Abstract

Laser beam smoothing achieved with 1-THz-bandwidth, two-dimensional smoothing by spectral dispersion and polarization smoothing on the 60-beam, 30-kJ, 351-nm OMEGA laser system is reported. These beam-smoothing techniques are directly applicable to direct-drive ignition target designs for the 192-beam, 1.8-MJ, 351-nm National Ignition Facility. Equivalent-target-plane images for constant-intensity laser pulses of varying duration were used to determine the smoothing. The properties of the phase plates, frequency modulators, and birefringent wedges were simulated and found to be in good agreement with the measurements.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  25. J. Paisner, J. D. Boyes, S. A. Kumpan, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. S. Sorem, "National ignition facility would boost U.S. industrial competitiveness," Laser Focus World 30, 75-77 (1994).
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    [CrossRef]

2004 (3)

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Marshall, J. A. Delettrez, R. Epstein, R. Forties, R. L. Keck, J. H. Kelly, P. W. McKenty, S. P. Regan, and L. J. Waxer, "Direct-drive implosion experiments with enhanced fluence balance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 251-259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

V. N. Goncharov, J. P. Knauer, P. W. McKenty, P. B. Radha, T. C. Sangster, S. Skupsky, R. Betti, R. L. McCrory, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "Improved performance of direct-drive inertial confinement fusion target designs with adiabat shaping using an intensity picket," Phys. Plasmas 10, 1906-1918 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, and T. J. Kessler, "Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444-3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupsky and R. S. Craxton, "Irradiation uniformity for high-compression laser-fusion experiments," Phys. Plasmas 6, 2157-2163 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Smalyuk, T. R. Boehly, D. K. Bradley, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, J. P. Knauer, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. Oron, and D. Shvarts, "Saturation of the Rayleigh-Taylor growth of broad-bandwidth laser-imposed nonuniformities in planar targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5342-5345 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

R. Epstein, "Reduction of time-averaged irradiation speckle nonuniformity in laser-driven plasmas due to target ablation," J. Appl. Phys. 82, 2123-2139 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Rothenberg, "Comparison of beam-smoothing methods for direct-drive intertial confinement fusion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1664-1671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (3)

J. Delettrez, D. K. Bradley, and C. P. Verdon, "The role of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in laser-driven burnthrough experiments," Phys. Plasmas 1, 2342-2349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kilkenny, S. G. Glendinning, S. W. Haan, B. A. Hammel, J. D. Lindl, D. Munro, B. A. Remington, S. V. Weber, J. P. Knauer, and C. P. Verdon, "A review of the ablative stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in regimes relevant to inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1379-1389 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Paisner, J. D. Boyes, S. A. Kumpan, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. S. Sorem, "National ignition facility would boost U.S. industrial competitiveness," Laser Focus World 30, 75-77 (1994).

1993 (1)

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation," Opt. Commun. 103, 185-188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, H. Nakano, T. Kanabe, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate," Opt. Commun. 91, 9-12 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Bradley, J. A. Delettrez, and C. P. Verdon, "Measurements of the effect of laser beam smoothing on direct-drive inertial-confinement-fusion capsule implosions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2774-2777 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Afeyan, B. B.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, M.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. J.

T. J. Kessler, Y. Lin, J. J. Armstrong, and B. Velazquez, "Phase conversion of lasers with low-loss distributed phase plates," in Laser Coherence Control: Technology and Applications, H.T.Powell and T.J.Kessler, eds., Proc. SPIE 1870, 95-104 (1993).

Betti, R.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Goncharov, J. P. Knauer, P. W. McKenty, P. B. Radha, T. C. Sangster, S. Skupsky, R. Betti, R. L. McCrory, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "Improved performance of direct-drive inertial confinement fusion target designs with adiabat shaping using an intensity picket," Phys. Plasmas 10, 1906-1918 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bodner, S. E.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boehly, T. R.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Marozas, J. H. Kelly, T. R. Boehly, W. R. Donaldson, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. L. Keck, T. J. Kessler, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, and V. A. Smalyuk, "Experimental investigation of smoothing by spectral dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1483-1489 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, and T. J. Kessler, "Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444-3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Smalyuk, T. R. Boehly, D. K. Bradley, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, J. P. Knauer, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. Oron, and D. Shvarts, "Saturation of the Rayleigh-Taylor growth of broad-bandwidth laser-imposed nonuniformities in planar targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5342-5345 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boyes, J. D.

J. Paisner, J. D. Boyes, S. A. Kumpan, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. S. Sorem, "National ignition facility would boost U.S. industrial competitiveness," Laser Focus World 30, 75-77 (1994).

