Abstract

We report on the experimental observation of efficient all-resonant three-wave mixing using high-Q whispering-gallery modes. The modes were excited in a millimeter size toroidal cavity fabricated from LiNbO3. We implemented a low-noise resonant electro-optic modulator based on this wave mixing process. We observe an efficient modulation of light with coherent microwave pumping at 9 GHz with applied power of approximately 10 mW. Used as a receiver, the modulator allows us to detect nanowatt microwave radiation. Preliminary results with a 33-GHz modulator prototype are also reported. We present a theoretical interpretation of the experimental results and discuss possible applications of the device.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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