Abstract

Unlike third-harmonic generation in a monochromatic field, which gives rise to a signal at the frequency 3ω0, with ω0 being the frequency of the pump field, a broadband ultrashort pump pulse can generate isolated spectral peaks that are substantially shifted from the frequency 3ω0. In the multimode guided-wave regime, this non-3ω third-harmonic generation maps adjacent guided modes of the third harmonic onto a manifold of spectral peaks around 3ω0. The spectral shifts and the widths of these peaks are controlled by the phase and group-velocity mismatch between the pump field and third-harmonic modes, as well as the length of nonlinear-optical interaction, allowing the spectral contents of the third-harmonic signal to be engineered by tailoring the dispersion of the pump and third-harmonic modes involved in the nonlinear-optical process. Photonic-crystal fibers possess a unique combination of properties required to achieve large frequency shifts in non-3ω third-harmonic generation, allowing efficient tunable frequency upconversion based on this phenomenon.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-sensitive third-harmonic generation by femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in birefringent microchannel waveguides of photonic-crystal fibers," Appl. Phys. B 81, 219-223 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (7)

A. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, and P. St. J. Russell, "Four-wave mixing of linear waves and solitons in fibers with higher-order dispersion," Opt. Lett. 29, 2411-2413 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: experiment and modelling," Opt. Express 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. M. Zheltikov, P. Zhou, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Self-channeling of subgigawatt femtosecond laser pulses in a ground-state waveguide induced in the hollow core of a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 29, 1521-1523 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, E. E. Serebryannikov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched four-wave mixing of sub-100-TW/cm2 femtosecond laser pulses in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. E 70, 066625 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, K. D. Moll, and A. L. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (16)

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Zheltikov, "The physical limit for the waveguide enhancement of nonlinear-optical processes," Opt. Spectrosc. 95, 410-415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Polarization dependent harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 61-67 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, V. S. Shevandin, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. N. Petrov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of frequency-tunable radiation within the wavelength range of 350-600 nm through nonlinear-optical spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite-laser pulses in submicron fused silica threads of a microstructure fiber," Laser Phys. 13, 1170-1174 (2003).

H. N. Paulsen, K. M. Hilligsøe, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Scalar modulation instability in the normal dispersion regime by use of a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 2225-2227 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Zheltikov, "Supercontinuum generation," Appl. Phys. B 77, 143-376 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, and Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four-wave mixing inhigher order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11, 2440-2445 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, A. N. Naumov, O. A. Kolevatova, M. V. Alfimov, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, A. A. Podshivalov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of a spectrally asymmetric third harmonic with unamplified 30-fs Cr:forsterite laser pulses in a tapered fiber," Appl. Phys. B 76, 515-519 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Nonlinear generation of very high-order UV modes in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 910-918 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (9)

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Self-referencing of the carrier-envelope slip in a 6-fs visible parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 27, 1241-1243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765-771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Naumov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. V. Yakovlev, L. A. Mel'nikov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, and A. V. Shcherbakov, "Enhanced chi(3) interactions of unamplified femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in photonic-crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2183-2191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. N. Naumov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Asymmetric spectral broadening and temporal evolution of cross-phase-modulated third harmonic pulses," Opt. Express 10, 122-127 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavornokov, A. Hukasow, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

2000 (5)

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Optical properties of high-delta air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 25, 796-798 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

N. I. Koroteev and A. M. Zheltikov, "Chirp control in third-harmonic generation due to cross-phase modulation," Appl. Phys. B 67, 53-57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

S. A. Akhmanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, "Second-harmonic generation in nonlinear crystals by group-delayed ultrashort pulses," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 55, 1430-1435 (1968).

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2001).

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akhmanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, "Second-harmonic generation in nonlinear crystals by group-delayed ultrashort pulses," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 55, 1430-1435 (1968).

Akimov, D. A.

S. O. Konorov, E. E. Serebryannikov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched four-wave mixing of sub-100-TW/cm2 femtosecond laser pulses in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. E 70, 066625 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, A. N. Naumov, O. A. Kolevatova, M. V. Alfimov, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, A. A. Podshivalov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of a spectrally asymmetric third harmonic with unamplified 30-fs Cr:forsterite laser pulses in a tapered fiber," Appl. Phys. B 76, 515-519 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, and Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four-wave mixing inhigher order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
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S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-sensitive third-harmonic generation by femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in birefringent microchannel waveguides of photonic-crystal fibers," Appl. Phys. B 81, 219-223 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, E. E. Serebryannikov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched four-wave mixing of sub-100-TW/cm2 femtosecond laser pulses in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. E 70, 066625 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, A. N. Naumov, O. A. Kolevatova, M. V. Alfimov, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, A. A. Podshivalov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of a spectrally asymmetric third harmonic with unamplified 30-fs Cr:forsterite laser pulses in a tapered fiber," Appl. Phys. B 76, 515-519 (2003).
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S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, V. S. Shevandin, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. N. Petrov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of frequency-tunable radiation within the wavelength range of 350-600 nm through nonlinear-optical spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite-laser pulses in submicron fused silica threads of a microstructure fiber," Laser Phys. 13, 1170-1174 (2003).

