Abstract

We report the experimental implementation of femtosecond polarization pulse shaping within an adaptive learning loop. This technique makes it possible to optimally and automatically generate light fields in which intensity, momentary frequency, and light polarization (i.e., ellipticity and orientation) change as a function of time within a single femtosecond laser pulse. By use of second-harmonic generation as a feedback signal in an evolutionary algorithm, specific phase- and polarization-modulated laser pulses are generated. Material dispersion and time-dependent modulations of the polarization state can be compensated. These experiments demonstrate the feasibility of adaptive quantum control experiments with polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, A. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid-crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. M. Wefers and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-fidelity programmable ultrafast optical waveforms,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1047–1049 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. M. Wefers and K. A. Nelson, “Analysis of programmable ultrashort waveform generation using liquid-crystal spatial light modulators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1343–1362 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Yelin, D. Meshulach, and Y. Silberberg, “Adaptive femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1793–1795 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Brixner, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Feedback-controlled optimization of amplified femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 281–284 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, “Coherent control of quantum dynamics: the dream is alive,” Science 259, 1581–1589 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. A. Rice and M. Zhao, Optical Control of Molecular Dynamics (Wiley, New York, 2000).
  10. A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Brixner and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond polarization pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 26, 557–559 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 74, S133–S144 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. J. Larsen, K. Hald, N. Bjerre, and H. Stapelfeldt, “Three dimensional alignment of molecules using elliptically polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2470–2473 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. N. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D. G. Lappas and J. P. Marangos, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in hydrogen molecular ions,” J. Phys. B 33, 4679–4689 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. B. Corkum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1870–1872 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. E. Constant, V. D. Taranukhin, A. Stolow, and P. B. Corkum, “Methods for the measurement of the duration of high-harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3870–3878 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, “Combination of high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses for generation of time-dependent polarization pulses and ionization of atomic gas,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 70, S207–S213 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. M. Wefers, H. Kawashima, and K. A. Nelson, “Optical control over two-dimensional lattice vibrational trajectories in crystalline quartz,” J. Chem. Phys. 108, 10248–10255 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. A. Cina and V. Romero-Rochin, “Optical impulsive excitation of molecular pseudorotation in Jahn–Teller systems,” J. Chem. Phys. 93, 3844–3849 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Controlled photon induced symmetry breaking: chiral molecular products from achiral precursors,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 8658–8661 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Shapiro, E. Frishman, and P. Brumer, “Coherently controlled asymmetric synthesis with achiral light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1669–1672 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, “Selective preparation of enantiomers by laser pulses: quantum model simulation for H2POSH,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1–8 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  25. K. Hoki, D. Kröner, and J. Manz, “Selective preparation of enantiomers from a racemate by laser pulses: model simulation for oriented atropisomers with coupled rotations and torsions,” Chem. Phys. 267, 59–79 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  26. T. Brixner, “Poincaré representation of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).
  27. W. J. Walecki, D. N. Fittinghoff, A. L. Smirl, and R. Trebino, “Characterization of the polarization state of weak ultrashort coherent signals by dual-channel spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 22, 81–83 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 74, S133–S144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond polarization pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 26, 557–559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Hoki, D. Kröner, and J. Manz, “Selective preparation of enantiomers from a racemate by laser pulses: model simulation for oriented atropisomers with coupled rotations and torsions,” Chem. Phys. 267, 59–79 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (6)

M. Shapiro, E. Frishman, and P. Brumer, “Coherently controlled asymmetric synthesis with achiral light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1669–1672 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, “Combination of high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses for generation of time-dependent polarization pulses and ionization of atomic gas,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 70, S207–S213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Larsen, K. Hald, N. Bjerre, and H. Stapelfeldt, “Three dimensional alignment of molecules using elliptically polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2470–2473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Lappas and J. P. Marangos, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in hydrogen molecular ions,” J. Phys. B 33, 4679–4689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

T. Brixner, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Feedback-controlled optimization of amplified femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 281–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, “Selective preparation of enantiomers by laser pulses: quantum model simulation for H2POSH,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1–8 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Wefers, H. Kawashima, and K. A. Nelson, “Optical control over two-dimensional lattice vibrational trajectories in crystalline quartz,” J. Chem. Phys. 108, 10248–10255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

D. Yelin, D. Meshulach, and Y. Silberberg, “Adaptive femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1793–1795 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Constant, V. D. Taranukhin, A. Stolow, and P. B. Corkum, “Methods for the measurement of the duration of high-harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3870–3878 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Walecki, D. N. Fittinghoff, A. L. Smirl, and R. Trebino, “Characterization of the polarization state of weak ultrashort coherent signals by dual-channel spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 22, 81–83 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, “Coherent control of quantum dynamics: the dream is alive,” Science 259, 1581–1589 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, A. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid-crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Controlled photon induced symmetry breaking: chiral molecular products from achiral precursors,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 8658–8661 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

J. A. Cina and V. Romero-Rochin, “Optical impulsive excitation of molecular pseudorotation in Jahn–Teller systems,” J. Chem. Phys. 93, 3844–3849 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Aseyev, S. A.

