Abstract

In this paper we investigate the wavelength conversion and regeneration properties of a tunable all-optical signal regenerator (TASR). In the TASR, the wavelength conversion is done by a semiconductor optical amplifier, which is incorporated in an asymmetric Sagnac loop (ASL). We demonstrate both theoretically and experimentally that the ASL regenerates the incident signal's bit pattern, reduces its noise, increases the extinction ratio (which in many aspects is equivalent to noise reduction) and improves its bit-error rate. We also demonstrate the general behavior of the TASR with a numerical simulation.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Y. Emery, M. Picq, F. Poingt, F. Gaborit, R. Brenot, M. Renaud, B. Lavigne, and A. Dupas, "Optimised 2-R all-optical regenerator with low polarization sensitivity penalty (<1 dB) for optical networking applications," in Optical Fiber Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper Mb4-1.
  2. W. Idler, K. Daub, G. Laube, M. Schilling, P. Wiedemann, K. Dutting, M. Klenk, E. Lach, and K. Wunstel, "10 Gb/s wavelength conversion with integrated multiquantum-well-based 3-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1163-1165 (1996).
  3. J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration," Electron. Lett. 36, 1129-1130 (2000).
  4. K. L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).
  5. B. C. Wang, L. Xu, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, "State selection of bistable SOA ring laser for bit level optical memory applications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 989-991 (2002).
  6. K. I. Kang, T. G. Chang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, "Comparison of Sagnac and Mach-Zehnder ultrafast all-optical interferometric switches based on a semiconductor resonant optical nonlinearity," Appl. Opt. 35, 417-426 (1996).
  7. L. Xu, I. Glesk, V. Baby and P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical wavelength conversion using SOA at nearly symmetric position in a fiber-based Sagnac interferometric loop," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 539--541 (2004).

2004 (1)

L. Xu, I. Glesk, V. Baby and P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical wavelength conversion using SOA at nearly symmetric position in a fiber-based Sagnac interferometric loop," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 539--541 (2004).

2002 (1)

B. C. Wang, L. Xu, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, "State selection of bistable SOA ring laser for bit level optical memory applications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 989-991 (2002).

2000 (1)

J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration," Electron. Lett. 36, 1129-1130 (2000).

1997 (1)

K. L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).

1996 (2)

W. Idler, K. Daub, G. Laube, M. Schilling, P. Wiedemann, K. Dutting, M. Klenk, E. Lach, and K. Wunstel, "10 Gb/s wavelength conversion with integrated multiquantum-well-based 3-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1163-1165 (1996).

K. I. Kang, T. G. Chang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, "Comparison of Sagnac and Mach-Zehnder ultrafast all-optical interferometric switches based on a semiconductor resonant optical nonlinearity," Appl. Opt. 35, 417-426 (1996).

Baby, V.

L. Xu, I. Glesk, V. Baby and P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical wavelength conversion using SOA at nearly symmetric position in a fiber-based Sagnac interferometric loop," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 539--541 (2004).

B. C. Wang, L. Xu, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, "State selection of bistable SOA ring laser for bit level optical memory applications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 989-991 (2002).

Brenot, R.

J. Y. Emery, M. Picq, F. Poingt, F. Gaborit, R. Brenot, M. Renaud, B. Lavigne, and A. Dupas, "Optimised 2-R all-optical regenerator with low polarization sensitivity penalty (<1 dB) for optical networking applications," in Optical Fiber Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper Mb4-1.

Burrus, C. A.

J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration," Electron. Lett. 36, 1129-1130 (2000).

Chang, T. G.

Daub, K.

W. Idler, K. Daub, G. Laube, M. Schilling, P. Wiedemann, K. Dutting, M. Klenk, E. Lach, and K. Wunstel, "10 Gb/s wavelength conversion with integrated multiquantum-well-based 3-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1163-1165 (1996).

Deng, K. L.

K. L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).

Dreyer, K.

J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration," Electron. Lett. 36, 1129-1130 (2000).

Dupas, A.

