L. C. Andreani and M. Agio, “Photonic bands and gap maps in a photonic crystal slab,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 891–898 (2002).

E. Chow, S. Y. Lin, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407, 983–986 (2000).

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, “Optical study of two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystals by internal light source technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786–799 (2002).

J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, R. Houdré, S. Anand, and J. Berggren, “Nanofabrication of high quality photonic crystals for integrated optics circuits,” Nanotechnology 13, 341–345 (2002).

L. C. Andreani and M. Agio, “Photonic bands and gap maps in a photonic crystal slab,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 891–898 (2002).

N. Carlsson, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, T. Takemori, Y. Katayama, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Design, nano-fabrication and analysis of near-infrared 2D photonic crystal air-bridge structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 123–131 (2002).

S. Yamada, T. Koyama, Y. Katayama, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Observation of light propagation in two-dimensional photonic crystal-based bent optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 855–858 (2001).

D. M. Atkin, P. S. J. Russell, T. A. Birks, and P. J. Robert, “Photonic band structure of guided Bloch modes in high index films fully etched through with periodic microstructure,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1035–1053 (1996).

N. Fukaya, D. Ohsaki, and T. Baba, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides with 60 degrees bends in a thin slab structure,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2619–2623 (2000).

W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, and D. De Zutter, “Out-of-plane scattering in photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 565–567 (2001).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, and V. Bardinal, “Diffraction efficiency and guided light control by two-dimensional photonic-bandgap lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1045–1052 (1999).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. M. D. L. Rue, V. Bardinal, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Quantitative measurement of transmission, reflection, and diffraction of two-dimensional photonic band gap structures at near-infrared wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4147–4150 (1997).

H. Benisty, P. Lalanne, S. Olivier, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Finite-depth and intrinsic losses in vertically etched two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 205–215 (2002).

M. Qiu, B. Jaskorzynska, M. Swillo, and H. Benisty, “Time-domain 2D modeling of slab-waveguide based photonic-crystal devices in the presence of out-of-plane radiation losses,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 34, 387–393 (2002).

P. Lalanne and H. Benisty, “Out-of-plane losses of two-dimensional photonic crystals waveguides: electromagnetic analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 1512–1514 (2001).

H. Benisty, D. Labilloy, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, A. Beraud, and C. Jouanin, “Radiation losses of waveguide-based two-dimensional photonic crystals: positive role of the substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 532–534 (2000).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, and V. Bardinal, “Diffraction efficiency and guided light control by two-dimensional photonic-bandgap lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1045–1052 (1999).

H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2063–2077 (1999).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. M. D. L. Rue, V. Bardinal, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Quantitative measurement of transmission, reflection, and diffraction of two-dimensional photonic band gap structures at near-infrared wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4147–4150 (1997).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, “Use of guided spontaneous emission of a semiconductor to probe the optical properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 738–740 (1997).

H. Benisty, D. Labilloy, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, A. Beraud, and C. Jouanin, “Radiation losses of waveguide-based two-dimensional photonic crystals: positive role of the substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 532–534 (2000).

J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, R. Houdré, S. Anand, and J. Berggren, “Nanofabrication of high quality photonic crystals for integrated optics circuits,” Nanotechnology 13, 341–345 (2002).

W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, and D. De Zutter, “Out-of-plane scattering in photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 565–567 (2001).

D. M. Atkin, P. S. J. Russell, T. A. Birks, and P. J. Robert, “Photonic band structure of guided Bloch modes in high index films fully etched through with periodic microstructure,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1035–1053 (1996).

J. Schilling, R. B. Wehrspohn, A. Birner, F. Muller, R. Hillebrand, U. Gosele, S. W. Leonard, J. P. Mondia, F. Genereux, H. M. van Driel, P. Kramper, V. Sandoghdar, and K. Busch, “A model system for two-dimensional and three-dimensional photonic crystals: macroporous silicon,” J. Opt. A. Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S121–S132 (2001).