D. N. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Assion, A.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumert, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bjerre, N.

J. J. Larsen, K. Hald, N. Bjerre, and H. Stapelfeldt, “Three dimensional alignment of molecules using elliptically polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2470–2473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 74, S133–S144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond polarization pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 26, 557–559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Feedback-controlled optimization of amplified femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 281–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brumer, P.

M. Shapiro, E. Frishman, and P. Brumer, “Coherently controlled asymmetric synthesis with achiral light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1669–1672 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Controlled photon induced symmetry breaking: chiral molecular products from achiral precursors,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 8658–8661 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Burnett, N. H.

Cina, J. A.

J. A. Cina and V. Romero-Rochin, “Optical impulsive excitation of molecular pseudorotation in Jahn–Teller systems,” J. Chem. Phys. 93, 3844–3849 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Constant, E.

E. Constant, V. D. Taranukhin, A. Stolow, and P. B. Corkum, “Methods for the measurement of the duration of high-harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3870–3878 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

D. N. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Constant, V. D. Taranukhin, A. Stolow, and P. B. Corkum, “Methods for the measurement of the duration of high-harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3870–3878 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1870–1872 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dahleh, M.

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, “Coherent control of quantum dynamics: the dream is alive,” Science 259, 1581–1589 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Damrauer, N. H.

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dietrich, P.

D. N. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

Frishman, E.

M. Shapiro, E. Frishman, and P. Brumer, “Coherently controlled asymmetric synthesis with achiral light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1669–1672 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimura, Y.

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, “Selective preparation of enantiomers by laser pulses: quantum model simulation for H2POSH,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1–8 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gerber, G.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 74, S133–S144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond polarization pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 26, 557–559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Feedback-controlled optimization of amplified femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 281–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

González, L.

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, “Selective preparation of enantiomers by laser pulses: quantum model simulation for H2POSH,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1–8 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hald, K.

J. J. Larsen, K. Hald, N. Bjerre, and H. Stapelfeldt, “Three dimensional alignment of molecules using elliptically polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2470–2473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoki, K.

K. Hoki, D. Kröner, and J. Manz, “Selective preparation of enantiomers from a racemate by laser pulses: model simulation for oriented atropisomers with coupled rotations and torsions,” Chem. Phys. 267, 59–79 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, “Selective preparation of enantiomers by laser pulses: quantum model simulation for H2POSH,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1–8 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

D. N. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Yu. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1870–1872 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kakehata, M.

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, “Combination of high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses for generation of time-dependent polarization pulses and ionization of atomic gas,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 70, S207–S213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, H.

M. M. Wefers, H. Kawashima, and K. A. Nelson, “Optical control over two-dimensional lattice vibrational trajectories in crystalline quartz,” J. Chem. Phys. 108, 10248–10255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krampert, G.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 74, S133–S144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kröner, D.

K. Hoki, D. Kröner, and J. Manz, “Selective preparation of enantiomers from a racemate by laser pulses: model simulation for oriented atropisomers with coupled rotations and torsions,” Chem. Phys. 267, 59–79 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lappas, D. G.

D. G. Lappas and J. P. Marangos, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in hydrogen molecular ions,” J. Phys. B 33, 4679–4689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Larsen, J. J.

J. J. Larsen, K. Hald, N. Bjerre, and H. Stapelfeldt, “Three dimensional alignment of molecules using elliptically polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2470–2473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, A. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid-crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Manz, J.

K. Hoki, D. Kröner, and J. Manz, “Selective preparation of enantiomers from a racemate by laser pulses: model simulation for oriented atropisomers with coupled rotations and torsions,” Chem. Phys. 267, 59–79 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, “Selective preparation of enantiomers by laser pulses: quantum model simulation for H2POSH,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1–8 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marangos, J. P.

D. G. Lappas and J. P. Marangos, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in hydrogen molecular ions,” J. Phys. B 33, 4679–4689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Meshulach, D.

Nelson, K. A.

Niklaus, P.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 74, S133–S144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Obara, M.

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, “Combination of high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses for generation of time-dependent polarization pulses and ionization of atomic gas,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 70, S207–S213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsuki, Y.

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, “Selective preparation of enantiomers by laser pulses: quantum model simulation for H2POSH,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1–8 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Patel, A.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, A. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid-crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rabitz, H.

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, “Coherent control of quantum dynamics: the dream is alive,” Science 259, 1581–1589 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Romero-Rochin, V.

J. A. Cina and V. Romero-Rochin, “Optical impulsive excitation of molecular pseudorotation in Jahn–Teller systems,” J. Chem. Phys. 93, 3844–3849 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, M.