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R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Baltuska, A.

Beloglazov, V. I.

Benabid, F.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: experiment and modelling," Opt. Express 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, A. N. Naumov, O. A. Kolevatova, M. V. Alfimov, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, A. A. Podshivalov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of a spectrally asymmetric third harmonic with unamplified 30-fs Cr:forsterite laser pulses in a tapered fiber," Appl. Phys. B 76, 515-519 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
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Chau, A. H. L.

Chirkin, A. S.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, "Second-harmonic generation in nonlinear crystals by group-delayed ultrashort pulses," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 55, 1430-1435 (1968).

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Coen, S.

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R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
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D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
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D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
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S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
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Dudley, J. M.

Dukel'skii, K. V.

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, and Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four-wave mixing inhigher order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, V. S. Shevandin, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. N. Petrov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of frequency-tunable radiation within the wavelength range of 350-600 nm through nonlinear-optical spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite-laser pulses in submicron fused silica threads of a microstructure fiber," Laser Phys. 13, 1170-1174 (2003).

Efimov, A.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fedotov, A. B.

A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, V. S. Shevandin, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. N. Petrov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of frequency-tunable radiation within the wavelength range of 350-600 nm through nonlinear-optical spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite-laser pulses in submicron fused silica threads of a microstructure fiber," Laser Phys. 13, 1170-1174 (2003).

A. N. Naumov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. V. Yakovlev, L. A. Mel'nikov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, and A. V. Shcherbakov, "Enhanced chi(3) interactions of unamplified femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in photonic-crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2183-2191 (2002).
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Foster, M. A.

Fuji, T.

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M. A. Foster, K. D. Moll, and A. L. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004).
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D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
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Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
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Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavornokov, A. Hukasow, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grossard, N.

Hall, J. L.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
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Hänsch, T. W.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
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R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
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Hartl, I.

Harvey, J. D.

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavornokov, A. Hukasow, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hilligsøe, K. M.

Holzwarth, R.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hukasow, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavornokov, A. Hukasow, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, A. A.

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-sensitive third-harmonic generation by femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in birefringent microchannel waveguides of photonic-crystal fibers," Appl. Phys. B 81, 219-223 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, E. E. Serebryannikov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched four-wave mixing of sub-100-TW/cm2 femtosecond laser pulses in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. E 70, 066625 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, A. N. Naumov, O. A. Kolevatova, M. V. Alfimov, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, A. A. Podshivalov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of a spectrally asymmetric third harmonic with unamplified 30-fs Cr:forsterite laser pulses in a tapered fiber," Appl. Phys. B 76, 515-519 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, V. S. Shevandin, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. N. Petrov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of frequency-tunable radiation within the wavelength range of 350-600 nm through nonlinear-optical spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite-laser pulses in submicron fused silica threads of a microstructure fiber," Laser Phys. 13, 1170-1174 (2003).

Joly, N. Y.

Jones, D. J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keiding, S. R.

Khokhlov, A. V.

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, V. S. Shevandin, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. N. Petrov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of frequency-tunable radiation within the wavelength range of 350-600 nm through nonlinear-optical spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite-laser pulses in submicron fused silica threads of a microstructure fiber," Laser Phys. 13, 1170-1174 (2003).

Kiefer, W.

Knight, J. C.

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: experiment and modelling," Opt. Express 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Scalar modulation instability in the normal dispersion regime by use of a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 2225-2227 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Polarization dependent harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 61-67 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Nonlinear generation of very high-order UV modes in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 910-918 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavornokov, A. Hukasow, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knox, W. H.

Ko, T. H.

Kobayashi, T.

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolevatova, O. A.

D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, A. N. Naumov, O. A. Kolevatova, M. V. Alfimov, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, A. A. Podshivalov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of a spectrally asymmetric third harmonic with unamplified 30-fs Cr:forsterite laser pulses in a tapered fiber," Appl. Phys. B 76, 515-519 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kondrat'ev, Yu. N.

