Femtosecond optical parametric generation (OPG) in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 with >1 W average power," in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuO4, p. 260.

Kisel, V. E.

Kitamura, K.

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, K. Niwa, V. Gopalan, and T. E. Mitchell, "Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3073-3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, T. Usami, H. Ito, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Femtosecond optical parametric generation (OPG) in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 with >1 W average power," in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuO4, p. 260.

S. V. Marchese, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Room temperature femtosecond optical parametric generation in MgO-doped stoichiometric LiTaO3," to appear in Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Köhler, B.

B. Köhler, U. Bäder, A. Nebel, J.-P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, S. R.

S. R. Kubota, "The grating light valve projector," Opt. Photonics News 9, 50-53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kumkar, M.

Kurimura, S.

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Marchese, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Room temperature femtosecond optical parametric generation in MgO-doped stoichiometric LiTaO3," to appear in Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Lee, D.

D. Lee and P. F. Moulton, "High-efficiency, high-power, OPO-based RGB source," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThJ2, p. 424.

Lin, S.

S. Lin, Z. Sun, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "The nonlinear optical characteristics of a LiB3O5 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634-638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Marchese, S. V.

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Marchese, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Room temperature femtosecond optical parametric generation in MgO-doped stoichiometric LiTaO3," to appear in Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

B. Köhler, U. Bäder, A. Nebel, J.-P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

Mitchell, T. E.

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, K. Niwa, V. Gopalan, and T. E. Mitchell, "Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3073-3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Morier-Genoud, F.

Moser, M.

Moulton, P. F.

D. Lee and P. F. Moulton, "High-efficiency, high-power, OPO-based RGB source," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThJ2, p. 424.

Nakamura, M.

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, T. Usami, H. Ito, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Femtosecond optical parametric generation (OPG) in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 with >1 W average power," in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuO4, p. 260.

Nebel, A.

B. Köhler, U. Bäder, A. Nebel, J.-P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Niwa, K.

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, K. Niwa, V. Gopalan, and T. E. Mitchell, "Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3073-3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opower, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 363-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Oron, M. B.

Paschotta, R.

G. Arisholm, R. Paschotta, and T. Südmeyer, "Limits to the power scalability of high-gain optical parametric amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 578-590 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Häring, A. Aschwanden, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, C. Hönninger, and M. Kumkar, "60 W average power in 810-fs pulses from a thin-disk Yb:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 367-369 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and U. Keller, "240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1162-1164 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Südmeyer, J. Aus der Au, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, "Novel ultrafast parametric systems: high repetition rate single-pass OPG and fibre-feedback OPO," J. Phys. D 34, 2433-2439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, "16.2 W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 859-861 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, T. Usami, H. Ito, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Femtosecond optical parametric generation (OPG) in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 with >1 W average power," in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuO4, p. 260.

S. V. Marchese, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Room temperature femtosecond optical parametric generation in MgO-doped stoichiometric LiTaO3," to appear in Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Piskarskas, A.

Righini, R.

Roberts, D. A.

D. A. Roberts, "Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057-2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ross, G. W.

T. Südmeyer, J. Aus der Au, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, "Novel ultrafast parametric systems: high repetition rate single-pass OPG and fibre-feedback OPO," J. Phys. D 34, 2433-2439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ruschin, S.

Rustad, G.

Sandejas, F.

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

Smith, P. G. R.

T. Südmeyer, J. Aus der Au, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, "Novel ultrafast parametric systems: high repetition rate single-pass OPG and fibre-feedback OPO," J. Phys. D 34, 2433-2439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Solgaard, O.

Spühler, G. J.

Stabinis, A.

Stenersen, K.

Südmeyer, T.

G. Arisholm, R. Paschotta, and T. Südmeyer, "Limits to the power scalability of high-gain optical parametric amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 578-590 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Häring, A. Aschwanden, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, C. Hönninger, and M. Kumkar, "60 W average power in 810-fs pulses from a thin-disk Yb:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 367-369 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and U. Keller, "240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1162-1164 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Südmeyer, J. Aus der Au, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, "Novel ultrafast parametric systems: high repetition rate single-pass OPG and fibre-feedback OPO," J. Phys. D 34, 2433-2439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, "16.2 W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 859-861 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, T. Usami, H. Ito, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Femtosecond optical parametric generation (OPG) in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 with >1 W average power," in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuO4, p. 260.

Sun, Z.

S. Lin, Z. Sun, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "The nonlinear optical characteristics of a LiB3O5 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634-638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tournois, P.

F. Gires and P. Tournois, "Interferometer utilisable pour la compression d'impulsions luminousness modules en frequence," C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 258, 6112-6115 (1964).

Usami, T.

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, T. Usami, H. Ito, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Femtosecond optical parametric generation (OPG) in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 with >1 W average power," in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuO4, p. 260.

Velsko, S. P.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, and C. Huang, "Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182-2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Voss, A.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 363-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

B. Köhler, U. Bäder, A. Nebel, J.-P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Wallenstein, "Process and apparatus for generation at least three laser beams of different wavelength for the display of color video pictures," U.S. Patent 5,828,424 (1998).

