Abstract

Noncollinear second-harmonic generation (SHG) in a BiB3O6 crystal was investigated. Using a picosecond Nd:YAG laser as the fundamental light source, we achieved two efficient types of noncritical noncollinear SHG. A total reflection technique was employed to make the experimental setup quite simple. The noncollinear SHG efficiency could be as high as 49.2%.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. X. Dou, D. Josse, R. Hierle, and J. Zyss, “Comparison between collinear and noncollinear phase matching for second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in 3-methy-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 687–697 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. C. Mehendale and P. K. Gupta, “Effect of double refraction on type II phase matched second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 68, 301–304 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Sauteret, T. Duvillier, and A. Adolf, “Harmonic generation with noncollinear laser beam, application to pulse stacking,” Opt. Commun. 44, 135–138 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Rempel and R. Rischer, “Second harmonic generation with noncollinear focusing,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 4, 467–472 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Wyatt and E. E. Marinero, “Versatile single-shot background-free pulse duration measurement technique, for pulses of sub-nanosecond to picosecond duration,” Appl. Phys. 25, 297–301 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. R. Zhang, H. R. Choo, and M. C. Downer, “Phase and group velocity matching for second-harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3927–3933 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. A. Giordmaine, “Mixing of light beams in crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 19–20 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Warner, “Phase-matching for optical up-conversion with maximum angular aperture: theory and practice,” Opto-electronics 1, 25–28 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. A. Akhmanov, Nonlinear Optics, Vols. 1A and 1B of Quantum Electronics, H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975).
  10. A. Carenco, J. Jerphagnon, and A. Perigaud, “Nonlinear optical properties of some m-disubstituted benzene derivatives,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 3806–3813 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Trebino, “Second-harmonic-generation rings and refractive-index measurement in uniaxial crystals,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2090–2096 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. A. Wu and H. J. Kimble, “Interference effects in second-harmonic generation within an optical cavity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 697–703 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. C. Bhar and U. Chatterjel, “Analyses of phase-matching for noncollinear three-wave mixing in uniaxial crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1103–1107 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. J. Zhang, T. Kinoshita, and K. Sasaki, “Second-harmonic generation of a new chalcone-type crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 221–223 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. X. Dou, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, “Noncritical properties of noncollinear phase-matched second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in 3-methyl-4-nitropyridine-1-oxide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1732–1739 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Becker, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Top-seeded growth of bismuth triborate, BiB3O6,” J. Cryst. Growth 203, 149–155 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6(BIBO),” Solid State Commun. 109, 249–251 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240–244 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X.-G. Xu, R.-B. Song, C.-L. Du, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,” Opt. Commun. 202, 217–220 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, X.-G. Xu, C.-L. Du, G.-B. Xu, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient third harmonic generation of 1.064μm in BiB3O6 crystal,” Chin. J. Lasers 29, 646 (2002).
  21. C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd: YAG BiBO laser with 2.8-W output power at 473 nm,” Opt. Lett. 28, 432–434 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X.-G. Xu, R.-B. Song, C.-L. Du, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,” Opt. Commun. 202, 217–220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, X.-G. Xu, C.-L. Du, G.-B. Xu, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient third harmonic generation of 1.064μm in BiB3O6 crystal,” Chin. J. Lasers 29, 646 (2002).

2000 (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240–244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

P. Becker, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Top-seeded growth of bismuth triborate, BiB3O6,” J. Cryst. Growth 203, 149–155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6(BIBO),” Solid State Commun. 109, 249–251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

1990 (3)

G. C. Bhar and U. Chatterjel, “Analyses of phase-matching for noncollinear three-wave mixing in uniaxial crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1103–1107 (1990).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Zhang, T. Kinoshita, and K. Sasaki, “Second-harmonic generation of a new chalcone-type crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 221–223 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Zhang, H. R. Choo, and M. C. Downer, “Phase and group velocity matching for second-harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3927–3933 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

S. C. Mehendale and P. K. Gupta, “Effect of double refraction on type II phase matched second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 68, 301–304 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1982 (2)

J. Sauteret, T. Duvillier, and A. Adolf, “Harmonic generation with noncollinear laser beam, application to pulse stacking,” Opt. Commun. 44, 135–138 (1982).
[CrossRef]

C. Rempel and R. Rischer, “Second harmonic generation with noncollinear focusing,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 4, 467–472 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (2)

R. Wyatt and E. E. Marinero, “Versatile single-shot background-free pulse duration measurement technique, for pulses of sub-nanosecond to picosecond duration,” Appl. Phys. 25, 297–301 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, “Second-harmonic-generation rings and refractive-index measurement in uniaxial crystals,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2090–2096 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977 (1)

A. Carenco, J. Jerphagnon, and A. Perigaud, “Nonlinear optical properties of some m-disubstituted benzene derivatives,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 3806–3813 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

J. Warner, “Phase-matching for optical up-conversion with maximum angular aperture: theory and practice,” Opto-electronics 1, 25–28 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. A. Giordmaine, “Mixing of light beams in crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 19–20 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Adolf, A.

