Abstract

Using the separated-beam method, we have measured the full second-order nonlinear optical tensors of the crystals GdCa4O(BO3)3 and YCa4O(BO3)3. Our d tensors (d=χ(2)/2) differ from those of previous reports but give nearly the same values of deff for type-I doubling of 1064-nm light. However, for other wavelengths or for type-II doubling, our tensors give values for deff distinctly different from the alternative tensors.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Umemura, H. Nakao, H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, and K. Kato, "90° phase-matching properties of YCa4O(BO3)3 and GdxY1−xCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 596-600 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. D. A. Roberts, "Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057-2074 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. V. Pack, D. J. Armstrong, and A. V. Smith, "Measurement of the chi(2) tensors of KTiOPO4,KTiOAsO4,RbTiOPO4, and RbTiOAsO4 crystals," Appl. Opt. 43, 3319-3323 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

2003 (3)

M. V. Pack, D. J. Armstrong, and A. V. Smith, "Measurement of the chi(2) tensor of the potassium niobate crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2109-2116 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Umemura, M. Ando, K. Suzuki, E. Takaoka, K. Kato, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Temperature-insensitive second-harmonic generation at 0.5321 µm in YCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5040-5042 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Armstrong, M. V. Pack, and A. V. Smith, "Instrument and method for measuring second-order nonlinear optical tensors," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3250-3257 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

D. Klimm, S. Ganschow, R. Bertram, J. Doeschel, V. Bermudez, and A. Klos, "Phase separation during the melting of oxide borates LnCa4O(BO3)3(Ln=Y,Gd)," Mater. Res. Bull. 37, 1737-1747 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

N. Umemura, H. Nakao, H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, and K. Kato, "90° phase-matching properties of YCa4O(BO3)3 and GdxY1−xCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 596-600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, C. A. Ebbers, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, "Nonlinear optical properties of LaCa4O(BO3)3," Opt. Lett. 26, 217-219 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Song, H. Jiang, S. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, H. Chen, and Z. Shao, "Anisotropy of nonlinear-optical property of RCOB (R= Gd,Y) crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 385-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

C. Chen, Z. Shao, J. Jiang, J. Wei, J. Lin, J. Wang, N. Ye, J. Lv, B. Wu, M. Jiang, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 566-571 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Z. Shao, J. Lu, Z. Wang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, "Anisotropic properties of Nd:ReCOB (Re=Y,Gd): a low symmetry self-frequency doubling crystal," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 63-73 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. X. Li, M. Guo, H. D. Jiang, X. B. Hu, Z. S. Shao, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, H. R. Xia, Y. G. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, "Growth and spectra of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals," Cryst. Res. Technol. 35, 1361-1371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Aka, F. Mougel, D. Pelenc, B. Ferrand, and D. Vivien, "Comparative evaluation of GdCOB and YCOB nonlinear optical properties in principal and out of principal plane configurations for the 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser frequency conversion," in Nonlinear Materials, Devices, and Applications, J. W. Pierce, ed., Proc. SPIE 3928, 108-114 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. Chen, N. Ye, J. Lin, J. Jiang, W. Zeng, and B. Wu, "Computer-assisted search for nonlinear optical crystals," Adv. Mater. 11, 1071-1078 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (2)

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, F. Mougel, D. Vivien, F. Salin, P. Coquelin, P. Colin, D. Pelenc, and J. P. Damelet, "Linear- and nonlinear-optical properties of a new gadolinium calcium oxoborate crystal, Ca4GdO(BO3)3," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2238-2247 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Crystal growth and optical characterization of rare-earth (Re) calcium oxyborate ReCa4O(BO3)3(Re=Y or Gd) as new nonlinear optical material," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L276-L279 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

D. A. Roberts, "Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057-2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Adams, J. J.

Aka, G.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, J.-P. Feve, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of the monoclinic Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 765-769 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Aka, F. Mougel, D. Pelenc, B. Ferrand, and D. Vivien, "Comparative evaluation of GdCOB and YCOB nonlinear optical properties in principal and out of principal plane configurations for the 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser frequency conversion," in Nonlinear Materials, Devices, and Applications, J. W. Pierce, ed., Proc. SPIE 3928, 108-114 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, F. Mougel, D. Vivien, F. Salin, P. Coquelin, P. Colin, D. Pelenc, and J. P. Damelet, "Linear- and nonlinear-optical properties of a new gadolinium calcium oxoborate crystal, Ca4GdO(BO3)3," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2238-2247 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ando, M.