Bradley, D. K.

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, and T. J. Kessler, "Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444-3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Smalyuk, T. R. Boehly, D. K. Bradley, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, J. P. Knauer, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. Oron, and D. Shvarts, "Saturation of the Rayleigh-Taylor growth of broad-bandwidth laser-imposed nonuniformities in planar targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5342-5345 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Delettrez, D. K. Bradley, and C. P. Verdon, "The role of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in laser-driven burnthrough experiments," Phys. Plasmas 1, 2342-2349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Bradley, J. A. Delettrez, and C. P. Verdon, "Measurements of the effect of laser beam smoothing on direct-drive inertial-confinement-fusion capsule implosions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2774-2777 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, D. L.

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Colombant, D. G.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Craxton, R. S.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, and T. J. Kessler, "Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444-3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupsky and R. S. Craxton, "Irradiation uniformity for high-compression laser-fusion experiments," Phys. Plasmas 6, 2157-2163 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Delettrez, J.

J. Delettrez, D. K. Bradley, and C. P. Verdon, "The role of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in laser-driven burnthrough experiments," Phys. Plasmas 1, 2342-2349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Delettrez, J. A.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
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F. J. Marshall, J. A. Delettrez, R. Epstein, R. Forties, R. L. Keck, J. H. Kelly, P. W. McKenty, S. P. Regan, and L. J. Waxer, "Direct-drive implosion experiments with enhanced fluence balance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 251-259 (2004).
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P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Smalyuk, T. R. Boehly, D. K. Bradley, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, J. P. Knauer, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. Oron, and D. Shvarts, "Saturation of the Rayleigh-Taylor growth of broad-bandwidth laser-imposed nonuniformities in planar targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5342-5345 (1998).
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D. K. Bradley, J. A. Delettrez, and C. P. Verdon, "Measurements of the effect of laser beam smoothing on direct-drive inertial-confinement-fusion capsule implosions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2774-2777 (1992).
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Donaldson, W. R.

Elasky, L.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
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Epstein, R.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Marshall, J. A. Delettrez, R. Epstein, R. Forties, R. L. Keck, J. H. Kelly, P. W. McKenty, S. P. Regan, and L. J. Waxer, "Direct-drive implosion experiments with enhanced fluence balance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 251-259 (2004).
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S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
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R. Epstein, "Reduction of time-averaged irradiation speckle nonuniformity in laser-driven plasmas due to target ablation," J. Appl. Phys. 82, 2123-2139 (1997).
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P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Forties, R.

F. J. Marshall, J. A. Delettrez, R. Epstein, R. Forties, R. L. Keck, J. H. Kelly, P. W. McKenty, S. P. Regan, and L. J. Waxer, "Direct-drive implosion experiments with enhanced fluence balance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 251-259 (2004).
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Frank, A.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
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Freeman, C.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
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Frenje, J. A.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
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S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
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Gardner, J. H.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
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Glebov, V. Yu.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
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P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
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Glendinning, S. G.

J. D. Kilkenny, S. G. Glendinning, S. W. Haan, B. A. Hammel, J. D. Lindl, D. Munro, B. A. Remington, S. V. Weber, J. P. Knauer, and C. P. Verdon, "A review of the ablative stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in regimes relevant to inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1379-1389 (1994).
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Goncharov, V. N.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
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P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
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V. N. Goncharov, J. P. Knauer, P. W. McKenty, P. B. Radha, T. C. Sangster, S. Skupsky, R. Betti, R. L. McCrory, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "Improved performance of direct-drive inertial confinement fusion target designs with adiabat shaping using an intensity picket," Phys. Plasmas 10, 1906-1918 (2003).
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V. A. Smalyuk, T. R. Boehly, D. K. Bradley, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, J. P. Knauer, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. Oron, and D. Shvarts, "Saturation of the Rayleigh-Taylor growth of broad-bandwidth laser-imposed nonuniformities in planar targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5342-5345 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guardalben, M. J.

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, and T. J. Kessler, "Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444-3447 (1999).
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T. E. Gunderman, J.-C. Lee, T. J. Kessler, S. D. Jacobs, D. J. Smith, and S. Skupsky, "Design of continuous surface-relief phase plates by surface-based simulated annealing to achieve control of focal-plane irradiance," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990).

Haan, S. W.

J. D. Kilkenny, S. G. Glendinning, S. W. Haan, B. A. Hammel, J. D. Lindl, D. Munro, B. A. Remington, S. V. Weber, J. P. Knauer, and C. P. Verdon, "A review of the ablative stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in regimes relevant to inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1379-1389 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hammel, B. A.

