Abstract

The efficiencies of two ytterbium (Yb) fiber lasers for metastability-exchange optical pumping are compared with that of an arc-lamp-pumped neodymium-doped lanthanum magnesium hexaluminate laser. Specifically, we report a careful comparison of the 3He nuclear polarizations and polarization rates obtained with each laser, which were carried out for three sealed glass cells filled with low-pressure 3He or 3He4He mixtures. The two Yb systems are (1) a 1083-nm diode oscillator coupled to a Yb-doped fiber amplifier and (2) an all-fiber system consisting of a Yb-doped fiber oscillator followed by a Yb-doped fiber amplifier. Essentially no difference was observed between the efficiency of the neodymium-doped lanthanum magnesium hexaluminate laser and the diode/fiber system. In comparison, the all-fiber laser produced a 0%–5% lower polarization and a 0%–35% lower polarization rate than the other two lasers, depending upon the specific experimental conditions. Absorption and spectral line-shape measurements suggest that this difference can be attributed to the spectral linewidth of the particular all-fiber laser that was tested.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Tin and L. D. Schearer, “A high power, tunable, arc-lamp pumped Nd-doped lanthanum-hexaluminate laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 68, 950–953 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. G. Aminoff, C. Larat, M. Leduc, and F. Laloë, “Optical pumping of helium with arc lamp excited LNA lasers,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 24, 827–831 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. R. Gentile and R. D. McKeown, “Spin-polarizing 3He nuclei with an arc-lamp-pumped neodymium-doped lanthanum magnesium hexaluminate laser,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 456–467 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. P. Bigelow, P. J. Nacher, and M. Leduc, “Accurate optical measurement of nuclear polarization in optically pumped 3He gas,” J. Phys. II 2, 2159–2179 (1992).
  5. F. D. Colegrove, L. D. Schearer, and G. K. Walters, “Polarization of 3He gas by optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. 132, 2561–2572 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. R. Gentile, D. R. Rich, A. K. Thompson, W. M. Snow, and G. L. Jones, “Compressing spin-polarized 3He with a modified diaphragm pump,” J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 106, 709–729 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. D. Keith, T. C. Black, X. Fei, M. Flamini, T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, D. R. Rich, W. M. Snow, A. K. Thompson, and F. E. Wietfeldt, “Neutron polarizers based on polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 236–240 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, A. K. Thompson, R. R. Rizi, I. E. Dimitrov, D. Roberts, W. Gefter, M. D. Schnall, and J. S. Leigh, “Demonstration of a compact compressor for application of metastability-exchange optical pumping of 3He to human lung imaging,” Magn. Reson. Med. 43, 290–294 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. Candela, M. E. Hayden, and P. J. Nacher, “Steady-state production of high nuclear polarization in 3He–4He mixtures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2587–2590 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, N. S. Platonov, V. P. Gapontsev, P. J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, M. Leduc, and M. J. Barlow, “1083 nm ytterbium doped fibre amplifier for optical pumping of helium,” Electron. Lett. 33, 787–789 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. M. Mueller, “The Yb fiber laser for metastable 3He optical pumping at Julich,” Physica B 297, 277–281 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Leduc, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, and E. Courtade, “Kinetics of helium-3 laser optical pumping,” Hyperfine Interact. 127, 443–449 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. G. Aminoff, W. Essabaa, I. Brissaud, and J. Arianer, “A high power lamp-pumped LNA laser with thermally tuned etalon,” Opt. Commun. 86, 99–105 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. J. Nacher and M. Leduc, “Optical pumping in 3He with a laser,” J. Phys. (France) 46, 2057–2073 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Eckert, W. Heil, M. Meyerhoff, E. W. Otten, R. Surkau, M. Werner, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and L. D. Schearer, “A dense polarized 3He target based on compression of optically pumped gas,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 320, 53–65 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  19. W. Lorenzon, T. R. Gentile, H. Gao, and R. D. McKeown, “NMR calibration of optical measurement of nuclear polarization in 3He,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 468–479 (1993). The po-larization values quoted in this paper are based on the calibration in this reference.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. Larat, “Laser LNA de puissance; application au pompage optique de l’helium-3 et des melanges helium-3/helium-4,” These de Doctorat (L’Universite Paris 6, France, 1991).
  21. E. Stoltz, M. Meyerhoff, N. Bigelow, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and G. Tastevin, “High nuclear polarization in 3He and 3He–4He gas mixtures by optical pumping with a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 629–633 (1996).
  22. The manufacturer of this laser specified a linewidth of 2 GHz, but it was not convenient for us to return the laser to remedy the larger than specified linewidth.
  23. R. Loudon, The Quantum Theory of Light (Clarendon, Oxford, 1984). We determined the power-broadened linewidth using matrix element data for the C8 transition obtained from Ref. 17.
  24. J. Dupont-Roc, M. Leduc, and F. Lalöe, “New value for the metastability-exchange cross section in 3He,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 467–470 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  25. E. Courtade, F. Marion, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, K. Kiersnowski, and T. Dohnalik, “Magnetic field effects on the 1083 nm atomic line of helium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21, 25–55 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