N. Umemura, M. Ando, K. Suzuki, E. Takaoka, K. Kato, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Temperature-insensitive second-harmonic generation at 0.5321 µm in YCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5040-5042 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, D. J.

Bermudez, V.

D. Klimm, S. Ganschow, R. Bertram, J. Doeschel, V. Bermudez, and A. Klos, "Phase separation during the melting of oxide borates LnCa4O(BO3)3(Ln=Y,Gd)," Mater. Res. Bull. 37, 1737-1747 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bertram, R.

D. Klimm, S. Ganschow, R. Bertram, J. Doeschel, V. Bermudez, and A. Klos, "Phase separation during the melting of oxide borates LnCa4O(BO3)3(Ln=Y,Gd)," Mater. Res. Bull. 37, 1737-1747 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boulanger, B.

Boyd , G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Chen, H.

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Song, H. Jiang, S. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, H. Chen, and Z. Shao, "Anisotropy of nonlinear-optical property of RCOB (R= Gd,Y) crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 385-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Colin, P.

Coquelin, P.

Damelet, J. P.

Doeschel, J.

D. Klimm, S. Ganschow, R. Bertram, J. Doeschel, V. Bermudez, and A. Klos, "Phase separation during the melting of oxide borates LnCa4O(BO3)3(Ln=Y,Gd)," Mater. Res. Bull. 37, 1737-1747 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ebbers, C. A.

Ferrand, B.

G. Aka, F. Mougel, D. Pelenc, B. Ferrand, and D. Vivien, "Comparative evaluation of GdCOB and YCOB nonlinear optical properties in principal and out of principal plane configurations for the 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser frequency conversion," in Nonlinear Materials, Devices, and Applications, J. W. Pierce, ed., Proc. SPIE 3928, 108-114 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Feve, J.-P.

Fu, K.

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Song, H. Jiang, S. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, H. Chen, and Z. Shao, "Anisotropy of nonlinear-optical property of RCOB (R= Gd,Y) crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 385-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Furuya, H.

N. Umemura, H. Nakao, H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, and K. Kato, "90° phase-matching properties of YCa4O(BO3)3 and GdxY1−xCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 596-600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Crystal growth and optical characterization of rare-earth (Re) calcium oxyborate ReCa4O(BO3)3(Re=Y or Gd) as new nonlinear optical material," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L276-L279 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ganschow, S.

D. Klimm, S. Ganschow, R. Bertram, J. Doeschel, V. Bermudez, and A. Klos, "Phase separation during the melting of oxide borates LnCa4O(BO3)3(Ln=Y,Gd)," Mater. Res. Bull. 37, 1737-1747 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gehr , R. J.

Guo, M.

L. X. Li, M. Guo, H. D. Jiang, X. B. Hu, Z. S. Shao, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, H. R. Xia, Y. G. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, "Growth and spectra of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals," Cryst. Res. Technol. 35, 1361-1371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X. B.

L. X. Li, M. Guo, H. D. Jiang, X. B. Hu, Z. S. Shao, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, H. R. Xia, Y. G. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, "Growth and spectra of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals," Cryst. Res. Technol. 35, 1361-1371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Iwai, M.

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Crystal growth and optical characterization of rare-earth (Re) calcium oxyborate ReCa4O(BO3)3(Re=Y or Gd) as new nonlinear optical material," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L276-L279 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Song, H. Jiang, S. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, H. Chen, and Z. Shao, "Anisotropy of nonlinear-optical property of RCOB (R= Gd,Y) crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 385-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H. D.

L. X. Li, M. Guo, H. D. Jiang, X. B. Hu, Z. S. Shao, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, H. R. Xia, Y. G. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, "Growth and spectra of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals," Cryst. Res. Technol. 35, 1361-1371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J.

Jiang, M.