J. D. Kilkenny, S. G. Glendinning, S. W. Haan, B. A. Hammel, J. D. Lindl, D. Munro, B. A. Remington, S. V. Weber, J. P. Knauer, and C. P. Verdon, "A review of the ablative stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in regimes relevant to inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1379-1389 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Harding, D. R.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haynes, D. A.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Izumi, N.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jaanimagi, P. A.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. P. Regan, J. A. Marozas, J. H. Kelly, T. R. Boehly, W. R. Donaldson, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. L. Keck, T. J. Kessler, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, and V. A. Smalyuk, "Experimental investigation of smoothing by spectral dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1483-1489 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jacobs, S. D.

T. E. Gunderman, J.-C. Lee, T. J. Kessler, S. D. Jacobs, D. J. Smith, and S. Skupsky, "Design of continuous surface-relief phase plates by surface-based simulated annealing to achieve control of focal-plane irradiance," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990).

Jin, S.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
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Jitsuno, T.

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation," Opt. Commun. 103, 185-188 (1993).
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K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, H. Nakano, T. Kanabe, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate," Opt. Commun. 91, 9-12 (1992).
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Kanabe, T.

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation," Opt. Commun. 103, 185-188 (1993).
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K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, H. Nakano, T. Kanabe, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate," Opt. Commun. 91, 9-12 (1992).
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Kato, Y.

Y. Kato, Laboratory for Laser Energetics, Rochester, N. Y. (personal communication, 1984).

Keck, R. L.

F. J. Marshall, J. A. Delettrez, R. Epstein, R. Forties, R. L. Keck, J. H. Kelly, P. W. McKenty, S. P. Regan, and L. J. Waxer, "Direct-drive implosion experiments with enhanced fluence balance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 251-259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Regan, J. A. Marozas, J. H. Kelly, T. R. Boehly, W. R. Donaldson, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. L. Keck, T. J. Kessler, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, and V. A. Smalyuk, "Experimental investigation of smoothing by spectral dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1483-1489 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, J. H.

F. J. Marshall, J. A. Delettrez, R. Epstein, R. Forties, R. L. Keck, J. H. Kelly, P. W. McKenty, S. P. Regan, and L. J. Waxer, "Direct-drive implosion experiments with enhanced fluence balance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 251-259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Marozas, S. P. Regan, J. H. Kelly, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, "Laser beam smoothing caused by the small-spatial-scale B integral," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 7-17 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Regan, J. A. Marozas, J. H. Kelly, T. R. Boehly, W. R. Donaldson, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. L. Keck, T. J. Kessler, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, and V. A. Smalyuk, "Experimental investigation of smoothing by spectral dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1483-1489 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kessler, T.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kessler, T. J.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Marozas, J. H. Kelly, T. R. Boehly, W. R. Donaldson, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. L. Keck, T. J. Kessler, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, and V. A. Smalyuk, "Experimental investigation of smoothing by spectral dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1483-1489 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, and T. J. Kessler, "Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444-3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lin, T. J. Kessler, and G. N. Lawrence, "Design of continuous surface-relief phase plates by surface-based simulated annealing to achieve control of focal-plane irradiance," Opt. Lett. 21, 1703-1705 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. E. Gunderman, J.-C. Lee, T. J. Kessler, S. D. Jacobs, D. J. Smith, and S. Skupsky, "Design of continuous surface-relief phase plates by surface-based simulated annealing to achieve control of focal-plane irradiance," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990).

T. J. Kessler, Y. Lin, J. J. Armstrong, and B. Velazquez, "Phase conversion of lasers with low-loss distributed phase plates," in Laser Coherence Control: Technology and Applications, H.T.Powell and T.J.Kessler, eds., Proc. SPIE 1870, 95-104 (1993).

Kilkenny, J. D.

J. D. Kilkenny, S. G. Glendinning, S. W. Haan, B. A. Hammel, J. D. Lindl, D. Munro, B. A. Remington, S. V. Weber, J. P. Knauer, and C. P. Verdon, "A review of the ablative stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in regimes relevant to inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1379-1389 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Knauer, J. P.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Goncharov, J. P. Knauer, P. W. McKenty, P. B. Radha, T. C. Sangster, S. Skupsky, R. Betti, R. L. McCrory, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "Improved performance of direct-drive inertial confinement fusion target designs with adiabat shaping using an intensity picket," Phys. Plasmas 10, 1906-1918 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, and T. J. Kessler, "Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444-3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Smalyuk, T. R. Boehly, D. K. Bradley, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, J. P. Knauer, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. Oron, and D. Shvarts, "Saturation of the Rayleigh-Taylor growth of broad-bandwidth laser-imposed nonuniformities in planar targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5342-5345 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kilkenny, S. G. Glendinning, S. W. Haan, B. A. Hammel, J. D. Lindl, D. Munro, B. A. Remington, S. V. Weber, J. P. Knauer, and C. P. Verdon, "A review of the ablative stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in regimes relevant to inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1379-1389 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koch, J. A.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kumpan, S. A.

