Abstract

The excess coincidence rate of hard x rays from a high-brilliance undulator source is considered in two cases. For spontaneously emitted radiation, the predictions of the theory are in agreement with the first definitive experimental results on excess coincidences obtained at the SPring-8 facility in Japan. As the second case, the calculations are extended to applications of coincidence counting techniques with future free-electron lasers at x-ray wavelengths. It is found that two-photon coincidence counting may provide a unique tool for studying the onset of self-amplified spontaneous emission of hard x rays.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Arthur, “Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) conceptual design report,” Stanford Linear Acceleration Center Rep. SLAC-R-593 (Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 2002).
  2. G. Materlink and Th. Tschentscher, eds., “Tesla, technical design report,” Part V (2001), http://tesla.desy.de/new_pages/TDR_CD/start.html.
  3. T. Shintake, H. Matsumoto, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “SPring-8 compact SASE source (SCSS),” in Optics for Fourth-Generation X-Ray Sources, R. O. Tatchyn, A. K. Freund, and T. Matsushita, eds., Proc. SPIE 4500, 12–23 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Feldhaus, E. L. Saldin, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “Possible application of x-ray optical elements for reducing the spectral bandwidth of an x-ray SASE FEL,” Opt. Commun. 140, 341–352 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. B. Schroeder, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Arthur, and P. Emma, “Chirped-beam two-stage free-electron laser for high-power femtosecond x-ray pulse generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1782–1789 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. W. Adams, “Manipulation and detection of x rays on the femtosecond time scale,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1632–1636 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Krzywinski, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “A new method for ultrashort electron pulse-shape measurement using synchrotron radiation from a bending magnet,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 401, 429–441 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Catravas, W. P. Leemans, J. S. Wurtele, M. S. Zolotorev, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, Z. Segalov, X.-J. Wang, and V. Yakimenko, “Measurement of electron-beam bunch length and emittance using shot-noise-driven fluctuations in incoherent radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5261–5264 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Yabashi, K. Tamasaku, and T. Ishikawa, “Measurement of x-ray pulse widths by intensity interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 244801 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. E. Ikonen, “Interference effects between independent gamma rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2759–2761 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. Ikonen, “Applications related to maximum intensity correlation of hard x rays,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 065802 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Ikonen and R. Rüffer, “Correlated gamma rays in synchrotron radiation,” Hyperfine Interact. 92, 1089–1094 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Kunimune, Y. Yoda, K. Izumi, M. Yabashi, X. Zhang, T. Harami, M. Ando, and S. Kikuta, “Two-photon correlations in x rays from a synchrotron radiation source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 4, 199–203 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. E. Gluskin, E. E. Alp, I. McNulty, W. Sturhahn, and J. Sutter, “A classical Hanbury Brown–Twiss experiment with hard x rays,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 6, 1065–1066 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Yabashi, K. Tamasaku, and T. Ishikawa, “Characterization of the transverse coherence of hard synchrotron radiation by intensity interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 140801 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. R. Bonifacio, L. De Salvo, P. Pierini, N. Piovella, and C. Pellegrini, “Spectrum, temporal structure, and fluctuations in a high-gain free-electron laser starting from noise,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 70–73 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Gyulassy, S. K. Kaufmann, and L. W. Wilson, “Pion interferometry of nuclear collisions. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. C 20, 2267–2292 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Alexander, I. Cohen, and E. Levin, “The dependence of the emission size on the hadron mass,” Phys. Lett. B 452, 159–162 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, Cambridge, England, 1995).
  20. T. Hara, M. Yabashi, T. Tanaka, T. Bizen, S. Goto, X. M. Marechal, T. Seike, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “The brightest x-ray source: a very long undulator at SPring-8,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1125–1128 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (5)

