Abstract

Phase-matched four-wave mixing is demonstrated for millijoule nanosecond pulses guided by photonic bandgaps of hollow fibers with a two-dimensionally periodic cladding and a core diameter of 50μm. Raman resonances related to the stretching vibrations of water molecules inside the hollow fiber core are detected in the spectrum of the four-wave mixing signal, suggesting phase-matched coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in hollow photonic-crystal fibers as a convenient sensing technique for condensed-phase species adsorbed on the inner fiber walls and trace gas detection.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Waveguide modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," JETP Lett. 76, 341-345 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. J. Mangan, and H. Sabert, "Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength," Opt. Express 11, 1613-1620 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. L. Poladian, N. A. Issa, and T. M. Monro, "Fourier decomposition algorithm for leaky modes of fibres with arbitrary geometry," Opt. Express 10, 449-454 (2002)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, E. E. Serebryannikov, V. P. Mitrokhin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 129-133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (6)

J. T. Motz, M. Hunter, L. H. Galindo, J. A. Gardecki, J. R. Kramer, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Optical fiber probe for biomedical Raman spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 43, 542-554 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Shephard, J. D. C. Jones, D. P. Hand, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, and B. J. Mangan, "High energy nanosecond laser pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers," Opt. Express 12, 717-723 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, and P. J. Roberts, "Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800 nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 12, 835-840 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, V. P. Mitrokhin, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser ablation of dental tissues with picosecond pulses of 1.06-µm radiation transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Opt. 43, 2251-2256 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat Jr., D. Chorvat, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, R. B. Miles, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Limiting of microjoule femtosecond pulses in air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 023807 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (6)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre," J. Phys. D 36, 1375-1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. J. Mangan, and H. Sabert, "Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength," Opt. Express 11, 1613-1620 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Enhanced four-wave mixing in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1448-1450 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (4)

L. Poladian, N. A. Issa, and T. M. Monro, "Fourier decomposition algorithm for leaky modes of fibres with arbitrary geometry," Opt. Express 10, 449-454 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Waveguide modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," JETP Lett. 76, 341-345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977 (1)

R. B. Miles, G. Laufer, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a hollow dielectric waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 417-419 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akhmanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhmanov and N. I. Koroteev, Methods of Nonlinear Optics in Light Scattering Spectroscopy (Nauka, 1981) (in Russian).

Allan, D. C.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Allen, D.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Antonopoulos, G.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beloglazov, V. I.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, V. P. Mitrokhin, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser ablation of dental tissues with picosecond pulses of 1.06-µm radiation transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Opt. 43, 2251-2256 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre," J. Phys. D 36, 1375-1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Waveguide modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," JETP Lett. 76, 341-345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Benabid, F.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bjorklund, G. C.

R. B. Miles, G. Laufer, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a hollow dielectric waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 417-419 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bloemer, M. J.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat Jr., D. Chorvat, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, R. B. Miles, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Limiting of microjoule femtosecond pulses in air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 023807 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouwmans, G.

Bugar, I.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat Jr., D. Chorvat, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, R. B. Miles, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Limiting of microjoule femtosecond pulses in air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 023807 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, S.

Chorvat, D.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat Jr., D. Chorvat, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, R. B. Miles, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Limiting of microjoule femtosecond pulses in air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 023807 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat Jr., D. Chorvat, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, R. B. Miles, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Limiting of microjoule femtosecond pulses in air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 023807 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dasari, R. R.

Dudovich, N.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eesley, G. L.

G. L. Eesley, Coherent Raman Spectroscopy (Pergamon, 1981).

Engeness, T. D.

Farr, L.

Fedotov, A. B.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, E. E. Serebryannikov, V. P. Mitrokhin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 129-133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, V. P. Mitrokhin, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser ablation of dental tissues with picosecond pulses of 1.06-µm radiation transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Opt. 43, 2251-2256 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Enhanced four-wave mixing in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1448-1450 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre," J. Phys. D 36, 1375-1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Waveguide modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," JETP Lett. 76, 341-345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feld, M. S.

Fink, Y.

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galindo, L. H.

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gardecki, J. A.

Hand, D. P.

Hunter, M.

Ibanescu, M.

Issa, N. A.

Jacobs, S. A.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Jones, J. D.

Knight, J. C.

Koch, K.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolevatova, O. A.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre," J. Phys. D 36, 1375-1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Waveguide modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," JETP Lett. 76, 341-345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Konorov, S. O.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, E. E. Serebryannikov, V. P. Mitrokhin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 129-133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, V. P. Mitrokhin, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser ablation of dental tissues with picosecond pulses of 1.06-µm radiation transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Opt. 43, 2251-2256 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat Jr., D. Chorvat, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, R. B. Miles, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Limiting of microjoule femtosecond pulses in air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 023807 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre," J. Phys. D 36, 1375-1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Enhanced four-wave mixing in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1448-1450 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Waveguide modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," JETP Lett. 76, 341-345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koroteev, N. I.

S. A. Akhmanov and N. I. Koroteev, Methods of Nonlinear Optics in Light Scattering Spectroscopy (Nauka, 1981) (in Russian).

Kramer, J. R.

Laufer, G.

R. B. Miles, G. Laufer, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a hollow dielectric waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 417-419 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Luan, F.

Mangan, B. J.

Miles, R. B.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat Jr., D. Chorvat, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, R. B. Miles, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Limiting of microjoule femtosecond pulses in air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 023807 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Miles, G. Laufer, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a hollow dielectric waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 417-419 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Mitrokhin, V. P.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, E. E. Serebryannikov, V. P. Mitrokhin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 129-133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, V. P. Mitrokhin, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser ablation of dental tissues with picosecond pulses of 1.06-µm radiation transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Opt. 43, 2251-2256 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

Motz, J. T.