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Paisner, J. D. Boyes, S. A. Kumpan, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. S. Sorem, "National ignition facility would boost U.S. industrial competitiveness," Laser Focus World 30, 75-77 (1994).

Lawrence, G. N.

Lee, J.-C.

T. E. Gunderman, J.-C. Lee, T. J. Kessler, S. D. Jacobs, D. J. Smith, and S. Skupsky, "Design of continuous surface-relief phase plates by surface-based simulated annealing to achieve control of focal-plane irradiance," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990).

Lehmberg, R. H.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lerche, R. A.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Letzring, S.

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Letzring, S. A.

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. K.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.

Y. Lin, T. J. Kessler, and G. N. Lawrence, "Design of continuous surface-relief phase plates by surface-based simulated annealing to achieve control of focal-plane irradiance," Opt. Lett. 21, 1703-1705 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Kessler, Y. Lin, J. J. Armstrong, and B. Velazquez, "Phase conversion of lasers with low-loss distributed phase plates," in Laser Coherence Control: Technology and Applications, H.T.Powell and T.J.Kessler, eds., Proc. SPIE 1870, 95-104 (1993).

Lindl, J. D.

J. D. Kilkenny, S. G. Glendinning, S. W. Haan, B. A. Hammel, J. D. Lindl, D. Munro, B. A. Remington, S. V. Weber, J. P. Knauer, and C. P. Verdon, "A review of the ablative stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in regimes relevant to inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1379-1389 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Lindl, Inertial Confinement Fusion: The Quest for Ignition and Energy Gain Using Indirect Drive (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998).

Loucks, S. J.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lowdermilk, W. H.

J. Paisner, J. D. Boyes, S. A. Kumpan, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. S. Sorem, "National ignition facility would boost U.S. industrial competitiveness," Laser Focus World 30, 75-77 (1994).

Lund, L. D.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marozas, J. A.

Marshall, F. J.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Marshall, J. A. Delettrez, R. Epstein, R. Forties, R. L. Keck, J. H. Kelly, P. W. McKenty, S. P. Regan, and L. J. Waxer, "Direct-drive implosion experiments with enhanced fluence balance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 251-259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

McCrory, R. L.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Goncharov, J. P. Knauer, P. W. McKenty, P. B. Radha, T. C. Sangster, S. Skupsky, R. Betti, R. L. McCrory, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "Improved performance of direct-drive inertial confinement fusion target designs with adiabat shaping using an intensity picket," Phys. Plasmas 10, 1906-1918 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

McKenty, P. W.

F. J. Marshall, J. A. Delettrez, R. Epstein, R. Forties, R. L. Keck, J. H. Kelly, P. W. McKenty, S. P. Regan, and L. J. Waxer, "Direct-drive implosion experiments with enhanced fluence balance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 251-259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Goncharov, J. P. Knauer, P. W. McKenty, P. B. Radha, T. C. Sangster, S. Skupsky, R. Betti, R. L. McCrory, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "Improved performance of direct-drive inertial confinement fusion target designs with adiabat shaping using an intensity picket," Phys. Plasmas 10, 1906-1918 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Goncharov, J. P. Knauer, P. W. McKenty, P. B. Radha, T. C. Sangster, S. Skupsky, R. Betti, R. L. McCrory, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "Improved performance of direct-drive inertial confinement fusion target designs with adiabat shaping using an intensity picket," Phys. Plasmas 10, 1906-1918 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Marozas, S. P. Regan, J. H. Kelly, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, "Laser beam smoothing caused by the small-spatial-scale B integral," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 7-17 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, and T. J. Kessler, "Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444-3447 (1999).
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V. A. Smalyuk, T. R. Boehly, D. K. Bradley, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, J. P. Knauer, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. Oron, and D. Shvarts, "Saturation of the Rayleigh-Taylor growth of broad-bandwidth laser-imposed nonuniformities in planar targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5342-5345 (1998).
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K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation," Opt. Commun. 103, 185-188 (1993).
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P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
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T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
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J. D. Kilkenny, S. G. Glendinning, S. W. Haan, B. A. Hammel, J. D. Lindl, D. Munro, B. A. Remington, S. V. Weber, J. P. Knauer, and C. P. Verdon, "A review of the ablative stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in regimes relevant to inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1379-1389 (1994).
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K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation," Opt. Commun. 103, 185-188 (1993).
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K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, H. Nakano, T. Kanabe, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate," Opt. Commun. 91, 9-12 (1992).
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Nakano, H.

