Abstract

We study the effective third-order nonlinear susceptibility of a graded metal-dielectric composite film of anisotropic particles with weak nonlinearity by invoking the local field effects within the Maxwell-Garnett theory. We further numerically demonstrate that the film can serve as a novel optical material to produce a broad structure in both the linear and the nonlinear response and an enhancement in the nonlinear response.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  10. G. L. Fischer, R. W. Boyd, R. J. Gehr, S. A. Jenekhe, J. A. Osaheni, J. E. Sipe, and L. A. Weller-Brophy, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of composite materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1871-1874 (1995).
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  19. E. Snoeks, A. V. Blaaderen, T. V. Dillen, C. M. V. Kats, M. L. Brongersma, and A. Polman, "Colloidal ellipsoids with continuously variable shape," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 12, 1511-1514 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Benyagoub, S. Klaumünzer, L. Thomé, J. C. Dran, F. Garrido, and A. Dunlop, "Ion-beam induced plastic-deformation in amorphous materials investigated by maker implantation and RBS," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 64, 684-686 (1992).
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  22. H. Grull, A. Schreyer, N. F. Berk, C. F. Majkrzak, and C. C. Han, "Composition profiling in a binary polymer blend thin film using polarized neutron reflectivity," Europhys. Lett. 50, 107-112 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  23. D. R. Kammler, T. O. Mason, D. L. Young, T. J. Coutts, D. Ko, K. R. Poeppelmeier, and D. L. Williamson, "Comparison of thin film and bulk forms of the transparent conducting oxide solution Cd1+xIn2-2xSnxO4," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5979-5985 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. P. Huang and K. W. Yu, "Optical nonlinearity enhancement of graded metallic films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 94-96 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  25. J. P. Huang and K. W. Yu, "Second-harmonic generation in graded metallic films," Opt. Lett. 30, 275-277 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  26. W. T. Wang, Z. H. Chen, G. Yang, D. Y. Guan, G. Z. Yang, Y. L. Zhou, and H. B. Lu, "Resonant absorption quenching and enhancement of optical nonlinearity in Au:BaTiO3 composite films by adding Fe nanoclusters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1983-1985 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  27. I. Tanahashi, Y. Manabe, T. Tohda, S. Sasaki, and A. Nakamura, "Optical nonlinearities of Au/SiO2 composite thin films prepared by a sputtering method," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 1244-1249 (1996).
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    [CrossRef]
  34. G. Q. Gu and K. W. Yu, "Conductivities of dilute suspensions of graded fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 94, 3376-3383 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  35. J. P. Huang, K. W. Yu, G. Q. Gu, and M. Karttunen, "Electrorotation in graded colloidal suspensions," Phys. Rev. E 67, 051405 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  36. D. Stroud and V. E. Wood, "Decoupling approximation for the nonlinear-optical response of composite media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 778-786 (1989).
  37. J. C. Maxwell Garnett, "Colours in metal glasses and in metallic films," Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 203, 385-420 (1904).
  38. J. C. Maxwell Garnett, "Colours in metal glasses, in metallic films, and in metallic solutions. II," Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 205, 237-288 (1906).
  39. C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).
  40. Z. Hashin and S. Shtrikman, "A variational approach to the theory of the effective magnetic permeability of multiphase materials," J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3125-3131 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  41. K. W. Yu, "Mean field theory for lossy nonlinear composites," Solid State Commun. 105, 689-693 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  42. L. Gao, J. P. Huang, and K. W. Yu, "Effective nonlinear optical properties of composite media of graded spherical particles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 075105 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

L. Gao, J. P. Huang, and K. W. Yu, "Effective nonlinear optical properties of composite media of graded spherical particles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 075105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Huang and K. W. Yu, "Optical nonlinearity enhancement of graded metallic films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 94-96 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Roorda, T. V. Dillen, A. Polman, C. Graf, A. V. Blaaderen, and B. J. Kooi, "Aligned gold nanorods in silica made by ion irradiation of core-shell colloidal particles," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 16, 235-237 (2004).

2003 (5)

W. T. Wang, Z. H. Chen, G. Yang, D. Y. Guan, G. Z. Yang, Y. L. Zhou, and H. B. Lu, "Resonant absorption quenching and enhancement of optical nonlinearity in Au:BaTiO3 composite films by adding Fe nanoclusters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1983-1985 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Lu, X. H. Zhu, C. L. Mak, K. H. Wong, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, "High tunability in compositionally graded epitaxial barium strontium titanate thin films by pulsed-laser deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2877-2879 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, G. Q. Gu, and K. W. Yu, "First-principles approach to dielectric response of graded spherical particles," Phys. Rev. B 67, 224205 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Gu and K. W. Yu, "Conductivities of dilute suspensions of graded fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 94, 3376-3383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Huang, K. W. Yu, G. Q. Gu, and M. Karttunen, "Electrorotation in graded colloidal suspensions," Phys. Rev. E 67, 051405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. V. Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, "Drastic reduction of plasmon damping in gold nanorods," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 077402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

M. Tlidi, M. F. Hilali, and P. Mandel, "Instability of optical tetrahedral dissipative crystals," Europhys. Lett. 55, 26-32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Mulvaney, "Not all that's gold does glitter," MRS Bull. 26, 1009-1014 (2001).

