Abstract

The influence of annealing at 1000 °C on the absorption and luminescence spectra of chromium in aluminosilicate and gallium silicate fibers at temperatures of 77 and 300 K is investigated. The spectra of initially weak luminescence with a maximum at 1100 nm and a quantum yield of approximately 10-5 at 300 K shift to the 790–880-nm range in annealed fibers. After annealing the quantum yield increases by as much as 10%. The luminescence lifetime is found to be approximately 20 μs. The luminescence changes are explained by a rearrangement of the nearest environment and recharge of chromium ions (Cr4+ to Cr3+). The results obtained hold promise for the creation of tunable and ultrashort pulse fiber lasers.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Cr4+-doped silica optical fibres: absorption and fluorescence properties,” Eur. Phys. J. 11, 107–110 (2000).
  2. V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Chromium-doped silica optical fibres: influence of the core composition on the Cr oxidation states and crystal field,” Opt. Mater. 16, 279–287 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  3. G. H. Beall, “Transparent Cr4+doped forsterite glass-ceramics for photonic applications,” in Proceedings of the Nineteenth International Congress on Glass (Society of Glass Technology, Savile Street East, Sheffield SA 7UQ, UK), Vol. 2, pp. 170–171.
  4. X. Wu, S. Huang, W. M. Yen, B. G. Aitken, and M. A. Newhouse, “The temperature and excitation wavelength dependence of the luminescence from Cr4+ in MgCaBa aluminate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 120–126 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  5. V. V. Dvoyrin, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, A. N. Guryanov, A. Yu. Laptev, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and N. S. Vorobiev, “Absorption and luminescent properties of silica-based optical fibers doped with Cr4+,” Quantum Electron. 31, 996–998 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  6. B. Henderson, M. Yamaga, Y. Gao, and K. P. O’Donnell, “Disorder and nonradiative decay of Cr3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 652–661 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. Knutson, H. Liu, and W. M. Yen, “Spectroscopy of disordered low-field sites in Cr3+:mullite glass-ceramic,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 4264–4270 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. Knutson, H. Liu, and W. M. Yen, “Saturation-resolved-fluorescence spectroscopy of Cr3+:mullite glass-ceramic,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 8–14 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  9. K. A. Soubbotin, V. A. Smirnov, S. V. Kovaliov, H. J. Scheel, and E. V. Zharikov, “Growth and spectroscopic investigation of new promising crystal chromium (IV) doped germanoeucryptite,” Opt. Mater. 13, 405–410 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  10. N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Scherbitsky, B. I. Minkov, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, “Luminescence study of Cr4+-doped silicates,” Opt. Mater. 4, 507–513 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. Dieckmann, S. A. Markgraf, M. Higuchi, J. L. Mass, J. M. Burlitch, C. R. Pollock, and D. B. Barber, “Oxygen activity dependence of the chromium (IV) population in chromium/doped forsterite crystals grown by the floating zone technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 165, 250–257 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. G. Demos, B. Y. Han, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, “Upconverted hot luminescence of Cr4+ ions in Mg2GeO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2396–2400 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  13. W. Jia, L. Lu, B. M. Tissue, and W. M. Yen, “Valence and site occupation of chromium ions in single-crystal forsterite fibers,” J. Cryst. Growth 109, 323–328 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  14. D. G. Park, J. M. Burlitch, R. F. Geray, R. Dieckmann, D. B. Barber, and C. R. Pollock, “Sol-gel synthesis of chromium-doped forsterite,” Chem. Mater. 5, 518–524 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  15. K. Nassau, J. W. Shiever, and J. T. Krause, “Preparation and properties of fused silica containing alumina,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 58, 461 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  16. T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. J. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valence state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220, 139–146 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. F. MacDowell and G. H. Beal, “Immiscibility and crystallization in Al2O3–SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52, 17–25 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  18. K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, and T. Honda, “Aluminium or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
    [Crossref]

2001 (2)

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Chromium-doped silica optical fibres: influence of the core composition on the Cr oxidation states and crystal field,” Opt. Mater. 16, 279–287 (2001).
[Crossref]

V. V. Dvoyrin, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, A. N. Guryanov, A. Yu. Laptev, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and N. S. Vorobiev, “Absorption and luminescent properties of silica-based optical fibers doped with Cr4+,” Quantum Electron. 31, 996–998 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Cr4+-doped silica optical fibres: absorption and fluorescence properties,” Eur. Phys. J. 11, 107–110 (2000).