K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, H. Nakano, T. Kanabe, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate," Opt. Commun. 91, 9-12 (1992).
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Nakatsuka, M.

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation," Opt. Commun. 103, 185-188 (1993).
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K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, H. Nakano, T. Kanabe, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate," Opt. Commun. 91, 9-12 (1992).
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S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
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Oron, D.

V. A. Smalyuk, T. R. Boehly, D. K. Bradley, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, J. P. Knauer, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. Oron, and D. Shvarts, "Saturation of the Rayleigh-Taylor growth of broad-bandwidth laser-imposed nonuniformities in planar targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5342-5345 (1998).
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Padalino, S.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
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J. Paisner, J. D. Boyes, S. A. Kumpan, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. S. Sorem, "National ignition facility would boost U.S. industrial competitiveness," Laser Focus World 30, 75-77 (1994).

Petrasso, R. D.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
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S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
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Phillips, L.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
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Phillips, T. W.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
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Powell, H. T.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
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Radha, P. B.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
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P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Goncharov, J. P. Knauer, P. W. McKenty, P. B. Radha, T. C. Sangster, S. Skupsky, R. Betti, R. L. McCrory, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "Improved performance of direct-drive inertial confinement fusion target designs with adiabat shaping using an intensity picket," Phys. Plasmas 10, 1906-1918 (2003).
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Regan, S. P.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
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F. J. Marshall, J. A. Delettrez, R. Epstein, R. Forties, R. L. Keck, J. H. Kelly, P. W. McKenty, S. P. Regan, and L. J. Waxer, "Direct-drive implosion experiments with enhanced fluence balance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 251-259 (2004).
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P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Marozas, S. P. Regan, J. H. Kelly, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, "Laser beam smoothing caused by the small-spatial-scale B integral," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 7-17 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Regan, J. A. Marozas, J. H. Kelly, T. R. Boehly, W. R. Donaldson, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. L. Keck, T. J. Kessler, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, and V. A. Smalyuk, "Experimental investigation of smoothing by spectral dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1483-1489 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Remington, B. A.

J. D. Kilkenny, S. G. Glendinning, S. W. Haan, B. A. Hammel, J. D. Lindl, D. Munro, B. A. Remington, S. V. Weber, J. P. Knauer, and C. P. Verdon, "A review of the ablative stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in regimes relevant to inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1379-1389 (1994).
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Roberts, S.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
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Rothenberg, J. E.

J. E. Rothenberg, "Comparison of beam-smoothing methods for direct-drive intertial confinement fusion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1664-1671 (1997).
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J. E. Rothenberg, "Two-dimensional beam smoothing by spectral dispersion for direct-drive inertial confinement fusion," in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), M.Andre and H.T.Powell, eds., Proc. SPIE 2633, 634-644 (1995).
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Sangster, T. C.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. N. Goncharov, J. P. Knauer, P. W. McKenty, P. B. Radha, T. C. Sangster, S. Skupsky, R. Betti, R. L. McCrory, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "Improved performance of direct-drive inertial confinement fusion target designs with adiabat shaping using an intensity picket," Phys. Plasmas 10, 1906-1918 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, G. J.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, A. J.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Séguin, F. H.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Seka, W.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Marozas, S. P. Regan, J. H. Kelly, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, "Laser beam smoothing caused by the small-spatial-scale B integral," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 7-17 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Regan, J. A. Marozas, J. H. Kelly, T. R. Boehly, W. R. Donaldson, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. L. Keck, T. J. Kessler, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, and V. A. Smalyuk, "Experimental investigation of smoothing by spectral dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1483-1489 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sethian, J. D.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
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S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shvarts, D.

