Abstract

A multiphoton-ionization apparatus utilizing a time-of-flight mass spectrometer as a detector of parent and fragment ions is described. Results for the multiphoton resonant ionization and the fragmentation of benzene are presented together with an accurate numerical evaluation of the photoionization probability. The comparison between our experimental and numerical results offers the possibility of estimating the value of the two-photon ionization cross section from the 1B2u excited state of benzene, which is not yet established.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. M. Johnson, Acc. Chem. Res. 13, 20 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. H. Parker, J. O. Berg, and M. A. El-Sayed, in Advances in Laser Chemistry, Vol. 3 of Springer Series on Chemical Physics, A. H. Zewail, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978).
    [Crossref]
  3. P. M. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 4562 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. M. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 64, 4143 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  5. L. Zandee and R. B. Bernstein, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1359 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  6. V. S. Antonov and V. S. Letokhov, Appl. Phys. 24, 89 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  7. U. Boesl, H. S. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Chem. Phys. Lett. 87, 1 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. T. Meek, S. R. Long, and J. P. Reilly, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 2809 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  9. F. Rebenstrot and A. Ben-Shaul, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 3255 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  10. R. B. Bernstein, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 1178 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. Speiser and J. Jortner, Chem. Phys. Lett. 44, 399 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Murakami, K. Kaya, and M. Ito, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 3263 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  13. P. M. Johnson and C. E. Otis, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 32, 139 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Armenante, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 30, 57 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  15. M. Armenante, A. Brancaccio, E. Burattini, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 36, 213 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  16. B. Andlauer and Ch. Ottinger, J. Chem. Phys. 55, 1471 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. H. D. Eland and H. Schulte, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 3835 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, H. Schulte, and B. Brehm, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 209 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  19. R. Brehm, J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, and H. Schulte, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 373 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  20. T. Baer, G. D. Willett, D. Smith, and J. S. Phillips, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 4076 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  21. R. D. Levine and R. B. Bernstein, “Thermodynamic approach to collision processes,” in Dynamics of Molecular Collisions, W. H. Miller, ed. (New York, 1976).
    [Crossref]
  22. R. D. Levine and R. B. Bernstein, Molecular Reaction Dynamics (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1975).
  23. R. D. Levine and A. Ben-Shaul, “Thermodynamics of molecular disequilibrium,” in Chemical and Biochemical Applications of Lasers, C. B. Moore, ed. (Academic, New York, 1977), Vol. 3.
    [Crossref]
  24. S. Solimeno and S. Martellucci, “High-power chemical lasers,” in Developments in High-Power Lasers and Their Applications, (S.I.F., Bologna, Italy, 1981).
  25. J. Silberstein and R. D. Levine, Chem. Phys. Lett. 74, 6 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  26. D. A. Lichtin, R. B. Bernstein, and K. R. Newton, J. Chem. Phys. 75, 5728 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  27. W. Dietz, H. J. Neusser, V. Boesl, E. W. Schlag, and S. H. Lin, J. Chem. Phys. 66, 105 (1982).
  28. F. Metz, W. E. Howard, L. Wunsch, H. J. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Proc. R. Soc. London 363, 381 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  29. J. H. Callomon, J. E. Perkin, and R. Lopez-Delgado, Chem. Phys. Lett. 13, 125 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  30. J. R. Ackerhalt and B. W. Shore, Phys. Rev. A 16, 277 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  31. K. Aron, C. Otis, R. E. Demaray, and P. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 4167 (1980).
    [Crossref]

1982 (4)

U. Boesl, H. S. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Chem. Phys. Lett. 87, 1 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. T. Meek, S. R. Long, and J. P. Reilly, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 2809 (1982).
[Crossref]

R. B. Bernstein, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 1178 (1982).
[Crossref]

W. Dietz, H. J. Neusser, V. Boesl, E. W. Schlag, and S. H. Lin, J. Chem. Phys. 66, 105 (1982).

1981 (4)

