Abstract

Using a resonatorlike electrostatic ion trap, we demonstrate that, under certain conditions, it is possible to keep the width of a packet of ions oscillating between two mirrors constant. We show, using a one-dimensional model, that the effect is the result of Coulomb repulsion, which, in a counterintuitive way, keeps the ions together.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. For a review of ion traps see, e.g., I. Bergstrom, C. Carlberg, and R. Schuch, eds., “Trapped charged particles and related fundamental physics, Proceedings of Nobel Symposium 91, Phys. Scr. T59, 21–434 (1995).
  2. D. Zajfman, O. Heber, L. Vejby-Christensen, I. Ben-Itzhak, M. Rappaport, R. Fishman, and M. Dahan, “An electrostatic bottle for long time storage of fast ion beams,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R1577–R1580 (1997).
  3. M. Dahan, R. Fishman, O. Heber, M. Rappaport, N. Altstein, W. J. van der Zande, and D. Zajfman, “A new type of electrostatic ion trap for storage of fast ion beams,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 76–83 (1998).
  4. L. Knoll, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of Be(2s2p2 4P3/2) using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 1710–1712 (1999).
  5. A. Wolf, K. G. Bhushan, I. Ben Itzhak, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of He using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 267–270 (1999).
  6. R. Wester, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Radiative lifetime measurement of the a 3Σ+ metastable state of NO+ using a new type of electrostatic ion trap,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 11830–11834 (1999).
  7. K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, N. Alstein, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Radiative lifetime of the metastable 1S0 state of Xe2+,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012504 (2000).
  8. D. Strasser, K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, R. Wester, O. Heber, A. Lafosse, M. L. Rappaport, N. Alstein, and D. Zajfman, “Charge-transfer dissociation of vibrationally cold HeH+: evidence for and lifetime of the a 3Σ+ metastable state,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 060705 (2000).
  9. H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, S. Ring, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, and D. Zajfman, “Ion motion synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 055001 (2001).
  10. H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, B. Amarant, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Diffusion and synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 042704 (2002).
  11. D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).
  12. C. E. Nielsen, A. M. Sessler, and K. R. Symon, High Energy Accelerators and Instrumentation (CERN, Geneva, 1959), pp. 239–254.
  13. For a review see J. Lawson, The Physics of Charged Particle Beams, 2nd ed. (Clarendon, Oxford, 1988).

2002

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, B. Amarant, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Diffusion and synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 042704 (2002).

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

2001

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, S. Ring, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, and D. Zajfman, “Ion motion synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 055001 (2001).

2000

K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, N. Alstein, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Radiative lifetime of the metastable 1S0 state of Xe2+,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012504 (2000).

D. Strasser, K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, R. Wester, O. Heber, A. Lafosse, M. L. Rappaport, N. Alstein, and D. Zajfman, “Charge-transfer dissociation of vibrationally cold HeH+: evidence for and lifetime of the a 3Σ+ metastable state,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 060705 (2000).

1999

L. Knoll, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of Be(2s2p2 4P3/2) using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 1710–1712 (1999).

A. Wolf, K. G. Bhushan, I. Ben Itzhak, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of He using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 267–270 (1999).

R. Wester, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Radiative lifetime measurement of the a 3Σ+ metastable state of NO+ using a new type of electrostatic ion trap,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 11830–11834 (1999).

1998

M. Dahan, R. Fishman, O. Heber, M. Rappaport, N. Altstein, W. J. van der Zande, and D. Zajfman, “A new type of electrostatic ion trap for storage of fast ion beams,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 76–83 (1998).

1997

D. Zajfman, O. Heber, L. Vejby-Christensen, I. Ben-Itzhak, M. Rappaport, R. Fishman, and M. Dahan, “An electrostatic bottle for long time storage of fast ion beams,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R1577–R1580 (1997).

1995

For a review of ion traps see, e.g., I. Bergstrom, C. Carlberg, and R. Schuch, eds., “Trapped charged particles and related fundamental physics, Proceedings of Nobel Symposium 91, Phys. Scr. T59, 21–434 (1995).

Alstein, N.

D. Strasser, K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, R. Wester, O. Heber, A. Lafosse, M. L. Rappaport, N. Alstein, and D. Zajfman, “Charge-transfer dissociation of vibrationally cold HeH+: evidence for and lifetime of the a 3Σ+ metastable state,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 060705 (2000).

K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, N. Alstein, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Radiative lifetime of the metastable 1S0 state of Xe2+,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012504 (2000).

A. Wolf, K. G. Bhushan, I. Ben Itzhak, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of He using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 267–270 (1999).