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, K. Busch, S. John, A. Birner, A. P. Li, F. Muller, U. Gosele, and V. Lehmann, “Attenuation of optical transmission within the band gap of thin two-dimensional macroporous silicon photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3063–3065 (1999).

W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, and D. De Zutter, “Out-of-plane scattering in photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 565–567 (2001).

T. F. Krauss, R. M. DeLaRue, and S. Brand, “Two-dimensional photonic-bandgap structures operating at near infrared wavelengths,” Nature 383, 699–702 (1996).

J. Schilling, R. B. Wehrspohn, A. Birner, F. Muller, R. Hillebrand, U. Gosele, S. W. Leonard, J. P. Mondia, F. Genereux, H. M. van Driel, P. Kramper, V. Sandoghdar, and K. Busch, “A model system for two-dimensional and three-dimensional photonic crystals: macroporous silicon,” J. Opt. A. Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S121–S132 (2001).

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, K. Busch, S. John, A. Birner, A. P. Li, F. Muller, U. Gosele, and V. Lehmann, “Attenuation of optical transmission within the band gap of thin two-dimensional macroporous silicon photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3063–3065 (1999).

U. Gruning, V. Lehmann, S. Ottow, and K. Busch, “Macroporous silicon with a complete two-dimensional photonic band gap centered at 5 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 747–749 (1996).

N. Carlsson, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, T. Takemori, Y. Katayama, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Design, nano-fabrication and analysis of near-infrared 2D photonic crystal air-bridge structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 123–131 (2002).

H. Benisty, P. Lalanne, S. Olivier, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Finite-depth and intrinsic losses in vertically etched two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 205–215 (2002).

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. L. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79 (15), 2312–2314 (2001).

H. Benisty, D. Labilloy, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, A. Beraud, and C. Jouanin, “Radiation losses of waveguide-based two-dimensional photonic crystals: positive role of the substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 532–534 (2000).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, and V. Bardinal, “Diffraction efficiency and guided light control by two-dimensional photonic-bandgap lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1045–1052 (1999).

H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2063–2077 (1999).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. M. D. L. Rue, V. Bardinal, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Quantitative measurement of transmission, reflection, and diffraction of two-dimensional photonic band gap structures at near-infrared wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4147–4150 (1997).

E. Chow, S. Y. Lin, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407, 983–986 (2000).

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Demonstration of highly efficient waveguiding in a photonic crystal slab at the 1.5-μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1297–1299 (2000).

B. D’Urso, O. Painter, J. O’Brien, T. Tombrello, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Modal reflectivity in finite-depth two-dimensional photonic-crystal microcavities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1155–1159 (1998).

A. Scherer, O. Painter, B. D’Urso, R. Lee, and A. Yariv, “InGaAsP photonic band gap crystal membrane microresonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 3906–3910 (1998).

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. L. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79 (15), 2312–2314 (2001).

H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2063–2077 (1999).

W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, and D. De Zutter, “Out-of-plane scattering in photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 565–567 (2001).

T. F. Krauss, R. M. DeLaRue, and S. Brand, “Two-dimensional photonic-bandgap structures operating at near infrared wavelengths,” Nature 383, 699–702 (1996).

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751–5758 (1999).

D. J. Ripin, K. Y. Lim, G. S. Petrich, P. R. Villeneuve, S. H. Fan, E. R. Thoen, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “One-dimensional photonic bandgap microcavities for strong optical confinement in GaAs and GaAs/Al_{x}O_{y} semiconductor waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2152–2160 (1999).

J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, R. Houdré, S. Anand, and J. Berggren, “Nanofabrication of high quality photonic crystals for integrated optics circuits,” Nanotechnology 13, 341–345 (2002).

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, “Optical study of two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystals by internal light source technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786–799 (2002).

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, “Optical study of two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystals by internal light source technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786–799 (2002).

J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, R. Houdré, S. Anand, and J. Berggren, “Nanofabrication of high quality photonic crystals for integrated optics circuits,” Nanotechnology 13, 341–345 (2002).

