Abstract

The photon-number distribution of an output state from a single-photon source using gated spontaneous parametric downconversion is analyzed in detail. For an improved experimental result of {P(0),P(1),P(2)}={0.59,0.40,0.009}, it is found that P(1) is restricted by the optical loss of the signal photon path (62%) and the cause of nonzero P(2) is the imperfection of the optical shutter for gating. A method by which to reconstruct the photon-number distribution via photon-counting measurement is also presented.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: public key distribution and coin tossing,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing (IEEE, 1984), p. 175.
  2. E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics,” Nature  409, 46–52 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. F. De Martini, G. Di Giuseppe, and M. Marrocco, “Single-mode generation of quantum photon states by excited single molecules in a microcavity trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  76, 900–903 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. F. Treussart, R. Alleaume, V. Le Floc’h, L. T. Xiao, J. M. Courty, and J. F. Roch, “Direct measurement of the photon statistics of a triggered single photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 093601 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, “Stable solid-state source of single photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  85, 290–293 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature  397, 500–503 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, “Efficient source of single photons: a single quantum dot in a micropost microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 233602 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, “Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  56, 58–60 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. H. P. Yuen, “Generation, detection, and application of high-intensity photon-number-eigenstate fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  56, 2176–2179 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and J. S. Satchell, “Use of parametric down-conversion to generate sub-Poissonian light,” Phys. Rev. A  37, 2963–2967 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and E. Jakeman, “Observation of sub-Poissonian light in parametric downconversion,” Opt. Commun.  62, 201–206 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, and S. Reynaud, “Observation of high-intensity sub-Poissonian light using an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  64, 2897–2900 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, Ni. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys.  6, 1631–11 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  14. T. B. Pittman, B. C Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion,” Opt. Commun.  246, 545–550 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, “Efficient conditional preparation of high-fidelity single photon states for fiber-optic quantum networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  93, 093601 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. S. Takeuchi, “Beamlike twin-photon generation by use of type II parametric down conversion,” Opt. Lett.  26, 843–845 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  17. S. Takeuchi, R. Okamoto, and K. Sasaki, “High-yield single-photon source using gated spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Appl. Opt.  43, 5708–5711 (2004)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. C. H. Monken, P. H. S. Ribeiro, and S. Padua, “Optimizing the photon pair collection efficiency: a step toward a loophole-free Bell’s inequalities experiment,” Phys. Rev. A  57, R2267 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  19. P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, “High-efficiency single-photon detectors,” Phys. Rev. A  48, R867 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. P. R. Tapster and J. G. Rarity, “Photon statistics of pulsed parametric light,” J. Mod. Opt.  45, 595–604 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. V. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, “Absolute detector quantum-efficiency measurements using correlated photons,” Metrologia  32, 479–483 (1995/96).
    [Crossref]

2004 (4)

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, Ni. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys.  6, 1631–11 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. B. Pittman, B. C Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion,” Opt. Commun.  246, 545–550 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, “Efficient conditional preparation of high-fidelity single photon states for fiber-optic quantum networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  93, 093601 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Takeuchi, R. Okamoto, and K. Sasaki, “High-yield single-photon source using gated spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Appl. Opt.  43, 5708–5711 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

F. Treussart, R. Alleaume, V. Le Floc’h, L. T. Xiao, J. M. Courty, and J. F. Roch, “Direct measurement of the photon statistics of a triggered single photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 093601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, “Efficient source of single photons: a single quantum dot in a micropost microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 233602 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics,” Nature  409, 46–52 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Takeuchi, “Beamlike twin-photon generation by use of type II parametric down conversion,” Opt. Lett.  26, 843–845 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, “Stable solid-state source of single photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  85, 290–293 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature  397, 500–503 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

C. H. Monken, P. H. S. Ribeiro, and S. Padua, “Optimizing the photon pair collection efficiency: a step toward a loophole-free Bell’s inequalities experiment,” Phys. Rev. A  57, R2267 (1998).
[Crossref]

P. R. Tapster and J. G. Rarity, “Photon statistics of pulsed parametric light,” J. Mod. Opt.  45, 595–604 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

