Abstract

Polychromatic x-ray radiation has been produced during the relativistic interaction of a 50-TW femtosecond laser with a helium gas jet. We have characterized the spectrum and the angular distribution of the x-ray emission as well as its dependency on the laser polarization and on the plasma electronic density. We have observed a broad continuous spectrum peaking at 0.15 keV with a significant tail up to 2 keV. The radiation was fairly collimated.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  3. B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient Kα x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Frster, “Yield optimization and time structure of femtosecond laser plasma Kα sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846–4849 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Mocek, C. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, D. G. Lee, Y. H. Cha, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Soft-x-ray emission from small-sized Ne clusters heated by intense, femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 62, 4461–4464 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, and T. Tajima, “Laser Larmor x-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 45 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Esarey, S. K. Ride, and P. Sprangle, “Nonlinear Thomson scattering of intense laser pulses from beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 48, 3003–3021 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Frster, “Yield optimization and time structure of femtosecond laser plasma Kα sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846–4849 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Mocek, C. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, D. G. Lee, Y. H. Cha, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Soft-x-ray emission from small-sized Ne clusters heated by intense, femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 62, 4461–4464 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, and T. Tajima, “Laser Larmor x-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 45 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, and D. Umstadter, “Experimental observation of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering,” Nature 396, 653–655 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient Kα x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

E. Esarey, S. K. Ride, and P. Sprangle, “Nonlinear Thomson scattering of intense laser pulses from beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 48, 3003–3021 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

E. S. Sarachik and G. T. Shappert, “Classical theory of the scattering of intense laser radiation by free electrons,” Phys. Rev. D 1, 2738 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Amiranoff, F.

V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient Kα x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Audebert, P.

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient Kα x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, Ph.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barty, C. P. J.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Carillon, A.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cha, Y. H.

T. Mocek, C. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, D. G. Lee, Y. H. Cha, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Soft-x-ray emission from small-sized Ne clusters heated by intense, femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 62, 4461–4464 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J. P.

V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, S. Y.

S. Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, and D. Umstadter, “Experimental observation of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering,” Nature 396, 653–655 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Esarey, E.

E. Esarey, S. K. Ride, and P. Sprangle, “Nonlinear Thomson scattering of intense laser pulses from beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 48, 3003–3021 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fallies, F.

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient Kα x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Faure, J.

V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Frster, E.

Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Frster, “Yield optimization and time structure of femtosecond laser plasma Kα sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846–4849 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, J. C.

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient Kα x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Geindre, J. P.

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient Kα x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gibbon, P.

Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Frster, “Yield optimization and time structure of femtosecond laser plasma Kα sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846–4849 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gordon III, C. L.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grillon, G.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient Kα x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Haroutunian, R.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, K. H.

T. Mocek, C. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, D. G. Lee, Y. H. Cha, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Soft-x-ray emission from small-sized Ne clusters heated by intense, femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 62, 4461–4464 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hulin, D.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaegl, P.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jamelot, G.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazamias, S.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, C. M.

T. Mocek, C. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, D. G. Lee, Y. H. Cha, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Soft-x-ray emission from small-sized Ne clusters heated by intense, femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 62, 4461–4464 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kishimoto, Y.

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, and T. Tajima, “Laser Larmor x-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 45 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Klisnick, A.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. G.

T. Mocek, C. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, D. G. Lee, Y. H. Cha, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Soft-x-ray emission from small-sized Ne clusters heated by intense, femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 62, 4461–4464 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lemoff, B. E.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maksimchuk, A.

S. Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, and D. Umstadter, “Experimental observation of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering,” Nature 396, 653–655 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Malka, V.

V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marin, T.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marques, J. R.

V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mocek, T.

T. Mocek, C. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, D. G. Lee, Y. H. Cha, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Soft-x-ray emission from small-sized Ne clusters heated by intense, femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 62, 4461–4464 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mora, P.

V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient Kα x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Najmudin, Z.

V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nam, C. H.

T. Mocek, C. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, D. G. Lee, Y. H. Cha, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Soft-x-ray emission from small-sized Ne clusters heated by intense, femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 62, 4461–4464 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Notebaert, L.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pittman, M.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ranc, S.

