Abstract

We demonstrate a technique for correcting arbitrary spectral-phase aberrations in a single iteration with no reference pulse. By utilizing spectral-phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction and a programmable liquid-crystal spatial light modulator, we have achieved compression of complex pulse shapes from nearly picosecond extent down to 70 fs.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Backus, C. G. Durfee III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Yelin, D. Meshulach, and Y. Silberberg, “Adaptive femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1793–1795 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Baumert, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571–579 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. Zeek, K. Maginnis, S. Backus, U. Russek, M. Murnane, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, and G. Vdovin, “Pulse compression by use of deformable mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 24, 493–495 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. N. Fittinghoff, J. L. Bowie, J. N. Sweetser, R. T. Jennings, M. A. Krumbugel, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. A. Walmsley, “Measurement of the intensity and phase of ultraweak, ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 884–886 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Brixner, A. Oehrlein, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Feedback-controlled femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. B (Suppl.) 70, S119–S124 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Garduño-Majía, A. H. Greenaway, and D. T. Reid, “Designer femtosecond pulses using adaptive optics,” Opt. Express 11, 2030–2040 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Dorrer, F. Salin, F. Verluise, and J. P. Huignard, “Programmable phase control of femtosecond pulses by use of a nonpixelated spatial light modulator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 709–711 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23, 792–794 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. Dorrer, “Implementation of spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction with a simultaneously recorded reference interferogram,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1532–1534 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Jensen and M. E. Anderson, “Measuring ultrashort optical pulses in the presence of noise: an empirical study of the performance of spectral phase interferometry for direct electric field reconstruction,” Appl. Opt. 43, 883–893 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501–509 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. Dorrer and F. Salin, “Characterization of spectral phase modulation by classical and polarization spectral interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2331–2337 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Note that the spectral phase in Fig. 3 (a) appears nearly sinusoidal. This is, we believe, coincidental. Although a high-order wave plate, such as cellophane, would modulate the spectral phase sinusoidally, we observed no modulation when the cellophane was smooth. Indeed, various other phase modulations were observed for different configurations of wrinkled cellophane, this being merely one example.
  20. C. Dorrer, B. d. Beauvoir, C. LeBlanc, S. Ranc, J. P. Rousseau, P. Rousseau, J. P. Chambaret, and F. Salin, “Single-shot real-time characterization of chirped-pulse amplification systems by spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1644–1646 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. D. Silvestri, and U. Keller, “Single-shot kilohertz characterization of ultrashort pulses by spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 28, 281–283 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. C. W. Hillegas, J. X. Tull, D. Goswami, D. Strickland, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond laser pule shaping by use of microsecond radio-frequency pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19, 737–739 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

2000 (2)

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, A. Oehrlein, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Feedback-controlled femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. B (Suppl.) 70, S119–S124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

1998 (5)

1997 (3)

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Yelin, D. Meshulach, and Y. Silberberg, “Adaptive femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1793–1795 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571–579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, M. E.

Assion, A.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

Bardeen, C. J.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Baumert, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

Bowie, J. L.

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, A. Oehrlein, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Feedback-controlled femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. B (Suppl.) 70, S119–S124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carpenter, S. D.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J. P.

d. Beauvoir, B.

DeLong, K. W.

Dorrer, C.

Durfee III, C. G.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

Garduño-Majía, J.

Gerber, G.

T. Brixner, A. Oehrlein, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Feedback-controlled femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. B (Suppl.) 70, S119–S124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goswami, D.

Greenaway, A. H.

Hillegas, C. W.

Huignard, J. P.

Iaconis, C.

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501–509 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23, 792–794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jennings, R. T.

Jensen, S.

Kane, D. J.

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571–579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

Kapteyn, H. C.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kornelis, W.

Krumbugel, M. A.

Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

LeBlanc, C.

Maginnis, K.

Meshulach, D.

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M.

Murnane, M. M.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

Oehrlein, A.

T. Brixner, A. Oehrlein, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Feedback-controlled femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. B (Suppl.) 70, S119–S124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Patel, J. S.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ranc, S.

Reid, D. T.

Rousseau, J. P.

Rousseau, P.

Russek, U.

Salin, F.

Sansone, G.

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y.

Silvestri, S. D.

Strehle, M.

T. Brixner, A. Oehrlein, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Feedback-controlled femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. B (Suppl.) 70, S119–S124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strickland, D.

Sweetser, J. N.

Tisch, J. W. G.

Trebino, R.

Tull, J. X.

Vdovin, G.

Verluise, F.

Vozzi, C.

Walmsley, I. A.

Warren, W. S.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Hillegas, J. X. Tull, D. Goswami, D. Strickland, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond laser pule shaping by use of microsecond radio-frequency pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19, 737–739 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, P. M.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, K. R.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wullert, J. R.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. V.

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yelin, D.

Zeek, E.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (Suppl.) (1)

T. Brixner, A. Oehrlein, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Feedback-controlled femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. B (Suppl.) 70, S119–S124 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, and W. S. Warren, “Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571–579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501–509 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (9)

C. Dorrer, F. Salin, F. Verluise, and J. P. Huignard, “Programmable phase control of femtosecond pulses by use of a nonpixelated spatial light modulator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 709–711 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23, 792–794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. Zeek, K. Maginnis, S. Backus, U. Russek, M. Murnane, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, and G. Vdovin, “Pulse compression by use of deformable mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 24, 493–495 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Fittinghoff, J. L. Bowie, J. N. Sweetser, R. T. Jennings, M. A. Krumbugel, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. A. Walmsley, “Measurement of the intensity and phase of ultraweak, ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 884–886 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Yelin, D. Meshulach, and Y. Silberberg, “Adaptive femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1793–1795 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Dorrer, “Implementation of spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction with a simultaneously recorded reference interferogram,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1532–1534 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Dorrer, B. d. Beauvoir, C. LeBlanc, S. Ranc, J. P. Rousseau, P. Rousseau, J. P. Chambaret, and F. Salin, “Single-shot real-time characterization of chirped-pulse amplification systems by spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1644–1646 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, J. W. G. Tisch, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. D. Silvestri, and U. Keller, “Single-shot kilohertz characterization of ultrashort pulses by spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 28, 281–283 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hillegas, J. X. Tull, D. Goswami, D. Strickland, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond laser pule shaping by use of microsecond radio-frequency pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19, 737–739 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee III, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High power ultrafast lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Note that the spectral phase in Fig. 3 (a) appears nearly sinusoidal. This is, we believe, coincidental. Although a high-order wave plate, such as cellophane, would modulate the spectral phase sinusoidally, we observed no modulation when the cellophane was smooth. Indeed, various other phase modulations were observed for different configurations of wrinkled cellophane, this being merely one example.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of our apparatus with pulse shaper (top) and SPIDER (bottom).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral phase (solid curve) and spectrum (dashed curve) of our laser pulse with a misaligned stretcher (a) before correction and (b) after correction. The inset shows the corresponding temporal intensity calculated from SPIDER.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral phase (solid curve) and spectrum (dashed curve) of our laser pulse passing through cellophane (a) before correction and (b) after correction. The inset shows the corresponding temporal intensity calculated from SPIDER.

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