Abstract

Xenon autoionized lines between 942.4 and 923.2 Å have been measured using a tunable coherent extreme-ultraviolet source in conjunction with a Fizeau wavemeter, and resulting line profiles are reported for the first time. The same resonance lines of xenon have also been obtained with a 6.65-m vacuum spectrograph with a helium continuum as a background. A comparison is made of the line positions measured by the two independent techniques, and agreement of the measurements is remarkably good—well within the experimental error predicted.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. G. Wilkinson, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 1, 288–305 (1957).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. E. Douglas and J. G. Potter, Appl. Opt. 1, 727–731 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Yoshino, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1220–1229 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Yoshino and Y. Tanaka, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 159–165 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Winick and S. Doniach, eds., Synchrotron Radiation Research (Plenum, New York, 1980).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. J. Nagel, C. M. Brown, M. C. Peckerar, M. L. Ginter, J. A. Robinson, T. J. McIlrath, and P. K. Carroll, Appl. Opt. 23, 1428–1433 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. L. Schawlow and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 112, 1940–1949 (1958).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. H. Maiman, Nature 187, 493–494 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. E. Harris, J. F. Young, A. H. Kung, D. M. Bloom, and G. C. Bjorklund, Laser Spectroscopy I, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), pp. 59–75.
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Reintjes, R. C. Eckardt, C. Y. She, N. E. Karangelen, R. C. Elton, and R. A. Andrews, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 1540–1543 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, M. Rothschild, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 5, 282–284 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Bokor, P. H. Bucksbaum, and R. R. Freeman, Opt. Lett. 8, 217–219 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. J. Snyder, Laser Spectroscopy III, J. L. Hall and J. L. Carlsten, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), pp. 419–420; Laser Focus 18(5), 55–61 (May1982).
  15. M. B. Morris, T. J. McIlrath, and J. J. Snyder, Appl. Opt. 23, 3862–3868 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. D. Bonin, M.B. Morris, and T. J. McIlrath, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TUI1; in Laser Techniques in the Extreme Ultraviolet, S. E. Harris and T. B. Lucatorto, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1984), pp. 349–355; K. D. Bonin and T. J. McIlrath, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 527–534 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Rothschild, H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 23, 206–213 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Yoshino and D. E. Freeman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1268–1274 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. Beutler, Z. Phys. 93, 177–196 (1935).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. E. Huffman, Y. Tanaka, and J. C. Larabee, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 902–909 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  21. P. H. Metzger and G. R. Cook, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 516–520 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  22. F. M. Matsunaga, R. S. Jackson, and K. Watanabe, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 5, 329–333 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. P. Grandin and X. Husson, J. Phys. B 14, 433–440 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. Berkowitz, Photoabsorption, Photoionization, and Photoelectron Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1979), pp. 179–183.
  25. F. H. Comes, H. C. Salzer, and G. Schumpe, Z. Naturforsch. 239, 137–151 (1968).
  26. J. Geiger, Z. Phys. A 282, 129–141 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  27. V. L. Carter and R. D. Hudson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 733–735 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  28. K. D. Bonin and T. J. McIlrath, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 55, 1666–1668 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  29. C. E. Moore, Ionization Potentials and Ionization Limits Derived from the Analyses of Optical Spectra, NSRDS-NBS 34 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1970).
  30. U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866–1878 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  31. R. Hilbig, G. Hilber, A Timmermann, and R. Wallenstein, Laser Techniques in the Extreme Ultraviolet, S. E. Harris and T. B. Lucatorto, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1984), pp. 1–9.
  32. A. Timmermann and R. Wallenstein, Opt. Lett. 8, 517–519 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

1984 (3)

1983 (2)

1981 (2)

M. Rothschild, H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 23, 206–213 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Grandin and X. Husson, J. Phys. B 14, 433–440 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1979 (1)

1977 (1)

J. Geiger, Z. Phys. A 282, 129–141 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

J. Reintjes, R. C. Eckardt, C. Y. She, N. E. Karangelen, R. C. Elton, and R. A. Andrews, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 1540–1543 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

1970 (1)

1968 (1)

F. H. Comes, H. C. Salzer, and G. Schumpe, Z. Naturforsch. 239, 137–151 (1968).

1965 (2)

P. H. Metzger and G. R. Cook, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 516–520 (1965).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Matsunaga, R. S. Jackson, and K. Watanabe, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 5, 329–333 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

R. E. Huffman, Y. Tanaka, and J. C. Larabee, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 902–909 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

1961 (2)

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866–1878 (1961).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

T. H. Maiman, Nature 187, 493–494 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1958 (1)

A. L. Schawlow and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 112, 1940–1949 (1958).
[CrossRef]

1957 (1)

P. G. Wilkinson, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 1, 288–305 (1957).
[CrossRef]

1935 (1)

H. Beutler, Z. Phys. 93, 177–196 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, R. A.

J. Reintjes, R. C. Eckardt, C. Y. She, N. E. Karangelen, R. C. Elton, and R. A. Andrews, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 1540–1543 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Berkowitz, J.