F. De Martini, G. Di Giuseppe, and M. Marrocco, “Single-mode generation of quantum photon states by excited single molecules in a microcavity trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  76, 900–903 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. V. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, “Absolute detector quantum-efficiency measurements using correlated photons,” Metrologia  32, 479–483 (1995/96).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, “High-efficiency single-photon detectors,” Phys. Rev. A  48, R867 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, and S. Reynaud, “Observation of high-intensity sub-Poissonian light using an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  64, 2897–2900 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and E. Jakeman, “Observation of sub-Poissonian light in parametric downconversion,” Opt. Commun.  62, 201–206 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (3)

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, “Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  56, 58–60 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. P. Yuen, “Generation, detection, and application of high-intensity photon-number-eigenstate fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  56, 2176–2179 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and J. S. Satchell, “Use of parametric down-conversion to generate sub-Poissonian light,” Phys. Rev. A  37, 2963–2967 (1986).
[Crossref]

Alibart, O.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, Ni. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys.  6, 1631–11 (2004).
[Crossref]

Alleaume, R.

F. Treussart, R. Alleaume, V. Le Floc’h, L. T. Xiao, J. M. Courty, and J. F. Roch, “Direct measurement of the photon statistics of a triggered single photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 093601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baldi, P.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, Ni. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys.  6, 1631–11 (2004).
[Crossref]

Banaszek, K.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, “Efficient conditional preparation of high-fidelity single photon states for fiber-optic quantum networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  93, 093601 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bennett, C. H.

C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: public key distribution and coin tossing,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing (IEEE, 1984), p. 175.

Benson, O.

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature  397, 500–503 (1999).
[Crossref]

Beveratos, A.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, Ni. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys.  6, 1631–11 (2004).
[Crossref]

Brassard, G.

C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: public key distribution and coin tossing,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing (IEEE, 1984), p. 175.

Chiao, R. Y.

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, “High-efficiency single-photon detectors,” Phys. Rev. A  48, R867 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Courty, J. M.

F. Treussart, R. Alleaume, V. Le Floc’h, L. T. Xiao, J. M. Courty, and J. F. Roch, “Direct measurement of the photon statistics of a triggered single photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 093601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Datla, R. U.

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. V. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, “Absolute detector quantum-efficiency measurements using correlated photons,” Metrologia  32, 479–483 (1995/96).
[Crossref]

De Martini, F.

F. De Martini, G. Di Giuseppe, and M. Marrocco, “Single-mode generation of quantum photon states by excited single molecules in a microcavity trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  76, 900–903 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Di Giuseppe, G.

F. De Martini, G. Di Giuseppe, and M. Marrocco, “Single-mode generation of quantum photon states by excited single molecules in a microcavity trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  76, 900–903 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eberhard, P. H.

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, “High-efficiency single-photon detectors,” Phys. Rev. A  48, R867 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fabre, C.

J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, and S. Reynaud, “Observation of high-intensity sub-Poissonian light using an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  64, 2897–2900 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fasel, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, Ni. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys.  6, 1631–11 (2004).
[Crossref]

Franson, J. D.

T. B. Pittman, B. C Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion,” Opt. Commun.  246, 545–550 (2004).
[Crossref]

Giacobino, E.

J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, and S. Reynaud, “Observation of high-intensity sub-Poissonian light using an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  64, 2897–2900 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gisin, Ni.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, Ni. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys.  6, 1631–11 (2004).
[Crossref]

Heidmann, A.

J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, and S. Reynaud, “Observation of high-intensity sub-Poissonian light using an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  64, 2897–2900 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, C. K.

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, “Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  56, 58–60 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacobs, B. C

T. B. Pittman, B. C Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion,” Opt. Commun.  246, 545–550 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jakeman, E.

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and E. Jakeman, “Observation of sub-Poissonian light in parametric downconversion,” Opt. Commun.  62, 201–206 (1987).
[Crossref]

Kan, H.

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature  397, 500–503 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature  397, 500–503 (1999).
[Crossref]

Knill, E.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics,” Nature  409, 46–52 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kurtsiefer, C.

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, “Stable solid-state source of single photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  85, 290–293 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kwiat, P. G.

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, “High-efficiency single-photon detectors,” Phys. Rev. A  48, R867 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laflamme, R.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics,” Nature  409, 46–52 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Le Floc’h, V.

F. Treussart, R. Alleaume, V. Le Floc’h, L. T. Xiao, J. M. Courty, and J. F. Roch, “Direct measurement of the photon statistics of a triggered single photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 093601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mandel, L.

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, “Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  56, 58–60 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marrocco, M.

