Abstract

The effects of optical feedback on the magnitude of the anticorrelation of polarization dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) have been studied experimentally. The correlations are considered in the time domain and in the spectral domain. The correlation in the time domain shows that in the case of the polarization-preserved or orthogonal polarization beam optical feedback into the VCSEL a strong anticorrelation between orthogonal polarizations can arise; however, no strong anticorrelation is observed for parallel polarization optical feedback. Viewed in the frequency domain, the anticorrelation is found to be strong at low frequencies but poor at higher frequencies.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, "Influence of external optical feedback on threshold and spectral characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 34-36 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. C. Chung and Y. H. Lee, "Spectral characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with external optical feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 597-599 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Robert, P. Besnard, M. L. Chares, and G. M. Stephan, "Polarization modulation dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with an extended cavity," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2231-2238 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, and M. Romanelli, "Multi-time-scale dynamics of a laser with polarized optical feedback," Phys. Rev. A 67, 053809 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, "Two-frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Hong, M. W. Lee, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Synchronization of chaos in unidirectionally coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Opt. Lett. 29, 1215-1217 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Hong, R. Ju, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Investigation of polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subjected to optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 619-624 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Sondermann and T. Ackemann, "Correlation properties and drift phenomena in the dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical feedback," Opt. Express 13, 2707-2715 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Giudici, S. Balle, T. Ackemann, S. Barland, and J. R. Tredicce, "Polarization dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical feedback: experiment and model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2114-2123 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Bandyopadhyay, Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Experimental observation of anti-phase polarisation dynamics in VCSELs," Opt. Commun. 202, 145-154 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, "Optical feedback induces polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 1543-1545 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. V. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, and T. Ackemann, "Description and analysis of low-frequency fluctuations in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with isotropic optical feedback by a distant reflector," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033805 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Tabaka, M. Peil, M. Sciamanna, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, and K. Panajotov, "Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: pulse packages and polarization mode competition," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013810 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K.-P. Ho, J. D. Walker, and J. M. Kakn, "External optical feedback effects on intensity noise of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 892-895 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, "Polarisation switching in a vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning," IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31-34 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. Tabaka, M. Peil, M. Sciamanna, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, and K. Panajotov, "Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: pulse packages and polarization mode competition," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013810 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

M. Sondermann and T. Ackemann, "Correlation properties and drift phenomena in the dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical feedback," Opt. Express 13, 2707-2715 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Hong, R. Ju, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Investigation of polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subjected to optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 619-624 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (4)

M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, "Optical feedback induces polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 1543-1545 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, and T. Ackemann, "Description and analysis of low-frequency fluctuations in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with isotropic optical feedback by a distant reflector," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, and M. Romanelli, "Multi-time-scale dynamics of a laser with polarized optical feedback," Phys. Rev. A 67, 053809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, "Two-frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. Bandyopadhyay, Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Experimental observation of anti-phase polarisation dynamics in VCSELs," Opt. Commun. 202, 145-154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, "Polarisation switching in a vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning," IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31-34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Giudici, S. Balle, T. Ackemann, S. Barland, and J. R. Tredicce, "Polarization dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical feedback: experiment and model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2114-2123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

F. Robert, P. Besnard, M. L. Chares, and G. M. Stephan, "Polarization modulation dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with an extended cavity," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2231-2238 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, "Influence of external optical feedback on threshold and spectral characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 34-36 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K.-P. Ho, J. D. Walker, and J. M. Kakn, "External optical feedback effects on intensity noise of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 892-895 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Y. C. Chung and Y. H. Lee, "Spectral characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with external optical feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 597-599 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ackemann, T.

M. Sondermann and T. Ackemann, "Correlation properties and drift phenomena in the dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical feedback," Opt. Express 13, 2707-2715 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, and T. Ackemann, "Description and analysis of low-frequency fluctuations in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with isotropic optical feedback by a distant reflector," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, "Two-frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Giudici, S. Balle, T. Ackemann, S. Barland, and J. R. Tredicce, "Polarization dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical feedback: experiment and model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2114-2123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Balle, S.

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, "Two-frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Giudici, S. Balle, T. Ackemann, S. Barland, and J. R. Tredicce, "Polarization dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical feedback: experiment and model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2114-2123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bandyopadhyay, S.

S. Bandyopadhyay, Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Experimental observation of anti-phase polarisation dynamics in VCSELs," Opt. Commun. 202, 145-154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barland, S.

M. Giudici, S. Balle, T. Ackemann, S. Barland, and J. R. Tredicce, "Polarization dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical feedback: experiment and model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2114-2123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Besnard, P.

F. Robert, P. Besnard, M. L. Chares, and G. M. Stephan, "Polarization modulation dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with an extended cavity," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2231-2238 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Blondel, M.

