Abstract

Au:oxide composite multilayer films with Au nanoparticles sandwiched by oxide layers (such as SiO2, ZnO, and TiO2) were prepared in a magnetron sputtering system. Their photoluminescence (PL) spectra were investigated by employing a micro-Raman system in which an Argon laser with a wavelength of 514nm was used as the pumping light. Distinct PL peaks located at a wavelength range between 590 and 680nm were observed in most of our samples, with Au particle size varying from several to hundreds of nanometers. It was found that the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) in these composites exerted a strong influence on the position of the PL peaks but had little effect on the PL intensity.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Mooradian, 'Photoluminescence of metals,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 185-187 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  2. G. T. Boyd, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Shen, 'Photoinduced luminescence from the noble metal and its enhancement on roughened surfaces,' Phys. Rev. B 33, 7923-7936 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. P. Wilcoxon, J. E. Martin, F. Parsapour, B. Wiedenman, and D. F. Kelley, 'Photoluminescence from nanosize gold clusters,' J. Chem. Phys. 108, 9137-9143 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. B. Mohamed, V. Volkov, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, 'The lightning gold nanorods: fluorescence enhancement of over a million compared to the gold metal,' Chem. Phys. Lett. 317, 517-523 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  5. E. Dulkeith, T. Niederechholz, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmanm, G. von Plessen, D. I. Gittins, K. S. Mayya, and F. Caruso, 'Plasmon emission in the photoexcited gold nanoparticles,' Phys. Rev. B 70, 205424 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Boulhelier, M. R. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, 'Characterization of nanoplasmonic structures by locally-excited photoluminescence,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5041-5043 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. Itoh, T. Asahi, and H. Masuhara, 'Femotosecond light scattering spectroscopy of single gold nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1667-1669 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  9. P. D. Townsend, R. Brooks, D. E. Hole, Z. Wu, A. Turkler, N. Can, A. Suarez-Garcia, and J. Gonzalo, 'Luminescence from copper nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. B 73, 345-353 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  10. L. Khriachtchev, L. Heikkilä, and T. Kuusela, 'Red photoluminescence of gold island films,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1994-1996 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. T. P. Gigioni, R. L. Whetten, and Ö. Dag, 'Near-infrared luminescence from small gold nanocrystals,' J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6983-6986 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. R. Beversluis, A. Bouhelier, and L. Novotny, 'Continuum generation from single gold nanostructures through near-field mediated intraband transitions,' Phys. Rev. B 68, 115433 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  14. G. L. Wang, T. Huang, R. W. Murray, L. Menard, and R. G. Nuzzo, 'Near-IR luminescence of monolayer-protected metal clusters,' J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 812-813 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. S. Wedge and W. L. Barnes, 'Surface plasmon-polariton mediated light emission through thin-metal films,' Opt. Express 12, 3673-3685 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. T. Kume, S. Hayashi, and K. Yamamoto, 'Light emission from surface plasmon polaritons mediated by metallic particles,' Phys. Rev. B 55, 4774-4782 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  17. L. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, 'Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1-3 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  18. Y. Mamanaka, K. Fukuta, A. Nakamura, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, 'Enhancement of third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities in silica-capped Au nanoparticle films with very high concentration,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4938-4940 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  19. C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, 'Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin film,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 251105 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  20. T. Nakamura and S. Hayashi, 'Enhancement of dye fluorescence by gold nanoparticles: analysis of particle size dependence,' Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 44, 6833-6837 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  21. H. B. Liao, W. Wen, and G. K. L. Wong, 'Preparation and characterization of Au/SiO2 composite films with nonspherical Au particles,' Appl. Phys. A 80, 861-864 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  22. H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, 'Width of cluster plasmon resonances: Bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,' Phys. Rev. B 48, 18178-18188 (1993).
    [Crossref]

2005 (4)