J. Berkowitz, Photoabsorption, Photoionization, and Photoelectron Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1979), pp. 179–183.

Beutler, H.

H. Beutler, Z. Phys. 93, 177–196 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Bjorklund, G. C.

S. E. Harris, J. F. Young, A. H. Kung, D. M. Bloom, and G. C. Bjorklund, Laser Spectroscopy I, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), pp. 59–75.
[CrossRef]

Bloom, D. M.

S. E. Harris, J. F. Young, A. H. Kung, D. M. Bloom, and G. C. Bjorklund, Laser Spectroscopy I, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), pp. 59–75.
[CrossRef]

Bokor, J.

Bonin, K. D.

K. D. Bonin and T. J. McIlrath, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 55, 1666–1668 (1984).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Bonin, M.B. Morris, and T. J. McIlrath, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TUI1; in Laser Techniques in the Extreme Ultraviolet, S. E. Harris and T. B. Lucatorto, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1984), pp. 349–355; K. D. Bonin and T. J. McIlrath, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 527–534 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. M.

Bucksbaum, P. H.

Carroll, P. K.

Carter, V. L.

Comes, F. H.

F. H. Comes, H. C. Salzer, and G. Schumpe, Z. Naturforsch. 239, 137–151 (1968).

Cook, G. R.

Douglas, A. E.

Eckardt, R. C.

J. Reintjes, R. C. Eckardt, C. Y. She, N. E. Karangelen, R. C. Elton, and R. A. Andrews, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 1540–1543 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Egger, H.

M. Rothschild, H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 23, 206–213 (1981).
[CrossRef]

H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, M. Rothschild, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 5, 282–284 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elton, R. C.

J. Reintjes, R. C. Eckardt, C. Y. She, N. E. Karangelen, R. C. Elton, and R. A. Andrews, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 1540–1543 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Fano, U.

U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866–1878 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Franken, P. A.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, D. E.

Freeman, R. R.

Geiger, J.

J. Geiger, Z. Phys. A 282, 129–141 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ginter, M. L.

Grandin, J. P.

J. P. Grandin and X. Husson, J. Phys. B 14, 433–440 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, J. F. Young, A. H. Kung, D. M. Bloom, and G. C. Bjorklund, Laser Spectroscopy I, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), pp. 59–75.
[CrossRef]

Hawkins, R. T.

M. Rothschild, H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 23, 206–213 (1981).
[CrossRef]

H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, M. Rothschild, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 5, 282–284 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hilber, G.

R. Hilbig, G. Hilber, A Timmermann, and R. Wallenstein, Laser Techniques in the Extreme Ultraviolet, S. E. Harris and T. B. Lucatorto, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1984), pp. 1–9.

Hilbig, R.

R. Hilbig, G. Hilber, A Timmermann, and R. Wallenstein, Laser Techniques in the Extreme Ultraviolet, S. E. Harris and T. B. Lucatorto, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1984), pp. 1–9.

Hill, A. E.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Hudson, R. D.

Huffman, R. E.

R. E. Huffman, Y. Tanaka, and J. C. Larabee, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 902–909 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Husson, X.

J. P. Grandin and X. Husson, J. Phys. B 14, 433–440 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, R. S.

F. M. Matsunaga, R. S. Jackson, and K. Watanabe, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 5, 329–333 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Karangelen, N. E.

J. Reintjes, R. C. Eckardt, C. Y. She, N. E. Karangelen, R. C. Elton, and R. A. Andrews, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 1540–1543 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kung, A. H.

S. E. Harris, J. F. Young, A. H. Kung, D. M. Bloom, and G. C. Bjorklund, Laser Spectroscopy I, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), pp. 59–75.
[CrossRef]

Larabee, J. C.

R. E. Huffman, Y. Tanaka, and J. C. Larabee, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 902–909 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Maiman, T. H.

T. H. Maiman, Nature 187, 493–494 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Matsunaga, F. M.

F. M. Matsunaga, R. S. Jackson, and K. Watanabe, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 5, 329–333 (1965).
[CrossRef]

McIlrath, T. J.