E. Courtade, F. Marion, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, K. Kiersnowski, and T. Dohnalik, “Magnetic field effects on the 1083 nm atomic line of helium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21, 25–55 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

T. R. Gentile, D. R. Rich, A. K. Thompson, W. M. Snow, and G. L. Jones, “Compressing spin-polarized 3He with a modified diaphragm pump,” J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 106, 709–729 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Mueller, “The Yb fiber laser for metastable 3He optical pumping at Julich,” Physica B 297, 277–281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

M. Leduc, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, and E. Courtade, “Kinetics of helium-3 laser optical pumping,” Hyperfine Interact. 127, 443–449 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, A. K. Thompson, R. R. Rizi, I. E. Dimitrov, D. Roberts, W. Gefter, M. D. Schnall, and J. S. Leigh, “Demonstration of a compact compressor for application of metastability-exchange optical pumping of 3He to human lung imaging,” Magn. Reson. Med. 43, 290–294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (3)

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Keith, T. C. Black, X. Fei, M. Flamini, T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, D. R. Rich, W. M. Snow, A. K. Thompson, and F. E. Wietfeldt, “Neutron polarizers based on polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 236–240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, N. S. Platonov, V. P. Gapontsev, P. J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, M. Leduc, and M. J. Barlow, “1083 nm ytterbium doped fibre amplifier for optical pumping of helium,” Electron. Lett. 33, 787–789 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

E. Stoltz, M. Meyerhoff, N. Bigelow, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and G. Tastevin, “High nuclear polarization in 3He and 3He–4He gas mixtures by optical pumping with a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 629–633 (1996).

1994 (3)

G. Eckert, W. Heil, M. Meyerhoff, E. W. Otten, R. Surkau, M. Werner, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and L. D. Schearer, “A dense polarized 3He target based on compression of optically pumped gas,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 320, 53–65 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Candela, M. E. Hayden, and P. J. Nacher, “Steady-state production of high nuclear polarization in 3He–4He mixtures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2587–2590 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

T. R. Gentile and R. D. McKeown, “Spin-polarizing 3He nuclei with an arc-lamp-pumped neodymium-doped lanthanum magnesium hexaluminate laser,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 456–467 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Lorenzon, T. R. Gentile, H. Gao, and R. D. McKeown, “NMR calibration of optical measurement of nuclear polarization in 3He,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 468–479 (1993). The po-larization values quoted in this paper are based on the calibration in this reference.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

N. P. Bigelow, P. J. Nacher, and M. Leduc, “Accurate optical measurement of nuclear polarization in optically pumped 3He gas,” J. Phys. II 2, 2159–2179 (1992).

1991 (1)

C. G. Aminoff, W. Essabaa, I. Brissaud, and J. Arianer, “A high power lamp-pumped LNA laser with thermally tuned etalon,” Opt. Commun. 86, 99–105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

P. Tin and L. D. Schearer, “A high power, tunable, arc-lamp pumped Nd-doped lanthanum-hexaluminate laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 68, 950–953 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

C. G. Aminoff, C. Larat, M. Leduc, and F. Laloë, “Optical pumping of helium with arc lamp excited LNA lasers,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 24, 827–831 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

P. J. Nacher and M. Leduc, “Optical pumping in 3He with a laser,” J. Phys. (France) 46, 2057–2073 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

J. Dupont-Roc, M. Leduc, and F. Lalöe, “New value for the metastability-exchange cross section in 3He,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 467–470 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

F. D. Colegrove, L. D. Schearer, and G. K. Walters, “Polarization of 3He gas by optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. 132, 2561–2572 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Ackerstaff, K.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Aminoff, C. G.