D. R. Kammler, T. O. Mason, D. L. Young, T. J. Coutts, D. Ko, K. R. Poeppelmeier, and D. L. Williamson, "Comparison of thin film and bulk forms of the transparent conducting oxide solution Cd1+xIn2-2xSnxO4," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5979-5985 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

E. Snoeks, A. V. Blaaderen, T. V. Dillen, C. M. V. Kats, M. L. Brongersma, and A. Polman, "Colloidal ellipsoids with continuously variable shape," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 12, 1511-1514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Grull, A. Schreyer, N. F. Berk, C. F. Majkrzak, and C. C. Han, "Composition profiling in a binary polymer blend thin film using polarized neutron reflectivity," Europhys. Lett. 50, 107-112 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

B. M. I. V. D. Zande, L. Pages, R. A. M. Hikmet, and A. V. Blaaderen, "Optical properties of aligned rod-shaped gold particles dispersed in poly(vinyl alcohol) films," J. Phys. Chem. 103, 5761-5767 (1999).

R. S. Bennink, Y.-K. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, and J. E. Sipe, "Accessing the optical nonlinearity of metals with metal-dielectric photonic bandgap structures," Opt. Lett. 24, 1416-1418 (1999).

1998 (1)

K. W. Yu, "Mean field theory for lossy nonlinear composites," Solid State Commun. 105, 689-693 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

K. P. Yuen and K. W. Yu, "Optical response of a nonlinear composite film," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1387-1389 (1997).

K. P. Yuen, M. F. Law, K. W. Yu, and P. Sheng, "Optical nonlinearity enhancement via geometric anisotropy," Phys. Rev. E 56, R1322-R1325 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

I. Tanahashi, Y. Manabe, T. Tohda, S. Sasaki, and A. Nakamura, "Optical nonlinearities of Au/SiO2 composite thin films prepared by a sputtering method," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 1244-1249 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

G. L. Fischer, R. W. Boyd, R. J. Gehr, S. A. Jenekhe, J. A. Osaheni, J. E. Sipe, and L. A. Weller-Brophy, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of composite materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1871-1874 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. W. Yu, P. M. Hui, and D. Stroud, "Effective dielectric response of nonlinear composites," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14150-14156 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

D. J. Bergman and D. Stroud, "The physical properties of macroscopically inhomogeneous media," Solid State Phys. 46, 148-270 (1992).

J. E. Sipe and R. W. Boyd, "Nonlinear susceptibility of composite optical materials in the Maxwell Garnett model," Phys. Rev. A 46, 1614-1629 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Benyagoub, S. Klaumünzer, L. Thomé, J. C. Dran, F. Garrido, and A. Dunlop, "Ion-beam induced plastic-deformation in amorphous materials investigated by maker implantation and RBS," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 64, 684-686 (1992).

1989 (3)

D. J. Bergman, "Nonlinear behavior and 1/f noise near a conductivity threshold: effects of local microgeometry," Phys. Rev. B 39, 4598-4609 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Haus, R. Inguva, and C. M. Bowden, "Effective-medium theory of nonlinear ellipsoidal composites," Phys. Rev. A 40, 5729-5734 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. Stroud and V. E. Wood, "Decoupling approximation for the nonlinear-optical response of composite media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 778-786 (1989).

1988 (3)

D. Stroud and P. M. Hui, "Nonlinear susceptibilities of granular matter," Phys. Rev. B 37, 8719-8724 (1988).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Agarwal and S. Dutta Gupta, "T-matrix approach to the nonlinear susceptibilities of heterogeneous media," Phys. Rev. A 38, 5678-5687 (1988).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zeng, D. J. Bergman, P. M. Hui, and D. Stroud, "Effective-medium theory for weakly nonlinear composites," Phys. Rev. B 38, 10970-10973 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

Z. Hashin and S. Shtrikman, "A variational approach to the theory of the effective magnetic permeability of multiphase materials," J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3125-3131 (1962).
[CrossRef]

1906 (1)

J. C. Maxwell Garnett, "Colours in metal glasses, in metallic films, and in metallic solutions. II," Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 205, 237-288 (1906).

1904 (1)

J. C. Maxwell Garnett, "Colours in metal glasses and in metallic films," Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 203, 385-420 (1904).

Agarwal, G. S.

G. S. Agarwal and S. Dutta Gupta, "T-matrix approach to the nonlinear susceptibilities of heterogeneous media," Phys. Rev. A 38, 5678-5687 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bennink, R. S.

Benyagoub, A.

A. Benyagoub, S. Klaumünzer, L. Thomé, J. C. Dran, F. Garrido, and A. Dunlop, "Ion-beam induced plastic-deformation in amorphous materials investigated by maker implantation and RBS," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 64, 684-686 (1992).

Bergman, D. J.

D. J. Bergman and D. Stroud, "The physical properties of macroscopically inhomogeneous media," Solid State Phys. 46, 148-270 (1992).