Chares, M. L.

F. Robert, P. Besnard, M. L. Chares, and G. M. Stephan, "Polarization modulation dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with an extended cavity," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2231-2238 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

Y. C. Chung and Y. H. Lee, "Spectral characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with external optical feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 597-599 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, M.

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, "Influence of external optical feedback on threshold and spectral characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 34-36 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Elsäßer, W.

A. Tabaka, M. Peil, M. Sciamanna, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, and K. Panajotov, "Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: pulse packages and polarization mode competition," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013810 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, I.

A. Tabaka, M. Peil, M. Sciamanna, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, and K. Panajotov, "Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: pulse packages and polarization mode competition," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013810 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ghisoni, M.

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, "Polarisation switching in a vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning," IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31-34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Giacomelli, G.

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, and M. Romanelli, "Multi-time-scale dynamics of a laser with polarized optical feedback," Phys. Rev. A 67, 053809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Giudici, M.

M. Giudici, S. Balle, T. Ackemann, S. Barland, and J. R. Tredicce, "Polarization dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical feedback: experiment and model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2114-2123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Halonen, J.

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, "Polarisation switching in a vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning," IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31-34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ho, K.-P.

K.-P. Ho, J. D. Walker, and J. M. Kakn, "External optical feedback effects on intensity noise of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 892-895 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Y.

Y. Hong, R. Ju, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Investigation of polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subjected to optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 619-624 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, M. W. Lee, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Synchronization of chaos in unidirectionally coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Opt. Lett. 29, 1215-1217 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bandyopadhyay, Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Experimental observation of anti-phase polarisation dynamics in VCSELs," Opt. Commun. 202, 145-154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, "Polarisation switching in a vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning," IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31-34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, "Influence of external optical feedback on threshold and spectral characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 34-36 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ju, R.

Y. Hong, R. Ju, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Investigation of polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subjected to optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 619-624 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kakn, J. M.

K.-P. Ho, J. D. Walker, and J. M. Kakn, "External optical feedback effects on intensity noise of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 892-895 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kojima, K.

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, "Influence of external optical feedback on threshold and spectral characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 34-36 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Larsson, A.

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, "Polarisation switching in a vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning," IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31-34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. W.

Lee, Y. H.

Y. C. Chung and Y. H. Lee, "Spectral characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with external optical feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 597-599 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Loiko, N. A.

A. V. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, and T. Ackemann, "Description and analysis of low-frequency fluctuations in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with isotropic optical feedback by a distant reflector," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Marin, F.

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, and M. Romanelli, "Multi-time-scale dynamics of a laser with polarized optical feedback," Phys. Rev. A 67, 053809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mégret, P.

Morgan, R. A.

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, "Influence of external optical feedback on threshold and spectral characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 34-36 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mulet, J.

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, "Two-frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Naumenko, A. V.

A. V. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, and T. Ackemann, "Description and analysis of low-frequency fluctuations in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with isotropic optical feedback by a distant reflector," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z.

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, "Influence of external optical feedback on threshold and spectral characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 34-36 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Panajotov, K.

A. Tabaka, M. Peil, M. Sciamanna, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, and K. Panajotov, "Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: pulse packages and polarization mode competition," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013810 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, "Optical feedback induces polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 1543-1545 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peil, M.

A. Tabaka, M. Peil, M. Sciamanna, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, and K. Panajotov, "Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: pulse packages and polarization mode competition," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013810 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Robert, F.

F. Robert, P. Besnard, M. L. Chares, and G. M. Stephan, "Polarization modulation dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with an extended cavity," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2231-2238 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Romanelli, M.

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, and M. Romanelli, "Multi-time-scale dynamics of a laser with polarized optical feedback," Phys. Rev. A 67, 053809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sciamanna, M.

A. Tabaka, M. Peil, M. Sciamanna, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, and K. Panajotov, "Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: pulse packages and polarization mode competition," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013810 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, "Optical feedback induces polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 1543-1545 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shore, K. A.

Y. Hong, R. Ju, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Investigation of polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subjected to optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 619-624 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, M. W. Lee, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Synchronization of chaos in unidirectionally coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Opt. Lett. 29, 1215-1217 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bandyopadhyay, Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Experimental observation of anti-phase polarisation dynamics in VCSELs," Opt. Commun. 202, 145-154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, "Polarisation switching in a vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning," IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31-34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sondermann, M.

M. Sondermann and T. Ackemann, "Correlation properties and drift phenomena in the dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical feedback," Opt. Express 13, 2707-2715 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, and T. Ackemann, "Description and analysis of low-frequency fluctuations in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with isotropic optical feedback by a distant reflector," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, "Two-frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Spencer, P. S.

