Abstract

We present and compare two continuous-wave optical parametric oscillators based on the nonlinear crystals periodically poled LiNbO3 (PPLN) and periodically poled RbTiOAsO4 (PPRTA) pumped internal to a high-power, all-solid-state Nd:YVO4 laser. At a diode pump power of 12 W, similar total extracted idler powers of over 440 mW were obtained from each system even though the nonlinearity of PPRTA is significantly less than that of PPLN. The spatial, power, and frequency stability of the PPRTA-based system outperformed those of the PPLN system. We attribute the poor performance of PPLN in these parameters to its susceptibility to thermal lensing.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, and R. L. Byer, “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 21, 713–715 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. F. G. Colville, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 22, 75–77 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and F. G. Colville, “High-power, continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1527–1529 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Low pump threshold, continuous-wave, singly resonant, optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1895–1897 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. U. Strossner, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, P. Urenski, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, “Single-frequency continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator system with an ultrawide tuning range of 550 to 2830 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1419–1424 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. M. Gibson, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4 and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 24, 397–399 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Popp, F. Muller, F. Kuhnemann, S. Schiller, G. von Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 751–754 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. A. Turnbull, D. McGloin, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Extended mode-hop-free tuning by use of a dual-cavity, pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 25, 341–343 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Schneider and S. Schiller, “Narrow-linewidth, pump-enhanced singly-resonant parametric oscillator pumped at 532 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 775 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. V. Kovalchuk, D. Dekorsy, A. I. Lvovsky, C. Braxmaier, J. Mlynek, A. Peters, and S. Schiller, “High-resolution doppler-free molecular spectroscopy with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1430–1432 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. D. Lindsay, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Doubly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-mode diode laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1889–1891 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–739 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Gross, M. E. Klein, T. Walde, K. J. Boller, M. Auerbach, P. Wessels, and C. Fallnich, “Fiber-laser-pumped continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 27, 418–420 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal Growth and Characterization of KTiOPO4 Isomorphs from the Self-Fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, “Quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102–2116 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. I. D. Lindsay, D. J. M. Stothard, C. F. Rae, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave, pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Express 11, 134–140 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. The PPLN crystal was supplied by Crystal Technology, Inc., 1040 East Meadow Circle, Palo Alto, Calif. 94303–4230., PPLN Crystal.
  20. The PPRTA crystal was supplied by Crystal Associates, Inc., PPRTA Crystal.
  21. G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, intracavity optical parametric oscillators: An analysis of power characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 701 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  22. G. A. Turnbull, D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Transient dynamics of CW intracavity singly resonant optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1666–1672 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  23. D. L. Fenimore, K. L. Schepler, D. Zelmon, S. Kuck, U. B. Ramabadran, P. VonRichter, and D. Small, “Rubidium titanyl arsenate difference-frequency generation and validation of new Sellmeier coefficients,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1935–1940 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  24. H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, “Frequency-doubling in periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Electron. Lett. 32, 556 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  25. K. Fradkin-Kashi, A. Arie, P. Urenski, and G. Rosenman, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear properties of periodically-poled RbTiOAsO4 in the midinfrared range via difference-frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 251–255 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

K. Fradkin-Kashi, A. Arie, P. Urenski, and G. Rosenman, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear properties of periodically-poled RbTiOAsO4 in the midinfrared range via difference-frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 251–255 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, D. McGloin, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Extended mode-hop-free tuning by use of a dual-cavity, pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 25, 341–343 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

G. M. Gibson, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4 and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 24, 397–399 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Transient dynamics of CW intracavity singly resonant optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1666–1672 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (6)

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and F. G. Colville, “High-power, continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1527–1529 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, intracavity optical parametric oscillators: An analysis of power characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 701 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 837–839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Lindsay, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Doubly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-mode diode laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1889–1891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Low pump threshold, continuous-wave, singly resonant, optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1895–1897 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

F. G. Colville, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 22, 75–77 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Turnbull, T. J. Edwards, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave singly-resonant intracavity optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1817–1818 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Schneider and S. Schiller, “Narrow-linewidth, pump-enhanced singly-resonant parametric oscillator pumped at 532 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 775 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal Growth and Characterization of KTiOPO4 Isomorphs from the Self-Fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, J. I.

Al-Tahtamouni, R.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

U. Strossner, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, P. Urenski, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, “Single-frequency continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator system with an ultrawide tuning range of 550 to 2830 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1419–1424 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Fradkin-Kashi, A. Arie, P. Urenski, and G. Rosenman, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear properties of periodically-poled RbTiOAsO4 in the midinfrared range via difference-frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 251–255 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Arvidsson, G.

Auerbach, M.

Bencheikh, K.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J. D.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal Growth and Characterization of KTiOPO4 Isomorphs from the Self-Fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K. J.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Braxmaier, C.

Byer, R. L.

Cheng, L. K.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal Growth and Characterization of KTiOPO4 Isomorphs from the Self-Fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. T.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal Growth and Characterization of KTiOPO4 Isomorphs from the Self-Fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Colville, F. G.