M. Shapiro, E. Frishman, and P. Brumer, “Coherently controlled asymmetric synthesis with achiral light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1669–1672 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Controlled photon induced symmetry breaking: chiral molecular products from achiral precursors,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 8658–8661 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Smirl, A. L.

Spanner, M.

D. N. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stapelfeldt, H.

J. J. Larsen, K. Hald, N. Bjerre, and H. Stapelfeldt, “Three dimensional alignment of molecules using elliptically polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2470–2473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stolow, A.

E. Constant, V. D. Taranukhin, A. Stolow, and P. B. Corkum, “Methods for the measurement of the duration of high-harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3870–3878 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Strehle, M.

T. Brixner, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Feedback-controlled optimization of amplified femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 281–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, “Combination of high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses for generation of time-dependent polarization pulses and ionization of atomic gas,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 70, S207–S213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taranukhin, V. D.

E. Constant, V. D. Taranukhin, A. Stolow, and P. B. Corkum, “Methods for the measurement of the duration of high-harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3870–3878 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Torizuka, K.

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, “Combination of high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses for generation of time-dependent polarization pulses and ionization of atomic gas,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 70, S207–S213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Ueda, R.

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, “Combination of high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses for generation of time-dependent polarization pulses and ionization of atomic gas,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 70, S207–S213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, D. N.

D. N. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walecki, W. J.

Warren, W. S.

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, “Coherent control of quantum dynamics: the dream is alive,” Science 259, 1581–1589 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wefers, M. M.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, A. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid-crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wullert II, J. R.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, A. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid-crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yelin, D.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

T. Baumert, T. Brixner, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Femtosecond pulse shaping by an evolutionary algorithm with feedback,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 779–782 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Feedback-controlled optimization of amplified femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 281–284 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] (2)

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 74, S133–S144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Kakehata, R. Ueda, H. Takada, K. Torizuka, and M. Obara, “Combination of high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses for generation of time-dependent polarization pulses and ionization of atomic gas,” Appl. Phys. B [Suppl.] 70, S207–S213 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

K. Hoki, D. Kröner, and J. Manz, “Selective preparation of enantiomers from a racemate by laser pulses: model simulation for oriented atropisomers with coupled rotations and torsions,” Chem. Phys. 267, 59–79 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Fujimura, L. González, K. Hoki, J. Manz, and Y. Ohtsuki, “Selective preparation of enantiomers by laser pulses: quantum model simulation for H2POSH,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 306, 1–8 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, A. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, “Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid-crystal phase modulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908–920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (3)

M. M. Wefers, H. Kawashima, and K. A. Nelson, “Optical control over two-dimensional lattice vibrational trajectories in crystalline quartz,” J. Chem. Phys. 108, 10248–10255 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Cina and V. Romero-Rochin, “Optical impulsive excitation of molecular pseudorotation in Jahn–Teller systems,” J. Chem. Phys. 93, 3844–3849 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Controlled photon induced symmetry breaking: chiral molecular products from achiral precursors,” J. Chem. Phys. 95, 8658–8661 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B (1)

D. G. Lappas and J. P. Marangos, “Orientation dependence of high-order harmonic generation in hydrogen molecular ions,” J. Phys. B 33, 4679–4689 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

E. Constant, V. D. Taranukhin, A. Stolow, and P. B. Corkum, “Methods for the measurement of the duration of high-harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3870–3878 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

J. J. Larsen, K. Hald, N. Bjerre, and H. Stapelfeldt, “Three dimensional alignment of molecules using elliptically polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2470–2473 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Villeneuve, S. A. Aseyev, P. Dietrich, M. Spanner, M. Yu. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, “Forced molecular rotation in an optical centrifuge,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 542–545 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shapiro, E. Frishman, and P. Brumer, “Coherently controlled asymmetric synthesis with achiral light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 1669–1672 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, “Coherent control of quantum dynamics: the dream is alive,” Science 259, 1581–1589 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

S. A. Rice and M. Zhao, Optical Control of Molecular Dynamics (Wiley, New York, 2000).

T. Brixner, “Poincaré representation of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B (to be published).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup of the femtosecond polarization pulse shaper and (b) definition of elliptical parameters. The abbreviations are defined in the text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser pulse shapes after adaptive polarization shaping (a) for an unmodulated laser pulse and (b) for the optimized laser pulse. In the top row, the temporal total intensity (solid curve) and the intensity components I1 (open squares) and I2 (solid triangles) are shown. The bottom row contains the temporal polarization parameters (thick solid curve) and θ (dashed curve), analyzed by Jones-matrix calculus.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Schematic experimental setup for adaptive dispersion-and-polarization compensation experiment and (b) evolution of the SHG yield as a function of generation number for phase-and-polarization shaping, phase-only shaping, and unmodulated pulses. The resulting spectral phase modulations Φ1 (dashed curve) and Φ2 (solid curve) are shown (c) for polarization shaping and (d) for phase-only shaping as analyzed by the Jones-matrix method.  

Metrics