C. B. Schroeder, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Arthur, and P. Emma, “Chirped-beam two-stage free-electron laser for high-power femtosecond x-ray pulse generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1782–1789 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. W. Adams, “Manipulation and detection of x rays on the femtosecond time scale,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1632–1636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Yabashi, K. Tamasaku, and T. Ishikawa, “Measurement of x-ray pulse widths by intensity interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 244801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ikonen, “Applications related to maximum intensity correlation of hard x rays,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 065802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Hara, M. Yabashi, T. Tanaka, T. Bizen, S. Goto, X. M. Marechal, T. Seike, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “The brightest x-ray source: a very long undulator at SPring-8,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1125–1128 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. Yabashi, K. Tamasaku, and T. Ishikawa, “Characterization of the transverse coherence of hard synchrotron radiation by intensity interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 140801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Shintake, H. Matsumoto, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “SPring-8 compact SASE source (SCSS),” in Optics for Fourth-Generation X-Ray Sources, R. O. Tatchyn, A. K. Freund, and T. Matsushita, eds., Proc. SPIE 4500, 12–23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

P. Catravas, W. P. Leemans, J. S. Wurtele, M. S. Zolotorev, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, Z. Segalov, X.-J. Wang, and V. Yakimenko, “Measurement of electron-beam bunch length and emittance using shot-noise-driven fluctuations in incoherent radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5261–5264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Gluskin, E. E. Alp, I. McNulty, W. Sturhahn, and J. Sutter, “A classical Hanbury Brown–Twiss experiment with hard x rays,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 6, 1065–1066 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Alexander, I. Cohen, and E. Levin, “The dependence of the emission size on the hadron mass,” Phys. Lett. B 452, 159–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

Y. Kunimune, Y. Yoda, K. Izumi, M. Yabashi, X. Zhang, T. Harami, M. Ando, and S. Kikuta, “Two-photon correlations in x rays from a synchrotron radiation source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 4, 199–203 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Feldhaus, E. L. Saldin, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “Possible application of x-ray optical elements for reducing the spectral bandwidth of an x-ray SASE FEL,” Opt. Commun. 140, 341–352 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Krzywinski, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “A new method for ultrashort electron pulse-shape measurement using synchrotron radiation from a bending magnet,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 401, 429–441 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

E. Ikonen and R. Rüffer, “Correlated gamma rays in synchrotron radiation,” Hyperfine Interact. 92, 1089–1094 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Bonifacio, L. De Salvo, P. Pierini, N. Piovella, and C. Pellegrini, “Spectrum, temporal structure, and fluctuations in a high-gain free-electron laser starting from noise,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 70–73 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

E. Ikonen, “Interference effects between independent gamma rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2759–2761 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

M. Gyulassy, S. K. Kaufmann, and L. W. Wilson, “Pion interferometry of nuclear collisions. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. C 20, 2267–2292 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Adams, B. W.

B. W. Adams, “Manipulation and detection of x rays on the femtosecond time scale,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1632–1636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, G.

G. Alexander, I. Cohen, and E. Levin, “The dependence of the emission size on the hadron mass,” Phys. Lett. B 452, 159–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Alp, E. E.

E. Gluskin, E. E. Alp, I. McNulty, W. Sturhahn, and J. Sutter, “A classical Hanbury Brown–Twiss experiment with hard x rays,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 6, 1065–1066 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ando, M.

Y. Kunimune, Y. Yoda, K. Izumi, M. Yabashi, X. Zhang, T. Harami, M. Ando, and S. Kikuta, “Two-photon correlations in x rays from a synchrotron radiation source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 4, 199–203 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arthur, J.

Babzien, M.

P. Catravas, W. P. Leemans, J. S. Wurtele, M. S. Zolotorev, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, Z. Segalov, X.-J. Wang, and V. Yakimenko, “Measurement of electron-beam bunch length and emittance using shot-noise-driven fluctuations in incoherent radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5261–5264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ben-Zvi, I.

P. Catravas, W. P. Leemans, J. S. Wurtele, M. S. Zolotorev, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, Z. Segalov, X.-J. Wang, and V. Yakimenko, “Measurement of electron-beam bunch length and emittance using shot-noise-driven fluctuations in incoherent radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5261–5264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bizen, T.