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and F. G. Colville, “High-power, continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1527–1529 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 22, 75–77 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dahnke, H.

A. Popp, F. Muller, F. Kuhnemann, S. Schiller, G. von Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 751–754 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dekorsy, D.

Drobshoff, A.

Dunn, M. H.

I. D. Lindsay, D. J. M. Stothard, C. F. Rae, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave, pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Express 11, 134–140 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Turnbull, D. McGloin, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Extended mode-hop-free tuning by use of a dual-cavity, pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 25, 341–343 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gibson, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4 and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 24, 397–399 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Transient dynamics of CW intracavity singly resonant optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1666–1672 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Lindsay, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Doubly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-mode diode laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1889–1891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 837–839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, intracavity optical parametric oscillators: An analysis of power characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 701 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and F. G. Colville, “High-power, continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1527–1529 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Low pump threshold, continuous-wave, singly resonant, optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1895–1897 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 22, 75–77 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Turnbull, T. J. Edwards, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave singly-resonant intracavity optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1817–1818 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

G. A. Turnbull, D. McGloin, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Extended mode-hop-free tuning by use of a dual-cavity, pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 25, 341–343 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gibson, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4 and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 24, 397–399 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Transient dynamics of CW intracavity singly resonant optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1666–1672 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Lindsay, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Doubly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-mode diode laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1889–1891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and F. G. Colville, “High-power, continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1527–1529 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, intracavity optical parametric oscillators: An analysis of power characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 701 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 837–839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Low pump threshold, continuous-wave, singly resonant, optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1895–1897 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 22, 75–77 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Turnbull, T. J. Edwards, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave singly-resonant intracavity optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1817–1818 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Edwards, T. J.

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and F. G. Colville, “High-power, continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1527–1529 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 837–839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, T. J. Edwards, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave singly-resonant intracavity optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1817–1818 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

Fejer, M. M.

Fenimore, D. L.

Fradkin-Kashi, K.

K. Fradkin-Kashi, A. Arie, P. Urenski, and G. Rosenman, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear properties of periodically-poled RbTiOAsO4 in the midinfrared range via difference-frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 251–255 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Galperin, J.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal Growth and Characterization of KTiOPO4 Isomorphs from the Self-Fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, G. M.

Gross, P.

Henriksson, P.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, “Frequency-doubling in periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Electron. Lett. 32, 556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hering, P.

A. Popp, F. Muller, F. Kuhnemann, S. Schiller, G. von Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 751–754 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hotsenpiller, P. A. M.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal Growth and Characterization of KTiOPO4 Isomorphs from the Self-Fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, H.

Klein, M. E.

Kovalchuk, E. V.

Kuck, S.

Kuhnemann, F.

A. Popp, F. Muller, F. Kuhnemann, S. Schiller, G. von Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 751–754 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lang, M.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

Lindsay, I. D.

Lvovsky, A. I.

McGloin, D.

Meyn, J. P.

Mlynek, J.

Muller, F.

A. Popp, F. Muller, F. Kuhnemann, S. Schiller, G. von Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 751–754 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Murtz, M.

A. Popp, F. Muller, F. Kuhnemann, S. Schiller, G. von Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 751–754 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L. E.

Padgett, M. J.

Peters, A.

Pierce, J. W.

Popp, A.

A. Popp, F. Muller, F. Kuhnemann, S. Schiller, G. von Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 751–754 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rae, C. F.

Ramabadran, U. B.

Rosenman, G.

U. Strossner, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, P. Urenski, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, “Single-frequency continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator system with an ultrawide tuning range of 550 to 2830 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1419–1424 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Fradkin-Kashi, A. Arie, P. Urenski, and G. Rosenman, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear properties of periodically-poled RbTiOAsO4 in the midinfrared range via difference-frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 251–255 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schepler, K. L.

Schiller, S.

U. Strossner, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, P. Urenski, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, “Single-frequency continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator system with an ultrawide tuning range of 550 to 2830 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1419–1424 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Popp, F. Muller, F. Kuhnemann, S. Schiller, G. von Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 751–754 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Kovalchuk, D. Dekorsy, A. I. Lvovsky, C. Braxmaier, J. Mlynek, A. Peters, and S. Schiller, “High-resolution doppler-free molecular spectroscopy with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1430–1432 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Schneider and S. Schiller, “Narrow-linewidth, pump-enhanced singly-resonant parametric oscillator pumped at 532 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 775 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, K.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Schneider and S. Schiller, “Narrow-linewidth, pump-enhanced singly-resonant parametric oscillator pumped at 532 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 775 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Small, D.

Storz, R.

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stothard, D. J. M.

Strossner, U.

Turnbull, G. A.

G. A. Turnbull, D. McGloin, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Extended mode-hop-free tuning by use of a dual-cavity, pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 25, 341–343 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Transient dynamics of CW intracavity singly resonant optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1666–1672 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Lindsay, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Doubly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-mode diode laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1889–1891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 837–839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, intracavity optical parametric oscillators: An analysis of power characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 701 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and F. G. Colville, “High-power, continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1527–1529 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, T. J. Edwards, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave singly-resonant intracavity optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1817–1818 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Urenski, P.