K. A. Soubbotin, V. A. Smirnov, S. V. Kovaliov, H. J. Scheel, and E. V. Zharikov, “Growth and spectroscopic investigation of new promising crystal chromium (IV) doped germanoeucryptite,” Opt. Mater. 13, 405–410 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. J. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valence state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220, 139–146 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (3)

R. Dieckmann, S. A. Markgraf, M. Higuchi, J. L. Mass, J. M. Burlitch, C. R. Pollock, and D. B. Barber, “Oxygen activity dependence of the chromium (IV) population in chromium/doped forsterite crystals grown by the floating zone technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 165, 250–257 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, B. Y. Han, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, “Upconverted hot luminescence of Cr4+ ions in Mg2GeO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2396–2400 (1996).
[Crossref]

X. Wu, S. Huang, W. M. Yen, B. G. Aitken, and M. A. Newhouse, “The temperature and excitation wavelength dependence of the luminescence from Cr4+ in MgCaBa aluminate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 120–126 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Scherbitsky, B. I. Minkov, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, “Luminescence study of Cr4+-doped silicates,” Opt. Mater. 4, 507–513 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

D. G. Park, J. M. Burlitch, R. F. Geray, R. Dieckmann, D. B. Barber, and C. R. Pollock, “Sol-gel synthesis of chromium-doped forsterite,” Chem. Mater. 5, 518–524 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

B. Henderson, M. Yamaga, Y. Gao, and K. P. O’Donnell, “Disorder and nonradiative decay of Cr3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 652–661 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

W. Jia, L. Lu, B. M. Tissue, and W. M. Yen, “Valence and site occupation of chromium ions in single-crystal forsterite fibers,” J. Cryst. Growth 109, 323–328 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

R. Knutson, H. Liu, and W. M. Yen, “Saturation-resolved-fluorescence spectroscopy of Cr3+:mullite glass-ceramic,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 8–14 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

R. Knutson, H. Liu, and W. M. Yen, “Spectroscopy of disordered low-field sites in Cr3+:mullite glass-ceramic,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 4264–4270 (1989).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, and T. Honda, “Aluminium or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

K. Nassau, J. W. Shiever, and J. T. Krause, “Preparation and properties of fused silica containing alumina,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 58, 461 (1975).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

J. F. MacDowell and G. H. Beal, “Immiscibility and crystallization in Al2O3–SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52, 17–25 (1969).
[Crossref]

Aitken, B. G.

X. Wu, S. Huang, W. M. Yen, B. G. Aitken, and M. A. Newhouse, “The temperature and excitation wavelength dependence of the luminescence from Cr4+ in MgCaBa aluminate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 120–126 (1996).
[Crossref]

Alfano, R. R.

Arai, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, and T. Honda, “Aluminium or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Barber, D. B.

R. Dieckmann, S. A. Markgraf, M. Higuchi, J. L. Mass, J. M. Burlitch, C. R. Pollock, and D. B. Barber, “Oxygen activity dependence of the chromium (IV) population in chromium/doped forsterite crystals grown by the floating zone technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 165, 250–257 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. G. Park, J. M. Burlitch, R. F. Geray, R. Dieckmann, D. B. Barber, and C. R. Pollock, “Sol-gel synthesis of chromium-doped forsterite,” Chem. Mater. 5, 518–524 (1993).
[Crossref]

Beal, G. H.

J. F. MacDowell and G. H. Beal, “Immiscibility and crystallization in Al2O3–SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52, 17–25 (1969).
[Crossref]

Beall, G. H.

