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  1. S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).
  2. F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, K. Sugiyama, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Comparison of independent optical frequency measurements using a portable iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 52, 240–244 (2003).
  3. A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).
  4. L. Robertsson, S. Picard, F.-L. Hong, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, and L.-S. Ma, “International comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers between the BIPM, the NRLM and the BNM–INM, October 2000,” Metrologia 38, 567–572 (2001).
  5. S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, P. Balling, P. Křen, and J.-P. Wallerand, “Comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser at the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1019–1028 (2003).
  6. T. J. Quinn, “Practical realization of the definition of the metre, including recommended radiations of other optical frequency standards (2001),” Metrologia 40, 103–133 (2003).
  7. K. Sugiyama, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, S. N. Slyusarev, T. Ikegami, J. Ishikawa, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency measurement using an ultrafast mode-locked laser at NMIJ/AIST,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, P. Gill, ed. (World Scientific, Singapore, 2002), pp. 427–434.
  8. A. Arie and R. L. Byer, “Laser heterodyne spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1990–1997 (1993).
  9. J. Ye, L. Robertsson, S. Picard, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Absolute frequency atlas of molecular I2 lines at 532 nm,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 544–549 (1999).
  10. F.-L. Hong and J. Ishikawa, “Hyperfine structures of the R(122)35–0 and P(84)33–0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 183, 101–108 (2000).
  11. F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Rotation dependence of the excited-state electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction by high-resolution laser spectroscopy of 127I2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1416–1422 (2001).
  12. F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Vibration dependence of the tensor spin–spin and scalar spin–spin hyperfine interactions by precision measurement of hyperfine structures of 127I2 near 532 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 946–953 (2002).
  13. F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35–0 and P(142)37–0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 212, 89–95 (2002).
  14. Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, and F.-L. Hong, “Accurate frequency atlas of molecular iodine near 532 nm measured by an optical frequency comb generator,” Opt. Commun. 200, 209–215 (2001).
  15. M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Wide-span optical frequency comb generator for accurate optical frequency difference measurement,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693–2701 (1993).
  16. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547–1549 (1996).
  17. M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).
  18. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Optical properties of high-delta air silica microstructure optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 796–798 (2000).
  19. Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568–3571 (1999).
  20. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
  21. J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, “Stabilization and frequency measurement of the I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583–586 (1999).
  22. F.-L. Hong, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, S. Picard, Ch. J. Bordé, and J. L. Hall, “Rotation dependence of electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction in the ground state of molecular iodine by high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 379–387 (2001).
  23. R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (1999).
  24. G. Camy, C. J. Bordé, and M. Ducloy, “Heterodyne saturation spectroscopy through frequency modulation of the saturation beam,” Opt. Commun. 41, 325–330 (1982).
  25. J. H. Shirley, “Modulation transfer processes in optical heterodyne saturation spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 7, 537–539 (1982).
  26. F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).
  27. D. W. Allan, “Statistics of atomic frequency standards,” Proc. IEEE 54, 221–230 (1966).
  28. F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, J. Yoda, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Frequency comparison of 127I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 532–536 (1999).
  29. F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, “Frequency reproducibility of I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” in Laser Frequency Stabilization, Standards, Measurement, and Applications, J. L. Hall and J. Ye, eds., Proc. SPIE 4269, 143–154 (2001).
  30. F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).
  31. N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).
  32. H. J. Foth and F. Spieweck, “Hyperfine structure of the R(98), 58–1 line of 127I2 at 514.5 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347–352 (1979).
  33. Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of 127I2 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5017 Å: I-Main resonances,” J. Physique 42, 1393–1411 (1981).
  34. S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Description of the absorption spectrum of iodine recorded by means of Fourier transform spectroscopy: the (B–X) system,” J. Phys. (Paris) 46, 867–881 (1985).
  35. Ch. J. Bordé, F. Du Burck, and A. N. Goncharov, “A new accurate fit of the hyperfine structure of molecular iodine,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, P. Gill, ed. (World Scientific, Singapore, 2002), pp. 524–526.
  36. J. L. Hall and C. J. Bordé, “Shift and broadening of saturation absorption resonances due to curvature of the laser wave fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 788–790 (1976).