C. Chen, Z. Shao, J. Jiang, J. Wei, J. Lin, J. Wang, N. Ye, J. Lv, B. Wu, M. Jiang, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 566-571 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Z. Shao, J. Lu, Z. Wang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, "Anisotropic properties of Nd:ReCOB (Re=Y,Gd): a low symmetry self-frequency doubling crystal," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 63-73 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M. H.

L. X. Li, M. Guo, H. D. Jiang, X. B. Hu, Z. S. Shao, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, H. R. Xia, Y. G. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, "Growth and spectra of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals," Cryst. Res. Technol. 35, 1361-1371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kahn-Harari, A.

Kato, K.

N. Umemura, M. Ando, K. Suzuki, E. Takaoka, K. Kato, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Temperature-insensitive second-harmonic generation at 0.5321 µm in YCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5040-5042 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Umemura, H. Nakao, H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, and K. Kato, "90° phase-matching properties of YCa4O(BO3)3 and GdxY1−xCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 596-600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Klimm, D.

D. Klimm, S. Ganschow, R. Bertram, J. Doeschel, V. Bermudez, and A. Klos, "Phase separation during the melting of oxide borates LnCa4O(BO3)3(Ln=Y,Gd)," Mater. Res. Bull. 37, 1737-1747 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Klos, A.

D. Klimm, S. Ganschow, R. Bertram, J. Doeschel, V. Bermudez, and A. Klos, "Phase separation during the melting of oxide borates LnCa4O(BO3)3(Ln=Y,Gd)," Mater. Res. Bull. 37, 1737-1747 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Crystal growth and optical characterization of rare-earth (Re) calcium oxyborate ReCa4O(BO3)3(Re=Y or Gd) as new nonlinear optical material," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L276-L279 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, L. X.

L. X. Li, M. Guo, H. D. Jiang, X. B. Hu, Z. S. Shao, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, H. R. Xia, Y. G. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, "Growth and spectra of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals," Cryst. Res. Technol. 35, 1361-1371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

Liu, J.

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Song, H. Jiang, S. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, H. Chen, and Z. Shao, "Anisotropy of nonlinear-optical property of RCOB (R= Gd,Y) crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 385-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Song, H. Jiang, S. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, H. Chen, and Z. Shao, "Anisotropy of nonlinear-optical property of RCOB (R= Gd,Y) crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 385-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. G.

L. X. Li, M. Guo, H. D. Jiang, X. B. Hu, Z. S. Shao, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, H. R. Xia, Y. G. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, "Growth and spectra of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals," Cryst. Res. Technol. 35, 1361-1371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.

Z. Shao, J. Lu, Z. Wang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, "Anisotropic properties of Nd:ReCOB (Re=Y,Gd): a low symmetry self-frequency doubling crystal," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 63-73 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lv, J.

Menaert, B.

Mori, Y.

N. Umemura, M. Ando, K. Suzuki, E. Takaoka, K. Kato, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Temperature-insensitive second-harmonic generation at 0.5321 µm in YCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5040-5042 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Umemura, H. Nakao, H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, and K. Kato, "90° phase-matching properties of YCa4O(BO3)3 and GdxY1−xCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 596-600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Z. Shao, J. Jiang, J. Wei, J. Lin, J. Wang, N. Ye, J. Lv, B. Wu, M. Jiang, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 566-571 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Crystal growth and optical characterization of rare-earth (Re) calcium oxyborate ReCa4O(BO3)3(Re=Y or Gd) as new nonlinear optical material," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L276-L279 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mougel, F.

G. Aka, F. Mougel, D. Pelenc, B. Ferrand, and D. Vivien, "Comparative evaluation of GdCOB and YCOB nonlinear optical properties in principal and out of principal plane configurations for the 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser frequency conversion," in Nonlinear Materials, Devices, and Applications, J. W. Pierce, ed., Proc. SPIE 3928, 108-114 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, F. Mougel, D. Vivien, F. Salin, P. Coquelin, P. Colin, D. Pelenc, and J. P. Damelet, "Linear- and nonlinear-optical properties of a new gadolinium calcium oxoborate crystal, Ca4GdO(BO3)3," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2238-2247 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakao, H.