G. H. Beall, “Transparent Cr4+doped forsterite glass-ceramics for photonic applications,” in Proceedings of the Nineteenth International Congress on Glass (Society of Glass Technology, Savile Street East, Sheffield SA 7UQ, UK), Vol. 2, pp. 170–171.

Burlitch, J. M.

R. Dieckmann, S. A. Markgraf, M. Higuchi, J. L. Mass, J. M. Burlitch, C. R. Pollock, and D. B. Barber, “Oxygen activity dependence of the chromium (IV) population in chromium/doped forsterite crystals grown by the floating zone technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 165, 250–257 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. G. Park, J. M. Burlitch, R. F. Geray, R. Dieckmann, D. B. Barber, and C. R. Pollock, “Sol-gel synthesis of chromium-doped forsterite,” Chem. Mater. 5, 518–524 (1993).
[Crossref]

Demos, S. G.

Dianov, E. M.

V. V. Dvoyrin, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, A. N. Guryanov, A. Yu. Laptev, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and N. S. Vorobiev, “Absorption and luminescent properties of silica-based optical fibers doped with Cr4+,” Quantum Electron. 31, 996–998 (2001).
[Crossref]

Dieckmann, R.

R. Dieckmann, S. A. Markgraf, M. Higuchi, J. L. Mass, J. M. Burlitch, C. R. Pollock, and D. B. Barber, “Oxygen activity dependence of the chromium (IV) population in chromium/doped forsterite crystals grown by the floating zone technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 165, 250–257 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. G. Park, J. M. Burlitch, R. F. Geray, R. Dieckmann, D. B. Barber, and C. R. Pollock, “Sol-gel synthesis of chromium-doped forsterite,” Chem. Mater. 5, 518–524 (1993).
[Crossref]

Dussardier, B.

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Chromium-doped silica optical fibres: influence of the core composition on the Cr oxidation states and crystal field,” Opt. Mater. 16, 279–287 (2001).
[Crossref]

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Cr4+-doped silica optical fibres: absorption and fluorescence properties,” Eur. Phys. J. 11, 107–110 (2000).

Dvoyrin, V. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, A. N. Guryanov, A. Yu. Laptev, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and N. S. Vorobiev, “Absorption and luminescent properties of silica-based optical fibers doped with Cr4+,” Quantum Electron. 31, 996–998 (2001).
[Crossref]

Felice, V.

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Chromium-doped silica optical fibres: influence of the core composition on the Cr oxidation states and crystal field,” Opt. Mater. 16, 279–287 (2001).
[Crossref]

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Cr4+-doped silica optical fibres: absorption and fluorescence properties,” Eur. Phys. J. 11, 107–110 (2000).

Gao, Y.

B. Henderson, M. Yamaga, Y. Gao, and K. P. O’Donnell, “Disorder and nonradiative decay of Cr3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 652–661 (1992).
[Crossref]

Geray, R. F.

D. G. Park, J. M. Burlitch, R. F. Geray, R. Dieckmann, D. B. Barber, and C. R. Pollock, “Sol-gel synthesis of chromium-doped forsterite,” Chem. Mater. 5, 518–524 (1993).
[Crossref]

Glynn, T. J.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Scherbitsky, B. I. Minkov, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, “Luminescence study of Cr4+-doped silicates,” Opt. Mater. 4, 507–513 (1995).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A. N.

V. V. Dvoyrin, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, A. N. Guryanov, A. Yu. Laptev, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and N. S. Vorobiev, “Absorption and luminescent properties of silica-based optical fibers doped with Cr4+,” Quantum Electron. 31, 996–998 (2001).
[Crossref]

Han, B. Y.

Henderson, B.

B. Henderson, M. Yamaga, Y. Gao, and K. P. O’Donnell, “Disorder and nonradiative decay of Cr3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 652–661 (1992).
[Crossref]

Higuchi, M.