L. Knoll, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of Be(2s2p2 4P3/2) using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 1710–1712 (1999).

R. Wester, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Radiative lifetime measurement of the a 3Σ+ metastable state of NO+ using a new type of electrostatic ion trap,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 11830–11834 (1999).

Altstein, N.

M. Dahan, R. Fishman, O. Heber, M. Rappaport, N. Altstein, W. J. van der Zande, and D. Zajfman, “A new type of electrostatic ion trap for storage of fast ion beams,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 76–83 (1998).

Amarant, B.

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, B. Amarant, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Diffusion and synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 042704 (2002).

Ben Itzhak, I.

A. Wolf, K. G. Bhushan, I. Ben Itzhak, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of He using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 267–270 (1999).

Ben-Itzhak, I.

D. Zajfman, O. Heber, L. Vejby-Christensen, I. Ben-Itzhak, M. Rappaport, R. Fishman, and M. Dahan, “An electrostatic bottle for long time storage of fast ion beams,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R1577–R1580 (1997).

Bergstrom, I.

For a review of ion traps see, e.g., I. Bergstrom, C. Carlberg, and R. Schuch, eds., “Trapped charged particles and related fundamental physics, Proceedings of Nobel Symposium 91, Phys. Scr. T59, 21–434 (1995).

Bhushan, K. G.

K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, N. Alstein, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Radiative lifetime of the metastable 1S0 state of Xe2+,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012504 (2000).

D. Strasser, K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, R. Wester, O. Heber, A. Lafosse, M. L. Rappaport, N. Alstein, and D. Zajfman, “Charge-transfer dissociation of vibrationally cold HeH+: evidence for and lifetime of the a 3Σ+ metastable state,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 060705 (2000).

R. Wester, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Radiative lifetime measurement of the a 3Σ+ metastable state of NO+ using a new type of electrostatic ion trap,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 11830–11834 (1999).

A. Wolf, K. G. Bhushan, I. Ben Itzhak, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of He using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 267–270 (1999).

L. Knoll, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of Be(2s2p2 4P3/2) using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 1710–1712 (1999).

Carlberg, C.

For a review of ion traps see, e.g., I. Bergstrom, C. Carlberg, and R. Schuch, eds., “Trapped charged particles and related fundamental physics, Proceedings of Nobel Symposium 91, Phys. Scr. T59, 21–434 (1995).

Dahan, M.

M. Dahan, R. Fishman, O. Heber, M. Rappaport, N. Altstein, W. J. van der Zande, and D. Zajfman, “A new type of electrostatic ion trap for storage of fast ion beams,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 76–83 (1998).

D. Zajfman, O. Heber, L. Vejby-Christensen, I. Ben-Itzhak, M. Rappaport, R. Fishman, and M. Dahan, “An electrostatic bottle for long time storage of fast ion beams,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R1577–R1580 (1997).

Diner, A.

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

Fishman, R.

M. Dahan, R. Fishman, O. Heber, M. Rappaport, N. Altstein, W. J. van der Zande, and D. Zajfman, “A new type of electrostatic ion trap for storage of fast ion beams,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 76–83 (1998).

D. Zajfman, O. Heber, L. Vejby-Christensen, I. Ben-Itzhak, M. Rappaport, R. Fishman, and M. Dahan, “An electrostatic bottle for long time storage of fast ion beams,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R1577–R1580 (1997).

Geyer, T.

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

Goldberg, S.

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

Heber, O.

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, B. Amarant, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Diffusion and synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 042704 (2002).

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, S. Ring, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, and D. Zajfman, “Ion motion synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 055001 (2001).

K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, N. Alstein, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Radiative lifetime of the metastable 1S0 state of Xe2+,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012504 (2000).

D. Strasser, K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, R. Wester, O. Heber, A. Lafosse, M. L. Rappaport, N. Alstein, and D. Zajfman, “Charge-transfer dissociation of vibrationally cold HeH+: evidence for and lifetime of the a 3Σ+ metastable state,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 060705 (2000).

R. Wester, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Radiative lifetime measurement of the a 3Σ+ metastable state of NO+ using a new type of electrostatic ion trap,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 11830–11834 (1999).

A. Wolf, K. G. Bhushan, I. Ben Itzhak, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of He using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 267–270 (1999).

L. Knoll, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of Be(2s2p2 4P3/2) using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 1710–1712 (1999).

M. Dahan, R. Fishman, O. Heber, M. Rappaport, N. Altstein, W. J. van der Zande, and D. Zajfman, “A new type of electrostatic ion trap for storage of fast ion beams,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 76–83 (1998).