N. Fukaya, D. Ohsaki, and T. Baba, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides with 60 degrees bends in a thin slab structure,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2619–2623 (2000).

J. Schilling, R. B. Wehrspohn, A. Birner, F. Muller, R. Hillebrand, U. Gosele, S. W. Leonard, J. P. Mondia, F. Genereux, H. M. van Driel, P. Kramper, V. Sandoghdar, and K. Busch, “A model system for two-dimensional and three-dimensional photonic crystals: macroporous silicon,” J. Opt. A. Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S121–S132 (2001).

J. Schilling, R. B. Wehrspohn, A. Birner, F. Muller, R. Hillebrand, U. Gosele, S. W. Leonard, J. P. Mondia, F. Genereux, H. M. van Driel, P. Kramper, V. Sandoghdar, and K. Busch, “A model system for two-dimensional and three-dimensional photonic crystals: macroporous silicon,” J. Opt. A. Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S121–S132 (2001).

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, K. Busch, S. John, A. Birner, A. P. Li, F. Muller, U. Gosele, and V. Lehmann, “Attenuation of optical transmission within the band gap of thin two-dimensional macroporous silicon photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3063–3065 (1999).

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. L. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79 (15), 2312–2314 (2001).

U. Gruning, V. Lehmann, S. Ottow, and K. Busch, “Macroporous silicon with a complete two-dimensional photonic band gap centered at 5 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 747–749 (1996).

M. Qiu and S. L. He, “FDTD algorithm for computing the off-plane band structure in a two-dimensional photonic crystal with dielectric or metallic inclusions,” Phys. Lett. A 278, 348–354 (2001).

M. Qiu and S. L. He, “Numerical method for computing defect modes in two-dimensional photonic crystals with dielectric or metallic inclusions,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 12871–12876 (2000).

M. Qiu and S. L. He, “A nonorthogonal finite-difference time-domain method for computing the band structure of a two-dimensional photonic crystal with dielectric and metallic inclusions,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 8268–8275 (2000).

M. Qiu and S. L. He, “Guided modes in a two-dimensional metallic photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Lett. A 266, 425–429 (2000).

J. Schilling, R. B. Wehrspohn, A. Birner, F. Muller, R. Hillebrand, U. Gosele, S. W. Leonard, J. P. Mondia, F. Genereux, H. M. van Driel, P. Kramper, V. Sandoghdar, and K. Busch, “A model system for two-dimensional and three-dimensional photonic crystals: macroporous silicon,” J. Opt. A. Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S121–S132 (2001).

E. Chow, S. Y. Lin, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407, 983–986 (2000).

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, “Optical study of two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystals by internal light source technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786–799 (2002).

J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, R. Houdré, S. Anand, and J. Berggren, “Nanofabrication of high quality photonic crystals for integrated optics circuits,” Nanotechnology 13, 341–345 (2002).

H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2063–2077 (1999).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, and V. Bardinal, “Diffraction efficiency and guided light control by two-dimensional photonic-bandgap lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1045–1052 (1999).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, “Use of guided spontaneous emission of a semiconductor to probe the optical properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 738–740 (1997).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. M. D. L. Rue, V. Bardinal, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Quantitative measurement of transmission, reflection, and diffraction of two-dimensional photonic band gap structures at near-infrared wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4147–4150 (1997).

N. Carlsson, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, T. Takemori, Y. Katayama, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Design, nano-fabrication and analysis of near-infrared 2D photonic crystal air-bridge structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 123–131 (2002).

S. Yamada, T. Koyama, Y. Katayama, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Observation of light propagation in two-dimensional photonic crystal-based bent optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 855–858 (2001).

N. Carlsson, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, T. Takemori, Y. Katayama, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Design, nano-fabrication and analysis of near-infrared 2D photonic crystal air-bridge structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 123–131 (2002).

S. Yamada, T. Koyama, Y. Katayama, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Observation of light propagation in two-dimensional photonic crystal-based bent optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 855–858 (2001).