R. Dieckmann, S. A. Markgraf, M. Higuchi, J. L. Mass, J. M. Burlitch, C. R. Pollock, and D. B. Barber, “Oxygen activity dependence of the chromium (IV) population in chromium/doped forsterite crystals grown by the floating zone technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 165, 250–257 (1996).
[Crossref]

Honda, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, and T. Honda, “Aluminium or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Huang, S.

X. Wu, S. Huang, W. M. Yen, B. G. Aitken, and M. A. Newhouse, “The temperature and excitation wavelength dependence of the luminescence from Cr4+ in MgCaBa aluminate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 120–126 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jia, W.

W. Jia, L. Lu, B. M. Tissue, and W. M. Yen, “Valence and site occupation of chromium ions in single-crystal forsterite fibers,” J. Cryst. Growth 109, 323–328 (1991).
[Crossref]

Jones, J. K.

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Chromium-doped silica optical fibres: influence of the core composition on the Cr oxidation states and crystal field,” Opt. Mater. 16, 279–287 (2001).
[Crossref]

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Cr4+-doped silica optical fibres: absorption and fluorescence properties,” Eur. Phys. J. 11, 107–110 (2000).

Knutson, R.

R. Knutson, H. Liu, and W. M. Yen, “Saturation-resolved-fluorescence spectroscopy of Cr3+:mullite glass-ceramic,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 8–14 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. Knutson, H. Liu, and W. M. Yen, “Spectroscopy of disordered low-field sites in Cr3+:mullite glass-ceramic,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 4264–4270 (1989).
[Crossref]

Kovaliov, S. V.

K. A. Soubbotin, V. A. Smirnov, S. V. Kovaliov, H. J. Scheel, and E. V. Zharikov, “Growth and spectroscopic investigation of new promising crystal chromium (IV) doped germanoeucryptite,” Opt. Mater. 13, 405–410 (2000).
[Crossref]

Krause, J. T.

K. Nassau, J. W. Shiever, and J. T. Krause, “Preparation and properties of fused silica containing alumina,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 58, 461 (1975).
[Crossref]

Kuleshov, N. V.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Scherbitsky, B. I. Minkov, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, “Luminescence study of Cr4+-doped silicates,” Opt. Mater. 4, 507–513 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kumata, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, and T. Honda, “Aluminium or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Laptev, A. Yu.

V. V. Dvoyrin, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, A. N. Guryanov, A. Yu. Laptev, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and N. S. Vorobiev, “Absorption and luminescent properties of silica-based optical fibers doped with Cr4+,” Quantum Electron. 31, 996–998 (2001).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

R. Knutson, H. Liu, and W. M. Yen, “Saturation-resolved-fluorescence spectroscopy of Cr3+:mullite glass-ceramic,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 8–14 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. Knutson, H. Liu, and W. M. Yen, “Spectroscopy of disordered low-field sites in Cr3+:mullite glass-ceramic,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 4264–4270 (1989).
[Crossref]

Lu, L.

W. Jia, L. Lu, B. M. Tissue, and W. M. Yen, “Valence and site occupation of chromium ions in single-crystal forsterite fibers,” J. Cryst. Growth 109, 323–328 (1991).
[Crossref]

MacDowell, J. F.

J. F. MacDowell and G. H. Beal, “Immiscibility and crystallization in Al2O3–SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52, 17–25 (1969).
[Crossref]

Markgraf, S. A.

R. Dieckmann, S. A. Markgraf, M. Higuchi, J. L. Mass, J. M. Burlitch, C. R. Pollock, and D. B. Barber, “Oxygen activity dependence of the chromium (IV) population in chromium/doped forsterite crystals grown by the floating zone technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 165, 250–257 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mashinsky, V. M.

V. V. Dvoyrin, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, A. N. Guryanov, A. Yu. Laptev, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and N. S. Vorobiev, “Absorption and luminescent properties of silica-based optical fibers doped with Cr4+,” Quantum Electron. 31, 996–998 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mass, J. L.