C. G. Aminoff, W. Essabaa, I. Brissaud, and J. Arianer, “A high power lamp-pumped LNA laser with thermally tuned etalon,” Opt. Commun. 86, 99–105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Aminoff, C. Larat, M. Leduc, and F. Laloë, “Optical pumping of helium with arc lamp excited LNA lasers,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 24, 827–831 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Arianer, J.

C. G. Aminoff, W. Essabaa, I. Brissaud, and J. Arianer, “A high power lamp-pumped LNA laser with thermally tuned etalon,” Opt. Commun. 86, 99–105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Arrington, J.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Barlow, M. J.

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, N. S. Platonov, V. P. Gapontsev, P. J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, M. Leduc, and M. J. Barlow, “1083 nm ytterbium doped fibre amplifier for optical pumping of helium,” Electron. Lett. 33, 787–789 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Becker, J.

J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Beise, E. J.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bermuth, J.

J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bigelow, N.

E. Stoltz, M. Meyerhoff, N. Bigelow, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and G. Tastevin, “High nuclear polarization in 3He and 3He–4He gas mixtures by optical pumping with a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 629–633 (1996).

Bigelow, N. P.

N. P. Bigelow, P. J. Nacher, and M. Leduc, “Accurate optical measurement of nuclear polarization in optically pumped 3He gas,” J. Phys. II 2, 2159–2179 (1992).

Black, T. C.

C. D. Keith, T. C. Black, X. Fei, M. Flamini, T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, D. R. Rich, W. M. Snow, A. K. Thompson, and F. E. Wietfeldt, “Neutron polarizers based on polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 236–240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bray, B.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brissaud, I.

C. G. Aminoff, W. Essabaa, I. Brissaud, and J. Arianer, “A high power lamp-pumped LNA laser with thermally tuned etalon,” Opt. Commun. 86, 99–105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Candela, D.

D. Candela, M. E. Hayden, and P. J. Nacher, “Steady-state production of high nuclear polarization in 3He–4He mixtures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2587–2590 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Candell, E.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Carr, R. W.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chernikov, S. V.

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, N. S. Platonov, V. P. Gapontsev, P. J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, M. Leduc, and M. J. Barlow, “1083 nm ytterbium doped fibre amplifier for optical pumping of helium,” Electron. Lett. 33, 787–789 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Colegrove, F. D.

F. D. Colegrove, L. D. Schearer, and G. K. Walters, “Polarization of 3He gas by optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. 132, 2561–2572 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Court, G. R.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Courtade, E.

E. Courtade, F. Marion, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, K. Kiersnowski, and T. Dohnalik, “Magnetic field effects on the 1083 nm atomic line of helium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21, 25–55 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Leduc, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, and E. Courtade, “Kinetics of helium-3 laser optical pumping,” Hyperfine Interact. 127, 443–449 (2000).
[CrossRef]

DeSchepper, D.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dimitrov, I. E.

T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, A. K. Thompson, R. R. Rizi, I. E. Dimitrov, D. Roberts, W. Gefter, M. D. Schnall, and J. S. Leigh, “Demonstration of a compact compressor for application of metastability-exchange optical pumping of 3He to human lung imaging,” Magn. Reson. Med. 43, 290–294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dodson, G.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dohnalik, T.

E. Courtade, F. Marion, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, K. Kiersnowski, and T. Dohnalik, “Magnetic field effects on the 1083 nm atomic line of helium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21, 25–55 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dow, K.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dupont-Roc, J.

J. Dupont-Roc, M. Leduc, and F. Lalöe, “New value for the metastability-exchange cross section in 3He,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 467–470 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Dvoredsky, A.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ebert, M.

J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eckert, G.

G. Eckert, W. Heil, M. Meyerhoff, E. W. Otten, R. Surkau, M. Werner, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and L. D. Schearer, “A dense polarized 3He target based on compression of optically pumped gas,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 320, 53–65 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ent, R.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Essabaa, W.

C. G. Aminoff, W. Essabaa, I. Brissaud, and J. Arianer, “A high power lamp-pumped LNA laser with thermally tuned etalon,” Opt. Commun. 86, 99–105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Farkhondeh, M.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fei, X.

C. D. Keith, T. C. Black, X. Fei, M. Flamini, T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, D. R. Rich, W. M. Snow, A. K. Thompson, and F. E. Wietfeldt, “Neutron polarizers based on polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 236–240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Filippone, B. W.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Flamini, M.

