Abstract

We have studied the mutual action of the optical activity and the electro-optic effect and its influence on the electro-optic Q switch. The birefringence (g33/no)(Δ/no)2 resulting from the mutual action is calculated. In the polarization-light interferometric experiment setup, the outgoing light intensity expression is given by I=A02 cos2{[(π/λ)(g33/no)l-β]+(π/λ)[(-2Δ)+(g33/no)(Δ/no)2]l} for the optically active crystal on which the voltage is applied. The influence on the electro-optic Q switch caused by the mutual action is discussed. Based on these discussion, we have designed a type of electro-optic Q switch by using the optically active crystal La3Ga5SiO14. This Q switch can behave as normally as those that are not optically active.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. G. Driscoll and W. Vaughan, Handbook of Optics (Kingsport, New York, 1978), Sec. 10, p. 146.
  2. A. A. Kaminskii, B. V. Mill, G. G. Khodzhabagyan, A. F. Konstantinova, A. I. Okorochkov, and I. M. Silvestrova, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 1. Growth and optical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 387-398 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. A. Kaminskii, I. M. Silvestrova, S. E. Sarkisov, and G. A. Denisenko, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 2. Spectral laser and electromechanical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 607-620 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  4. X. Yin, W. Jiyang, and Z. Shaojun, "La3Ga5SiO14 single-crystal Q switch used as an electro-optic device," Appl. Opt. 42, 7188-7190 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Gang and L. Liji, Crystal Physics Basics (Science Press, Beijing, China, 1992), p. 474 (in Chinese).
  6. X. Yin, W. Jiyang, Z. Huaijin, Z. Shaojun, H. Rongjiang, and C. Tingxiou, "Electrooptic properties and electrooptic Q switcher of La3Ga5SiO14 single-crystal," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 7419-7421 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Stade, L. Bohaty, M. Hengst, and R. B. Heimann, "Electro-optic, piezoelectric, and dielectric properties of langasite (La3Ga5SiO14), langanite (La3Ga5.5Nb0.5O14), and langataite (La3Ga5.5Ta0.5O14)," Cryst. Res. Technol. 37, 1113 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Guoguang and Z. Yuanling, Optics (People Education Press, Beijing, China, 1979), p. 199 (in Chinese).

2003

2002

X. Yin, W. Jiyang, Z. Huaijin, Z. Shaojun, H. Rongjiang, and C. Tingxiou, "Electrooptic properties and electrooptic Q switcher of La3Ga5SiO14 single-crystal," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 7419-7421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Stade, L. Bohaty, M. Hengst, and R. B. Heimann, "Electro-optic, piezoelectric, and dielectric properties of langasite (La3Ga5SiO14), langanite (La3Ga5.5Nb0.5O14), and langataite (La3Ga5.5Ta0.5O14)," Cryst. Res. Technol. 37, 1113 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1983

A. A. Kaminskii, B. V. Mill, G. G. Khodzhabagyan, A. F. Konstantinova, A. I. Okorochkov, and I. M. Silvestrova, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 1. Growth and optical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 387-398 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, I. M. Silvestrova, S. E. Sarkisov, and G. A. Denisenko, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 2. Spectral laser and electromechanical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 607-620 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Bohaty, L.

J. Stade, L. Bohaty, M. Hengst, and R. B. Heimann, "Electro-optic, piezoelectric, and dielectric properties of langasite (La3Ga5SiO14), langanite (La3Ga5.5Nb0.5O14), and langataite (La3Ga5.5Ta0.5O14)," Cryst. Res. Technol. 37, 1113 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Denisenko, G. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, I. M. Silvestrova, S. E. Sarkisov, and G. A. Denisenko, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 2. Spectral laser and electromechanical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 607-620 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Heimann, R. B.

J. Stade, L. Bohaty, M. Hengst, and R. B. Heimann, "Electro-optic, piezoelectric, and dielectric properties of langasite (La3Ga5SiO14), langanite (La3Ga5.5Nb0.5O14), and langataite (La3Ga5.5Ta0.5O14)," Cryst. Res. Technol. 37, 1113 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hengst, M.

