Jinsong Liu, “Universal theory of state-state one-dimensional photorefractive solitons,” Chin. Phys. 10, 1037–1042 (2001).

[CrossRef]

J. Petter, C. Weilnau, C. Denz, A. Stepken, and F. Kaiser, “Self-bending of photorefractive solitons,” Opt. Commun. 170, 291–297 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Jinsong Liu and Keqing Lu, “Screening-photovoltaic spatial solitons in biased photovoltaic-photorefractive crystals and their self-deflection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 550–555 (1999).

[CrossRef]

I. Oda, Y. Otani, L. Liu, and T. Yoshizawa, “Polarization effect for vibration detection using photorefractive two-wave mixing in KNSBN:Cu crystal,” Opt. Commun. 148, 95–100 (1998).

[CrossRef]

N. N. Akhmediev, V. V. Afanasjev, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Singularities and special soliton solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg–Landau equation,” Phys. Rev. E 53, 1190–1201 (1996).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. N. Akhmediev, and V. V. Afanasjev, “Stability of the pulselike solutions of the quintic complex Ginzburg–Landau equation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1439–1449 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Z. G. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Shih, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, and G. C. Valley, “Steady-state dark photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 629–631 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706–718 (1996).

[CrossRef]

K. Kos, H. X. Meng, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, “One-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330–R4333 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, “Two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 324–326 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M.-F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, “Observation of two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Electron. Lett. 31, 826–827 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides and M. I. Carvalho, “Bright, dark, and gray spatial soliton states in photorefractive media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1628–1633 (1995).

[CrossRef]

R. Singh and D. N. Christodoulides, “Evolution of spatial optical solitons in biased photorefractive media under steady state conditions,” Opt. Commun. 118, 569–576 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Saffman, D. Montgomery, and D. Z. Anderson, “Collapse of a transverse-mode continuum in a self-imaging photorefractively pumped ring resonator,” Opt. Lett. 19, 518–520 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. D. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Steady-state spatial screening solitons in photorefractive materials with external applied field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211–3214 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, Y. Kawamura, H. Iwamura, T. Ikegami, J. E. Sipe, and L. Ming, “Spatial solitons in self-focusing gain medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 920–923 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Yeh, “Two-wave mixing in nonlinear media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 484–519 (1989).

[CrossRef]

C. Paré, L. Gagnon, and P.-A. Belangre, “Spatial solitary wave in a weakly saturated amplifying/absorbing medium,” Opt. Commun. 74, 228–232 (1989).

[CrossRef]

V. G. Kulushkin, “Gaussian light beam in a lens-like medium with a nonlinear complex susceptibility,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 116–117 (1987).

[CrossRef]

N. Bekki and K. Nozaki, “Exact solution of the generalized Ginzburg–Landau equation,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 53, 1581–1582 (1984).

[CrossRef]

N. N. Akhmediev, V. V. Afanasjev, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Singularities and special soliton solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg–Landau equation,” Phys. Rev. E 53, 1190–1201 (1996).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. N. Akhmediev, and V. V. Afanasjev, “Stability of the pulselike solutions of the quintic complex Ginzburg–Landau equation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1439–1449 (1996).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. N. Akhmediev, and V. V. Afanasjev, “Stability of the pulselike solutions of the quintic complex Ginzburg–Landau equation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1439–1449 (1996).

[CrossRef]

N. N. Akhmediev, V. V. Afanasjev, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Singularities and special soliton solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg–Landau equation,” Phys. Rev. E 53, 1190–1201 (1996).

[CrossRef]

N. Bekki and K. Nozaki, “Exact solution of the generalized Ginzburg–Landau equation,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 53, 1581–1582 (1984).

[CrossRef]

C. Paré, L. Gagnon, and P.-A. Belangre, “Spatial solitary wave in a weakly saturated amplifying/absorbing medium,” Opt. Commun. 74, 228–232 (1989).

