Abstract

We describe optical parametric oscillators (OPOs) operating at a 10-GHz repetition rate, synchronously pumped with a 2-W 10-GHz Nd:YVO4 laser. Unlike in a previously demonstrated 10-GHz OPO, the cavities are nonmonolithic, permitting independent tuning of the signal’s wavelength and repetition rate. We have obtained as much as 353 mW of average signal output power and a tuning range as wide as 154 nm for a signal wavelength that covers the S, C, and L bands for telecom applications. We also discuss the influence of idler feedback and various aspects of monolithic and nonmonolithic multigigahertz OPO designs.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2003 (2)

G. J. Spühler, P. S. Golding, L. Krainer, I. J. Kilburn, P. A. Crosby, M. Brownell, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Novel multi-wavelength source with 25-GHz channel spacing tunable over the C-band,” Electron. Lett. 39, 778–780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Schares, L. Occhi, and G. Guekos, “80–160 GHz mode-locked fiber ring laser synchronized to external optical pulse stream,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1348–1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (7)

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331–1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 38, 225–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Häring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268–1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, J. H. V. Price, A. Malinowski, J. Nilsson, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator driven by a femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1052–1054 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Tamura and K. Sato, “50-GHz repetition-rate, 280-fs pulse generation at 100-mW average power from a mode-locked laser diode externally compressed in a pedestal-free pulse compressor,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1268–1270 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “Optical parametric oscillator based on four-wave mixing in microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1675–1677 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Lecomte, L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. J. P. Dymott, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Optical parametric oscillator with 10-GHz repetition rate and 100-mW average output power in the spectral region near 1.5 μm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1714–1717 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

2000 (3)

A. Robertson, M. E. Klein, M. A. Tremont, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “2.5-GHz repetition rate singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a mode-locked diode oscillator amplifier system,” Opt. Lett. 25, 657–659 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, “A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively FM-mode-locked polarisation-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613–1615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson, “40-GHz actively modelocked polarisation-maintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 36, 411–412 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, “80–200 GHz erbium doped fibre laser using a rational harmonic mode-locking technique,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1370–1372 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1989 (1)

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8, 574–574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20, 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

Andrekson, P. A.

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson, “40-GHz actively modelocked polarisation-maintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 36, 411–412 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Aschwanden, A.

R. Häring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268–1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Asom, M. T.

Aus der Au, J.

T. Südmeyer, J. Aus der Au, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, “Femtosecond fiber-feedback OPO,” Opt. Lett. 26, 304–306 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bakhshi, B.

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson, “40-GHz actively modelocked polarisation-maintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 36, 411–412 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

Boyd, G. D.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G. R.

Brownell, M.

G. J. Spühler, P. S. Golding, L. Krainer, I. J. Kilburn, P. A. Crosby, M. Brownell, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Novel multi-wavelength source with 25-GHz channel spacing tunable over the C-band,” Electron. Lett. 39, 778–780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Burneika, K.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8, 574–574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Butterworth, S. D.

Chiu, T. H.

Clay, R. A.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20, 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Crosby, P. A.

G. J. Spühler, P. S. Golding, L. Krainer, I. J. Kilburn, P. A. Crosby, M. Brownell, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Novel multi-wavelength source with 25-GHz channel spacing tunable over the C-band,” Electron. Lett. 39, 778–780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M. H.

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Parametric generation of tunable light from continuous-wave to femtosecond pulses,” Science 286, 1513–1517 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dymott, M. J. P.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Parametric generation of tunable light from continuous-wave to femtosecond pulses,” Science 286, 1513–1517 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Edelstein, D. C.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, J. F.

Findlay, D.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20, 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Fiorentino, M.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

R. Häring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268–1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Golding, P. S.

G. J. Spühler, P. S. Golding, L. Krainer, I. J. Kilburn, P. A. Crosby, M. Brownell, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Novel multi-wavelength source with 25-GHz channel spacing tunable over the C-band,” Electron. Lett. 39, 778–780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grange, R.

G. J. Spühler, P. S. Golding, L. Krainer, I. J. Kilburn, P. A. Crosby, M. Brownell, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Novel multi-wavelength source with 25-GHz channel spacing tunable over the C-band,” Electron. Lett. 39, 778–780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Guekos, G.

L. Schares, L. Occhi, and G. Guekos, “80–160 GHz mode-locked fiber ring laser synchronized to external optical pulse stream,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1348–1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Haiml, M.

G. J. Spühler, P. S. Golding, L. Krainer, I. J. Kilburn, P. A. Crosby, M. Brownell, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Novel multi-wavelength source with 25-GHz channel spacing tunable over the C-band,” Electron. Lett. 39, 778–780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Häring, R.

R. Häring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268–1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Heine, C.

Hönninger, C.