J. Stade, L. Bohaty, M. Hengst, and R. B. Heimann, "Electro-optic, piezoelectric, and dielectric properties of langasite (La3Ga5SiO14), langanite (La3Ga5.5Nb0.5O14), and langataite (La3Ga5.5Ta0.5O14)," Cryst. Res. Technol. 37, 1113 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huaijin, Z.

X. Yin, W. Jiyang, Z. Huaijin, Z. Shaojun, H. Rongjiang, and C. Tingxiou, "Electrooptic properties and electrooptic Q switcher of La3Ga5SiO14 single-crystal," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 7419-7421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jiyang, W.

X. Yin, W. Jiyang, and Z. Shaojun, "La3Ga5SiO14 single-crystal Q switch used as an electro-optic device," Appl. Opt. 42, 7188-7190 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Yin, W. Jiyang, Z. Huaijin, Z. Shaojun, H. Rongjiang, and C. Tingxiou, "Electrooptic properties and electrooptic Q switcher of La3Ga5SiO14 single-crystal," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 7419-7421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, B. V. Mill, G. G. Khodzhabagyan, A. F. Konstantinova, A. I. Okorochkov, and I. M. Silvestrova, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 1. Growth and optical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 387-398 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, I. M. Silvestrova, S. E. Sarkisov, and G. A. Denisenko, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 2. Spectral laser and electromechanical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 607-620 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Khodzhabagyan, G. G.

A. A. Kaminskii, B. V. Mill, G. G. Khodzhabagyan, A. F. Konstantinova, A. I. Okorochkov, and I. M. Silvestrova, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 1. Growth and optical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 387-398 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Konstantinova, A. F.

A. A. Kaminskii, B. V. Mill, G. G. Khodzhabagyan, A. F. Konstantinova, A. I. Okorochkov, and I. M. Silvestrova, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 1. Growth and optical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 387-398 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Mill, B. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, B. V. Mill, G. G. Khodzhabagyan, A. F. Konstantinova, A. I. Okorochkov, and I. M. Silvestrova, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 1. Growth and optical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 387-398 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Okorochkov, A. I.

A. A. Kaminskii, B. V. Mill, G. G. Khodzhabagyan, A. F. Konstantinova, A. I. Okorochkov, and I. M. Silvestrova, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 1. Growth and optical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 387-398 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Rongjiang, H.

X. Yin, W. Jiyang, Z. Huaijin, Z. Shaojun, H. Rongjiang, and C. Tingxiou, "Electrooptic properties and electrooptic Q switcher of La3Ga5SiO14 single-crystal," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 7419-7421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sarkisov, S. E.

A. A. Kaminskii, I. M. Silvestrova, S. E. Sarkisov, and G. A. Denisenko, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 2. Spectral laser and electromechanical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 607-620 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Shaojun, Z.

X. Yin, W. Jiyang, and Z. Shaojun, "La3Ga5SiO14 single-crystal Q switch used as an electro-optic device," Appl. Opt. 42, 7188-7190 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Yin, W. Jiyang, Z. Huaijin, Z. Shaojun, H. Rongjiang, and C. Tingxiou, "Electrooptic properties and electrooptic Q switcher of La3Ga5SiO14 single-crystal," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 7419-7421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Silvestrova, I. M.

A. A. Kaminskii, B. V. Mill, G. G. Khodzhabagyan, A. F. Konstantinova, A. I. Okorochkov, and I. M. Silvestrova, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 1. Growth and optical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 387-398 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, I. M. Silvestrova, S. E. Sarkisov, and G. A. Denisenko, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 2. Spectral laser and electromechanical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 607-620 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Stade, J.

J. Stade, L. Bohaty, M. Hengst, and R. B. Heimann, "Electro-optic, piezoelectric, and dielectric properties of langasite (La3Ga5SiO14), langanite (La3Ga5.5Nb0.5O14), and langataite (La3Ga5.5Ta0.5O14)," Cryst. Res. Technol. 37, 1113 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tingxiou, C.

