Abstract

One of the current challenges in laser optics is to take advantage of the resonant modes within particles to obtain high-quality microcavities with low threshold. We present a study of the effect that the internal resonances of individual particles have on the emitted intensity, and demonstrate how optimal tuning of the size and separation of the particles can enhance the quality factor by more than four orders of magnitude. The potential applications of this work on the design of an optimal microcavity and on a random laser are discussed.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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2003 (1)

2002 (3)

J. R. Arias-Gonzalez and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Radiation pressure over dielectric and metallic nanocylinders on surfaces: polarization dependence and plasmon resonance conditions,” Opt. Lett. 27, 2149–2151 (2002).

P. M. Visser, K. Allart, and D. Lenstra, “Dielectric structures with bound modes for microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 056604 (2002).

J. R. Arias-Gonzalez, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, and M. Lester, “Modeling photonic-force microscopy with metallic particles under plasmon eigenmode excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 115402 (2002).

2001 (4)

A. L. Burin, M. A. Ratner, H. Cao, and R. P. H. Chang, “Model for a random laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 215503 (2001).

M. Lester, J. R. Arias-Gonzalez, and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Fundamentals and model of photonic-force microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 26, 707–709 (2001).

Y. Ling, H. Cao, A. L. Burin, M. A. Ratner, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Investigation of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 063808 (2001).

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, “Selective excitation of localized modes in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183903 (2001).

2000 (6)

Q. Li, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode distribution in coherently amplifying random media,” Physica B 296, 78–84 (2000).

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, “Time-dependent theory for random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70–73 (2000).

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, S.-H. Chang, and S. T. Ho, “Transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser action in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 1985–1989 (2000).

H.-J. Moon, Y.-T. Chough, and K. An, “Cylindrical microcavity laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161–3614 (2000).

J. R. Arias-Gonzalez and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Near-field distributions of resonant modes in small dielectric objects on flat surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 25, 782–784 (2000).

G. Zacharakis, N. Papadogiannis, G. Filippidis, and T. G. Papazoglou, “Photon statistics of laserlike emission from polymeric scattering gain media,” Opt. Lett. 25, 923–925 (2000).

1999 (2)

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 162, 241–246 (1999).

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).

1998 (3)

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656–3658 (1998).

T. Wriedt and U. Comberg, “Comparison of computational scattering methods,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 411–423 (1998).

D. W. Vernooy, V. S. Ilchenko, H. Mabuchi, E. W. Streed, and H. J. Kimble, “High-Q measurements of fused-silica microspheres in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 23, 247–249 (1998).

1997 (1)

J. Ripoll, A. Madrazo, and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Scattering of electromagnetic waves from a body over a random rough surface,” Opt. Commun. 142, 173–178 (1997).

1996 (4)

S. John and G. Pang, “Theory of lasing in a multiple-scattering medium,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 3642–3652 (1996).

M. Siddique, R. R. Alfano, G. A. Berger, M. Kempe, and A. Z. Genack, “Time-resolved studies of stimulated emission from colloidal dye solutions,” Opt. Lett. 21, 450–452 (1996).

D. S. Wiersma, “Light diffusion with gain and random lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 4256–4265 (1996).

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777–R1780 (1996).

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).

1992 (2)

1991 (2)

1990 (1)

A. A. Maradudin, T. Michel, A. R. McGurn, and E. R. Mendez, “Enhanced backscattering of light from a random grating,” Ann. Phys. (N.Y.) 203, 255–307 (1990).

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

1984 (1)

1981 (1)

J. F. Owen, P. W. Barber, P. B. Dorain, and R. K. Chang, “Enhancement of fluorescence induced by microstructure resonances of a dielectric fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1075–1078 (1981).

1980 (1)

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, “Observation of structure resonances in the fluorescence spectra from microspheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475–477 (1980).

1968 (1)

V. S. Letokhov, “Generation of light by a scattering medium with negative resonance absorption,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 835–840 (1968).

Alfano, R. R.

Allart, K.

P. M. Visser, K. Allart, and D. Lenstra, “Dielectric structures with bound modes for microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 056604 (2002).

An, K.

H.-J. Moon, Y.-T. Chough, and K. An, “Cylindrical microcavity laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161–3614 (2000).