N. Umemura, H. Nakao, H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, and K. Kato, "90° phase-matching properties of YCa4O(BO3)3 and GdxY1−xCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 596-600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pack, M. V.

Payne, S. A.

Pelenc, D.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, J.-P. Feve, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of the monoclinic Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 765-769 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Aka, F. Mougel, D. Pelenc, B. Ferrand, and D. Vivien, "Comparative evaluation of GdCOB and YCOB nonlinear optical properties in principal and out of principal plane configurations for the 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser frequency conversion," in Nonlinear Materials, Devices, and Applications, J. W. Pierce, ed., Proc. SPIE 3928, 108-114 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, F. Mougel, D. Vivien, F. Salin, P. Coquelin, P. Colin, D. Pelenc, and J. P. Damelet, "Linear- and nonlinear-optical properties of a new gadolinium calcium oxoborate crystal, Ca4GdO(BO3)3," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2238-2247 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, D. A.

D. A. Roberts, "Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057-2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

Sasaki, T.

N. Umemura, M. Ando, K. Suzuki, E. Takaoka, K. Kato, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Temperature-insensitive second-harmonic generation at 0.5321 µm in YCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5040-5042 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Umemura, H. Nakao, H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, and K. Kato, "90° phase-matching properties of YCa4O(BO3)3 and GdxY1−xCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 596-600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Z. Shao, J. Jiang, J. Wei, J. Lin, J. Wang, N. Ye, J. Lv, B. Wu, M. Jiang, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 566-571 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Crystal growth and optical characterization of rare-earth (Re) calcium oxyborate ReCa4O(BO3)3(Re=Y or Gd) as new nonlinear optical material," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L276-L279 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Segonds, P.

Shao, Z.

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Song, H. Jiang, S. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, H. Chen, and Z. Shao, "Anisotropy of nonlinear-optical property of RCOB (R= Gd,Y) crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 385-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Z. Shao, J. Jiang, J. Wei, J. Lin, J. Wang, N. Ye, J. Lv, B. Wu, M. Jiang, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 566-571 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Z. Shao, J. Lu, Z. Wang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, "Anisotropic properties of Nd:ReCOB (Re=Y,Gd): a low symmetry self-frequency doubling crystal," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 63-73 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z. S.

L. X. Li, M. Guo, H. D. Jiang, X. B. Hu, Z. S. Shao, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, H. R. Xia, Y. G. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, "Growth and spectra of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals," Cryst. Res. Technol. 35, 1361-1371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. V.

Song, R.

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Song, H. Jiang, S. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, H. Chen, and Z. Shao, "Anisotropy of nonlinear-optical property of RCOB (R= Gd,Y) crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 385-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, K.

N. Umemura, M. Ando, K. Suzuki, E. Takaoka, K. Kato, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Temperature-insensitive second-harmonic generation at 0.5321 µm in YCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5040-5042 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takaoka, E.

N. Umemura, M. Ando, K. Suzuki, E. Takaoka, K. Kato, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Temperature-insensitive second-harmonic generation at 0.5321 µm in YCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5040-5042 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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N. Umemura, M. Ando, K. Suzuki, E. Takaoka, K. Kato, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Temperature-insensitive second-harmonic generation at 0.5321 µm in YCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5040-5042 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Umemura, H. Nakao, H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, and K. Kato, "90° phase-matching properties of YCa4O(BO3)3 and GdxY1−xCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 596-600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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G. Aka, F. Mougel, D. Pelenc, B. Ferrand, and D. Vivien, "Comparative evaluation of GdCOB and YCOB nonlinear optical properties in principal and out of principal plane configurations for the 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser frequency conversion," in Nonlinear Materials, Devices, and Applications, J. W. Pierce, ed., Proc. SPIE 3928, 108-114 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Song, H. Jiang, S. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, H. Chen, and Z. Shao, "Anisotropy of nonlinear-optical property of RCOB (R= Gd,Y) crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 385-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Song, H. Jiang, S. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, H. Chen, and Z. Shao, "Anisotropy of nonlinear-optical property of RCOB (R= Gd,Y) crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 385-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Shao, J. Lu, Z. Wang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, "Anisotropic properties of Nd:ReCOB (Re=Y,Gd): a low symmetry self-frequency doubling crystal," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 63-73 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Z. Shao, J. Jiang, J. Wei, J. Lin, J. Wang, N. Ye, J. Lv, B. Wu, M. Jiang, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 566-571 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

