Abstract

Using numerical simulations, we systematically investigated the transmission properties of coupled-cavity waveguides (CCWs) formed in two-dimensional photonic-crystal dielectric slabs with a triangular array of air holes. We place emphasis on achieving a quasi-flat impurity band in such CCWs, which is important for the perfect transmission of ultrashort optical pulses. We show that the quasi-flat impurity band can be obtained by controlling the ratio of the air-hole radius to the lattice constant in the triangular lattice. As an example, we demonstrate the perfect transmission of a 500-fs-wide optical pulse through a CCW with a quasi-flat impurity band, indicating the possibility of application to high-speed all-optical communication systems with a maximum bit rate of approximately terabits per second.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. W. Song, H. K. Park, Y. H. Lee, and D. H. Jang, “Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap laser operating at 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982–2984 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. F. Schubert, “High extraction efficiency of spontaneous emission from slabs of photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3294–3297 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036–1038 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  14. S. Lan, S. Nishikawa, H. Ishikawa, and O. Wada, “Design of impurity band-based photonic crystal waveguides and delay lines for ultrashort optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4321–4327 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Fabrication and characterization of different types of two-dimensional AlGaAs photonic crystal slabs,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 922–929 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. K. S. Lee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 14, 302–307 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Adibi, R. K. Lee, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with single mode propagation in the photonic bandgap,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1376–1378 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Qiu, K. Azizi, A. Karlsson, M. Swillo, and B. Jaskorzynska, “Numerical studies of mode gaps and coupling efficiency for line-defect waveguides in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 155113 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Chutinan and S. Noda, “Waveguides and waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4488–4492 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Qiu, “Effective index method for heterostructure-slab-waveguide-based two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1163–1165 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. P. Berenger, “A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185–200 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2002

Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Fabrication and characterization of different types of two-dimensional AlGaAs photonic crystal slabs,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 922–929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Qiu, “Effective index method for heterostructure-slab-waveguide-based two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1163–1165 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. Lan, S. Nishikawa, H. Ishikawa, and O. Wada, “Design of impurity band-based photonic crystal waveguides and delay lines for ultrashort optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4321–4327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Qiu, K. Azizi, A. Karlsson, M. Swillo, and B. Jaskorzynska, “Numerical studies of mode gaps and coupling efficiency for line-defect waveguides in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 155113 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Chow, S. Y. Lin, J. R. Wendt, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Quantitative analysis of bending efficiency in photonic-crystal waveguide bends at λ=1.55 μm wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 26, 286–288 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Olivier, C. Smith, and M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuts, T. Krauss, R. Houdre, and U. Oesterle, “Miniband transmission in a photonic crystal coupled-resonator optical waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1019–1021 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Propagation and second-harmonic generation of electromagnetic waves in a coupled-resonator optical waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 387–400 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Bayindir, B. Temelkuran, and E. Ozbay, “Tight-binding description of the coupled defect modes in three-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2140–2143 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, “Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure,” Nature 407, 608–610 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. W. Song, H. K. Park, Y. H. Lee, and D. H. Jang, “Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap laser operating at 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982–2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Chutinan and S. Noda, “Waveguides and waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4488–4492 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Adibi, R. K. Lee, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with single mode propagation in the photonic bandgap,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1376–1378 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036–1038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yariv, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Scherer, “Coupled-resonator optical waveguide: a proposal and analysis,” Opt. Lett. 24, 711–713 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

N. Stefanou and A. Modinos, “Impurity bands in photonic insulators,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 12127–12133 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. F. Schubert, “High extraction efficiency of spontaneous emission from slabs of photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3294–3297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787–3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

J. P. Berenger, “A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185–200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059–2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486–2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1966

K. S. Lee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 14, 302–307 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Adibi, A.

A. Adibi, R. K. Lee, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with single mode propagation in the photonic bandgap,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1376–1378 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Asakawa, K.

Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Fabrication and characterization of different types of two-dimensional AlGaAs photonic crystal slabs,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 922–929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Azizi, K.

M. Qiu, K. Azizi, A. Karlsson, M. Swillo, and B. Jaskorzynska, “Numerical studies of mode gaps and coupling efficiency for line-defect waveguides in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 155113 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bayindir, M.

M. Bayindir, B. Temelkuran, and E. Ozbay, “Tight-binding description of the coupled defect modes in three-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2140–2143 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benisty, H.

Berenger, J. P.

J. P. Berenger, “A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185–200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bhat, R.

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036–1038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boroditsky, M.

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036–1038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Carlsson, N.

Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Fabrication and characterization of different types of two-dimensional AlGaAs photonic crystal slabs,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 922–929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. C.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787–3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chow, E.

Chutinan, A.

A. Chutinan and S. Noda, “Waveguides and waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4488–4492 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, “Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure,” Nature 407, 608–610 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coccioli, R.

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036–1038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. F. Schubert, “High extraction efficiency of spontaneous emission from slabs of photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3294–3297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787–3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, I. Y.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. W. Song, H. K. Park, Y. H. Lee, and D. H. Jang, “Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap laser operating at 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982–2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Houdre, R.

Hwang, J. K.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. W. Song, H. K. Park, Y. H. Lee, and D. H. Jang, “Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap laser operating at 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982–2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, N.

Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Fabrication and characterization of different types of two-dimensional AlGaAs photonic crystal slabs,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 922–929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Imada, M.

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, “Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure,” Nature 407, 608–610 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inoue, K.

Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Fabrication and characterization of different types of two-dimensional AlGaAs photonic crystal slabs,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 922–929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, H.