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, V. S. Shevandin, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. N. Petrov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of frequency-tunable radiation within the wavelength range of 350-600 nm through nonlinear-optical spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite-laser pulses in submicron fused silica threads of a microstructure fiber," Laser Phys. 13, 1170-1174 (2003).

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, and Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four-wave mixing inhigher order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konorov, S. O.

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-sensitive third-harmonic generation by femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in birefringent microchannel waveguides of photonic-crystal fibers," Appl. Phys. B 81, 219-223 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, E. E. Serebryannikov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched four-wave mixing of sub-100-TW/cm2 femtosecond laser pulses in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. E 70, 066625 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. M. Zheltikov, P. Zhou, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Self-channeling of subgigawatt femtosecond laser pulses in a ground-state waveguide induced in the hollow core of a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 29, 1521-1523 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11, 2440-2445 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, V. S. Shevandin, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. N. Petrov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of frequency-tunable radiation within the wavelength range of 350-600 nm through nonlinear-optical spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite-laser pulses in submicron fused silica threads of a microstructure fiber," Laser Phys. 13, 1170-1174 (2003).

Korn, G.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavornokov, A. Hukasow, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
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D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
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Maksimenka, R.

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R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Mel'nikov, L. A.

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A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
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D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
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J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavornokov, A. Hukasow, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
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S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, V. S. Shevandin, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. N. Petrov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of frequency-tunable radiation within the wavelength range of 350-600 nm through nonlinear-optical spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite-laser pulses in submicron fused silica threads of a microstructure fiber," Laser Phys. 13, 1170-1174 (2003).

D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, A. N. Naumov, O. A. Kolevatova, M. V. Alfimov, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, A. A. Podshivalov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of a spectrally asymmetric third harmonic with unamplified 30-fs Cr:forsterite laser pulses in a tapered fiber," Appl. Phys. B 76, 515-519 (2003).
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I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Rhanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
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J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Optical properties of high-delta air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 25, 796-798 (2000).
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J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
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D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
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S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reeves, W. H.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rhanta, R. K.

Roberts, P. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. S. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

A. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, and P. St. J. Russell, "Four-wave mixing of linear waves and solitons in fibers with higher-order dispersion," Opt. Lett. 29, 2411-2413 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Scalar modulation instability in the normal dispersion regime by use of a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 2225-2227 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Nonlinear generation of very high-order UV modes in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 910-918 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Polarization dependent harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 61-67 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
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D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, A. N. Naumov, O. A. Kolevatova, M. V. Alfimov, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, A. A. Podshivalov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of a spectrally asymmetric third harmonic with unamplified 30-fs Cr:forsterite laser pulses in a tapered fiber," Appl. Phys. B 76, 515-519 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavornokov, A. Hukasow, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmitt, M.

Serebryannikov, E. E.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, E. E. Serebryannikov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched four-wave mixing of sub-100-TW/cm2 femtosecond laser pulses in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. E 70, 066625 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, and Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four-wave mixing inhigher order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Shevandin, V. S.

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, and Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four-wave mixing inhigher order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
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S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, V. S. Shevandin, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. N. Petrov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of frequency-tunable radiation within the wavelength range of 350-600 nm through nonlinear-optical spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite-laser pulses in submicron fused silica threads of a microstructure fiber," Laser Phys. 13, 1170-1174 (2003).

Sidorov-Biryukov, D. A.

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, V. S. Shevandin, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. N. Petrov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of frequency-tunable radiation within the wavelength range of 350-600 nm through nonlinear-optical spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite-laser pulses in submicron fused silica threads of a microstructure fiber," Laser Phys. 13, 1170-1174 (2003).

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Skryabin, D. V.

A. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, and P. St. J. Russell, "Four-wave mixing of linear waves and solitons in fibers with higher-order dispersion," Opt. Lett. 29, 2411-2413 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: experiment and modelling," Opt. Express 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
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D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
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A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Kluwer Academic, 1983).

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
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D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
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T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
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R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Wadsworth, W. J.

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Scalar modulation instability in the normal dispersion regime by use of a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 2225-2227 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Polarization dependent harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 61-67 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Nonlinear generation of very high-order UV modes in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 910-918 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, A. N. Naumov, O. A. Kolevatova, M. V. Alfimov, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, A. A. Podshivalov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of a spectrally asymmetric third harmonic with unamplified 30-fs Cr:forsterite laser pulses in a tapered fiber," Appl. Phys. B 76, 515-519 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavornokov, A. Hukasow, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
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J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765-771 (2002).
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I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Rhanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler, "Soliton self-frequency shift in a short tapered air-silica microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 358-360 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Optical properties of high-delta air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 25, 796-798 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Xu, C.