J. Sauteret, T. Duvillier, and A. Adolf, “Harmonic generation with noncollinear laser beam, application to pulse stacking,” Opt. Commun. 44, 135–138 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P.

P. Becker, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Top-seeded growth of bismuth triborate, BiB3O6,” J. Cryst. Growth 203, 149–155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bhar, G. C.

G. C. Bhar and U. Chatterjel, “Analyses of phase-matching for noncollinear three-wave mixing in uniaxial crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1103–1107 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bohaty, L.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240–244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6(BIBO),” Solid State Commun. 109, 249–251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Becker, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Top-seeded growth of bismuth triborate, BiB3O6,” J. Cryst. Growth 203, 149–155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carenco, A.

A. Carenco, J. Jerphagnon, and A. Perigaud, “Nonlinear optical properties of some m-disubstituted benzene derivatives,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 3806–3813 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Chatterjel, U.

G. C. Bhar and U. Chatterjel, “Analyses of phase-matching for noncollinear three-wave mixing in uniaxial crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1103–1107 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Choo, H. R.

Czeranowsky, C.

Dou, S. X.

Downer, M. C.

Du, C.-L.

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X.-G. Xu, R.-B. Song, C.-L. Du, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,” Opt. Commun. 202, 217–220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, X.-G. Xu, C.-L. Du, G.-B. Xu, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient third harmonic generation of 1.064μm in BiB3O6 crystal,” Chin. J. Lasers 29, 646 (2002).

Duvillier, T.

J. Sauteret, T. Duvillier, and A. Adolf, “Harmonic generation with noncollinear laser beam, application to pulse stacking,” Opt. Commun. 44, 135–138 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Fu, K.

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X.-G. Xu, R.-B. Song, C.-L. Du, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,” Opt. Commun. 202, 217–220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Giordmaine, J. A.

J. A. Giordmaine, “Mixing of light beams in crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 19–20 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, P. K.

S. C. Mehendale and P. K. Gupta, “Effect of double refraction on type II phase matched second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 68, 301–304 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hellwig, H.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240–244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6(BIBO),” Solid State Commun. 109, 249–251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

Hierle, R.

Huber, G.

Jerphagnon, J.

A. Carenco, J. Jerphagnon, and A. Perigaud, “Nonlinear optical properties of some m-disubstituted benzene derivatives,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 3806–3813 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.-D.

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X.-G. Xu, R.-B. Song, C.-L. Du, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,” Opt. Commun. 202, 217–220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Josse, D.

Kimble, H. J.

Kinoshita, T.

G. J. Zhang, T. Kinoshita, and K. Sasaki, “Second-harmonic generation of a new chalcone-type crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 221–223 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Liebertz, J.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240–244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6(BIBO),” Solid State Commun. 109, 249–251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Becker, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Top-seeded growth of bismuth triborate, BiB3O6,” J. Cryst. Growth 203, 149–155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marinero, E. E.

R. Wyatt and E. E. Marinero, “Versatile single-shot background-free pulse duration measurement technique, for pulses of sub-nanosecond to picosecond duration,” Appl. Phys. 25, 297–301 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Mehendale, S. C.

S. C. Mehendale and P. K. Gupta, “Effect of double refraction on type II phase matched second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 68, 301–304 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Perigaud, A.

A. Carenco, J. Jerphagnon, and A. Perigaud, “Nonlinear optical properties of some m-disubstituted benzene derivatives,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 3806–3813 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Rempel, C.

C. Rempel and R. Rischer, “Second harmonic generation with noncollinear focusing,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 4, 467–472 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rischer, R.

C. Rempel and R. Rischer, “Second harmonic generation with noncollinear focusing,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 4, 467–472 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

G. J. Zhang, T. Kinoshita, and K. Sasaki, “Second-harmonic generation of a new chalcone-type crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 221–223 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sauteret, J.

J. Sauteret, T. Duvillier, and A. Adolf, “Harmonic generation with noncollinear laser beam, application to pulse stacking,” Opt. Commun. 44, 135–138 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.-S.

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X.-G. Xu, R.-B. Song, C.-L. Du, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,” Opt. Commun. 202, 217–220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, X.-G. Xu, C.-L. Du, G.-B. Xu, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient third harmonic generation of 1.064μm in BiB3O6 crystal,” Chin. J. Lasers 29, 646 (2002).

Song, R.-B.

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X.-G. Xu, R.-B. Song, C.-L. Du, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,” Opt. Commun. 202, 217–220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Teng, B.

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, X.-G. Xu, C.-L. Du, G.-B. Xu, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient third harmonic generation of 1.064μm in BiB3O6 crystal,” Chin. J. Lasers 29, 646 (2002).

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X.-G. Xu, R.-B. Song, C.-L. Du, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,” Opt. Commun. 202, 217–220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Wang, J.-Y.

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, X.-G. Xu, C.-L. Du, G.-B. Xu, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient third harmonic generation of 1.064μm in BiB3O6 crystal,” Chin. J. Lasers 29, 646 (2002).