S. Lan, S. Nishikawa, H. Ishikawa, and O. Wada, “Design of impurity band-based photonic crystal waveguides and delay lines for ultrashort optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4321–4327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jang, D. H.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. W. Song, H. K. Park, Y. H. Lee, and D. H. Jang, “Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap laser operating at 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982–2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jaskorzynska, B.

M. Qiu, K. Azizi, A. Karlsson, M. Swillo, and B. Jaskorzynska, “Numerical studies of mode gaps and coupling efficiency for line-defect waveguides in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 155113 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

E. Chow, S. Y. Lin, J. R. Wendt, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Quantitative analysis of bending efficiency in photonic-crystal waveguide bends at λ=1.55 μm wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 26, 286–288 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. F. Schubert, “High extraction efficiency of spontaneous emission from slabs of photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3294–3297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787–3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

John, S.

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486–2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, S. G.

Karlsson, A.

M. Qiu, K. Azizi, A. Karlsson, M. Swillo, and B. Jaskorzynska, “Numerical studies of mode gaps and coupling efficiency for line-defect waveguides in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 155113 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kawai, N.

Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Fabrication and characterization of different types of two-dimensional AlGaAs photonic crystal slabs,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 922–929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T.

Krauss, T. F.

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1036–1038 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kurland, I.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787–3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lan, S.

S. Lan, S. Nishikawa, H. Ishikawa, and O. Wada, “Design of impurity band-based photonic crystal waveguides and delay lines for ultrashort optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4321–4327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. S.

K. S. Lee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 14, 302–307 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. K.

A. Adibi, R. K. Lee, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with single mode propagation in the photonic bandgap,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1376–1378 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, “Propagation and second-harmonic generation of electromagnetic waves in a coupled-resonator optical waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 387–400 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Scherer, “Coupled-resonator optical waveguide: a proposal and analysis,” Opt. Lett. 24, 711–713 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. H.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. W. Song, H. K. Park, Y. H. Lee, and D. H. Jang, “Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap laser operating at 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982–2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. Y.

Mekis, A.

A. Mekis, J. C. Chen, I. Kurland, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “High transmission through sharp bends in photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3787–3790 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Modinos, A.

N. Stefanou and A. Modinos, “Impurity bands in photonic insulators,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 12127–12133 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nishikawa, S.

S. Lan, S. Nishikawa, H. Ishikawa, and O. Wada, “Design of impurity band-based photonic crystal waveguides and delay lines for ultrashort optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4321–4327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, “Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure,” Nature 407, 608–610 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chutinan and S. Noda, “Waveguides and waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4488–4492 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oesterle, U.

Olivier, S.

Ozbay, E.

M. Bayindir, B. Temelkuran, and E. Ozbay, “Tight-binding description of the coupled defect modes in three-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2140–2143 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Painter, O.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, H. K.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. W. Song, H. K. Park, Y. H. Lee, and D. H. Jang, “Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap laser operating at 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982–2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

M. Qiu, “Effective index method for heterostructure-slab-waveguide-based two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1163–1165 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Qiu, K. Azizi, A. Karlsson, M. Swillo, and B. Jaskorzynska, “Numerical studies of mode gaps and coupling efficiency for line-defect waveguides in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 155113 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rattier, M.

Ryu, H. Y.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. W. Song, H. K. Park, Y. H. Lee, and D. H. Jang, “Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap laser operating at 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982–2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

A. Adibi, R. K. Lee, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with single mode propagation in the photonic bandgap,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1376–1378 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yariv, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Scherer, “Coupled-resonator optical waveguide: a proposal and analysis,” Opt. Lett. 24, 711–713 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, E. F.

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. F. Schubert, “High extraction efficiency of spontaneous emission from slabs of photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3294–3297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C.

Song, D. S.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. W. Song, H. K. Park, Y. H. Lee, and D. H. Jang, “Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap laser operating at 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982–2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Song, H. W.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. W. Song, H. K. Park, Y. H. Lee, and D. H. Jang, “Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap laser operating at 1.54 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982–2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stefanou, N.

N. Stefanou and A. Modinos, “Impurity bands in photonic insulators,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 12127–12133 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, Y.

Y. Sugimoto, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Fabrication and characterization of different types of two-dimensional AlGaAs photonic crystal slabs,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 922–929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Swillo, M.

M. Qiu, K. Azizi, A. Karlsson, M. Swillo, and B. Jaskorzynska, “Numerical studies of mode gaps and coupling efficiency for line-defect waveguides in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 155113 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Temelkuran, B.

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Structure of a CCW with N=5, n=2, and m=1 in a triangular lattice of air holes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Evolution of the transmission spectra of CCWs with a variation in m from 1 to 4. N and n are 5 and 4, respectively. The intensity of the transmission spectra for m=3 and 4 has been enlarged by 12 times.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of the transmission spectra of CCWs with identical N (=5) and n (=2) but different m (=1 and 2).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Influence of N on the transmission spectra of CCWs. n and m are 2 and 1, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

FWHM of the resonant peaks near the centers of the impurity bands indicated by arrows in Fig. 4 as a function of N.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Change in the impurity band with r/a. N=10, n=2, and m=1. A quasi-flat impurity band was obtained when r/a was reduced to 0.24.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Transmission behavior of optical pulses of 500 fs in width through the impurity bands shown in Fig. 6. The centers of input pulses are set near the centers of the impurity bands, as indicated by arrows in Fig. 6. The intensity of output pulses (dashed curves) for r/a=0.3, 0.27, and 0.2 has been enlarged by 2.5, 1.5, and 1.3 times, respectively.

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