T. Hara, M. Yabashi, T. Tanaka, T. Bizen, S. Goto, X. M. Marechal, T. Seike, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “The brightest x-ray source: a very long undulator at SPring-8,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1125–1128 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bonifacio, R.

R. Bonifacio, L. De Salvo, P. Pierini, N. Piovella, and C. Pellegrini, “Spectrum, temporal structure, and fluctuations in a high-gain free-electron laser starting from noise,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 70–73 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Catravas, P.

P. Catravas, W. P. Leemans, J. S. Wurtele, M. S. Zolotorev, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, Z. Segalov, X.-J. Wang, and V. Yakimenko, “Measurement of electron-beam bunch length and emittance using shot-noise-driven fluctuations in incoherent radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5261–5264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, I.

G. Alexander, I. Cohen, and E. Levin, “The dependence of the emission size on the hadron mass,” Phys. Lett. B 452, 159–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

De Salvo, L.

R. Bonifacio, L. De Salvo, P. Pierini, N. Piovella, and C. Pellegrini, “Spectrum, temporal structure, and fluctuations in a high-gain free-electron laser starting from noise,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 70–73 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emma, P.

Feldhaus, J.

J. Feldhaus, E. L. Saldin, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “Possible application of x-ray optical elements for reducing the spectral bandwidth of an x-ray SASE FEL,” Opt. Commun. 140, 341–352 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gluskin, E.

E. Gluskin, E. E. Alp, I. McNulty, W. Sturhahn, and J. Sutter, “A classical Hanbury Brown–Twiss experiment with hard x rays,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 6, 1065–1066 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Goto, S.

T. Hara, M. Yabashi, T. Tanaka, T. Bizen, S. Goto, X. M. Marechal, T. Seike, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “The brightest x-ray source: a very long undulator at SPring-8,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1125–1128 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gyulassy, M.

M. Gyulassy, S. K. Kaufmann, and L. W. Wilson, “Pion interferometry of nuclear collisions. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. C 20, 2267–2292 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hara, T.

T. Hara, M. Yabashi, T. Tanaka, T. Bizen, S. Goto, X. M. Marechal, T. Seike, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “The brightest x-ray source: a very long undulator at SPring-8,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1125–1128 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Harami, T.

Y. Kunimune, Y. Yoda, K. Izumi, M. Yabashi, X. Zhang, T. Harami, M. Ando, and S. Kikuta, “Two-photon correlations in x rays from a synchrotron radiation source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 4, 199–203 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikonen, E.

E. Ikonen, “Applications related to maximum intensity correlation of hard x rays,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 065802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Ikonen and R. Rüffer, “Correlated gamma rays in synchrotron radiation,” Hyperfine Interact. 92, 1089–1094 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Ikonen, “Interference effects between independent gamma rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2759–2761 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, T.

T. Hara, M. Yabashi, T. Tanaka, T. Bizen, S. Goto, X. M. Marechal, T. Seike, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “The brightest x-ray source: a very long undulator at SPring-8,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1125–1128 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Yabashi, K. Tamasaku, and T. Ishikawa, “Measurement of x-ray pulse widths by intensity interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 244801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Shintake, H. Matsumoto, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “SPring-8 compact SASE source (SCSS),” in Optics for Fourth-Generation X-Ray Sources, R. O. Tatchyn, A. K. Freund, and T. Matsushita, eds., Proc. SPIE 4500, 12–23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Yabashi, K. Tamasaku, and T. Ishikawa, “Characterization of the transverse coherence of hard synchrotron radiation by intensity interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 140801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Izumi, K.

Y. Kunimune, Y. Yoda, K. Izumi, M. Yabashi, X. Zhang, T. Harami, M. Ando, and S. Kikuta, “Two-photon correlations in x rays from a synchrotron radiation source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 4, 199–203 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaufmann, S. K.

M. Gyulassy, S. K. Kaufmann, and L. W. Wilson, “Pion interferometry of nuclear collisions. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. C 20, 2267–2292 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kikuta, S.