J. Y. Emery, M. Picq, F. Poingt, F. Gaborit, R. Brenot, M. Renaud, B. Lavigne, and A. Dupas, "Optimised 2-R all-optical regenerator with low polarization sensitivity penalty (<1 dB) for optical networking applications," in Optical Fiber Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper Mb4-1.

Dutting, K.

W. Idler, K. Daub, G. Laube, M. Schilling, P. Wiedemann, K. Dutting, M. Klenk, E. Lach, and K. Wunstel, "10 Gb/s wavelength conversion with integrated multiquantum-well-based 3-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1163-1165 (1996).

Emery, J. Y.

J. Y. Emery, M. Picq, F. Poingt, F. Gaborit, R. Brenot, M. Renaud, B. Lavigne, and A. Dupas, "Optimised 2-R all-optical regenerator with low polarization sensitivity penalty (<1 dB) for optical networking applications," in Optical Fiber Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper Mb4-1.

Gaborit, F.

J. Y. Emery, M. Picq, F. Poingt, F. Gaborit, R. Brenot, M. Renaud, B. Lavigne, and A. Dupas, "Optimised 2-R all-optical regenerator with low polarization sensitivity penalty (<1 dB) for optical networking applications," in Optical Fiber Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper Mb4-1.

Glesk, I.

L. Xu, I. Glesk, V. Baby and P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical wavelength conversion using SOA at nearly symmetric position in a fiber-based Sagnac interferometric loop," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 539--541 (2004).

B. C. Wang, L. Xu, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, "State selection of bistable SOA ring laser for bit level optical memory applications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 989-991 (2002).

K. L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).

K. I. Kang, T. G. Chang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, "Comparison of Sagnac and Mach-Zehnder ultrafast all-optical interferometric switches based on a semiconductor resonant optical nonlinearity," Appl. Opt. 35, 417-426 (1996).

Idler, W.

W. Idler, K. Daub, G. Laube, M. Schilling, P. Wiedemann, K. Dutting, M. Klenk, E. Lach, and K. Wunstel, "10 Gb/s wavelength conversion with integrated multiquantum-well-based 3-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1163-1165 (1996).

Joyner, C. H.

J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration," Electron. Lett. 36, 1129-1130 (2000).

Kang, K. I.

K. L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).

K. I. Kang, T. G. Chang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, "Comparison of Sagnac and Mach-Zehnder ultrafast all-optical interferometric switches based on a semiconductor resonant optical nonlinearity," Appl. Opt. 35, 417-426 (1996).

Klenk, M.

W. Idler, K. Daub, G. Laube, M. Schilling, P. Wiedemann, K. Dutting, M. Klenk, E. Lach, and K. Wunstel, "10 Gb/s wavelength conversion with integrated multiquantum-well-based 3-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1163-1165 (1996).

Lach, E.

W. Idler, K. Daub, G. Laube, M. Schilling, P. Wiedemann, K. Dutting, M. Klenk, E. Lach, and K. Wunstel, "10 Gb/s wavelength conversion with integrated multiquantum-well-based 3-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1163-1165 (1996).

Laube, G.

W. Idler, K. Daub, G. Laube, M. Schilling, P. Wiedemann, K. Dutting, M. Klenk, E. Lach, and K. Wunstel, "10 Gb/s wavelength conversion with integrated multiquantum-well-based 3-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1163-1165 (1996).

Lavigne, B.

J. Y. Emery, M. Picq, F. Poingt, F. Gaborit, R. Brenot, M. Renaud, B. Lavigne, and A. Dupas, "Optimised 2-R all-optical regenerator with low polarization sensitivity penalty (<1 dB) for optical networking applications," in Optical Fiber Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper Mb4-1.

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration," Electron. Lett. 36, 1129-1130 (2000).

Mikkelsen, B.

J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration," Electron. Lett. 36, 1129-1130 (2000).

Miller, B. I.

J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration," Electron. Lett. 36, 1129-1130 (2000).

Picq, M.

J. Y. Emery, M. Picq, F. Poingt, F. Gaborit, R. Brenot, M. Renaud, B. Lavigne, and A. Dupas, "Optimised 2-R all-optical regenerator with low polarization sensitivity penalty (<1 dB) for optical networking applications," in Optical Fiber Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper Mb4-1.