[CrossRef]

Z. G. Chen, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, D. N. Christodoulides, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Coupled photorefractive spatial-soliton pairs,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3066–3077 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Z. G. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Shih, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, and G. C. Valley, “Steady-state dark photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 629–631 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. G. Chen, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, D. N. Christodoulides, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Coupled photorefractive spatial-soliton pairs,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3066–3077 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides and M. I. Carvalho, “Bright, dark, and gray spatial soliton states in photorefractive media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1628–1633 (1995).

[CrossRef]

R. Singh and D. N. Christodoulides, “Evolution of spatial optical solitons in biased photorefractive media under steady state conditions,” Opt. Commun. 118, 569–576 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M.-F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, “Observation of two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Electron. Lett. 31, 826–827 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. D. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Steady-state spatial screening solitons in photorefractive materials with external applied field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211–3214 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Petter, C. Weilnau, C. Denz, A. Stepken, and F. Kaiser, “Self-bending of photorefractive solitons,” Opt. Commun. 170, 291–297 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M.-F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, “Observation of two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Electron. Lett. 31, 826–827 (1995).

[CrossRef]

C. Paré, L. Gagnon, and P.-A. Belangre, “Spatial solitary wave in a weakly saturated amplifying/absorbing medium,” Opt. Commun. 74, 228–232 (1989).

[CrossRef]

M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, “Two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 324–326 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. G. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Shih, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, and G. C. Valley, “Steady-state dark photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 629–631 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, Y. Kawamura, H. Iwamura, T. Ikegami, J. E. Sipe, and L. Ming, “Spatial solitons in self-focusing gain medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 920–923 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Jinsong Liu and Zhonghua Hao, “Evolution of separate screening soliton pairs in a biased series photorefractive crystal circuit,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 066601 (2002).

[CrossRef]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, Y. Kawamura, H. Iwamura, T. Ikegami, J. E. Sipe, and L. Ming, “Spatial solitons in self-focusing gain medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 920–923 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, Y. Kawamura, H. Iwamura, T. Ikegami, J. E. Sipe, and L. Ming, “Spatial solitons in self-focusing gain medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 920–923 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Petter, C. Weilnau, C. Denz, A. Stepken, and F. Kaiser, “Self-bending of photorefractive solitons,” Opt. Commun. 170, 291–297 (1999).

[CrossRef]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, Y. Kawamura, H. Iwamura, T. Ikegami, J. E. Sipe, and L. Ming, “Spatial solitons in self-focusing gain medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 920–923 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, Y. Kawamura, H. Iwamura, T. Ikegami, J. E. Sipe, and L. Ming, “Spatial solitons in self-focusing gain medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 920–923 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Kos, H. X. Meng, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, “One-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330–R4333 (1996).

[CrossRef]

V. G. Kulushkin, “Gaussian light beam in a lens-like medium with a nonlinear complex susceptibility,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 116–117 (1987).

[CrossRef]

Jinsong Liu and Zhonghua Hao, “Evolution of separate screening soliton pairs in a biased series photorefractive crystal circuit,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 066601 (2002).

[CrossRef]

Jinsong Liu and Hao Zhonghua, “Higher-order space charge field effects on the evolution of screening-photovoltaic spatial solitons in biased photovoltaic photorefractive crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 513–521 (2002).

[CrossRef]

Jinsong Liu, “Universal theory of state-state one-dimensional photorefractive solitons,” Chin. Phys. 10, 1037–1042 (2001).

[CrossRef]

Jinsong Liu and Keqing Lu, “Screening-photovoltaic spatial solitons in biased photovoltaic-photorefractive crystals and their self-deflection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 550–555 (1999).

[CrossRef]

I. Oda, Y. Otani, L. Liu, and T. Yoshizawa, “Polarization effect for vibration detection using photorefractive two-wave mixing in KNSBN:Cu crystal,” Opt. Commun. 148, 95–100 (1998).

[CrossRef]

K. Kos, H. X. Meng, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, “One-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330–R4333 (1996).