D. J. Bergman, "Nonlinear behavior and 1/f noise near a conductivity threshold: effects of local microgeometry," Phys. Rev. B 39, 4598-4609 (1989).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zeng, D. J. Bergman, P. M. Hui, and D. Stroud, "Effective-medium theory for weakly nonlinear composites," Phys. Rev. B 38, 10970-10973 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Berk, N. F.

H. Grull, A. Schreyer, N. F. Berk, C. F. Majkrzak, and C. C. Han, "Composition profiling in a binary polymer blend thin film using polarized neutron reflectivity," Europhys. Lett. 50, 107-112 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Blaaderen, A. V.

S. Roorda, T. V. Dillen, A. Polman, C. Graf, A. V. Blaaderen, and B. J. Kooi, "Aligned gold nanorods in silica made by ion irradiation of core-shell colloidal particles," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 16, 235-237 (2004).

E. Snoeks, A. V. Blaaderen, T. V. Dillen, C. M. V. Kats, M. L. Brongersma, and A. Polman, "Colloidal ellipsoids with continuously variable shape," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 12, 1511-1514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. M. I. V. D. Zande, L. Pages, R. A. M. Hikmet, and A. V. Blaaderen, "Optical properties of aligned rod-shaped gold particles dispersed in poly(vinyl alcohol) films," J. Phys. Chem. 103, 5761-5767 (1999).

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).

Bowden, C. M.

J. W. Haus, R. Inguva, and C. M. Bowden, "Effective-medium theory of nonlinear ellipsoidal composites," Phys. Rev. A 40, 5729-5734 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. S. Bennink, Y.-K. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, and J. E. Sipe, "Accessing the optical nonlinearity of metals with metal-dielectric photonic bandgap structures," Opt. Lett. 24, 1416-1418 (1999).

G. L. Fischer, R. W. Boyd, R. J. Gehr, S. A. Jenekhe, J. A. Osaheni, J. E. Sipe, and L. A. Weller-Brophy, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of composite materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1871-1874 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sipe and R. W. Boyd, "Nonlinear susceptibility of composite optical materials in the Maxwell Garnett model," Phys. Rev. A 46, 1614-1629 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

E. Snoeks, A. V. Blaaderen, T. V. Dillen, C. M. V. Kats, M. L. Brongersma, and A. Polman, "Colloidal ellipsoids with continuously variable shape," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 12, 1511-1514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chan, H. L. W.

S. G. Lu, X. H. Zhu, C. L. Mak, K. H. Wong, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, "High tunability in compositionally graded epitaxial barium strontium titanate thin films by pulsed-laser deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2877-2879 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. H.

W. T. Wang, Z. H. Chen, G. Yang, D. Y. Guan, G. Z. Yang, Y. L. Zhou, and H. B. Lu, "Resonant absorption quenching and enhancement of optical nonlinearity in Au:BaTiO3 composite films by adding Fe nanoclusters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1983-1985 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Choy, C. L.

S. G. Lu, X. H. Zhu, C. L. Mak, K. H. Wong, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, "High tunability in compositionally graded epitaxial barium strontium titanate thin films by pulsed-laser deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2877-2879 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Coutts, T. J.

D. R. Kammler, T. O. Mason, D. L. Young, T. J. Coutts, D. Ko, K. R. Poeppelmeier, and D. L. Williamson, "Comparison of thin film and bulk forms of the transparent conducting oxide solution Cd1+xIn2-2xSnxO4," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5979-5985 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dillen, T. V.

S. Roorda, T. V. Dillen, A. Polman, C. Graf, A. V. Blaaderen, and B. J. Kooi, "Aligned gold nanorods in silica made by ion irradiation of core-shell colloidal particles," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 16, 235-237 (2004).

E. Snoeks, A. V. Blaaderen, T. V. Dillen, C. M. V. Kats, M. L. Brongersma, and A. Polman, "Colloidal ellipsoids with continuously variable shape," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 12, 1511-1514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

L. Dong, G. Q. Gu, and K. W. Yu, "First-principles approach to dielectric response of graded spherical particles," Phys. Rev. B 67, 224205 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dran, J. C.

A. Benyagoub, S. Klaumünzer, L. Thomé, J. C. Dran, F. Garrido, and A. Dunlop, "Ion-beam induced plastic-deformation in amorphous materials investigated by maker implantation and RBS," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 64, 684-686 (1992).

Dunlop, A.

A. Benyagoub, S. Klaumünzer, L. Thomé, J. C. Dran, F. Garrido, and A. Dunlop, "Ion-beam induced plastic-deformation in amorphous materials investigated by maker implantation and RBS," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 64, 684-686 (1992).

Dutta Gupta, S.

G. S. Agarwal and S. Dutta Gupta, "T-matrix approach to the nonlinear susceptibilities of heterogeneous media," Phys. Rev. A 38, 5678-5687 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Feldmann, J.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. V. Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, "Drastic reduction of plasmon damping in gold nanorods," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 077402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, G. L.

