Abstract

A new, to our knowledge, neodymium-doped lanthanum calcium borate crystal (Nd3+:La2CaB10O19, Nd:LCB) has been grown by the flux method. The spectroscopic parameters for Nd:LCB crystal have also been calculated based on Judd–Ofelt theory. The intensity parameters Ωt are Ω2=4.96×10-20 cm2, Ω4=3.94×10-20 cm2, and Ω6=3.71×10-20 cm2. The radiative lifetime τr is 349 µs. The absorption band at 800 nm has a FWHM of 12 nm. The absorption cross section is σa=2.40×10-20 cm2, and the emission cross sections at 1070 nm are σX=3.02×10-19 cm2, σY=2.33×10-19 cm2, and σZ=2.68×10-19 cm2. The measured fluorescence lifetime τf is 64 µs, and the quantum efficiency η is 18.3%. In comparison with other Nd-doped laser crystals, the calculated parameters show that Nd:LCB crystal satisfies the fundamental spectral condition for laser emission.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. F. Pan, M. H. Jiang, E. Q. Liu, and X. Y. Hou, "Laser self-doubling in neodymium yttrium aluminum borate," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052-6054 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Hemmati, "Diode-pumped self-frequency-doubled neodymium yttrium aluminum borate (NYAB) laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1169-1171 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, "Continuous wave laser radiation at 669 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of YAl3(BO3)4:Nd3+," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1788-1790 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. F. Wang, Z. B. Lin, Z. S. Hu, T. P. J. Han, H. G. Gallagher, and J.-P. R. Wells, "Crystal growth and optical assessment of Nd3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 755-760 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. A. Kaminskii, D. Jaque, S. N. Bagaev, K. Ueda, J. Garcia Sole, and J. Capmany, "New nonlinear-laser properties of ferroelectric Nd3+:Ba2NaNb5O15 - cw stimulated emission (4F3/2-->4I11/2 and 4F3/2-->4I11/2), collinear and diffuse self-frequency doubling and summation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 95-97 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, "Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB)," Opt. Mater. 8, 161-173 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. C. Wu, J. G. Liu, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Y. Zhou, G. F. Wang, and C. T. Chen, "A new lanthanum and calcium borate La2CaB10O19," Chem. Mater. 13, 753-755 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. L. Wang, J. H. Lu, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, Y. C. Wu, P. Z. Fu, X. G. Guan, and C. T. Chen, "Efficient second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear La2CaB10O19 crystal," Opt. Commun. 209, 481-484 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Y. Yao, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth and characterization of Nd3+:La2CaB10O19 crystal," J. Synth. Cryst. 29, 118-121 (2000) (in Chinese).
  11. P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "NdxLa2−xCaB10O19: synthesis and characterization," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 107-110 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Guo, P. Z. Fu, F. L. Jing, F. Zheng, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth of Yb3+:La2CaB10O19," J. Chin. Ceram. Soc. 32, 245-247 (2004) (in Chinese).
  13. B. R. Judd, "Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions," Phys. Rev. 127, 750-761 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. S. Ofelt, "Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions," J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511-519 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, "Electronic energy level in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupkc, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+,Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. F. Pan, M. G. Liu, J. Xue, and B. S. Lu, "The spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency-doubling NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 2, 4525-4530 (1990).
  18. D. G. Matthew, J. R. Boon, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "A comparative study of diode pumped microchip laser materials: Nd-doped YVO4, YOS, SFAP and SVAP," J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1079-1087 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

R. Guo, P. Z. Fu, F. L. Jing, F. Zheng, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth of Yb3+:La2CaB10O19," J. Chin. Ceram. Soc. 32, 245-247 (2004) (in Chinese).