C. D. Keith, T. C. Black, X. Fei, M. Flamini, T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, D. R. Rich, W. M. Snow, A. K. Thompson, and F. E. Wietfeldt, “Neutron polarizers based on polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 236–240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gao, H.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Lorenzon, T. R. Gentile, H. Gao, and R. D. McKeown, “NMR calibration of optical measurement of nuclear polarization in 3He,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 468–479 (1993). The po-larization values quoted in this paper are based on the calibration in this reference.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gapontsev, V. P.

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, N. S. Platonov, V. P. Gapontsev, P. J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, M. Leduc, and M. J. Barlow, “1083 nm ytterbium doped fibre amplifier for optical pumping of helium,” Electron. Lett. 33, 787–789 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gefter, W.

T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, A. K. Thompson, R. R. Rizi, I. E. Dimitrov, D. Roberts, W. Gefter, M. D. Schnall, and J. S. Leigh, “Demonstration of a compact compressor for application of metastability-exchange optical pumping of 3He to human lung imaging,” Magn. Reson. Med. 43, 290–294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gentile, T. R.

T. R. Gentile, D. R. Rich, A. K. Thompson, W. M. Snow, and G. L. Jones, “Compressing spin-polarized 3He with a modified diaphragm pump,” J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 106, 709–729 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, A. K. Thompson, R. R. Rizi, I. E. Dimitrov, D. Roberts, W. Gefter, M. D. Schnall, and J. S. Leigh, “Demonstration of a compact compressor for application of metastability-exchange optical pumping of 3He to human lung imaging,” Magn. Reson. Med. 43, 290–294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D. Keith, T. C. Black, X. Fei, M. Flamini, T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, D. R. Rich, W. M. Snow, A. K. Thompson, and F. E. Wietfeldt, “Neutron polarizers based on polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 236–240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. Lorenzon, T. R. Gentile, H. Gao, and R. D. McKeown, “NMR calibration of optical measurement of nuclear polarization in 3He,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 468–479 (1993). The po-larization values quoted in this paper are based on the calibration in this reference.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Gentile and R. D. McKeown, “Spin-polarizing 3He nuclei with an arc-lamp-pumped neodymium-doped lanthanum magnesium hexaluminate laser,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 456–467 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golendoukhin, A.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grossmann, T.

J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, J.-O.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hayden, M. E.

D. Candela, M. E. Hayden, and P. J. Nacher, “Steady-state production of high nuclear polarization in 3He–4He mixtures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2587–2590 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heil, W.

J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Eckert, W. Heil, M. Meyerhoff, E. W. Otten, R. Surkau, M. Werner, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and L. D. Schearer, “A dense polarized 3He target based on compression of optically pumped gas,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 320, 53–65 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, D.

J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Holer, Y.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Humblot, H.

J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jones, C. E.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jones, G. L.

T. R. Gentile, D. R. Rich, A. K. Thompson, W. M. Snow, and G. L. Jones, “Compressing spin-polarized 3He with a modified diaphragm pump,” J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 106, 709–729 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, A. K. Thompson, R. R. Rizi, I. E. Dimitrov, D. Roberts, W. Gefter, M. D. Schnall, and J. S. Leigh, “Demonstration of a compact compressor for application of metastability-exchange optical pumping of 3He to human lung imaging,” Magn. Reson. Med. 43, 290–294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D. Keith, T. C. Black, X. Fei, M. Flamini, T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, D. R. Rich, W. M. Snow, A. K. Thompson, and F. E. Wietfeldt, “Neutron polarizers based on polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 236–240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Keith, C. D.

C. D. Keith, T. C. Black, X. Fei, M. Flamini, T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, D. R. Rich, W. M. Snow, A. K. Thompson, and F. E. Wietfeldt, “Neutron polarizers based on polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 236–240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kelsy, J. F.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kiersnowski, K.

E. Courtade, F. Marion, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, K. Kiersnowski, and T. Dohnalik, “Magnetic field effects on the 1083 nm atomic line of helium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21, 25–55 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kinney, E.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Korsch, W.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kramer, L. H.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laloë, F.

C. G. Aminoff, C. Larat, M. Leduc, and F. Laloë, “Optical pumping of helium with arc lamp excited LNA lasers,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 24, 827–831 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lalöe, F.

J. Dupont-Roc, M. Leduc, and F. Lalöe, “New value for the metastability-exchange cross section in 3He,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 467–470 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Larat, C.

C. G. Aminoff, C. Larat, M. Leduc, and F. Laloë, “Optical pumping of helium with arc lamp excited LNA lasers,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 24, 827–831 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Leduc, M.