Y. Kunimune, Y. Yoda, K. Izumi, M. Yabashi, X. Zhang, T. Harami, M. Ando, and S. Kikuta, “Two-photon correlations in x rays from a synchrotron radiation source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 4, 199–203 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kitamura, H.

T. Hara, M. Yabashi, T. Tanaka, T. Bizen, S. Goto, X. M. Marechal, T. Seike, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “The brightest x-ray source: a very long undulator at SPring-8,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1125–1128 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Shintake, H. Matsumoto, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “SPring-8 compact SASE source (SCSS),” in Optics for Fourth-Generation X-Ray Sources, R. O. Tatchyn, A. K. Freund, and T. Matsushita, eds., Proc. SPIE 4500, 12–23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Krzywinski, J.

J. Krzywinski, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “A new method for ultrashort electron pulse-shape measurement using synchrotron radiation from a bending magnet,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 401, 429–441 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kunimune, Y.

Y. Kunimune, Y. Yoda, K. Izumi, M. Yabashi, X. Zhang, T. Harami, M. Ando, and S. Kikuta, “Two-photon correlations in x rays from a synchrotron radiation source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 4, 199–203 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leemans, W. P.

P. Catravas, W. P. Leemans, J. S. Wurtele, M. S. Zolotorev, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, Z. Segalov, X.-J. Wang, and V. Yakimenko, “Measurement of electron-beam bunch length and emittance using shot-noise-driven fluctuations in incoherent radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5261–5264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Levin, E.

G. Alexander, I. Cohen, and E. Levin, “The dependence of the emission size on the hadron mass,” Phys. Lett. B 452, 159–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marechal, X. M.

T. Hara, M. Yabashi, T. Tanaka, T. Bizen, S. Goto, X. M. Marechal, T. Seike, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “The brightest x-ray source: a very long undulator at SPring-8,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1125–1128 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, H.

T. Shintake, H. Matsumoto, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “SPring-8 compact SASE source (SCSS),” in Optics for Fourth-Generation X-Ray Sources, R. O. Tatchyn, A. K. Freund, and T. Matsushita, eds., Proc. SPIE 4500, 12–23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

McNulty, I.

E. Gluskin, E. E. Alp, I. McNulty, W. Sturhahn, and J. Sutter, “A classical Hanbury Brown–Twiss experiment with hard x rays,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 6, 1065–1066 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pellegrini, C.

C. B. Schroeder, C. Pellegrini, S. Reiche, J. Arthur, and P. Emma, “Chirped-beam two-stage free-electron laser for high-power femtosecond x-ray pulse generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1782–1789 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Bonifacio, L. De Salvo, P. Pierini, N. Piovella, and C. Pellegrini, “Spectrum, temporal structure, and fluctuations in a high-gain free-electron laser starting from noise,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 70–73 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pierini, P.

R. Bonifacio, L. De Salvo, P. Pierini, N. Piovella, and C. Pellegrini, “Spectrum, temporal structure, and fluctuations in a high-gain free-electron laser starting from noise,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 70–73 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piovella, N.

R. Bonifacio, L. De Salvo, P. Pierini, N. Piovella, and C. Pellegrini, “Spectrum, temporal structure, and fluctuations in a high-gain free-electron laser starting from noise,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 70–73 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reiche, S.

Rüffer, R.

E. Ikonen and R. Rüffer, “Correlated gamma rays in synchrotron radiation,” Hyperfine Interact. 92, 1089–1094 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Saldin, E. L.

J. Krzywinski, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “A new method for ultrashort electron pulse-shape measurement using synchrotron radiation from a bending magnet,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 401, 429–441 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Feldhaus, E. L. Saldin, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “Possible application of x-ray optical elements for reducing the spectral bandwidth of an x-ray SASE FEL,” Opt. Commun. 140, 341–352 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, J. R.

J. Feldhaus, E. L. Saldin, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “Possible application of x-ray optical elements for reducing the spectral bandwidth of an x-ray SASE FEL,” Opt. Commun. 140, 341–352 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schneidmiller, E. A.