G. L. Fischer, R. W. Boyd, R. J. Gehr, S. A. Jenekhe, J. A. Osaheni, J. E. Sipe, and L. A. Weller-Brophy, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of composite materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1871-1874 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Franzl, T.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. V. Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, "Drastic reduction of plasmon damping in gold nanorods," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 077402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gao, L.

L. Gao, J. P. Huang, and K. W. Yu, "Effective nonlinear optical properties of composite media of graded spherical particles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 075105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Garland, J. C.

J. C. Garland and D. B. Tanner, eds., Electric Transport and Optical Properties of Inhomogeneous Media, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 40 (American Institute of Physics, 1978).

Garrido, F.

A. Benyagoub, S. Klaumünzer, L. Thomé, J. C. Dran, F. Garrido, and A. Dunlop, "Ion-beam induced plastic-deformation in amorphous materials investigated by maker implantation and RBS," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 64, 684-686 (1992).

Gehr, R. J.

G. L. Fischer, R. W. Boyd, R. J. Gehr, S. A. Jenekhe, J. A. Osaheni, J. E. Sipe, and L. A. Weller-Brophy, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of composite materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1871-1874 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Graf, C.

S. Roorda, T. V. Dillen, A. Polman, C. Graf, A. V. Blaaderen, and B. J. Kooi, "Aligned gold nanorods in silica made by ion irradiation of core-shell colloidal particles," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 16, 235-237 (2004).

Grull, H.

H. Grull, A. Schreyer, N. F. Berk, C. F. Majkrzak, and C. C. Han, "Composition profiling in a binary polymer blend thin film using polarized neutron reflectivity," Europhys. Lett. 50, 107-112 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gu, G. Q.

J. P. Huang, K. W. Yu, G. Q. Gu, and M. Karttunen, "Electrorotation in graded colloidal suspensions," Phys. Rev. E 67, 051405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, G. Q. Gu, and K. W. Yu, "First-principles approach to dielectric response of graded spherical particles," Phys. Rev. B 67, 224205 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Gu and K. W. Yu, "Conductivities of dilute suspensions of graded fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 94, 3376-3383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Guan, D. Y.

W. T. Wang, Z. H. Chen, G. Yang, D. Y. Guan, G. Z. Yang, Y. L. Zhou, and H. B. Lu, "Resonant absorption quenching and enhancement of optical nonlinearity in Au:BaTiO3 composite films by adding Fe nanoclusters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1983-1985 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Han, C. C.

H. Grull, A. Schreyer, N. F. Berk, C. F. Majkrzak, and C. C. Han, "Composition profiling in a binary polymer blend thin film using polarized neutron reflectivity," Europhys. Lett. 50, 107-112 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hashin, Z.

Z. Hashin and S. Shtrikman, "A variational approach to the theory of the effective magnetic permeability of multiphase materials," J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3125-3131 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Haus, J. W.

J. W. Haus, R. Inguva, and C. M. Bowden, "Effective-medium theory of nonlinear ellipsoidal composites," Phys. Rev. A 40, 5729-5734 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hikmet, R. A. M.

B. M. I. V. D. Zande, L. Pages, R. A. M. Hikmet, and A. V. Blaaderen, "Optical properties of aligned rod-shaped gold particles dispersed in poly(vinyl alcohol) films," J. Phys. Chem. 103, 5761-5767 (1999).

Hilali, M. F.

M. Tlidi, M. F. Hilali, and P. Mandel, "Instability of optical tetrahedral dissipative crystals," Europhys. Lett. 55, 26-32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. P.

J. P. Huang and K. W. Yu, "Second-harmonic generation in graded metallic films," Opt. Lett. 30, 275-277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Gao, J. P. Huang, and K. W. Yu, "Effective nonlinear optical properties of composite media of graded spherical particles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 075105 (2004).
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J. P. Huang and K. W. Yu, "Optical nonlinearity enhancement of graded metallic films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 94-96 (2004).
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J. P. Huang, K. W. Yu, G. Q. Gu, and M. Karttunen, "Electrorotation in graded colloidal suspensions," Phys. Rev. E 67, 051405 (2003).
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K. W. Yu, P. M. Hui, and D. Stroud, "Effective dielectric response of nonlinear composites," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14150-14156 (1993).
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D. Stroud and P. M. Hui, "Nonlinear susceptibilities of granular matter," Phys. Rev. B 37, 8719-8724 (1988).
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X. C. Zeng, D. J. Bergman, P. M. Hui, and D. Stroud, "Effective-medium theory for weakly nonlinear composites," Phys. Rev. B 38, 10970-10973 (1988).
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T. B. Jones, Electromechanics of Particles (Cambridge U. Press, 1995).

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D. R. Kammler, T. O. Mason, D. L. Young, T. J. Coutts, D. Ko, K. R. Poeppelmeier, and D. L. Williamson, "Comparison of thin film and bulk forms of the transparent conducting oxide solution Cd1+xIn2-2xSnxO4," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5979-5985 (2001).
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J. P. Huang, K. W. Yu, G. Q. Gu, and M. Karttunen, "Electrorotation in graded colloidal suspensions," Phys. Rev. E 67, 051405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kats, C. M. V.

