Abstract

We develop a wave-coupling theory of the linear electro-optic effect, which includes linear absorption of the electro-optic medium. A general solution of the output complex amplitudes of two independent polarized components of a light wave is obtained for a light wave propagating along any direction with an external dc electric field along an arbitrary direction in any linear absorbent electro-optic medium. We use a LiNbO3 crystal as an example for studying the influences of linear absorption on the phases and amplitudes of the two wave components as well as the half-wave voltage and the extinction ratio of electro-optic modulation. © 2005 Optical Society of America.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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