Abstract

We have developed an external-injection seeding system to generate continuous wavelength-tunable optical short pulses with a side-mode suppression ratio of more than 28 dB over a wavelength-tuning range of 21.2 nm. The system consists of two Fabry–Pérot laser diodes, one of which is gain switched and another that is dc biased; two tunable optical filters; an erbium-doped optical-fiber amplifier; and a circulator. The system is simple, easy to operate, and robust and may be used in wavelength-division-multiplexed optical-communication systems and in time-division multiplexing of spectroscopic gas sensors.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Y. Lau, "Gain-switching of semiconductor injection lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 257-259 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 274-294 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. P. Vasil'ev, "Ultrashort pulse generation in diode lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 801-824 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. A. Haus, "Mode-locking of lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Lundqvist, T. Andersson, and S. T. Eng, "Generation of tunable single-mode picosecond pulses from an AlGaAs semiconductor laser with grating feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 715-717 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. N. Wang and X. Fang, "Generation of electrically wavelength-tunable optical short pulses using a Fabry-Pérot laser diode in an external-injection seeding scheme with improved sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 123-125 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Li, K. S. Kiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, and L. P. Barry, "Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 629-631 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, and L. P. Barry, "Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 629-631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. N. Wang and X. Fang, "Generation of electrically wavelength-tunable optical short pulses using a Fabry-Pérot laser diode in an external-injection seeding scheme with improved sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 123-125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

S. Li, K. S. Kiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, "Mode-locking of lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 274-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

P. P. Vasil'ev, "Ultrashort pulse generation in diode lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 801-824 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

K. Y. Lau, "Gain-switching of semiconductor injection lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 257-259 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

S. Lundqvist, T. Andersson, and S. T. Eng, "Generation of tunable single-mode picosecond pulses from an AlGaAs semiconductor laser with grating feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 715-717 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Anandarajah, P.

P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, and L. P. Barry, "Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 629-631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Andersson, T.

S. Lundqvist, T. Andersson, and S. T. Eng, "Generation of tunable single-mode picosecond pulses from an AlGaAs semiconductor laser with grating feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 715-717 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Barry, L. P.

P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, and L. P. Barry, "Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 629-631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

S. Li, K. S. Kiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bimberg, D.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, A.

P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, and L. P. Barry, "Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 629-631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Demokan, M. S.

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eng, S. T.

S. Lundqvist, T. Andersson, and S. T. Eng, "Generation of tunable single-mode picosecond pulses from an AlGaAs semiconductor laser with grating feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 715-717 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fang, X.

D. N. Wang and X. Fang, "Generation of electrically wavelength-tunable optical short pulses using a Fabry-Pérot laser diode in an external-injection seeding scheme with improved sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 123-125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fischbeck, G.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gambling, W. A.

S. Li, K. S. Kiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gorbachov, A. V.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gorbuzov, D. Z.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, "Mode-locking of lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 274-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huhse, D.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 274-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jin, W.

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 274-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kiang, K. S.

S. Li, K. S. Kiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lau, K. Y.

K. Y. Lau, "Gain-switching of semiconductor injection lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 257-259 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

S. Li, K. S. Kiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

S. Li, K. S. Kiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lundqvist, S.

S. Lundqvist, T. Andersson, and S. T. Eng, "Generation of tunable single-mode picosecond pulses from an AlGaAs semiconductor laser with grating feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 715-717 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Maguire, P. J.

P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, and L. P. Barry, "Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 629-631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 274-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schell, M.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 274-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tarasov, D. S.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vasil'ev, P. P.

P. P. Vasil'ev, "Ultrashort pulse generation in diode lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 801-824 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wang , D. N.

D. N. Wang and X. Fang, "Generation of electrically wavelength-tunable optical short pulses using a Fabry-Pérot laser diode in an external-injection seeding scheme with improved sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 123-125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. N.

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weber, A. G.

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

S. Li, K. S. Kiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, M.

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers," Appl. Phys. B 65, 274-294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Y. Lau, "Gain-switching of semiconductor injection lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 257-259 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Lundqvist, T. Andersson, and S. T. Eng, "Generation of tunable single-mode picosecond pulses from an AlGaAs semiconductor laser with grating feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 715-717 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Schell, D. Huhse, A. G. Weber, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, D. S. Tarasov, A. V. Gorbachov, and D. Z. Gorbuzov, "20 nm wavelength tunable singlemode picosecond pulse generation at 1.3 µm by self-seeded gain-switched semiconductor laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2154-2155 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, "Mode-locking of lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173-1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (4)

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Perot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Wang and X. Fang, "Generation of electrically wavelength-tunable optical short pulses using a Fabry-Pérot laser diode in an external-injection seeding scheme with improved sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 123-125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. S. Kiang, W. A. Gambling, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "Self-seeding of Fabry-Perot laser diode for generating wavelength-tunable chirp-compensated single-mode pulses with high-sidemode suppression ratio," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1441-1443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Anandarajah, P. J. Maguire, A. Clarke, and L. P. Barry, "Self-seeding of a gain-switched integrated dual-laser source for the generation of highly wavelength-tunable picosecond optical pulses," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 629-631 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. P. Vasil'ev, "Ultrashort pulse generation in diode lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 801-824 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration of the external-injection seeding system for continuous wavelength-tunable optical short pulse generation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

FP laser diode spectra. (a) Gain-switched FP1 output, (b) dc-biased FP2 output.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectrum obtained at the tunable optical filter TF1 output.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output pulse spectra for the wavelengths of (a) 1528.8, (b) 1537.8, and (c) 1545.8 nm situated at the laser modes of FP1.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output pulse spectra for the wavelengths of (a) 1529.1, (b) 1537.3, and (c) 1545.3 nm at the center of the two adjacent modes of FP1.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Waveforms of the output optical pulse trains at wavelengths of (a) 1537.8 and (b) 1537.3 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output spectra showing a continuous wavelength-tuning in a small region between 1533.3 and 1534.4 nm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measured SMSR and average output power of the optical pulses.

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