K. D. Bonin and T. J. McIlrath, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 55, 1666–1668 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Nagel, C. M. Brown, M. C. Peckerar, M. L. Ginter, J. A. Robinson, T. J. McIlrath, and P. K. Carroll, Appl. Opt. 23, 1428–1433 (1984).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Morris, T. J. McIlrath, and J. J. Snyder, Appl. Opt. 23, 3862–3868 (1984).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Bonin, M.B. Morris, and T. J. McIlrath, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TUI1; in Laser Techniques in the Extreme Ultraviolet, S. E. Harris and T. B. Lucatorto, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1984), pp. 349–355; K. D. Bonin and T. J. McIlrath, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 527–534 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Metzger, P. H.

Moore, C. E.

C. E. Moore, Ionization Potentials and Ionization Limits Derived from the Analyses of Optical Spectra, NSRDS-NBS 34 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1970).

Morris, M. B.

Morris, M.B.

K. D. Bonin, M.B. Morris, and T. J. McIlrath, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TUI1; in Laser Techniques in the Extreme Ultraviolet, S. E. Harris and T. B. Lucatorto, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1984), pp. 349–355; K. D. Bonin and T. J. McIlrath, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 527–534 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, D. J.

Peckerar, M. C.

Peters, C. W.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Potter, J. G.

Pummer, H.

M. Rothschild, H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 23, 206–213 (1981).
[CrossRef]

H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, M. Rothschild, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 5, 282–284 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reintjes, J.

J. Reintjes, R. C. Eckardt, C. Y. She, N. E. Karangelen, R. C. Elton, and R. A. Andrews, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 1540–1543 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Rhodes, C. K.

M. Rothschild, H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 23, 206–213 (1981).
[CrossRef]

H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, M. Rothschild, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 5, 282–284 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robinson, J. A.

Rothschild, M.

M. Rothschild, H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 23, 206–213 (1981).
[CrossRef]

H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, M. Rothschild, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 5, 282–284 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salzer, H. C.

F. H. Comes, H. C. Salzer, and G. Schumpe, Z. Naturforsch. 239, 137–151 (1968).

Schawlow, A. L.

A. L. Schawlow and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 112, 1940–1949 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Schumpe, G.

F. H. Comes, H. C. Salzer, and G. Schumpe, Z. Naturforsch. 239, 137–151 (1968).

She, C. Y.

J. Reintjes, R. C. Eckardt, C. Y. She, N. E. Karangelen, R. C. Elton, and R. A. Andrews, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 1540–1543 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, J. J.

M. B. Morris, T. J. McIlrath, and J. J. Snyder, Appl. Opt. 23, 3862–3868 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Snyder, Laser Spectroscopy III, J. L. Hall and J. L. Carlsten, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), pp. 419–420; Laser Focus 18(5), 55–61 (May1982).

Tanaka, Y.

K. Yoshino and Y. Tanaka, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 159–165 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Huffman, Y. Tanaka, and J. C. Larabee, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 902–909 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Timmermann, A

R. Hilbig, G. Hilber, A Timmermann, and R. Wallenstein, Laser Techniques in the Extreme Ultraviolet, S. E. Harris and T. B. Lucatorto, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1984), pp. 1–9.

Timmermann, A.

Townes, C. H.

A. L. Schawlow and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 112, 1940–1949 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

A. Timmermann and R. Wallenstein, Opt. Lett. 8, 517–519 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Hilbig, G. Hilber, A Timmermann, and R. Wallenstein, Laser Techniques in the Extreme Ultraviolet, S. E. Harris and T. B. Lucatorto, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1984), pp. 1–9.

Watanabe, K.

F. M. Matsunaga, R. S. Jackson, and K. Watanabe, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 5, 329–333 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Weinreich, G.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, P. G.

P. G. Wilkinson, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 1, 288–305 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

Young, J. F.