U. Strossner, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, P. Urenski, A. Arie, G. Rosenman, J. Mlynek, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, “Single-frequency continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator system with an ultrawide tuning range of 550 to 2830 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1419–1424 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Fradkin-Kashi, A. Arie, P. Urenski, and G. Rosenman, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear properties of periodically-poled RbTiOAsO4 in the midinfrared range via difference-frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 251–255 (2000).
[CrossRef]

von Basum, G.

A. Popp, F. Muller, F. Kuhnemann, S. Schiller, G. von Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 751–754 (2002).
[CrossRef]

VonRichter, P.

Walde, T.

Wallenstein, R.

Wessels, P.

Zelmon, D.

Appl. Phys. B (5)

A. Popp, F. Muller, F. Kuhnemann, S. Schiller, G. von Basum, H. Dahnke, P. Hering, and M. Murtz, “Ultra-sensitive mid-infrared cavity leak-out spectroscopy using a cw optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75, 751–754 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Schneider and S. Schiller, “Narrow-linewidth, pump-enhanced singly-resonant parametric oscillator pumped at 532 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 775 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Al-Tahtamouni, K. Bencheikh, R. Storz, K. Schneider, M. Lang, J. Mlynek, and S. Schiller, “Long-term stable operation and absolute frequency stabilization of a doubly resonant parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 733–739 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, intracavity optical parametric oscillators: An analysis of power characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 701 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Fradkin-Kashi, A. Arie, P. Urenski, and G. Rosenman, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear properties of periodically-poled RbTiOAsO4 in the midinfrared range via difference-frequency generation,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 251–255 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and F. G. Colville, “High-power, continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1527–1529 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, P. Henriksson, and G. Arvidsson, “Frequency-doubling in periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Electron. Lett. 32, 556 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, T. J. Edwards, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave singly-resonant intracavity optical parametric oscillator based on periodically-poled LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1817–1818 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. A. Turnbull, D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Transient dynamics of CW intracavity singly resonant optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1666–1672 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal Growth and Characterization of KTiOPO4 Isomorphs from the Self-Fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (9)

G. A. Turnbull, D. McGloin, I. D. Lindsay, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Extended mode-hop-free tuning by use of a dual-cavity, pump-enhanced optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 25, 341–343 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, singly resonant, intracavity parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 22, 75–77 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Edwards, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, M. Ebrahimzadeh, H. Karlsson, G. Arvidsson, and F. Laurell, “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 23, 837–839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Lindsay, G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Doubly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-mode diode laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1889–1891 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Low pump threshold, continuous-wave, singly resonant, optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1895–1897 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Gibson, M. Ebrahimzadeh, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled KTiOPO4 and its application to spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 24, 397–399 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, and R. L. Byer, “Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 21, 713–715 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. V. Kovalchuk, D. Dekorsy, A. I. Lvovsky, C. Braxmaier, J. Mlynek, A. Peters, and S. Schiller, “High-resolution doppler-free molecular spectroscopy with a continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1430–1432 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Gross, M. E. Klein, T. Walde, K. J. Boller, M. Auerbach, P. Wessels, and C. Fallnich, “Fiber-laser-pumped continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 27, 418–420 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

The PPLN crystal was supplied by Crystal Technology, Inc., 1040 East Meadow Circle, Palo Alto, Calif. 94303–4230., PPLN Crystal.

The PPRTA crystal was supplied by Crystal Associates, Inc., PPRTA Crystal.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the all-solid-state, cw, intracavity SR-OPO with a fiber-coupled 15-W laser diode as the primary pump source. L1–L3, lenses; M1–M4, mirrors; BS, beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Extracted one-way idler output power and one-way circulating intracavity pump power at 1.064 μm as a function of the external pump power from the diode laser for the cases of PPLN and PPRTA.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sum–frequency-mixed spatial mode quality for the PPLN and PPRTA SR-OPOs pumped at 12 W. Top trace, PPLN; bottom trace, PPRTA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Long-term idler stability of the two devices pumped at 12 W. Top trace, PPLN; bottom trace, PPRTA.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transient dynamics of the intracavity pump field for the PPLN and PPRTA ICSR-OPOs pumped at 12 W. Top trace, PPLN; bottom trace, PPRTA. Both traces have a time base of 5 ms/div and are zero’ed at -4 divisions.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Temperature tuning characteristics of the PPRTA ICSR-OPO.  

Equations (6)

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n=A+B1-Cλ2+D1-Eλ2-Fλ2+(T-rt)(Gλ-3+Hλ-2+Iλ-1+J)10-4
A=2.182064,F=0.008921,
B=1.307519,G=-1.45046,
C=0.228244,H=4.88661,
D=0.354743,I=-4.52143,
E=9.0190959,J=0,

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