2003 (3)

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, K. Sugiyama, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Comparison of independent optical frequency measurements using a portable iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 52, 240–244 (2003).

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, P. Balling, P. Křen, and J.-P. Wallerand, “Comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser at the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1019–1028 (2003).

T. J. Quinn, “Practical realization of the definition of the metre, including recommended radiations of other optical frequency standards (2001),” Metrologia 40, 103–133 (2003).

2002 (2)

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Vibration dependence of the tensor spin–spin and scalar spin–spin hyperfine interactions by precision measurement of hyperfine structures of 127I2 near 532 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 946–953 (2002).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35–0 and P(142)37–0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 212, 89–95 (2002).

2001 (8)

Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, and F.-L. Hong, “Accurate frequency atlas of molecular iodine near 532 nm measured by an optical frequency comb generator,” Opt. Commun. 200, 209–215 (2001).

A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

L. Robertsson, S. Picard, F.-L. Hong, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, and L.-S. Ma, “International comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers between the BIPM, the NRLM and the BNM–INM, October 2000,” Metrologia 38, 567–572 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Rotation dependence of the excited-state electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction by high-resolution laser spectroscopy of 127I2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1416–1422 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, S. Picard, Ch. J. Bordé, and J. L. Hall, “Rotation dependence of electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction in the ground state of molecular iodine by high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 379–387 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, “Frequency reproducibility of I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” in Laser Frequency Stabilization, Standards, Measurement, and Applications, J. L. Hall and J. Ye, eds., Proc. SPIE 4269, 143–154 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

2000 (4)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).

F.-L. Hong and J. Ishikawa, “Hyperfine structures of the R(122)35–0 and P(84)33–0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 183, 101–108 (2000).

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Optical properties of high-delta air silica microstructure optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 796–798 (2000).

1999 (7)

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568–3571 (1999).

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).

J. Ye, L. Robertsson, S. Picard, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Absolute frequency atlas of molecular I2 lines at 532 nm,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 544–549 (1999).

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, “Stabilization and frequency measurement of the I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583–586 (1999).

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (1999).

N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, J. Yoda, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Frequency comparison of 127I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 532–536 (1999).

1996 (1)

1993 (2)

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Wide-span optical frequency comb generator for accurate optical frequency difference measurement,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693–2701 (1993).

A. Arie and R. L. Byer, “Laser heterodyne spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1990–1997 (1993).

1985 (1)

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Description of the absorption spectrum of iodine recorded by means of Fourier transform spectroscopy: the (B–X) system,” J. Phys. (Paris) 46, 867–881 (1985).

1982 (2)

G. Camy, C. J. Bordé, and M. Ducloy, “Heterodyne saturation spectroscopy through frequency modulation of the saturation beam,” Opt. Commun. 41, 325–330 (1982).

J. H. Shirley, “Modulation transfer processes in optical heterodyne saturation spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 7, 537–539 (1982).

1981 (1)

Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of 127I2 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5017 Å: I-Main resonances,” J. Physique 42, 1393–1411 (1981).

1979 (1)

H. J. Foth and F. Spieweck, “Hyperfine structure of the R(98), 58–1 line of 127I2 at 514.5 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347–352 (1979).

1976 (1)

J. L. Hall and C. J. Bordé, “Shift and broadening of saturation absorption resonances due to curvature of the laser wave fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 788–790 (1976).

1966 (1)

D. W. Allan, “Statistics of atomic frequency standards,” Proc. IEEE 54, 221–230 (1966).

Ahola, T. E.

Allan, D. W.

D. W. Allan, “Statistics of atomic frequency standards,” Proc. IEEE 54, 221–230 (1966).

Arie, A.

Atkin, D. M.

Bagayev, S. N.

A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

Bai, X.

N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).