V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Reich, Ch.

Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Frster, “Yield optimization and time structure of femtosecond laser plasma Kα sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846–4849 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ride, S. K.

E. Esarey, S. K. Ride, and P. Sprangle, “Nonlinear Thomson scattering of intense laser pulses from beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 48, 3003–3021 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ros, D.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rousse, A.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient Kα x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rousseau, J. P.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sarachik, E. S.

E. S. Sarachik and G. T. Shappert, “Classical theory of the scattering of intense laser radiation by free electrons,” Phys. Rev. D 1, 2738 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, A.

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, and T. Tajima, “Laser Larmor x-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 45 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sebban, S.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shappert, G. T.

E. S. Sarachik and G. T. Shappert, “Classical theory of the scattering of intense laser radiation by free electrons,” Phys. Rev. D 1, 2738 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Shin, H. J.

T. Mocek, C. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, D. G. Lee, Y. H. Cha, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Soft-x-ray emission from small-sized Ne clusters heated by intense, femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 62, 4461–4464 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Solodov, A.

V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sprangle, P.

E. Esarey, S. K. Ride, and P. Sprangle, “Nonlinear Thomson scattering of intense laser pulses from beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 48, 3003–3021 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, T.

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, and T. Tajima, “Laser Larmor x-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 45 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ueshima, Y.

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, and T. Tajima, “Laser Larmor x-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 45 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Umstadter, D.

S. Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, and D. Umstadter, “Experimental observation of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering,” Nature 396, 653–655 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Uschmann, I.

Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Frster, “Yield optimization and time structure of femtosecond laser plasma Kα sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846–4849 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walton, B.

V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wyart, J. F.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, G. Y.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laser Part. Beams (1)

Y. Ueshima, Y. Kishimoto, A. Sasaki, and T. Tajima, “Laser Larmor x-ray radiation from low-Z matter,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 45 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

S. Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, and D. Umstadter, “Experimental observation of relativistic nonlinear Thomson scattering,” Nature 396, 653–655 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Plasmas (1)

V. Malka, J. Faure, J. R. Marques, F. Amiranoff, J. P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, J. P. Chambaret, Z. Najmudin, B. Walton, P. Mora, and A. Solodov, “Characterization of electron beams produced by ultrashort-30 fs-laser pulses,” Phys. Plasmas 8, 2605–2608 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. D (1)

E. S. Sarachik and G. T. Shappert, “Classical theory of the scattering of intense laser radiation by free electrons,” Phys. Rev. D 1, 2738 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (3)

E. Esarey, S. K. Ride, and P. Sprangle, “Nonlinear Thomson scattering of intense laser pulses from beams and plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 48, 3003–3021 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Rousse, P. Audebert, J. P. Geindre, F. Fallies, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, “Efficient Kα x-ray source from femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 2200–2207 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Mocek, C. M. Kim, H. J. Shin, D. G. Lee, Y. H. Cha, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, “Soft-x-ray emission from small-sized Ne clusters heated by intense, femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 62, 4461–4464 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

Ch. Reich, P. Gibbon, I. Uschmann, and E. Frster, “Yield optimization and time structure of femtosecond laser plasma Kα sources,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4846–4849 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, Ph. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegl, G. Jamelot, and J. F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

I. C. E Turcu and J. B. Dance, X-Rays from Laser Plasmas (Wiley, New York, 1998).

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd. ed. (Wiley, New York, 1998).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy spectrum of the x-ray emission obtained at full laser energy (on the front edge of the gas jet). The polarization of the incident laser is linear. The bars correspond to the spectral bandwidth associated with each measurement of the spectrum. The electron density is 5×1019 cm-3.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spatial distribution of the x-ray emission at a0=0.5 (front edge of the gas jet) in the spectral bandwidth centered at 0.35 keV. Filled diamond, horizontal linear polarization; open diamond, vertical linear polarization; circle, circular polarization.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity of the x-ray emission as a function of the plasma electronic density for angles of observation of 0° (dot) and 40° (triangle). The inset shows the spatial distribution of the x-ray intensity obtained at an electronic density of 5×1018cm-3. The fits are linear for 0° and second-order polynomial for 40°.

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