L. X. Li, M. Guo, H. D. Jiang, X. B. Hu, Z. S. Shao, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, H. R. Xia, Y. G. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, "Growth and spectra of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals," Cryst. Res. Technol. 35, 1361-1371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Song, H. Jiang, S. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, H. Chen, and Z. Shao, "Anisotropy of nonlinear-optical property of RCOB (R= Gd,Y) crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 385-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Shao, J. Lu, Z. Wang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, "Anisotropic properties of Nd:ReCOB (Re=Y,Gd): a low symmetry self-frequency doubling crystal," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 63-73 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wei, J.

Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Song, H. Jiang, S. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, H. Chen, and Z. Shao, "Anisotropy of nonlinear-optical property of RCOB (R= Gd,Y) crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 385-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Z. Shao, J. Jiang, J. Wei, J. Lin, J. Wang, N. Ye, J. Lv, B. Wu, M. Jiang, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 566-571 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wei, J. Q.

L. X. Li, M. Guo, H. D. Jiang, X. B. Hu, Z. S. Shao, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, H. R. Xia, Y. G. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, "Growth and spectra of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals," Cryst. Res. Technol. 35, 1361-1371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

Xia, H. R.

L. X. Li, M. Guo, H. D. Jiang, X. B. Hu, Z. S. Shao, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, H. R. Xia, Y. G. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, "Growth and spectra of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals," Cryst. Res. Technol. 35, 1361-1371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ye, N.

Yoshida, K.

N. Umemura, H. Nakao, H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, and K. Kato, "90° phase-matching properties of YCa4O(BO3)3 and GdxY1−xCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 596-600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, M.

N. Umemura, M. Ando, K. Suzuki, E. Takaoka, K. Kato, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Temperature-insensitive second-harmonic generation at 0.5321 µm in YCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5040-5042 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Umemura, H. Nakao, H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, and K. Kato, "90° phase-matching properties of YCa4O(BO3)3 and GdxY1−xCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 596-600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Z. Shao, J. Jiang, J. Wei, J. Lin, J. Wang, N. Ye, J. Lv, B. Wu, M. Jiang, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Determination of the nonlinear optical coefficients of YCa4O(BO3)3 crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 566-571 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Z. Wang, J. Liu, R. Song, H. Jiang, S. Zhang, K. Fu, C. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Wei, H. Chen, and Z. Shao, "Anisotropy of nonlinear-optical property of RCOB (R= Gd,Y) crystal," Chin. Phys. Lett. 18, 385-387 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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L. X. Li, M. Guo, H. D. Jiang, X. B. Hu, Z. S. Shao, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, H. R. Xia, Y. G. Liu, and M. H. Jiang, "Growth and spectra of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals," Cryst. Res. Technol. 35, 1361-1371 (2000).
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N. Umemura, H. Nakao, H. Furuya, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, and K. Kato, "90° phase-matching properties of YCa4O(BO3)3 and GdxY1−xCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 596-600 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Crystal growth and optical characterization of rare-earth (Re) calcium oxyborate ReCa4O(BO3)3(Re=Y or Gd) as new nonlinear optical material," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L276-L279 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Umemura, M. Ando, K. Suzuki, E. Takaoka, K. Kato, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, "Temperature-insensitive second-harmonic generation at 0.5321 µm in YCa4O(BO3)3," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5040-5042 (2003).
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Proc. SPIE (1)

G. Aka, F. Mougel, D. Pelenc, B. Ferrand, and D. Vivien, "Comparative evaluation of GdCOB and YCOB nonlinear optical properties in principal and out of principal plane configurations for the 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser frequency conversion," in Nonlinear Materials, Devices, and Applications, J. W. Pierce, ed., Proc. SPIE 3928, 108-114 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. (1)

Z. Shao, J. Lu, Z. Wang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, "Anisotropic properties of Nd:ReCOB (Re=Y,Gd): a low symmetry self-frequency doubling crystal," Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 40, 63-73 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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D. J. Armstrong, M. V. Pack, and A. V. Smith, "Instrument and method for measuring second-order nonlinear optical tensors," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3250-3257 (2003).
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Other (1)