G. L. Wang, T. Huang, R. W. Murray, L. Menard, and R. G. Nuzzo, 'Near-IR luminescence of monolayer-protected metal clusters,' J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 812-813 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, 'Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin film,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 251105 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Nakamura and S. Hayashi, 'Enhancement of dye fluorescence by gold nanoparticles: analysis of particle size dependence,' Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 44, 6833-6837 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, W. Wen, and G. K. L. Wong, 'Preparation and characterization of Au/SiO2 composite films with nonspherical Au particles,' Appl. Phys. A 80, 861-864 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (5)

S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Dulkeith, T. Niederechholz, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmanm, G. von Plessen, D. I. Gittins, K. S. Mayya, and F. Caruso, 'Plasmon emission in the photoexcited gold nanoparticles,' Phys. Rev. B 70, 205424 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Mamanaka, K. Fukuta, A. Nakamura, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, 'Enhancement of third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities in silica-capped Au nanoparticle films with very high concentration,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4938-4940 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Wedge and W. L. Barnes, 'Surface plasmon-polariton mediated light emission through thin-metal films,' Opt. Express 12, 3673-3685 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

M. R. Beversluis, A. Bouhelier, and L. Novotny, 'Continuum generation from single gold nanostructures through near-field mediated intraband transitions,' Phys. Rev. B 68, 115433 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Boulhelier, M. R. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, 'Characterization of nanoplasmonic structures by locally-excited photoluminescence,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5041-5043 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (3)

T. Itoh, T. Asahi, and H. Masuhara, 'Femotosecond light scattering spectroscopy of single gold nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1667-1669 (2001).
[Crossref]

P. D. Townsend, R. Brooks, D. E. Hole, Z. Wu, A. Turkler, N. Can, A. Suarez-Garcia, and J. Gonzalo, 'Luminescence from copper nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. B 73, 345-353 (2001).
[Crossref]

L. Khriachtchev, L. Heikkilä, and T. Kuusela, 'Red photoluminescence of gold island films,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1994-1996 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

M. B. Mohamed, V. Volkov, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, 'The lightning gold nanorods: fluorescence enhancement of over a million compared to the gold metal,' Chem. Phys. Lett. 317, 517-523 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. P. Gigioni, R. L. Whetten, and Ö. Dag, 'Near-infrared luminescence from small gold nanocrystals,' J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6983-6986 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

J. P. Wilcoxon, J. E. Martin, F. Parsapour, B. Wiedenman, and D. F. Kelley, 'Photoluminescence from nanosize gold clusters,' J. Chem. Phys. 108, 9137-9143 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

T. Kume, S. Hayashi, and K. Yamamoto, 'Light emission from surface plasmon polaritons mediated by metallic particles,' Phys. Rev. B 55, 4774-4782 (1997).
[Crossref]

L. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, 'Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1-3 (1997).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, 'Width of cluster plasmon resonances: Bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,' Phys. Rev. B 48, 18178-18188 (1993).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

G. T. Boyd, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Shen, 'Photoinduced luminescence from the noble metal and its enhancement on roughened surfaces,' Phys. Rev. B 33, 7923-7936 (1986).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

A. Mooradian, 'Photoluminescence of metals,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 185-187 (1969).
[Crossref]

An, J.

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, 'Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin film,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 251105 (2005).
[Crossref]

Asahi, T.

T. Itoh, T. Asahi, and H. Masuhara, 'Femotosecond light scattering spectroscopy of single gold nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1667-1669 (2001).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

Bastidas, J. M.

M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
[Crossref]

Battaglin, G.

M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
[Crossref]

Beversluis, M. R.

M. R. Beversluis, A. Bouhelier, and L. Novotny, 'Continuum generation from single gold nanostructures through near-field mediated intraband transitions,' Phys. Rev. B 68, 115433 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Boulhelier, M. R. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, 'Characterization of nanoplasmonic structures by locally-excited photoluminescence,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5041-5043 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bouhelier, A.

M. R. Beversluis, A. Bouhelier, and L. Novotny, 'Continuum generation from single gold nanostructures through near-field mediated intraband transitions,' Phys. Rev. B 68, 115433 (2003).
[Crossref]

Boulhelier, A.