2002 (1)

G. L. Wang, J. H. Lu, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, Y. C. Wu, P. Z. Fu, X. G. Guan, and C. T. Chen, "Efficient second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear La2CaB10O19 crystal," Opt. Commun. 209, 481-484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

G. F. Wang, Z. B. Lin, Z. S. Hu, T. P. J. Han, H. G. Gallagher, and J.-P. R. Wells, "Crystal growth and optical assessment of Nd3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 755-760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Wu, J. G. Liu, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Y. Zhou, G. F. Wang, and C. T. Chen, "A new lanthanum and calcium borate La2CaB10O19," Chem. Mater. 13, 753-755 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

J. Y. Yao, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth and characterization of Nd3+:La2CaB10O19 crystal," J. Synth. Cryst. 29, 118-121 (2000) (in Chinese).

P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "NdxLa2−xCaB10O19: synthesis and characterization," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 107-110 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, "Continuous wave laser radiation at 669 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of YAl3(BO3)4:Nd3+," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1788-1790 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, D. Jaque, S. N. Bagaev, K. Ueda, J. Garcia Sole, and J. Capmany, "New nonlinear-laser properties of ferroelectric Nd3+:Ba2NaNb5O15 - cw stimulated emission (4F3/2-->4I11/2 and 4F3/2-->4I11/2), collinear and diffuse self-frequency doubling and summation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 95-97 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, "Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB)," Opt. Mater. 8, 161-173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. G. Matthew, J. R. Boon, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "A comparative study of diode pumped microchip laser materials: Nd-doped YVO4, YOS, SFAP and SVAP," J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1079-1087 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupkc, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+,Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Hemmati, "Diode-pumped self-frequency-doubled neodymium yttrium aluminum borate (NYAB) laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1169-1171 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

H. F. Pan, M. G. Liu, J. Xue, and B. S. Lu, "The spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency-doubling NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 2, 4525-4530 (1990).

1989 (1)

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. F. Pan, M. H. Jiang, E. Q. Liu, and X. Y. Hou, "Laser self-doubling in neodymium yttrium aluminum borate," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052-6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, "Electronic energy level in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, "Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions," Phys. Rev. 127, 750-761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, "Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions," J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511-519 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Aka, G.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, "Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB)," Opt. Mater. 8, 161-173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bagaev, S. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, D. Jaque, S. N. Bagaev, K. Ueda, J. Garcia Sole, and J. Capmany, "New nonlinear-laser properties of ferroelectric Nd3+:Ba2NaNb5O15 - cw stimulated emission (4F3/2-->4I11/2 and 4F3/2-->4I11/2), collinear and diffuse self-frequency doubling and summation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 95-97 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Benitez, J. M.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, "Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB)," Opt. Mater. 8, 161-173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boon, J. R.

D. G. Matthew, J. R. Boon, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "A comparative study of diode pumped microchip laser materials: Nd-doped YVO4, YOS, SFAP and SVAP," J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1079-1087 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, D. Jaque, S. N. Bagaev, K. Ueda, J. Garcia Sole, and J. Capmany, "New nonlinear-laser properties of ferroelectric Nd3+:Ba2NaNb5O15 - cw stimulated emission (4F3/2-->4I11/2 and 4F3/2-->4I11/2), collinear and diffuse self-frequency doubling and summation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 95-97 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, "Continuous wave laser radiation at 669 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of YAl3(BO3)4:Nd3+," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1788-1790 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carnall, W. T.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, "Electronic energy level in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupkc, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+,Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. T.

G. L. Wang, J. H. Lu, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, Y. C. Wu, P. Z. Fu, X. G. Guan, and C. T. Chen, "Efficient second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear La2CaB10O19 crystal," Opt. Commun. 209, 481-484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Wu, J. G. Liu, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Y. Zhou, G. F. Wang, and C. T. Chen, "A new lanthanum and calcium borate La2CaB10O19," Chem. Mater. 13, 753-755 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, R. P.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chow, Y. T.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Conroy, R. S.

D. G. Matthew, J. R. Boon, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "A comparative study of diode pumped microchip laser materials: Nd-doped YVO4, YOS, SFAP and SVAP," J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1079-1087 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cui, D. F.

