Abstract

We present the cross-talk modeling of a switching matrix based on the cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) for optical packet-switched networks. The cross-talk-induced bit error rate and switch-cascaded capability under unbalanced traffic are examined, which proves to be relevant to the SOA parameters, the traffic model unbalanced degree, the control pulse energy, and so on. Several rules are drawn to facilitate the design of the SOA-based switching matrix under unbalanced traffic.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. van Berlo, M. Janson, L. Lundgren, A. C. Mórner, J. Terlecki, M. Gustavsson, P. Granestrand, and P. Svensson, "Polarization-insensitive, monolithic 4×4 InGaAsP-InP laser amplifier gate switch matrix," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1291-1293 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Dorgeuille, W. Grieshaber, F. Pommereau, C. Porcheron, F. Gaborit, I. Guillemot, J. Y. Emery, and M. Renaud, "First array of 8 CG-SOA gates for large-scale WDM space switches," in European Conference on Optical Communications '98, (NOC, 1998), pp. 255-256.
  3. J. M. Tang, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Influence of fast gain depletion on the dynamic response of TOAD's," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 86-91 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. P. Zhao and P. Ye, "Switching performance of the all-optical demultiplexer using integrated SOA-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Acta Opt. Sin. 22, 99-105 (2002).
  5. X. Chongjin and Y. Peida, "Analysis of all-optical demultiplexer used a semiconductor optical amplifier," Acta Photonica Sin. 27, 159-166 (1998).
  6. Z. Min, P. Ye, F. Zhang, and Y. Zhao, "Performance analysis of homowavelength crosstalk in optical packet networks," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 36, 474-479 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Xu, J. B. Khurgin, and I. Vurgaftman, "Reducing crosstalk and signal distortion in wavelength-division multiplexing by increasing carrier lifetimes in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1474-1485 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Input wavelength conversion in optical packet switches," IEEE Commun. Lett. 7, 281-284 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

2003 (3)

Z. Min, P. Ye, F. Zhang, and Y. Zhao, "Performance analysis of homowavelength crosstalk in optical packet networks," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 36, 474-479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Input wavelength conversion in optical packet switches," IEEE Commun. Lett. 7, 281-284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Xu, J. B. Khurgin, and I. Vurgaftman, "Reducing crosstalk and signal distortion in wavelength-division multiplexing by increasing carrier lifetimes in semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1474-1485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Y. P. Zhao and P. Ye, "Switching performance of the all-optical demultiplexer using integrated SOA-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Acta Opt. Sin. 22, 99-105 (2002).

1998 (2)

X. Chongjin and Y. Peida, "Analysis of all-optical demultiplexer used a semiconductor optical amplifier," Acta Photonica Sin. 27, 159-166 (1998).

J. M. Tang, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Influence of fast gain depletion on the dynamic response of TOAD's," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 86-91 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

W. van Berlo, M. Janson, L. Lundgren, A. C. Mórner, J. Terlecki, M. Gustavsson, P. Granestrand, and P. Svensson, "Polarization-insensitive, monolithic 4×4 InGaAsP-InP laser amplifier gate switch matrix," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1291-1293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chongjin, X.

X. Chongjin and Y. Peida, "Analysis of all-optical demultiplexer used a semiconductor optical amplifier," Acta Photonica Sin. 27, 159-166 (1998).

Coldren, L. A.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

Corzine, S. W.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

Dorgeuille, F.

F. Dorgeuille, W. Grieshaber, F. Pommereau, C. Porcheron, F. Gaborit, I. Guillemot, J. Y. Emery, and M. Renaud, "First array of 8 CG-SOA gates for large-scale WDM space switches," in European Conference on Optical Communications '98, (NOC, 1998), pp. 255-256.

Emery, J. Y.

F. Dorgeuille, W. Grieshaber, F. Pommereau, C. Porcheron, F. Gaborit, I. Guillemot, J. Y. Emery, and M. Renaud, "First array of 8 CG-SOA gates for large-scale WDM space switches," in European Conference on Optical Communications '98, (NOC, 1998), pp. 255-256.

Eramo, V.

V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Input wavelength conversion in optical packet switches," IEEE Commun. Lett. 7, 281-284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaborit, F.

F. Dorgeuille, W. Grieshaber, F. Pommereau, C. Porcheron, F. Gaborit, I. Guillemot, J. Y. Emery, and M. Renaud, "First array of 8 CG-SOA gates for large-scale WDM space switches," in European Conference on Optical Communications '98, (NOC, 1998), pp. 255-256.

Granestrand, P.

W. van Berlo, M. Janson, L. Lundgren, A. C. Mórner, J. Terlecki, M. Gustavsson, P. Granestrand, and P. Svensson, "Polarization-insensitive, monolithic 4×4 InGaAsP-InP laser amplifier gate switch matrix," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1291-1293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grieshaber, W.