D. Zajfman, O. Heber, L. Vejby-Christensen, I. Ben-Itzhak, M. Rappaport, R. Fishman, and M. Dahan, “An electrostatic bottle for long time storage of fast ion beams,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R1577–R1580 (1997).

Knoll, L.

L. Knoll, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of Be(2s2p2 4P3/2) using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 1710–1712 (1999).

Lafosse, A.

D. Strasser, K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, R. Wester, O. Heber, A. Lafosse, M. L. Rappaport, N. Alstein, and D. Zajfman, “Charge-transfer dissociation of vibrationally cold HeH+: evidence for and lifetime of the a 3Σ+ metastable state,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 060705 (2000).

Pedersen, H. B.

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, B. Amarant, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Diffusion and synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 042704 (2002).

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, S. Ring, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, and D. Zajfman, “Ion motion synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 055001 (2001).

K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, N. Alstein, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Radiative lifetime of the metastable 1S0 state of Xe2+,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012504 (2000).

D. Strasser, K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, R. Wester, O. Heber, A. Lafosse, M. L. Rappaport, N. Alstein, and D. Zajfman, “Charge-transfer dissociation of vibrationally cold HeH+: evidence for and lifetime of the a 3Σ+ metastable state,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 060705 (2000).

Rappaport, M.

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

L. Knoll, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of Be(2s2p2 4P3/2) using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 1710–1712 (1999).

A. Wolf, K. G. Bhushan, I. Ben Itzhak, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of He using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 267–270 (1999).

R. Wester, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Radiative lifetime measurement of the a 3Σ+ metastable state of NO+ using a new type of electrostatic ion trap,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 11830–11834 (1999).

M. Dahan, R. Fishman, O. Heber, M. Rappaport, N. Altstein, W. J. van der Zande, and D. Zajfman, “A new type of electrostatic ion trap for storage of fast ion beams,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 76–83 (1998).

D. Zajfman, O. Heber, L. Vejby-Christensen, I. Ben-Itzhak, M. Rappaport, R. Fishman, and M. Dahan, “An electrostatic bottle for long time storage of fast ion beams,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R1577–R1580 (1997).

Rappaport, M. L.

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, B. Amarant, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Diffusion and synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 042704 (2002).

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, S. Ring, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, and D. Zajfman, “Ion motion synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 055001 (2001).

K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, N. Alstein, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Radiative lifetime of the metastable 1S0 state of Xe2+,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012504 (2000).

D. Strasser, K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, R. Wester, O. Heber, A. Lafosse, M. L. Rappaport, N. Alstein, and D. Zajfman, “Charge-transfer dissociation of vibrationally cold HeH+: evidence for and lifetime of the a 3Σ+ metastable state,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 060705 (2000).

Ring, S.

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, S. Ring, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, and D. Zajfman, “Ion motion synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 055001 (2001).

Rudich, Y.

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, S. Ring, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, and D. Zajfman, “Ion motion synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 055001 (2001).

Sagi, I.

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, S. Ring, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, and D. Zajfman, “Ion motion synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 055001 (2001).

Schuch, R.

For a review of ion traps see, e.g., I. Bergstrom, C. Carlberg, and R. Schuch, eds., “Trapped charged particles and related fundamental physics, Proceedings of Nobel Symposium 91, Phys. Scr. T59, 21–434 (1995).

Strasser, D.

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, B. Amarant, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Diffusion and synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 042704 (2002).

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, S. Ring, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, and D. Zajfman, “Ion motion synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 055001 (2001).

D. Strasser, K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, R. Wester, O. Heber, A. Lafosse, M. L. Rappaport, N. Alstein, and D. Zajfman, “Charge-transfer dissociation of vibrationally cold HeH+: evidence for and lifetime of the a 3Σ+ metastable state,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 060705 (2000).

Tannor, D. J.

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

van der Zande, W. J.

M. Dahan, R. Fishman, O. Heber, M. Rappaport, N. Altstein, W. J. van der Zande, and D. Zajfman, “A new type of electrostatic ion trap for storage of fast ion beams,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 76–83 (1998).

Vejby-Christensen, L.

D. Zajfman, O. Heber, L. Vejby-Christensen, I. Ben-Itzhak, M. Rappaport, R. Fishman, and M. Dahan, “An electrostatic bottle for long time storage of fast ion beams,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R1577–R1580 (1997).

Wester, R.

D. Strasser, K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, R. Wester, O. Heber, A. Lafosse, M. L. Rappaport, N. Alstein, and D. Zajfman, “Charge-transfer dissociation of vibrationally cold HeH+: evidence for and lifetime of the a 3Σ+ metastable state,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 060705 (2000).