Balling, P.

Bi, Z.-Y.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

Birks, T. A.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547–1549 (1996).

Bitou, Y.

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, “Frequency reproducibility of I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” in Laser Frequency Stabilization, Standards, Measurement, and Applications, J. L. Hall and J. Ye, eds., Proc. SPIE 4269, 143–154 (2001).

Bordé, C. J.

G. Camy, C. J. Bordé, and M. Ducloy, “Heterodyne saturation spectroscopy through frequency modulation of the saturation beam,” Opt. Commun. 41, 325–330 (1982).

J. L. Hall and C. J. Bordé, “Shift and broadening of saturation absorption resonances due to curvature of the laser wave fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 788–790 (1976).

Bordé, Ch. J.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, S. Picard, Ch. J. Bordé, and J. L. Hall, “Rotation dependence of electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction in the ground state of molecular iodine by high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 379–387 (2001).

Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of 127I2 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5017 Å: I-Main resonances,” J. Physique 42, 1393–1411 (1981).

Byer, R. L.

Camy, G.

G. Camy, C. J. Bordé, and M. Ducloy, “Heterodyne saturation spectroscopy through frequency modulation of the saturation beam,” Opt. Commun. 41, 325–330 (1982).

Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of 127I2 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5017 Å: I-Main resonances,” J. Physique 42, 1393–1411 (1981).

Cao, H.

N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).

Chen, X.

N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).

Decomps, B.

Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of 127I2 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5017 Å: I-Main resonances,” J. Physique 42, 1393–1411 (1981).

Descoubes, J.-P.

Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of 127I2 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5017 Å: I-Main resonances,” J. Physique 42, 1393–1411 (1981).

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).

Ducloy, M.

G. Camy, C. J. Bordé, and M. Ducloy, “Heterodyne saturation spectroscopy through frequency modulation of the saturation beam,” Opt. Commun. 41, 325–330 (1982).

Foth, H. J.

H. J. Foth and F. Spieweck, “Hyperfine structure of the R(98), 58–1 line of 127I2 at 514.5 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347–352 (1979).

Gander, M. J.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).

Gerstenkorn, S.

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Description of the absorption spectrum of iodine recorded by means of Fourier transform spectroscopy: the (B–X) system,” J. Phys. (Paris) 46, 867–881 (1985).

Hall, J. L.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, K. Sugiyama, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Comparison of independent optical frequency measurements using a portable iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 52, 240–244 (2003).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, S. Picard, Ch. J. Bordé, and J. L. Hall, “Rotation dependence of electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction in the ground state of molecular iodine by high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 379–387 (2001).

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, “Stabilization and frequency measurement of the I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583–586 (1999).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, J. Yoda, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Frequency comparison of 127I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 532–536 (1999).

J. Ye, L. Robertsson, S. Picard, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Absolute frequency atlas of molecular I2 lines at 532 nm,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 544–549 (1999).

J. L. Hall and C. J. Bordé, “Shift and broadening of saturation absorption resonances due to curvature of the laser wave fronts,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 788–790 (1976).

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568–3571 (1999).

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (1999).

Holzwarth, R.

A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (1999).

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568–3571 (1999).

Hong, F.-L.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, K. Sugiyama, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Comparison of independent optical frequency measurements using a portable iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 52, 240–244 (2003).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35–0 and P(142)37–0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 212, 89–95 (2002).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Vibration dependence of the tensor spin–spin and scalar spin–spin hyperfine interactions by precision measurement of hyperfine structures of 127I2 near 532 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 946–953 (2002).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Rotation dependence of the excited-state electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction by high-resolution laser spectroscopy of 127I2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1416–1422 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, S. Picard, Ch. J. Bordé, and J. L. Hall, “Rotation dependence of electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction in the ground state of molecular iodine by high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 379–387 (2001).

Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, and F.-L. Hong, “Accurate frequency atlas of molecular iodine near 532 nm measured by an optical frequency comb generator,” Opt. Commun. 200, 209–215 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

L. Robertsson, S. Picard, F.-L. Hong, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, and L.-S. Ma, “International comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers between the BIPM, the NRLM and the BNM–INM, October 2000,” Metrologia 38, 567–572 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, “Frequency reproducibility of I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” in Laser Frequency Stabilization, Standards, Measurement, and Applications, J. L. Hall and J. Ye, eds., Proc. SPIE 4269, 143–154 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

F.-L. Hong and J. Ishikawa, “Hyperfine structures of the R(122)35–0 and P(84)33–0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 183, 101–108 (2000).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, J. Yoda, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Frequency comparison of 127I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 532–536 (1999).

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, “Stabilization and frequency measurement of the I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583–586 (1999).

Ishikawa, J.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, K. Sugiyama, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Comparison of independent optical frequency measurements using a portable iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 52, 240–244 (2003).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35–0 and P(142)37–0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 212, 89–95 (2002).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Vibration dependence of the tensor spin–spin and scalar spin–spin hyperfine interactions by precision measurement of hyperfine structures of 127I2 near 532 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 946–953 (2002).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Rotation dependence of the excited-state electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction by high-resolution laser spectroscopy of 127I2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1416–1422 (2001).

Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, and F.-L. Hong, “Accurate frequency atlas of molecular iodine near 532 nm measured by an optical frequency comb generator,” Opt. Commun. 200, 209–215 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, “Frequency reproducibility of I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” in Laser Frequency Stabilization, Standards, Measurement, and Applications, J. L. Hall and J. Ye, eds., Proc. SPIE 4269, 143–154 (2001).

F.-L. Hong and J. Ishikawa, “Hyperfine structures of the R(122)35–0 and P(84)33–0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 183, 101–108 (2000).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, J. Yoda, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Frequency comparison of 127I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 532–536 (1999).

Jones, D. J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).

Jones, J. D. C.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).

Juncar, P.

L. Robertsson, S. Picard, F.-L. Hong, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, and L.-S. Ma, “International comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers between the BIPM, the NRLM and the BNM–INM, October 2000,” Metrologia 38, 567–572 (2001).

Knight, J. C.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (1999).

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547–1549 (1996).

Kourogi, M.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Wide-span optical frequency comb generator for accurate optical frequency difference measurement,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693–2701 (1993).

Kren, P.

Lu, H.

N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).

Luc, P.

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Description of the absorption spectrum of iodine recorded by means of Fourier transform spectroscopy: the (B–X) system,” J. Phys. (Paris) 46, 867–881 (1985).

Ma, L.-S.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, P. Balling, P. Křen, and J.-P. Wallerand, “Comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser at the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1019–1028 (2003).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, S. Picard, Ch. J. Bordé, and J. L. Hall, “Rotation dependence of electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction in the ground state of molecular iodine by high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 379–387 (2001).

L. Robertsson, S. Picard, F.-L. Hong, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, and L.-S. Ma, “International comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers between the BIPM, the NRLM and the BNM–INM, October 2000,” Metrologia 38, 567–572 (2001).

J. Ye, L. Robertsson, S. Picard, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Absolute frequency atlas of molecular I2 lines at 532 nm,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 544–549 (1999).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, J. Yoda, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Frequency comparison of 127I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 532–536 (1999).

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, “Stabilization and frequency measurement of the I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583–586 (1999).

Matsumoto, H.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, K. Sugiyama, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Comparison of independent optical frequency measurements using a portable iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 52, 240–244 (2003).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35–0 and P(142)37–0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 212, 89–95 (2002).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Vibration dependence of the tensor spin–spin and scalar spin–spin hyperfine interactions by precision measurement of hyperfine structures of 127I2 near 532 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 946–953 (2002).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Rotation dependence of the excited-state electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction by high-resolution laser spectroscopy of 127I2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1416–1422 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, “Frequency reproducibility of I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” in Laser Frequency Stabilization, Standards, Measurement, and Applications, J. L. Hall and J. Ye, eds., Proc. SPIE 4269, 143–154 (2001).