G. L. Wang, J. H. Lu, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, Y. C. Wu, P. Z. Fu, X. G. Guan, and C. T. Chen, "Efficient second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear La2CaB10O19 crystal," Opt. Commun. 209, 481-484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fields, P. R.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, "Electronic energy level in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Fu, P. Z.

R. Guo, P. Z. Fu, F. L. Jing, F. Zheng, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth of Yb3+:La2CaB10O19," J. Chin. Ceram. Soc. 32, 245-247 (2004) (in Chinese).

G. L. Wang, J. H. Lu, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, Y. C. Wu, P. Z. Fu, X. G. Guan, and C. T. Chen, "Efficient second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear La2CaB10O19 crystal," Opt. Commun. 209, 481-484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Wu, J. G. Liu, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Y. Zhou, G. F. Wang, and C. T. Chen, "A new lanthanum and calcium borate La2CaB10O19," Chem. Mater. 13, 753-755 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Yao, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth and characterization of Nd3+:La2CaB10O19 crystal," J. Synth. Cryst. 29, 118-121 (2000) (in Chinese).

P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "NdxLa2−xCaB10O19: synthesis and characterization," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 107-110 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, H. G.

G. F. Wang, Z. B. Lin, Z. S. Hu, T. P. J. Han, H. G. Gallagher, and J.-P. R. Wells, "Crystal growth and optical assessment of Nd3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 755-760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Garcia Sole, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, D. Jaque, S. N. Bagaev, K. Ueda, J. Garcia Sole, and J. Capmany, "New nonlinear-laser properties of ferroelectric Nd3+:Ba2NaNb5O15 - cw stimulated emission (4F3/2-->4I11/2 and 4F3/2-->4I11/2), collinear and diffuse self-frequency doubling and summation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 95-97 (1999).
[CrossRef]

García Solé, J.

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, "Continuous wave laser radiation at 669 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of YAl3(BO3)4:Nd3+," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1788-1790 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Guan, X. G.

G. L. Wang, J. H. Lu, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, Y. C. Wu, P. Z. Fu, X. G. Guan, and C. T. Chen, "Efficient second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear La2CaB10O19 crystal," Opt. Commun. 209, 481-484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Guo, F.

J. Y. Yao, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth and characterization of Nd3+:La2CaB10O19 crystal," J. Synth. Cryst. 29, 118-121 (2000) (in Chinese).

P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "NdxLa2−xCaB10O19: synthesis and characterization," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 107-110 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H. Q.

P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "NdxLa2−xCaB10O19: synthesis and characterization," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 107-110 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Yao, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth and characterization of Nd3+:La2CaB10O19 crystal," J. Synth. Cryst. 29, 118-121 (2000) (in Chinese).

Guo, R.

R. Guo, P. Z. Fu, F. L. Jing, F. Zheng, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth of Yb3+:La2CaB10O19," J. Chin. Ceram. Soc. 32, 245-247 (2004) (in Chinese).

Han, T. P. J.

G. F. Wang, Z. B. Lin, Z. S. Hu, T. P. J. Han, H. G. Gallagher, and J.-P. R. Wells, "Crystal growth and optical assessment of Nd3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 755-760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hemmati, H.

H. Hemmati, "Diode-pumped self-frequency-doubled neodymium yttrium aluminum borate (NYAB) laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1169-1171 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hou, X. Y.

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. F. Pan, M. H. Jiang, E. Q. Liu, and X. Y. Hou, "Laser self-doubling in neodymium yttrium aluminum borate," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052-6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z. S.

G. F. Wang, Z. B. Lin, Z. S. Hu, T. P. J. Han, H. G. Gallagher, and J.-P. R. Wells, "Crystal growth and optical assessment of Nd3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 755-760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hubert, H.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, "Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB)," Opt. Mater. 8, 161-173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jaque, D.

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, "Continuous wave laser radiation at 669 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of YAl3(BO3)4:Nd3+," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1788-1790 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, D. Jaque, S. N. Bagaev, K. Ueda, J. Garcia Sole, and J. Capmany, "New nonlinear-laser properties of ferroelectric Nd3+:Ba2NaNb5O15 - cw stimulated emission (4F3/2-->4I11/2 and 4F3/2-->4I11/2), collinear and diffuse self-frequency doubling and summation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 95-97 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M. H.