D. J. Ripin, K. Y. Lim, G. S. Petrich, P. R. Villeneuve, S. H. Fan, E. R. Thoen, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “One-dimensional photonic bandgap microcavities for strong optical confinement in GaAs and GaAs/Al_{x}O_{y} semiconductor waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2152–2160 (1999).

M. Qiu, B. Jaskorzynska, M. Swillo, and H. Benisty, “Time-domain 2D modeling of slab-waveguide based photonic-crystal devices in the presence of out-of-plane radiation losses,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 34, 387–393 (2002).

E. Chow, S. Y. Lin, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407, 983–986 (2000).

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Demonstration of highly efficient waveguiding in a photonic crystal slab at the 1.5-μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1297–1299 (2000).

D. J. Ripin, K. Y. Lim, G. S. Petrich, P. R. Villeneuve, S. H. Fan, E. R. Thoen, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “One-dimensional photonic bandgap microcavities for strong optical confinement in GaAs and GaAs/Al_{x}O_{y} semiconductor waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2152–2160 (1999).

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751–5758 (1999).

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, K. Busch, S. John, A. Birner, A. P. Li, F. Muller, U. Gosele, and V. Lehmann, “Attenuation of optical transmission within the band gap of thin two-dimensional macroporous silicon photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3063–3065 (1999).

E. Chow, S. Y. Lin, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407, 983–986 (2000).

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Demonstration of highly efficient waveguiding in a photonic crystal slab at the 1.5-μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1297–1299 (2000).

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751–5758 (1999).

H. Benisty, P. Lalanne, S. Olivier, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Finite-depth and intrinsic losses in vertically etched two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 205–215 (2002).

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. L. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79 (15), 2312–2314 (2001).

H. Benisty, D. Labilloy, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, A. Beraud, and C. Jouanin, “Radiation losses of waveguide-based two-dimensional photonic crystals: positive role of the substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 532–534 (2000).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, and V. Bardinal, “Diffraction efficiency and guided light control by two-dimensional photonic-bandgap lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1045–1052 (1999).

H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2063–2077 (1999).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. M. D. L. Rue, V. Bardinal, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Quantitative measurement of transmission, reflection, and diffraction of two-dimensional photonic band gap structures at near-infrared wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4147–4150 (1997).

J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, R. Houdré, S. Anand, and J. Berggren, “Nanofabrication of high quality photonic crystals for integrated optics circuits,” Nanotechnology 13, 341–345 (2002).

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, “Optical study of two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystals by internal light source technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786–799 (2002).

N. Carlsson, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, T. Takemori, Y. Katayama, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Design, nano-fabrication and analysis of near-infrared 2D photonic crystal air-bridge structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 123–131 (2002).

S. Yamada, T. Koyama, Y. Katayama, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Observation of light propagation in two-dimensional photonic crystal-based bent optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 855–858 (2001).

N. Carlsson, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, T. Takemori, Y. Katayama, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Design, nano-fabrication and analysis of near-infrared 2D photonic crystal air-bridge structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 123–131 (2002).

S. Yamada, T. Koyama, Y. Katayama, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Observation of light propagation in two-dimensional photonic crystal-based bent optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 855–858 (2001).

D. J. Ripin, K. Y. Lim, G. S. Petrich, P. R. Villeneuve, S. H. Fan, E. R. Thoen, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “One-dimensional photonic bandgap microcavities for strong optical confinement in GaAs and GaAs/Al_{x}O_{y} semiconductor waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2152–2160 (1999).

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751–5758 (1999).

S. Yamada, T. Koyama, Y. Katayama, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Observation of light propagation in two-dimensional photonic crystal-based bent optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 855–858 (2001).

J. Schilling, R. B. Wehrspohn, A. Birner, F. Muller, R. Hillebrand, U. Gosele, S. W. Leonard, J. P. Mondia, F. Genereux, H. M. van Driel, P. Kramper, V. Sandoghdar, and K. Busch, “A model system for two-dimensional and three-dimensional photonic crystals: macroporous silicon,” J. Opt. A. Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S121–S132 (2001).