D. A. Lichtin, R. B. Bernstein, and K. R. Newton, J. Chem. Phys. 75, 5728 (1981).
[Crossref]

F. Rebenstrot and A. Ben-Shaul, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 3255 (1981).
[Crossref]

V. S. Antonov and V. S. Letokhov, Appl. Phys. 24, 89 (1981).
[Crossref]

P. M. Johnson and C. E. Otis, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 32, 139 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (5)

J. Murakami, K. Kaya, and M. Ito, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 3263 (1980).
[Crossref]

M. Armenante, A. Brancaccio, E. Burattini, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 36, 213 (1980).
[Crossref]

P. M. Johnson, Acc. Chem. Res. 13, 20 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. Silberstein and R. D. Levine, Chem. Phys. Lett. 74, 6 (1980).
[Crossref]

K. Aron, C. Otis, R. E. Demaray, and P. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 4167 (1980).
[Crossref]

1979 (3)

T. Baer, G. D. Willett, D. Smith, and J. S. Phillips, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 4076 (1979).
[Crossref]

L. Zandee and R. B. Bernstein, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1359 (1979).
[Crossref]

M. Armenante, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 30, 57 (1979).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

F. Metz, W. E. Howard, L. Wunsch, H. J. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Proc. R. Soc. London 363, 381 (1978).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

J. R. Ackerhalt and B. W. Shore, Phys. Rev. A 16, 277 (1977).
[Crossref]

1976 (4)

J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, H. Schulte, and B. Brehm, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 209 (1976).
[Crossref]

R. Brehm, J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, and H. Schulte, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 373 (1976).
[Crossref]

P. M. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 64, 4143 (1976).
[Crossref]

S. Speiser and J. Jortner, Chem. Phys. Lett. 44, 399 (1976).
[Crossref]

1975 (2)

P. M. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 4562 (1975).
[Crossref]

J. H. D. Eland and H. Schulte, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 3835 (1975).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

J. H. Callomon, J. E. Perkin, and R. Lopez-Delgado, Chem. Phys. Lett. 13, 125 (1972).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

B. Andlauer and Ch. Ottinger, J. Chem. Phys. 55, 1471 (1971).
[Crossref]

Ackerhalt, J. R.

J. R. Ackerhalt and B. W. Shore, Phys. Rev. A 16, 277 (1977).
[Crossref]

Andlauer, B.

B. Andlauer and Ch. Ottinger, J. Chem. Phys. 55, 1471 (1971).
[Crossref]

Antonov, V. S.

V. S. Antonov and V. S. Letokhov, Appl. Phys. 24, 89 (1981).
[Crossref]

Armenante, M.

M. Armenante, A. Brancaccio, E. Burattini, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 36, 213 (1980).
[Crossref]

M. Armenante, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 30, 57 (1979).
[Crossref]

Aron, K.

K. Aron, C. Otis, R. E. Demaray, and P. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 4167 (1980).
[Crossref]

Baer, T.

T. Baer, G. D. Willett, D. Smith, and J. S. Phillips, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 4076 (1979).
[Crossref]

Ben-Shaul, A.

F. Rebenstrot and A. Ben-Shaul, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 3255 (1981).
[Crossref]

R. D. Levine and A. Ben-Shaul, “Thermodynamics of molecular disequilibrium,” in Chemical and Biochemical Applications of Lasers, C. B. Moore, ed. (Academic, New York, 1977), Vol. 3.
[Crossref]

Berg, J. O.

D. H. Parker, J. O. Berg, and M. A. El-Sayed, in Advances in Laser Chemistry, Vol. 3 of Springer Series on Chemical Physics, A. H. Zewail, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978).
[Crossref]

Bernstein, R. B.

R. B. Bernstein, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 1178 (1982).
[Crossref]

D. A. Lichtin, R. B. Bernstein, and K. R. Newton, J. Chem. Phys. 75, 5728 (1981).
[Crossref]

L. Zandee and R. B. Bernstein, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1359 (1979).
[Crossref]

R. D. Levine and R. B. Bernstein, “Thermodynamic approach to collision processes,” in Dynamics of Molecular Collisions, W. H. Miller, ed. (New York, 1976).
[Crossref]

R. D. Levine and R. B. Bernstein, Molecular Reaction Dynamics (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1975).