V. A. Smalyuk, T. R. Boehly, D. K. Bradley, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, J. P. Knauer, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. Oron, and D. Shvarts, "Saturation of the Rayleigh-Taylor growth of broad-bandwidth laser-imposed nonuniformities in planar targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5342-5345 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Skupsky, S.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Goncharov, J. P. Knauer, P. W. McKenty, P. B. Radha, T. C. Sangster, S. Skupsky, R. Betti, R. L. McCrory, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "Improved performance of direct-drive inertial confinement fusion target designs with adiabat shaping using an intensity picket," Phys. Plasmas 10, 1906-1918 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Marozas, S. P. Regan, J. H. Kelly, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, and S. Skupsky, "Laser beam smoothing caused by the small-spatial-scale B integral," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 7-17 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Regan, J. A. Marozas, J. H. Kelly, T. R. Boehly, W. R. Donaldson, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. L. Keck, T. J. Kessler, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, and V. A. Smalyuk, "Experimental investigation of smoothing by spectral dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1483-1489 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupsky and R. S. Craxton, "Irradiation uniformity for high-compression laser-fusion experiments," Phys. Plasmas 6, 2157-2163 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, and T. J. Kessler, "Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444-3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. E. Gunderman, J.-C. Lee, T. J. Kessler, S. D. Jacobs, D. J. Smith, and S. Skupsky, "Design of continuous surface-relief phase plates by surface-based simulated annealing to achieve control of focal-plane irradiance," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990).

Smalyuk, V. A.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Regan, J. A. Marozas, J. H. Kelly, T. R. Boehly, W. R. Donaldson, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. L. Keck, T. J. Kessler, D. D. Meyerhofer, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, and V. A. Smalyuk, "Experimental investigation of smoothing by spectral dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1483-1489 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, and T. J. Kessler, "Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444-3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Smalyuk, T. R. Boehly, D. K. Bradley, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, J. P. Knauer, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. Oron, and D. Shvarts, "Saturation of the Rayleigh-Taylor growth of broad-bandwidth laser-imposed nonuniformities in planar targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5342-5345 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. J.

T. E. Gunderman, J.-C. Lee, T. J. Kessler, S. D. Jacobs, D. J. Smith, and S. Skupsky, "Design of continuous surface-relief phase plates by surface-based simulated annealing to achieve control of focal-plane irradiance," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990).

Sorce, C.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sorem, M. S.

J. Paisner, J. D. Boyes, S. A. Kumpan, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. S. Sorem, "National ignition facility would boost U.S. industrial competitiveness," Laser Focus World 30, 75-77 (1994).

Soures, J. M.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Stoeckl, C.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thorp, K. A.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsubakimoto, K.

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation," Opt. Commun. 103, 185-188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, H. Nakano, T. Kanabe, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate," Opt. Commun. 91, 9-12 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Velazquez, B.

T. J. Kessler, Y. Lin, J. J. Armstrong, and B. Velazquez, "Phase conversion of lasers with low-loss distributed phase plates," in Laser Coherence Control: Technology and Applications, H.T.Powell and T.J.Kessler, eds., Proc. SPIE 1870, 95-104 (1993).

Verdon, C. P.

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kilkenny, S. G. Glendinning, S. W. Haan, B. A. Hammel, J. D. Lindl, D. Munro, B. A. Remington, S. V. Weber, J. P. Knauer, and C. P. Verdon, "A review of the ablative stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in regimes relevant to inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1379-1389 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Delettrez, D. K. Bradley, and C. P. Verdon, "The role of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in laser-driven burnthrough experiments," Phys. Plasmas 1, 2342-2349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Bradley, J. A. Delettrez, and C. P. Verdon, "Measurements of the effect of laser beam smoothing on direct-drive inertial-confinement-fusion capsule implosions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2774-2777 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waxer, L. J.

F. J. Marshall, J. A. Delettrez, R. Epstein, R. Forties, R. L. Keck, J. H. Kelly, P. W. McKenty, S. P. Regan, and L. J. Waxer, "Direct-drive implosion experiments with enhanced fluence balance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 251-259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weber, S. V.

J. D. Kilkenny, S. G. Glendinning, S. W. Haan, B. A. Hammel, J. D. Lindl, D. Munro, B. A. Remington, S. V. Weber, J. P. Knauer, and C. P. Verdon, "A review of the ablative stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in regimes relevant to inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1379-1389 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wozniak, M.

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yaakobi, B.

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

R. Epstein, "Reduction of time-averaged irradiation speckle nonuniformity in laser-driven plasmas due to target ablation," J. Appl. Phys. 82, 2123-2139 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Skupsky, R. W. Short, T. Kessler, R. S. Craxton, S. Letzring, and J. M. Soures, "Improved laser-beam uniformity using the angular dispersion of frequency-modulated light," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3456-3462 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, V. A. Smalyuk, D. D. Meyerhofer, J. P. Knauer, D. K. Bradley, R. S. Craxton, M. J. Guardalben, S. Skupsky, and T. J. Kessler, "Reduction of laser imprinting using polarization smoothing on a solid-state fusion laser," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 3444-3447 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Laser Focus World (1)

J. Paisner, J. D. Boyes, S. A. Kumpan, W. H. Lowdermilk, and M. S. Sorem, "National ignition facility would boost U.S. industrial competitiveness," Laser Focus World 30, 75-77 (1994).

