J. Laegsgaard and A. Bjarklev, “Photonic crystal fibers with large nonlinear coefficients,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 1–5 (2003).

[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and A. K. Sristava, “Average inversion level, modeling, and physics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 991–1006 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, A. A. M. Saleh, A. K. Srivastava, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Model for gain dynamics in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1490–1491 (1996).

[CrossRef]

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, “Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 271–283 (1991).

[CrossRef]

A. A. Saleh, R. M. Jopson, J. D. Evankow, and J. Aspell, “Modeling of gain in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 2, 714–717 (1990).

[CrossRef]

A. A. Saleh, R. M. Jopson, J. D. Evankow, and J. Aspell, “Modeling of gain in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 2, 714–717 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. Laegsgaard and A. Bjarklev, “Photonic crystal fibers with large nonlinear coefficients,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 1–5 (2003).

[CrossRef]

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, “Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 271–283 (1991).

[CrossRef]

A. A. Saleh, R. M. Jopson, J. D. Evankow, and J. Aspell, “Modeling of gain in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 2, 714–717 (1990).

[CrossRef]

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, “Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 271–283 (1991).

[CrossRef]

A. A. Saleh, R. M. Jopson, J. D. Evankow, and J. Aspell, “Modeling of gain in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 2, 714–717 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. Laegsgaard and A. Bjarklev, “Photonic crystal fibers with large nonlinear coefficients,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 1–5 (2003).

[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, A. A. M. Saleh, A. K. Srivastava, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Model for gain dynamics in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1490–1491 (1996).

[CrossRef]

A. A. Saleh, R. M. Jopson, J. D. Evankow, and J. Aspell, “Modeling of gain in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 2, 714–717 (1990).

[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, A. A. M. Saleh, A. K. Srivastava, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Model for gain dynamics in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1490–1491 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and A. K. Sristava, “Average inversion level, modeling, and physics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 991–1006 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, A. A. M. Saleh, A. K. Srivastava, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Model for gain dynamics in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1490–1491 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, A. A. M. Saleh, A. K. Srivastava, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Model for gain dynamics in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1490–1491 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and A. K. Sristava, “Average inversion level, modeling, and physics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 991–1006 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, A. A. M. Saleh, A. K. Srivastava, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Model for gain dynamics in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1490–1491 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and A. K. Sristava, “Average inversion level, modeling, and physics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 991–1006 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, A. A. M. Saleh, A. K. Srivastava, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Model for gain dynamics in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1490–1491 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, A. A. M. Saleh, A. K. Srivastava, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Model for gain dynamics in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1490–1491 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and A. K. Sristava, “Average inversion level, modeling, and physics of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 991–1006 (1997).

[CrossRef]

A. A. Saleh, R. M. Jopson, J. D. Evankow, and J. Aspell, “Modeling of gain in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 2, 714–717 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. Laegsgaard and A. Bjarklev, “Photonic crystal fibers with large nonlinear coefficients,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 1–5 (2003).

[CrossRef]

C. Mazzali and H. L. Fragnito, “Analysis of background loss influence on EDFA gain dynamics,” Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth European Coference on Optical Communicatios (Madrid, Spain, 1998), pp. 493–494.

This code can be downloaded at www.ifi.unicamp.br/foton/DynamicEDFA.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers, 1st ed. (Wiley, New York, 1994), Section 5.5, p. 379.

Photonic Modules Reference Manual, VPItransmissionMaker (Virtual Photonics, Inc., Holmdel, N.J., 2000), Vol. 1, pp. 8–46–8–54.

Component Library, EDF Dynamic-Analytical Model, OptiSystem 3.0 (Optiwave Corporation, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, 2003), pp. 289–294.

C. Dimopoulos, “Study of dynamic phenomena in WDM optical fiber links and networks based on EDFA,” Ph.D. thesis (University of Essex, Colchester, UK, 2001).