F. De Martini, G. Di Giuseppe, and M. Marrocco, “Single-mode generation of quantum photon states by excited single molecules in a microcavity trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  76, 900–903 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mayer, S.

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, “Stable solid-state source of single photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  85, 290–293 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mertz, J.

J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, and S. Reynaud, “Observation of high-intensity sub-Poissonian light using an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  64, 2897–2900 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Migdall, A. L.

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. V. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, “Absolute detector quantum-efficiency measurements using correlated photons,” Metrologia  32, 479–483 (1995/96).
[Crossref]

Milburn, G. J.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics,” Nature  409, 46–52 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monken, C. H.

C. H. Monken, P. H. S. Ribeiro, and S. Padua, “Optimizing the photon pair collection efficiency: a step toward a loophole-free Bell’s inequalities experiment,” Phys. Rev. A  57, R2267 (1998).
[Crossref]

Okamoto, R.

Orszak, J. S.

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. V. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, “Absolute detector quantum-efficiency measurements using correlated photons,” Metrologia  32, 479–483 (1995/96).
[Crossref]

Padua, S.

C. H. Monken, P. H. S. Ribeiro, and S. Padua, “Optimizing the photon pair collection efficiency: a step toward a loophole-free Bell’s inequalities experiment,” Phys. Rev. A  57, R2267 (1998).
[Crossref]

Pelton, M.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, “Efficient source of single photons: a single quantum dot in a micropost microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 233602 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petroff, M. D.

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, “High-efficiency single-photon detectors,” Phys. Rev. A  48, R867 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pittman, T. B.

T. B. Pittman, B. C Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion,” Opt. Commun.  246, 545–550 (2004).
[Crossref]

Plant, J.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, “Efficient source of single photons: a single quantum dot in a micropost microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 233602 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rarity, J. G.

P. R. Tapster and J. G. Rarity, “Photon statistics of pulsed parametric light,” J. Mod. Opt.  45, 595–604 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and E. Jakeman, “Observation of sub-Poissonian light in parametric downconversion,” Opt. Commun.  62, 201–206 (1987).
[Crossref]

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and J. S. Satchell, “Use of parametric down-conversion to generate sub-Poissonian light,” Phys. Rev. A  37, 2963–2967 (1986).
[Crossref]

Reynaud, S.

J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, and S. Reynaud, “Observation of high-intensity sub-Poissonian light using an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  64, 2897–2900 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ribeiro, P. H.

C. H. Monken, P. H. S. Ribeiro, and S. Padua, “Optimizing the photon pair collection efficiency: a step toward a loophole-free Bell’s inequalities experiment,” Phys. Rev. A  57, R2267 (1998).
[Crossref]

Roch, J. F.

F. Treussart, R. Alleaume, V. Le Floc’h, L. T. Xiao, J. M. Courty, and J. F. Roch, “Direct measurement of the photon statistics of a triggered single photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 093601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Santori, C.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, “Efficient source of single photons: a single quantum dot in a micropost microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 233602 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sasaki, K.

Satchell, J. S.

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and J. S. Satchell, “Use of parametric down-conversion to generate sub-Poissonian light,” Phys. Rev. A  37, 2963–2967 (1986).
[Crossref]

Sergienko, A. V.

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. V. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, “Absolute detector quantum-efficiency measurements using correlated photons,” Metrologia  32, 479–483 (1995/96).
[Crossref]

Shih, Y. H.

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. V. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, “Absolute detector quantum-efficiency measurements using correlated photons,” Metrologia  32, 479–483 (1995/96).
[Crossref]

Silberhorn, C.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, “Efficient conditional preparation of high-fidelity single photon states for fiber-optic quantum networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  93, 093601 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solomon, G. S.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, “Efficient source of single photons: a single quantum dot in a micropost microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 233602 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steinberg, A. M.

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, “High-efficiency single-photon detectors,” Phys. Rev. A  48, R867 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takeuchi, S.

Tanzilli, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, Ni. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys.  6, 1631–11 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tapster, P. R.

P. R. Tapster and J. G. Rarity, “Photon statistics of pulsed parametric light,” J. Mod. Opt.  45, 595–604 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and E. Jakeman, “Observation of sub-Poissonian light in parametric downconversion,” Opt. Commun.  62, 201–206 (1987).
[Crossref]

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and J. S. Satchell, “Use of parametric down-conversion to generate sub-Poissonian light,” Phys. Rev. A  37, 2963–2967 (1986).
[Crossref]

Treussart, F.