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ignatavicius, M.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8, 574–574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kabelka, V.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8, 574–574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 831–833 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

G. J. Spühler, P. S. Golding, L. Krainer, I. J. Kilburn, P. A. Crosby, M. Brownell, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Novel multi-wavelength source with 25-GHz channel spacing tunable over the C-band,” Electron. Lett. 39, 778–780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 38, 225–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331–1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Häring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268–1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Lecomte, L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. J. P. Dymott, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Optical parametric oscillator with 10-GHz repetition rate and 100-mW average output power in the spectral region near 1.5 μm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1714–1717 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Südmeyer, J. Aus der Au, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, “Femtosecond fiber-feedback OPO,” Opt. Lett. 26, 304–306 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 831–833 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, and M. T. Asom, “Solid-state low-loss intracavity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: an antiresonant semiconductor Fabry–Perot saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 17, 505–507 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kilburn, I. J.

G. J. Spühler, P. S. Golding, L. Krainer, I. J. Kilburn, P. A. Crosby, M. Brownell, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Novel multi-wavelength source with 25-GHz channel spacing tunable over the C-band,” Electron. Lett. 39, 778–780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. E.

Klimov, I.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 38, 225–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krainer, L.

G. J. Spühler, P. S. Golding, L. Krainer, I. J. Kilburn, P. A. Crosby, M. Brownell, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Novel multi-wavelength source with 25-GHz channel spacing tunable over the C-band,” Electron. Lett. 39, 778–780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 38, 225–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331–1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Lecomte, L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. J. P. Dymott, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Optical parametric oscillator with 10-GHz repetition rate and 100-mW average output power in the spectral region near 1.5 μm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1714–1717 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

Lecomte, S.

S. Lecomte, L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. J. P. Dymott, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Optical parametric oscillator with 10-GHz repetition rate and 100-mW average output power in the spectral region near 1.5 μm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1714–1717 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331–1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lefort, L.

Lucca, A.

Malinowski, A.

Matuschek, N.

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 831–833 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

Morf, R.

Morier-Genoud, F.

R. Häring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268–1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moser, M.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331–1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, “A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively FM-mode-locked polarisation-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613–1615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, “80–200 GHz erbium doped fibre laser using a rational harmonic mode-locking technique,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1370–1372 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

O’Connor, M. V.

Occhi, L.

L. Schares, L. Occhi, and G. Guekos, “80–160 GHz mode-locked fiber ring laser synchronized to external optical pulse stream,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1348–1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

G. J. Spühler, P. S. Golding, L. Krainer, I. J. Kilburn, P. A. Crosby, M. Brownell, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Novel multi-wavelength source with 25-GHz channel spacing tunable over the C-band,” Electron. Lett. 39, 778–780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331–1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 38, 225–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Häring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268–1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Lecomte, L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. J. P. Dymott, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Optical parametric oscillator with 10-GHz repetition rate and 100-mW average output power in the spectral region near 1.5 μm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1714–1717 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Südmeyer, J. Aus der Au, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, “Femtosecond fiber-feedback OPO,” Opt. Lett. 26, 304–306 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46–56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8, 574–574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Price, J. H. V.

Puech, K.

Reali, G.

Richardson, D. J.

Robertson, A.

Ross, G. W.

Sato, K.

Schares, L.

L. Schares, L. Occhi, and G. Guekos, “80–160 GHz mode-locked fiber ring laser synchronized to external optical pulse stream,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1348–1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scheuer, V.

Schibli, T.

Serkland, D. K.

Sharping, J. E.

Shepherd, D. P.

Smith, P. G. R.

Spühler, G. J.

G. J. Spühler, P. S. Golding, L. Krainer, I. J. Kilburn, P. A. Crosby, M. Brownell, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Novel multi-wavelength source with 25-GHz channel spacing tunable over the C-band,” Electron. Lett. 39, 778–780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 38, 225–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stabinis, A.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8, 574–574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Südmeyer, T.

Svirko, Y. P.

Tamura, K. R.

Tang, C. L.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Teisset, C. Y.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 38, 225–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tilsch, M.

Tomaselli, A.

Tremont, M. A.

Tschudi, T.

Wachman, E. S.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Watson, M. A.

Weingarten, K. J.

G. J. Spühler, P. S. Golding, L. Krainer, I. J. Kilburn, P. A. Crosby, M. Brownell, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Novel multi-wavelength source with 25-GHz channel spacing tunable over the C-band,” Electron. Lett. 39, 778–780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 38, 225–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331–1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Lecomte, L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. J. P. Dymott, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Optical parametric oscillator with 10-GHz repetition rate and 100-mW average output power in the spectral region near 1.5 μm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1714–1717 (2002).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, “A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively FM-mode-locked polarisation-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613–1615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, “80–200 GHz erbium doped fibre laser using a rational harmonic mode-locking technique,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1370–1372 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, G. J. Spühler, I. Klimov, C. Y. Teisset, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Tunable picosecond pulse-generating laser with a repetition rate exceeding 10 GHz,” Electron. Lett. 38, 225–227 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Spühler, P. S. Golding, L. Krainer, I. J. Kilburn, P. A. Crosby, M. Brownell, K. J. Weingarten, R. Paschotta, M. Haiml, R. Grange, and U. Keller, “Novel multi-wavelength source with 25-GHz channel spacing tunable over the C-band,” Electron. Lett. 39, 778–780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson, “40-GHz actively modelocked polarisation-maintaining erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 36, 411–412 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, “80–200 GHz erbium doped fibre laser using a rational harmonic mode-locking technique,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1370–1372 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