Muller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oron, D.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poladian, L.

Reid, D. T.

Roberts, P. J.

Russell, P. S.

Russell, P. St.

G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. J. Mangan, and H. Sabert, "Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength," Opt. Express 11, 1613-1620 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sabert, H.

Scalora, M.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, V. P. Mitrokhin, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser ablation of dental tissues with picosecond pulses of 1.06-µm radiation transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Opt. 43, 2251-2256 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat Jr., D. Chorvat, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, R. B. Miles, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Limiting of microjoule femtosecond pulses in air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 023807 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Serebryannikov, E. E.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, E. E. Serebryannikov, V. P. Mitrokhin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 129-133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat Jr., D. Chorvat, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, R. B. Miles, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Limiting of microjoule femtosecond pulses in air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 023807 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, A. V.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, V. P. Mitrokhin, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser ablation of dental tissues with picosecond pulses of 1.06-µm radiation transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Opt. 43, 2251-2256 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre," J. Phys. D 36, 1375-1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Waveguide modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," JETP Lett. 76, 341-345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shephard, J. D.

Sidorov-Biryukov, D. A.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, E. E. Serebryannikov, V. P. Mitrokhin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 129-133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat Jr., D. Chorvat, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, R. B. Miles, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Limiting of microjoule femtosecond pulses in air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 023807 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skibina, N. B.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, V. P. Mitrokhin, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser ablation of dental tissues with picosecond pulses of 1.06-µm radiation transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Opt. 43, 2251-2256 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre," J. Phys. D 36, 1375-1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Waveguide modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," JETP Lett. 76, 341-345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Smith, C. M.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soljacic, M.

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weisberg, O.

West, J. A.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Williams, D. P.

Wintner, E.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, V. P. Mitrokhin, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser ablation of dental tissues with picosecond pulses of 1.06-µm radiation transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Opt. 43, 2251-2256 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre," J. Phys. D 36, 1375-1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, D.

Zheltikov, A. M.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, E. E. Serebryannikov, V. P. Mitrokhin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 129-133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, V. P. Mitrokhin, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, M. Scalora, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser ablation of dental tissues with picosecond pulses of 1.06-µm radiation transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Appl. Opt. 43, 2251-2256 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat Jr., D. Chorvat, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, R. B. Miles, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Limiting of microjoule femtosecond pulses in air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 023807 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre," J. Phys. D 36, 1375-1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Enhanced four-wave mixing in a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1448-1450 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Waveguide modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," JETP Lett. 76, 341-345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. B. Miles, G. Laufer, and G. C. Bjorklund, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a hollow dielectric waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 417-419 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre," J. Phys. D 36, 1375-1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, E. E. Serebryannikov, V. P. Mitrokhin, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," J. Raman Spectrosc. 36, 129-133 (2005).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Waveguide modes of hollow photonic-crystal fibers," JETP Lett. 76, 341-345 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy," Nature 418, 512-514 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, I. Bugar, D. Chorvat Jr., D. Chorvat, E. E. Serebryannikov, M. J. Bloemer, M. Scalora, R. B. Miles, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Limiting of microjoule femtosecond pulses in air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 023807 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Science (4)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

S. A. Akhmanov and N. I. Koroteev, Methods of Nonlinear Optics in Light Scattering Spectroscopy (Nauka, 1981) (in Russian).

G. L. Eesley, Coherent Raman Spectroscopy (Pergamon, 1981).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission spectrum of the hollow-core PCF. The inset shows the cross-section view of the PCF with a period of the cladding structure of 5 μ m .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity of the ω a = 2 ω 1 ω 2 four-wave mixing signal from the hollow PCF with the length of 8 cm versus the wavelength of dye-laser radiation with λ 1 ranging from 630 to 665 nm and λ 2 = 1064 nm : 1, the measured spectrum of the FWM signal; 2, fiber transmission for dye-laser radiation; 3, fiber transmission for the FWM signal; and 4, the spectral profile of the factor M.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity of the ω a = 2 ω 1 ω 2 four-wave mixing signal from the hollow PCF with the length of 8 cm versus the wavelength of dye-laser radiation with λ 1 = 532 nm and λ 2 ranging from 645 to 670 nm: 1, the measured spectrum of the FWM signal; 2, fiber transmission for dye-laser radiation; 3, fiber transmission for the FWM signal; 4, the spectral profile of the factor M; and 5, the spectrum of the FWM signal corrected for the factor M upon the subtraction of the spectrum of the CARS signal from the heated hollow PCF.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

CARS spectrum of Q-branch Raman-active vibrations of N 2 molecules in the atmospheric-pressure air filling the hollow core of the PCF. The insets show 1, an image of the PCF cross section; 2, the transmission spectrum of the hollow PCF designed to simultaneously support air-guided modes of the pump, probe, and CARS signal fields (their wavelengths are shown by vertical lines) in the hollow core of the fiber; and 3, the mismatch of the propagation constants δ β = 2 β 1 β 2 β a calculated for the ω a = 2 ω 1 ω 2 CARS process in fundamental air-guided modes of the hollow PCF with β 1 , β 2 , and β a being the propagation constants of the Nd:YAG-laser second-harmonic ( ω 1 ) and dye-laser ( ω 2 ) pump fields and the CARS signal ( ω a ) in the hollow PCF.

Equations (1)

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M ( Δ α l , α a l , δ β l ) = exp [ ( Δ α + α a ) ] [ sin h 2 ( Δ α l 2 ) + sin 2 ( δ β l 2 ) ] [ ( Δ α l 2 ) 2 + ( δ β l 2 ) 2 ] 1 l 2 ,

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