J. Feldhaus, E. L. Saldin, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “Possible application of x-ray optical elements for reducing the spectral bandwidth of an x-ray SASE FEL,” Opt. Commun. 140, 341–352 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Krzywinski, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “A new method for ultrashort electron pulse-shape measurement using synchrotron radiation from a bending magnet,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 401, 429–441 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, C. B.

Segalov, Z.

P. Catravas, W. P. Leemans, J. S. Wurtele, M. S. Zolotorev, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, Z. Segalov, X.-J. Wang, and V. Yakimenko, “Measurement of electron-beam bunch length and emittance using shot-noise-driven fluctuations in incoherent radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5261–5264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Seike, T.

T. Hara, M. Yabashi, T. Tanaka, T. Bizen, S. Goto, X. M. Marechal, T. Seike, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “The brightest x-ray source: a very long undulator at SPring-8,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1125–1128 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shintake, T.

T. Shintake, H. Matsumoto, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “SPring-8 compact SASE source (SCSS),” in Optics for Fourth-Generation X-Ray Sources, R. O. Tatchyn, A. K. Freund, and T. Matsushita, eds., Proc. SPIE 4500, 12–23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sturhahn, W.

E. Gluskin, E. E. Alp, I. McNulty, W. Sturhahn, and J. Sutter, “A classical Hanbury Brown–Twiss experiment with hard x rays,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 6, 1065–1066 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, J.

E. Gluskin, E. E. Alp, I. McNulty, W. Sturhahn, and J. Sutter, “A classical Hanbury Brown–Twiss experiment with hard x rays,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 6, 1065–1066 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tamasaku, K.

T. Hara, M. Yabashi, T. Tanaka, T. Bizen, S. Goto, X. M. Marechal, T. Seike, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “The brightest x-ray source: a very long undulator at SPring-8,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1125–1128 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Yabashi, K. Tamasaku, and T. Ishikawa, “Measurement of x-ray pulse widths by intensity interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 244801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yabashi, K. Tamasaku, and T. Ishikawa, “Characterization of the transverse coherence of hard synchrotron radiation by intensity interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 140801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, T.

T. Hara, M. Yabashi, T. Tanaka, T. Bizen, S. Goto, X. M. Marechal, T. Seike, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “The brightest x-ray source: a very long undulator at SPring-8,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1125–1128 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.-J.

P. Catravas, W. P. Leemans, J. S. Wurtele, M. S. Zolotorev, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, Z. Segalov, X.-J. Wang, and V. Yakimenko, “Measurement of electron-beam bunch length and emittance using shot-noise-driven fluctuations in incoherent radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5261–5264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, L. W.

M. Gyulassy, S. K. Kaufmann, and L. W. Wilson, “Pion interferometry of nuclear collisions. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. C 20, 2267–2292 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wurtele, J. S.

P. Catravas, W. P. Leemans, J. S. Wurtele, M. S. Zolotorev, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, Z. Segalov, X.-J. Wang, and V. Yakimenko, “Measurement of electron-beam bunch length and emittance using shot-noise-driven fluctuations in incoherent radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5261–5264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yabashi, M.

M. Yabashi, K. Tamasaku, and T. Ishikawa, “Measurement of x-ray pulse widths by intensity interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 244801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hara, M. Yabashi, T. Tanaka, T. Bizen, S. Goto, X. M. Marechal, T. Seike, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “The brightest x-ray source: a very long undulator at SPring-8,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1125–1128 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Yabashi, K. Tamasaku, and T. Ishikawa, “Characterization of the transverse coherence of hard synchrotron radiation by intensity interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 140801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kunimune, Y. Yoda, K. Izumi, M. Yabashi, X. Zhang, T. Harami, M. Ando, and S. Kikuta, “Two-photon correlations in x rays from a synchrotron radiation source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 4, 199–203 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakimenko, V.