Opt. Commun. (3)

K. Tsubakimoto, M. Nakatsuka, H. Nakano, T. Kanabe, T. Jitsuno, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of interference speckles produced by a random phase plate, using a polarization control plate," Opt. Commun. 91, 9-12 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsubakimoto, T. Jitsuno, N. Miyanaga, M. Nakatsuka, T. Kanabe, and S. Nakai, "Suppression of speckle contrast by using polarization property on second harmonic generation," Opt. Commun. 103, 185-188 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Boehly, D. L. Brown, R. S. Craxton, R. L. Keck, J. P. Knauer, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, S. A. Kumpan, S. J. Loucks, S. A. Letzring, F. J. Marshall, R. L. McCrory, S. F. B. Morse, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and C. P. Verdon, "Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system," Opt. Commun. 133, 495-506 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Plasmas (7)

S. Skupsky and R. S. Craxton, "Irradiation uniformity for high-compression laser-fusion experiments," Phys. Plasmas 6, 2157-2163 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Goncharov, J. P. Knauer, P. W. McKenty, P. B. Radha, T. C. Sangster, S. Skupsky, R. Betti, R. L. McCrory, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "Improved performance of direct-drive inertial confinement fusion target designs with adiabat shaping using an intensity picket," Phys. Plasmas 10, 1906-1918 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Bodner, D. G. Colombant, J. H. Gardner, R. H. Lehmberg, S. P. Obenschain, L. Phillips, A. J. Schmitt, J. D. Sethian, R. L. McCrory, W. Seka, C. P. Verdon, J. P. Knauer, B. B. Afeyan, and H. T. Powell, "Direct-drive laser fusion: status and prospects," Phys. Plasmas 5, 1901-1918 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Delettrez, D. K. Bradley, and C. P. Verdon, "The role of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in laser-driven burnthrough experiments," Phys. Plasmas 1, 2342-2349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kilkenny, S. G. Glendinning, S. W. Haan, B. A. Hammel, J. D. Lindl, D. Munro, B. A. Remington, S. V. Weber, J. P. Knauer, and C. P. Verdon, "A review of the ablative stabilization of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability in regimes relevant to inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Plasmas 1, 1379-1389 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Marshall, J. A. Delettrez, R. Epstein, R. Forties, R. L. Keck, J. H. Kelly, P. W. McKenty, S. P. Regan, and L. J. Waxer, "Direct-drive implosion experiments with enhanced fluence balance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 251-259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. W. McKenty, T. C. Sangster, M. Alexander, R. Betti, R. S. Craxton, J. A. Delettrez, L. Elasky, R. Epstein, A. Frank, V. Yu. Glebov, V. N. Goncharov, D. R. Harding, S. Jin, J. P. Knauer, R. L. Keck, S. J. Loucks, L. D. Lund, R. L. McCrory, F. J. Marshall, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. P. Regan, P. B. Radha, S. Roberts, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, V. A. Smalyuk, J. M. Soures, K. A. Thorp, M. Wozniak, J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, F. H. Séguin, K. A. Fletcher, S. Padalino, C. Freeman, N. Izumi, J. A. Koch, R. A. Lerche, M. J. Moran, T. W. Phillips, G. J. Schmid, and C. Sorce, "Direct-drive cryogenic target implosion performance on OMEGA," Phys. Plasmas 11, 2790-2797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. P. Regan, J. A. Delettrez, V. N. Goncharov, F. J. Marshall, J. M. Soures, V. A. Smalyuk, P. B. Radha, B. Yaakobi, R. Epstein, V. Yu. Glebov, P. A. Jaanimagi, D. D. Meyerhofer, T. C. Sangster, W. Seka, S. Skupsky, C. Stoeckl, D. A. Haynes, Jr., J. A. Frenje, C. K. Li, R. D. Petrasso, and F. H. Séguin, "Dependence of shell mix on feedthrough in direct drive inertial confinement fusion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 185002 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. A. Smalyuk, T. R. Boehly, D. K. Bradley, V. N. Goncharov, J. A. Delettrez, J. P. Knauer, D. D. Meyerhofer, D. Oron, and D. Shvarts, "Saturation of the Rayleigh-Taylor growth of broad-bandwidth laser-imposed nonuniformities in planar targets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5342-5345 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Bradley, J. A. Delettrez, and C. P. Verdon, "Measurements of the effect of laser beam smoothing on direct-drive inertial-confinement-fusion capsule implosions," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2774-2777 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (6)

Y. Kato, Laboratory for Laser Energetics, Rochester, N. Y. (personal communication, 1984).

T. J. Kessler, Y. Lin, J. J. Armstrong, and B. Velazquez, "Phase conversion of lasers with low-loss distributed phase plates," in Laser Coherence Control: Technology and Applications, H.T.Powell and T.J.Kessler, eds., Proc. SPIE 1870, 95-104 (1993).