F. Dorgeuille, W. Grieshaber, F. Pommereau, C. Porcheron, F. Gaborit, I. Guillemot, J. Y. Emery, and M. Renaud, "First array of 8 CG-SOA gates for large-scale WDM space switches," in European Conference on Optical Communications '98, (NOC, 1998), pp. 255-256.

Guillemot, I.

F. Dorgeuille, W. Grieshaber, F. Pommereau, C. Porcheron, F. Gaborit, I. Guillemot, J. Y. Emery, and M. Renaud, "First array of 8 CG-SOA gates for large-scale WDM space switches," in European Conference on Optical Communications '98, (NOC, 1998), pp. 255-256.

Gustavsson, M.

W. van Berlo, M. Janson, L. Lundgren, A. C. Mórner, J. Terlecki, M. Gustavsson, P. Granestrand, and P. Svensson, "Polarization-insensitive, monolithic 4×4 InGaAsP-InP laser amplifier gate switch matrix," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1291-1293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Janson, M.

W. van Berlo, M. Janson, L. Lundgren, A. C. Mórner, J. Terlecki, M. Gustavsson, P. Granestrand, and P. Svensson, "Polarization-insensitive, monolithic 4×4 InGaAsP-InP laser amplifier gate switch matrix," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1291-1293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J. B.

Listanti, M.

V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Input wavelength conversion in optical packet switches," IEEE Commun. Lett. 7, 281-284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lundgren, L.

W. van Berlo, M. Janson, L. Lundgren, A. C. Mórner, J. Terlecki, M. Gustavsson, P. Granestrand, and P. Svensson, "Polarization-insensitive, monolithic 4×4 InGaAsP-InP laser amplifier gate switch matrix," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1291-1293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Min, Z.

Z. Min, P. Ye, F. Zhang, and Y. Zhao, "Performance analysis of homowavelength crosstalk in optical packet networks," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 36, 474-479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mórner, A. C.

W. van Berlo, M. Janson, L. Lundgren, A. C. Mórner, J. Terlecki, M. Gustavsson, P. Granestrand, and P. Svensson, "Polarization-insensitive, monolithic 4×4 InGaAsP-InP laser amplifier gate switch matrix," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1291-1293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Peida, Y.

X. Chongjin and Y. Peida, "Analysis of all-optical demultiplexer used a semiconductor optical amplifier," Acta Photonica Sin. 27, 159-166 (1998).

Pommereau, F.

F. Dorgeuille, W. Grieshaber, F. Pommereau, C. Porcheron, F. Gaborit, I. Guillemot, J. Y. Emery, and M. Renaud, "First array of 8 CG-SOA gates for large-scale WDM space switches," in European Conference on Optical Communications '98, (NOC, 1998), pp. 255-256.

Porcheron, C.

F. Dorgeuille, W. Grieshaber, F. Pommereau, C. Porcheron, F. Gaborit, I. Guillemot, J. Y. Emery, and M. Renaud, "First array of 8 CG-SOA gates for large-scale WDM space switches," in European Conference on Optical Communications '98, (NOC, 1998), pp. 255-256.

Renaud, M.

F. Dorgeuille, W. Grieshaber, F. Pommereau, C. Porcheron, F. Gaborit, I. Guillemot, J. Y. Emery, and M. Renaud, "First array of 8 CG-SOA gates for large-scale WDM space switches," in European Conference on Optical Communications '98, (NOC, 1998), pp. 255-256.

Shore, K. A.

Spencer, P. S.

Svensson, P.

W. van Berlo, M. Janson, L. Lundgren, A. C. Mórner, J. Terlecki, M. Gustavsson, P. Granestrand, and P. Svensson, "Polarization-insensitive, monolithic 4×4 InGaAsP-InP laser amplifier gate switch matrix," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1291-1293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tang, J. M.

Terlecki, J.

W. van Berlo, M. Janson, L. Lundgren, A. C. Mórner, J. Terlecki, M. Gustavsson, P. Granestrand, and P. Svensson, "Polarization-insensitive, monolithic 4×4 InGaAsP-InP laser amplifier gate switch matrix," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1291-1293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

van Berlo, W.

W. van Berlo, M. Janson, L. Lundgren, A. C. Mórner, J. Terlecki, M. Gustavsson, P. Granestrand, and P. Svensson, "Polarization-insensitive, monolithic 4×4 InGaAsP-InP laser amplifier gate switch matrix," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1291-1293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vurgaftman, I.

Xu, S.

Ye, P.

Z. Min, P. Ye, F. Zhang, and Y. Zhao, "Performance analysis of homowavelength crosstalk in optical packet networks," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 36, 474-479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. P. Zhao and P. Ye, "Switching performance of the all-optical demultiplexer using integrated SOA-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Acta Opt. Sin. 22, 99-105 (2002).

Zhang, F.