E. Snoeks, A. V. Blaaderen, T. V. Dillen, C. M. V. Kats, M. L. Brongersma, and A. Polman, "Colloidal ellipsoids with continuously variable shape," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 12, 1511-1514 (2000).
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A. Benyagoub, S. Klaumünzer, L. Thomé, J. C. Dran, F. Garrido, and A. Dunlop, "Ion-beam induced plastic-deformation in amorphous materials investigated by maker implantation and RBS," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 64, 684-686 (1992).

Ko, D.

D. R. Kammler, T. O. Mason, D. L. Young, T. J. Coutts, D. Ko, K. R. Poeppelmeier, and D. L. Williamson, "Comparison of thin film and bulk forms of the transparent conducting oxide solution Cd1+xIn2-2xSnxO4," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5979-5985 (2001).
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S. Roorda, T. V. Dillen, A. Polman, C. Graf, A. V. Blaaderen, and B. J. Kooi, "Aligned gold nanorods in silica made by ion irradiation of core-shell colloidal particles," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 16, 235-237 (2004).

Law, M. F.

K. P. Yuen, M. F. Law, K. W. Yu, and P. Sheng, "Optical nonlinearity enhancement via geometric anisotropy," Phys. Rev. E 56, R1322-R1325 (1997).
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W. T. Wang, Z. H. Chen, G. Yang, D. Y. Guan, G. Z. Yang, Y. L. Zhou, and H. B. Lu, "Resonant absorption quenching and enhancement of optical nonlinearity in Au:BaTiO3 composite films by adding Fe nanoclusters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1983-1985 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lu, S. G.

S. G. Lu, X. H. Zhu, C. L. Mak, K. H. Wong, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, "High tunability in compositionally graded epitaxial barium strontium titanate thin films by pulsed-laser deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2877-2879 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Majkrzak, C. F.

H. Grull, A. Schreyer, N. F. Berk, C. F. Majkrzak, and C. C. Han, "Composition profiling in a binary polymer blend thin film using polarized neutron reflectivity," Europhys. Lett. 50, 107-112 (2000).
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Mak, C. L.

S. G. Lu, X. H. Zhu, C. L. Mak, K. H. Wong, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, "High tunability in compositionally graded epitaxial barium strontium titanate thin films by pulsed-laser deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2877-2879 (2003).
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I. Tanahashi, Y. Manabe, T. Tohda, S. Sasaki, and A. Nakamura, "Optical nonlinearities of Au/SiO2 composite thin films prepared by a sputtering method," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 1244-1249 (1996).
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M. Tlidi, M. F. Hilali, and P. Mandel, "Instability of optical tetrahedral dissipative crystals," Europhys. Lett. 55, 26-32 (2001).
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D. R. Kammler, T. O. Mason, D. L. Young, T. J. Coutts, D. Ko, K. R. Poeppelmeier, and D. L. Williamson, "Comparison of thin film and bulk forms of the transparent conducting oxide solution Cd1+xIn2-2xSnxO4," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5979-5985 (2001).
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J. C. Maxwell Garnett, "Colours in metal glasses, in metallic films, and in metallic solutions. II," Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 205, 237-288 (1906).

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C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. V. Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, "Drastic reduction of plasmon damping in gold nanorods," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 077402 (2002).
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P. Mulvaney, "Not all that's gold does glitter," MRS Bull. 26, 1009-1014 (2001).

Nakamura, A.

I. Tanahashi, Y. Manabe, T. Tohda, S. Sasaki, and A. Nakamura, "Optical nonlinearities of Au/SiO2 composite thin films prepared by a sputtering method," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 1244-1249 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Osaheni, J. A.

G. L. Fischer, R. W. Boyd, R. J. Gehr, S. A. Jenekhe, J. A. Osaheni, J. E. Sipe, and L. A. Weller-Brophy, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of composite materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1871-1874 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pages, L.

B. M. I. V. D. Zande, L. Pages, R. A. M. Hikmet, and A. V. Blaaderen, "Optical properties of aligned rod-shaped gold particles dispersed in poly(vinyl alcohol) films," J. Phys. Chem. 103, 5761-5767 (1999).

Plessen, G. V.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. V. Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, "Drastic reduction of plasmon damping in gold nanorods," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 077402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Poeppelmeier, K. R.

D. R. Kammler, T. O. Mason, D. L. Young, T. J. Coutts, D. Ko, K. R. Poeppelmeier, and D. L. Williamson, "Comparison of thin film and bulk forms of the transparent conducting oxide solution Cd1+xIn2-2xSnxO4," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5979-5985 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

S. Roorda, T. V. Dillen, A. Polman, C. Graf, A. V. Blaaderen, and B. J. Kooi, "Aligned gold nanorods in silica made by ion irradiation of core-shell colloidal particles," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 16, 235-237 (2004).

E. Snoeks, A. V. Blaaderen, T. V. Dillen, C. M. V. Kats, M. L. Brongersma, and A. Polman, "Colloidal ellipsoids with continuously variable shape," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 12, 1511-1514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Roorda, S.

