Abstract

The theoretical model on gain-clamped semiconductor optical amplifiers (GC-SOAs) based on compensating light has been constructed. Using this model, the effects of insertion position and peak reflectivity of the fiber Bragg grating (FBG) on the gain clamping and noise figure (NF) characteristics of GC-SOA are analyzed. The results show that the effect of the FBG insertion position on gain clamping is slight, but the lower NF can be obtained for input FBG-type GC-SOA; when the FBG peak wavelength is designed to close the signal wavelength, the gain clamping and NF characteristics that can be reached are better. Further study shows that, with the increased peak reflectivity of the FBG, the critical input power is broadened and the gain tends to be varied slowly; the larger bias current is helpful to raise gain and decrease the noise figure but is harmful to a gain flatness characteristic.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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