Boesl, U.

U. Boesl, H. S. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Chem. Phys. Lett. 87, 1 (1982).
[Crossref]

Boesl, V.

W. Dietz, H. J. Neusser, V. Boesl, E. W. Schlag, and S. H. Lin, J. Chem. Phys. 66, 105 (1982).

Brancaccio, A.

M. Armenante, A. Brancaccio, E. Burattini, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 36, 213 (1980).
[Crossref]

Brehm, B.

J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, H. Schulte, and B. Brehm, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 209 (1976).
[Crossref]

Brehm, R.

R. Brehm, J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, and H. Schulte, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 373 (1976).
[Crossref]

Burattini, E.

M. Armenante, A. Brancaccio, E. Burattini, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 36, 213 (1980).
[Crossref]

Callomon, J. H.

J. H. Callomon, J. E. Perkin, and R. Lopez-Delgado, Chem. Phys. Lett. 13, 125 (1972).
[Crossref]

Demaray, R. E.

K. Aron, C. Otis, R. E. Demaray, and P. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 4167 (1980).
[Crossref]

Dietz, W.

W. Dietz, H. J. Neusser, V. Boesl, E. W. Schlag, and S. H. Lin, J. Chem. Phys. 66, 105 (1982).

Eland, J. H. D.

R. Brehm, J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, and H. Schulte, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 373 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, H. Schulte, and B. Brehm, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 209 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. H. D. Eland and H. Schulte, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 3835 (1975).
[Crossref]

El-Sayed, M. A.

D. H. Parker, J. O. Berg, and M. A. El-Sayed, in Advances in Laser Chemistry, Vol. 3 of Springer Series on Chemical Physics, A. H. Zewail, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978).
[Crossref]

Frey, R.

J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, H. Schulte, and B. Brehm, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 209 (1976).
[Crossref]

R. Brehm, J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, and H. Schulte, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 373 (1976).
[Crossref]

Howard, W. E.

F. Metz, W. E. Howard, L. Wunsch, H. J. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Proc. R. Soc. London 363, 381 (1978).
[Crossref]

Ito, M.

J. Murakami, K. Kaya, and M. Ito, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 3263 (1980).
[Crossref]

Johnson, P.

K. Aron, C. Otis, R. E. Demaray, and P. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 4167 (1980).
[Crossref]

Johnson, P. M.

P. M. Johnson and C. E. Otis, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 32, 139 (1981).
[Crossref]

P. M. Johnson, Acc. Chem. Res. 13, 20 (1980).
[Crossref]

P. M. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 64, 4143 (1976).
[Crossref]

P. M. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 4562 (1975).
[Crossref]

Jortner, J.

S. Speiser and J. Jortner, Chem. Phys. Lett. 44, 399 (1976).
[Crossref]

Kaya, K.

J. Murakami, K. Kaya, and M. Ito, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 3263 (1980).
[Crossref]

Letokhov, V. S.

V. S. Antonov and V. S. Letokhov, Appl. Phys. 24, 89 (1981).
[Crossref]

Levine, R. D.

J. Silberstein and R. D. Levine, Chem. Phys. Lett. 74, 6 (1980).
[Crossref]

R. D. Levine and A. Ben-Shaul, “Thermodynamics of molecular disequilibrium,” in Chemical and Biochemical Applications of Lasers, C. B. Moore, ed. (Academic, New York, 1977), Vol. 3.
[Crossref]

R. D. Levine and R. B. Bernstein, Molecular Reaction Dynamics (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1975).

R. D. Levine and R. B. Bernstein, “Thermodynamic approach to collision processes,” in Dynamics of Molecular Collisions, W. H. Miller, ed. (New York, 1976).
[Crossref]

Lichtin, D. A.