F. Mougel, G. Aka, F. Salin, D. Pelenc, B. Ferrand, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, "Accurate second harmonic generation phase matching angles prediction and evaluation ofnonlinear coefficients of Ca4YO(BO3 )3 (YCOB) crystal," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers , M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 709-714.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of relation between the crystallographic axis system a, b, c and the optical principal axis system x, y, z. The dashed curve shows the loci of phase-matching angles for type-I doubling of 1064-nm light in YCOB. For clarity only the x>0 hemisphere of propagation directions is shown. The mirror image of the dashed curve in the yz plane forms the set of phase-matching directions in the x<0 hemisphere.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Form of the d tensor for YCOB and GCOB. The solid lines connect elements that are measured with various crystal cuts, as labeled. The dashed lines connect elements that are equal under Kleinman symmetry.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse energy of x-polarized second-harmonic free wave versus polarization angle of the fundamental for the y-cut GCOB sample. The quarter-wave plate is removed so that the fundamental light is polarized linearly at the crystal. The polarization angle ψ is measured from the positive x axis toward the positive z axis.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse energy of x-polarized second-harmonic free wave versus polarization angle of the fundamental light incident on the quarter-wave plate for the y-cut GCOB sample.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated values of deff for type-I frequency doubling of 1064-nm light in GCOB. The solid curve is calculated with our d tensor, and the dashed curve is 0.73×deff computed with Wang’s d tensor.10 Note that we reversed the sign of dzyy in Wang’s tensor, as discussed in the text. The symbols indicate the measured values of Adams et al.8 and the adjusted values of Wang et al.10

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calculated values of deff for type-I frequency doubling of 1064-nm light in YCOB. The solid curve is calculated with use of our d tensor, and the dashed curve is 0.73×deff computed with Wang’s d tensor.10 The symbols indicate the measured values of Adams et al.8 and the adjusted values from Wang et al.10 and Chen et al.11

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Calculated values of deff for type-II frequency doubling of 1320-nm light in YCOB. The solid curve is calculated with our d tensor, and the dashed curve is 0.73×deff calculated from Wang’s tensor.10

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured Refractive Indices of YCOB and GCOB

Tables Icon

Table 2 Measured Values of dijk Terms for Frequency-Doubling 1064-nm Lighta

Tables Icon

Table 3 Comparison of Measured dijk Terms for Frequency-Doubling 1064-nm Light in GCOBa

Tables Icon

Table 4 Comparison of Measured dijk Terms for Frequency-Doubling 1064-nm Light in YCOBa

Equations (14)

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Fx=CU12|dxxxNxxx cos2(ψ)+dxzzNxzz sin2(ψ)+dxxzNxxz sin(2ψ)|2,
Fz=CU12|dzxxNzxx cos2(ψ)+dzzzNzzz sin2(ψ)+dzxzNzxz sin(2ψ)|2.
Fz=CU12|dzxyNzxy cos2(ψ)|2,
Fx=|A cos2(ψ+)+B sin2(ψ+)+C sin(2ψ+2)|2.
Fx=|A cos2(ψ+)-B sin2(ψ+)|2+|C sin(2ψ+2)|2,
Fx=|AE12(ψ)+BE22(ψ)+2CE1(ψ)E2(ψ)|2,
E1(ψ)=cos(γ)cos(ψ+)-i exp(iδ)sin(γ)sin(ψ+),
E2(ψ)=sin(γ)cos(ψ+)+i exp(iδ)cos(γ)sin(ψ+).
Fy=CU12|dyyzNyyz sin(2ψ)|2,
Fz=CU12|dzzzNzzz sin2(ψ)+dzyyNzyy cos2(ψ)|2.
Fx=CU12|dxxxNxxx cos2(ψ)+dxyyNxyy sin2(ψ)|2
Fy=CU12|dyyxNyyx sin(2ψ)|2.
deff=dxyy cos(θ+ρ)cos ϕ-dzyy sin(θ+ρ),
deff=dxzz sin(ϕ+ρ),

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