F. Treussart, R. Alleaume, V. Le Floc’h, L. T. Xiao, J. M. Courty, and J. F. Roch, “Direct measurement of the photon statistics of a triggered single photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 093601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U’Ren, A. B.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, “Efficient conditional preparation of high-fidelity single photon states for fiber-optic quantum networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  93, 093601 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vuckovic, J.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, “Efficient source of single photons: a single quantum dot in a micropost microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 233602 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I. A.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, “Efficient conditional preparation of high-fidelity single photon states for fiber-optic quantum networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  93, 093601 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weinfurter, H.

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, “Stable solid-state source of single photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  85, 290–293 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, L. T.

F. Treussart, R. Alleaume, V. Le Floc’h, L. T. Xiao, J. M. Courty, and J. F. Roch, “Direct measurement of the photon statistics of a triggered single photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 093601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, Y.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, “Efficient source of single photons: a single quantum dot in a micropost microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 233602 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature  397, 500–503 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yuen, H. P.

H. P. Yuen, “Generation, detection, and application of high-intensity photon-number-eigenstate fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  56, 2176–2179 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zarda, P.

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, “Stable solid-state source of single photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  85, 290–293 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zbinden, H.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, Ni. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys.  6, 1631–11 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, “Efficient source of single photons: a single quantum dot in a micropost microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 233602 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

P. R. Tapster and J. G. Rarity, “Photon statistics of pulsed parametric light,” J. Mod. Opt.  45, 595–604 (1998).
[Crossref]

Metrologia (1)

A. L. Migdall, R. U. Datla, A. V. Sergienko, J. S. Orszak, and Y. H. Shih, “Absolute detector quantum-efficiency measurements using correlated photons,” Metrologia  32, 479–483 (1995/96).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics,” Nature  409, 46–52 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, “A single-photon turnstile device,” Nature  397, 500–503 (1999).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, Ni. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys.  6, 1631–11 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

T. B. Pittman, B. C Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, “Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion,” Opt. Commun.  246, 545–550 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, and E. Jakeman, “Observation of sub-Poissonian light in parametric downconversion,” Opt. Commun.  62, 201–206 (1987).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and J. S. Satchell, “Use of parametric down-conversion to generate sub-Poissonian light,” Phys. Rev. A  37, 2963–2967 (1986).
[Crossref]

C. H. Monken, P. H. S. Ribeiro, and S. Padua, “Optimizing the photon pair collection efficiency: a step toward a loophole-free Bell’s inequalities experiment,” Phys. Rev. A  57, R2267 (1998).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, R. Y. Chiao, P. H. Eberhard, and M. D. Petroff, “High-efficiency single-photon detectors,” Phys. Rev. A  48, R867 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, “Efficient conditional preparation of high-fidelity single photon states for fiber-optic quantum networks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  93, 093601 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mertz, A. Heidmann, C. Fabre, E. Giacobino, and S. Reynaud, “Observation of high-intensity sub-Poissonian light using an optical parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  64, 2897–2900 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pelton, C. Santori, J. Vuckovic, B. Zhang, G. S. Solomon, J. Plant, and Y. Yamamoto, “Efficient source of single photons: a single quantum dot in a micropost microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 233602 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, “Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  56, 58–60 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. P. Yuen, “Generation, detection, and application of high-intensity photon-number-eigenstate fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  56, 2176–2179 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. De Martini, G. Di Giuseppe, and M. Marrocco, “Single-mode generation of quantum photon states by excited single molecules in a microcavity trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  76, 900–903 (1996).
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F. Treussart, R. Alleaume, V. Le Floc’h, L. T. Xiao, J. M. Courty, and J. F. Roch, “Direct measurement of the photon statistics of a triggered single photon source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  89, 093601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Kurtsiefer, S. Mayer, P. Zarda, and H. Weinfurter, “Stable solid-state source of single photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.  85, 290–293 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. When a pump beam is incident to a BBO crystal, SPDC occurs. Through the process of SPDC, signal photons and idler photons are generated at the same time. The idler photons are detected, and the signal photons are guided into an optical fiber. The gating circuit then operates the shutter in order to output only one signal photon for a fixed period.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Timing chart of the shutter controlled by the gate control circuit. When the working window is set high, the gate control circuit reacts. Following the first photon detection pulse of photon detector 1 during one clock cycle, the gate control circuit opens the shutter for a short time. To minimize the shutter open time, the gate control circuit controls the first set of E O modulators ( E O - 1 and E O - 3 ) and the second set of E O modulators ( E O - 2 and E O - 4 ) separately.