A. Boulhelier, M. R. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, 'Characterization of nanoplasmonic structures by locally-excited photoluminescence,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5041-5043 (2003).
[Crossref]

Boyd, G. T.

G. T. Boyd, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Shen, 'Photoinduced luminescence from the noble metal and its enhancement on roughened surfaces,' Phys. Rev. B 33, 7923-7936 (1986).
[Crossref]

Brooks, R.

P. D. Townsend, R. Brooks, D. E. Hole, Z. Wu, A. Turkler, N. Can, A. Suarez-Garcia, and J. Gonzalo, 'Luminescence from copper nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. B 73, 345-353 (2001).
[Crossref]

Can, N.

P. D. Townsend, R. Brooks, D. E. Hole, Z. Wu, A. Turkler, N. Can, A. Suarez-Garcia, and J. Gonzalo, 'Luminescence from copper nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. B 73, 345-353 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cana, E.

M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
[Crossref]

Caruso, F.

E. Dulkeith, T. Niederechholz, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmanm, G. von Plessen, D. I. Gittins, K. S. Mayya, and F. Caruso, 'Plasmon emission in the photoexcited gold nanoparticles,' Phys. Rev. B 70, 205424 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chandra, S.

S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, K. H.

S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L. C.

S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dag, Ö.

T. P. Gigioni, R. L. Whetten, and Ö. Dag, 'Near-infrared luminescence from small gold nanocrystals,' J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6983-6986 (2000).
[Crossref]

De Marchi, G.

M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dhara, S.

S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dulkeith, E.

E. Dulkeith, T. Niederechholz, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmanm, G. von Plessen, D. I. Gittins, K. S. Mayya, and F. Caruso, 'Plasmon emission in the photoexcited gold nanoparticles,' Phys. Rev. B 70, 205424 (2004).
[Crossref]

El-Sayed, M. A.

M. B. Mohamed, V. Volkov, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, 'The lightning gold nanorods: fluorescence enhancement of over a million compared to the gold metal,' Chem. Phys. Lett. 317, 517-523 (2000).
[Crossref]

Feldmanm, J.

E. Dulkeith, T. Niederechholz, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmanm, G. von Plessen, D. I. Gittins, K. S. Mayya, and F. Caruso, 'Plasmon emission in the photoexcited gold nanoparticles,' Phys. Rev. B 70, 205424 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fritz, S.

H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, 'Width of cluster plasmon resonances: Bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,' Phys. Rev. B 48, 18178-18188 (1993).
[Crossref]

Fu, J. S.

L. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, 'Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1-3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fukuta, K.

Y. Mamanaka, K. Fukuta, A. Nakamura, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, 'Enhancement of third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities in silica-capped Au nanoparticle films with very high concentration,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4938-4940 (2004).
[Crossref]

Garcia, M. A.

M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
[Crossref]

Garcia-Heras, M.

M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gigioni, T. P.

T. P. Gigioni, R. L. Whetten, and Ö. Dag, 'Near-infrared luminescence from small gold nanocrystals,' J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6983-6986 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gittins, D. I.

E. Dulkeith, T. Niederechholz, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmanm, G. von Plessen, D. I. Gittins, K. S. Mayya, and F. Caruso, 'Plasmon emission in the photoexcited gold nanoparticles,' Phys. Rev. B 70, 205424 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gonzalo, J.

P. D. Townsend, R. Brooks, D. E. Hole, Z. Wu, A. Turkler, N. Can, A. Suarez-Garcia, and J. Gonzalo, 'Luminescence from copper nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. B 73, 345-353 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hayashi, S.

T. Nakamura and S. Hayashi, 'Enhancement of dye fluorescence by gold nanoparticles: analysis of particle size dependence,' Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 44, 6833-6837 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Kume, S. Hayashi, and K. Yamamoto, 'Light emission from surface plasmon polaritons mediated by metallic particles,' Phys. Rev. B 55, 4774-4782 (1997).
[Crossref]

Heikkilä, L.