M. Leduc, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, and E. Courtade, “Kinetics of helium-3 laser optical pumping,” Hyperfine Interact. 127, 443–449 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, N. S. Platonov, V. P. Gapontsev, P. J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, M. Leduc, and M. J. Barlow, “1083 nm ytterbium doped fibre amplifier for optical pumping of helium,” Electron. Lett. 33, 787–789 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Stoltz, M. Meyerhoff, N. Bigelow, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and G. Tastevin, “High nuclear polarization in 3He and 3He–4He gas mixtures by optical pumping with a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 629–633 (1996).

G. Eckert, W. Heil, M. Meyerhoff, E. W. Otten, R. Surkau, M. Werner, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and L. D. Schearer, “A dense polarized 3He target based on compression of optically pumped gas,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 320, 53–65 (1994).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Bigelow, P. J. Nacher, and M. Leduc, “Accurate optical measurement of nuclear polarization in optically pumped 3He gas,” J. Phys. II 2, 2159–2179 (1992).

C. G. Aminoff, C. Larat, M. Leduc, and F. Laloë, “Optical pumping of helium with arc lamp excited LNA lasers,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 24, 827–831 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Nacher and M. Leduc, “Optical pumping in 3He with a laser,” J. Phys. (France) 46, 2057–2073 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Dupont-Roc, M. Leduc, and F. Lalöe, “New value for the metastability-exchange cross section in 3He,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 467–470 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Leigh, J. S.

T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, A. K. Thompson, R. R. Rizi, I. E. Dimitrov, D. Roberts, W. Gefter, M. D. Schnall, and J. S. Leigh, “Demonstration of a compact compressor for application of metastability-exchange optical pumping of 3He to human lung imaging,” Magn. Reson. Med. 43, 290–294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lorenzon, W.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Lorenzon, T. R. Gentile, H. Gao, and R. D. McKeown, “NMR calibration of optical measurement of nuclear polarization in 3He,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 468–479 (1993). The po-larization values quoted in this paper are based on the calibration in this reference.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lung, A.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Makins, N.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Marion, F.

E. Courtade, F. Marion, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, K. Kiersnowski, and T. Dohnalik, “Magnetic field effects on the 1083 nm atomic line of helium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21, 25–55 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J. W.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McKeown, R. D.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Gentile and R. D. McKeown, “Spin-polarizing 3He nuclei with an arc-lamp-pumped neodymium-doped lanthanum magnesium hexaluminate laser,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 456–467 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Lorenzon, T. R. Gentile, H. Gao, and R. D. McKeown, “NMR calibration of optical measurement of nuclear polarization in 3He,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 468–479 (1993). The po-larization values quoted in this paper are based on the calibration in this reference.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meyerhoff, M.

E. Stoltz, M. Meyerhoff, N. Bigelow, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and G. Tastevin, “High nuclear polarization in 3He and 3He–4He gas mixtures by optical pumping with a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 629–633 (1996).

G. Eckert, W. Heil, M. Meyerhoff, E. W. Otten, R. Surkau, M. Werner, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and L. D. Schearer, “A dense polarized 3He target based on compression of optically pumped gas,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 320, 53–65 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Milner, R. G.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mueller, B.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mueller, R. M.

R. M. Mueller, “The Yb fiber laser for metastable 3He optical pumping at Julich,” Physica B 297, 277–281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nacher, P. J.

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, N. S. Platonov, V. P. Gapontsev, P. J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, M. Leduc, and M. J. Barlow, “1083 nm ytterbium doped fibre amplifier for optical pumping of helium,” Electron. Lett. 33, 787–789 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Stoltz, M. Meyerhoff, N. Bigelow, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and G. Tastevin, “High nuclear polarization in 3He and 3He–4He gas mixtures by optical pumping with a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 629–633 (1996).

G. Eckert, W. Heil, M. Meyerhoff, E. W. Otten, R. Surkau, M. Werner, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and L. D. Schearer, “A dense polarized 3He target based on compression of optically pumped gas,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 320, 53–65 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Candela, M. E. Hayden, and P. J. Nacher, “Steady-state production of high nuclear polarization in 3He–4He mixtures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2587–2590 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. P. Bigelow, P. J. Nacher, and M. Leduc, “Accurate optical measurement of nuclear polarization in optically pumped 3He gas,” J. Phys. II 2, 2159–2179 (1992).