Y. Hong, R. Ju, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Investigation of polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subjected to optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 619-624 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, M. W. Lee, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Synchronization of chaos in unidirectionally coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Opt. Lett. 29, 1215-1217 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bandyopadhyay, Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Experimental observation of anti-phase polarisation dynamics in VCSELs," Opt. Commun. 202, 145-154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stephan, G. M.

F. Robert, P. Besnard, M. L. Chares, and G. M. Stephan, "Polarization modulation dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with an extended cavity," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2231-2238 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tabaka, A.

A. Tabaka, M. Peil, M. Sciamanna, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, and K. Panajotov, "Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: pulse packages and polarization mode competition," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013810 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

A. Tabaka, M. Peil, M. Sciamanna, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, and K. Panajotov, "Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: pulse packages and polarization mode competition," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013810 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, "Optical feedback induces polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 1543-1545 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tredicce, J. R.

M. Giudici, S. Balle, T. Ackemann, S. Barland, and J. R. Tredicce, "Polarization dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical feedback: experiment and model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2114-2123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Veretennicoff, I.

A. Tabaka, M. Peil, M. Sciamanna, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, and K. Panajotov, "Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: pulse packages and polarization mode competition," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013810 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, P. Mégret, and M. Blondel, "Optical feedback induces polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 1543-1545 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walker, J. D.

K.-P. Ho, J. D. Walker, and J. M. Kakn, "External optical feedback effects on intensity noise of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 892-895 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Weinkath, M.

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, "Two-frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. (1)

Y. Hong, K. A. Shore, A. Larsson, M. Ghisoni, and J. Halonen, "Polarisation switching in a vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser by frequency detuning," IEE Proc.: Optoelectron. 148, 31-34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

F. Robert, P. Besnard, M. L. Chares, and G. M. Stephan, "Polarization modulation dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with an extended cavity," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2231-2238 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, R. Ju, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Investigation of polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subjected to optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 619-624 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

S. Jiang, Z. Pan, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, and K. Kojima, "Influence of external optical feedback on threshold and spectral characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 34-36 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Chung and Y. H. Lee, "Spectral characteristics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with external optical feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 597-599 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K.-P. Ho, J. D. Walker, and J. M. Kakn, "External optical feedback effects on intensity noise of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 892-895 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

M. Giudici, S. Balle, T. Ackemann, S. Barland, and J. R. Tredicce, "Polarization dynamics in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical feedback: experiment and model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2114-2123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Bandyopadhyay, Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Experimental observation of anti-phase polarisation dynamics in VCSELs," Opt. Commun. 202, 145-154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

A. V. Naumenko, N. A. Loiko, M. Sondermann, and T. Ackemann, "Description and analysis of low-frequency fluctuations in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with isotropic optical feedback by a distant reflector," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Tabaka, M. Peil, M. Sciamanna, I. Fischer, W. Elsäßer, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, and K. Panajotov, "Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers in the short external cavity regime: pulse packages and polarization mode competition," Phys. Rev. A 73, 013810 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, and M. Romanelli, "Multi-time-scale dynamics of a laser with polarized optical feedback," Phys. Rev. A 67, 053809 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, "Two-frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Average output power of X and Y polarizations as a function of the optical feedback ratio at a 2.62 mA bias current with polarization-preserved optical feedback. The filled and open circles are the X polarization and Y polarizations, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cross-correlation function of X and Y polarizations with a 2.62 mA bias current. The feedback ratio is (a) 30.3 dB , (b) 12.3 dB .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Minimum cross correlation of the dynamics displayed in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized cross-spectral density of points A and B displayed in Fig. 4.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Time traces and the power spectra of X polarization at points A and B displayed in Figs. 4a, 4b 30.3 dB feedback ratio, Figs. 4c, 4d 12.3 dB feedback ratio.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Minimum cross correlation with two different laser bias currents: (a) 2.97 mA , of (b) 3.9 mA .

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Same as Fig. 4 but with polarized-selective optical feedback. (a) Y-polarization feedback. (b) X-polarization feedback.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Same as Fig. 7a but with polarized-selective optical feedback. (a) X-polarization feedback. (b) Y-polarization feedback.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Same as Fig. 7b but with polarized-selective optical feedback. (a) X-polarization feedback. (b) Y-polarization feedback.

Equations (2)

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R = i { [ I x ( t i ) I x ] [ I y ( t i τ ) I y ] } { i [ I x ( t i ) I x ] 2 } 1 2 { i [ I y ( t i τ ) I y ] 2 } 1 2 ,
NCSD ( f ) = I ̃ x ( f ) I ̃ y * ( f ) + I ̃ x ( f ) I ̃ y * ( f ) [ I ̃ x ( f ) 2 I ̃ y ( f ) 2 ] 1 2 + [ I ̃ x ( f ) 2 I ̃ y ( f ) 2 ] 1 2 ,

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