L. Khriachtchev, L. Heikkilä, and T. Kuusela, 'Red photoluminescence of gold island films,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1994-1996 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hilger, A.

H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, 'Width of cluster plasmon resonances: Bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,' Phys. Rev. B 48, 18178-18188 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hole, D. E.

P. D. Townsend, R. Brooks, D. E. Hole, Z. Wu, A. Turkler, N. Can, A. Suarez-Garcia, and J. Gonzalo, 'Luminescence from copper nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. B 73, 345-353 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hövel, H.

H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, 'Width of cluster plasmon resonances: Bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,' Phys. Rev. B 48, 18178-18188 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hsu, C. W.

S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, T.

G. L. Wang, T. Huang, R. W. Murray, L. Menard, and R. G. Nuzzo, 'Near-IR luminescence of monolayer-protected metal clusters,' J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 812-813 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Itoh, T.

T. Itoh, T. Asahi, and H. Masuhara, 'Femotosecond light scattering spectroscopy of single gold nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1667-1669 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kalavathi, S.

S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kelley, D. F.

J. P. Wilcoxon, J. E. Martin, F. Parsapour, B. Wiedenman, and D. F. Kelley, 'Photoluminescence from nanosize gold clusters,' J. Chem. Phys. 108, 9137-9143 (1998).
[Crossref]

Khriachtchev, L.

L. Khriachtchev, L. Heikkilä, and T. Kuusela, 'Red photoluminescence of gold island films,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1994-1996 (2001).
[Crossref]

Klar, T. A.

E. Dulkeith, T. Niederechholz, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmanm, G. von Plessen, D. I. Gittins, K. S. Mayya, and F. Caruso, 'Plasmon emission in the photoexcited gold nanoparticles,' Phys. Rev. B 70, 205424 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kreibig, U.

H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, 'Width of cluster plasmon resonances: Bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,' Phys. Rev. B 48, 18178-18188 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kume, T.

T. Kume, S. Hayashi, and K. Yamamoto, 'Light emission from surface plasmon polaritons mediated by metallic particles,' Phys. Rev. B 55, 4774-4782 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kuusela, T.

L. Khriachtchev, L. Heikkilä, and T. Kuusela, 'Red photoluminescence of gold island films,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1994-1996 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lai, C. W.

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, 'Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin film,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 251105 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liao, H. B.

H. B. Liao, W. Wen, and G. K. L. Wong, 'Preparation and characterization of Au/SiO2 composite films with nonspherical Au particles,' Appl. Phys. A 80, 861-864 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liao, L. B.

L. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, 'Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1-3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Link, S.

M. B. Mohamed, V. Volkov, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, 'The lightning gold nanorods: fluorescence enhancement of over a million compared to the gold metal,' Chem. Phys. Lett. 317, 517-523 (2000).
[Crossref]

Liz-Marzán, L. M.

Y. Mamanaka, K. Fukuta, A. Nakamura, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, 'Enhancement of third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities in silica-capped Au nanoparticle films with very high concentration,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4938-4940 (2004).
[Crossref]

Llopis, J.

M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
[Crossref]

Magudapathy, P.

S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mamanaka, Y.

Y. Mamanaka, K. Fukuta, A. Nakamura, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, 'Enhancement of third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities in silica-capped Au nanoparticle films with very high concentration,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4938-4940 (2004).
[Crossref]

Martin, J. E.

J. P. Wilcoxon, J. E. Martin, F. Parsapour, B. Wiedenman, and D. F. Kelley, 'Photoluminescence from nanosize gold clusters,' J. Chem. Phys. 108, 9137-9143 (1998).
[Crossref]

Masuhara, H.

T. Itoh, T. Asahi, and H. Masuhara, 'Femotosecond light scattering spectroscopy of single gold nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1667-1669 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mayya, K. S.