P. J. Nacher and M. Leduc, “Optical pumping in 3He with a laser,” J. Phys. (France) 46, 2057–2073 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nacher, P.-J.

E. Courtade, F. Marion, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, K. Kiersnowski, and T. Dohnalik, “Magnetic field effects on the 1083 nm atomic line of helium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21, 25–55 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Leduc, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, and E. Courtade, “Kinetics of helium-3 laser optical pumping,” Hyperfine Interact. 127, 443–449 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Napolitano, J

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Niczyporuk, M.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Otten, E. W.

J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Eckert, W. Heil, M. Meyerhoff, E. W. Otten, R. Surkau, M. Werner, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and L. D. Schearer, “A dense polarized 3He target based on compression of optically pumped gas,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 320, 53–65 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pate, S. F.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pitt, M. L.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Platonov, N. S.

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, N. S. Platonov, V. P. Gapontsev, P. J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, M. Leduc, and M. J. Barlow, “1083 nm ytterbium doped fibre amplifier for optical pumping of helium,” Electron. Lett. 33, 787–789 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Poolman, H. R.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rich, D. R.

T. R. Gentile, D. R. Rich, A. K. Thompson, W. M. Snow, and G. L. Jones, “Compressing spin-polarized 3He with a modified diaphragm pump,” J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 106, 709–729 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Keith, T. C. Black, X. Fei, M. Flamini, T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, D. R. Rich, W. M. Snow, A. K. Thompson, and F. E. Wietfeldt, “Neutron polarizers based on polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 236–240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rizi, R. R.

T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, A. K. Thompson, R. R. Rizi, I. E. Dimitrov, D. Roberts, W. Gefter, M. D. Schnall, and J. S. Leigh, “Demonstration of a compact compressor for application of metastability-exchange optical pumping of 3He to human lung imaging,” Magn. Reson. Med. 43, 290–294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roberts, D.

T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, A. K. Thompson, R. R. Rizi, I. E. Dimitrov, D. Roberts, W. Gefter, M. D. Schnall, and J. S. Leigh, “Demonstration of a compact compressor for application of metastability-exchange optical pumping of 3He to human lung imaging,” Magn. Reson. Med. 43, 290–294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rohe, D.

J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Roper, G.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schearer, L. D.

G. Eckert, W. Heil, M. Meyerhoff, E. W. Otten, R. Surkau, M. Werner, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and L. D. Schearer, “A dense polarized 3He target based on compression of optically pumped gas,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 320, 53–65 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Tin and L. D. Schearer, “A high power, tunable, arc-lamp pumped Nd-doped lanthanum-hexaluminate laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 68, 950–953 (1990).
[CrossRef]

F. D. Colegrove, L. D. Schearer, and G. K. Walters, “Polarization of 3He gas by optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. 132, 2561–2572 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Schnall, M. D.

T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, A. K. Thompson, R. R. Rizi, I. E. Dimitrov, D. Roberts, W. Gefter, M. D. Schnall, and J. S. Leigh, “Demonstration of a compact compressor for application of metastability-exchange optical pumping of 3He to human lung imaging,” Magn. Reson. Med. 43, 290–294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shin, T.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Snow, W. M.

T. R. Gentile, D. R. Rich, A. K. Thompson, W. M. Snow, and G. L. Jones, “Compressing spin-polarized 3He with a modified diaphragm pump,” J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 106, 709–729 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Keith, T. C. Black, X. Fei, M. Flamini, T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, D. R. Rich, W. M. Snow, A. K. Thompson, and F. E. Wietfeldt, “Neutron polarizers based on polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 236–240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sowinski, J.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Steffens, E.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, J.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stock, F.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stoltz, E.

E. Stoltz, M. Meyerhoff, N. Bigelow, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and G. Tastevin, “High nuclear polarization in 3He and 3He–4He gas mixtures by optical pumping with a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 629–633 (1996).

Surkau, R.

J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Eckert, W. Heil, M. Meyerhoff, E. W. Otten, R. Surkau, M. Werner, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and L. D. Schearer, “A dense polarized 3He target based on compression of optically pumped gas,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 320, 53–65 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, M.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tallini, H.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tastevin, G.