S. Roorda, T. V. Dillen, A. Polman, C. Graf, A. V. Blaaderen, and B. J. Kooi, "Aligned gold nanorods in silica made by ion irradiation of core-shell colloidal particles," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 16, 235-237 (2004).

Sasaki, S.

I. Tanahashi, Y. Manabe, T. Tohda, S. Sasaki, and A. Nakamura, "Optical nonlinearities of Au/SiO2 composite thin films prepared by a sputtering method," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 1244-1249 (1996).
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B. K. P. Scaife, Principles of Dielectrics (Calvendon, 1989).

Schreyer, A.

H. Grull, A. Schreyer, N. F. Berk, C. F. Majkrzak, and C. C. Han, "Composition profiling in a binary polymer blend thin film using polarized neutron reflectivity," Europhys. Lett. 50, 107-112 (2000).
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Shalaev, V. M.

V. M. Shalaev, Nonlinear Optics of Random Media: Fractal Composites and Metal-Dielectric Films (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

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K. P. Yuen, M. F. Law, K. W. Yu, and P. Sheng, "Optical nonlinearity enhancement via geometric anisotropy," Phys. Rev. E 56, R1322-R1325 (1997).
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Shtrikman, S.

Z. Hashin and S. Shtrikman, "A variational approach to the theory of the effective magnetic permeability of multiphase materials," J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3125-3131 (1962).
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R. S. Bennink, Y.-K. Yoon, R. W. Boyd, and J. E. Sipe, "Accessing the optical nonlinearity of metals with metal-dielectric photonic bandgap structures," Opt. Lett. 24, 1416-1418 (1999).

G. L. Fischer, R. W. Boyd, R. J. Gehr, S. A. Jenekhe, J. A. Osaheni, J. E. Sipe, and L. A. Weller-Brophy, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of composite materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1871-1874 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sipe and R. W. Boyd, "Nonlinear susceptibility of composite optical materials in the Maxwell Garnett model," Phys. Rev. A 46, 1614-1629 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Snoeks, E.

E. Snoeks, A. V. Blaaderen, T. V. Dillen, C. M. V. Kats, M. L. Brongersma, and A. Polman, "Colloidal ellipsoids with continuously variable shape," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 12, 1511-1514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sönnichsen, C.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. V. Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, "Drastic reduction of plasmon damping in gold nanorods," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 077402 (2002).
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K. W. Yu, P. M. Hui, and D. Stroud, "Effective dielectric response of nonlinear composites," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14150-14156 (1993).
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D. J. Bergman and D. Stroud, "The physical properties of macroscopically inhomogeneous media," Solid State Phys. 46, 148-270 (1992).

D. Stroud and V. E. Wood, "Decoupling approximation for the nonlinear-optical response of composite media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 778-786 (1989).

D. Stroud and P. M. Hui, "Nonlinear susceptibilities of granular matter," Phys. Rev. B 37, 8719-8724 (1988).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zeng, D. J. Bergman, P. M. Hui, and D. Stroud, "Effective-medium theory for weakly nonlinear composites," Phys. Rev. B 38, 10970-10973 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tanahashi, I.

I. Tanahashi, Y. Manabe, T. Tohda, S. Sasaki, and A. Nakamura, "Optical nonlinearities of Au/SiO2 composite thin films prepared by a sputtering method," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 1244-1249 (1996).
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J. C. Garland and D. B. Tanner, eds., Electric Transport and Optical Properties of Inhomogeneous Media, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 40 (American Institute of Physics, 1978).

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A. Benyagoub, S. Klaumünzer, L. Thomé, J. C. Dran, F. Garrido, and A. Dunlop, "Ion-beam induced plastic-deformation in amorphous materials investigated by maker implantation and RBS," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 64, 684-686 (1992).

Tlidi, M.

M. Tlidi, M. F. Hilali, and P. Mandel, "Instability of optical tetrahedral dissipative crystals," Europhys. Lett. 55, 26-32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tohda, T.

I. Tanahashi, Y. Manabe, T. Tohda, S. Sasaki, and A. Nakamura, "Optical nonlinearities of Au/SiO2 composite thin films prepared by a sputtering method," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 1244-1249 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W. T.

W. T. Wang, Z. H. Chen, G. Yang, D. Y. Guan, G. Z. Yang, Y. L. Zhou, and H. B. Lu, "Resonant absorption quenching and enhancement of optical nonlinearity in Au:BaTiO3 composite films by adding Fe nanoclusters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1983-1985 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weller-Brophy, L. A.

G. L. Fischer, R. W. Boyd, R. J. Gehr, S. A. Jenekhe, J. A. Osaheni, J. E. Sipe, and L. A. Weller-Brophy, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of composite materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1871-1874 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wilk, T.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. V. Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, "Drastic reduction of plasmon damping in gold nanorods," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 077402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Williamson, D. L.

D. R. Kammler, T. O. Mason, D. L. Young, T. J. Coutts, D. Ko, K. R. Poeppelmeier, and D. L. Williamson, "Comparison of thin film and bulk forms of the transparent conducting oxide solution Cd1+xIn2-2xSnxO4," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5979-5985 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, O.