R. Dieckmann, S. A. Markgraf, M. Higuchi, J. L. Mass, J. M. Burlitch, C. R. Pollock, and D. B. Barber, “Oxygen activity dependence of the chromium (IV) population in chromium/doped forsterite crystals grown by the floating zone technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 165, 250–257 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mikhailov, V. P.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Scherbitsky, B. I. Minkov, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, “Luminescence study of Cr4+-doped silicates,” Opt. Mater. 4, 507–513 (1995).
[Crossref]

Minkov, B. I.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Scherbitsky, B. I. Minkov, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, “Luminescence study of Cr4+-doped silicates,” Opt. Mater. 4, 507–513 (1995).
[Crossref]

Monnom, G.

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Chromium-doped silica optical fibres: influence of the core composition on the Cr oxidation states and crystal field,” Opt. Mater. 16, 279–287 (2001).
[Crossref]

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Cr4+-doped silica optical fibres: absorption and fluorescence properties,” Eur. Phys. J. 11, 107–110 (2000).

Morinaga, K. J.

T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. J. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valence state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220, 139–146 (1997).
[Crossref]

Murata, T.

T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. J. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valence state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220, 139–146 (1997).
[Crossref]

Namikawa, H.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, and T. Honda, “Aluminium or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Nassau, K.

K. Nassau, J. W. Shiever, and J. T. Krause, “Preparation and properties of fused silica containing alumina,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 58, 461 (1975).
[Crossref]

Neustruev, V. B.

V. V. Dvoyrin, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, A. N. Guryanov, A. Yu. Laptev, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and N. S. Vorobiev, “Absorption and luminescent properties of silica-based optical fibers doped with Cr4+,” Quantum Electron. 31, 996–998 (2001).
[Crossref]

Newhouse, M. A.

X. Wu, S. Huang, W. M. Yen, B. G. Aitken, and M. A. Newhouse, “The temperature and excitation wavelength dependence of the luminescence from Cr4+ in MgCaBa aluminate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 120–126 (1996).
[Crossref]

O’Donnell, K. P.

B. Henderson, M. Yamaga, Y. Gao, and K. P. O’Donnell, “Disorder and nonradiative decay of Cr3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 652–661 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ostrovsky, D. B.

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Chromium-doped silica optical fibres: influence of the core composition on the Cr oxidation states and crystal field,” Opt. Mater. 16, 279–287 (2001).
[Crossref]

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Cr4+-doped silica optical fibres: absorption and fluorescence properties,” Eur. Phys. J. 11, 107–110 (2000).

Park, D. G.

D. G. Park, J. M. Burlitch, R. F. Geray, R. Dieckmann, D. B. Barber, and C. R. Pollock, “Sol-gel synthesis of chromium-doped forsterite,” Chem. Mater. 5, 518–524 (1993).
[Crossref]

Petricevic, V.

Pollock, C. R.

R. Dieckmann, S. A. Markgraf, M. Higuchi, J. L. Mass, J. M. Burlitch, C. R. Pollock, and D. B. Barber, “Oxygen activity dependence of the chromium (IV) population in chromium/doped forsterite crystals grown by the floating zone technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 165, 250–257 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. G. Park, J. M. Burlitch, R. F. Geray, R. Dieckmann, D. B. Barber, and C. R. Pollock, “Sol-gel synthesis of chromium-doped forsterite,” Chem. Mater. 5, 518–524 (1993).
[Crossref]

Scheel, H. J.

K. A. Soubbotin, V. A. Smirnov, S. V. Kovaliov, H. J. Scheel, and E. V. Zharikov, “Growth and spectroscopic investigation of new promising crystal chromium (IV) doped germanoeucryptite,” Opt. Mater. 13, 405–410 (2000).
[Crossref]

Scherbitsky, V. G.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Scherbitsky, B. I. Minkov, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, “Luminescence study of Cr4+-doped silicates,” Opt. Mater. 4, 507–513 (1995).
[Crossref]

Sherlock, R.

N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Scherbitsky, B. I. Minkov, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, “Luminescence study of Cr4+-doped silicates,” Opt. Mater. 4, 507–513 (1995).
[Crossref]

Shiever, J. W.