E. Dulkeith, T. Niederechholz, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmanm, G. von Plessen, D. I. Gittins, K. S. Mayya, and F. Caruso, 'Plasmon emission in the photoexcited gold nanoparticles,' Phys. Rev. B 70, 205424 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mazzoldi, P.

M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
[Crossref]

Menard, L.

G. L. Wang, T. Huang, R. W. Murray, L. Menard, and R. G. Nuzzo, 'Near-IR luminescence of monolayer-protected metal clusters,' J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 812-813 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mohamed, M. B.

M. B. Mohamed, V. Volkov, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, 'The lightning gold nanorods: fluorescence enhancement of over a million compared to the gold metal,' Chem. Phys. Lett. 317, 517-523 (2000).
[Crossref]

Montero, E.

M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mooradian, A.

A. Mooradian, 'Photoluminescence of metals,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 185-187 (1969).
[Crossref]

Mulvaney, P.

Y. Mamanaka, K. Fukuta, A. Nakamura, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, 'Enhancement of third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities in silica-capped Au nanoparticle films with very high concentration,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4938-4940 (2004).
[Crossref]

Murray, R. W.

G. L. Wang, T. Huang, R. W. Murray, L. Menard, and R. G. Nuzzo, 'Near-IR luminescence of monolayer-protected metal clusters,' J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 812-813 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nair, K. G. M.

S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakamura, A.

Y. Mamanaka, K. Fukuta, A. Nakamura, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, 'Enhancement of third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities in silica-capped Au nanoparticle films with very high concentration,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4938-4940 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, T.

T. Nakamura and S. Hayashi, 'Enhancement of dye fluorescence by gold nanoparticles: analysis of particle size dependence,' Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 44, 6833-6837 (2005).
[Crossref]

Niederechholz, T.

E. Dulkeith, T. Niederechholz, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmanm, G. von Plessen, D. I. Gittins, K. S. Mayya, and F. Caruso, 'Plasmon emission in the photoexcited gold nanoparticles,' Phys. Rev. B 70, 205424 (2004).
[Crossref]

Novotny, L.

A. Boulhelier, M. R. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, 'Characterization of nanoplasmonic structures by locally-excited photoluminescence,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5041-5043 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. R. Beversluis, A. Bouhelier, and L. Novotny, 'Continuum generation from single gold nanostructures through near-field mediated intraband transitions,' Phys. Rev. B 68, 115433 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nuzzo, R. G.

G. L. Wang, T. Huang, R. W. Murray, L. Menard, and R. G. Nuzzo, 'Near-IR luminescence of monolayer-protected metal clusters,' J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 812-813 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ong, H. C.

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, 'Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin film,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 251105 (2005).
[Crossref]

Panigrahi, B. K.

S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parsapour, F.

J. P. Wilcoxon, J. E. Martin, F. Parsapour, B. Wiedenman, and D. F. Kelley, 'Photoluminescence from nanosize gold clusters,' J. Chem. Phys. 108, 9137-9143 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sada, C.

M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sastry, V. S.

S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Y. R.

G. T. Boyd, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Shen, 'Photoinduced luminescence from the noble metal and its enhancement on roughened surfaces,' Phys. Rev. B 33, 7923-7936 (1986).
[Crossref]

Sheng, P.

L. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, 'Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1-3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Suarez-Garcia, A.

P. D. Townsend, R. Brooks, D. E. Hole, Z. Wu, A. Turkler, N. Can, A. Suarez-Garcia, and J. Gonzalo, 'Luminescence from copper nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. B 73, 345-353 (2001).
[Crossref]

Townsend, P. D.

P. D. Townsend, R. Brooks, D. E. Hole, Z. Wu, A. Turkler, N. Can, A. Suarez-Garcia, and J. Gonzalo, 'Luminescence from copper nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. B 73, 345-353 (2001).
[Crossref]

Turkler, A.

P. D. Townsend, R. Brooks, D. E. Hole, Z. Wu, A. Turkler, N. Can, A. Suarez-Garcia, and J. Gonzalo, 'Luminescence from copper nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. B 73, 345-353 (2001).
[Crossref]

Villegas, M. A.