H. Benisty, P. Lalanne, S. Olivier, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Finite-depth and intrinsic losses in vertically etched two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 205–215 (2002).

H. Benisty, D. Labilloy, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, A. Beraud, and C. Jouanin, “Radiation losses of waveguide-based two-dimensional photonic crystals: positive role of the substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 532–534 (2000).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, and V. Bardinal, “Diffraction efficiency and guided light control by two-dimensional photonic-bandgap lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1045–1052 (1999).

H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2063–2077 (1999).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. M. D. L. Rue, V. Bardinal, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Quantitative measurement of transmission, reflection, and diffraction of two-dimensional photonic band gap structures at near-infrared wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4147–4150 (1997).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, “Use of guided spontaneous emission of a semiconductor to probe the optical properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 738–740 (1997).

T. F. Krauss, R. M. DeLaRue, and S. Brand, “Two-dimensional photonic-bandgap structures operating at near infrared wavelengths,” Nature 383, 699–702 (1996).

H. Benisty, D. Labilloy, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, A. Beraud, and C. Jouanin, “Radiation losses of waveguide-based two-dimensional photonic crystals: positive role of the substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 532–534 (2000).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, and V. Bardinal, “Diffraction efficiency and guided light control by two-dimensional photonic-bandgap lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1045–1052 (1999).

H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2063–2077 (1999).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, “Use of guided spontaneous emission of a semiconductor to probe the optical properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 738–740 (1997).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. M. D. L. Rue, V. Bardinal, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Quantitative measurement of transmission, reflection, and diffraction of two-dimensional photonic band gap structures at near-infrared wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4147–4150 (1997).

H. Benisty, P. Lalanne, S. Olivier, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Finite-depth and intrinsic losses in vertically etched two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 205–215 (2002).

M. Palamaru and P. Lalanne, “Photonic crystal waveguides: out-of-plane losses and adiabatic modal conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1466–1468 (2001).

P. Lalanne and H. Benisty, “Out-of-plane losses of two-dimensional photonic crystals waveguides: electromagnetic analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 1512–1514 (2001).

A. Scherer, O. Painter, B. D’Urso, R. Lee, and A. Yariv, “InGaAsP photonic band gap crystal membrane microresonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 3906–3910 (1998).

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, K. Busch, S. John, A. Birner, A. P. Li, F. Muller, U. Gosele, and V. Lehmann, “Attenuation of optical transmission within the band gap of thin two-dimensional macroporous silicon photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3063–3065 (1999).

U. Gruning, V. Lehmann, S. Ottow, and K. Busch, “Macroporous silicon with a complete two-dimensional photonic band gap centered at 5 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 747–749 (1996).

J. Schilling, R. B. Wehrspohn, A. Birner, F. Muller, R. Hillebrand, U. Gosele, S. W. Leonard, J. P. Mondia, F. Genereux, H. M. van Driel, P. Kramper, V. Sandoghdar, and K. Busch, “A model system for two-dimensional and three-dimensional photonic crystals: macroporous silicon,” J. Opt. A. Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S121–S132 (2001).

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, K. Busch, S. John, A. Birner, A. P. Li, F. Muller, U. Gosele, and V. Lehmann, “Attenuation of optical transmission within the band gap of thin two-dimensional macroporous silicon photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3063–3065 (1999).

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. L. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79 (15), 2312–2314 (2001).

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, “Optical study of two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystals by internal light source technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786–799 (2002).

J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, R. Houdré, S. Anand, and J. Berggren, “Nanofabrication of high quality photonic crystals for integrated optics circuits,” Nanotechnology 13, 341–345 (2002).

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, K. Busch, S. John, A. Birner, A. P. Li, F. Muller, U. Gosele, and V. Lehmann, “Attenuation of optical transmission within the band gap of thin two-dimensional macroporous silicon photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3063–3065 (1999).