R. Häring, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268–1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 8, 574–574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, S. Lecomte, M. Moser, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Compact Nd:YVO4 lasers with pulse repetition rates up to 160 GHz,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1331–1338 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAMs) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

L. Schares, L. Occhi, and G. Guekos, “80–160 GHz mode-locked fiber ring laser synchronized to external optical pulse stream,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1348–1350 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa and E. Yoshida, “A 40-GHz 850-fs regeneratively FM-mode-locked polarisation-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1613–1615 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. D (1)

D. C. Hanna, M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, and D. P. Shepherd, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator with diffraction-grating tuning,” J. Phys. D 34, 2440–2454 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (10)

M. V. O’Connor, M. A. Watson, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, J. H. V. Price, A. Malinowski, J. Nilsson, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator driven by a femtosecond mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1052–1054 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Tamura and K. Sato, “50-GHz repetition-rate, 280-fs pulse generation at 100-mW average power from a mode-locked laser diode externally compressed in a pedestal-free pulse compressor,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1268–1270 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “Optical parametric oscillator based on four-wave mixing in microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1675–1677 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Lecomte, L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. J. P. Dymott, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Optical parametric oscillator with 10-GHz repetition rate and 100-mW average output power in the spectral region near 1.5 μm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1714–1717 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. A. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch, and T. Tschudi, “Design and fabrication of double-chirped mirrors,” Opt. Lett. 22, 831–833 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Lefort, K. Puech, S. D. Butterworth, Y. P. Svirko, and D. C. Hanna, “Generation of femtosecond pulses from order-of-magnitude pulse compression in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 24, 28–30 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Serkland and P. Kumar, “Tunable fiber-optic parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 24, 92–94 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Südmeyer, J. Aus der Au, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, P. G. R. Smith, G. W. Ross, and D. C. Hanna, “Femtosecond fiber-feedback OPO,” Opt. Lett. 26, 304–306 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Robertson, M. E. Klein, M. A. Tremont, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “2.5-GHz repetition rate singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a mode-locked diode oscillator amplifier system,” Opt. Lett. 25, 657–659 (2000).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, D. A. B. Miller, G. D. Boyd, T. H. Chiu, J. F. Ferguson, and M. T. Asom, “Solid-state low-loss intracavity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: an antiresonant semiconductor Fabry–Perot saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 17, 505–507 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20, 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

M. H. Dunn and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Parametric generation of tunable light from continuous-wave to femtosecond pulses,” Science 286, 1513–1517 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

R. L. Sutherland, “Optical engineering,” in Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, B. J. Thompson, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996), pp. 119–123.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, “Optical sciences,” in Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, A. E. Siegman, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997), p. 125.

S. Hoogland, A. C. Tropper, and J. S. Roberts, “Soliton operation of a sub-500fs passively mode-locked surface-emitting laser at more than 10 GHz reptition rate,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 89 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), postdeadline paper CThPDC8.

T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, T. Usami, H. Ito, M. Nakamura, K. Kitamura, and D. C. Hanna, “Femtosecond fiber-feedback OPO with 15.5 W average output power based on periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO 3,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, J. J. Zayhowski, ed., Vol. 83 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), pp. 77–81.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup (not to scale) of a 10-GHz nonmonolithic linear cavity OPO with a PPLN nonlinear crystal and a diode-pumped 10-GHz Nd:YVO4 laser. HT, high transmission; HR, high reflection; SESAM, semiconductor saturable absorber; Piezo, piezoelectric transducer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Findlay-Clay analysis for the 50-mm PPLN crystal and a linear OPO cavity. Gain coefficient κ (slope), 0.82 W-1; signal round-trip losses, 1.12%.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Autocorrelation and optical spectra on linear and logarithmic scales with 353-mW signal average output power. SH, second harmonic. The pulse length is 13.9 ps, assuming a sech2 pulse shape. (b), (c) Optical spectrum of signal wave on linear and logarithmic scales, respectively. The spectral width is ≈0.27 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup (not to scale) of a 10-GHz nonmonolithic three-mirror cavity OPO with a PPLN nonlinear crystal and a diode-pumped 10-GHz Nd:YVO4 laser. HT, high transmission; HR, high reflection.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Findlay–Clay analysis for the 50-mm PPLN crystal and the three-mirror OPO cavity. Gain coefficient κ (slope), 0.39 W-1; signal round-trip losses, 0.95%.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Wavelength tuning of the parametric oscillator. By crystal temperature and poling period we can reach any wavelength in the range 1466.1–1620.2 nm. Filled circles, experimental data connected by straight lines. Λ is the grating poling period.

Equations (1)

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κPp,th=L+T.

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