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. F. Pan, M. H. Jiang, E. Q. Liu, and X. Y. Hou, "Laser self-doubling in neodymium yttrium aluminum borate," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052-6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jing, F. L.

R. Guo, P. Z. Fu, F. L. Jing, F. Zheng, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth of Yb3+:La2CaB10O19," J. Chin. Ceram. Soc. 32, 245-247 (2004) (in Chinese).

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, "Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions," Phys. Rev. 127, 750-761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Kahn-Harari, A.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, "Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB)," Opt. Mater. 8, 161-173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, D. Jaque, S. N. Bagaev, K. Ueda, J. Garcia Sole, and J. Capmany, "New nonlinear-laser properties of ferroelectric Nd3+:Ba2NaNb5O15 - cw stimulated emission (4F3/2-->4I11/2 and 4F3/2-->4I11/2), collinear and diffuse self-frequency doubling and summation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 95-97 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krupkc, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupkc, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+,Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupkc, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+,Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z. B.

G. F. Wang, Z. B. Lin, Z. S. Hu, T. P. J. Han, H. G. Gallagher, and J.-P. R. Wells, "Crystal growth and optical assessment of Nd3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 755-760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, E. Q.

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. F. Pan, M. H. Jiang, E. Q. Liu, and X. Y. Hou, "Laser self-doubling in neodymium yttrium aluminum borate," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052-6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. G.

Y. C. Wu, J. G. Liu, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Y. Zhou, G. F. Wang, and C. T. Chen, "A new lanthanum and calcium borate La2CaB10O19," Chem. Mater. 13, 753-755 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M. G.

H. F. Pan, M. G. Liu, J. Xue, and B. S. Lu, "The spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency-doubling NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 2, 4525-4530 (1990).

Lu, B. S.

H. F. Pan, M. G. Liu, J. Xue, and B. S. Lu, "The spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency-doubling NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 2, 4525-4530 (1990).

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. F. Pan, M. H. Jiang, E. Q. Liu, and X. Y. Hou, "Laser self-doubling in neodymium yttrium aluminum borate," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052-6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J. H.

G. L. Wang, J. H. Lu, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, Y. C. Wu, P. Z. Fu, X. G. Guan, and C. T. Chen, "Efficient second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear La2CaB10O19 crystal," Opt. Commun. 209, 481-484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Matthew, D. G.

D. G. Matthew, J. R. Boon, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "A comparative study of diode pumped microchip laser materials: Nd-doped YVO4, YOS, SFAP and SVAP," J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1079-1087 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X. L.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mougel, F.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, "Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB)," Opt. Mater. 8, 161-173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, "Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions," J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511-519 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Pan, H. F.

H. F. Pan, M. G. Liu, J. Xue, and B. S. Lu, "The spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency-doubling NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 2, 4525-4530 (1990).

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. F. Pan, M. H. Jiang, E. Q. Liu, and X. Y. Hou, "Laser self-doubling in neodymium yttrium aluminum borate," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052-6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupkc, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+,Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rajnak, K.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, "Electronic energy level in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Sinclair, B. D.

D. G. Matthew, J. R. Boon, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "A comparative study of diode pumped microchip laser materials: Nd-doped YVO4, YOS, SFAP and SVAP," J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1079-1087 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupkc, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+,Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L. K.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

A. A. Kaminskii, D. Jaque, S. N. Bagaev, K. Ueda, J. Garcia Sole, and J. Capmany, "New nonlinear-laser properties of ferroelectric Nd3+:Ba2NaNb5O15 - cw stimulated emission (4F3/2-->4I11/2 and 4F3/2-->4I11/2), collinear and diffuse self-frequency doubling and summation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 95-97 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, "Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB)," Opt. Mater. 8, 161-173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. Q.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. F.