Yakovlev, V. V.

Ye, Jun

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yulin, A.

Yulin, A. V.

Zhavornokov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavornokov, A. Hukasow, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheltikov, A. M.

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-sensitive third-harmonic generation by femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in birefringent microchannel waveguides of photonic-crystal fibers," Appl. Phys. B 81, 219-223 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, E. E. Serebryannikov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched four-wave mixing of sub-100-TW/cm2 femtosecond laser pulses in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. E 70, 066625 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
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S. O. Konorov, A. M. Zheltikov, P. Zhou, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Self-channeling of subgigawatt femtosecond laser pulses in a ground-state waveguide induced in the hollow core of a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 29, 1521-1523 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11, 2440-2445 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, and Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four-wave mixing inhigher order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Zheltikov, "Supercontinuum generation," Appl. Phys. B 77, 143-376 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Zheltikov, "The physical limit for the waveguide enhancement of nonlinear-optical processes," Opt. Spectrosc. 95, 410-415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, V. S. Shevandin, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. N. Petrov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of frequency-tunable radiation within the wavelength range of 350-600 nm through nonlinear-optical spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite-laser pulses in submicron fused silica threads of a microstructure fiber," Laser Phys. 13, 1170-1174 (2003).

D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, A. N. Naumov, O. A. Kolevatova, M. V. Alfimov, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, A. A. Podshivalov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of a spectrally asymmetric third harmonic with unamplified 30-fs Cr:forsterite laser pulses in a tapered fiber," Appl. Phys. B 76, 515-519 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Naumov, A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, V. V. Yakovlev, L. A. Mel'nikov, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, and A. V. Shcherbakov, "Enhanced chi(3) interactions of unamplified femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in photonic-crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2183-2191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Naumov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Asymmetric spectral broadening and temporal evolution of cross-phase-modulated third harmonic pulses," Opt. Express 10, 122-127 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. I. Koroteev and A. M. Zheltikov, "Chirp control in third-harmonic generation due to cross-phase modulation," Appl. Phys. B 67, 53-57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, P.

Appl. Phys. B (4)

A. M. Zheltikov, "Supercontinuum generation," Appl. Phys. B 77, 143-376 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, A. N. Naumov, O. A. Kolevatova, M. V. Alfimov, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, A. A. Podshivalov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of a spectrally asymmetric third harmonic with unamplified 30-fs Cr:forsterite laser pulses in a tapered fiber," Appl. Phys. B 76, 515-519 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-sensitive third-harmonic generation by femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser pulses in birefringent microchannel waveguides of photonic-crystal fibers," Appl. Phys. B 81, 219-223 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Koroteev and A. M. Zheltikov, "Chirp control in third-harmonic generation due to cross-phase modulation," Appl. Phys. B 67, 53-57 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Laser Phys. (1)

S. O. Konorov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, A. B. Fedotov, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, V. S. Shevandin, K. V. Dukel'skii, A. V. Khokhlov, A. A. Podshivalov, A. N. Petrov, D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Generation of frequency-tunable radiation within the wavelength range of 350-600 nm through nonlinear-optical spectral transformation of femtosecond Cr:forsterite-laser pulses in submicron fused silica threads of a microstructure fiber," Laser Phys. 13, 1170-1174 (2003).

Nature (3)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416, 233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (7)

M. A. Foster, K. D. Moll, and A. L. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. N. Naumov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Asymmetric spectral broadening and temporal evolution of cross-phase-modulated third harmonic pulses," Opt. Express 10, 122-127 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, "Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: experiment and modelling," Opt. Express 12, 6498-6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11, 2440-2445 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Polarization dependent harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 61-67 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Nonlinear generation of very high-order UV modes in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 910-918 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (11)

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Optical properties of high-delta air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 25, 796-798 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, and P. St. J. Russell, "Four-wave mixing of linear waves and solitons in fibers with higher-order dispersion," Opt. Lett. 29, 2411-2413 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Harvey, R. Leonhardt, S. Coen, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Scalar modulation instability in the normal dispersion regime by use of a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 2225-2227 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. M. Zheltikov, P. Zhou, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Self-channeling of subgigawatt femtosecond laser pulses in a ground-state waveguide induced in the hollow core of a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 29, 1521-1523 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Self-referencing of the carrier-envelope slip in a 6-fs visible parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 27, 1241-1243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Paulsen, K. M. Hilligsøe, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Rhanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler, "Soliton self-frequency shift in a short tapered air-silica microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 358-360 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, and Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four-wave mixing inhigher order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

