Abstract

Yb-doped Y3Al5O12 (Yb:YAG) single crystals were grown by the Czochralski method. The effects of various Yb3+ concentrations on structural distortion, density, and thermal expansion of Yb:YAG laser crystals are discussed. The fluorescence spectra, fluorescence lifetimes, and color-center absorption spectra of as-grown and annealed Yb:YAG with various doping levels were measured at room temperature. The effects of color centers on the fluorescence intensity and lifetime of Yb:YAG were also investigated.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135–144 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Z. Yang, P. Z. Deng, Z. W. Yin, and Y. L. Tian, “Growth of high-quality single crystal of 30 at. % Yb:YAG and its laser performance,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 348–351 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. B. Hu, B. Teng, C. Q. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 357, 15–19 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. F. Krupke, “Ytterbium solid-state lasers-the first decade,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287–1297 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Lacovara, H. K. Choi, C. A. Wang, R. L. Aggarwal, and T. Y. Fan, “Room-temperature diode-pumped Yb:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1089–1091 (1991).
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    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Q. Yu, Z. J. Wu, and S. Y. Zhang, “Concentration effects of Er3+ ion in YAG:Er laser crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 302, 204–206 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Li, J. Y. Wang, X. F. Cheng, X. B. Hu, P. A. Burns, and J. M. Daves, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 250, 458–462 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. Li, J. Y. Wang, X. F. Cheng, X. B. Hu, P. A. Burns, and J. M. Daves, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 250, 458–462 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

P. Z. Yang, P. Z. Deng, and Z. W. Yin, “Concentration quenching in Yb:YAG,” J. Lumin. 97, 51–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Dascalu, T. Taira, and N. Pavel, “100-W quasi-continuous-wave diode radially pumped microchip composite Yb:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1791–1793 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. B. Hu, B. Teng, C. Q. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 357, 15–19 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135–144 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

P. Z. Yang, P. Z. Deng, Z. W. Yin, and Y. L. Tian, “Growth of high-quality single crystal of 30 at. % Yb:YAG and its laser performance,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 348–351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Krupke, “Ytterbium solid-state lasers-the first decade,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287–1297 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Yu, Z. J. Wu, and S. Y. Zhang, “Concentration effects of Er3+ ion in YAG:Er laser crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 302, 204–206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1991 (1)

Aggarwal, R. L.

Burns, P. A.

J. Li, J. Y. Wang, X. F. Cheng, X. B. Hu, P. A. Burns, and J. M. Daves, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 250, 458–462 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X. F.

J. Li, J. Y. Wang, X. F. Cheng, X. B. Hu, P. A. Burns, and J. M. Daves, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 250, 458–462 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H. K.

Dascalu, T.

Daves, J. M.

J. Li, J. Y. Wang, X. F. Cheng, X. B. Hu, P. A. Burns, and J. M. Daves, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 250, 458–462 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Deng, P. Z.

P. Z. Yang, P. Z. Deng, and Z. W. Yin, “Concentration quenching in Yb:YAG,” J. Lumin. 97, 51–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Z. Yang, P. Z. Deng, Z. W. Yin, and Y. L. Tian, “Growth of high-quality single crystal of 30 at. % Yb:YAG and its laser performance,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 348–351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Equall, R.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135–144 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Honea, E. C.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135–144 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X. B.

J. Li, J. Y. Wang, X. F. Cheng, X. B. Hu, P. A. Burns, and J. M. Daves, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 250, 458–462 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. B. Hu, B. Teng, C. Q. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 357, 15–19 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hutcheson, R.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135–144 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H. D.

H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. B. Hu, B. Teng, C. Q. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 357, 15–19 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

W. F. Krupke, “Ytterbium solid-state lasers-the first decade,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287–1297 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lacovara, P.

Li, J.

J. Li, J. Y. Wang, X. F. Cheng, X. B. Hu, P. A. Burns, and J. M. Daves, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 250, 458–462 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Patel, F. D.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135–144 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pavel, N.

Payne, S. A.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135–144 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Speth, J.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135–144 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sumida, D. S.

Taira, T.

Teng, B.

H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. B. Hu, B. Teng, C. Q. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 357, 15–19 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y. L.

P. Z. Yang, P. Z. Deng, Z. W. Yin, and Y. L. Tian, “Growth of high-quality single crystal of 30 at. % Yb:YAG and its laser performance,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 348–351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. A.

Wang, J. Y.

J. Li, J. Y. Wang, X. F. Cheng, X. B. Hu, P. A. Burns, and J. M. Daves, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 250, 458–462 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. B. Hu, B. Teng, C. Q. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 357, 15–19 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. B. Hu, B. Teng, C. Q. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 357, 15–19 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z. J.

Y. Q. Yu, Z. J. Wu, and S. Y. Zhang, “Concentration effects of Er3+ ion in YAG:Er laser crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 302, 204–206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yang, P. Z.

P. Z. Yang, P. Z. Deng, and Z. W. Yin, “Concentration quenching in Yb:YAG,” J. Lumin. 97, 51–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Z. Yang, P. Z. Deng, Z. W. Yin, and Y. L. Tian, “Growth of high-quality single crystal of 30 at. % Yb:YAG and its laser performance,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 348–351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yin, Z. W.

P. Z. Yang, P. Z. Deng, and Z. W. Yin, “Concentration quenching in Yb:YAG,” J. Lumin. 97, 51–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Z. Yang, P. Z. Deng, Z. W. Yin, and Y. L. Tian, “Growth of high-quality single crystal of 30 at. % Yb:YAG and its laser performance,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 348–351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Yu, Z. J. Wu, and S. Y. Zhang, “Concentration effects of Er3+ ion in YAG:Er laser crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 302, 204–206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C. Q.

H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. B. Hu, B. Teng, C. Q. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 357, 15–19 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. B. Hu, B. Teng, C. Q. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 357, 15–19 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. Y.

Y. Q. Yu, Z. J. Wu, and S. Y. Zhang, “Concentration effects of Er3+ ion in YAG:Er laser crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 302, 204–206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, X. B. Hu, B. Teng, C. Q. Zhang, and P. Wang, “Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 357, 15–19 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 135–144 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. F. Krupke, “Ytterbium solid-state lasers-the first decade,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287–1297 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

Y. Q. Yu, Z. J. Wu, and S. Y. Zhang, “Concentration effects of Er3+ ion in YAG:Er laser crystals,” J. Alloys Compd. 302, 204–206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

J. Li, J. Y. Wang, X. F. Cheng, X. B. Hu, P. A. Burns, and J. M. Daves, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 250, 458–462 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Z. Yang, P. Z. Deng, Z. W. Yin, and Y. L. Tian, “Growth of high-quality single crystal of 30 at. % Yb:YAG and its laser performance,” J. Cryst. Growth 216, 348–351 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

P. Z. Yang, P. Z. Deng, and Z. W. Yin, “Concentration quenching in Yb:YAG,” J. Lumin. 97, 51–54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Lattice parameter and density as a function of Yb3+ concentration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Thermal expansion of Yb:YAG crystals along the 〈111〉 direction as a function of temperature for several Yb3+ doping concentrations.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fluorescence spectra of 5-at. % Yb:YAG.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fluorescence spectra of 25-at. % Yb:YAG.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fluorescence lifetime as a function of Yb3+ concentration.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Absorption spectra of color centers in Yb:YAG crystals.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Cell Parameters and Densities of Yb:YAG Crystalsa

Tables Icon

Table 2 Average Linear Thermal-Expansion Coefficients of Yb:YAG Crystals

Equations (1)

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a=KC(rC)+KA(rA)+KD(rD),

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