Abstract

We introduce a new extracavity pulse-compression technique suitable for generating high-energy femtosecond pulses. This technique is based on spectral broadening by self-phase modulation in bulk media followed by far-field spatial filtering, which provides a uniform spectral broadening over the spatial profile combined with a transmission of 50%. In principle, this technique allows compression of pulses with energy up to ∼100 mJ by a factor of 3–5. In a proof-of-principle experiment, we compressed a 42-fs, 480-μJ pulse to a 14-fs, 220-μJ pulse.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, S. H. Cho, Y. Chen, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Sub-two-cycle pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 411–413 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser producing pulses in the two-cycle regime,” Opt. Lett. 24, 631–633 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Rolland and P. B. Corkum, “Compression of high-power optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 641–647 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1562–1564 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipocs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, “Compression of high-energy pulses below 5 fs,” Opt. Lett. 22, 522–524 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. B. Corkum, H. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Yvanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1870–1872 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. Antoine, D. B. Milos̆ević, A. L’Huillier, M. B. Gaarde, P. Salières, and M. Lewenstein, “Generation of attosecond pulses in macroscopic media,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4960–4969 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation and propagation of attosecond x-ray pulses in gaseous media,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R2285–R2288 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291, 1923–1927 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, “Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at 1-kilohertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S165–S170 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Constant, E. Mével, A. Zaïr, V. Bagnoud, and F. Salin, “Towards subfemtosecond pump–probe experiments: a dispersionless autocorrelator with attosecond resolution,” J. Phys. IV 11, 537–540 (2001).

2001

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Constant, E. Mével, A. Zaïr, V. Bagnoud, and F. Salin, “Towards subfemtosecond pump–probe experiments: a dispersionless autocorrelator with attosecond resolution,” J. Phys. IV 11, 537–540 (2001).

2000

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, “Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at 1-kilohertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S165–S170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1998

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation and propagation of attosecond x-ray pulses in gaseous media,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R2285–R2288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Antoine, D. B. Milos̆ević, A. L’Huillier, M. B. Gaarde, P. Salières, and M. Lewenstein, “Generation of attosecond pulses in macroscopic media,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4960–4969 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipocs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, “Compression of high-energy pulses below 5 fs,” Opt. Lett. 22, 522–524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1562–1564 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

1988

Angelow, G.

Antoine, P.

P. Antoine, D. B. Milos̆ević, A. L’Huillier, M. B. Gaarde, P. Salières, and M. Lewenstein, “Generation of attosecond pulses in macroscopic media,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4960–4969 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bagnoud, V.

E. Constant, E. Mével, A. Zaïr, V. Bagnoud, and F. Salin, “Towards subfemtosecond pump–probe experiments: a dispersionless autocorrelator with attosecond resolution,” J. Phys. IV 11, 537–540 (2001).

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, “Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at 1-kilohertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S165–S170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Burnett, H. H.

Burnett, N. H.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Cheng, Z.

Cho, S. H.

Christov, I. P.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation and propagation of attosecond x-ray pulses in gaseous media,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R2285–R2288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Constant, E.

E. Constant, E. Mével, A. Zaïr, V. Bagnoud, and F. Salin, “Towards subfemtosecond pump–probe experiments: a dispersionless autocorrelator with attosecond resolution,” J. Phys. IV 11, 537–540 (2001).

Corkum, P. B.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, H. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Yvanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1870–1872 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rolland and P. B. Corkum, “Compression of high-power optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 641–647 (1988).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

Drescher, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferencz, K.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gaarde, M. B.

P. Antoine, D. B. Milos̆ević, A. L’Huillier, M. B. Gaarde, P. Salières, and M. Lewenstein, “Generation of attosecond pulses in macroscopic media,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4960–4969 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gallmann, L.

Haus, H. A.

Hentschel, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

Kan, C.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation and propagation of attosecond x-ray pulses in gaseous media,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R2285–R2288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Kienberger, R.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koppitsch, R.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1562–1564 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipocs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, “Compression of high-energy pulses below 5 fs,” Opt. Lett. 22, 522–524 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

P. Antoine, D. B. Milos̆ević, A. L’Huillier, M. B. Gaarde, P. Salières, and M. Lewenstein, “Generation of attosecond pulses in macroscopic media,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4960–4969 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lenzner, M.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1562–1564 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lewenstein, M.

P. Antoine, D. B. Milos̆ević, A. L’Huillier, M. B. Gaarde, P. Salières, and M. Lewenstein, “Generation of attosecond pulses in macroscopic media,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4960–4969 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matuschek, N.

Mével, E.

E. Constant, E. Mével, A. Zaïr, V. Bagnoud, and F. Salin, “Towards subfemtosecond pump–probe experiments: a dispersionless autocorrelator with attosecond resolution,” J. Phys. IV 11, 537–540 (2001).

Milos?evic, D. B.

P. Antoine, D. B. Milos̆ević, A. L’Huillier, M. B. Gaarde, P. Salières, and M. Lewenstein, “Generation of attosecond pulses in macroscopic media,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4960–4969 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Murnane, M. M.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation and propagation of attosecond x-ray pulses in gaseous media,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R2285–R2288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

Reider, G. A.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rolland, C.

Rundquist, A.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Salières, P.

P. Antoine, D. B. Milos̆ević, A. L’Huillier, M. B. Gaarde, P. Salières, and M. Lewenstein, “Generation of attosecond pulses in macroscopic media,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4960–4969 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

E. Constant, E. Mével, A. Zaïr, V. Bagnoud, and F. Salin, “Towards subfemtosecond pump–probe experiments: a dispersionless autocorrelator with attosecond resolution,” J. Phys. IV 11, 537–540 (2001).

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, “Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at 1-kilohertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S165–S170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sartania, S.

Scheuer, V.

Schnürer, M.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

Steinmeyer, G.

Sutter, D. H.

Svelto, O.

Szipocs, R.

Tempea, G.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and K. Ferencz, “Generation of 0.1-TW 5-fs optical pulses at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1562–1564 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

Wang, H.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wobrauschek, P.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yvanov, M. Y.

Zaïr, A.

E. Constant, E. Mével, A. Zaïr, V. Bagnoud, and F. Salin, “Towards subfemtosecond pump–probe experiments: a dispersionless autocorrelator with attosecond resolution,” J. Phys. IV 11, 537–540 (2001).

Appl. Phys. B

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, “Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at 1-kilohertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B 70, S165–S170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. IV

E. Constant, E. Mével, A. Zaïr, V. Bagnoud, and F. Salin, “Towards subfemtosecond pump–probe experiments: a dispersionless autocorrelator with attosecond resolution,” J. Phys. IV 11, 537–540 (2001).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

P. Antoine, D. B. Milos̆ević, A. L’Huillier, M. B. Gaarde, P. Salières, and M. Lewenstein, “Generation of attosecond pulses in macroscopic media,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 4960–4969 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation and propagation of attosecond x-ray pulses in gaseous media,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R2285–R2288 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnürer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science 291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of the input pulse before focalization in air (solid curve) and after (dotted curve). Spectrum of the spectrally broadened pulse (direct spectrum) and after smoothing (dotted–dashed curve). The inset shows the spectral width of the beam after spatial filtering (Bessel beam with its first zero at r=23 mm) (filled squares) and without spatial filtering (open circles).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation traces of the incoming pulse (FWHM=60 fs) (dashed curve), of the recompressed pulse (FWHM=18.6fs) (open circles) and of the broadened pulse with perfect recompression (FWHM = 17.3 fs) (solid curve).

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