R. Wallenstein, "Advanced solid state sources for high power visible light generation," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThC3, p. 389.

Webb, M.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, and C. Huang, "Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182-2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wittig, K.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 363-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

S. Lin, Z. Sun, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "The nonlinear optical characteristics of a LiB3O5 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634-638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 363-372 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Köhler, U. Bäder, A. Nebel, J.-P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Kitamura, Y. Furukawa, K. Niwa, V. Gopalan, and T. E. Mitchell, "Crystal growth and low coercive field 180° domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3073-3075 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris (1)

F. Gires and P. Tournois, "Interferometer utilisable pour la compression d'impulsions luminousness modules en frequence," C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 258, 6112-6115 (1964).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, and C. Huang, "Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182-2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Roberts, "Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057-2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, "Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435-453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, "Soliton modelocking with saturable absorbers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540-556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Lin, Z. Sun, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "The nonlinear optical characteristics of a LiB3O5 crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634-638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

J. Phys. D (1)

T. Südmeyer, J. Aus der Au, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, "Novel ultrafast parametric systems: high repetition rate single-pass OPG and fibre-feedback OPO," J. Phys. D 34, 2433-2439 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, and M. T. Asom, "Solid-state low-loss interactivity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: an antiresonant semiconductor Fabry-Perot saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 17, 505-507 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Solgaard, F. Sandejas, and D. M. Bloom, "Deformable grating optical modulator," Opt. Lett. 17, 688-690 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner and U. Keller, "Stabilization of soliton-like pulses with a slow saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 20, 16-18 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and U. Keller, "240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1162-1164 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Bruner, D. Eger, M. B. Oron, P. Blau, M. Katz, and S. Ruschin, "Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for the refractive index of stoichiometric lithium tantalate," Opt. Lett. 28, 194-196 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Häring, A. Aschwanden, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, C. Hönninger, and M. Kumkar, "60 W average power in 810-fs pulses from a thin-disk Yb:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 367-369 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, "16.2 W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 859-861 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Photonics News (1)

S. R. Kubota, "The grating light valve projector," Opt. Photonics News 9, 50-53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

R. Wallenstein, "Process and apparatus for generation at least three laser beams of different wavelength for the display of color video pictures," U.S. Patent 5,828,424 (1998).

S. V. Marchese, E. Innerhofer, R. Paschotta, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Room temperature femtosecond optical parametric generation in MgO-doped stoichiometric LiTaO3," to appear in Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

R. Wallenstein, "Advanced solid state sources for high power visible light generation," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThC3, p. 389.

D. Lee and P. F. Moulton, "High-efficiency, high-power, OPO-based RGB source," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThJ2, p. 424.

T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, T. Usami, H. Ito, M. Nakamura, and K. Kitamura, "Femtosecond optical parametric generation (OPG) in periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO3 with >1 W average power," in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuO4, p. 260.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup of the Yb:YAG thin disk laser for the 780 fs pulses. M1, spherically curved mirror; HR, high reflective mirror; SESAM, semiconductor saturable absorber mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured optical spectrum and autocorrelation trace (inset) of the 780 fs pulses obtained from the thin disk Yb:YAG laser at 79 W average output power. The dashed curves, representing sech 2 fits, overlap the data well.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup of the RGB source. BS, beam splitter; SHG, second-harmonic generation; OPG, optical parametric generation; OPA, optical parametric amplification; SFG, sum-frequency generation. All beams are collinear in the nonlinear crystals, although for clarity they are shown with some spatial separation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulated beam quality of the second-harmonic wave at 515 nm and of the transmitted pump wave at 1030 nm in the frequency doubler. The data points correspond to different pump powers in the range of 30 300 W , and the beam quality is plotted versus the conversion efficiency. The M 2 factor of the 515 nm wave stays well below 1.1, even for very high conversion efficiencies.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured optical spectrum and autocorrelation trace (inset) from the OPG at 1.6 W of signal average power.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured optical spectrum (bottom) and autocorrelation (top) trace of the signal (a) and idler (b) wave of the OPA.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Simulated instantaneous power (top) and near-field fluence (nff) in the critical plane (bottom) of the signal pulse before (dashed curve) and after (solid curve) the OPA for a perfect Gaussian seed beam (a) and a simulated OPG signal (b). The temporal profile of the distorted signal wave (b) is improved during the amplification process.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Numerical simulations of the output power (top) and the beam quality (bottom) of the OPA as a function of the 515 nm pump power.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Simulated optical spectrum of the pump beam at 515 nm (a) before and (b) after the amplification process in the OPA stage. (c) Measured optical spectrum of the 515 nm output of the RGB system (i.e., after the OPA). The shoulders in the optical spectrum are caused by pump depletion.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Measured optical spectra of the 603 nm red and 450 nm blue outputs of the RGB system.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Simulated input (solid curve) and output (dashed curve) temporal pulse shape of the 1030 nm wave in the red SFG stage. The dotted curve corresponds to the temporal pulse shape of the input 1448 nm wave, and the dashed–dotted curve corresponds to the generated red beam at 603 nm .

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