McBride, R.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).

Merimaa, M.

Millerioux, Y.

L. Robertsson, S. Picard, F.-L. Hong, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, and L.-S. Ma, “International comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers between the BIPM, the NRLM and the BNM–INM, October 2000,” Metrologia 38, 567–572 (2001).

Mogilevtsev, D.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).

Nakagawa, K.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Wide-span optical frequency comb generator for accurate optical frequency difference measurement,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693–2701 (1993).

Nevsky, A. Yu.

A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

Nyholm, K.

Ohtsu, M.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Wide-span optical frequency comb generator for accurate optical frequency difference measurement,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693–2701 (1993).

Onae, A.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, K. Sugiyama, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Comparison of independent optical frequency measurements using a portable iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 52, 240–244 (2003).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35–0 and P(142)37–0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 212, 89–95 (2002).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Vibration dependence of the tensor spin–spin and scalar spin–spin hyperfine interactions by precision measurement of hyperfine structures of 127I2 near 532 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 946–953 (2002).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Rotation dependence of the excited-state electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction by high-resolution laser spectroscopy of 127I2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1416–1422 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, “Frequency reproducibility of I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” in Laser Frequency Stabilization, Standards, Measurement, and Applications, J. L. Hall and J. Ye, eds., Proc. SPIE 4269, 143–154 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

Pfister, O.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, “Stabilization and frequency measurement of the I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583–586 (1999).

Picard, S.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, P. Balling, P. Křen, and J.-P. Wallerand, “Comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser at the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1019–1028 (2003).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, S. Picard, Ch. J. Bordé, and J. L. Hall, “Rotation dependence of electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction in the ground state of molecular iodine by high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 379–387 (2001).

L. Robertsson, S. Picard, F.-L. Hong, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, and L.-S. Ma, “International comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers between the BIPM, the NRLM and the BNM–INM, October 2000,” Metrologia 38, 567–572 (2001).

J. Ye, L. Robertsson, S. Picard, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Absolute frequency atlas of molecular I2 lines at 532 nm,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 544–549 (1999).

Pokasov, P. V.

A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

Quinn, T. J.

T. J. Quinn, “Practical realization of the definition of the metre, including recommended radiations of other optical frequency standards (2001),” Metrologia 40, 103–133 (2003).

Ranka, J. K.

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Optical properties of high-delta air silica microstructure optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 796–798 (2000).

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).

Reichert, J.

A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568–3571 (1999).

Riehle, F.

A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

Robertsson, L.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, P. Balling, P. Křen, and J.-P. Wallerand, “Comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser at the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1019–1028 (2003).

L. Robertsson, S. Picard, F.-L. Hong, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, and L.-S. Ma, “International comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers between the BIPM, the NRLM and the BNM–INM, October 2000,” Metrologia 38, 567–572 (2001).

J. Ye, L. Robertsson, S. Picard, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Absolute frequency atlas of molecular I2 lines at 532 nm,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 544–549 (1999).

Russell, P. St. J.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (1999).

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547–1549 (1996).

Schnatz, H.

A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

Shen, N.

N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).

Shirley, J. H.

Skvortsov, M. N.

A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

Spieweck, F.

H. J. Foth and F. Spieweck, “Hyperfine structure of the R(98), 58–1 line of 127I2 at 514.5 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347–352 (1979).

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).

Stentz, A. J.

Sugiyama, K.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, K. Sugiyama, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Comparison of independent optical frequency measurements using a portable iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 52, 240–244 (2003).

Sun, Y.

N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).

Taubman, M.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, “Stabilization and frequency measurement of the I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583–586 (1999).

Tiemann, B.

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, “Stabilization and frequency measurement of the I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583–586 (1999).

Udem, T.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).

Udem, Th.

A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568–3571 (1999).

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (1999).

Vigué, J.

Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of 127I2 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5017 Å: I-Main resonances,” J. Physique 42, 1393–1411 (1981).

von Zanthire, J.