M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
[Crossref]

Volkov, V.

M. B. Mohamed, V. Volkov, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, 'The lightning gold nanorods: fluorescence enhancement of over a million compared to the gold metal,' Chem. Phys. Lett. 317, 517-523 (2000).
[Crossref]

Vollmer, M.

H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, 'Width of cluster plasmon resonances: Bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,' Phys. Rev. B 48, 18178-18188 (1993).
[Crossref]

von Plessen, G.

E. Dulkeith, T. Niederechholz, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmanm, G. von Plessen, D. I. Gittins, K. S. Mayya, and F. Caruso, 'Plasmon emission in the photoexcited gold nanoparticles,' Phys. Rev. B 70, 205424 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, G. L.

G. L. Wang, T. Huang, R. W. Murray, L. Menard, and R. G. Nuzzo, 'Near-IR luminescence of monolayer-protected metal clusters,' J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 812-813 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wedge, S.

Wen, W.

H. B. Liao, W. Wen, and G. K. L. Wong, 'Preparation and characterization of Au/SiO2 composite films with nonspherical Au particles,' Appl. Phys. A 80, 861-864 (2005).
[Crossref]

Whetten, R. L.

T. P. Gigioni, R. L. Whetten, and Ö. Dag, 'Near-infrared luminescence from small gold nanocrystals,' J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6983-6986 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wiedenman, B.

J. P. Wilcoxon, J. E. Martin, F. Parsapour, B. Wiedenman, and D. F. Kelley, 'Photoluminescence from nanosize gold clusters,' J. Chem. Phys. 108, 9137-9143 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wilcoxon, J. P.

J. P. Wilcoxon, J. E. Martin, F. Parsapour, B. Wiedenman, and D. F. Kelley, 'Photoluminescence from nanosize gold clusters,' J. Chem. Phys. 108, 9137-9143 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wong, G. K. L.

H. B. Liao, W. Wen, and G. K. L. Wong, 'Preparation and characterization of Au/SiO2 composite films with nonspherical Au particles,' Appl. Phys. A 80, 861-864 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, 'Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1-3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wu, C. T.

S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Z.

P. D. Townsend, R. Brooks, D. E. Hole, Z. Wu, A. Turkler, N. Can, A. Suarez-Garcia, and J. Gonzalo, 'Luminescence from copper nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. B 73, 345-353 (2001).
[Crossref]

Xiao, R. F.

L. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, 'Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1-3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, K.

T. Kume, S. Hayashi, and K. Yamamoto, 'Light emission from surface plasmon polaritons mediated by metallic particles,' Phys. Rev. B 55, 4774-4782 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yu, P.

L. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, 'Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1-3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z. H.

G. T. Boyd, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Shen, 'Photoinduced luminescence from the noble metal and its enhancement on roughened surfaces,' Phys. Rev. B 33, 7923-7936 (1986).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

H. B. Liao, W. Wen, and G. K. L. Wong, 'Preparation and characterization of Au/SiO2 composite films with nonspherical Au particles,' Appl. Phys. A 80, 861-864 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

P. D. Townsend, R. Brooks, D. E. Hole, Z. Wu, A. Turkler, N. Can, A. Suarez-Garcia, and J. Gonzalo, 'Luminescence from copper nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. B 73, 345-353 (2001).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

L. Khriachtchev, L. Heikkilä, and T. Kuusela, 'Red photoluminescence of gold island films,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1994-1996 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Boulhelier, M. R. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, 'Characterization of nanoplasmonic structures by locally-excited photoluminescence,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5041-5043 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. Itoh, T. Asahi, and H. Masuhara, 'Femotosecond light scattering spectroscopy of single gold nanoparticles,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1667-1669 (2001).
[Crossref]

L. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, P. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, 'Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films near the percolation threshold,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1-3 (1997).
[Crossref]