Z. Min, P. Ye, F. Zhang, and Y. Zhao, "Performance analysis of homowavelength crosstalk in optical packet networks," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 36, 474-479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Z. Min, P. Ye, F. Zhang, and Y. Zhao, "Performance analysis of homowavelength crosstalk in optical packet networks," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 36, 474-479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. P.

Y. P. Zhao and P. Ye, "Switching performance of the all-optical demultiplexer using integrated SOA-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Acta Opt. Sin. 22, 99-105 (2002).

Acta Opt. Sin. (1)

Y. P. Zhao and P. Ye, "Switching performance of the all-optical demultiplexer using integrated SOA-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Acta Opt. Sin. 22, 99-105 (2002).

Acta Photonica Sin. (1)

X. Chongjin and Y. Peida, "Analysis of all-optical demultiplexer used a semiconductor optical amplifier," Acta Photonica Sin. 27, 159-166 (1998).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

V. Eramo and M. Listanti, "Input wavelength conversion in optical packet switches," IEEE Commun. Lett. 7, 281-284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

W. van Berlo, M. Janson, L. Lundgren, A. C. Mórner, J. Terlecki, M. Gustavsson, P. Granestrand, and P. Svensson, "Polarization-insensitive, monolithic 4×4 InGaAsP-InP laser amplifier gate switch matrix," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1291-1293 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. Min, P. Ye, F. Zhang, and Y. Zhao, "Performance analysis of homowavelength crosstalk in optical packet networks," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 36, 474-479 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

F. Dorgeuille, W. Grieshaber, F. Pommereau, C. Porcheron, F. Gaborit, I. Guillemot, J. Y. Emery, and M. Renaud, "First array of 8 CG-SOA gates for large-scale WDM space switches," in European Conference on Optical Communications '98, (NOC, 1998), pp. 255-256.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the OPS switch based on the SOA gate: (a) SOA gate based on XGM and (b) switching matrix. EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

N × N OPS node. Gray line, desired channel; dotted line, cross talk.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

System performance in the cases of various saturation energies and unbalanced degrees. (a) switch gate CR versus SOA saturation energy and (b) BER at different SOA saturation energies with f = 1.2 , 1.4.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

System performance in the cases of various carrier lifetimes. (a) Switch gate CR versus SOA carrier lifetime and (b) BER at different carrier lifetimes with f = 1.2 , 1.4.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

System performance in the cases of various control pulse energies and SOA length. (a) Switch gate CR versus control pulse energy and SOA length and (b) BER at different control pulse energies with f = 1.2 , 1.4 and L = 100 and 300 μ m .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

PER changing with packet length with f = 1.2 , 1.4.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

SOA parameter impact on the switch-cascaded capability. (a) BER at different SOA saturation energies versus cascaded node numbers with f = 1.2 , 1.4, (b) BER at different SOA lengths versus cascaded node numbers with f = 1.2 , 1.4, and (c) BER at different SOA carrier lifetimes versus cascaded node numbers with f = 1.2 , 1.4.

Equations (15)

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g ( z , t ) t = g 0 g ( z , t ) τ C g ( z , t ) 1 + ϵ P ( z , t ) P ( z , t ) E sat ,
P ( z , t ) z = g ( z , t ) 1 + ϵ P ( z , t ) P ( z , t ) .
E sat = P sat τ C = ω 0 τ C a N d W Γ .
G ( t ) = exp { 0 L g ( z , t ) [ 1 + ϵ P ( z , t ) ] d z } .
P out ( t ) = P in ( t ) G ( t ) ,
ϵ i = 2 ϵ DMUX ϵ MUX + ϵ SOA , i = 1 , 2 N ,
P X , Y ( t ) = E 0 2 d X , Y 2 ( t ) + 2 E 0 2 d X , Y ( t ) i = 1 k ϵ i d i , Y ( t ) cos [ ϕ X , Y ( t ) ϕ i , Y ( t ) ] ,
d i , Y ( t ) = { 1 for data 1 1 r for data 0 } , i = 1 , 2 , , X , , N ,
N k ( t ) = 2 E 0 2 d X , Y ( t ) i = 1 k ϵ i d i , Y ( t ) cos [ ϕ X , Y ( t ) ϕ i , Y ( t ) ] .
σ k 2 = E [ N k 2 ( t ) ] E 2 [ N k ( t ) ] = k E 0 2 d X , Y 2 ( t ) ( 1 + r 2 ) .
P e , k = 1 2 2 π [ I 1 I D σ 1 , k exp ( x 2 2 ) d x + I D I 0 σ 0 , k exp ( x 2 2 ) d x ] ,
BER = k = 1 N P ( k ) P e , k .
PER = 1 ( 1 BER ) L ,
P ( k ) = ( k N ) ( P ON ) k ( 1 P ON ) N k .
T i = 1 f 1 f N f i 1 , i = 1 , 2 , N , f > = 0 ,

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