A. M. Zheltikov, "The physical limit for the waveguide enhancement of nonlinear-optical processes," Opt. Spectrosc. 95, 410-415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. B. Fedotov, S. O. Konorov, V. P. Mitrokhin, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. A 70, 045802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

S. O. Konorov, E. E. Serebryannikov, D. A. Akimov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Phase-matched four-wave mixing of sub-100-TW/cm2 femtosecond laser pulses in isolated air-guided modes of a hollow photonic-crystal fiber," Phys. Rev. E 70, 066625 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, Jun Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavornokov, A. Hukasow, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (6)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers," Science 301, 1705-1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

S. A. Akhmanov, A. P. Sukhorukov, and A. S. Chirkin, "Second-harmonic generation in nonlinear crystals by group-delayed ultrashort pulses," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 55, 1430-1435 (1968).

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2001).

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Kluwer Academic, 1983).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Mismatches of propagation constants Δ β calculated by using Eq. (3) (dashed curves 1) and by numerically solving the relevant dispersion equation (solid curves 2) for the fundamental, HE 11 mode of the pump field and the EH 13 (curves 1 and 2), HE 13 (3), and EH 42 (4) modes of the third harmonic in a circular fiber with a fused-silica core and an air cladding. The fiber core radius a is (a) 1.2 μ m and (b) 1.4 μ m . The central wavelength of the pump field is λ 0 = 1.25 μ m . The vertical dashed line shows the wavelength λ 0 3 . The insets show typical experimental spectra of blue visible emission generated by sub- 100 - fs Cr:forsterite laser pulses ( λ 0 = 1.25 μ m ) in a photonic-crystal fiber (adapted from Ref. [35]). The dominant spectral peak in the output spectrum is (a) blueshifted and (b) redshifted with respect to λ 0 3 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of the third harmonic generated in the regime of weak self-phase modulation of the pump field (a Gaussian pulse with a pulse duration τ) for Δ β 0 τ ξ = 1 (curve 1), 2 (2), 3 (3), and 0 (4). The inset illustrates narrowing of the main peak in the spectrum of the third harmonic with Δ β 0 τ ξ = 1 and ξ L τ = 2 (1), 4 (2), and 10 (3).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of the third harmonic generated with an SPM-broadened pump with γ I 0 L = 1 (1) and 2 (2); Δ β 0 τ ξ = 6 , ξ L τ = 20 . The insets show the temporal structure of the third harmonic for γ I 0 L = 1 (1) and 2 (2) with ξ L τ = 20 .

Equations (15)

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β p ( ω ) β p ( ω 0 ) + v p 1 Ω 3 ,
β h ( 3 ω ) β h ( 3 ω 0 ) + v h 1 Ω ,
Δ β = β h 3 β p Δ β 0 + ξ Ω ,
Δ Ω = Ω 2 Ω 1 = Δ β 01 ξ 1 Δ β 02 ξ 2 ,
β i = 1 a ( V 2 2 Δ u i 2 ) 1 2 i = 1 , 2 ,
δ β = β 2 β 1 λ 4 π n co a 2 ( u 1 2 u 2 2 ) .
δ β = λ 0 12 π n co a 2 ( u 1 2 u 2 2 ) + λ 0 72 π 2 c n co a 2 ( u 2 2 u 1 2 ) Ω ,
Δ Ω = λ 0 12 π n co a 2 ( u 2 2 u 1 2 ) ( ξ + λ 0 Δ β 01 6 π c ) ξ [ ξ + λ 0 2 72 π 2 c n co a 2 ( u 2 2 u 1 2 ) ] .
( 1 v p t + z ) A = i γ 1 A A 2 ,
( 1 v h t + z ) B = i σ A 3 exp ( i Δ β 0 z ) + 2 i γ 2 B A 2 .
A ( t p , z ) = A 0 ( t p ) exp [ i φ spm ( t p , z ) ] ,
B ( t h , z ) = i σ 0 z d z A 0 3 ( t h + ξ z ) exp [ i Δ β 0 z + 3 i φ spm ( t h + ξ z , z ) i φ xpm ( t h , z , z ) ] ,
φ spm ( t p , z ) = γ 1 A 0 ( t p ) 2 z
φ xpm ( t h , z , z ) = 2 γ 2 z z A 0 ( t h + ξ z ) 2 d z
I ( Ω , z ) σ 2 sin 2 [ ( Δ β 0 + Ω ξ ) z 2 ] ( Δ β 0 + Ω ξ ) 2 A ( Ω Ω ) A ( Ω Ω ) A ( Ω ) d Ω d Ω 2 ,

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