K. Nassau, J. W. Shiever, and J. T. Krause, “Preparation and properties of fused silica containing alumina,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 58, 461 (1975).
[Crossref]

Smirnov, V. A.

K. A. Soubbotin, V. A. Smirnov, S. V. Kovaliov, H. J. Scheel, and E. V. Zharikov, “Growth and spectroscopic investigation of new promising crystal chromium (IV) doped germanoeucryptite,” Opt. Mater. 13, 405–410 (2000).
[Crossref]

Soubbotin, K. A.

K. A. Soubbotin, V. A. Smirnov, S. V. Kovaliov, H. J. Scheel, and E. V. Zharikov, “Growth and spectroscopic investigation of new promising crystal chromium (IV) doped germanoeucryptite,” Opt. Mater. 13, 405–410 (2000).
[Crossref]

Takebe, H.

T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. J. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valence state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220, 139–146 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tissue, B. M.

W. Jia, L. Lu, B. M. Tissue, and W. M. Yen, “Valence and site occupation of chromium ions in single-crystal forsterite fibers,” J. Cryst. Growth 109, 323–328 (1991).
[Crossref]

Torisaka, M.

T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. J. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valence state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220, 139–146 (1997).
[Crossref]

Umnikov, A. A.

V. V. Dvoyrin, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, A. N. Guryanov, A. Yu. Laptev, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and N. S. Vorobiev, “Absorption and luminescent properties of silica-based optical fibers doped with Cr4+,” Quantum Electron. 31, 996–998 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vorobiev, N. S.

V. V. Dvoyrin, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, A. N. Guryanov, A. Yu. Laptev, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and N. S. Vorobiev, “Absorption and luminescent properties of silica-based optical fibers doped with Cr4+,” Quantum Electron. 31, 996–998 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

X. Wu, S. Huang, W. M. Yen, B. G. Aitken, and M. A. Newhouse, “The temperature and excitation wavelength dependence of the luminescence from Cr4+ in MgCaBa aluminate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 120–126 (1996).
[Crossref]

Yamaga, M.

B. Henderson, M. Yamaga, Y. Gao, and K. P. O’Donnell, “Disorder and nonradiative decay of Cr3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 652–661 (1992).
[Crossref]

Yashkov, M. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, A. N. Guryanov, A. Yu. Laptev, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and N. S. Vorobiev, “Absorption and luminescent properties of silica-based optical fibers doped with Cr4+,” Quantum Electron. 31, 996–998 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yen, W. M.

X. Wu, S. Huang, W. M. Yen, B. G. Aitken, and M. A. Newhouse, “The temperature and excitation wavelength dependence of the luminescence from Cr4+ in MgCaBa aluminate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 120–126 (1996).
[Crossref]

W. Jia, L. Lu, B. M. Tissue, and W. M. Yen, “Valence and site occupation of chromium ions in single-crystal forsterite fibers,” J. Cryst. Growth 109, 323–328 (1991).
[Crossref]

R. Knutson, H. Liu, and W. M. Yen, “Saturation-resolved-fluorescence spectroscopy of Cr3+:mullite glass-ceramic,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 8–14 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. Knutson, H. Liu, and W. M. Yen, “Spectroscopy of disordered low-field sites in Cr3+:mullite glass-ceramic,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 4264–4270 (1989).
[Crossref]

Zharikov, E. V.

K. A. Soubbotin, V. A. Smirnov, S. V. Kovaliov, H. J. Scheel, and E. V. Zharikov, “Growth and spectroscopic investigation of new promising crystal chromium (IV) doped germanoeucryptite,” Opt. Mater. 13, 405–410 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

D. G. Park, J. M. Burlitch, R. F. Geray, R. Dieckmann, D. B. Barber, and C. R. Pollock, “Sol-gel synthesis of chromium-doped forsterite,” Chem. Mater. 5, 518–524 (1993).
[Crossref]

Eur. Phys. J. (1)

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Cr4+-doped silica optical fibres: absorption and fluorescence properties,” Eur. Phys. J. 11, 107–110 (2000).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (2)