J. D. Lindl, Inertial Confinement Fusion: The Quest for Ignition and Energy Gain Using Indirect Drive (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998).

J. E. Rothenberg, "Two-dimensional beam smoothing by spectral dispersion for direct-drive inertial confinement fusion," in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), M.Andre and H.T.Powell, eds., Proc. SPIE 2633, 634-644 (1995).
[CrossRef]

"Phase conversion using distributed polarization rotation," Laboratory for Laser Energetics Review 45 (Rochester, N.Y., 1990), available as NTIS document DOE/DP40200-149 (National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va., 1990) pp. 1-12.

T. E. Gunderman, J.-C. Lee, T. J. Kessler, S. D. Jacobs, D. J. Smith, and S. Skupsky, "Design of continuous surface-relief phase plates by surface-based simulated annealing to achieve control of focal-plane irradiance," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Single-beam irradiation nonuniformity σ rms is plotted as a function of time for three laser-beam-smoothing conditions under consideration. Smoothing curves of the predicted σ rms [see Eq. (1)] are plotted for 0.2-THz, 2-D SSD (dashed curve); 1-THz, 2-D SSD (dotted curve); and 1-THz, 2-D SSD with PS (solid curve). The experimental results are plotted for 0.2-THz, 2-D SSD (triangles); 1-THz, 2-D SSD (diamonds); and 1-THz, 2-D SSD with PS (circles). The model shows excellent agreement with the experimental results that are a compilation of data from more than 200 laser shots. The error bars are smaller than the symbols.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured UVETP image of a 1-ns square laser pulse with 1-THz, 2-D SSD and PS (shot 22835). As demonstrated with the single-pixel lineout through the center of the beam, the laser beam has a smooth spatial intensity envelope. The spatial resolution and overall detector size of the CCD restrict the UVETP measurement to slightly more than one half of the laser beam profile. The laser beam is centered nominally on the photodetector, and 560 μ m of the 1010 - μ m laser spot (defined as the 95% enclosed energy contour) is sampled.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power spectra calculated from UVETP images of the (a) 1-ns square laser pulse with 1-THz, 2-D SSD and PS (shot 22835) and (b) 1-ns square laser pulse with 1-THz, 2-D SSD and no PS (shot 18249). The wave number is defined as k = 2 π λ SN , where λ SN is the spatial nonuniformity wavelength, and the l mode is defined as l = k R , where R = 500 μ m is the spherical target radius. The thick, solid curves represent the measured power spectra, and the thick, dashed curves represent the simulations, which are in agreement with the measured results.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated laser irradiation nonuniformity σ rms = [ Power ( l ) Power ( l = 0 ) ] 1 2 for l 200 of the 60 OMEGA beams projected symmetrically on a spherical target. The dotted, solid, and dashed curves represent the laser irradiation nonuniformity levels with no laser beam smoothing, with PS only, and with 2-D SSD (calculated in the asymptotic limit) and PS, respectively. A comparison of the instantaneous spectrum with and without PS shows that PS effectively reduces nonuniformities to l cut ( PS ) = 18 . When 2-D SSD is applied with PS, the nonuniformities are smoothed down to l cut ( PS + SSD ) = 7 .

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Specifications for Laser Beam Smoothing

Equations (3)

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σ rms = [ σ 0 2 ( t c t + t c ) + σ asymp 2 ] 1 2 ,
E ¯ ( x , y , t ) E 0 ( x , y , t ) exp [ i ϕ 2 - D SSD ( x , y , t ) ] exp [ i ϕ B ( x , y , t ) ] exp [ i ϕ DPP ( x , y ) ] { x ̂ + exp [ i ϕ PS ( y ) ] y ̂ } ,
ϕ 2 D SSD ( x , y , t ) 3 δ M x sin [ ω M x ( t + ξ x x ) ] + 3 δ M y sin [ ω M y ( t + ξ y y ) ] ,

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