X. Yin, W. Jiyang, Z. Huaijin, Z. Shaojun, H. Rongjiang, and C. Tingxiou, "Electrooptic properties and electrooptic Q switcher of La3Ga5SiO14 single-crystal," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 7419-7421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yin, X.

X. Yin, W. Jiyang, and Z. Shaojun, "La3Ga5SiO14 single-crystal Q switch used as an electro-optic device," Appl. Opt. 42, 7188-7190 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Yin, W. Jiyang, Z. Huaijin, Z. Shaojun, H. Rongjiang, and C. Tingxiou, "Electrooptic properties and electrooptic Q switcher of La3Ga5SiO14 single-crystal," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 7419-7421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Cryst. Res. Technol.

J. Stade, L. Bohaty, M. Hengst, and R. B. Heimann, "Electro-optic, piezoelectric, and dielectric properties of langasite (La3Ga5SiO14), langanite (La3Ga5.5Nb0.5O14), and langataite (La3Ga5.5Ta0.5O14)," Cryst. Res. Technol. 37, 1113 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

X. Yin, W. Jiyang, Z. Huaijin, Z. Shaojun, H. Rongjiang, and C. Tingxiou, "Electrooptic properties and electrooptic Q switcher of La3Ga5SiO14 single-crystal," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 7419-7421 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A

A. A. Kaminskii, B. V. Mill, G. G. Khodzhabagyan, A. F. Konstantinova, A. I. Okorochkov, and I. M. Silvestrova, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 1. Growth and optical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 387-398 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, I. M. Silvestrova, S. E. Sarkisov, and G. A. Denisenko, "Investigation of trigonal (La1−xNdx)3Ga5SiO14 crystals. 2. Spectral laser and electromechanical properties," Phys. Status Solidi A 80, 607-620 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. Gang and L. Liji, Crystal Physics Basics (Science Press, Beijing, China, 1992), p. 474 (in Chinese).

W. G. Driscoll and W. Vaughan, Handbook of Optics (Kingsport, New York, 1978), Sec. 10, p. 146.

M. Guoguang and Z. Yuanling, Optics (People Education Press, Beijing, China, 1979), p. 199 (in Chinese).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the polarization light interference for optically active crystal LGS.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The relation between α and Φ, β with the reference of x axis.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the Pockels cell inside the laser cavity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The spot burned by the laser pulse.

Equations (24)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

nl=no+g2no,
nr=no-g2no,
nl=n1+g2n1,
nr=n2-g2n2,
g11000g22000g33,
γ1100-γ1100000γ41000-γ4100-γ110.
dn=-12no3γ11E1.
nl=(no-Δ)+g332(no-Δ)=(no-Δ)+g332no1-Δno,
nr=(no+Δ)-g332(no+Δ)=(no+Δ)-g332no1+Δno.
nl(no-Δ)+g332no 1+Δn0+(Δ/no)2+,
nr(no+Δ)-g332no 1-Δn0+(Δ/no)2-.
A2=Ao22+Ao22+2A02Ao2cos Γ=Ao2 cos2 Γ2,
Γ2=πλ(nl-nr)l=πλ g33nol-πλ(2Δ)l+πλ g33noΔno2l,
I=A02 cos2 α,
Φ=πλ g33n0l=ρl,
I=A02 cos2(Φ-β)=A02 cos2πλ g33n0l-β=Ao2 cos2Γ2-β,
I=A02.
I=0.
I=Ao2 cos2Γ2-β.
I=Ao2 cos2πλ g33nol-β-πλ(2Δ)l+πλ g33noΔno2l=Ao2 cos2(Φ-β)-πλ(2Δ)l+πλ g33noΔno2l.
I=A02 sin2πλ g33noΔno2l,
I=A02 sin2±π2+πλ g33noΔno2l=Ao2 cos2πλ g33noΔno2l.
πλ g33noΔno2lπ2.
Vπ=λ2no3γ11(l/d).

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