A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

Wadsworth, W. J.

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (1999).

Wallerand, J.-P.

Walther, H.

A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

Windeler, R. S.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Optical properties of high-delta air silica microstructure optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 796–798 (2000).

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).

Xu, C.

N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).

Ye, J.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, K. Sugiyama, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Comparison of independent optical frequency measurements using a portable iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 52, 240–244 (2003).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, S. Picard, Ch. J. Bordé, and J. L. Hall, “Rotation dependence of electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction in the ground state of molecular iodine by high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 379–387 (2001).

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).

J. Ye, L. Robertsson, S. Picard, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Absolute frequency atlas of molecular I2 lines at 532 nm,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 544–549 (1999).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, J. Yoda, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Frequency comparison of 127I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 532–536 (1999).

J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, “Stabilization and frequency measurement of the I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583–586 (1999).

Yoda, J.

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, “Frequency reproducibility of I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” in Laser Frequency Stabilization, Standards, Measurement, and Applications, J. L. Hall and J. Ye, eds., Proc. SPIE 4269, 143–154 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, J. Yoda, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Frequency comparison of 127I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 532–536 (1999).

Zang, E. J.

N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).

Zhang, J.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

Zhang, K.

N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).

Zhang, X.

N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).

Zhang, Y.

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35–0 and P(142)37–0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 212, 89–95 (2002).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Vibration dependence of the tensor spin–spin and scalar spin–spin hyperfine interactions by precision measurement of hyperfine structures of 127I2 near 532 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 946–953 (2002).

Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, and F.-L. Hong, “Accurate frequency atlas of molecular iodine near 532 nm measured by an optical frequency comb generator,” Opt. Commun. 200, 209–215 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, Y. Bitou, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, “Frequency reproducibility of I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” in Laser Frequency Stabilization, Standards, Measurement, and Applications, J. L. Hall and J. Ye, eds., Proc. SPIE 4269, 143–154 (2001).

Zhao, K.

N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).

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J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, “Stabilization and frequency measurement of the I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583–586 (1999).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, J. Yoda, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Frequency comparison of 127I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 532–536 (1999).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001).

N. Shen, E. J. Zang, H. Cao, K. Zhao, H. Lu, X. Zhang, Y. Sun, C. Xu, X. Chen, K. Zhang, and X. Bai, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532nm using a self-made diode-pumped Nd:VVO4-KTP laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 604–607 (1999).

J. Ye, L. Robertsson, S. Picard, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Absolute frequency atlas of molecular I2 lines at 532 nm,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 544–549 (1999).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, K. Sugiyama, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Comparison of independent optical frequency measurements using a portable iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 52, 240–244 (2003).

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Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of 127I2 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5017 Å: I-Main resonances,” J. Physique 42, 1393–1411 (1981).

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L. Robertsson, S. Picard, F.-L. Hong, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, and L.-S. Ma, “International comparison of 127I2-stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers between the BIPM, the NRLM and the BNM–INM, October 2000,” Metrologia 38, 567–572 (2001).

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A. Yu. Nevsky, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. von Zanthire, H. Walther, H. Schnatz, F. Riehle, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, “Frequency comparison and absolute frequency measurement of I2-stabilized lasers at 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 192, 263–272 (2001).

F.-L. Hong, Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, “Hyperfine structure and absolute frequency determination of the R(121)35–0 and P(142)37–0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 212, 89–95 (2002).

Y. Zhang, J. Ishikawa, and F.-L. Hong, “Accurate frequency atlas of molecular iodine near 532 nm measured by an optical frequency comb generator,” Opt. Commun. 200, 209–215 (2001).

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S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000).

R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (1999).

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K. Sugiyama, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, S. N. Slyusarev, T. Ikegami, J. Ishikawa, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Optical frequency measurement using an ultrafast mode-locked laser at NMIJ/AIST,” in Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium on Frequency Standards and Metrology, P. Gill, ed. (World Scientific, Singapore, 2002), pp. 427–434.

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