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. V. Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, "Drastic reduction of plasmon damping in gold nanorods," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 077402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. H.

S. G. Lu, X. H. Zhu, C. L. Mak, K. H. Wong, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, "High tunability in compositionally graded epitaxial barium strontium titanate thin films by pulsed-laser deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2877-2879 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wood, V. E.

Yang, G.

W. T. Wang, Z. H. Chen, G. Yang, D. Y. Guan, G. Z. Yang, Y. L. Zhou, and H. B. Lu, "Resonant absorption quenching and enhancement of optical nonlinearity in Au:BaTiO3 composite films by adding Fe nanoclusters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1983-1985 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G. Z.

W. T. Wang, Z. H. Chen, G. Yang, D. Y. Guan, G. Z. Yang, Y. L. Zhou, and H. B. Lu, "Resonant absorption quenching and enhancement of optical nonlinearity in Au:BaTiO3 composite films by adding Fe nanoclusters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1983-1985 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, Y.-K.

Young, D. L.

D. R. Kammler, T. O. Mason, D. L. Young, T. J. Coutts, D. Ko, K. R. Poeppelmeier, and D. L. Williamson, "Comparison of thin film and bulk forms of the transparent conducting oxide solution Cd1+xIn2-2xSnxO4," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5979-5985 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yu, K. W.

J. P. Huang and K. W. Yu, "Second-harmonic generation in graded metallic films," Opt. Lett. 30, 275-277 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Gao, J. P. Huang, and K. W. Yu, "Effective nonlinear optical properties of composite media of graded spherical particles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 075105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Huang and K. W. Yu, "Optical nonlinearity enhancement of graded metallic films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 94-96 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Huang, K. W. Yu, G. Q. Gu, and M. Karttunen, "Electrorotation in graded colloidal suspensions," Phys. Rev. E 67, 051405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, G. Q. Gu, and K. W. Yu, "First-principles approach to dielectric response of graded spherical particles," Phys. Rev. B 67, 224205 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Gu and K. W. Yu, "Conductivities of dilute suspensions of graded fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 94, 3376-3383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Yu, "Mean field theory for lossy nonlinear composites," Solid State Commun. 105, 689-693 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Yuen and K. W. Yu, "Optical response of a nonlinear composite film," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1387-1389 (1997).

K. P. Yuen, M. F. Law, K. W. Yu, and P. Sheng, "Optical nonlinearity enhancement via geometric anisotropy," Phys. Rev. E 56, R1322-R1325 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Yu, P. M. Hui, and D. Stroud, "Effective dielectric response of nonlinear composites," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14150-14156 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yuen, K. P.

K. P. Yuen, M. F. Law, K. W. Yu, and P. Sheng, "Optical nonlinearity enhancement via geometric anisotropy," Phys. Rev. E 56, R1322-R1325 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Yuen and K. W. Yu, "Optical response of a nonlinear composite film," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1387-1389 (1997).

Zande, B. M. I. V. D.

B. M. I. V. D. Zande, L. Pages, R. A. M. Hikmet, and A. V. Blaaderen, "Optical properties of aligned rod-shaped gold particles dispersed in poly(vinyl alcohol) films," J. Phys. Chem. 103, 5761-5767 (1999).

Zeng, X. C.

X. C. Zeng, D. J. Bergman, P. M. Hui, and D. Stroud, "Effective-medium theory for weakly nonlinear composites," Phys. Rev. B 38, 10970-10973 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y. L.

W. T. Wang, Z. H. Chen, G. Yang, D. Y. Guan, G. Z. Yang, Y. L. Zhou, and H. B. Lu, "Resonant absorption quenching and enhancement of optical nonlinearity in Au:BaTiO3 composite films by adding Fe nanoclusters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1983-1985 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X. H.

S. G. Lu, X. H. Zhu, C. L. Mak, K. H. Wong, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, "High tunability in compositionally graded epitaxial barium strontium titanate thin films by pulsed-laser deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2877-2879 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) (2)

S. Roorda, T. V. Dillen, A. Polman, C. Graf, A. V. Blaaderen, and B. J. Kooi, "Aligned gold nanorods in silica made by ion irradiation of core-shell colloidal particles," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 16, 235-237 (2004).

E. Snoeks, A. V. Blaaderen, T. V. Dillen, C. M. V. Kats, M. L. Brongersma, and A. Polman, "Colloidal ellipsoids with continuously variable shape," Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 12, 1511-1514 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. G. Lu, X. H. Zhu, C. L. Mak, K. H. Wong, H. L. W. Chan, and C. L. Choy, "High tunability in compositionally graded epitaxial barium strontium titanate thin films by pulsed-laser deposition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2877-2879 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Wang, Z. H. Chen, G. Yang, D. Y. Guan, G. Z. Yang, Y. L. Zhou, and H. B. Lu, "Resonant absorption quenching and enhancement of optical nonlinearity in Au:BaTiO3 composite films by adding Fe nanoclusters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1983-1985 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Huang and K. W. Yu, "Optical nonlinearity enhancement of graded metallic films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 94-96 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (2)