G. F. Wang, Z. B. Lin, Z. S. Hu, T. P. J. Han, H. G. Gallagher, and J.-P. R. Wells, "Crystal growth and optical assessment of Nd3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 755-760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Wu, J. G. Liu, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Y. Zhou, G. F. Wang, and C. T. Chen, "A new lanthanum and calcium borate La2CaB10O19," Chem. Mater. 13, 753-755 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. L.

G. L. Wang, J. H. Lu, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, Y. C. Wu, P. Z. Fu, X. G. Guan, and C. T. Chen, "Efficient second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear La2CaB10O19 crystal," Opt. Commun. 209, 481-484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. F. Pan, M. H. Jiang, E. Q. Liu, and X. Y. Hou, "Laser self-doubling in neodymium yttrium aluminum borate," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052-6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. X.

Y. C. Wu, J. G. Liu, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Y. Zhou, G. F. Wang, and C. T. Chen, "A new lanthanum and calcium borate La2CaB10O19," Chem. Mater. 13, 753-755 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Yao, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth and characterization of Nd3+:La2CaB10O19 crystal," J. Synth. Cryst. 29, 118-121 (2000) (in Chinese).

P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "NdxLa2−xCaB10O19: synthesis and characterization," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 107-110 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wells, J.-P. R.

G. F. Wang, Z. B. Lin, Z. S. Hu, T. P. J. Han, H. G. Gallagher, and J.-P. R. Wells, "Crystal growth and optical assessment of Nd3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 755-760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. S.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y. C.

R. Guo, P. Z. Fu, F. L. Jing, F. Zheng, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth of Yb3+:La2CaB10O19," J. Chin. Ceram. Soc. 32, 245-247 (2004) (in Chinese).

G. L. Wang, J. H. Lu, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, Y. C. Wu, P. Z. Fu, X. G. Guan, and C. T. Chen, "Efficient second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear La2CaB10O19 crystal," Opt. Commun. 209, 481-484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Wu, J. G. Liu, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Y. Zhou, G. F. Wang, and C. T. Chen, "A new lanthanum and calcium borate La2CaB10O19," Chem. Mater. 13, 753-755 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Yao, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth and characterization of Nd3+:La2CaB10O19 crystal," J. Synth. Cryst. 29, 118-121 (2000) (in Chinese).

P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "NdxLa2−xCaB10O19: synthesis and characterization," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 107-110 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. Y.

G. L. Wang, J. H. Lu, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, Y. C. Wu, P. Z. Fu, X. G. Guan, and C. T. Chen, "Efficient second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear La2CaB10O19 crystal," Opt. Commun. 209, 481-484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Yao, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth and characterization of Nd3+:La2CaB10O19 crystal," J. Synth. Cryst. 29, 118-121 (2000) (in Chinese).

P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "NdxLa2−xCaB10O19: synthesis and characterization," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 107-110 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xue, J.

H. F. Pan, M. G. Liu, J. Xue, and B. S. Lu, "The spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency-doubling NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 2, 4525-4530 (1990).

Yao, J. Y.

J. Y. Yao, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth and characterization of Nd3+:La2CaB10O19 crystal," J. Synth. Cryst. 29, 118-121 (2000) (in Chinese).

Yu, W. T.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. L.

J. Y. Yao, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth and characterization of Nd3+:La2CaB10O19 crystal," J. Synth. Cryst. 29, 118-121 (2000) (in Chinese).

P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "NdxLa2−xCaB10O19: synthesis and characterization," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 107-110 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. J.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. L.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, F.

R. Guo, P. Z. Fu, F. L. Jing, F. Zheng, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth of Yb3+:La2CaB10O19," J. Chin. Ceram. Soc. 32, 245-247 (2004) (in Chinese).

Zhou, H. Y.