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X.-G. Xu, R.-B. Song, C.-L. Du, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,” Opt. Commun. 202, 217–220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.-P.

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, X.-G. Xu, C.-L. Du, G.-B. Xu, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient third harmonic generation of 1.064μm in BiB3O6 crystal,” Chin. J. Lasers 29, 646 (2002).

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X.-G. Xu, R.-B. Song, C.-L. Du, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,” Opt. Commun. 202, 217–220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Warner, J.

J. Warner, “Phase-matching for optical up-conversion with maximum angular aperture: theory and practice,” Opto-electronics 1, 25–28 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L. A.

Wyatt, R.

R. Wyatt and E. E. Marinero, “Versatile single-shot background-free pulse duration measurement technique, for pulses of sub-nanosecond to picosecond duration,” Appl. Phys. 25, 297–301 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Xu, G.-B.

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, X.-G. Xu, C.-L. Du, G.-B. Xu, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient third harmonic generation of 1.064μm in BiB3O6 crystal,” Chin. J. Lasers 29, 646 (2002).

Xu, X.-G.

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, X.-G. Xu, C.-L. Du, G.-B. Xu, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient third harmonic generation of 1.064μm in BiB3O6 crystal,” Chin. J. Lasers 29, 646 (2002).

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X.-G. Xu, R.-B. Song, C.-L. Du, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,” Opt. Commun. 202, 217–220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G. J.

G. J. Zhang, T. Kinoshita, and K. Sasaki, “Second-harmonic generation of a new chalcone-type crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 221–223 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T. R.

Zyss, J.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Wyatt and E. E. Marinero, “Versatile single-shot background-free pulse duration measurement technique, for pulses of sub-nanosecond to picosecond duration,” Appl. Phys. 25, 297–301 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. J. Zhang, T. Kinoshita, and K. Sasaki, “Second-harmonic generation of a new chalcone-type crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 221–223 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chin. J. Lasers (1)

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, X.-G. Xu, C.-L. Du, G.-B. Xu, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient third harmonic generation of 1.064μm in BiB3O6 crystal,” Chin. J. Lasers 29, 646 (2002).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240–244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Carenco, J. Jerphagnon, and A. Perigaud, “Nonlinear optical properties of some m-disubstituted benzene derivatives,” J. Chem. Phys. 66, 3806–3813 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

P. Becker, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Top-seeded growth of bismuth triborate, BiB3O6,” J. Cryst. Growth 203, 149–155 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. C. Bhar and U. Chatterjel, “Analyses of phase-matching for noncollinear three-wave mixing in uniaxial crystals,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1103–1107 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

S. C. Mehendale and P. K. Gupta, “Effect of double refraction on type II phase matched second harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 68, 301–304 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Sauteret, T. Duvillier, and A. Adolf, “Harmonic generation with noncollinear laser beam, application to pulse stacking,” Opt. Commun. 44, 135–138 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Z.-P. Wang, B. Teng, K. Fu, X.-G. Xu, R.-B. Song, C.-L. Du, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, and Z.-S. Shao, “Efficient second harmonic generation of pulsed laser radiation in BiB3O6 (BIBO) crystal with different phase matching directions,” Opt. Commun. 202, 217–220 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Rempel and R. Rischer, “Second harmonic generation with noncollinear focusing,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 4, 467–472 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opto-electronics (1)

J. Warner, “Phase-matching for optical up-conversion with maximum angular aperture: theory and practice,” Opto-electronics 1, 25–28 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. A. Giordmaine, “Mixing of light beams in crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 19–20 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, “Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6(BIBO),” Solid State Commun. 109, 249–251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. A. Akhmanov, Nonlinear Optics, Vols. 1A and 1B of Quantum Electronics, H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Definition diagram of vector K in the three principal planes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Type I noncollinear SHG PM curves of 1.064 µm: (a) XOY plane, (b) XOZ plane, (c) YOZ plane.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Type II noncollinear SHG PM curves of 1.064 µm: (a) XOY plane, (b) XOZ plane, (c) YOZ plane.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

|deff| distribution corresponding to type I noncollinear SHG PM directions of 1.064 µm: (a) XOY plane, (b) XOZ plane, (c) YOZ plane.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

|deff| distribution corresponding to type II noncollinear SHG PM directions of 1.064 µm: (a) XOY plane, (b) XOZ plane, (c) YOZ plane.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic of the light path for type I NCPM in direction (70°, 110°, 90°) in the YOZ plane.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

SHG conversion efficiency versus input fundamental energy for the type I noncritical noncollinear PM in direction (70°, 110°, 90°) in the YOZ plane.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Schematic of the light path for type I NCPM in direction (68.9°, 111.1°, 90°) in the XOY plane.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

SHG conversion efficiency versus input fundamental energy for type I noncritical noncollinear PM in direction (68.9°, 111.1°, 90°) in the XOY plane.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Special Noncollinear SHG PM Directions

Metrics