S. E. Harris, J. F. Young, A. H. Kung, D. M. Bloom, and G. C. Bjorklund, Laser Spectroscopy I, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), pp. 59–75.
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. E. Huffman, Y. Tanaka, and J. C. Larabee, J. Chem. Phys. 39, 902–909 (1963).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

P. G. Wilkinson, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 1, 288–305 (1957).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (4)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B (1)

J. P. Grandin and X. Husson, J. Phys. B 14, 433–440 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

F. M. Matsunaga, R. S. Jackson, and K. Watanabe, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 5, 329–333 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

T. H. Maiman, Nature 187, 493–494 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. (2)

U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866–1878 (1961).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Schawlow and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 112, 1940–1949 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Rothschild, H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 23, 206–213 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

J. Reintjes, R. C. Eckardt, C. Y. She, N. E. Karangelen, R. C. Elton, and R. A. Andrews, Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 1540–1543 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

K. D. Bonin and T. J. McIlrath, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 55, 1666–1668 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Z. Naturforsch. (1)

F. H. Comes, H. C. Salzer, and G. Schumpe, Z. Naturforsch. 239, 137–151 (1968).

Z. Phys. (1)

H. Beutler, Z. Phys. 93, 177–196 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys. A (1)

J. Geiger, Z. Phys. A 282, 129–141 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

J. Berkowitz, Photoabsorption, Photoionization, and Photoelectron Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1979), pp. 179–183.

H. Winick and S. Doniach, eds., Synchrotron Radiation Research (Plenum, New York, 1980).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Snyder, Laser Spectroscopy III, J. L. Hall and J. L. Carlsten, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), pp. 419–420; Laser Focus 18(5), 55–61 (May1982).

K. D. Bonin, M.B. Morris, and T. J. McIlrath, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper TUI1; in Laser Techniques in the Extreme Ultraviolet, S. E. Harris and T. B. Lucatorto, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1984), pp. 349–355; K. D. Bonin and T. J. McIlrath, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 527–534 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, J. F. Young, A. H. Kung, D. M. Bloom, and G. C. Bjorklund, Laser Spectroscopy I, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), pp. 59–75.
[CrossRef]

C. E. Moore, Ionization Potentials and Ionization Limits Derived from the Analyses of Optical Spectra, NSRDS-NBS 34 (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1970).

R. Hilbig, G. Hilber, A Timmermann, and R. Wallenstein, Laser Techniques in the Extreme Ultraviolet, S. E. Harris and T. B. Lucatorto, eds. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1984), pp. 1–9.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The laser-driving system for XUV generation by four-wave mixing in krypton. The generated tunable output was in various spectral regions between 922 and 943 Å.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The XUV generating cell and detection apparatus. The rotating disk separates the krypton cell from the ionization chamber where autoionizing resonances in xenon were studied.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

A schematic of the Fizeau wavelength geometry used to measure pulsed laser wavelengths to within 1 part in 106. The spectral response of the wavemeter is limited by the UV cutoff of the optics and the IR response of the photodiode array to the region 2600–11 000 Å.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Rydberg series of xenon converging to the 2nd ionization limit, 2P1/2 of Xe ii. Photographed with a 6.65-m VUV spectrograph in the second order. Emission bands are fourth positive bands of CO used for wavelength comparison.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Densitometer traces of xenon absorption spectrum of n d ( 3 / 2 ) 1 series with n = 40–45. n s ( 1 / 2 ) 1 series lines are too weak to be observed.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Microdensitometer trace of some of the lower-lying members of the Rydberg series of xenon converging to the second ionization limit, P 2 1 / 2 of Xe ii Conditions are the same as in Fig. 4. This densitometer trace also shows some sharp emission lines of neon and atomic oxygen and hydrogen, which give an indication of the available resolution.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Plot of the xenon ionization/XUV intensity versus wave-number ( ν ¯) for the 5 p 6 S 1 0 5 p 5 n d ( 3 / 2 ) 1 resonances with n = 44 and n = 43 in the xenon autoionization spectrum (smoothed data).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Plot of the xenon ionization/XUV intensity versus wave-number ( ν ¯) for the 5 p 6 S 1 0 5 p 5 11 s ( 1 / 2 ) 1 resonance in the xenon autoionization spectrum. On top of the raw data is a computer fit using the Fano formula for an isolated resonance (see text).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Plot of the xenon ionization/XUV intensity versus wavenumber ( ν ¯) for the 35d′ and 37s′ lines in the xenon autionization spectrum (smoothed data).

Tables (4)

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Table 1 Summary of Coherent XUV Beam Characteristics

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Table 2 5 p 6 S 1 0 5 p 5 n d ( 3 / 2 ) 1 Series

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Table 3 5 p 6 S 1 0 5 p 5 n s ( 1 / 2 ) 1 Series

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Table 4 High-Resolution Summary

Equations (2)

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σ ( ) = σ a ( q + ) 2 ( 1 + ) 2 + σ b , = E - E r Γ / 2 ,
λ 4 = { 942.621 942.146 Å 928.349 928.123 Å 923.628 922.823 Å 922.737 922.000 Å

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