E. Courtade, F. Marion, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, K. Kiersnowski, and T. Dohnalik, “Magnetic field effects on the 1083 nm atomic line of helium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21, 25–55 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Leduc, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, and E. Courtade, “Kinetics of helium-3 laser optical pumping,” Hyperfine Interact. 127, 443–449 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, N. S. Platonov, V. P. Gapontsev, P. J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, M. Leduc, and M. J. Barlow, “1083 nm ytterbium doped fibre amplifier for optical pumping of helium,” Electron. Lett. 33, 787–789 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Stoltz, M. Meyerhoff, N. Bigelow, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and G. Tastevin, “High nuclear polarization in 3He and 3He–4He gas mixtures by optical pumping with a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 629–633 (1996).

Taylor, J. R.

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, N. S. Platonov, V. P. Gapontsev, P. J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, M. Leduc, and M. J. Barlow, “1083 nm ytterbium doped fibre amplifier for optical pumping of helium,” Electron. Lett. 33, 787–789 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, A. K.

T. R. Gentile, D. R. Rich, A. K. Thompson, W. M. Snow, and G. L. Jones, “Compressing spin-polarized 3He with a modified diaphragm pump,” J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 106, 709–729 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, A. K. Thompson, R. R. Rizi, I. E. Dimitrov, D. Roberts, W. Gefter, M. D. Schnall, and J. S. Leigh, “Demonstration of a compact compressor for application of metastability-exchange optical pumping of 3He to human lung imaging,” Magn. Reson. Med. 43, 290–294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D. Keith, T. C. Black, X. Fei, M. Flamini, T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, D. R. Rich, W. M. Snow, A. K. Thompson, and F. E. Wietfeldt, “Neutron polarizers based on polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 236–240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tieger, D. R.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tin, P.

P. Tin and L. D. Schearer, “A high power, tunable, arc-lamp pumped Nd-doped lanthanum-hexaluminate laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 68, 950–953 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tipton, B.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tripp, C.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

vanBommel, R.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Walters, G. K.

F. D. Colegrove, L. D. Schearer, and G. K. Walters, “Polarization of 3He gas by optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. 132, 2561–2572 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Welch, T. P.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Werner, M.

G. Eckert, W. Heil, M. Meyerhoff, E. W. Otten, R. Surkau, M. Werner, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and L. D. Schearer, “A dense polarized 3He target based on compression of optically pumped gas,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 320, 53–65 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wietfeldt, F. E.

C. D. Keith, T. C. Black, X. Fei, M. Flamini, T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, D. R. Rich, W. M. Snow, A. K. Thompson, and F. E. Wietfeldt, “Neutron polarizers based on polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 236–240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wise, T.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wojtsekhowski, B. B.

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zapfe-Duren, K.

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

E. Stoltz, M. Meyerhoff, N. Bigelow, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and G. Tastevin, “High nuclear polarization in 3He and 3He–4He gas mixtures by optical pumping with a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 629–633 (1996).

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, N. S. Platonov, V. P. Gapontsev, P. J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, M. Leduc, and M. J. Barlow, “1083 nm ytterbium doped fibre amplifier for optical pumping of helium,” Electron. Lett. 33, 787–789 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

E. Courtade, F. Marion, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, K. Kiersnowski, and T. Dohnalik, “Magnetic field effects on the 1083 nm atomic line of helium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 21, 25–55 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hyperfine Interact. (1)

M. Leduc, P.-J. Nacher, G. Tastevin, and E. Courtade, “Kinetics of helium-3 laser optical pumping,” Hyperfine Interact. 127, 443–449 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Tin and L. D. Schearer, “A high power, tunable, arc-lamp pumped Nd-doped lanthanum-hexaluminate laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 68, 950–953 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. (France) (1)

P. J. Nacher and M. Leduc, “Optical pumping in 3He with a laser,” J. Phys. (France) 46, 2057–2073 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. II (1)

N. P. Bigelow, P. J. Nacher, and M. Leduc, “Accurate optical measurement of nuclear polarization in optically pumped 3He gas,” J. Phys. II 2, 2159–2179 (1992).

J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. (1)

T. R. Gentile, D. R. Rich, A. K. Thompson, W. M. Snow, and G. L. Jones, “Compressing spin-polarized 3He with a modified diaphragm pump,” J. Res. Natl. Inst. Stand. Technol. 106, 709–729 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Magn. Reson. Med. (1)

T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, A. K. Thompson, R. R. Rizi, I. E. Dimitrov, D. Roberts, W. Gefter, M. D. Schnall, and J. S. Leigh, “Demonstration of a compact compressor for application of metastability-exchange optical pumping of 3He to human lung imaging,” Magn. Reson. Med. 43, 290–294 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A (4)