D. J. Ripin, K. Y. Lim, G. S. Petrich, P. R. Villeneuve, S. H. Fan, E. R. Thoen, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “One-dimensional photonic bandgap microcavities for strong optical confinement in GaAs and GaAs/Al_{x}O_{y} semiconductor waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2152–2160 (1999).

S. Y. Lin, E. Chow, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Demonstration of highly efficient waveguiding in a photonic crystal slab at the 1.5-μm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1297–1299 (2000).

E. Chow, S. Y. Lin, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407, 983–986 (2000).

M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, “Photonic band structure of two-dimensional systems: the triangular lattice,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 8565–8571 (1991).

J. Schilling, R. B. Wehrspohn, A. Birner, F. Muller, R. Hillebrand, U. Gosele, S. W. Leonard, J. P. Mondia, F. Genereux, H. M. van Driel, P. Kramper, V. Sandoghdar, and K. Busch, “A model system for two-dimensional and three-dimensional photonic crystals: macroporous silicon,” J. Opt. A. Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S121–S132 (2001).

H. Rigneault and S. Monneret, “Modal analysis of spontaneous emission in a planar microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 2356–2368 (1996).

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, “Optical study of two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystals by internal light source technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786–799 (2002).

J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, R. Houdré, S. Anand, and J. Berggren, “Nanofabrication of high quality photonic crystals for integrated optics circuits,” Nanotechnology 13, 341–345 (2002).

J. Schilling, R. B. Wehrspohn, A. Birner, F. Muller, R. Hillebrand, U. Gosele, S. W. Leonard, J. P. Mondia, F. Genereux, H. M. van Driel, P. Kramper, V. Sandoghdar, and K. Busch, “A model system for two-dimensional and three-dimensional photonic crystals: macroporous silicon,” J. Opt. A. Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S121–S132 (2001).

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, K. Busch, S. John, A. Birner, A. P. Li, F. Muller, U. Gosele, and V. Lehmann, “Attenuation of optical transmission within the band gap of thin two-dimensional macroporous silicon photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3063–3065 (1999).

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, “Optical study of two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystals by internal light source technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786–799 (2002).

A. Shinya, M. Notomi, I. Yokohama, C. Takahashi, J. I. Takahashi, and T. Tamamura, “Two-dimensional Si photonic crystals on oxide using SOI substrate,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 113–121 (2002).

H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2063–2077 (1999).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, and V. Bardinal, “Diffraction efficiency and guided light control by two-dimensional photonic-bandgap lattices,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1045–1052 (1999).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. M. D. L. Rue, V. Bardinal, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Quantitative measurement of transmission, reflection, and diffraction of two-dimensional photonic band gap structures at near-infrared wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4147–4150 (1997).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, “Use of guided spontaneous emission of a semiconductor to probe the optical properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 738–740 (1997).

N. Fukaya, D. Ohsaki, and T. Baba, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides with 60 degrees bends in a thin slab structure,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 2619–2623 (2000).

H. Benisty, P. Lalanne, S. Olivier, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Finite-depth and intrinsic losses in vertically etched two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 205–215 (2002).

U. Gruning, V. Lehmann, S. Ottow, and K. Busch, “Macroporous silicon with a complete two-dimensional photonic band gap centered at 5 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 747–749 (1996).

B. D’Urso, O. Painter, J. O’Brien, T. Tombrello, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Modal reflectivity in finite-depth two-dimensional photonic-crystal microcavities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1155–1159 (1998).

A. Scherer, O. Painter, B. D’Urso, R. Lee, and A. Yariv, “InGaAsP photonic band gap crystal membrane microresonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 3906–3910 (1998).

M. Palamaru and P. Lalanne, “Photonic crystal waveguides: out-of-plane losses and adiabatic modal conversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1466–1468 (2001).