Y. Mamanaka, K. Fukuta, A. Nakamura, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and P. Mulvaney, 'Enhancement of third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities in silica-capped Au nanoparticle films with very high concentration,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4938-4940 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, 'Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin film,' Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 251105 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. B. Mohamed, V. Volkov, S. Link, and M. A. El-Sayed, 'The lightning gold nanorods: fluorescence enhancement of over a million compared to the gold metal,' Chem. Phys. Lett. 317, 517-523 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

G. L. Wang, T. Huang, R. W. Murray, L. Menard, and R. G. Nuzzo, 'Near-IR luminescence of monolayer-protected metal clusters,' J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 812-813 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. A. Garcia, M. Garcia-Heras, E. Cana, J. M. Bastidas, M. A. Villegas, E. Montero, J. Llopis, C. Sada, G. De Marchi, G. Battaglin, and P. Mazzoldi, 'Photoluminescence of silver in glassy matrices,' J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3737-3741 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

S. Dhara, S. Chandra, P. Magudapathy, S. Kalavathi, B. K. Panigrahi, K. G. M. Nair, V. S. Sastry, C. W. Hsu, C. T. Wu, K. H. Chen, and L. C. Chen, 'Blue luminescence of Au nanoclusters embedded in silica matrix,' J. Chem. Phys. 121, 12595-12599 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. P. Wilcoxon, J. E. Martin, F. Parsapour, B. Wiedenman, and D. F. Kelley, 'Photoluminescence from nanosize gold clusters,' J. Chem. Phys. 108, 9137-9143 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

T. P. Gigioni, R. L. Whetten, and Ö. Dag, 'Near-infrared luminescence from small gold nanocrystals,' J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6983-6986 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 (1)

T. Nakamura and S. Hayashi, 'Enhancement of dye fluorescence by gold nanoparticles: analysis of particle size dependence,' Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 44, 6833-6837 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (5)

T. Kume, S. Hayashi, and K. Yamamoto, 'Light emission from surface plasmon polaritons mediated by metallic particles,' Phys. Rev. B 55, 4774-4782 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. R. Beversluis, A. Bouhelier, and L. Novotny, 'Continuum generation from single gold nanostructures through near-field mediated intraband transitions,' Phys. Rev. B 68, 115433 (2003).
[Crossref]

E. Dulkeith, T. Niederechholz, T. A. Klar, J. Feldmanm, G. von Plessen, D. I. Gittins, K. S. Mayya, and F. Caruso, 'Plasmon emission in the photoexcited gold nanoparticles,' Phys. Rev. B 70, 205424 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. T. Boyd, Z. H. Yu, and Y. R. Shen, 'Photoinduced luminescence from the noble metal and its enhancement on roughened surfaces,' Phys. Rev. B 33, 7923-7936 (1986).
[Crossref]

H. Hövel, S. Fritz, A. Hilger, U. Kreibig, and M. Vollmer, 'Width of cluster plasmon resonances: Bulk dielectric functions and chemical interface damping,' Phys. Rev. B 48, 18178-18188 (1993).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Mooradian, 'Photoluminescence of metals,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 185-187 (1969).
[Crossref]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Selected cross-sectional TEM images of the composite films prepared in our experiment: (a) as-grown Au : Si O 2 film; (b) Au:ZnO film annealed at 700 ° C for 2 h ; (c) Au : Si O 2 film annealed at 950 ° C for 2 h ; (d) Au : Ti O 2 film annealed at 700 ° C for 2 h .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical Optical absorption spectra and PL spectra of the Au:oxide composite films. Figure 2a is the optical absorption spectra and 2b is PL spectra of the composite films: (a) Au : Si O 2 , (b) Au:ZnO, and (c) Au : Ti O 2 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

PL spectra of Au : Si O 2 composite films with different sizes of Au particles. The sizes of Au particles are: (a) 15 nm , (b) 36 nm , (c) 78 nm , and (d) more than 200 nm .

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Relationship between the Position of PL Spectra and That of SPR Spectra a

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