R. Wester, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Radiative lifetime measurement of the a 3Σ+ metastable state of NO+ using a new type of electrostatic ion trap,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 11830–11834 (1999).

Wolf, A.

A. Wolf, K. G. Bhushan, I. Ben Itzhak, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of He using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 267–270 (1999).

Zajfman, D.

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, B. Amarant, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Diffusion and synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 042704 (2002).

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, S. Ring, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, and D. Zajfman, “Ion motion synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 055001 (2001).

K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, N. Alstein, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Radiative lifetime of the metastable 1S0 state of Xe2+,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012504 (2000).

D. Strasser, K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, R. Wester, O. Heber, A. Lafosse, M. L. Rappaport, N. Alstein, and D. Zajfman, “Charge-transfer dissociation of vibrationally cold HeH+: evidence for and lifetime of the a 3Σ+ metastable state,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 060705 (2000).

R. Wester, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Radiative lifetime measurement of the a 3Σ+ metastable state of NO+ using a new type of electrostatic ion trap,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 11830–11834 (1999).

A. Wolf, K. G. Bhushan, I. Ben Itzhak, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of He using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 267–270 (1999).

L. Knoll, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of Be(2s2p2 4P3/2) using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 1710–1712 (1999).

M. Dahan, R. Fishman, O. Heber, M. Rappaport, N. Altstein, W. J. van der Zande, and D. Zajfman, “A new type of electrostatic ion trap for storage of fast ion beams,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 76–83 (1998).

D. Zajfman, O. Heber, L. Vejby-Christensen, I. Ben-Itzhak, M. Rappaport, R. Fishman, and M. Dahan, “An electrostatic bottle for long time storage of fast ion beams,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R1577–R1580 (1997).

J. Chem. Phys.

R. Wester, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Radiative lifetime measurement of the a 3Σ+ metastable state of NO+ using a new type of electrostatic ion trap,” J. Chem. Phys. 110, 11830–11834 (1999).

Phys. Rev. A

K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, N. Alstein, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Radiative lifetime of the metastable 1S0 state of Xe2+,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012504 (2000).

D. Strasser, K. G. Bhushan, H. B. Pedersen, R. Wester, O. Heber, A. Lafosse, M. L. Rappaport, N. Alstein, and D. Zajfman, “Charge-transfer dissociation of vibrationally cold HeH+: evidence for and lifetime of the a 3Σ+ metastable state,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 060705 (2000).

D. Zajfman, O. Heber, L. Vejby-Christensen, I. Ben-Itzhak, M. Rappaport, R. Fishman, and M. Dahan, “An electrostatic bottle for long time storage of fast ion beams,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R1577–R1580 (1997).

L. Knoll, K. G. Bhushan, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of Be(2s2p2 4P3/2) using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 1710–1712 (1999).

A. Wolf, K. G. Bhushan, I. Ben Itzhak, N. Alstein, D. Zajfman, O. Heber, and M. Rappaport, “Lifetime measurement of He using an electrostatic ion trap,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 267–270 (1999).

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, B. Amarant, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, and D. Zajfman, “Diffusion and synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 042704 (2002).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. Strasser, T. Geyer, H. B. Pedersen, O. Heber, S. Goldberg, B. Amarant, A. Diner, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, M. Rappaport, D. J. Tannor, and D. Zajfman, “Negative mass instability for interacting particles in a 1D box: theory and an application,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 283204 (2002).

H. B. Pedersen, D. Strasser, S. Ring, O. Heber, M. L. Rappaport, Y. Rudich, I. Sagi, and D. Zajfman, “Ion motion synchronization in an ion-trap resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 055001 (2001).

Phys. Scr.

For a review of ion traps see, e.g., I. Bergstrom, C. Carlberg, and R. Schuch, eds., “Trapped charged particles and related fundamental physics, Proceedings of Nobel Symposium 91, Phys. Scr. T59, 21–434 (1995).

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

M. Dahan, R. Fishman, O. Heber, M. Rappaport, N. Altstein, W. J. van der Zande, and D. Zajfman, “A new type of electrostatic ion trap for storage of fast ion beams,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 76–83 (1998).

Other

C. E. Nielsen, A. M. Sessler, and K. R. Symon, High Energy Accelerators and Instrumentation (CERN, Geneva, 1959), pp. 239–254.

For a review see J. Lawson, The Physics of Charged Particle Beams, 2nd ed. (Clarendon, Oxford, 1988).

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