D. A. Lichtin, R. B. Bernstein, and K. R. Newton, J. Chem. Phys. 75, 5728 (1981).
[Crossref]

Lin, S. H.

W. Dietz, H. J. Neusser, V. Boesl, E. W. Schlag, and S. H. Lin, J. Chem. Phys. 66, 105 (1982).

Long, S. R.

J. T. Meek, S. R. Long, and J. P. Reilly, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 2809 (1982).
[Crossref]

Lopez-Delgado, R.

J. H. Callomon, J. E. Perkin, and R. Lopez-Delgado, Chem. Phys. Lett. 13, 125 (1972).
[Crossref]

Martellucci, S.

S. Solimeno and S. Martellucci, “High-power chemical lasers,” in Developments in High-Power Lasers and Their Applications, (S.I.F., Bologna, Italy, 1981).

Meek, J. T.

J. T. Meek, S. R. Long, and J. P. Reilly, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 2809 (1982).
[Crossref]

Metz, F.

F. Metz, W. E. Howard, L. Wunsch, H. J. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Proc. R. Soc. London 363, 381 (1978).
[Crossref]

Murakami, J.

J. Murakami, K. Kaya, and M. Ito, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 3263 (1980).
[Crossref]

Neusser, H. J.

W. Dietz, H. J. Neusser, V. Boesl, E. W. Schlag, and S. H. Lin, J. Chem. Phys. 66, 105 (1982).

F. Metz, W. E. Howard, L. Wunsch, H. J. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Proc. R. Soc. London 363, 381 (1978).
[Crossref]

Neusser, H. S.

U. Boesl, H. S. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Chem. Phys. Lett. 87, 1 (1982).
[Crossref]

Newton, K. R.

D. A. Lichtin, R. B. Bernstein, and K. R. Newton, J. Chem. Phys. 75, 5728 (1981).
[Crossref]

Otis, C.

K. Aron, C. Otis, R. E. Demaray, and P. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 4167 (1980).
[Crossref]

Otis, C. E.

P. M. Johnson and C. E. Otis, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 32, 139 (1981).
[Crossref]

Ottinger, Ch.

B. Andlauer and Ch. Ottinger, J. Chem. Phys. 55, 1471 (1971).
[Crossref]

Parker, D. H.

D. H. Parker, J. O. Berg, and M. A. El-Sayed, in Advances in Laser Chemistry, Vol. 3 of Springer Series on Chemical Physics, A. H. Zewail, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978).
[Crossref]

Perkin, J. E.

J. H. Callomon, J. E. Perkin, and R. Lopez-Delgado, Chem. Phys. Lett. 13, 125 (1972).
[Crossref]

Phillips, J. S.

T. Baer, G. D. Willett, D. Smith, and J. S. Phillips, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 4076 (1979).
[Crossref]

Rebenstrot, F.

F. Rebenstrot and A. Ben-Shaul, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 3255 (1981).
[Crossref]

Reilly, J. P.

J. T. Meek, S. R. Long, and J. P. Reilly, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 2809 (1982).
[Crossref]

Santoro, V.

M. Armenante, A. Brancaccio, E. Burattini, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 36, 213 (1980).
[Crossref]

M. Armenante, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 30, 57 (1979).
[Crossref]

Schlag, E. W.

U. Boesl, H. S. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Chem. Phys. Lett. 87, 1 (1982).
[Crossref]

W. Dietz, H. J. Neusser, V. Boesl, E. W. Schlag, and S. H. Lin, J. Chem. Phys. 66, 105 (1982).

F. Metz, W. E. Howard, L. Wunsch, H. J. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Proc. R. Soc. London 363, 381 (1978).
[Crossref]

Schulte, H.

R. Brehm, J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, and H. Schulte, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 373 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, H. Schulte, and B. Brehm, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 209 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. H. D. Eland and H. Schulte, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 3835 (1975).
[Crossref]

Shore, B. W.