D. J. Ripin, K. Y. Lim, G. S. Petrich, P. R. Villeneuve, S. H. Fan, E. R. Thoen, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “One-dimensional photonic bandgap microcavities for strong optical confinement in GaAs and GaAs/Al_{x}O_{y} semiconductor waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2152–2160 (1999).

M. Plihal and A. A. Maradudin, “Photonic band structure of two-dimensional systems: the triangular lattice,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 8565–8571 (1991).

M. Qiu, B. Jaskorzynska, M. Swillo, and H. Benisty, “Time-domain 2D modeling of slab-waveguide based photonic-crystal devices in the presence of out-of-plane radiation losses,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 34, 387–393 (2002).

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, and R. Houdré, “Optical study of two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystals by internal light source technique,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786–799 (2002).

M. Qiu and S. L. He, “FDTD algorithm for computing the off-plane band structure in a two-dimensional photonic crystal with dielectric or metallic inclusions,” Phys. Lett. A 278, 348–354 (2001).

M. Qiu and S. L. He, “Numerical method for computing defect modes in two-dimensional photonic crystals with dielectric or metallic inclusions,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 12871–12876 (2000).

M. Qiu and S. L. He, “Guided modes in a two-dimensional metallic photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Lett. A 266, 425–429 (2000).

M. Qiu and S. L. He, “A nonorthogonal finite-difference time-domain method for computing the band structure of a two-dimensional photonic crystal with dielectric and metallic inclusions,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 8268–8275 (2000).

H. Benisty, P. Lalanne, S. Olivier, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Finite-depth and intrinsic losses in vertically etched two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 205–215 (2002).

H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2063–2077 (1999).

H. Rigneault and S. Monneret, “Modal analysis of spontaneous emission in a planar microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 2356–2368 (1996).

D. J. Ripin, K. Y. Lim, G. S. Petrich, P. R. Villeneuve, S. H. Fan, E. R. Thoen, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “One-dimensional photonic bandgap microcavities for strong optical confinement in GaAs and GaAs/Al_{x}O_{y} semiconductor waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2152–2160 (1999).

D. M. Atkin, P. S. J. Russell, T. A. Birks, and P. J. Robert, “Photonic band structure of guided Bloch modes in high index films fully etched through with periodic microstructure,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1035–1053 (1996).

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. L. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79 (15), 2312–2314 (2001).

D. Labilloy, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. M. D. L. Rue, V. Bardinal, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Quantitative measurement of transmission, reflection, and diffraction of two-dimensional photonic band gap structures at near-infrared wavelengths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4147–4150 (1997).

D. M. Atkin, P. S. J. Russell, T. A. Birks, and P. J. Robert, “Photonic band structure of guided Bloch modes in high index films fully etched through with periodic microstructure,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1035–1053 (1996).

J. Schilling, R. B. Wehrspohn, A. Birner, F. Muller, R. Hillebrand, U. Gosele, S. W. Leonard, J. P. Mondia, F. Genereux, H. M. van Driel, P. Kramper, V. Sandoghdar, and K. Busch, “A model system for two-dimensional and three-dimensional photonic crystals: macroporous silicon,” J. Opt. A. Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S121–S132 (2001).

A. Scherer, O. Painter, B. D’Urso, R. Lee, and A. Yariv, “InGaAsP photonic band gap crystal membrane microresonators,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 16, 3906–3910 (1998).

B. D’Urso, O. Painter, J. O’Brien, T. Tombrello, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Modal reflectivity in finite-depth two-dimensional photonic-crystal microcavities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1155–1159 (1998).

J. Schilling, R. B. Wehrspohn, A. Birner, F. Muller, R. Hillebrand, U. Gosele, S. W. Leonard, J. P. Mondia, F. Genereux, H. M. van Driel, P. Kramper, V. Sandoghdar, and K. Busch, “A model system for two-dimensional and three-dimensional photonic crystals: macroporous silicon,” J. Opt. A. Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S121–S132 (2001).

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. L. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79 (15), 2312–2314 (2001).