[CrossRef]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, Y. Kawamura, H. Iwamura, T. Ikegami, J. E. Sipe, and L. Ming, “Spatial solitons in self-focusing gain medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 920–923 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. Bekki and K. Nozaki, “Exact solution of the generalized Ginzburg–Landau equation,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 53, 1581–1582 (1984).

[CrossRef]

I. Oda, Y. Otani, L. Liu, and T. Yoshizawa, “Polarization effect for vibration detection using photorefractive two-wave mixing in KNSBN:Cu crystal,” Opt. Commun. 148, 95–100 (1998).

[CrossRef]

I. Oda, Y. Otani, L. Liu, and T. Yoshizawa, “Polarization effect for vibration detection using photorefractive two-wave mixing in KNSBN:Cu crystal,” Opt. Commun. 148, 95–100 (1998).

[CrossRef]

C. Paré, L. Gagnon, and P.-A. Belangre, “Spatial solitary wave in a weakly saturated amplifying/absorbing medium,” Opt. Commun. 74, 228–232 (1989).

[CrossRef]

J. Petter, C. Weilnau, C. Denz, A. Stepken, and F. Kaiser, “Self-bending of photorefractive solitons,” Opt. Commun. 170, 291–297 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. D. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Steady-state spatial screening solitons in photorefractive materials with external applied field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211–3214 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Kos, H. X. Meng, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, “One-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330–R4333 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, “Two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 324–326 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M.-F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, “Observation of two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Electron. Lett. 31, 826–827 (1995).

[CrossRef]

Z. G. Chen, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, D. N. Christodoulides, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Coupled photorefractive spatial-soliton pairs,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3066–3077 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706–718 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, “Two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 324–326 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Kos, H. X. Meng, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, “One-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330–R4333 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Z. G. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Shih, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, and G. C. Valley, “Steady-state dark photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 629–631 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M.-F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, “Observation of two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Electron. Lett. 31, 826–827 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. D. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Steady-state spatial screening solitons in photorefractive materials with external applied field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211–3214 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Kos, H. X. Meng, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, “One-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330–R4333 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, “Two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 324–326 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706–718 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Z. G. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Shih, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, and G. C. Valley, “Steady-state dark photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 629–631 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M.-F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, “Observation of two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Electron. Lett. 31, 826–827 (1995).

[CrossRef]

R. Singh and D. N. Christodoulides, “Evolution of spatial optical solitons in biased photorefractive media under steady state conditions,” Opt. Commun. 118, 569–576 (1995).

[CrossRef]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, Y. Kawamura, H. Iwamura, T. Ikegami, J. E. Sipe, and L. Ming, “Spatial solitons in self-focusing gain medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 920–923 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. N. Akhmediev, V. V. Afanasjev, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Singularities and special soliton solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg–Landau equation,” Phys. Rev. E 53, 1190–1201 (1996).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. N. Akhmediev, and V. V. Afanasjev, “Stability of the pulselike solutions of the quintic complex Ginzburg–Landau equation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1439–1449 (1996).

[CrossRef]

J. Petter, C. Weilnau, C. Denz, A. Stepken, and F. Kaiser, “Self-bending of photorefractive solitons,” Opt. Commun. 170, 291–297 (1999).

[CrossRef]

K. Kos, H. X. Meng, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, “One-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330–R4333 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706–718 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, “Two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 324–326 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. G. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Shih, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, and G. C. Valley, “Steady-state dark photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 629–631 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M.-F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, “Observation of two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Electron. Lett. 31, 826–827 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. D. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Steady-state spatial screening solitons in photorefractive materials with external applied field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211–3214 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Petter, C. Weilnau, C. Denz, A. Stepken, and F. Kaiser, “Self-bending of photorefractive solitons,” Opt. Commun. 170, 291–297 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. D. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Steady-state spatial screening solitons in photorefractive materials with external applied field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211–3214 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Yeh, “Two-wave mixing in nonlinear media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 484–519 (1989).

[CrossRef]

I. Oda, Y. Otani, L. Liu, and T. Yoshizawa, “Polarization effect for vibration detection using photorefractive two-wave mixing in KNSBN:Cu crystal,” Opt. Commun. 148, 95–100 (1998).