J. R. Ackerhalt and B. W. Shore, Phys. Rev. A 16, 277 (1977).
[Crossref]

Silberstein, J.

J. Silberstein and R. D. Levine, Chem. Phys. Lett. 74, 6 (1980).
[Crossref]

Smith, D.

T. Baer, G. D. Willett, D. Smith, and J. S. Phillips, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 4076 (1979).
[Crossref]

Solimeno, S.

S. Solimeno and S. Martellucci, “High-power chemical lasers,” in Developments in High-Power Lasers and Their Applications, (S.I.F., Bologna, Italy, 1981).

Speiser, S.

S. Speiser and J. Jortner, Chem. Phys. Lett. 44, 399 (1976).
[Crossref]

Spinelli, N.

M. Armenante, A. Brancaccio, E. Burattini, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 36, 213 (1980).
[Crossref]

M. Armenante, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 30, 57 (1979).
[Crossref]

Vanoli, F.

M. Armenante, A. Brancaccio, E. Burattini, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 36, 213 (1980).
[Crossref]

M. Armenante, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 30, 57 (1979).
[Crossref]

Willett, G. D.

T. Baer, G. D. Willett, D. Smith, and J. S. Phillips, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 4076 (1979).
[Crossref]

Wunsch, L.

F. Metz, W. E. Howard, L. Wunsch, H. J. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Proc. R. Soc. London 363, 381 (1978).
[Crossref]

Zandee, L.

L. Zandee and R. B. Bernstein, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1359 (1979).
[Crossref]

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

P. M. Johnson, Acc. Chem. Res. 13, 20 (1980).
[Crossref]

Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

P. M. Johnson and C. E. Otis, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem. 32, 139 (1981).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. (1)

V. S. Antonov and V. S. Letokhov, Appl. Phys. 24, 89 (1981).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (4)

U. Boesl, H. S. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Chem. Phys. Lett. 87, 1 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Silberstein and R. D. Levine, Chem. Phys. Lett. 74, 6 (1980).
[Crossref]

S. Speiser and J. Jortner, Chem. Phys. Lett. 44, 399 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. H. Callomon, J. E. Perkin, and R. Lopez-Delgado, Chem. Phys. Lett. 13, 125 (1972).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. (4)

M. Armenante, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 30, 57 (1979).
[Crossref]

M. Armenante, A. Brancaccio, E. Burattini, V. Santoro, N. Spinelli, and F. Vanoli, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 36, 213 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, H. Schulte, and B. Brehm, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 209 (1976).
[Crossref]

R. Brehm, J. H. D. Eland, R. Frey, and H. Schulte, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 21, 373 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (11)

T. Baer, G. D. Willett, D. Smith, and J. S. Phillips, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 4076 (1979).
[Crossref]

B. Andlauer and Ch. Ottinger, J. Chem. Phys. 55, 1471 (1971).
[Crossref]

J. H. D. Eland and H. Schulte, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 3835 (1975).
[Crossref]

F. Rebenstrot and A. Ben-Shaul, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 3255 (1981).
[Crossref]

P. M. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 62, 4562 (1975).
[Crossref]

P. M. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 64, 4143 (1976).
[Crossref]

L. Zandee and R. B. Bernstein, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1359 (1979).
[Crossref]

J. Murakami, K. Kaya, and M. Ito, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 3263 (1980).
[Crossref]

D. A. Lichtin, R. B. Bernstein, and K. R. Newton, J. Chem. Phys. 75, 5728 (1981).
[Crossref]

W. Dietz, H. J. Neusser, V. Boesl, E. W. Schlag, and S. H. Lin, J. Chem. Phys. 66, 105 (1982).

K. Aron, C. Otis, R. E. Demaray, and P. Johnson, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 4167 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. (2)

R. B. Bernstein, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 1178 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. T. Meek, S. R. Long, and J. P. Reilly, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 2809 (1982).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. R. Ackerhalt and B. W. Shore, Phys. Rev. A 16, 277 (1977).
[Crossref]