Arias-Gonzalez, J. R.

Backman, V.

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).

Barber, P. W.

P. R. Conwell, P. W. Barber, and C. K. Rushforth, “Resonant spectra of dielectric spheres,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 62–67 (1984).

J. F. Owen, P. W. Barber, P. B. Dorain, and R. K. Chang, “Enhancement of fluorescence induced by microstructure resonances of a dielectric fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1075–1078 (1981).

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, “Observation of structure resonances in the fluorescence spectra from microspheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475–477 (1980).

Baughman, R. H.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 162, 241–246 (1999).

Benner, R. E.

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, “Observation of structure resonances in the fluorescence spectra from microspheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475–477 (1980).

Berger, G. A.

Box, M. A.

Burin, A. L.

A. L. Burin, M. A. Ratner, H. Cao, and R. P. H. Chang, “Model for a random laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 215503 (2001).

Y. Ling, H. Cao, A. L. Burin, M. A. Ratner, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Investigation of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 063808 (2001).

Campillo, A. J.

Cao, H.

A. L. Burin, M. A. Ratner, H. Cao, and R. P. H. Chang, “Model for a random laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 215503 (2001).

Y. Ling, H. Cao, A. L. Burin, M. A. Ratner, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Investigation of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 063808 (2001).

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, S.-H. Chang, and S. T. Ho, “Transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser action in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 1985–1989 (2000).

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656–3658 (1998).

Chang, R. K.

J. F. Owen, P. W. Barber, P. B. Dorain, and R. K. Chang, “Enhancement of fluorescence induced by microstructure resonances of a dielectric fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1075–1078 (1981).

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, “Observation of structure resonances in the fluorescence spectra from microspheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475–477 (1980).

Chang, R. P. H.

Y. Ling, H. Cao, A. L. Burin, M. A. Ratner, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Investigation of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 063808 (2001).

A. L. Burin, M. A. Ratner, H. Cao, and R. P. H. Chang, “Model for a random laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 215503 (2001).

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656–3658 (1998).

Chang, S.-H.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, S.-H. Chang, and S. T. Ho, “Transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser action in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 1985–1989 (2000).

Chen, Z.

Chough, Y.-T.

H.-J. Moon, Y.-T. Chough, and K. An, “Cylindrical microcavity laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161–3614 (2000).

Comberg, U.

T. Wriedt and U. Comberg, “Comparison of computational scattering methods,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 411–423 (1998).

Conwell, P. R.

Dai, J. Y.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656–3658 (1998).

Dorain, P. B.

J. F. Owen, P. W. Barber, P. B. Dorain, and R. K. Chang, “Enhancement of fluorescence induced by microstructure resonances of a dielectric fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1075–1078 (1981).

Eversole, J. D.

Filippidis, G.

Frolov, S. V.

S. V. Frolov, Z. V. Vardeny, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman, “Laser-like emission in opal photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 162, 241–246 (1999).

Genack, A. Z.

Gomes, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).

Hare, J.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777–R1780 (1996).

D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Splitting of high-Q Mie modes induced by light backscattering in silica microspheres,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1835–1837 (1995).

Haroche, S.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777–R1780 (1996).

D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Splitting of high-Q Mie modes induced by light backscattering in silica microspheres,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1835–1837 (1995).

Ho, K. M.

Q. Li, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode distribution in coherently amplifying random media,” Physica B 296, 78–84 (2000).

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, S.-H. Chang, and S. T. Ho, “Transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser action in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 1985–1989 (2000).

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656–3658 (1998).

Hunter, B. A.

Huston, A. L.

Ilchenko, V. S.

Jiang, X.

X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, “Time-dependent theory for random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70–73 (2000).

John, S.

S. John and G. Pang, “Theory of lasing in a multiple-scattering medium,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 3642–3652 (1996).

S. John, “Localization of light,” Phys. Today 44, 32–40 (1991).

Kempe, M.

Kimble, H. J.

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).

Lefevre-Seguin, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777–R1780 (1996).

D. S. Weiss, V. Sandoghdar, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Splitting of high-Q Mie modes induced by light backscattering in silica microspheres,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1835–1837 (1995).

Lenstra, D.