Y. C. Wu, J. G. Liu, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Y. Zhou, G. F. Wang, and C. T. Chen, "A new lanthanum and calcium borate La2CaB10O19," Chem. Mater. 13, 753-755 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Jaque, J. Capmany, and J. García Solé, "Continuous wave laser radiation at 669 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of YAl3(BO3)4:Nd3+," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1788-1790 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

Y. C. Wu, J. G. Liu, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Y. Zhou, G. F. Wang, and C. T. Chen, "A new lanthanum and calcium borate La2CaB10O19," Chem. Mater. 13, 753-755 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

A. A. Kaminskii, D. Jaque, S. N. Bagaev, K. Ueda, J. Garcia Sole, and J. Capmany, "New nonlinear-laser properties of ferroelectric Nd3+:Ba2NaNb5O15 - cw stimulated emission (4F3/2-->4I11/2 and 4F3/2-->4I11/2), collinear and diffuse self-frequency doubling and summation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 95-97 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Hemmati, "Diode-pumped self-frequency-doubled neodymium yttrium aluminum borate (NYAB) laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1169-1171 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupkc, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+,Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. F. Pan, M. H. Jiang, E. Q. Liu, and X. Y. Hou, "Laser self-doubling in neodymium yttrium aluminum borate," J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052-6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

G. S. Ofelt, "Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions," J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511-519 (1962).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, "Electronic energy level in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Chin. Ceram. Soc. (1)

R. Guo, P. Z. Fu, F. L. Jing, F. Zheng, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth of Yb3+:La2CaB10O19," J. Chin. Ceram. Soc. 32, 245-247 (2004) (in Chinese).

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

G. F. Wang, Z. B. Lin, Z. S. Hu, T. P. J. Han, H. G. Gallagher, and J.-P. R. Wells, "Crystal growth and optical assessment of Nd3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 755-760 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

D. G. Matthew, J. R. Boon, R. S. Conroy, and B. D. Sinclair, "A comparative study of diode pumped microchip laser materials: Nd-doped YVO4, YOS, SFAP and SVAP," J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1079-1087 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

H. F. Pan, M. G. Liu, J. Xue, and B. S. Lu, "The spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency-doubling NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 2, 4525-4530 (1990).

J. Synth. Cryst. (1)

J. Y. Yao, P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "Growth and characterization of Nd3+:La2CaB10O19 crystal," J. Synth. Cryst. 29, 118-121 (2000) (in Chinese).

Opt. Commun. (2)

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, R. P. Cheng, W. T. Yu, S. J. Zhang, L. K. Sun, Y. T. Chow, W. L. Zhang, H. Wang, and K. S. Wong, "Growth and laser properties of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," Opt. Commun. 160, 273-276 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Wang, J. H. Lu, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, Y. C. Wu, P. Z. Fu, X. G. Guan, and C. T. Chen, "Efficient second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear La2CaB10O19 crystal," Opt. Commun. 209, 481-484 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, "Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB)," Opt. Mater. 8, 161-173 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

B. R. Judd, "Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions," Phys. Rev. 127, 750-761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. (1)

P. Z. Fu, J. X. Wang, H. Q. Guo, H. L. Zhang, Z. Y. Xu, F. Guo, and Y. C. Wu, "NdxLa2−xCaB10O19: synthesis and characterization," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 107-110 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum of Nd3+:LCB crystal at 300 K.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Polarized emission cross sections at 300 K for the three emission bands.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Decay curve of fluorescence lifetime in Nd:LCB crystal at 1.07 µm; the fluorescence lifetime fitted is 64 µs.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Absorption Line Strength for Nd:LCB Crystal at Room Temperature

Tables Icon

Table 2 Spectrum Parameters of the  4F3/24IJ Transition for a Nd:LCB Crystal

Tables Icon

Table 3 Optical and Spectroscopic Properties of the Nd-doped Laser Crystals

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

S(JJ)=t=2,4,6Ωt|ΦJU(t)ΦJ|2,
S(JJ)=3ch8π3e2 (2J+1)Nc 9n(n2+2)2×2.3λ¯L JJOD(λ)dλ,
A(JJ)=64π4e23h(2J+1)λ¯3 n(n2+2)29×t=2,4,6Ωt|ΦJU(t)ΦJ|2.
βc=A(JJ)JA(JJ).

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