Proc. R. Soc. London (1)

F. Metz, W. E. Howard, L. Wunsch, H. J. Neusser, and E. W. Schlag, Proc. R. Soc. London 363, 381 (1978).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

D. H. Parker, J. O. Berg, and M. A. El-Sayed, in Advances in Laser Chemistry, Vol. 3 of Springer Series on Chemical Physics, A. H. Zewail, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978).
[Crossref]

R. D. Levine and R. B. Bernstein, “Thermodynamic approach to collision processes,” in Dynamics of Molecular Collisions, W. H. Miller, ed. (New York, 1976).
[Crossref]

R. D. Levine and R. B. Bernstein, Molecular Reaction Dynamics (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1975).

R. D. Levine and A. Ben-Shaul, “Thermodynamics of molecular disequilibrium,” in Chemical and Biochemical Applications of Lasers, C. B. Moore, ed. (Academic, New York, 1977), Vol. 3.
[Crossref]

S. Solimeno and S. Martellucci, “High-power chemical lasers,” in Developments in High-Power Lasers and Their Applications, (S.I.F., Bologna, Italy, 1981).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup (see text for a full description).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized MPI spectrum of benzene.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative abundances of various ion fragments at the resonant wavelength of 4716 Å for different fluences.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relative abundances of various ion fragments for p = 2.2 × 10−4 Torr and p = 2.2 × 10−5 Torr at two different wavelengths (λ = 4716 Å, white area; λ = 4819 Å, dashed area)

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Log–log plot of the dependence of total ion yield on laser power for two resonant (4716- and 4819-Å) and one nonresonant (4915-Å) wavelengths.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison between theoretical (solid line) and experimental values of the total number of ions produced as a function of the laser intensity for two different wavelengths (I0 is the maximum value of laser intensity, and N0 the corresponding value of N, for λ = 4716 Å).

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d N 0 d t = N 0 σ 1 I 2 , d N 1 d t = N 0 σ 1 I 2 N 1 ( σ 2 I 2 + γ ) , d N d t = N 1 σ 2 I 2 .
Γ ( I ) = σ 1 σ 2 I 4 σ 2 I 2 + γ .
N = n T V Γ [ I ( r ) ] d 3 r ,
I ( ρ , z ) = I max exp { ( 2 ρ 2 ) / [ w 0 2 ( 1 + z 2 / z R 2 ) ] } z 2 / z R 2 + 1 ,
N n = 2 π z R T I max 4 σ 1 σ 2 0 d ζ ( 1 + ζ 2 ) 2 0 ρ d ρ × exp [ ( 8 ρ 2 ) / ( w 0 2 4 ζ 2 ) ] σ 2 I max 2 exp { ( 4 ρ 2 ) / [ w 0 2 ( 1 + ζ 2 ) ] } + γ ( 1 + ζ 2 ) 4 .
N n = z R π T I max 2 σ 1 w 0 2 4 0 d ζ × 1 1 + ζ 2 0 1 d x x x + [ γ ( 1 + ζ 2 ) 2 ] / σ 2 I max 2 = 2 z R π T I max 2 σ 1 w 0 2 4 0 d ζ × 1 1 + ζ 2 { 1 γ σ 2 I max 2 ( 1 + ζ 2 ) ln [ 1 + σ 2 I max 2 γ ( 1 + ζ 2 ) 2 ] = z R π T σ 1 I max 2 w 0 2 4 F ( σ 2 I max 2 / γ ) ,
F ( y ) = 0 d x t 1 + x 2 { 1 ( 1 + x 2 ) y ln [ 1 + y ( 1 + x 2 ) 2 ] = π y n = 0 ( 1 ) n y n n + 2 ( 4 n + 4 ) ! [ ( 2 n + 2 ) ! ] 2 1 2 4 n + 5 ,
σ 2 γ = 4.10 58 cm 4 sec 2 .
σ 2 4 × 10 47 cm 4 / sec .
γ σ 2 I 2 ,

Metrics