P. M. Visser, K. Allart, and D. Lenstra, “Dielectric structures with bound modes for microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 056604 (2002).

Lester, M.

J. R. Arias-Gonzalez, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, and M. Lester, “Modeling photonic-force microscopy with metallic particles under plasmon eigenmode excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 115402 (2002).

M. Lester, J. R. Arias-Gonzalez, and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Fundamentals and model of photonic-force microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 26, 707–709 (2001).

Letokhov, V. S.

V. S. Letokhov, “Generation of light by a scattering medium with negative resonance absorption,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 835–840 (1968).

Li, Q.

Q. Li, K. M. Ho, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Mode distribution in coherently amplifying random media,” Physica B 296, 78–84 (2000).

Lin, H.-B.

Ling, Y.

Y. Ling, H. Cao, A. L. Burin, M. A. Ratner, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Investigation of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 063808 (2001).

Liu, X.

Y. Ling, H. Cao, A. L. Burin, M. A. Ratner, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Investigation of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 063808 (2001).

Mabuchi, H.

Madrazo, A.

J. Ripoll, A. Madrazo, and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Scattering of electromagnetic waves from a body over a random rough surface,” Opt. Commun. 142, 173–178 (1997).

Maier, B.

Maradudin, A. A.

A. A. Maradudin, T. Michel, A. R. McGurn, and E. R. Mendez, “Enhanced backscattering of light from a random grating,” Ann. Phys. (N.Y.) 203, 255–307 (1990).

McGurn, A. R.

A. A. Maradudin, T. Michel, A. R. McGurn, and E. R. Mendez, “Enhanced backscattering of light from a random grating,” Ann. Phys. (N.Y.) 203, 255–307 (1990).

Mendez, E. R.

A. A. Maradudin, T. Michel, A. R. McGurn, and E. R. Mendez, “Enhanced backscattering of light from a random grating,” Ann. Phys. (N.Y.) 203, 255–307 (1990).

Michel, T.

A. A. Maradudin, T. Michel, A. R. McGurn, and E. R. Mendez, “Enhanced backscattering of light from a random grating,” Ann. Phys. (N.Y.) 203, 255–307 (1990).

Moon, H.-J.

H.-J. Moon, Y.-T. Chough, and K. An, “Cylindrical microcavity laser based on the evanescent-wave-coupled gain,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161–3614 (2000).

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

Ong, H. C.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656–3658 (1998).

Owen, J. F.

J. F. Owen, P. W. Barber, P. B. Dorain, and R. K. Chang, “Enhancement of fluorescence induced by microstructure resonances of a dielectric fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1075–1078 (1981).

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, “Observation of structure resonances in the fluorescence spectra from microspheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475–477 (1980).

Pang, G.

S. John and G. Pang, “Theory of lasing in a multiple-scattering medium,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 3642–3652 (1996).

Papadogiannis, N.

Papazoglou, T. G.

Raimond, J.-M.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777–R1780 (1996).

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H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, “Random laser action in semiconductor powder,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278–2281 (1999).

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H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, H. C. Ong, S. T. Ho, J. Y. Dai, J. Y. Wu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Ultraviolet lasing in resonators formed by scattering in semiconductor polycrystalline films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3656–3658 (1998).

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Y. Ling, H. Cao, A. L. Burin, M. A. Ratner, X. Liu, and R. P. H. Chang, “Investigation of random lasers with resonant feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 063808 (2001).

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, “Very low threshold whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser,” Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777–R1780 (1996).

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J. R. Arias-Gonzalez, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, and M. Lester, “Modeling photonic-force microscopy with metallic particles under plasmon eigenmode excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 115402 (2002).

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H. Cao, J. Y. Xu, S.-H. Chang, and S. T. Ho, “Transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser action in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 1985–1989 (2000).

D. S. Wiersma, “Light diffusion with gain and random lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 4256–4265 (1996).

P. M. Visser, K. Allart, and D. Lenstra, “Dielectric structures with bound modes for microcavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 056604 (2002).

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X. Jiang and C. M. Soukoulis, “Time-dependent theory for random lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 70–73 (2000).

C. Vanneste and P. Sebbah, “Selective excitation of localized modes in active random media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183903 (2001).

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