Abstract

The modified frequency-domain method was used to simulate the photonic properties of triangular-arrayed rods surrounded by air and possessing nonunity dielectric and magnetic permeability functions. It was found that the photonic bandgap becomes broader for the TE mode when material with higher magnetic permeability and lower dielectric constant is used for rods as compared with that of purely dielectric rods with the same refractive index, whereas the gap is reduced for the TM mode. We further examined the photonic characteristics of the photonic-crystal cavity formed when a point defect is introduced into the rod array. With a fixed refractive index of the rods, the resonant frequency of the TE mode in the first band gap is lower and the electromagnetic energy concentration at the point defect is higher when material with higher magnetic permeability and lower dielectric constant is used for the rods. The opposite was found for the TM mode.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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