A. Shinya, M. Notomi, I. Yokohama, C. Takahashi, J. I. Takahashi, and T. Tamamura, “Two-dimensional Si photonic crystals on oxide using SOI substrate,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 113–121 (2002).

H. Benisty, P. Lalanne, S. Olivier, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Finite-depth and intrinsic losses in vertically etched two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 205–215 (2002).

H. Benisty, D. Labilloy, C. Weisbuch, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, D. Cassagne, A. Beraud, and C. Jouanin, “Radiation losses of waveguide-based two-dimensional photonic crystals: positive role of the substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 532–534 (2000).

H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, D. Labilloy, M. Rattier, C. J. M. Smith, T. F. Krauss, R. M. De la Rue, R. Houdré, U. Oesterle, C. Jouanin, and D. Cassagne, “Optical and confinement properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2063–2077 (1999).

N. Carlsson, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, T. Takemori, Y. Katayama, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Design, nano-fabrication and analysis of near-infrared 2D photonic crystal air-bridge structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 123–131 (2002).

S. Yamada, T. Koyama, Y. Katayama, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Observation of light propagation in two-dimensional photonic crystal-based bent optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 855–858 (2001).

M. Qiu, B. Jaskorzynska, M. Swillo, and H. Benisty, “Time-domain 2D modeling of slab-waveguide based photonic-crystal devices in the presence of out-of-plane radiation losses,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 34, 387–393 (2002).

W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, and D. De Zutter, “Out-of-plane scattering in photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 565–567 (2001).

A. Shinya, M. Notomi, I. Yokohama, C. Takahashi, J. I. Takahashi, and T. Tamamura, “Two-dimensional Si photonic crystals on oxide using SOI substrate,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 113–121 (2002).

A. Shinya, M. Notomi, I. Yokohama, C. Takahashi, J. I. Takahashi, and T. Tamamura, “Two-dimensional Si photonic crystals on oxide using SOI substrate,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 113–121 (2002).

N. Carlsson, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, T. Takemori, Y. Katayama, N. Kawai, and K. Inoue, “Design, nano-fabrication and analysis of near-infrared 2D photonic crystal air-bridge structures,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 123–131 (2002).

A. Shinya, M. Notomi, I. Yokohama, C. Takahashi, J. I. Takahashi, and T. Tamamura, “Two-dimensional Si photonic crystals on oxide using SOI substrate,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 113–121 (2002).

D. J. Ripin, K. Y. Lim, G. S. Petrich, P. R. Villeneuve, S. H. Fan, E. R. Thoen, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “One-dimensional photonic bandgap microcavities for strong optical confinement in GaAs and GaAs/Al_{x}O_{y} semiconductor waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2152–2160 (1999).

J. Schilling, R. B. Wehrspohn, A. Birner, F. Muller, R. Hillebrand, U. Gosele, S. W. Leonard, J. P. Mondia, F. Genereux, H. M. van Driel, P. Kramper, V. Sandoghdar, and K. Busch, “A model system for two-dimensional and three-dimensional photonic crystals: macroporous silicon,” J. Opt. A. Pure Appl. Opt. 3, S121–S132 (2001).

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, K. Busch, S. John, A. Birner, A. P. Li, F. Muller, U. Gosele, and V. Lehmann, “Attenuation of optical transmission within the band gap of thin two-dimensional macroporous silicon photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3063–3065 (1999).

E. Chow, S. Y. Lin, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407, 983–986 (2000).

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. L. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79 (15), 2312–2314 (2001).

E. Chow, S. Y. Lin, S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, J. R. Wendt, G. A. Vawter, W. Zubrzycki, H. Hou, and A. Alleman, “Three-dimensional control of light in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Nature 407, 983–986 (2000).

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751–5758 (1999).

D. J. Ripin, K. Y. Lim, G. S. Petrich, P. R. Villeneuve, S. H. Fan, E. R. Thoen, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “One-dimensional photonic bandgap microcavities for strong optical confinement in GaAs and GaAs/Al_{x}O_{y} semiconductor waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2152–2160 (1999).

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