Pleumeekers, J. L.

J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration," Electron. Lett. 36, 1129-1130 (2000).

Poingt, F.

J. Y. Emery, M. Picq, F. Poingt, F. Gaborit, R. Brenot, M. Renaud, B. Lavigne, and A. Dupas, "Optimised 2-R all-optical regenerator with low polarization sensitivity penalty (<1 dB) for optical networking applications," in Optical Fiber Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper Mb4-1.

Prucnal, P. R.

L. Xu, I. Glesk, V. Baby and P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical wavelength conversion using SOA at nearly symmetric position in a fiber-based Sagnac interferometric loop," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 539--541 (2004).

B. C. Wang, L. Xu, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, "State selection of bistable SOA ring laser for bit level optical memory applications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 989-991 (2002).

K. L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).

K. I. Kang, T. G. Chang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, "Comparison of Sagnac and Mach-Zehnder ultrafast all-optical interferometric switches based on a semiconductor resonant optical nonlinearity," Appl. Opt. 35, 417-426 (1996).

Raybon, G.

J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration," Electron. Lett. 36, 1129-1130 (2000).

Renaud, M.

J. Y. Emery, M. Picq, F. Poingt, F. Gaborit, R. Brenot, M. Renaud, B. Lavigne, and A. Dupas, "Optimised 2-R all-optical regenerator with low polarization sensitivity penalty (<1 dB) for optical networking applications," in Optical Fiber Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper Mb4-1.

Schilling, M.

W. Idler, K. Daub, G. Laube, M. Schilling, P. Wiedemann, K. Dutting, M. Klenk, E. Lach, and K. Wunstel, "10 Gb/s wavelength conversion with integrated multiquantum-well-based 3-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1163-1165 (1996).

Wang, B. C.

B. C. Wang, L. Xu, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, "State selection of bistable SOA ring laser for bit level optical memory applications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 989-991 (2002).

Wiedemann, P.

W. Idler, K. Daub, G. Laube, M. Schilling, P. Wiedemann, K. Dutting, M. Klenk, E. Lach, and K. Wunstel, "10 Gb/s wavelength conversion with integrated multiquantum-well-based 3-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1163-1165 (1996).

Wunstel, K.

W. Idler, K. Daub, G. Laube, M. Schilling, P. Wiedemann, K. Dutting, M. Klenk, E. Lach, and K. Wunstel, "10 Gb/s wavelength conversion with integrated multiquantum-well-based 3-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1163-1165 (1996).

Xu, L.

L. Xu, I. Glesk, V. Baby and P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical wavelength conversion using SOA at nearly symmetric position in a fiber-based Sagnac interferometric loop," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 539--541 (2004).

B. C. Wang, L. Xu, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, "State selection of bistable SOA ring laser for bit level optical memory applications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 989-991 (2002).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Leuthold, C. H. Joyner, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and C. A. Burrus, "100 Gbit/s all-optical wavelength conversion with integrated SOA delayed-interference configuration," Electron. Lett. 36, 1129-1130 (2000).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (4)

K. L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).

B. C. Wang, L. Xu, V. Baby, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, "State selection of bistable SOA ring laser for bit level optical memory applications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 989-991 (2002).

L. Xu, I. Glesk, V. Baby and P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical wavelength conversion using SOA at nearly symmetric position in a fiber-based Sagnac interferometric loop," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 539--541 (2004).

W. Idler, K. Daub, G. Laube, M. Schilling, P. Wiedemann, K. Dutting, M. Klenk, E. Lach, and K. Wunstel, "10 Gb/s wavelength conversion with integrated multiquantum-well-based 3-port Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1163-1165 (1996).

Other (1)

J. Y. Emery, M. Picq, F. Poingt, F. Gaborit, R. Brenot, M. Renaud, B. Lavigne, and A. Dupas, "Optimised 2-R all-optical regenerator with low polarization sensitivity penalty (<1 dB) for optical networking applications," in Optical Fiber Conference (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper Mb4-1.

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