C. D. Keith, T. C. Black, X. Fei, M. Flamini, T. R. Gentile, G. L. Jones, D. R. Rich, W. M. Snow, A. K. Thompson, and F. E. Wietfeldt, “Neutron polarizers based on polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 236–240 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Becker, J. Bermuth, M. Ebert, T. Grossmann, W. Heil, D. Hofmann, H. Humblot, M. Leduc, E. W. Otten, D. Rohe, and R. Surkau, “Interdiscliplinary experiments with polarized 3He,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 402, 327–336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. DeSchepper, L. H. Kramer, S. F. Pate, K. Ackerstaff, R. W. Carr, G. R. Court, A. Dvoredsky, H. Gao, A. Golendoukhin, J.-O. Hansen, Y. Holer, C. E. Jones, J. F. Kelsy, E. Kinney, W. Korsch, K. Lee, J. W. Martin, R. D. McKeown, R. G. Milner, M. Niczyporuk, M. L. Pitt, H. R. Poolman, G. Roper, T. Shin, J. Sowinski, E. Steffens, J. Stewart, F. Stock, M. Sutter, H. Tallini, B. Tipton, R. vanBommel, T. Wise, and K. Zapfe-Duren, “The HERMES polarized 3He internal target,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 419, 16–44 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Eckert, W. Heil, M. Meyerhoff, E. W. Otten, R. Surkau, M. Werner, M. Leduc, P. J. Nacher, and L. D. Schearer, “A dense polarized 3He target based on compression of optically pumped gas,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 320, 53–65 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. G. Aminoff, W. Essabaa, I. Brissaud, and J. Arianer, “A high power lamp-pumped LNA laser with thermally tuned etalon,” Opt. Commun. 86, 99–105 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

F. D. Colegrove, L. D. Schearer, and G. K. Walters, “Polarization of 3He gas by optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. 132, 2561–2572 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

T. R. Gentile and R. D. McKeown, “Spin-polarizing 3He nuclei with an arc-lamp-pumped neodymium-doped lanthanum magnesium hexaluminate laser,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 456–467 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Lorenzon, T. R. Gentile, H. Gao, and R. D. McKeown, “NMR calibration of optical measurement of nuclear polarization in 3He,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 468–479 (1993). The po-larization values quoted in this paper are based on the calibration in this reference.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. C (1)

H. Gao, J. Arrington, E. J. Beise, B. Bray, R. W. Carr, B. W. Filippone, A. Lung, R. D. McKeown, B. Mueller, M. L. Pitt, C. E. Jones, D. DeSchepper, G. Dodson, K. Dow, R. Ent, M. Farkhondeh, J.-O. Hansen, W. Korsch, L. H. Kramer, K. Lee, N. Makins, R. G. Milner, D. R. Tieger, T. P. Welch, E. Candell, J Napolitano, B. B. Wojtsekhowski, C. Tripp, and W. Lorenzon, “Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized 3He,” Phys. Rev. C 50, R546–R549 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

D. Candela, M. E. Hayden, and P. J. Nacher, “Steady-state production of high nuclear polarization in 3He–4He mixtures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2587–2590 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dupont-Roc, M. Leduc, and F. Lalöe, “New value for the metastability-exchange cross section in 3He,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 467–470 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Physica B (1)

R. M. Mueller, “The Yb fiber laser for metastable 3He optical pumping at Julich,” Physica B 297, 277–281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Phys. Appl. (1)

C. G. Aminoff, C. Larat, M. Leduc, and F. Laloë, “Optical pumping of helium with arc lamp excited LNA lasers,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 24, 827–831 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

The manufacturer of this laser specified a linewidth of 2 GHz, but it was not convenient for us to return the laser to remedy the larger than specified linewidth.

R. Loudon, The Quantum Theory of Light (Clarendon, Oxford, 1984). We determined the power-broadened linewidth using matrix element data for the C8 transition obtained from Ref. 17.

C. Larat, “Laser LNA de puissance; application au pompage optique de l’helium-3 et des melanges helium-3/helium-4,” These de Doctorat (L’Universite Paris 6, France, 1991).

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectra of the three lasers: (a) Nd:LMA laser, (b) diode/fiber laser, set for a nominal spectral width of 2 GHz, and (c) all-fiber laser. The typical background photodiode signal in the absence of laser light was 5 mV.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Maximum Polarization P0 and Pumping Rate R at 0.7 W

Tables Icon

Table 2 Maximum Polarization P0 and Pumping Rate R at 1.5 W

Metrics