[CrossRef]

Jinsong Liu, “Universal theory of state-state one-dimensional photorefractive solitons,” Chin. Phys. 10, 1037–1042 (2001).

[CrossRef]

M.-F. Shih, M. Segev, G. C. Valley, G. Salamo, B. Crosignani, and P. Di Porto, “Observation of two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Electron. Lett. 31, 826–827 (1995).

[CrossRef]

P. Yeh, “Two-wave mixing in nonlinear media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 484–519 (1989).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. N. Akhmediev, and V. V. Afanasjev, “Stability of the pulselike solutions of the quintic complex Ginzburg–Landau equation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1439–1449 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Z. G. Chen, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, D. N. Christodoulides, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Coupled photorefractive spatial-soliton pairs,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 3066–3077 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides and M. I. Carvalho, “Bright, dark, and gray spatial soliton states in photorefractive media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1628–1633 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Segev, M. Shih, and G. C. Valley, “Photorefractive screening solitons of high and low intensity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 706–718 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Jinsong Liu and Keqing Lu, “Screening-photovoltaic spatial solitons in biased photovoltaic-photorefractive crystals and their self-deflection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 550–555 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Jinsong Liu and Hao Zhonghua, “Higher-order space charge field effects on the evolution of screening-photovoltaic spatial solitons in biased photovoltaic photorefractive crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 513–521 (2002).

[CrossRef]

N. Bekki and K. Nozaki, “Exact solution of the generalized Ginzburg–Landau equation,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 53, 1581–1582 (1984).

[CrossRef]

J. Petter, C. Weilnau, C. Denz, A. Stepken, and F. Kaiser, “Self-bending of photorefractive solitons,” Opt. Commun. 170, 291–297 (1999).

[CrossRef]

I. Oda, Y. Otani, L. Liu, and T. Yoshizawa, “Polarization effect for vibration detection using photorefractive two-wave mixing in KNSBN:Cu crystal,” Opt. Commun. 148, 95–100 (1998).

[CrossRef]

R. Singh and D. N. Christodoulides, “Evolution of spatial optical solitons in biased photorefractive media under steady state conditions,” Opt. Commun. 118, 569–576 (1995).

[CrossRef]

C. Paré, L. Gagnon, and P.-A. Belangre, “Spatial solitary wave in a weakly saturated amplifying/absorbing medium,” Opt. Commun. 74, 228–232 (1989).

[CrossRef]

M. Saffman, D. Montgomery, and D. Z. Anderson, “Collapse of a transverse-mode continuum in a self-imaging photorefractively pumped ring resonator,” Opt. Lett. 19, 518–520 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, “Two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 324–326 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. G. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Shih, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, and G. C. Valley, “Steady-state dark photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 629–631 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Kos, H. X. Meng, G. Salamo, M. Shih, M. Segev, and G. C. Valley, “One-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 53, R4330–R4333 (1996).

[CrossRef]

N. N. Akhmediev, V. V. Afanasjev, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Singularities and special soliton solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg–Landau equation,” Phys. Rev. E 53, 1190–1201 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Jinsong Liu and Zhonghua Hao, “Evolution of separate screening soliton pairs in a biased series photorefractive crystal circuit,” Phys. Rev. E 65, 066601 (2002).

[CrossRef]

G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, Y. Kawamura, H. Iwamura, T. Ikegami, J. E. Sipe, and L. Ming, “Spatial solitons in self-focusing gain medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 920–923 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. D. Porto, and A. Yariv, “Steady-state spatial screening solitons in photorefractive materials with external applied field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211–3214 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. G. Kulushkin, “Gaussian light beam in a lens-like medium with a nonlinear complex susceptibility,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 116–117 (1987).

[CrossRef]

N. N. Akhmediev and V. V. Afanasjev, “Solitons of the complex Ginzburg–Landau equation,” in Spatial Solitons, S. Trillo and W. Torruellas, eds. (Springer, Berlin, 2001).