P. Catravas, W. P. Leemans, J. S. Wurtele, M. S. Zolotorev, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, Z. Segalov, X.-J. Wang, and V. Yakimenko, “Measurement of electron-beam bunch length and emittance using shot-noise-driven fluctuations in incoherent radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5261–5264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoda, Y.

Y. Kunimune, Y. Yoda, K. Izumi, M. Yabashi, X. Zhang, T. Harami, M. Ando, and S. Kikuta, “Two-photon correlations in x rays from a synchrotron radiation source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 4, 199–203 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yurkov, M.

J. Feldhaus, E. L. Saldin, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “Possible application of x-ray optical elements for reducing the spectral bandwidth of an x-ray SASE FEL,” Opt. Commun. 140, 341–352 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Krzywinski, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “A new method for ultrashort electron pulse-shape measurement using synchrotron radiation from a bending magnet,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 401, 429–441 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Y. Kunimune, Y. Yoda, K. Izumi, M. Yabashi, X. Zhang, T. Harami, M. Ando, and S. Kikuta, “Two-photon correlations in x rays from a synchrotron radiation source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 4, 199–203 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zolotorev, M. S.

P. Catravas, W. P. Leemans, J. S. Wurtele, M. S. Zolotorev, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, Z. Segalov, X.-J. Wang, and V. Yakimenko, “Measurement of electron-beam bunch length and emittance using shot-noise-driven fluctuations in incoherent radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5261–5264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hyperfine Interact. (1)

E. Ikonen and R. Rüffer, “Correlated gamma rays in synchrotron radiation,” Hyperfine Interact. 92, 1089–1094 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Synchrotron Radiat. (2)

Y. Kunimune, Y. Yoda, K. Izumi, M. Yabashi, X. Zhang, T. Harami, M. Ando, and S. Kikuta, “Two-photon correlations in x rays from a synchrotron radiation source,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 4, 199–203 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Gluskin, E. E. Alp, I. McNulty, W. Sturhahn, and J. Sutter, “A classical Hanbury Brown–Twiss experiment with hard x rays,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 6, 1065–1066 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

J. Krzywinski, E. L. Saldin, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “A new method for ultrashort electron pulse-shape measurement using synchrotron radiation from a bending magnet,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 401, 429–441 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Feldhaus, E. L. Saldin, J. R. Schneider, E. A. Schneidmiller, and M. Yurkov, “Possible application of x-ray optical elements for reducing the spectral bandwidth of an x-ray SASE FEL,” Opt. Commun. 140, 341–352 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Lett. B (1)

G. Alexander, I. Cohen, and E. Levin, “The dependence of the emission size on the hadron mass,” Phys. Lett. B 452, 159–162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

E. Ikonen, “Applications related to maximum intensity correlation of hard x rays,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 065802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. C (1)

M. Gyulassy, S. K. Kaufmann, and L. W. Wilson, “Pion interferometry of nuclear collisions. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. C 20, 2267–2292 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

M. Yabashi, K. Tamasaku, and T. Ishikawa, “Characterization of the transverse coherence of hard synchrotron radiation by intensity interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 140801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bonifacio, L. De Salvo, P. Pierini, N. Piovella, and C. Pellegrini, “Spectrum, temporal structure, and fluctuations in a high-gain free-electron laser starting from noise,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 70–73 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Catravas, W. P. Leemans, J. S. Wurtele, M. S. Zolotorev, M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, Z. Segalov, X.-J. Wang, and V. Yakimenko, “Measurement of electron-beam bunch length and emittance using shot-noise-driven fluctuations in incoherent radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5261–5264 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Yabashi, K. Tamasaku, and T. Ishikawa, “Measurement of x-ray pulse widths by intensity interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 244801 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ikonen, “Interference effects between independent gamma rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2759–2761 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. Shintake, H. Matsumoto, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “SPring-8 compact SASE source (SCSS),” in Optics for Fourth-Generation X-Ray Sources, R. O. Tatchyn, A. K. Freund, and T. Matsushita, eds., Proc. SPIE 4500, 12–23 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

B. W. Adams, “Manipulation and detection of x rays on the femtosecond time scale,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1632–1636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Hara, M. Yabashi, T. Tanaka, T. Bizen, S. Goto, X. M. Marechal, T. Seike, K. Tamasaku, T. Ishikawa, and H. Kitamura, “The brightest x-ray source: a very long undulator at SPring-8,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 1125–1128 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, Cambridge, England, 1995).