Tables (7)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Photon-Count Probability Distribution

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Table 2 Photon-Number Distribution a

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Table 3 Parameters of the Detection System

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Table 4 Effective Quantum Efficiency of the Detection System

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Table 5 Photon-Number Distribution Considering the Analysis of Appendix A

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Table 6 Measured and Estimated Values of Photon-Number Distribution

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Table 7 Parameters for Estimation

Equations (39)

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P ( 0 ) = P ( 0 ) + P l d 11 P ( 1 ) ,
P ( 1 ) = ( 1 P l d 11 ) P ( 1 ) + P l d 21 P ( 2 ) ,
P ( 2 ) = ( 1 P l d 21 ) P ( 2 ) ,
τ p τ d t p < τ p ,
τ p τ d τ p 1 τ p 0 t p ( τ p τ d ) 1 τ p d t c d t p = γ 2 2 ,
P d l 11 = n = 0 P ( n ) τ p τ d τ p n τ p 0 t p ( τ p τ d ) 1 τ p d t c d t p = τ p τ d τ p n ¯ τ p 0 t p ( τ p τ d ) 1 τ p d t c d t p = n ¯ γ 2 2 ,
0 τ p τ d 1 τ p t A t A + τ d 1 τ p d t B d t A + τ p τ d τ p 1 τ p t A τ p 1 τ p d t B d t A = γ γ 2 2 γ ,
P l d 21 = 2 γ .
P ( 0 ) = P ( 0 ) + n ¯ γ 2 2 P ( 1 ) ,
P ( 1 ) = ( 1 n ¯ γ 2 2 ) P ( 1 ) + 2 γ P ( 2 ) ,
P ( 2 ) = ( 1 2 γ ) P ( 2 ) ,
P ( m ) P d ( l ) .
P ( n ) = m n P d ( n m ) P ( m ) .
P ( n ) = m n α n m exp ( α ) ( n m ) ! P ( m ) .
P ( n ) = m n C n m η n ( 1 η ) m n P ( m ) ,
P i ( 0 ) = exp ( N 1 ) ,
P g ( 1 ) = [ 1 P i ( 0 ) ] T s .
T s = η 2 η m ,
P g ( 0 ) = 1 [ 1 P i ( 0 ) ] T s ,
P g ( 1 ) = [ 1 P i ( 0 ) ] T s ,
P g ( 2 ) = 0 .
α l = N 2 N c . g η m ,
P l ( n ) = α l n exp ( α l ) n ! .
P ( n ) = l = 0 , m = 0 l + m = n P g ( l ) P l ( m ) ,
η sh τ d τ sh ,
P ( n ) = m n P o ( n m ) P c ( m ) .
P c ( n ) = exp [ P c ( n ) ] P c ( n ) n n ! .
P o ( n 2 ) = 0 .
P c ( n ) = P ( 1 ) P ( 0 ) [ P ( 1 ) P ( 0 ) ] 2 2 P ( 2 ) P ( 0 ) ,
P o ( 0 ) = exp [ P c ( n ) ] P ( 0 ) ,
P o ( 1 ) = 1 P o ( 0 ) .
P o ( 0 ) = P o ( 0 ) .
P o ( 0 ) = P G ( 0 ) P BG ( 0 ) ,
P o ( 1 ) = P G ( 0 ) P BG ( 1 ) + P G ( 1 ) P BG ( 0 ) ,
P o ( 2 ) = P G ( 0 ) P BG ( 2 ) + P G ( 1 ) P BG ( 1 ) .
P o ( 0 ) = P o ( 0 ) ,
P o ( 1 ) = P o ( 0 ) P BG ( n ) + { 1 P o ( 0 ) exp [ P BG ( n ) ] } exp [ P BG ( n ) ] ,
P o ( 2 ) = P o ( 0 ) P BG ( n ) 2 2 + { 1 P o ( 0 ) exp [ P BG ( n ) ] } , × P BG ( n ) exp [ P BG ( n ) ] .
P ( n ) = m n P o ( n m ) P c ( m ) ,

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