H. Grull, A. Schreyer, N. F. Berk, C. F. Majkrzak, and C. C. Han, "Composition profiling in a binary polymer blend thin film using polarized neutron reflectivity," Europhys. Lett. 50, 107-112 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Tlidi, M. F. Hilali, and P. Mandel, "Instability of optical tetrahedral dissipative crystals," Europhys. Lett. 55, 26-32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

D. R. Kammler, T. O. Mason, D. L. Young, T. J. Coutts, D. Ko, K. R. Poeppelmeier, and D. L. Williamson, "Comparison of thin film and bulk forms of the transparent conducting oxide solution Cd1+xIn2-2xSnxO4," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5979-5985 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Gu and K. W. Yu, "Conductivities of dilute suspensions of graded fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 94, 3376-3383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Tanahashi, Y. Manabe, T. Tohda, S. Sasaki, and A. Nakamura, "Optical nonlinearities of Au/SiO2 composite thin films prepared by a sputtering method," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 1244-1249 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hashin and S. Shtrikman, "A variational approach to the theory of the effective magnetic permeability of multiphase materials," J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3125-3131 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

B. M. I. V. D. Zande, L. Pages, R. A. M. Hikmet, and A. V. Blaaderen, "Optical properties of aligned rod-shaped gold particles dispersed in poly(vinyl alcohol) films," J. Phys. Chem. 103, 5761-5767 (1999).

MRS Bull. (1)

P. Mulvaney, "Not all that's gold does glitter," MRS Bull. 26, 1009-1014 (2001).

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B (1)

A. Benyagoub, S. Klaumünzer, L. Thomé, J. C. Dran, F. Garrido, and A. Dunlop, "Ion-beam induced plastic-deformation in amorphous materials investigated by maker implantation and RBS," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 64, 684-686 (1992).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A (2)

J. C. Maxwell Garnett, "Colours in metal glasses and in metallic films," Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 203, 385-420 (1904).

J. C. Maxwell Garnett, "Colours in metal glasses, in metallic films, and in metallic solutions. II," Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 205, 237-288 (1906).

Phys. Rev. A (3)

G. S. Agarwal and S. Dutta Gupta, "T-matrix approach to the nonlinear susceptibilities of heterogeneous media," Phys. Rev. A 38, 5678-5687 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Haus, R. Inguva, and C. M. Bowden, "Effective-medium theory of nonlinear ellipsoidal composites," Phys. Rev. A 40, 5729-5734 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sipe and R. W. Boyd, "Nonlinear susceptibility of composite optical materials in the Maxwell Garnett model," Phys. Rev. A 46, 1614-1629 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (6)

K. W. Yu, P. M. Hui, and D. Stroud, "Effective dielectric response of nonlinear composites," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14150-14156 (1993).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zeng, D. J. Bergman, P. M. Hui, and D. Stroud, "Effective-medium theory for weakly nonlinear composites," Phys. Rev. B 38, 10970-10973 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Bergman, "Nonlinear behavior and 1/f noise near a conductivity threshold: effects of local microgeometry," Phys. Rev. B 39, 4598-4609 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. Stroud and P. M. Hui, "Nonlinear susceptibilities of granular matter," Phys. Rev. B 37, 8719-8724 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, G. Q. Gu, and K. W. Yu, "First-principles approach to dielectric response of graded spherical particles," Phys. Rev. B 67, 224205 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Gao, J. P. Huang, and K. W. Yu, "Effective nonlinear optical properties of composite media of graded spherical particles," Phys. Rev. B 69, 075105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

K. P. Yuen, M. F. Law, K. W. Yu, and P. Sheng, "Optical nonlinearity enhancement via geometric anisotropy," Phys. Rev. E 56, R1322-R1325 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Huang, K. W. Yu, G. Q. Gu, and M. Karttunen, "Electrorotation in graded colloidal suspensions," Phys. Rev. E 67, 051405 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

C. Sönnichsen, T. Franzl, T. Wilk, G. V. Plessen, J. Feldmann, O. Wilson, and P. Mulvaney, "Drastic reduction of plasmon damping in gold nanorods," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 077402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Fischer, R. W. Boyd, R. J. Gehr, S. A. Jenekhe, J. A. Osaheni, J. E. Sipe, and L. A. Weller-Brophy, "Enhanced nonlinear optical response of composite materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1871-1874 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

K. W. Yu, "Mean field theory for lossy nonlinear composites," Solid State Commun. 105, 689-693 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Phys. (1)

D. J. Bergman and D. Stroud, "The physical properties of macroscopically inhomogeneous media," Solid State Phys. 46, 148-270 (1992).

Other (7)

V. M. Shalaev, Nonlinear Optics of Random Media: Fractal Composites and Metal-Dielectric Films (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

B. K. P. Scaife, Principles of Dielectrics (Calvendon, 1989).

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, 1975).

J. C. Garland and D. B. Tanner, eds., Electric Transport and Optical Properties of Inhomogeneous Media, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 40 (American Institute of Physics, 1978).

G. W. Milton, The Theory of Composites (Cambridge U. Press, 2002).

T. B. Jones, Electromechanics of Particles (Cambridge U. Press, 1995).

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