J. Arthur, “Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) conceptual design report,” Stanford Linear Acceleration Center Rep. SLAC-R-593 (Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 2002).

G. Materlink and Th. Tschentscher, eds., “Tesla, technical design report,” Part V (2001), http://tesla.desy.de/new_pages/TDR_CD/start.html.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Equations (26)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I(r)=I0{1+cos[(k1-k2)·r+Δφ]}
I(r)I(r)Δφ=I021+12 cos[(k1-k2)·(r-r)]
J(r, t)=j=1NJ0(r-rj, t-tj)+j=1NnjJ0(r-rj, t-tj),
ϱ(rj, tj)=g(xj; sx2)g(yj; sy2)g(tj; st2/c2)h(zj),
vk=J˜0(k)j=1N exp(ik·rj-iωtj)
ρˆ=j=1Nd3rjdtjϱ(rj, tj)|{vk}{vk}|.
PS(k1, k2)=Tr{ρˆaˆk1aˆk2aˆk2aˆk1}=j=1Nd3rjdtjϱ(rj, tj)|vk1|2|vk2|2,
ϱ˜(Δk)=d3rjdtjϱ(rj, tj)exp(iΔk·rj-iΔωtj),
PS(k1, k2)=|J˜0(k1)|2|J˜0(k2)|2×[N2+N(N-1)|ϱ˜(Δk)|2],
|ϱ˜(Δk)|2=exp[-(Δkxsx)2-(Δkysy)2-(Δkzst)2]/[1+(Δkzsm)2].
CS=|J˜0(k0)|4[N2+N(N-1)×d3k1d3k2w(k1)w(k2)|ϱ˜(Δk)|2],
R=CS/CB-1=(1-1/N)π(σt/sm)×exp(r2)erfc(r)f(dx/lx)f(dy/ly),
f(q)=π  erf(q)/q-[1-exp(-q2)]/q2,
ρˆ={nj}P({nj})j=1Nd3rjdtjϱ(rj, tj)|{vk}{vk}|,
N=j=1Nnj22j=1Nnj4,
PS(k1, k2)PB(k1, k2)-1=|ϱ˜(Δk)|2+2  Re{ϱ˜(Δk)ϱ˜(Δk)*-|ϱ˜(Δk)|2},
=|J˜0(k0)|2j=1Nnj2|J˜0(k0)|2N1
(R-R0)/R0=2{[f(q/2)]2-[f(q)]2}/[f(q)]2,
vkj=J˜0(k)exp(ik·rj-iωtj),
vkj=njJ˜0(k)exp(ik·rj-jωtj).
PS(k1, k2)={nj}P({nj})×j=1Nj=1Nd3rjdtjd3rjdtjϱ(rj, tj)×ϱ(rj, tj)|vk1|2|vk2|2.
S3rd+4th=Nj=1Nnj2[|J˜0(k1)|2|J˜0(k2)|2+|J˜0(k1)|2|J˜0(k2)|2].
S5th+6th=Nj=1Nnj2[J˜0(k1)J˜0(k1)*J˜0(k2)×J˜0(k2)*ϱ˜(Δk)ϱ˜(Δk)*+c.c.],
PS(k1, k2)=PB(k1, k2)+N2|J˜0(k0)|4[|ϱ˜(Δk)|2+2{nj}Re{ϱ˜(Δk)ϱ˜(Δk)*}+{nj}2|ϱ˜(Δk)|2],
{nj}=|J˜0(k0)|2j=1Nnj2|J˜0(k0)|2N,
PB(k1, k2)=N2|J˜0(k0)|4(1+2{nj}+{nj}2)

Metrics