K. Nassau, J. W. Shiever, and J. T. Krause, “Preparation and properties of fused silica containing alumina,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 58, 461 (1975).
[Crossref]

J. F. MacDowell and G. H. Beal, “Immiscibility and crystallization in Al2O3–SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52, 17–25 (1969).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, and T. Honda, “Aluminium or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

W. Jia, L. Lu, B. M. Tissue, and W. M. Yen, “Valence and site occupation of chromium ions in single-crystal forsterite fibers,” J. Cryst. Growth 109, 323–328 (1991).
[Crossref]

R. Dieckmann, S. A. Markgraf, M. Higuchi, J. L. Mass, J. M. Burlitch, C. R. Pollock, and D. B. Barber, “Oxygen activity dependence of the chromium (IV) population in chromium/doped forsterite crystals grown by the floating zone technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 165, 250–257 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

T. Murata, M. Torisaka, H. Takebe, and K. J. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of the valence state of Cr ions in oxide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 220, 139–146 (1997).
[Crossref]

X. Wu, S. Huang, W. M. Yen, B. G. Aitken, and M. A. Newhouse, “The temperature and excitation wavelength dependence of the luminescence from Cr4+ in MgCaBa aluminate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 203, 120–126 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Mater. (3)

V. Felice, B. Dussardier, J. K. Jones, G. Monnom, and D. B. Ostrovsky, “Chromium-doped silica optical fibres: influence of the core composition on the Cr oxidation states and crystal field,” Opt. Mater. 16, 279–287 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. A. Soubbotin, V. A. Smirnov, S. V. Kovaliov, H. J. Scheel, and E. V. Zharikov, “Growth and spectroscopic investigation of new promising crystal chromium (IV) doped germanoeucryptite,” Opt. Mater. 13, 405–410 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. V. Kuleshov, V. P. Mikhailov, V. G. Scherbitsky, B. I. Minkov, T. J. Glynn, and R. Sherlock, “Luminescence study of Cr4+-doped silicates,” Opt. Mater. 4, 507–513 (1995).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

B. Henderson, M. Yamaga, Y. Gao, and K. P. O’Donnell, “Disorder and nonradiative decay of Cr3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 652–661 (1992).
[Crossref]

R. Knutson, H. Liu, and W. M. Yen, “Spectroscopy of disordered low-field sites in Cr3+:mullite glass-ceramic,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 4264–4270 (1989).
[Crossref]

R. Knutson, H. Liu, and W. M. Yen, “Saturation-resolved-fluorescence spectroscopy of Cr3+:mullite glass-ceramic,” Phys. Rev. B 41, 8–14 (1990).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (1)

V. V. Dvoyrin, E. M. Dianov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, A. N. Guryanov, A. Yu. Laptev, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and N. S. Vorobiev, “Absorption and luminescent properties of silica-based optical fibers doped with Cr4+,” Quantum Electron. 31, 996–998 (2001).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

G. H. Beall, “Transparent Cr4+doped forsterite glass-ceramics for photonic applications,” in Proceedings of the Nineteenth International Congress on Glass (Society of Glass Technology, Savile Street East, Sheffield SA 7UQ, UK), Vol. 2, pp. 170–171.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectra of initial and annealed FF-3 fiber (SiO2Ga2O3Cr).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of initial and annealed FF-4 fiber (SiO2Al2O3MgOCr) measured at temperatures of 300 and 77 K.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption spectra of initial FF-6 fiber (SiO2Al2O3MgOCr).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Luminescence spectra of annealed fibers FF-1, FF-3, and FF-4 (λexc=647 nm). The peak at 1294 nm is due to the exciting light in the second order of the monochromator transmission.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Concentration of Aluminum Oxide in Core Glass and Ion Concentration of Ga, Mg, Cr in a Salt Solution

Tables Icon

Table 2 Luminescence Quantum Yield in Initial Samples and After Annealing a

Tables Icon

Table 3 Luminescence Lifetime τ in Annealed Fibers

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